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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#1
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843378/combined-morphological-and-molecular-data-unveils-relationships-of-pseudobranchiomma-sabellidae-annelida-and-reveals-higher-diversity-of-this-intriguing-group-of-fan-worms-in-australia-including-potentially-introduced-species
#2
María Capa, Anna Murray
Pseudobranchiomma (Sabellidae, Annelida) is a small and heterogeneous group of fan worms found in shallow marine environments and is generally associated with hard substrates. The delineation and composition of this genus is problematic since it has been defined only by plesiomorphic characters that are widely distributed among other sabellids. In this study we have combined morphological and molecular (mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences) data to evaluate species diversity in Australia and assess the phylogenetic relationships of these and other related sabellids...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771592/breast-feeding-basic-competence-in-primary-care-development-and-validation-of-the-capa-questionnaire
#3
Anna Pol-Pons Rn Ibclc, Mercè Aubanell-Serra ScB, Mireia Vidal Rn, Imma Ojeda-Ciurana Rn, Ruth Martí-Lluch PhD, Anna Ponjoan PhD
BACKGROUND: validated and reliable tools measuring the level of competence about breastfeeding amongst health professionals who attend mothers in primary care are scarce. OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate a self-administered online questionnaire to assess basic competence about breastfeeding in the full range of health professionals attending lactating mothers in primary care. DESIGN: methodological study. SETTINGS: the study was conducted in 33 primary care centers administered by the Catalan Health Institute (Institut Català de la Salut) in the Girona Region (northeast Spain)...
October 1, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754279/hw-03-2-effect-of-cpap-on-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#4
Seong Hwan Kim
Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above 140/90 mmHg in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes at optimal dosing, of which one should be a diuretic. Accordingly, it is not synonymous with uncontrolled hypertension. Among a variety of risk factors, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a common type of sleep-disordered breathing, has been recognized a well-established risk factor for resistant hypertension. Indeed, both European and American guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension stated that OSA is a modifiable cause of resistant hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702659/study-of-the-uv-protective-and-antibacterial-properties-of-aqueous-polyurethane-dispersions-extended-with-low-molecular-weight-chitosan
#5
Shazia Muzaffar, Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti, Mohammad Zuber, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Muhammad Shahid
A series of aqueous dispersions of polyurethane (PU) and low molecular weight chitosan (CS(LMW)) has been prepared in two steps synthetic process. In first step PU prepolymer, with NCO termini were prepared by reacting isophrone diisocyanate (IPDI), poly (caprolactone) diol (CAPA, Mn 1000), and 2,2-dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA), followed by neutralization of PU prepolymer with triethylamine (TEA). In second step PU prepolymer chain was extended by low molecular weight chitosan followed by dispersion formation by adding calculated volume of water...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690022/cinnamide-derivatives-as-mammalian-arginase-inhibitors-synthesis-biological-evaluation-and-molecular-docking
#6
Thanh-Nhat Pham, Simon Bordage, Marc Pudlo, Céline Demougeot, Khac-Minh Thai, Corine Girard-Thernier
Arginases are enzymes that are involved in many human diseases and have been targeted for new treatments. Here a series of cinnamides was designed, synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in silico for their inhibitory activity against mammalian arginase. Using a microassay on purified liver bovine arginase (b-ARG I), (E)-N-(2-phenylethyl)-3,4-dihydroxycinnamide, also named caffeic acid phenylamide (CAPA), was shown to be slightly more active than our natural reference inhibitor, chlorogenic acid (IC50 = 6.9 ± 1...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677167/hydroxytyrosol-a-new-class-of-microbicide-displaying-broad-anti-hiv-1-activity
#7
Luis M Bedoya, Manuela Beltrán, Patricia Obregón-Calderón, Javier García-Pérez, Humberto E de la Torre, Nuria González, Mayte Pérez-Olmeda, David Auñón, Laura Capa, Eduardo Gómez-Acebo, José Alcamí
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the toxicity and activity against HIV of 5-hydroxytyrosol as a potential microbicide. DESIGN: The anti-HIV-1 activity of 5-hydroxytyrosol, a polyphenolic compound, was tested against wild-type HIV-1 and viral clones resistant to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), protease inhibitors and integrase inhibitors. In addition to its activity against founder viruses, different viral subtypes and potential synergy with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, lamivudine and emtricitabine was also tested...
November 28, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667938/sphaerodoridae-annelida-of-the-deep-northwestern-atlantic-including-remarkable-new-species-of-euritmia-and-sphaerephesia
#8
María Capa, Karen J Osborn, Torkild Bakken
Sphaerodoridae (Annelida) is a seeming uncommon and minimally diverse group of polychaetes in the northwestern Atlantic, with only seven species reported from the United States, and none from the eastern coast of Canada, before the present study. Review of the large Smithsonian collection (National Museum of Natural History, Washington) revealed the presence of two morphologically extraordinary undescribed species and added a new record to the north-western Atlantic region. Euritmia carolensis sp. n. is characterised by bearing approximately 20 sessile spherical papillae arranged in three transverse rows per segment, ventrum with 4-6 larger papillae near the parapodial bases and parapodia without papillae; bearing 4-5 simple chaetae that are enlarged subdistally...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667704/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-a-pyrokinin-neuropeptide-receptor-in-the-lyme-disease-vector-ixodes-scapularis
#9
Kinsi Gondalia, Anam Qudrat, Brigida Bruno, Janet Fleites Medina, Jean-Paul V Paluzzi
Pyrokinin-related peptides are pleiotropic factors that are defined by their conserved C-terminal sequence FXPRL-NH2. The pyrokinin nomenclature derives from their originally identified myotropic actions and, as seen in some family members, a blocked amino terminus with pyroglutamate. The black-legged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is well known as a vector of Lyme disease and various other illnesses; however, in comparison to blood-feeding insects, knowledge on its physiology (along with other Ixodid ticks) is rather limited...
December 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643276/hw-03-2-effect-of-cpap-on-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#10
Seong Hwan Kim
Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above 140/90 mmHg in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes at optimal dosing, of which one should be a diuretic. Accordingly, it is not synonymous with uncontrolled hypertension. Among a variety of risk factors, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a common type of sleep-disordered breathing, has been recognized a well-established risk factor for resistant hypertension. Indeed, both European and American guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension stated that OSA is a modifiable cause of resistant hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622713/the-shrunken-pore-syndrome-is-associated-with-declined-right-ventricular-systolic-function-in-a-heart-failure-population-the-harvest-study
#11
Anders Christensson, Anders Grubb, John Molvin, Hannes Holm, Klas Gransbo, Gordana Tasevska-Dinevska, Erasmus Bachus, Amra Jujic, Martin Magnusson
The close relationship between heart and kidney diseases was studied with respect to the 'Shrunken pore syndrome' that is characterized by a difference in renal filtration between cystatin C and creatinine. Patients were retrieved from the HeARt and brain failure inVESTigation trail (HARVEST) which is an ongoing study undertaken in individuals hospitalized for the diagnosis of heart failure. Ninety-five of 116 patients who underwent transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE) were eligible for this study. We used four different formulas for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); CKD-EPIcreatinine, CKD-EPIcystatin C, LMrev and CAPA...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616560/variation-in-common-preschool-sleep-problems-as-an-early-predictor-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptom-severity-across-time
#12
Diana J Whalen, Kirsten E Gilbert, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Andy C Belden
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychopathology has been linked to increased sleep problems, but there has been less investigation of this relationship in younger samples with early-onset psychopathology. This study examined three specific but commonly observed aspects of sleep behaviors in young children - (i) Sleep onset latency, (ii) Refusal to sleep alone, and (iii) Nighttime awakenings - measured during preschool, and investigated whether these sleep problems predicted anxiety and/or depression across the next 6 years until school age (ages 9-13)...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607172/hepatopulmonary-shunt-reduction-with-177lu-dotatate-therapy
#13
Emine Acar, Gamze Çapa Kaya, Hatice Durak
A 72-year-old man was diagnosed with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor of unknown primary with liver metastasis. All liver lesions were detectable only on Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT and were negative on F-FDG PET/CT. Intrahepatic Y radioembolization therapy was planned, but the hepatopulmonary shunt fraction was found to be 31.6%. Because the hepatopulmonary shunt fraction greater than 20% is an absolute contraindication to radioembolization, we decided to give him Lu-DOTATATE therapy. He received 4 courses of Lu-DOTATATE and showed regression in posttherapy Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging...
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575433/synthesis-characterization-and-efficiency-evaluation-of-chitosan-polyurethane-based-textile-finishes
#14
Shazia Muzaffar, Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti, Mohammad Zuber, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Muhammad Shahid
A series of polyurethane dispersions were synthesized through two step polymerization technique. A PU prepolymer with NCO termini was prepared using isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), poly caprolactone diols (CAPA of mol. wt. 1000) and DMPA (3:1:1), and PU prepolymer chain was extended with different mole ratios of low molecular weight chitosan and finally aqueous emulsion was prepared by adding suitable volume of water. The proposed structure of chitosan based PU dispersions was confirmed through FTIR spectroscopy...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513493/-not-available
#15
Pedro Ángel Latorre-Román, Emilio José Martínez-López, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Tomás Izquierdo-Rus, Jesús Salas-Sánchez, Felipe García-Pinillos
Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de disfrute por el ejercicio físico (PACES) en adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad.Métodos: participaron 139 adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad: 91 niñas (edad = 13,85 ± 1,92 años; índice de masa corporal [IMC] = 26,83 ± 3,16 kg/m2) y 48 niños (edad = 14,29 ± 1,62 años; IMC = 28,31 ± 3,74 kg/m2). Para analizar el disfrute por la actividad física se empleó el cuestionario Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES)...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508953/evaluation-of-social-anxiety-self-esteem-life-quality-in-adolescents-with-acne-vulgaris
#16
Dilek Unal, Nazan Emiroğlu, Fatma Pelin Cengiz
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a visible skin disease commonly seen in adolescence. As it affects the appearance, it is likely to bring stress to the adolescent's life regarding sensitivity about their appearance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the social anxiety level, acne-specific life quality, and self-esteem among adolescents with acne vulgaris. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between these parameters, clinical severity, and sociodemographic data...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453305/here-there-and-everywhere-the-radiolar-eyes-of-fan-worms-annelida-sabellidae
#17
Michael J Bok, María Capa, Dan-Eric Nilsson
Fan worms (Annelida: Sabellidae) possess some of the strangest eyes in nature. Their eponymous fans are composed of two sets of radiolar tentacles that project from the head up out of the worm's protective tube into the water column. Primarily used for respiration and feeding, these radioles are also often involved in photoreception. They display a surprising diversity of eyes of varying levels of sophistication, ranging from scattered single ocelli to compound eyes with up to hundreds of facets. These photoreceptors could represent a relatively recent evolutionary development to cope with a sessile, tube-dwelling lifestyle, and the primary cerebral eyes (haplessly positioned within the tube most of the time) amount to little more than minute pigment cups with scant visual potential...
November 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444465/-not-available
#18
Pedro Ángel Latorre-Román, Emilio José Martínez-López, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Tomás Izquierdo-Rus, Jesús Salas-Sánchez, Felipe García-Pinillos
Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de disfrute por el ejercicio físico (PACES) en adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad.Métodos: participaron 139 adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad: 91 niñas (edad = 13,85 ± 1,92 años; índice de masa corporal [IMC] = 26,83 ± 3,16 kg/m2) y 48 niños (edad = 14,29 ± 1,62 años; IMC = 28,31 ± 3,74 kg/m2). Para analizar el disfrute por la actividad física se empleó el cuestionario Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES)...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384216/scientific-evidence-of-dockworker-illness-to-nursing-clinical-reasoning
#19
Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz
OBJECTIVE: To identify scientific evidence of occupational illness of dockworkers published in the literature. METHOD: systematic review of the literature, developed according to the Cochrane method. The databases searched were: Cochrane, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL and SciELO. Studies from 1988 to 2014 were selected. The data were analyzed according to the level of evidence and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology. RESULTS: We included 14 studies, in which 11 (78...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366205/do-school-teachers-and-primary-contacts-in-residential-youth-care-institutions-recognize-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#20
Anne Mari Undheim, Stian Lydersen, Nanna Sønnichsen Kayed
BACKGROUND: Studies show that adolescents living in residential youth care (RYC) institutions experience more mental health problems than others. This paper studies how well teachers and primary contacts in RYC institutions recognize adolescents' mental health problems as classified by The Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment diagnostic interviews (CAPA). METHODS: All residents between 12 and 23 years of age living in RYC institutions in Norway and enrolled in school at the time of data collection were invited to participate in the study...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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