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H Partouche, A Lepoutre, C Buffel du Vaure, T Poisson, L Toubiana, S Gilberg
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of all-cause outpatient community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults in France from a national prospective observational study of CAP management in general practice (CAPA). METHODS: Patients aged over 18 years presenting with signs or symptoms indicative of CAP associated with recent onset of unilateral crackles on auscultation and/or a new opacity on chest X-ray were included in the CAPA study. An ancillary survey (AIMSIS) aiming at identifying family physicians' difficulties in including patients and at collecting their opinion on the use of an electronic case report form, determined the number of non-included eligible patients...
April 12, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Mostafa Bentahir, Jérôme Ambroise, Cathy Delcorps, Paola Pilo, Jean-Luc Gala
Four isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification assays (RPA) were developed for fast in-field identification of Bacillus (B.) anthracis RPAs targeted three specific sequences (i.e. BA_5345 chromosomal marker, lethal factor lef -pXO1, and capsule biosynthesis capA -pXO2), and a conserved sequence of the B. cereus group in the adenylate cyclase gene ( adk ). B. anthracis -specific RPA assays were first tested on purified genomic DNAs (n=60) containing 11 representatives of B. anthracis , then on soil (n=8) and white powder (n=8) samples spiked with inactivated B...
March 30, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
E Manuela P J Garrido, Ana S Cerqueira, Daniel Chavarria, Tiago Silva, Fernanda Borges, Jorge M P J Garrido
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is a bioactive polyphenolic compound obtained from propolis extract. Although it has a broad therapeutic potential, the bioavailability of CAPE is limited, due to reduced solubility and poor plasmatic stability. Efforts to reduce these pharmacokinetic drawbacks resulted in the synthesis of caffeic acid phenethyl amide (CAPA). Cyclodextrins have been proved as promising excipients for the formulation of active ingredients. Herein, we report the inclusion complexation behavior and binding ability of CAPE and CAPA with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Rémi L Capa, Cédric A Bouquet
Executive control can be driven by conscious and unconscious monetary cues. This has raised the exciting question regarding the role of conscious and unconscious reward in the regulation of executive control. Similarities and differences have been uncovered between unconscious and conscious processing of monetary rewards. In the present study, we explored whether individual differences associated with reward sensitivity foster these variations on memory-updating-a core component process of executive control...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Farwa Sajadi, Carmela Curcuruto, Afra Al Dhaheri, Jean-Paul V Paluzzi
The mosquito, Aedes aegypti , is a vector responsible for transmitting various pathogens to humans, and their prominence as chief vectors of human disease is largely due to their anthropophilic blood feeding behaviour. Larval stage mosquitoes must deal with the potential dilution of their haemolymph in fresh water, whereas the haematophagus A. aegypti female faces the challenge of excess ion and water intake after a blood meal. The excretory system, comprised of the Malpighian tubules (MTs) and hindgut, is strictly controlled by neuroendocrine factors, responsible for the control of diuresis across all developmental stages...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Juhua Chang, Jianhua Zhao, Xiaoli Tian
Parasitoid wasps of the order Hymenoptera, the most diverse groups of animals, are important natural enemies of arthropod hosts in natural ecosystems and can be used in biological control. To date, only one neuropeptidome of a parasitoid wasp, Nasonia vitripennis, has been identified. This study aimed to identify more neuropeptides of parasitoid wasps, by using a well-established workflow that was previously adopted for predicting insect neuropeptide sequences. Based on publicly accessible databases, totally 517 neuropeptide precursors from 24 parasitoid wasp species were identified; these included five neuropeptides (CNMamide, FMRFamide-like, ITG-like, ion transport peptide-like and orcokinin B) that were identified for the first time in parasitoid wasps, to our knowledge...
2018: PloS One
Jessica Corean, Rami Al-Tigar, Theodore Pysher, Robert Blaylock, Ryan A Metcalf
Objectives: Transfusion-transmitted bacterial infection (TTBI) from platelet components is likely underrecognized and can be fatal. Twenty-four-hour prospective culture was felt to be insufficiently preventive after multiple TTBIs occurred and strategies to improve safety were sought. Methods: Two fatal and one severe TTBIs occurred from a split-apheresis platelet donation contaminated with Klebsiella pneumoniae. Improvement opportunities were identified and corrective and preventive action (CAPA) followed...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Rosana C Gomes, Elaine C O Guirro, Adriana C Gonçalves, Jayme A Farina Junior, Luiz O Murta Junior, Rinaldo R J Guirro
INTRODUCTION: Severe burns benefit from skin grafting, and grafting surgery is of great importance in the treatment of these injuries. As a result, there is formation of an additional wound at the donor site, which is painful and susceptible to infection. However, the therapeutic approach to these problems at donor sites for skin grafting is insufficiently explored in the literature. AIM: To evaluate electrical stimulation of the donor sites of burn patients treated by grafting surgery...
February 2, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Mirela Pelizaro Valeri, Guilherme Borges Dias, Valéria do Socorro Pereira, Gustavo Campos Silva Kuhn, Marta Svartman
Satellite DNAs (satDNAs) are major components of eukaryote genomes. However, because of their quick divergence, the evolutionary origin of a given satDNA family can rarely be determined. Herein we took advantage of available primate sequenced genomes to determine the origin of the CapA satDNA (approx. 1500 bp long monomers), first described in the tufted capuchin monkey Sapajus apella We show that CapA is an abundant satDNA in Platyrrhini, whereas in the genomes of most eutherian mammals, including humans, this sequence is present only as a single copy located within a large intron of the NOS1AP (nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein) gene...
January 2018: Biology Letters
N Capa, C Celebi, A Casur, I Tuncel, A Usumez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the different color of resin cements and zirconia cores on the translucency parameter (TP) of the restoration that simulates the implant-supported fixed prosthesis using titanium base on the bottom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia core plates (Zr-Zahn) were prepared in A2 shades (n = 11). Resin cement plates (3M ESPE) were prepared in A2, A1, translucent (TR) shades (n = 11). The initial color measurements and were measured on zirconia core plates, and resin cements plates using a spectrophotometer...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Sharon Clark, Debbie Emberly, Kathleen Pajer, Emily Delong, Susan McWilliam, Alexa Bagnell, Sabina Abidi, Barbara Casey, William Gardner
Objective: The Choice and Partnership Approach (CAPA) is designed to improve access and quality of pediatric mental health care. We tested whether CAPA improved access in an academic pediatric hospital. Method: We used de-identified administrative data to compare access pre- (2011) and post-CAPA (2013). Results: Wait time to first appointment in 2011 was 225.3 days (95% CI = [211.0, 239.6], N = 364), compared to 93.0 days (95% CI = [89.2, 96...
January 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Ying Huang, Xiaodong Liu, Zheng Cui, Daniel Wiegmann, Giuliana Niro, Christian Ducho, Yuan Song, Zhaoyong Yang, Steven G Van Lanen
Capuramycins are antimycobacterial antibiotics that consist of a modified nucleoside named uridine-5'-carboxamide (CarU). Previous biochemical studies have revealed that CarU is derived from UMP, which is first converted to uridine-5'-aldehyde in a reaction catalyzed by the dioxygenase CapA and subsequently to 5'-C-glycyluridine (GlyU), an unusual β-hydroxy-α-amino acid, in a reaction catalyzed by the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaldolase CapH. The remaining steps that are necessary to furnish CarU include decarboxylation, O atom insertion, and oxidation...
January 17, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Júlia Dauernheimer Machado, Eduardo Guimarães Camargo, Roberta Boff, Laís da Silva Rodrigues, Joíza Lins Camargo, Ariana Aguiar Soares, Sandra Pinho Silveiro
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of creatinine and cystatin C (cysC) equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and healthy adults. METHODS: Case-control study including 84 patients with type 2 DM and 100 healthy adults with measured GFR (mGFR)≥60mL/min/1.73m2 . GFR was measured by 51 Cr-EDTA and estimated (eGFR) by the following equations using creatinine, cysC or both markers: Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), Caucasian Asian Pediatrics and Adults (CAPA), CKD-EPI creatinine-cystatin C (CKDEPI-CC), and CKD-EPI cystatin C (CKDEPIcysC)...
March 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Joffre V Tandazo-Yunga, Mario X Ruiz-González, Jacqueline R Rojas, Edwin D Capa-Mora, Jaime Prohens, José D Alejandro, Pablo G Acosta-Quezada
Changing climatic conditions impose a challenge both to biodiversity and food security. The effects of climate change affect different aspects of the plant or crop, such as morphological and phenological aspects, as well as yield. The effects of greenhouse conditions might be comparable in some cases to a permanent extreme disturbance in climate and weather, thus, contributing to our knowledge on climate change impacts on plant species. We have investigated the differences for 23 traits in two cultivar groups of an Andean traditional crop, Solanum betaceum, under two different environmental conditions that correspond to the traditional practices in the open field and three cultural managements under greenhouse conditions (no fertilization or control, organic, and mineral)...
2017: PloS One
Elena Kosobrodova, Alexey Kondyurin, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Christina Theodoropoulos, Elena Morganti, Dietmar Hutmacher, Marcela M M Bilek
Polycaprolactone with five different molecular weights was spin-coated on silicon wafers and plasma immersion ion implanted (PIII) with ion fluence in the range 5 × 1014 -2 × 1016  ions/cm2 . The effects of PIII treatment on the optical properties, chemical structure, crystallinity, morphology, gel fraction formation and wettability were investigated. As in the case of a number of previously studied polymers, oxidation and hydrophobic recovery of the PIII treated PCL follow second order kinetics...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Anshu Gupta, Tanima Dwivedi, Sadhana, Raju Chaudhary
Introduction: Patient's satisfaction is the need of the hour and one of the most important quality indicators in the laboratory medicine. Aim: To assess the patient's satisfaction with phlebotomy services in a neuropsychiatric hospital by a structured questionnaire with grading scale. Also, identify the problems causing dissatisfactions and to undertake necessary Corrective and Preventative Action (CAPA). Materials and Methods: Total 1200 patients were randomly selected over a period of two months (June and July 2016)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Behide Saltepe, Ebru Şahin Kehribar, Side Selin Su Yirmibeşoğlu, Urartu Özgür Şafak Şeker
An increasing interest in building novel biological devices with designed cellular functionalities has triggered the search of innovative tools for biocomputation. Utilizing the tools of synthetic biology, numerous genetic circuits have been implemented such as engineered logic operation in analog and digital circuits. Whole cell biosensors are widely used biological devices that employ several biocomputation tools to program cells for desired functions. Up to the present date, a wide range of whole-cell biosensors have been designed and implemented for disease theranostics, biomedical applications, and environmental monitoring...
January 26, 2018: ACS Sensors
Anthony Vacher, Sana El Mhamdi, Alain dʼHollander, Marion Izotte, Yves Auroy, Philippe Michel, Jean-Luc Quenon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a new methodological tool for the identification of corrective and preventive actions (CAPAs) after root cause analysis of health care-related adverse events. METHODS: From January to June 2010, we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving risk managers from 111 health care facilities of the Aquitaine Regional Center for Quality and Safety in Health Care (France). Fifty-six risk managers, randomly assigned to two groups (intervention and control), identified CAPAs in response to two sequentially presented adverse event scenarios...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
Jonas Björk, Anders Grubb, Vilmundur Gudnason, Olafur S Indridason, Andrew S Levey, Runolfur Palsson, Ulf Nyman
Background: Validation studies comparing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) equations based on standardized creatinine and cystatin C assays in the elderly are needed. The Icelandic Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Kidney cohort was used to compare two pairs of recently developed GFR equations, the revised Lund-Malmö creatinine equation (LMRCr) and the arithmetic mean of the LMRCr and Caucasian, Asian, Paediatric and Adult cystatin C equations (MEANLMR+CAPA), as well as the Full Age Spectrum creatinine equation (FASCr) and its combination with cystatin C (FASCr+Cys), with the corresponding pair of Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equations (CKD-EPICr and CKD-EPICr+Cys)...
October 5, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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