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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541923/does-verruca-vulgaris-affect-social-anxiety-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents
#1
Dilek Unal, Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Nazan Emiroglu
Objective Sensitivity about appearance is one of the sine qua non of adolescence and adolescents' self-esteem effecting their socialization processes. We explored if verruca vulgaris, a common visible infectious skin disease, affects social anxiety levels and self-esteem in adolescents compared to controls. Also, the difference in sociodemographic properties between two groups and the effect of clinical properties (the distribution and number of warts) on these parameters were investigated in the patient group...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502715/identification-of-mature-peptides-from-pban-and-capa-genes-of-the-moths-heliothis-peltigera-and-spodoptera-littoralis
#2
Lapo Ragionieri, Burak Özbagci, Susanne Neupert, Yuval Salts, Michael Davidovitch, Miriam Altstein, Reinhard Predel
By transcriptome analysis, we identified PBAN and CAPA precursors in the moths Spodoptera littoralis and Heliothis peltigera which are among the most damaging pests of agriculture in tropical and subtropical Africa as well as in Mediterranean countries. A combination of mass spectrometry and immunocytochemistry was used to identify mature peptides processed from these precursors and to reveal their spatial distribution in the CNS. We found that the sites of expression of pban genes, the structure of PBAN precursors and the processed neuropeptides are very similar in noctuid moths...
May 11, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481413/selective-and-reversible-fluoride-complexation-from-water-by-a-cyclic-tri-phosphonio-methanide-dication
#3
Jan J Weigand, Sivathmeehan Yogendra, Felix Hennersdorf, Antonio Bauzá, Antonio Frontera, Roland Fischer
Tri(phosphonio)methanide dication 32+ prepared from a trifluo-romethylsulfanylphosphonium dication (12+) via an intramolec-ular electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction displays an unexpected P-based water resistant Lewis acid which is capa-ble to selectively and reversibly bind fluoride ions from organ-ic / aqueous solution. The formed complex displays an unusual fluorophosphorane ([3-F]OTf). The multiple donor-acceptor interactions of 32+ that are crucial for the fluoride fixation have been elucidated by quantum chemical calculation...
May 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407629/combining-cystatin-c-and-creatinine-yields-a-reliable-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-in-older-adults-in-contrast-to-%C3%AE-trace-protein-and-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin
#4
Karin Werner, Mats Pihlsgård, Sölve Elmståhl, Helen Legrand, Ulf Nyman, Anders Christensson
BACKGROUND: The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the most important measure of kidney function and chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aims to validate commonly used equations for estimated GFR (eGFR) based on creatinine (cr), cystatin C (cys), β-trace protein (BTP), and β2-microglobulin (B2M) in older adults. METHOD: We conducted a validation study with 126 participants aged between 72 and 98 with a mean measured GFR (mGFR) by iohexol clearance of 54 mL/min/1...
April 14, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365922/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-pasteurella-multocida-strains-isolated-from-hosts-affected-by-various-diseases-in-italy
#5
Lucilla Cucco, Francesca Romana Massacci, Carla Sebastiani, Piermario Mangili, Luca Bano, Monia Cocchi, Andrea Luppi, Roberta Ortenzi, Giovanni Pezzotti, Chiara Francesca Magistrali
Pasteurella multocida is a widespread pathogen associated with major animal diseases of economic significance. Despite this, little is known about the capsular types, virulence gene pattern, and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from hosts affected by different diseases, and no data are available in Italy. One hundred eighty six isolates of P. multocida, were taken from different species in different states of health in several Italian regions, and were tested for genes encoding for capsular types (cap) and major virulence factors (tbpA, toxA, hgbB and pfhA)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347552/learning-outcomes-evaluation-of-a-simulation-based-introductory-course-to-anaesthesia
#6
J L Rábago, M López-Doueil, R Sancho, P Hernández-Pinto, N Neira, E Capa, E Larraz, C G Redondo-Figuero, J M Maestre
OBJECTIVE: An increased number of errors and reduced patient safety have been reported during the incorporation of residents, as this period involves learning new skills. The objectives were to evaluate the learning outcomes of an immersive simulation boot-camp for incoming residents before starting the clinical rotations. Airway assessment, airway control with direct laryngoscopy, and epidural catheterization competencies were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twelve first-year anaesthesiology residents participated...
March 24, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322986/differentiating-motivational-from-affective-influence-of-performance-contingent-reward-on-cognitive-control-the-wanting-component-enhances-both-proactive-and-reactive-control
#7
Anne-Clémence Chaillou, Anne Giersch, Marc Hoonakker, Rémi L Capa, Anne Bonnefond
Positive affect strongly modulates goal-directed behaviors and cognitive control mechanisms. It often results from the presence of a pleasant stimulus in the environment, whether that stimulus appears unpredictably or as a consequence of a particular behavior. The influence of positive affect linked to a random pleasant stimulus differs from the influence of positive affect resulting from performance-contingent pleasant stimuli. However, the mechanisms by which the performance contingency of pleasant stimuli modulates the influence of positive affect on cognitive control mechanisms have not been elucidated...
March 18, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257837/identification-and-distribution-of-products-from-novel-tryptopyrokinin-genes-in-the-locust-locusta-migratoria
#8
Jana Redeker, Marcel Bläser, Susanne Neupert, Reinhard Predel
A recent analysis of the genome of Locusta migratoria indicated the presence of four novel insect neuropeptide genes encoding for multiple tryptopyrokinin peptides (tryptoPKs); hitherto only known from pyrokinin or capa genes. In our study, mature products of tryptoPK genes 1 and 2 were identified by mass spectrometry; precursor sequences assigned to the tryptoPK genes 3 and 4 are likely partial sequences of a single precursor. The expression of tryptoPK genes 1 and 2 is restricted to two cells in the subesophageal ganglion, exhibiting not only a unique neuropeptidome but also a very distinctive axonal projection...
April 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246074/delirium-after-mechanical-ventilation-in-intensive-care-units-the-cognitive-and-psychosocial-assessment-capa-study-protocol
#9
Daniella Bulic, Michael Bennett, Helen Rodgers, Mary Nourse, Patrick Rubie, Jeffrey Cl Looi, Frank Van Haren
BACKGROUND: In the intensive care unit (ICU), critical illness delirium occurs in the context of multiple comorbidities, multi-organ failure, and invasive management techniques, such as mechanical ventilation, sedation, and lack of sleep. Delirium is characterized by an acute confusional state defined by fluctuating mental status, inattention, and either disorganized thinking or an altered level of consciousness. The long-term cognitive and psychosocial function of patients that experience delirium in the ICU is of crucial interest because preliminary data suggest a strong association between ICU-related delirium and long-term cognitive impairment...
February 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195275/bond-strengths-of-orthodontic-metal-brackets-to-tribochemically-silica-coated-zirconia-surfaces-using-different-10-methacryloyloxydecyl-dihydrogen-phosphate-containing-primers
#10
Na-Hyun Kim, Yoon-Ji Kim, Dong-Yul Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of tribochemical silica coating and different 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP)-containing primers on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic metal brackets to yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety polished Y-TZP specimens were randomly assigned to 19 groups (n = 10): 30 specimens were used for surface analyses after polishing with 600-grit silicon carbide paper, airborneparticle abrasion with 50-μm alumina (A), or tribochemical silica coating (CoJet [C]); 160 specimens were used in SBS testing of orthodontic metal brackets to Y-TZP after alumina airborne-particle abrasion or tribochemical silica coating and application of either ESPE-Sil (S) (ASn, ASa, CSn, CSa), Alloy Primer (AP) (AAPn, AAPa, CAPn, CAPa), Clearfil Ceramic Primer (CP) (ACPn, ACPa, CCPn, CCPa), or Scotchbond Universal (U) (AUn, AUa, CUn, CUa) and either stored in water for 24 h (non-aged, n) or thermocycled 5000 times (aged, a)...
2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182214/hla-b-57-and-ifnl4-related-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-protection-against-hiv-1-disease-progression-in-controllers
#11
Beatriz Dominguez-Molina, Laura Tarancon-Diez, Stephane Hua, Cristina Abad-Molina, Esther Rodriguez-Gallego, Kawthar Machmach, Francesc Vidal, Cristina Tural, Santiago Moreno, María José Goñi, Elena Ramírez de Arellano, Margarita Del Val, María Francisca Gonzalez-Escribano, Jorge Del Romero, Carmen Rodriguez, Laura Capa, Pompeyo Viciana, José Alcamí, Xu G Yu, Bruce D Walker, Manuel Leal, Mathias Lichterfeld, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166144/retro-orbital-breast-cardiac-skin-and-subcutaneous-metastases-of-neuroendocrine-tumor-from-a-tail-gut-cyst-on-68ga-dotatate-pet-ct-imaging
#12
Emine Acar, Hatice Durak, Sare Kabukcuoğlu, Serap Işiksoy, Gamze Çapa Kaya
Tail gut cysts are rare congenital lesions developing from postanal primitive gut remnants. They are mostly benign but carry a potential of malignant transformation, such as adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumor, adenosquamous carcinoma, and pseudomyxoma peritonei. We present a 39-year-old woman with a neuroendocrine tumor arising within a tail gut cyst. She underwent complete resection in 2011. After 4 years, she was admitted with breast nodules, left proptosis, and gaze difficulties. Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT demonstrated extensive metastases including pelvic, lymph node, adrenal gland, bone, retro-orbital, cardiac, breast, skin, and subcutaneous metastases...
May 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069423/identification-and-characterization-of-pyrokinin-and-capa-peptides-and-corresponding-gpcrs-from-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii
#13
Man-Yeon Choi, Seung-Joon Ahn, A Young Kim, Youngho Koh
The family of FXPRLamide peptides serves as a major insect hormone. It is characterized by a core active amino acid sequence conserved at the C-terminal ends, and provides various physiological roles across the Insecta. In this study we identified and characterized pyrokinin (PK) and CAPA cDNAs encoding two FXPRLamide peptides, pyrokinin and CAPA-DH (diapause hormone), and two corresponding G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) from spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii. Expressions of PK and CAPA mRNAs were differentially observed during all life stages except the embryo, and the detection of CAPA transcription was relatively strong compared with the PK gene in SWD...
May 15, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050390/capa-analysis-of-haemolysed-red-cell-unit-detected-during-component-preparation-importance-of-quality-check-on-cold-chain-maintenance
#14
Babita Raghuwanshi, N K Pehlajani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986689/hla-b-57-and-ifnl4-related-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-protection-against-hiv-1-disease-progression-in-controllers
#15
B Dominguez-Molina, L Tarancon-Diez, S Hua, C Abad-Molina, E Rodriguez-Gallego, K Machmach, F Vidal, C Tural, S Moreno, J M Goñi, E Ramírez de Arellano, M Del Val, M F Gonzalez-Escribano, J Del Romero, C Rodriguez, L Capa, P Viciana, J Alcamí, X G Yu, B D Walker, Manuel Leal, M Lichterfeld, E Ruiz-Mateos
BACKGROUND: HIV-1-controllers maintain HIV-1 viremia at low levels (normally <2000 HIV-RNA copies/mL) without antiretroviral treatment. However, some HIV-1-controllers have evidence of immunologic progression with marked CD4(+)T-cell decline. We investigated host genetic factors associated with protection against CD4(+)T-cell loss in HIV-1-controllers. METHODS: We analysed the association of interferon lambda 4 (IFNL4)-related polymorphisms and HLA-B haplotypes within Long Term Non-Progressor HIV-1-controllers ((LTNP-C), defined by maintaining CD4(+)T-cells counts >500 cells/mm(3) for more than 7 years after HIV-1 diagnosis) versus non-LTNP-C, who developed CD4(+)T-cells counts <500 cells/mm(3) Both a Spanish study cohort (n=140) and an international validation cohort (n=914) were examined...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935938/retinal-capillary-rarefaction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Agnes Jumar, Joanna M Harazny, Christian Ott, Stefanie Friedrich, Iris Kistner, Kristina Striepe, Roland E Schmieder
PURPOSE: In diabetes mellitus type 2, capillary rarefaction plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of end-organ damage. We investigated retinal capillary density in patients with early disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compares retinal capillary rarefaction determined by intercapillary distance (ICD) and capillary area (CapA), measured non-invasively and in vivo by scanning laser Doppler flowmetry, in 73 patients with type 2 diabetes, 55 healthy controls and 134 individuals with hypertension stage 1 or 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925096/socio-environmental-approach-in-nursing-focusing-on-rural-labor-and-the-use-of-pesticides
#17
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde Almeida de Mello, Mara Regina Santos da Silva
Objective: to apply a socio-environmental approach to the relationship between human health and rural labor through a link verification/association between health disorders and the use of pesticides. Method: this is a quantitative, cross-sectional, observational and exploratory study with 331 inhabitants of two cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data analysis was conducted by Poisson regression. Results: reported health disorders included: mental (62...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#18
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843378/combined-morphological-and-molecular-data-unveils-relationships-of-pseudobranchiomma-sabellidae-annelida-and-reveals-higher-diversity-of-this-intriguing-group-of-fan-worms-in-australia-including-potentially-introduced-species
#19
María Capa, Anna Murray
Pseudobranchiomma (Sabellidae, Annelida) is a small and heterogeneous group of fan worms found in shallow marine environments and is generally associated with hard substrates. The delineation and composition of this genus is problematic since it has been defined only by plesiomorphic characters that are widely distributed among other sabellids. In this study we have combined morphological and molecular (mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences) data to evaluate species diversity in Australia and assess the phylogenetic relationships of these and other related sabellids...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771592/breast-feeding-basic-competence-in-primary-care-development-and-validation-of-the-capa-questionnaire
#20
Anna Pol-Pons Rn Ibclc, Mercè Aubanell-Serra ScB, Mireia Vidal Rn, Imma Ojeda-Ciurana Rn, Ruth Martí-Lluch PhD, Anna Ponjoan PhD
BACKGROUND: validated and reliable tools measuring the level of competence about breastfeeding amongst health professionals who attend mothers in primary care are scarce. OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate a self-administered online questionnaire to assess basic competence about breastfeeding in the full range of health professionals attending lactating mothers in primary care. DESIGN: methodological study. SETTINGS: the study was conducted in 33 primary care centers administered by the Catalan Health Institute (Institut Català de la Salut) in the Girona Region (northeast Spain)...
November 2016: Midwifery
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