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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333865/parental-supervision-and-discomfort-with-children-walking-to-school-in-low-income-communities-in-cape-town-south-africa
#1
Abigail Simons, Karin Koekemoer, Ashley van Niekerk, Rajen Govender
Objective The risk of pedestrian injury is compounded for children living in low-income communities due to factors such as poor road and pedestrian infrastructure, reliance on walking as a means of transport, and compromised supervision. Parents play an important role in child pedestrian safety. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of child pedestrian variables on parental discomfort with regard to letting their child walk to and from school and on the frequency of adult supervision...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#2
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332021/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-fatigue-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Afitap Ozdelikara, Seval Agcadiken Alkan
Context • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the progressive nature of the disease, devastating symptoms adversely affect the patient's daily life and future expectations. This situation leads patients to seek complementary and alternative treatments. Objectives • This study was conducted to determine the effects of reflexology on fatigue severity and anxiety in patients with MS. Design • The research was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331100/prevalence-associated-factors-and-control-level-of-asthma-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-northern-jordan
#5
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Mahmoud A Alomari
Objective To investigate the prevalence, associated factors, and control level of asthma in Jordanian high school students. Methods A descriptive, comparative, cross sectional design was used and a cluster sample of 2691 students (mean age = 14.5 years, 51.0% girls), drawn from eight randomly selected public high schools in Northern Jordan, participated in the study. Each student had the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire completed in the classroom between February and May, 2015...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331099/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-teacher-rating-scale-as-a-screening-tool-for-early-detection-of-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-schools-in-a-lower-middle-income-setting
#6
Olawunmi Olagundoye, Alex Igundunasse, Morenike Aluko
Background Despite the need to curb the menace resulting from the negative trajectory of disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD) in societies of the world today, there is yet a dearth of locally standardised tools for the early detection of these disorders in Nigeria. This study was aimed at standardising the DBD teacher rating scale (DBD-TRS) to be culturally specific using teachers' ratings of their students. Objectives To establish norm scores for the three categories of DBD on the DBD-TRS, to evaluate the reliability, validity, predictive power, sensitivity and specificity of DBD-TRS items for identifying DBD symptoms amongst children/adolescents between the ages of 4 and 16 years...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330232/interventions-must-be-realistic-to-be-useful-and-completed-in-family-medicine
#7
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen, Anne Victoria Neale
Being realistic while helping our patients is this issue's theme. Given the volume of tasks required in family medicine, recommendations for improvements in direct care or care measurement cannot just be evidence-based but must also be realistic. On the list of realistic: ordering antipsychotics for symptoms of dementia in the elderly, despite recommendations to not do so; ordering antidepressants without fear that the patient could develop hypertension; mental health care providers in primary care offices; forced choice for opioid management; plus agenda setting for visit efficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329584/validity-of-the-school-setting-interview-for-students-with-special-educational-needs-in-regular-high-school-a-rasch-analysis
#8
Moa Yngve, Michaela Munkholm, Helene Lidström, Helena Hemmingsson, Elin Ekbladh
BACKGROUND: Participation in education is a vital component of adolescents' everyday life and a determinant of health and future opportunities in adult life. The School Setting Interview (SSI) is an instrument which assesses student-environment fit and reflects the potential needs for adjustments to enhance students' participation in school activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the SSI for students with special educational needs in regular high school...
January 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#9
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325891/fresh-fruit-and-vegetable-program-and-requests-for-fruits-and-vegetables-outside-school-settings
#11
Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Elizabeth Dachenhaus, Jessie Gruner, Kristina Mollner, Eric B Hekler, Michael Todd
BACKGROUND: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) among elementary school-aged children remains inadequate, especially among low-income children. The US Department of Agriculture's Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) provides F/V as snacks to children during the school day, outside of school meals. School-based initiatives are successful in changing behaviors in school settings; however, their influence on behaviors outside of schools needs investigation. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether FFVP participation is associated with F/V requests at stores, self-efficacy to ask for and choose F/V at home, and F/V consumption...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#12
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#13
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318118/evaluation-of-the-health-related-behaviour-of-pregnant-women-from-warsaw-poland
#14
Dariusz Boguszewski, Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Wiesław Tomaszewski, Daria Sałata, Ewelina Skowera, Marta Patalon, Anna Obszyńska-Litwiniec, Dariusz Białoszewski
Background: Pregnancy is a period of time when women tend to suffer from the weakening of their psychophysical fitness. This research evaluated several selected elements of the lifestyle of pregnant women compared to those of non-pregnant women. Methods: Overall, 482 women attended to the Childbirth School in Gynecological-Obstetric Hospital "Inflancka" in Warsaw, Poland, in the years 2011-2013; Group 1 contained 214 pregnant, and Group 2 contained 268 non-pregnant completed a survey inquiry...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316885/cash-transfer-interventions-for-sexual-health-meanings-and-experiences-of-adolescent-males-and-females-in-inner-city-johannesburg
#15
Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine MacPhail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316195/psychometric-testing-of-the-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-self-efficacy-questionnaire-and-the-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-behavior-recall-questionnaire-for-children
#16
Jane H Lassetter, Christopher I Macintosh, Mary Williams, Martha Driessnack, Gaye Ray, Jonathan J Wisco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the psychometric properties for two related questionnaires: the Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children (HEPASEQ-C) and the Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Behavior Recall Questionnaire for Children (HEPABRQ-C). DESIGN AND METHODS: HEPASEQ-C and HEPABRQ-C were administered to 517 participating children with 492 completing. Data were analyzed to evaluate for reliability and validity of the questionnaires...
January 5, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313762/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-menstrual-health-instrument-mhi-for-adolescents-in-korea
#17
Hyunjeong Shin, Young-Joo Park, Inhae Cho
The aims of the researchers were to develop and test initial psychometric properties of the Menstrual Health Instrument, a measure of menstrual health in adolescents that comprehensively evaluates menstrual health. Data were collected with a convenience sample of 230 Korean adolescent girls. As a result of exploratory factor analysis with the 29-item instrument, five factors were extracted: affective symptoms, somatic symptoms and school life, daily habits for menstrual health, menstrual cycle characteristics, and attitudes and perceptions on menstruation...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313250/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-economy-its-association-with-academic-engagement-and-the-role-of-school-based-and-parental-relationships
#18
Nancy E Hill, Belle Liang, Diamond Y Bravo, Maggi Price, Whitney Polk, John Perella, Mandy Savitz-Romer
In the context of widespread media coverage of economic problems, un- and under-employment, and overwhelming student loan debt, youth are making sense of the prospects of getting a job and value of education. Further, they are assessing the implications of the job market in curtailing or enhancing their future success. School-based and familial relationships may support students in making sense of the job market. The current study focuses on how youth view the economy, its association with academic engagement, and how parental and school-based relationships shape views of the job market and their impact on academic engagement...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#19
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310673/assessing-organizational-implementation-context-in-the-education-sector-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-measures-of-implementation-leadership-climate-and-citizenship
#20
Aaron R Lyon, Clayton R Cook, Eric C Brown, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Mark Ehrhart, Gregory A Aarons
BACKGROUND: A substantial literature has established the role of the inner organizational setting on the implementation of evidence-based practices in community contexts, but very little of this research has been extended to the education sector, one of the most common settings for the delivery of mental and behavioral health services to children and adolescents. The current study examined the factor structure, psychometric properties, and interrelations of an adapted set of pragmatic organizational instruments measuring key aspects of the organizational implementation context in schools: (1) strategic implementation leadership, (2) strategic implementation climate, and (3) implementation citizenship behavior...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
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