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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921667/polysubstance-use-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-rural-community-latent-classes-for-middle-and-high-school-students
#1
Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, Paul R Smokowski, Matthew O Howard, Katie L Stalker
PURPOSE: Rural communities are currently being impacted by a nationwide epidemic of prescription opioid misuse. Rural adolescent substance users may be at substantial risk for later addiction to these and other drugs. METHODS: This study uses Latent Class Analysis to identify subtypes of polysubstance users among a sample of 7,074 rural adolescents. Separate models were estimated for middle- and high-school youth. Predictive validity was estimated using cumulative ordinal logistic regression of the classes on a set of youth and family characteristics...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921556/dating-and-sexual-violence-research-in-the-schools-balancing-protection-of-confidentiality-with-supporting-the-welfare-of-survivors
#2
Jill D Sharkey, Lauren A Reed, Erika D Felix
Rigorous research and program evaluation are needed to understand the experience of dating and sexual violence among youth and the impact of prevention and intervention efforts. Our dilemma in doing this work occurred when youth disclosed dating and sexual violence on a research survey. What responsibility do researchers have to protect survivors' confidentiality as a research participant versus taking steps to ensure the student has the opportunity to access help? In our evaluation of a pilot dating violence prevention program, our protocols employed widely used procedures for providing resources to participants upon their completion of the survey and de-identifying survey data...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920112/implant-and-endodontic-treatment-selection-are-influenced-by-patients-demographic-characteristics-insurance-status-and-medical-history-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine any potential association between demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, dental insurance, and medical and tobacco history between patients that received endodontic treatment or extraction and implant treatment in a university dental clinic. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Dental charts of patients who received root canal treatment and implant therapy were retrieved from the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry records...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919643/misconceptions-in-the-exploding-flask-demonstration-resolved-through-students-critical-thinking
#4
Rick Spierenburg, Leon Jacobse, Iris de Bruin, Daan J van den Bos, Dominique M Vis, Ludo B F Juurlink
As it connects to a large set of important fundamental ideas in chemistry and analytical techniques discussed in high school chemistry curricula, we review the exploding flask demonstration. In this demonstration, methanol vapor is catalytically oxidized by a Pt wire catalyst in an open container. The exothermicity of reactions occurring at the catalytic surface heats the metal to the extent that it glows. When restricting reactant and product gas flow, conditions may favor repetitive occurrence of a small explosion...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919591/the-establishment-and-operation-of-longjing-medical-college-the-history-of-longjing-medical-college-as-frontier-history-focusing-on-its-disconnection-and-continuity
#5
Mira Moon, Young-Jeon Shin
Longjing Medial College, established in Longjing, Yanbian, China on September 12, 1945, existed for about 1 year and 6 months until it was renamed as the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao in April 1947. However, there are only few records and studies on Longjing Medical College in Yanbian as well as in Korea. In order to fill the gap, this study attempted to restore the history of Longjing Medical College built in Yanbian, China immediately after the liberation. In particular, it analyzed how and why the Longjing Medical College was founded and operated, and which relations the college had with the post-war medical educational institutions, focusing on the 'disconnection' and 'continuity' in the historical sense...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#6
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#7
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915873/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-ambient-air-pollution-and-respiratory-morbidities-including-childhood-asthma-in-adolescents-from-the-western-cape-province-study-protocol
#8
Toyib Olaniyan, Mohamed Jeebhay, Martin Röösli, Rajen Naidoo, Roslynn Baatjies, Nino Künzil, Ming Tsai, Mark Davey, Kees de Hoogh, Dilys Berman, Bhawoodien Parker, Joy Leaner, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from existing literature that ambient air pollutant exposure in early childhood likely plays an important role in asthma exacerbation and other respiratory symptoms, with greater effect among asthmatic children. However, there is inconclusive evidence on the role of ambient air pollutant exposures in relation to increasing asthma prevalence as well as asthma induction in children. At the population level, little is known about the potential synergistic effects between pollen allergens and air pollutants since this type of association poses challenges in uncontrolled real life settings...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914185/power-potential-and-pitfalls-in-global-health-academic-partnerships-review-and-reflections-on-an-approach-in-nepal
#9
David Citrin, Stephen Mehanni, Bibhav Acharya, Lena Wong, Isha Nirola, Rekha Sherchan, Bikash Gauchan, Khem Bahadur Karki, Dipendra Raman Singh, Sriram Shamasunder, Phuoc Le, Dan Schwarz, Ryan Schwarz, Binod Dangal, Santosh Kumar Dhungana, Sheela Maru, Ramesh Mahar, Poshan Thapa, Anant Raut, Mukesh Adhikari, Indira Basnett, Shankar Prasad Kaluanee, Grace Deukmedjian, Scott Halliday, Duncan Maru
BACKGROUND: Global health academic partnerships are centered around a core tension: they often mirror or reproduce the very cross-national inequities they seek to alleviate. On the one hand, they risk worsening power dynamics that perpetuate health disparities; on the other, they form an essential response to the need for healthcare resources to reach marginalized populations across the globe. OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes the broader landscape of global health academic partnerships, including challenges to developing ethical, equitable, and sustainable models...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#10
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912385/-primary-fracture-prevention-through-the-osteoporosis-liaison-service
#11
Shinichi Nakatoh
It is difficult to prevent primary fragility fractures because the subjects have not yet experienced a fracture. The offers of the community Osteoporosis Liaison Service are important for primary prevention of fragility fractures. The prevention, education, enlightenment, and the offer of osteoporosis examinations are included in this service. It is necessary to deliver the prevention services and osteoporosis education according to the age of the subjects. Hence, for young people, it is effective to include in school education that getting high peak bone mass is important, and for the middle-aged population, it is necessary to include education on the maintenance of bone quantity and the impact on risk factors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912195/associations-between-participation-in-organised-physical-activity-in-the-school-or-community-outside-school-hours-and-neighbourhood-play-with-child-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-primary-school-aged-children-from-the-uk
#12
Russell Jago, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Emma Solomon-Moore, Janice L Thompson, Debbie A Lawlor, Simon J Sebire
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which participation in organised physical activity in the school or community outside school hours and neighbourhood play was associated with children's physical activity and sedentary time. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Children were recruited from 47 state-funded primary schools in South West England. PARTICIPANTS: 1223 children aged 8-9 years old. OUTCOME MEASURES: Accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911274/participation-and-support-associations-with-swedish-pupils-positive-health
#13
Maria Warne, Kristen Snyder, Katja Gillander Gådin
From the perspective of salutogenesis, schools have opportunities to create supportive environments for health and well-being, but there is a need for more knowledge about positive health determinants in the school setting. The aim of this study was to analyse adolescents' self-reported positive health and its association with supportive factors in the school environment. Data was derived from a cross-sectional study in which pupils were aged 12-16 (n=1527). A positive health scale was used to examine the association of positive health with the following determinants: classroom participation; teacher support; peer support; parental support; and personal relative affluence...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911214/growth-regulation-by-estrogen-in-breast-cancer-1-greb1-is-a-novel-progesterone-responsive-gene-required-for-human-endometrial-stromal-decidualization
#14
Alison J Camden, Maria M Szwarc, Sangappa B Chadchan, Francesco J DeMayo, Bert W O'Malley, John P Lydon, Ramakrishna Kommagani
STUDY QUESTION: Is Growth Regulation by Estrogen in Breast Cancer 1 (GREB1) required for progesterone-driven endometrial stromal cell decidualization? SUMMARY ANSWER: GREB1 is a novel progesterone-responsive gene required for progesterone-driven human endometrial stromal cell (HESC) decidualization. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Successful establishment of pregnancy requires HESCs to transform from fibroblastic to epithelioid cells in a process called decidualization...
September 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910926/-survey-on-a-public-health-emergency-event-caused-by-norovirus
#15
Y Xing, C Jiang, W Y Hua, F Liu, Z Zhao, Y J Ding, L Wang, J Li
Objective: To study the epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak caused by norovirus infection in a school in Haidian district, Beijing. Methods: Basic information of the school and data related to patients in the fields survey were collected and analyzed descriptively. Laboratory tests were performed to test the stool and anal swab specimens of both patients and cooks as well as the environmental specimens. Risk factors related to the incidence were analyzed through a case-control study. Results: A total number of 119 patients were identified in the school...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910673/a-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-a-secondary-school-mindfulness-program-for-early-adolescents-do-we-have-the-recipe-right-yet
#16
Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness is being promoted in schools as a prevention program despite a current small evidence base. The aim of this research was to conduct a rigorous evaluation of the .b ("Dot be") mindfulness curriculum, with or without parental involvement, compared to a control condition. METHOD: In a randomized controlled design, students (Mage 13.44, SD 0.33; 45.4% female) across a broad range of socioeconomic indicators received the nine lesson curriculum delivered by an external facilitator with (N = 191) or without (N = 186) parental involvement, or were allocated to a usual curriculum control group (N = 178)...
September 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910249/redirecting-public-oral-health-fluoride-varnish-intervention-to-low-socio-economic-status-children-in-alberta
#17
Cynthia Huber, Sylvia Baran, Cindi De Graaff, Marianne Howell, Steve Patterson, Rafael Figueiredo
SETTING: Dental decay is most prevalent among low socio-economic status (SES) groups where cost limits access to dental care. To address inequities in oral health outcomes, Alberta Health Services (AHS) Oral Health Action Plan encompasses a population health approach that redirects fluoride varnish (FV) applications to low SES children. Using low SES measures to establish the eligibility criteria is fundamental to the delivery of FV applications to the target population. INTERVENTION: A series of four FV applications over two years is directed to children age 12-35 months and two applications per year to children in Kindergarten and grades 1 and 2, using low SES measures for eligibility criteria...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906239/auditory-processing-testing-in-the-booth-versus-outside-the-booth
#18
Jay R Lucker
BACKGROUND: Many audiologists believe that auditory processing testing must be carried out in a soundproof booth. This expectation is especially a problem in places such as elementary schools. Research comparing pure-tone thresholds obtained in sound booths compared to quiet test environments outside of these booths does not support that belief. Auditory processing testing is generally carried out at above threshold levels, and therefore may be even less likely to require a soundproof booth...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905725/ethics-students-go-to-the-jail
#19
Oliver Schirokauer, Thomas A Tallman, Leah Jeunnette, Despina Mavrakis, Monica L Gerrek
This article describes an educational initiative in which clinical ethics students, who were either in a bioethics master's degree program or in the fourth year of medical school, spent two days observing health care in an urban jail. Students submitted reflections about their experience, in which they drew attention to concerns about privacy, physical restriction, due care, drug addiction, mistrust, and the conflicting expectations that arise when incarcerated people become patients. The rotation was of great value to the students both because it exposed them to many of the ethical issues that arise in a correctional setting and because it deepened their understanding of various ethical concerns that are pervasive in health care...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905355/revealing-hidden-talents-the-development-use-and-benefit-of-vesparch
#20
Julia R Badger, Jane Mellanby
BACKGROUND: School attainment tests and Cognitive Abilities Tests are used in the United Kingdom to set targets for educational outcome. Whilst these are good predictors, they depend not only on basic ability but also on learnt knowledge and skills, such as reading. METHOD AND AIMS: VESPARCH is an online group test of verbal and spatial reasoning, which we propose gives a measure that more closely approximates to basic ability - fluid intelligence. The verbal test contains highly familiar words, does not require the child to read them, is untimed, and provides detailed feedback on five practice questions for each part of the test...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
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