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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738384/sweet-taste-perception-and-dental-caries-in-13-to-15-year-olds-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#1
H Ashi, C Lara-Capi, G Campus, G Klingberg, P Lingström
Dietary habits and, in particular, the intake frequency of sucrose are of major importance for the development of dental caries. The perception of sweet taste is believed to have an influence on sucrose intake and therefore affects the predisposition to dental caries. The aim was to study the caries experience and sweet taste perception and to further analyze the possible relationship between the 2 tested variables in 13- to 15-year-old children from 3 different geographical areas. A cross-sectional survey comprising 669 children (220 Italian, 224 Mexican, and 225 Saudi Arabian) was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738220/adolescent-peer-networks-and-the-moderating-role-of-depressive-symptoms-on-developmental-trajectories-of-cannabis-use
#2
Michael S Pollard, Joan S Tucker, Harold D Green, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage
This paper investigated how depressive symptoms moderate the role of peer cannabis use on developmental patterns of individual cannabis use from adolescence to young adulthood, controlling for a broad set of individual and family factors. Data from two sources were analyzed separately: two saturated schools in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves I-III (N=1550) covering 1994-2001; and three schools in the CARBIN study, covering 2012-2014. Discrete mixture models identified developmental trajectories of cannabis use in each data source, and logit models linked network and depressive symptom information to the trajectories...
July 19, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735552/a-prospective-study-on-the-effect-of-sport-specialization-on-lower-extremity-injury-rates-in-high-school-athletes
#3
Timothy A McGuine, Eric G Post, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks, Stephanie Trigsted, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal lower extremity injuries (LEIs) in adolescent athletes presenting in clinical settings. However, sport specialization and the incidence of LEIs have not been investigated prospectively in a large population of adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if sport specialization was associated with an increased risk of LEIs in high school athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#4
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734971/robotic-assistance-confers-ambidexterity-to-laparoscopic-surgeons
#5
Souzana Choussein, Serene S Srouji, Leslie V Farland, Ashley Wietsma, Stacey A Missmer, Michael Hollis, Richard N Yu, Charles N Pozner, Antonio R Gargiulo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a robotic surgical platform can complement the fine motor skills of the non-dominant hand, compensating for the innate difference in dexterity between the surgeon's hands, thereby conferring virtual ambidexterity. DESIGN: Crossover intervention study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Level II-1 evidence. SETTING: Centers for medical simulation of two tertiary care hospitals of Harvard Medical School...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732799/monocausal-attribution-and-its-relationship-with-reasoning-biases-in-schizophrenia
#6
Steffen Moritz, Richard P Bentall, Katharina Kolbeck, Daniela Roesch-Ely
BACKGROUND: Aberrant attributional styles are counted to a set of circumscribed cognitive biases that are implicated in the pathogenesis of (paranoid) psychosis. However, evidence for a specific profile (e.g., an exaggerated self-serving bias, other-blaming bias) has become equivocal over the years. More recently, one-sided (monocausal) attributions have been reported in patients with psychosis. METHODS: We compared a large sample of patients with diagnosed schizophrenia (n=145) to nonclinical controls (n=30) on a revised version of the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire (IPSAQ-R)...
July 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#7
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#8
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730756/animal-assisted-psychotherapy-for-young-people-with-behavioural-problems-in-residential-care
#9
Alexander Muela, Nekane Balluerka, Nora Amiano, Miguel Angel Caldentey, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) programme on clinical symptoms, personal adjustment, and adaptive skills in a group of adolescents in residential care who had experienced childhood trauma and who presented mental health problems and difficulties adapting to the care home environment. The 87 participants (Mage  = 15.17, SD = 1.53) were divided into two groups: a treatment group (25 girls and 27 boys; Mage  = 15.00, SD = 1.55) and a control group (9 girls and 26 boys; Mage  = 15...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729215/development-of-the-parent-responses-to-school-functioning-questionnaire
#10
Brittany N Barber Garcia, Laura S Gray, Laura E Simons, Deirdre E Logan
Parents play an important role in supporting school functioning in youth with chronic pain, but no validated tools exists to assess parental responses to child and adolescent pain behaviors in the school context. Such a tool would be useful in identifying targets of change to reduce pain-related school impairment. The goal of this study was to develop and preliminarily validate the Parent Responses to School Functioning (PRSF) Questionnaire, a parent self-report measure of this construct. After initial expert review and pilot testing, the measure was administered to 418 parents of children (ages 6-17) seen for initial multidisciplinary chronic pain clinic evaluation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728759/school-nurses-experiences-and-perceptions-of-healthy-eating-school-environments
#11
Jean Muckian, Julia Snethen, Aaron Buseh
School nurses provide health promotion and health services within schools, as healthy children have a greater potential for optimal learning. One of the school nurses' role is in encouraging healthy eating and increasing the availability of fruits and vegetables in the school. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe school nurses' perceptions of their role in promoting increased fruit and vegetable consumption in the school setting. One avenue to increased availability of fruits and vegetables in schools is Farm to School programs mandated by the Federal government to improve the health of school children...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728637/drinking-location-and-drinking-culture-and-their-association-with-alcohol-use-among-girls-and-boys-in-europe
#12
Bettina Grüne, Daniela Piontek, Pawel Sleczka, Ludwig Kraus, Oliver Pogarell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) investigate the relationship between drinking location and adolescent alcohol use, (b) analyze the association of drinking culture indicators with alcohol use, and (c) explore interaction effects of drinking location and drinking culture indicators. METHOD: Analyses were based on the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). The analytical sample consisted of 15- to 16-year-old students (N = 36,366; 51...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728554/the-rise-and-fall-of-dental-therapy-in-canada-a-policy-analysis-and-assessment-of-equity-of-access-to-oral-health-care-for-inuit-and-first-nations-communities
#13
Victoria Leck, Glen E Randall
BACKGROUND: Inequality between most Canadians and those from Inuit and First Nations communities, in terms of both access to oral health care services and related health outcomes, has been a long-standing problem. Efforts to close this equity gap led to the creation of dental therapy training programs. These programs were designed to produce graduates who would provide services in rural and northern communities. The closure of the last dental therapy program in late 2011 has ended the supply of dental therapists and governments do not appear to have any alternative solutions to the growing gap in access to oral health care services between most Canadians and those from Inuit and First Nations communities...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727223/effect-of-abacus-training-on-executive-function-development-and-underlying-neural-correlates-in-chinese-children
#15
Chunjie Wang, Jian Weng, Yuan Yao, Shanshan Dong, Yuqiu Liu, Feiyan Chen
Executive function (EF) refers to a set of cognitive abilities involved in self-regulated behavior. Given the critical role of EF in cognition, strategies for improving EF have attracted intensive attention in recent years. Previous studies have explored the effects of abacus-based mental calculation (AMC) training on several cognitive abilities. However, it remains unclear whether AMC training affects EF and its neural correlates. In this study, participants were randomly assigned to AMC or control groups upon starting primary school...
July 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726534/an-occupational-therapy-and-teaching-partnership-applying-a-scholarship-of-practice-model
#16
Brian Fitzgerald, Siobhán MacCobb
Occupational therapists must generate knowledge and evidence that relates specifically to their practice context especially when there is a paucity of literature for emerging areas of practice. This paper describes the process of adopting a scholarship of practice approach with other professionals to generate evidence for practice in mainstream post primary school settings with students with social, emotional and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Scholarship of practice and clinical reasoning are closely intertwined as therapists generate evidence on their practice to make informed decisions and judgments...
July 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725642/medicaid-adult-dental-benefit-impact-on-dental-utilization-a-university-clinic-setting
#17
Lynn Doan, Tamanna Tiwari, Diane Brunson, Clifton M Carey
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the state of Colorado initiated new dental coverage benefits for adults in the Colorado Medicaid program. The goal of this study was to investigate the utilization and impact of this new dental coverage at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine. The utilization of dental services delivered and the numbers of patients in this program were compared before and after the implementation of the benefit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study compared the utilization of services provided 2 years prior and 2 years after the Medicaid adult benefit was made available...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#18
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725120/implementation-of-a-cooking-bus-intervention-to-support-cooking-in-schools-in-wales-uk
#19
Jeremy Segrott, Jo Holliday, Simon Murphy, Sarah Macdonald, Joan Roberts, Laurence Moore, Ceri Phillips
PURPOSE: The teaching of cooking is an important aspect of school-based efforts to promote healthy diets among children, and is frequently done by external agencies. Within a limited evidence base relating to cooking interventions in schools, there are important questions about how interventions are integrated within school settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine how a mobile classroom (Cooking Bus) sought to strengthen connections between schools and cooking, and drawing on the concept of the sociotechnical network, theorise the interactions between the Bus and school contexts...
2017: Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722640/the-role-of-risk-proximity-in-the-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-mosquito-borne-diseases-the-case-of-chikungunya-in-french-guiana
#20
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Pauline Obale, Philippe Quenel, Jocelyn Raude
Human behaviors are increasingly recognized to play a key role in the spread of infectious diseases. Although a set of social and cognitive determinants has been consistently found to affect the adoption of health protective behaviors aiming to control and prevent a variety of infections, little is currently known about the ecological drivers of these behaviors in epidemic settings. In this article, we took advantage of the outbreak of chikungunya, a reemerging mosquito-borne disease, that occurred in French Guiana in 2014-15 to test empirically the assumption proposed by Zielinski-Gutierrez and Hayden that the proximity of the disease and perceptions of the natural environment may considerably shape public response to an emerging health threat...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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