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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454228/prognostic-factors-of-long-term-outcome-in-surgically-resectable-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-12-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#1
Bo Zhou, Jixuan Duan, Sheng Yan, Jie Zhou, Shusen Zheng
The present study was performed to assess the prognostic factors with respect to patient survival and clinicopathological characteristics for patients who underwent surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). A retrospective review of patients pathologically diagnosed with PNETs at the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China) between September 2002 and September 2013 was conducted. The clinicopathological findings, overall survival (OS) rate and disease-free survival (DFS) rate of the patients with PNETs were analyzed...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453717/reaching-the-global-target-to-reduce-stunting-an-investment-framework
#2
Meera Shekar, Jakub Kakietek, Mary R D'Alimonte, Hilary E Rogers, Julia Dayton Eberwein, Jon Kweku Akuoku, Audrey Pereira, Shan Soe-Lin, Robert Hecht
Childhood stunting, being short for one's age, has life-long consequences for health, human capital and economic growth. Being stunted in early childhood is associated with slower cognitive development, reduced schooling attainment and adult incomes decreased by 5-53%. The World Health Assembly has endorsed global nutrition targets including one to reduce the number of stunted children under five by 40% by 2025. The target has been included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG target 2.2). This paper estimates the cost of achieving this target and develops scenarios for generating the necessary financing...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453399/monitoring-of-co-in-residences-with-bulk-wood-pellet-storage-in-the-northeast
#3
Alan Rossner, Carolyn E Jordan, Cameron Wake, Lydia Soto-Garcia
The interest in biomass fuel is continuing to expand globally and in the Northeastern US as wood pellets are becoming a primary source of fuel for residential and small commercial systems. Wood pellets for boilers are often stored in basement storage rooms or large bag type containers. Due to the enclosed nature of these storage areas, the atmosphere may exhibit increased levels of carbon monoxide. Serious accidents in Europe have been reported over the last decade in which high concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) have been found in or near bulk pellet storage containers...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449302/prescribing-safety-assessment-2016-delivery-of-a-national-prescribing-assessment-to-7-343-uk-final-year-medical-students
#4
Simon R J Maxwell, Jamie J Coleman, Lynne Bollington, Celia Taylor, David J Webb
AIM(S): Newly graduated doctors write a large proportion of prescriptions in UK hospitals but recent studies have shown that they frequently make prescribing errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016). METHODS: The PSA is a 2-hour online assessment comprising eight sections which cover various aspects of prescribing defined within the outcomes of undergraduate education identified by the UK General Medical Council...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449247/informant-discrepancy-defines-discrete-clinically-useful-autism-spectrum-disorder-subgroups
#5
Matthew D Lerner, Andres De Los Reyes, Deborah A G Drabick, Alan H Gerber, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: Discrepancy between informants (parents and teachers) in severity ratings of core symptoms commonly arise when assessing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether such discrepancy yields unique information about the ASD phenotype and its clinical correlates has not been examined. We examined whether degree of discrepancy between parent and teacher ASD symptom ratings defines discrete, clinically meaningful subgroups of youth with ASD using an efficient, cost-effective procedure...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#6
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448777/effect-of-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-on-medication-therapy-management-services-in-a-centralized-retail-pharmacy-program
#7
Joseph P Vande Griend, Melissa Rodgers, Wesley Nuffer
BACKGROUND: Medication therapy management (MTM) delivery is increasingly important in managed care. Successful delivery positively affects patient health and improves Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services star ratings, a measure of health plan quality. As MTM services continue to grow, there is an increased need for efficient and effective care models. The primary objectives of this project were to describe the delivery of MTM services by fourth-year Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) students in a centralized retail pharmacy system and to evaluate and quantify the clinical and financial contributions of the students...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448482/diabetes-self-management-education-programs-in-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#8
Stephanie A Rutledge, Svetlana Masalovich, Rachel J Blacher, Magon M Saunders
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a clinical practice intended to improve preventive practices and behaviors with a focus on decision-making, problem-solving, and self-care. The distribution and correlates of established DSME programs in nonmetropolitan counties across the United States have not been previously described, nor have the characteristics of the nonmetropolitan counties with DSME programs. REPORTING PERIOD: July 2016. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: DSME programs recognized by the American Diabetes Association or accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (i...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447922/are-you-being-served-the-relationship-between-school-climate-for-service-and-teachers-engagement-satisfaction-and-intention-to-leave-a-moderated-mediation-model
#9
Liat Eldor, Anat Shoshani
The notion of service has been receiving increasing attention in organizational psychology literature in recent years, due to the client-oriented managerial movement. Yet, little to no attention has been paid to the service notion in educational psychology despite its high relevance to educational settings, given the pressure to be more service-oriented and possess a client-focused state of mind. The present study explores the notion of service in school domains by examining the joint effects of climate for service and the internal service in schools on teachers' work attitudes: work engagement, job satisfaction, and intention to leave their work...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446885/the-impact-of-inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity-symptoms-and-executive-functions-on-learning-behaviors-of-children-with-adhd
#10
Carla Colomer, Carmen Berenguer, Belén Roselló, Inmaculada Baixauli, Ana Miranda
Children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk of experiencing lower academic achievement compared to their peers without ADHD. However, we have a limited understanding of the mechanisms underlying this association. Both the symptoms of the disorder and the executive functions can negatively influence learning behaviors, including motivation, attitude toward learning, or persistence, key aspects of the learning process. The first objective of this study was to compare different components of learning behaviors in children diagnosed with ADHD and typically developing (TD) children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446425/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-functional-constipation-in-adolescent-nigerians
#11
Ekong Emmanuel Udoh, Shaman Rajindrajith, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for functional constipation (FC) in adolescent Nigerians. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in rural and urban areas of two states in the southern part of Nigeria. Adolescents aged 10-18 years were recruited from 11 secondary schools, using a stratified random sampling technique. A validated self-administered questionnaire on Rome III criteria for diagnosing FC and its predisposing factors was filled by each participant in a classroom setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445223/the-four-tier-continuum-of-academic-and-behavioral-support-4t-cabs-model-an-integrated-model-for-medical-student-success
#12
Karen M Stegers-Jager, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Axel P N Themmen
Not all students cope successfully with the demands of medical school, and students' struggles may result in study delay or dropout. To prevent these outcomes, medical schools need to identify students who are experiencing academic difficul ;ties and provide them with timely interventions through access to support programs. Although the importance of early identification and intervention is well recognized, less is known about successful strategies for identifying and supporting struggling students.Building on the literature and their own empirical findings, the authors propose an integrated, school-wide model for medical student success comprising a continuum of academic and behavioral support...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445222/development-of-an-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-pep-protocol-for-trainees-engaging-in-academic-global-health-experiences
#13
Gitanjli Arora, Risa M Hoffman
PROBLEM: Global health (GH) education programs have become increasingly common in U.S. medical schools and graduate medical education programs, with growing numbers of medical students, residents, and fellows participating in clinical experiences in settings with high HIV prevalence and limited resources. However, there are no guidelines for provision of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) to trainees engaging in these academic GH experiences. APPROACH: Faculty of the Global Health Education Programs (GHEP) at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and GH partner institutions recognized the need for PEP access for trainees engaged in GH experiences...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444783/taiwanese-and-sri-lankan-students-dimensions-and-discourses-of-professionalism
#14
Lynn V Monrouxe, Madawa Chandratilake, Katherine Gosselin, Charlotte E Rees, Ming-Jung Ho
CONTEXT: The definition of medical professionalism poses a challenge to global medical educators. This is especially pronounced in settings where professionalism frameworks developed in the west are transferred into different cultures. Building upon our previous study across Western contexts, we examine Taiwanese and Sri Lankan medical students' conceptualisations of professionalism in terms of what professionalism comprises (i.e. dimensions) and how it is linguistically framed (i.e. discourses)...
April 25, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443345/engaging-school-mental-health-professionals-to-deliver-evidence-based-interventions-to-hispanic-families
#15
Maria I Tapia, Manuel A Ocasio, Yannine Estrada, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Research has demonstrated that a number of evidence-based programs can be effectively implemented in different community settings, such as schools, to target Hispanic youth and their families; however, successful implementation of such programs represents a challenge for practitioners. This article describes experiences and strategies associated with recruiting, training, and supervising school mental health professionals in the school-based implementation of an evidence-based, family-centered prevention program for Hispanic families...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443027/personalized-medication-response-prediction-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-learning-in-the-model-space-vs-learning-in-the-data-space
#16
Hin K Wong, Paul A Tiffin, Michael J Chappell, Thomas E Nichols, Patrick R Welsh, Orla M Doyle, Boryana C Lopez-Kolkovska, Sarah K Inglis, David Coghill, Yuan Shen, Peter Tiño
Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health disorders amongst school-aged children with an estimated prevalence of 5% in the global population (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Stimulants, particularly methylphenidate (MPH), are the first-line option in the treatment of ADHD (Reeves and Schweitzer, 2004; Dopheide and Pliszka, 2009) and are prescribed to an increasing number of children and adolescents in the US and the UK every year (Safer et al., 1996; McCarthy et al...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#17
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440125/palliative-care-education-for-medical-students-differences-in-course-evolution-organisation-evaluation-and-funding-a-survey-of-all-uk-medical-schools
#18
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: A proportion of newly qualified doctors report feeling unprepared to manage patients with palliative care and end-of-life needs. This may be related to barriers within their institution during undergraduate training. Information is limited regarding the current organisation of palliative care teaching across UK medical schools. AIMS: To investigate the evolution and structure of palliative care teaching at UK medical schools. DESIGN: Anonymised, web-based questionnaire...
June 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436833/proactive-control-in-early-and-middle-childhood-an-erp-study
#19
Sarah Elke, Sandra A Wiebe
Children experience important cognitive control improvements in the transition to school. This study examined 4-5-year-olds' (n=17) and 7-8-year-olds' (n=22) ability to proactively deploy cognitive control. Children performed a cued task-switching paradigm presenting them with a cue indicating which attribute, color or shape, they should use to sort the upcoming stimulus. Following both cue and stimulus, we analyzed two event-related potentials: the P2 and P3, positive peaks reflecting sensory and attentional components of cognitive control, respectively...
April 14, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436212/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-epidemiological-studies-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Satoko Mihara, Susumu Higuchi
AIM: The diagnostic criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) have been included in section III of DSM-5. This study aims to systematically review both cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiological studies of IGD. METHODS: All publications included in PubMed and PsychINFO up to May 2016 were systematically searched to identify cross-sectional studies on prevalence and longitudinal studies of IGD. In the process of identification, articles in non-English languages, and studies focusing solely on the use of gaming were excluded, and those meeting the methodological requirements set by this review were included...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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