keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mannitol

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909441/apple-f-box-protein-mdmax2-regulates-plant-photomorphogenesis-and-stress-response
#1
Jian-Ping An, Rui Li, Feng-Jia Qu, Chun-Xiang You, Xiao-Fei Wang, Yu-Jin Hao
MAX2 (MORE AXILLARY GROWTH2) is involved in diverse physiological processes, including photomorphogenesis, the abiotic stress response, as well as karrikin and strigolactone signaling-mediated shoot branching. In this study, MdMAX2, an F-box protein that is a homolog of Arabidopsis MAX2, was identified and characterized. Overexpression of MdMAX2 in apple calli enhanced the accumulation of anthocyanin. Ectopic expression of MdMAX2 in Arabidopsis exhibited photomorphogenesis phenotypes, including increased anthocyanin content and decreased hypocotyl length...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#2
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906426/continuous-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-for-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#3
S-X Yu, Q-S Zhang, Y Yin, Z Liu, J-M Wu, M-X Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the value of continuous dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage to predict early postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 80 patients treated in our hospital from February 2014 to February 2015 were analyzed. The patients all underwent decompressive craniectomies, and their ICP changes were monitored invasively and continuously for 1 to 7 days after surgery...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906037/integrated-therapy-for-hiv-and-cryptococcosis
#4
REVIEW
Sirawat Srichatrapimuk, Somnuek Sungkanuparph
Cryptococcosis has been one of the most common opportunistic infections and causes of mortality among HIV-infected patients, especially in resource-limited countries. Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common form of cryptococcosis. Laboratory diagnosis of cryptococcosis includes direct microscopic examination, isolation of Cryptococcus from a clinical specimen, and detection of cryptococcal antigen. Without appropriate treatment, cryptococcosis is fatal. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to treatment success...
November 29, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905883/carbohydrate-metabolism-in-oenococcus-oeni-a-genomic-insight
#5
Alice Cibrario, Claire Peanne, Marine Lailheugue, Hugo Campbell-Sills, Marguerite Dols-Lafargue
BACKGROUND: Oenococcus oeni is the bacterial species that drives malolactic fermentation in most wines. Several studies have described a high intraspecific diversity regarding carbohydrate degradation abilities but the link between the phenotypes and the genes and metabolic pathways has been poorly described. RESULTS: A collection of 41 strains whose genomic sequences were available and representative of the species genomic diversity was analyzed for growth on 18 carbohydrates relevant in wine...
December 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901120/complete-genome-sequence-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-a-novel-marine-strain-bacillus-weihaiensis-reveals-the-mechanism-of-brown-algae-degradation
#6
Yueming Zhu, Peng Chen, Yunjuan Bao, Yan Men, Yan Zeng, Jiangang Yang, Jibin Sun, Yuanxia Sun
A novel marine strain representing efficient degradation ability toward brown algae was isolated, identified, and assigned to Bacillus weihaiensis Alg07. The alga-associated marine bacteria promote the nutrient cycle and perform important functions in the marine ecosystem. The de novo sequencing of the B. weihaiensis Alg07 genome was carried out. Results of gene annotation and carbohydrate-active enzyme analysis showed that the strain harbored enzymes that can completely degrade alginate and laminarin, which are the specific polysaccharides of brown algae...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896339/intramolecular-dehydration-of-biomass-derived-sugar-alcohols-in-high-temperature-water
#7
Aritomo Yamaguchi, Natsumi Muramatsu, Naoki Mimura, Masayuki Shirai, Osamu Sato
The intramolecular dehydration of biomass-derived sugar alcohols d-sorbitol, d-mannitol, galactitol, xylitol, ribitol, l-arabitol, erythritol, l-threitol, and dl-threitol was investigated in high-temperature water at 523-573 K without the addition of any acid catalysts. d-Sorbitol and d-mannitol were dehydrated into isosorbide and isomannide, respectively, as dianhydrohexitol products. Galactitol was dehydrated into anhydrogalactitols; however, the anhydrogalactitols could not be dehydrated into dianhydrogalactitol products because of the orientation of the hydroxyl groups at the C-3 and C-6 positions...
November 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891055/imaging-guidance-improves-the-results-of-viscosupplementation-with-hanox-m-xl-in-patients-with-ankle-osteoarthritis-results-of-a-clinical-survey-in-50-patients-treated-in-daily-practice
#8
Marie Bossert, Daniel Boublil, Jean-Marc Parisaux, Ana-Maria Bozgan, Emmanuel Richelme, Thierry Conrozier
BACKGROUND: The objective of this survey was to assess retrospectively the interest of performing viscosupplementation using imaging guidance in patients suffering from ankle osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective survey using a standardized questionnaire. Fifty patients suffering from ankle OA and treated, in daily clinical practice, with a single intra-articular injection of a novel viscosupplement made of a combination of a non-animal cross-linked hyaluronan and mannitol, HANOX M-XL, were included in the survey...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889669/physicochemical-analysis-in-the-evaluation-of-reconstituted-dry-emulsion-tablets
#9
Noémi Anna Niczinger, Barnabás Kállai-Szabó, Miléna Lengyel, Péter Gordon, Imre Klebovich, István Antal
The aim of this study was to characterize the formation of emulsions by droplet size analysis and turbidimetry during reconstitution from a solid dosage form, namely from dry emulsion systems, which carry an oil phase for poorly soluble active ingredients. For the dry emulsion systems tablets were prepared either from oil-in-water systems using a freeze-drying process or through direct compression containing the same oil and excipients. The ratios of oil to emulgents and oil to xanthan gum were equal in both methods...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882330/aldh2-inhibition-potentiates-high-glucose-stress-induced-injury-in-cultured-cardiomyocytes
#10
Guodong Pan, Mandar Deshpande, Rajarajan A Thandavarayan, Suresh Selvaraj Palaniyandi
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) gene superfamily consists of 19 isozymes. They are present in various organs and involved in metabolizing aldehydes that are biologically generated. For instance, ALDH2, a cardiac mitochondrial ALDH isozyme, is known to detoxify 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, a reactive aldehyde produced upon lipid peroxidation in diabetic conditions. We hypothesized that inhibition of ALDH leads to the accumulation of unmetabolized 4HNE and consequently exacerbates injury in cells subjected to high glucose stress...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882156/clinical-effects-of-joint-application-of-%C3%AE-sodium-aescinate-and-mannitol-in-treating-early-swelling-after-upper-limb-trauma-surgery
#11
Bin Wang, Ruixiang Yang, Qing Ju, Shaofeng Liu, Yongchun Zhang, Yong Ma
The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical merits of joint application of β-sodium aescinate and mannitol for the treatment of early swelling of upper limb trauma after surgery. We verified whether the expression of serum aquaporin 1 (AQP-1) was involved in swelling mechanism. A total of 102 patients with swelling after upper limb trauma surgery were enrolled into the study and divided randomly into 3 groups (n=34 cases per group). Group A was treated with β-sodium aescinate; group B was treated with with mannitol and group C was treated with both β-sodium aescinate and mannitol...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881199/intestinal-permeability-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide-and-measured-by-lactulose-rhamnose-and-mannitol-sugars-in-chickens
#12
S Gilani, G S Howarth, S M Kitessa, C D Tran, R E A Forder, R J Hughes
Increased intestinal permeability (IP) can lead to compromised health. Limited in vivo IP research has been conducted in chickens. The objectives of the current study were to develop a model of increased IP utilizing lipopolysaccharide (LPS Escherichia coli O55:B5) and to evaluate IP changes using the lactulose, mannitol and rhamnose (LMR) sugar permeability test. In addition, fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran (FITC-d), d-lactate, zonula occludens (ZO-1) and diamine oxidase (DAO) permeability tests were employed...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879162/polyanion-tobramycin-nanocomplexes-into-functional-microparticles-for-the-treatment-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections-in-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Emanuela F Craparo, Barbara Porsio, Domenico Schillaci, Maria G Cusimano, Dario Spigolon, Gaetano Giammona, Gennara Cavallaro
AIM: Efficacy of antibiotics in cystic fibrosis (CF) is compromised by the poor penetration through mucus barrier. This work proposes a new 'nano-into-micro' approach, used to obtain a combinatorial effect: achieve a sustained delivery of tobramycin and overcome mucus barrier. METHODS: Mannitol microparticles (MPs) were loaded with a tobramycin polymeric nanocomplex and characterized in presence of CF artificial mucus. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: MPs are able to alter the rheological properties of CF artificial mucus, enhancing drug penetration into it and allowing a prolonged drug release...
November 23, 2016: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878581/magnesium-aminoclay-based-transformation-of-paenibacillus-riograndensis-and-paenibacillus-polymyxa-and-development-of-tools-for-gene-expression
#14
Luciana Fernandes Brito, Marta Irla, Tatjana Walter, Volker F Wendisch
Members of the genus Paenibacillus are widespread facultative anaerobic, endospore-forming bacteria. Some species such as Paenibacillus riograndensis or Paenibacillus polymyxa fix nitrogen and may play an important role in agriculture to reduce mineral nitrogen fertilization in particular for non-legume plants. The genetic manipulation of Paenibacillus is an imperative for the functional characterization, e.g., of its plant growth-promoting activities and metabolism. This study showed that P. riograndensis and P...
November 23, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869798/gluten-induced-symptoms-in-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-are-associated-with-increased-myosin-light-chain-kinase-activity-and-claudin-15-expression
#15
Richard L Wu, Maria I Vazquez-Roque, Paula Carlson, Duane Burton, Madhusudan Grover, Michael Camilleri, Jerrold R Turner
The mechanisms underlying diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) are poorly understood, but increased intestinal permeability is thought to contribute to symptoms. A recent clinical trial of gluten-free diet (GFD) demonstrated symptomatic improvement, relative to gluten-containing diet (GCD), which was associated with reduced intestinal permeability in non-celiac disease IBS-D patients. The aim of this study was to characterize intestinal epithelial tight junction composition in IBS-D before and after dietary gluten challenge...
November 21, 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869661/an-exploratory-investigation-of-endotoxin-levels-in-novice-long-distance-triathletes-and-the-effects-of-a-multi-strain-probiotic-prebiotic-antioxidant-intervention
#16
Justin D Roberts, Craig A Suckling, Georgia Y Peedle, Joseph A Murphy, Tony G Dawkins, Michael G Roberts
Gastrointestinal (GI) ischemia during exercise is associated with luminal permeability and increased systemic lipopolysaccharides (LPS). This study aimed to assess the impact of a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant intervention on endotoxin unit levels and GI permeability in recreational athletes. Thirty healthy participants (25 males, 5 females) were randomly assigned either a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant (LAB⁴ANTI; 30 billion CFU·day(-1) containing 10 billion CFU·day(-1)Lactobacillus acidophilus CUL-60 (NCIMB 30157), 10 billion CFU·day(-1)Lactobacillus acidophillus CUL-21 (NCIMB 30156), 9...
November 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867922/palliative-resection-of-metastatic-brain-tumors-previously-treated-by-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#17
Yoo Sung Jeon, Young-Cho Koh, Sang Woo Song, Joon Cho, So Dug Lim
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic approaches to brain metastases include surgery, whole-brain radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and combination therapy. Recently, postoperative or preoperative SRS draws more attention to reduce postoperative recurrence in brain metastases. The goal of this study is to review surgical outcome of patients who had been treated by SRS, and to discuss the effectiveness of preoperative SRS. METHODS: From 2009 to 2015, 174 patients were treated by SRS for brain metastases, and among these 50 patients underwent surgery...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863835/metabolites-profiling-reveals-for-antimicrobial-compositional-differences-and-action-mechanism-in-the-toothbrushing-stick-miswak-salvadora-persica
#18
Mohamed A Farag, Sherifa Fahmy, Mouchira A Choucry, Mariam O Wahdan, Mahmoud Fahmi Elsebai
Among many plant species suitable for preparing toothbrushing sticks, miswak (Salvadora persica, family Salvadoraceae) is found the most effective tool for oral hygiene. S. persica possesses antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects against oral microbes, mostly due to its benzyl isothiocyanate content. To provide insight into S. persica chemical composition, volatile constituents from roots and stems of S. persica grown in Egypt and Saudi Arabia were profiled using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863663/preparation-of-theophylline-inhalable-microcomposite-particles-by-wet-milling-and-spray-drying-the-influence-of-mannitol-as-a-co-milling-agent
#19
Maria Malamatari, Satyanarayana Somavarapu, Kyriakos Kachrimanis, Mark Bloxham, Kevin M G Taylor, Graham Buckton
Inhalable theophylline particles with various amounts of mannitol were prepared by combining wet milling in isopropanol followed by spray drying. The effect of mannitol as a co-milling agent on the micromeritic properties, solid state and aerosol performance of the engineered particles was investigated. Crystal morphology modelling and geometric lattice matching calculations were employed to gain insight into the intermolecular interactions that may influence the mechanical properties of theophylline and mannitol...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857907/clinical-outcome-of-acute-epidural-hematoma-in-korea-preliminary-report-of-285-cases-registered-in-the-korean-trauma-data-bank-system
#20
Young Ha Jeong, Ji Woong Oh, Sungmin Cho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary collaborative study was to assess the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of epidural hematoma (EDH) based on the data collected and registered in the Korean Trauma Data Bank System (KTDBS). METHODS: Of 2,698 patients registered in the KTDBS between September 2010 and March 2014, 285 patients with EDH were analyzed. Twenty-three trauma centers participated in the study voluntarily to collect data. We subcategorized the patients into two groups with good and poor outcomes...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
keyword
keyword
27322
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"