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Cheal Wung Huh, Sung Ill Jang, Beom Jin Lim, Hee Wook Kim, Jae Keun Kim, Jun Sung Park, Ja Kyung Kim, Se Joon Lee, Dong Ki Lee
Common bile duct (CBD) stones are generally associated with greater elevations of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels than aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels. However, some patients with CBD stones show markedly increased aminotransferase levels, sometimes leading to the misdiagnosis of liver disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features of patients with CBD stones and high aminotransferase levels.This prospective cohort study included 882 patients diagnosed with CBD stones using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xu Han, Zhihui Cheng, Huanwen Meng
BACKGROUND: Garlic (Allium sativum L.) stalk is a byproduct of garlic production that is normally thought of as waste but is now considered to be a useful biological resource. It is necessary to utilise this resource efficiently and reasonably to reduce environmental pollution and achieve sustainable agricultural development. RESULTS: The effect of decomposed garlic stalk for different durations was investigated in this study using wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa var...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Alessio Ippolito, Roberto Giacchini, Paolo Parenti, Marco Vighi
Biomarkers have been widely employed in ecotoxicology as early warning indicators of exposure to toxicants. Very often, they are used to compare reference and polluted sites, or to analyse time trends. However, very few studies focus on the natural variability range of biomarkers in the environment, which is pivotal to understand if the detected differences are actually determined by any adverse effects due to pollution. This work assesses the natural spatio-temporal variability of some enzymatic levels, frequently used as biomarkers, in freshwater benthic invertebrates...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hye-Jin Park, Kang-Woo Lee, Eun S Park, Stephanie Oh, Run Yan, Jie Zhang, Thomas G Beach, Charles H Adler, Michael Voronkov, Steven P Braithwaite, Jeffry B Stock, M Maral Mouradian
OBJECTIVE: Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric holoenzyme composed of a catalytic C subunit, a structural A subunit, and one of several regulatory B subunits that confer substrate specificity. The assembly and activity of PP2A are regulated by reversible methylation of the C subunit. α-Synuclein, which aggregates in Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), is phosphorylated at Ser129, and PP2A containing a B55α subunit is a major phospho-Ser129 phosphatase...
October 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
J Hu, X Y Zou, H Zhuang, X J Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of three root canal sealers with respect to time on biocompatibility of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs).The sealers included zinc oxide and eugenol based sealers (ZOE), epoxy resin sealers (ERS) and silicone based sealers (SBS). METHODS: hPDLCs were primarily cultured,with the method combining of tissue explant and enzymatic digestion. The cells were then exposed to different extract fluids: (1) ZOE extracted for 24 h group ;(2) ZOE extracted for 1 week group;(3)ZOE extracted for 2 weeks group;(4) ERS extracted after 24 h group; (5) ERS extracted after 1 week group; (6) ERS extracted after 2 weeks group; (7) SBS extracted after 24 h group; (8) SBS extracted after 1 week group; (9) SBS extracted after 2 weeks group; (10) Dulbecco modified Eagle's medium/F12 (DMEM/F12) as negative control group...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
J Xu, B J Hartley, P Kurup, A Phillips, A Topol, M Xu, C Ononenyi, E Foscue, S-M Ho, T D Baguley, N Carty, C S Barros, U Müller, S Gupta, P Gochman, J Rapoport, J A Ellman, C Pittenger, B Aronow, A C Nairn, M W Nestor, P J Lombroso, K J Brennand
The brain-specific tyrosine phosphatase, STEP (STriatal-Enriched protein tyrosine Phosphatase) is an important regulator of synaptic function. STEP normally opposes synaptic strengthening by increasing N-methyl D-aspartate glutamate receptor (NMDAR) internalization through dephosphorylation of GluN2B and inactivation of the kinases extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and Fyn. Here we show that STEP61 is elevated in the cortex in the Nrg1(+/-) knockout mouse model of schizophrenia (SZ). Genetic reduction or pharmacological inhibition of STEP prevents the loss of NMDARs from synaptic membranes and reverses behavioral deficits in Nrg1(+/-) mice...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Hao-Wei Teng, Man-Hsin Hung, Li-Ju Chen, Mao-Ju Chang, Feng-Shu Hsieh, Ming-Hsien Tsai, Jui-Wen Huang, Chih-Lung Lin, Hsiang-Wen Tseng, Zong-Keng Kuo, Jeng-Kai Jiang, Shung-Haur Yang, Chung-Wai Shiau, Kuen-Feng Chen
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is known to promote the pathogenesis of diabetes and obesity by negatively regulating insulin and leptin pathways, but its role associated with colon carcinogenesis is still under debate. In this study, we demonstrated the oncogenic role of PTP1B in promoting colon carcinogenesis and predicting worse clinical outcomes in CRC patients. By co-immunoprecipitation, we showed that PITX1 was a novel substrate of PTP1B. Through direct dephosphorylation at Y160, Y175 and Y179, PTP1B destabilized PITX1, which resulted in downregulation of the PITX1/p120RasGAP axis...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hua Jing, Jun-Xia Zhu, Hui-Fu Wang, Wei Zhang, Zhan-Jie Zheng, Ling-Li Kong, Chen-Chen Tan, Zi-Xuan Wang, Lin Tan, Lan Tan
Inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase (INPP5D) was reported to be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) through modulating the inflammatory process and immune response. A recent genome-wide association study discovered a new locus single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs35349669) of INPP5D which was significantly associated with susceptibility to late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) in Caucasians. In this study, we investigated the relations between the INPP5D polymorphism rs35349669 and LOAD in Han Chinese population comprising 984 LOAD cases and 1352 healthy controls being matched for age and gender...
October 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Joyce Bischoff, Guillem Casanovas, Jill Wylie-Sears, Dae-Hee Kim, Philipp Bartko, J Guerrero, Jacob Dal-Bianco, Jonathan Beaudoin, Michael Garcia, Suzanne Sullivan, Margo Seybolt, Brittan Morris, Joshua Keegan, Whitney Irvin, Elena Aikawa, Robert Levine
RATIONALE: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), a complication after myocardial infarction (MI), induces adaptive mitral valve (MV) responses that may be initially beneficial, but eventually lead to leaflet fibrosis and MV dysfunction. We sought to examine the MV endothelial response and its potential contribution to IMR. OBJECTIVE: Endothelial, interstitial and hematopoietic cells in MVs from post-MI sheep were quantified. MV endothelial CD45, found post-MI, was analyzed in vitro...
October 6, 2016: Circulation Research
Ye Yuan, John D Meeker, Kelly K Ferguson
Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) has been associated with various adverse health outcomes related to liver, neural and endocrine systems. Some of these may be the result of PBDE-induced oxidative stress or inflammation, but these associations have been explored minimally in humans. In the present study we examined the relationship between PBDE concentrations and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation measured in blood samples among a representative US sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
October 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Hatice Baş, Dilek Pandır, Suna Kalender
Furan forms as a result of thermal treatment of food and induces harmful effects on organisms. In our work, lycopene, furan, and a combination of the two were given to diabetic male rats for 28 days. Hematological changes, total protein and cholesterol, triglyceride, and albumin levels, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase activities of the serum, malondialdehyde levels, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase, superoxide dismutase activities, DNA damage in liver tissues and hepatic histopathological alterations were compared to a control group...
September 1, 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Jiaquan Luo, Yu Zhong, Sheng Huang, Liangping Li, Chi Zhang, Xuenong Zou
Ginkgolide B (GB) is one of the ginkgolides isolated from the leaves of the Ginkgo biloba tree. Our previous study indicated that GB promotes the proliferation, migration and adhesion of endothelial progenitor cells, and the induction of angiogenesis through vascular endothelial factor (VEGF). In the present study, the effects of GB on the differentiation of MC3T3‑E1 cells and the signaling pathway involved were investigated in vitro. The MC3T3‑E1 cell viability activities were assessed using an MTS assay...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Dan Xu, Ying Lyu, Xiaowen Chen, Xiaoyu Zhu, Jinqiu Feng, Yajun Xu
Fructus ligustri Lucidi (FLL) is the fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait and a traditional Chinese medicine, primarily known for its role in osteoporosis prevention and treatment. The present study aimed to elucidate the effect and underlying mechanism of action of ethanol extract of FLL on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption, and to identify the active compounds within it. RAW264.7 murine monocyte/macrophage cells were stimulated with the receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) to induce osteoclast differentiation in vitro...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Limin Liu, Lin Chen, Zhihui Mai, Zhuli Peng, Kafung Yu, Guanqi Liu, Hong Ai
The role of myosin light chain II (MLC‑II) in cellular differentiation of rat mandibular condylar chondrocytes (MCCs) induced by cyclical uniaxial compressive stress (CUCS) remains unclear. In the current study, a four‑point bending system was used to apply CUCS to primary cultured MCCs from rats. It was identified that CUCS stimulated features of cellular differentiation including morphological alterations, cytoskeleton rearrangement and overproduction of proteoglycans. Furthermore, CUCS promoted runt‑related transcription factor‑2 (RUNX2) expression at mRNA (P<0...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Masaaki Ikeda, Yoshitaka Yoshimura, Takashi Kikuiri, Mino Matsuno, Tomokazu Hasegawa, Kumu Fukushima, Takako Hayakawa, Hajime Minamikawa, Kuniaki Suzuki, Junichiro Iida
Bone remodeling is an important factor in orthodontic tooth movement. During orthodontic treatment, osteoclasts are subjected to various mechanical stimuli, and this promotes or inhibits osteoclast differentiation and fusion. It has been previously reported that the release from tensile force induces osteoclast differentiation. However, little is known about how release from compressive force affects osteoclasts. The present study investigated the effects of release from compressive force on osteoclasts. The number of tartrate‑resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)‑positive multinucleated osteoclasts derived from RAW264...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Sarah A Altınoğlu, Ming Wang, Kathleen Q Li, Yuyang Li, Qiaobing Xu
The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor, mutated or inactive in a large percentage of human cancers. Restoring PTEN activity in cancer cells through gene therapy has shown to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis, particularly in cells with a PTEN deficiency. Gene therapy, however, comes with some inherent risks such as triggering an immune response and permanent off target effects. Nanoparticle assisted protein delivery could mitigate these liabilities while maintaining therapeutic integrity...
October 17, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Rachael L Cohen, Russell L Margolis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 12 (SCA12) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by tremor, gait abnormalities, and neuropsychiatric syndromes. The location of the causative CAG/CTG expansion mutation in PPP2R2B, a gene encoding regulatory units of the protein phosphatase 2A, may provide unique insights into the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration. RECENT FINDINGS: The first neuropathological examination of a brain from an SCA12 patient revealed both cerebellar and cerebral cortical atrophy, with a noted loss of Purkinje cells and no evidence of polyglutamine aggregates...
September 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
JiHui Ju, JianLong Wu, RuiXing Hou
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury often occurs during skin flap transplantation and results in tissue damage. Although estrogen treatment significantly alleviates this I/R injury-induced damage, the detailed molecular mechanism is not clear. In this study, a superficial epigastric artery flap I/R injury model was created in adult Wistar rats. Severe necrosis was observed in skin tissue after I/R injury. Histological examination of skin tissue revealed that I/R injury damages skin structure and results in neutrophil infiltration...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Annu Makker, Madhu Mati Goel, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Vikram Bhatia, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite their high occurrence and associated significant level of morbidity manifesting as spectrum of clinical symptoms, the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas (ULs) remains unclear. We investigated expression profile of tumour suppressor genes PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten) and LKB1 (liver kinase B1), and key signaling components of P13K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)/Akt (protein kinase B)/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway in leiomyomas and adjacent normal myometrium in women of reproductive age, to explore the possibility of targeting this pathway for future therapeutic implications...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Ling Nie, Jing-Hong Zhao, Jiang Wang, Rong Song, Shan-Jun Zhu
Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) play a key role in cardiac fibrosis by regulating the balance between extracellular matrix synthesis and breakdown. Although phosphatase and tensin homologue on chromosome 10 (PTEN) has been found to play an important role in cardiovascular disease, it is not clear whether PTEN is involved in functional regulation of CFs. In the present study, PTEN was overexpressed in neonatal rat CFs via recombinant adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. The effects of PTEN overexpression on cell-cycle progression and angiotensin II- (Ang II-) mediated regulation of collagen metabolism, synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases, and Akt/P27 signaling were investigated...
2016: BioMed Research International
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