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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352164/determinants-of-breast-size-in-asian-women
#1
Li Yan Lim, Peh Joo Ho, Jenny Liu, Wen Yee Chay, Min-Han Tan, Mikael Hartman, Jingmei Li
Breast size as a risk factor of breast cancer has been studied extensively with inconclusive results. Here we examined the associations between breast size and breast cancer risk factors in 24,353 Asian women aged 50 to 64 years old enrolled in a nationwide mammography screening project conducted between October 1994 and February 1997. Information on demographic and reproductive factors was obtained via a questionnaire. Breast size was ascertained as bust line measured at study recruitment and total breast area measured from a mammogram...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349758/is-dcis-overrated
#2
Joshua Feinberg, Rachel Wetstone, Dana Greenstein, Patrick Borgen
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the noninvasive form of breast cancer (BC), comprises just over 20% of breast cancer cases diagnosed each year in the USA. Most patients are treated with local excision of the disease followed by whole breast radiation therapy. Total mastectomy is not an uncommon approach, and total mastectomy with a contralateral risk-reducing mastectomy has been on the rise in the past decade. In estrogen receptor-positive disease, patients are often offered endocrine ablative therapy with a selective estrogen receptor modulator or an aromatase inhibitor as both treatment and prevention...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349756/breast-cancer-screening-the-debate-that-never-ends
#3
Sarah M Friedewald
Screening mammography has been shown to decrease breast cancer deaths through randomized controlled trials. However, there remains significant debate surrounding the most appropriate time to commence screening and the optimal screening interval. Several national organizations have recently updated their guidelines by reanalyzing the published data. Interestingly, each organization has come to different conclusions regarding their recommendation for breast cancer screening in the average risk woman. Three of the main organizations that issue guidelines for breast cancer screening in the United States are reviewd in this chapter...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347864/dense-breast-notification-laws-impact-on-downstream-imaging-after-screening-mammography
#4
Michal Horný, Alan B Cohen, Richard Duszak, Cindy L Christiansen, Michael Shwartz, James F Burgess
Dense breast tissue is a common finding that decreases the sensitivity of mammography in detecting cancer. Many states have recently enacted dense breast notification (DBN) laws to provide patients with information to help them make better-informed decisions about their health. To test whether DBN legislation affected the probability of screening mammography follow-up by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we examined the proportion of times screening mammography was followed by ultrasound or MRI for a series of months pre- and post-legislation...
January 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346854/high-participation-rate-in-mammography-screening-experience-from-croatia
#5
Zrinka Puharić, Mirna Žulec, Ivana Ceronja, Andrea Šupe Parun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344009/evaluation-of-nipple-aspirate-fluid-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-early-detection-of-breast-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Sadr-Ul Shaheed, Catherine Tait, Kyriacos Kyriacou, Richard Linforth, Mohamed Salhab, Chris Sutton
There has been tremendous progress in detection of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, resulting in two-thirds of women surviving more than 20 years after treatment. However, breast cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in premenopausal women. Breast cancer is increasing in younger women due to changes in life-style as well as those at high risk as carriers of mutations in high-penetrance genes. Premenopausal women with breast cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive tumours and therefore have a lower survival rate...
2018: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342379/elimination-of-cost-sharing-for-screening-mammography-in-medicare-advantage-plans
#7
Amal N Trivedi, Bryan Leyva, Yoojin Lee, Orestis A Panagiotou, Issa J Dahabreh
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) required most insurers and the Medicare program to eliminate cost sharing for screening mammography. METHODS: We conducted a difference-in-differences study of biennial screening mammography among 15,085 women 65 to 74 years of age in 24 Medicare Advantage plans that eliminated cost sharing to provide full coverage for screening mammography, as compared with 52,035 women in 48 matched control plans that had and maintained full coverage...
January 18, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342291/portuguese-study-of-mean-glandular-dose-in-mammography-and-comparison-with-european-references
#8
Cláudia Sá Dos Reis, Mário João Fartaria, João H Garcia Alves, Ana Pascoal
To characterise the mean glandular dose (MGD) in a sample of healthcare providers for digital mammography in Portugal. To compare the achieved values with European references. The MGD was measured on a poly-methyl-methacrylate phantom (45 mm) for each system using dosimeters. In addition, MGD was estimated using exposure settings collected from mammography exams in clinical context. Data were collected from 25 computed-radiography systems (CR) and 13 integrated digital (DR). For both measurements (phantom and clinical exposures), the average MGD for CR was higher compared to the DR...
January 12, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341851/underutilization-of-supplemental-magnetic-resonance-imaging-screening-among-patients-at-high-breast-cancer-risk
#9
Randy Miles, Fei Wan, Tracy L Onega, Amanda Lenderink-Carpenter, Ellen S O'Meara, Weiwei Zhu, Louise M Henderson, Jennifer S Haas, Deirdre A Hill, Anna N A Tosteson, Karen J Wernli, Jennifer Alford-Teaster, Janie M Lee, Constance D Lehman, Christoph I Lee
BACKGROUND: Women at high lifetime breast cancer risk may benefit from supplemental breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening, in addition to routine mammography screening for earlier cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 422,406 women undergoing routine mammography screening across 86 Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) facilities during calendar year 2012. We determined availability and use of on-site screening breast MRI services based on woman-level characteristics, including >20% lifetime absolute risk using the National Cancer Institute risk assessment tool...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339357/family-history-and-risk-of-second-primary-breast-cancer-after-in-situ-breast-carcinoma
#10
Michelle L Baglia, Mei-Tzu C Tang, Kathleen E Malone, Peggy Porter, Christopher I Li
BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of in situ breast carcinomas have increased due to widespread adoption of mammography. Very little is known about why some women with in situ breast cancer later develop second primary breast cancers. METHODS: In this population-based nested case-control study among in situ breast cancer survivors, including 539 cases with a second primary breast cancer and 994 matched controls, we evaluated the association between first degree family history of breast cancer and risk of developing a second primary breast cancer...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338539/primary-care-provider-experience-with-breast-density-legislation-in-massachusetts
#11
Christine M Gunn, Nancy R Kressin, Kristina Cooper, Cinthya Marturano, Karen M Freund, Tracy A Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Dense breasts on mammography independently increases breast cancer risk and decreases mammography sensitivity. Thirty-two states have adopted notification laws to raise awareness among women with dense breasts about supplemental screening. Little is known about these policies' impact on clinical practice among primary care providers (PCPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores PCP attitudes, knowledge, and the impact of the Massachusetts dense breast notification legislation on clinical practice after its enactment in 2015...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338480/the-role-of-screening-mammography-in-the-era-of-modern-breast-cancer-treatment
#12
A B Miller
The evidence is reviewed on the efficacy and effectiveness of mammography screening derived from randomized screening trials and from the surveillance of populations where mammography screening for breast cancer has been introduced. Nearly all the trials were performed in the era before modern adjuvant therapy for breast cancer was introduced, apart from the Canadian National Breast Screening Study and the UK Age trial. The former found no benefit from annual mammography screening for 5 years in women age 40-59 years, the latter, a non-significant benefit from screening women by annual mammography for 7 years from ages 39 to 41 years...
January 17, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338316/retroareolar-masses-and-intraductal-abnormalities-detected-on-screening-ultrasound-can-biopsy-be-avoided
#13
Yang Guo, Madhavi Raghu, Melissa Durand, Regina Hooley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the malignancy rate of retroareolar masses and intraductal abnormalities discovered in asymptomatic women during screening whole breast ultrasound (US-S) and determine if biopsy can be avoided. METHODS: This is a HIPAA compliant retrospective study. Our radiology electronic medical records were searched for the phrases "retroareolar mass" or "intraductal mass" combined with "screening whole breast ultrasound" performed between 10/1/2009 to 5/30/2015...
January 17, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337068/the-impact-of-compression-force-and-pressure-at-prevalent-screening-on-subsequent-re-attendance-in-a-national-screening-program
#14
Nataliia Moshina, Sofie Sebuødegård, Åsne S Holen, Gunvor G Waade, Kaitlyn Tsuruda, Solveig Hofvind
Adherence to screening may indirectly help assess whether a prior screening examination deters women from returning for a subsequent examination. We investigated whether compression force and pressure in mammography were associated with re-attendance among prevalently screened women in the organized breast cancer screening program in BLINDED. Data on compression force (kg) and pressure (kPa) from women's first screening examination in the program (prevalent screening) and subsequent re-attendance were available for 31,225 women aged 50-68, screened during 2007-2013...
January 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331770/women-s-satisfaction-with-mammography-and-predictors-of-participation-in-an-organized-breast-cancer-screening-program-perspectives-of-a-local-health-unit-in-rome
#15
B Unim, R Boggi, M Napoli, R Fulgenzi, A Landi, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate satisfaction with the mammography service of the Local Health Unit RMA (Rome, Lazio Region) among women who have attended the program and to identify the predictors of participation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A telephone-based questionnaire was administered to women eligible for mammography screening. The respondents were randomly selected and interviewed by the health center staff...
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330754/systematic-review-of-mammography-screening-educational-interventions-for-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states
#16
REVIEW
John S Luque, Ayaba Logan, Grace Soulen, Kent E Armeson, Danielle M Garrett, Caroline B Davila, Marvella E Ford
In the United States (U.S.), Hispanics experience breast cancer disparities. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among Hispanic women, and Hispanic women receive mammography screening at lower rates than some other ethnic groups. This low rate of screening mammography is associated with increased risk for possible late-stage diagnosis and lower survival rates. Educational interventions could play a role in increasing screening mammography rates among Hispanic women. This systematic review synthesized the current literature on educational interventions to increase mammography screening among Hispanic women...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329701/automatic-information-extraction-from-unstructured-mammography-reports-using-distributed-semantics
#17
Anupama Gupta, Imon Banerjee, Daniel L Rubin
To date, the methods developed for automated extraction of information from radiology reports are mainly rule-based or dictionary-based, and, therefore, require substantial manual effort to build these systems. Recent efforts to develop automated systems for entity detection have been undertaken, but little work has been done to automatically extract relations and their associated named entities in narrative radiology reports that have comparable accuracy to rule-based methods. Our goal is to extract relations in a unsupervised way from radiology reports without specifying prior domain knowledge...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328943/interval-breast-cancers-in-the-screening-with-tomosynthesis-or-standard-mammography-storm-population-based-trial
#18
Nehmat Houssami, Daniela Bernardi, Francesca Caumo, Silvia Brunelli, Carmine Fantò, Marvi Valentini, Giovanna Romanucci, Maria A Gentilini, Manuel Zorzi, Petra Macaskill
BACKGROUND & METHODS: The prospective 'screening with tomosynthesis or standard mammography' (STORM) trial recruited women participating in biennial breast screening in Italy (2011-2012), and compared sequential screen-readings based on 2D-mammography alone or based on tomosynthesis (integrated 2D/3D-mammography). The STORM trial showed that tomosynthesis screen-reading significantly increased breast cancer detection compared to 2D-mammography alone. The present study completes reporting of the trial by examining interval breast cancers ascertained at two year follow-up...
January 9, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324950/social-determinants-of-health-related-to-adhesion-to-mammography-screening
#19
Camila Brasil Moreira, Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Rosy Denyse Pinheiro de Oliveira, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: To identify proximal, intermediary and individual social determinants related to mammography adherence, according to the Social Determinants of Health model proposed by Dahlgren and Whitehead. Method: Correlational cross-sectional study, carried out with a sociodemographic and clinical data questionnaire and the Champion's Health Belief Model Scale, translated and adapted for use in Brazil. Data analyzed by multiple linear regression, from the domains scale, and sociodemographic and clinical variables were used as predictors...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323669/cost-effectiveness-and-comparative-effectiveness-of-cancer-risk-management-strategies-in-brca1-2-mutation-carriers-a-systematic-review
#20
Lara Petelin, Alison H Trainer, Gillian Mitchell, Danny Liew, Paul A James
PurposeTo review the evidence for the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cancer risk management interventions for BRCA carriers.MethodsComparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness analyses were identified by searching scientific and health economic databases. Eligible studies modeled the impact of a cancer risk management intervention in BRCA carriers on life expectancy (LE), cancer incidence, or quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), with or without costs.ResultsTwenty-six economic evaluations and eight comparative effectiveness analyses were included...
January 11, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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