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Mammograms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740781/direct-to-implant-reconstruction-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-patient-selection-by-preoperative-digital-mammogram
#1
Alberto O Rancati, Claudio H Angrigiani, Dennis C Hammond, Maurizio B Nava, Eduardo G Gonzalez, Julio C Dorr, Gustavo F Gercovich, Nicola Rocco, Roman L Rostagno
BACKGROUND: Digital mammography clearly distinguishes gland tissue density from the overlying nonglandular breast tissue coverage, which corresponds to the existing tissue between the skin and the superficial layer of the fascia superficialis surrounding the gland (i.e., dermis and subcutaneous fat). Preoperative digital imaging can determine the thickness of this breast tissue coverage, thus facilitating planning and reducing the rate of necrotic complications after direct to implant (DTI) reconstruction in nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM)...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734752/long-term-effect-of-oncoplastic-breast-conserving-surgery-using-latissimus-dorsi-miniflaps-on-mammographic-surveillance-and-the-detection-of-local-recurrence
#2
S Mele, D Wright, N Paramanathan, S Laws, L Peiris, R Rainsbury
INTRODUCTION: Latissimus dorsi miniflap is a breast-conserving volume replacement technique for the reconstruction of large breast defects. While mammographic features of miniflap reconstruction have been described, little is known about the incidence, mode of presentation and size of local recurrence after this procedure. This study aimed to investigate the impact of latissimus dorsi miniflap reconstruction on the frequency, presentation and detection of local recurrence. METHODS: Clinical, radiological and pathological data were reviewed in 261 patients...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726117/applying-a-new-bilateral-mammographic-density-segmentation-method-to-improve-accuracy-of-breast-cancer-risk-prediction
#3
Shiju Yan, Yunzhi Wang, Faranak Aghaei, Yuchen Qiu, Bin Zheng
PURPOSE: How to optimally detect bilateral mammographic asymmetry and improve risk prediction accuracy remains a difficult and unsolved issue. Our aim was to find an effective mammographic density segmentation method to improve accuracy of breast cancer risk prediction. METHODS: A dataset including 168 negative mammography screening cases was used. We applied a mutual threshold to bilateral mammograms of left and right breasts to segment the dense breast regions...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717760/pilot-survey-of-breast-cancer-management-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Verna D N K Vanderpuye, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo
PURPOSE: To understand the current state of breast cancer management in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous online survey of breast cancer management among African Organization for Research and Treatment in Cancer (AORTIC) members by using a 42-question structured questionnaire in both English and French in 2013. RESULTS: Twenty members from 19 facilities in 14 countries responded to the survey. Twelve members (60%) belonged to a multidisciplinary breast cancer team...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717699/opportunistic-breast-cancer-education-and-screening-in-rural-honduras
#5
Linda S Kennedy, Suyapa A Bejarano, Tracy L Onega, Derek S Stenquist, Mary D Chamberlin
PURPOSE: In Honduras, the breast cancer burden is high, and access to women's health services is low. This project tested the connection of community-based breast cancer detection with clinical diagnosis and treatment in a tightly linked and quickly facilitated format. METHODS: The Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth College partnered with the Honduran cancer hospital La Liga Contra el Cancer to expand a cervical cancer screening program, which included self-breast exam (SBE) education and clinical breast exams (CBEs), to assess patient attitudes about and uptake of breast cancer education and screening services...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713173/a-standard-mammography-unit-standard-3d-ultrasound-probe-fusion-prototype-first-results
#6
Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud, Peter A Fasching, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Marius Wunderle, Paul Gass, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Julius Emons
AIM: The combination of different imaging modalities through the use of fusion devices promises significant diagnostic improvement for breast pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and clinical feasibility of a prototype fusion device (fusion prototype) constructed from a standard tomosynthesis mammography unit and a standard 3D ultrasound probe using a new method of breast compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging was performed on 5 mastectomy specimens from patients with confirmed DCIS or invasive carcinoma (BI-RADS (™) 6)...
June 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710582/comparison-of-digital-mammography-and-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-in-the-detection-of-architectural-distortion
#7
Elizabeth H Dibble, Ana P Lourenco, Grayson L Baird, Robert C Ward, A Stanley Maynard, Martha B Mainiero
OBJECTIVES: To compare interobserver variability (IOV), reader confidence, and sensitivity/specificity in detecting architectural distortion (AD) on digital mammography (DM) versus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). METHODS: This IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant reader study used a counterbalanced experimental design. We searched radiology reports for AD on screening mammograms from 5 March 2012-27 November 2013. Cases were consensus-reviewed. Controls were selected from demographically matched non-AD examinations...
July 14, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709150/mammography-and-ultrasound-effective-features-in-differentiating-basal-like-and-normal-like-subtypes-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#8
Zeng Zeng, Chun Jie Hou, Qiao Hong Hu, Ying Liu, Ceng Wang, Ran Wei, Xiao Ming Fan
The aim of our study was to find effective features of mammography and ultrasound in differentiating Basal-like breast cancer (BBC) and Normal-like breast cancer (NBC), two subtypes of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). From January 2014 to March 2017, we retrospectively reviewed 91 patients who were pathologically confirmed as TNBC. According to immunohistochemical cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6) and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), TNBCs were classified into BBCs group and NBCs group. Both CK5/6 and EGFR were negative defined to be NBC, whereas if any of CK5/6 or EGFR was positive then defined as BBC...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706406/health-related-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-breast-cancer-screening
#9
Joke Schoofs, Katrien Krijger, Jan Vandevoorde, Dirk Devroey
INTRODUCTION: In Belgium, an effective preventive program for breast cancer exists but as in many countries to few women participates in the screening. This study aims to describe the factors that affect the participation in the national breast cancer screening program. METHODS: The participants were aged between 50 and 69 years and were recruited during an exhibition at the Brussels Exhibition Centre. Medical history and health-related parameters of the participants were recorded...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702890/adiposity-during-early-adulthood-changes-in-adiposity-during-adulthood-attained-adiposity-and-mammographic-density-among-premenopausal-women
#10
Aliya Alimujiang, Catherine Appleton, Graham A Colditz, Adetunji T Toriola
PURPOSE: We investigated the associations of adolescent adiposity, changes in adiposity during adulthood, and attained adiposity with volumetric mammographic density measures. METHODS: We recruited 383 premenopausal women who had a routine screening mammogram at the Breast Health Center, Washington University in St. Louis, MO from December 2015 to October 2016. Trained research personnel assessed current adiposity measures. Weight at ages 18 and 30 were self-reported...
July 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702499/metastasis-of-cervical-cancer-to-breast-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Ankit Mangla, Nikki Agarwal, Farid Saei Hamedani, Jiaxiang Liu, Shweta Gupta, Michael R Mullane
Metastasis to the breast from an extra-mammary malignancy has been documented in literature, however cervical cancer metastasis to the breast is very rare. Thirty-eight cases of metastatic deposit to the breast from cervical cancer have been reported in literature. Though most patients present with a breast lump, it is very difficult to clinically distinguish a primary breast malignancy from a metastatic deposit. Histopathology of the tissue, aided with immune-histochemical staining pattern provides a definitive diagnosis...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700276/patient-preferences-for-primary-care-provider-roles-in-breast-cancer-survivorship-care
#12
Lauren P Wallner, Yun Li, Allison K C Furgal, Christopher R Friese, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Reshma Jagsi, Steven J Katz, Sarah T Hawley
Purpose Prior studies have suggested a need for greater clarity about provider roles in team-based cancer care; however, little is known about patients' preferences regarding which providers handle their care needs after primary cancer treatment. Methods We surveyed women with newly diagnosed stages 0 to II breast cancer who were treated in 2014 and 2015 as reported to the Georgia and Los Angeles SEER registries (N = 2,372; 68% response rate). Patient preferences regarding which provider handles the following care needs after treatment were ascertained: follow-up mammograms, screening for other cancers, general preventive care, and comorbidity management...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700125/optical-assessment-of-mammographic-breast-density-by-a-12-wavelength-versus-a-continuous-spectrum-optical-spectroscopy-device
#13
E Jane Walter, Lothar Lilge
A 12-laser-wavelength, fixed source-detector position, cup-based optical breast spectroscopy (OBS) device was developed for use in large-scale, multi-center trials as a mammographic breast density (MBD) quantification and breast cancer risk pre-screening tool. In this study, the device was evaluated in comparison with a spectrometer-based device used in previous studies. The devices were compared on their ability to predict mammographic percent density (MPD) and to identify women with high MBD from optical spectra...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698185/age-at-menarche-and-late-adolescent-adiposity-associated-with-mammographic-density-on-processed-digital-mammograms-in-24-840-women
#14
Stacey E Alexeeff, Nnaemeka Odo, Jafi A Lipson, Ninah Achacoso, Joseph H Rothstein, Martin J Yaffe, Rhea Y Liang, Luana Acton, Valerie McGuire, Alice S Whitmore, Daniel L Rubin, Weiva Sieh, Laurel A Habel
BACKGROUND: High mammographic density is strongly associated with increased breast cancer risk. Some, but not all, risk factors for breast cancer are also associated with higher mammographic density. METHODS: The study cohort (N=24,840) was drawn from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and included non-Hispanic white females aged 40-74 years with a full-field digital mammogram (FFDM). Percent density (PD) and dense area (DA) were measured by a radiological technologist using Cumulus...
July 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698184/the-association-of-mammographic-density-and-molecular-breast-cancer-subtype
#15
Brandy L Edwards, Kristen A Atkins, George J Stukenborg, Wendy M Novicoff, Krista N Larson, Wendy F Cohn, Jennifer A Harvey, Anneke T Schroen
BACKGROUND: Mammographic density (MD) is associated with increased breast cancer (BC) risk, yet limited data exists on an association between MD and BC molecular subtypes. METHODS: Women 18 years and older with BC and available mammograms between 2003-2012 were enrolled in a larger study on MD. MD was classified by Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification and by volumetric breast percent density (Volpara SolutionsTM). Subtype was assigned by hormone receptor-status, tumor grade and mitotic score (MS)...
July 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697417/tumor-characteristics-and-family-history-in-relation-to-mammographic-density-and-breast-cancer-the-french-e3n-cohort
#16
Gertraud Maskarinec, Laureen Dartois, Suzette Delaloge, John Hopper, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Laura Baglietto
BACKGROUND: Mammographic density is a known heritable risk factor for breast cancer, but reports how tumor characteristics and family history may modify this association are inconsistent. METHODS: Dense and total breast areas were assessed using Cumulus™ from pre-diagnostic mammograms for 820 invasive breast cancer cases and 820 matched controls nested within the French E3N cohort study. To allow comparisons across models, percent mammographic density (PMD) was standardized to the distribution of the controls...
July 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693758/the-u-s-online-news-coverage-of-mammography-based-on-a-google-news-search
#17
REVIEW
Leng Leng Young Lin, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To characterize online news coverage relating to mammography, including articles' stance toward screening mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Google News was used to search U.S. news sites over a 9-year period (2006-2015) based on the search terms "mammography" and "mammogram." The top 100 search results were recorded. Identified articles were manually reviewed. RESULTS: The top 100 news articles were from the following sources: local news outlet (50%), national news outlet (24%), nonimaging medical source (13%), entertainment or culture news outlet (6%), business news outlet (4%), peer-reviewed journal (1%), and radiology news outlet (1%)...
July 7, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691862/simplifying-breast-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-classification-of-mammograms-with-pure-suspicious-calcifications
#18
Gisela Lg Menezes, Gonneke Ao Winter-Warnars, Eva L Koekenbier, Emma J Groen, Helena M Verkooijen, Ruud M Pijnappel
Objectives To investigate the risk of malignancy following stereotactic breast biopsy of calcifications classified as Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 3, 4, and 5. Methods The study included women with pure calcifications (not associated with masses or architectural distortions) who underwent stereotactic breast biopsy at the Dutch Cancer Institute between January 2011 and October 2013. Suspicious calcifications (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System 3, 4, or 5) detected on mammography were biopsied...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689518/colon-cancer-screening-is-it-time-yet
#19
EDITORIAL
Hadi Bhurgri, Sami Samiullah
The month of March is dedicated to Colon Cancer Awareness. Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has been on the rise. It is currently the third most common cancer in men (746,000 cases, 10.0% of the total) and the second in women (614,000 cases, 9.2% of the total).1 Arecent meta-analysis reported a 61% risk reduction in CRC incidence with colonoscopy.2 Unlike screening programs for breast and prostate cancers, not only has CRC screening reduced mortality from colon cancer and detected early CRC, it has also decreased the incidence of CRC through detection and removal of pre-cancerous lesions...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685676/recent-advances-in-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-based-nanoprobes-as-multifunctional-theranostic-agents-for-breast-cancer-imaging-and-therapy
#20
Jianjun Zheng, Wenzhi Ren, Tianxiang Chen, Jin Yinhua, Aijing Li, Kun Yan, Yijiao Wu, Aiguo Wu
Breast cancer accounts for nearly one in three cancers, and it is the most common cancer diagnosed among women. The death rate of breast cancer is estimated to 14%. Hence, accurate diagnosis in early stage and effective treatment in any stage are critical for the survival of breast cancer. Mammogram has been the most common technique administered to detect breast cancer. However, the radiation dose from mammogram is harmful to patients. Fortunately, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can diagnose breast cancer without any radiation dose, and enhanced MRI can make earlier and differential diagnosis...
July 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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