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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#1
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#2
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773127/taeniid-metacestodes-in-rangeland-goats-in-australia
#3
D J Jenkins, B Cowled, V Brookes
Data on several infections of sheep and goats, including parasite infections, are routinely collected during inspection of harvested rangeland goats after slaughter. This is an important role of the Australian National Sheep Health Monitoring Program (NSHMP). Our study investigated the presence of metacestodes of Taenia hydatigena, T. ovis and Echinococcus granulosus in slaughtered goats from Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia. During the period of the study (2007-2013) 374,580 goats were slaughtered and inspected by trained abattoir meat inspectors as part of the NSHMP...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759233/critical-review-of-dog-detection-and-the-influences-of-physiology-training-and-analytical-methodologies
#4
REVIEW
J E Hayes, P D McGreevy, S L Forbes, G Laing, R M Stuetz
Detection dogs serve a plethora of roles within modern society, and are relied upon to identify threats such as explosives and narcotics. Despite their importance, research and training regarding detection dogs has involved ambiguity. This is partially due to the fact that the assessment of effectiveness regarding detection dogs continues to be entrenched within a traditional, non-scientific understanding. Furthermore, the capabilities of detection dogs are also based on their olfactory physiology and training methodologies, both of which are hampered by knowledge gaps...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745497/-research-on-prediction-method-of-left-ventricular-blood-pressure-based-on-external-heart-sounds
#5
Jinghui Zhang, Hong Tang
The continuous left ventricle blood pressure prediction based on selected heart sound features was realized in this study. The experiments were carried out on three beagle dogs and the variations of cardiac hemodynamics were induced by various dose of epinephrine. The phonocardiogram, electrocardiogram and blood pressures in left ventricle were synchronously acquired. We obtained 28 valid recordings in this study. An artificial neural network was trained with the selected feature to predict left ventricular blood pressure and this trained network made a good performance...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740040/differences-in-pre-sleep-activity-and-sleep-location-are-associated-with-variability-in-daytime-nighttime-sleep-electrophysiology-in-the-domestic-dog
#6
Nóra Bunford, Vivien Reicher, Anna Kis, Ákos Pogány, Ferenc Gombos, Róbert Bódizs, Márta Gácsi
The domestic dog (Canis familiaris) is a promising animal model. Yet, the canine neuroscience literature is predominantly comprised of studies wherein (semi-)invasive methods and intensive training are used to study awake dog behavior. Given prior findings with humans and/or dogs, our goal was to assess, in 16 family dogs (1.5-7 years old; 10 males; 10 different breeds) the effects of pre-sleep activity and timing and location of sleep on sleep electrophysiology. All three factors had a main and/or interactive effect on sleep macrostructure...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727372/the-effect-of-commonly-performed-exercises-on-the-levator-hiatus-area-and-the-length-and-strength-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-in-postpartum-women
#7
Lauren N Siff, Audra J Hill, Samantha J Walters, Ginny Walters, Mark D Walters
OBJECTIVE: The aim oft his study was to compare the effects of 10 common exercises to traditional pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contractions (Kegel) on levator hiatus (LH) area and PFM length and strength. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 15 healthy postpartum women. Ten exercises were studied. These were common variations of leg, core, and back exercises used in yoga, Pilates, strength training, and physical therapy. Each participant performed all 10 exercises at a single visit in 2 examination settings: transperineal ultrasound and perineometry...
May 2, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704946/development-of-a-deep-convolutional-neural-network-to-predict-grading-of-canine-meningiomas-from-magnetic-resonance-images
#8
T Banzato, G B Cherubini, M Atzori, A Zotti
An established deep neural network (DNN) based on transfer learning and a newly designed DNN were tested to predict the grade of meningiomas from magnetic resonance (MR) images in dogs and to determine the accuracy of classification of using pre- and post-contrast T1-weighted (T1W), and T2-weighted (T2W) MR images. The images were randomly assigned to a training set, a validation set and a test set, comprising 60%, 10% and 30% of images, respectively. The combination of DNN and MR sequence displaying the highest discriminating accuracy was used to develop an image classifier to predict the grading of new cases...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698000/benefits-and-challenges-of-using-service-dogs-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Ashli Owen-Smith, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are increasingly seeking service dogs to help them manage trauma-related symptoms, yet literature describing service dog use in this population is scant. The goal of this study was to document the benefits and challenges experienced by veterans with service dogs trained to assist with PTSD-related needs. METHOD: Participants were veterans (N = 41) with service dogs, and their caregivers (n = 8), recruited through community-based service dog training agencies...
April 26, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681130/development-and-implementation-of-a-novel-immune-thrombocytopenia-bleeding-score-for-dogs
#10
Kelly M Makielski, Marjory B Brooks, Chong Wang, Jonah N Cullen, Annette M O'Connor, Dana N LeVine
BACKGROUND: A method of quantifying clinical bleeding in dogs with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is needed because ITP patients have variable bleeding tendencies that inconsistently correlate with platelet count. A scoring system will facilitate patient comparisons and allow stratification based on bleeding severity in clinical trials. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate a bleeding assessment tool for dogs, and a training course for improving its consistent implementation...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643866/joint-genomic-prediction-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-uk-and-us-labrador-retrievers
#11
Stefan M Edwards, John A Woolliams, John M Hickey, Sarah C Blott, Dylan N Clements, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Rory J Todhunter, Pamela Wiener
Canine hip dysplasia, a debilitating orthopedic disorder that leads to osteoarthritis and cartilage degeneration, is common in several large-sized dog breeds and shows moderate heritability suggesting that selection can reduce prevalence. Estimating genomic breeding values require large reference populations, which are expensive to genotype for development of genomic prediction tools. Combining datasets from different countries could be an option to help build larger reference datasets without incurring extra genotyping costs...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622733/sniffer-dogs-unleashed
#12
(no author information available yet)
A 10-year conservation project to restore the native bird populations of South Georgia has involved eradicating invasive rodent species. As Daniel Gillett explains, specially trained sniffer dogs are an important part of 'team rat'.
April 7, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617398/impact-of-an-animal-assisted-therapy-programme-on-physiological-and-psychosocial-variables-of-paediatric-oncology-patients
#13
Nathiana B Silva, Flávia L Osório
The objective of this study was to propose an intervention and safety protocol for performing animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and evaluating its efficacy in children under outpatient oncological treatment based on psychological, physiological, and quality of life indicators for the children and caregivers. The sample consisted of 24 children diagnosed with leukaemia and solid tumours (58% girls with a mean age of 8.0 years) who underwent an AAT programme consisting of three 30-min sessions in an open group. Two dogs (one Labrador retriever and one golden retriever) were used, and activities such as sensory stimulation, gait training, and socialization were conducted...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616229/investigation-of-the-behavioral-characteristics-of-dogs-purpose-bred-and-prepared-to-perform-vapor-wake-%C3%A2-detection-of-person-borne-explosives
#14
Lucia Lazarowski, Pamela Sue Haney, Jeanne Brock, Terry Fischer, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle, Jeffrey S Katz, L Paul Waggoner
Specialized detector dogs are increasingly being utilized for the detection of modern threats. The Vapor Wake ® (VW) dog was developed to create a dog phenotype ideally suited for detecting hand-carried and body-worn explosives. VW dogs (VWDs) are trained to sample and alert to target odors in the aerodynamic wakes of moving persons, which entrains vapor and small particles from the person. The behavioral characteristics necessary for dogs to be successfully trained and employed for the application of VW are a distinct subset of the desired general characteristics of dogs used for detection tasks due to the dynamic nature of moving targets...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594162/a-proof-of-concept-are-detection-dogs-a-useful-tool-to-verify-potential-biomarkers-for-lung-cancer
#15
Carola Fischer-Tenhagen, Dorothea Johnen, Irene Nehls, Roland Becker
Early and reliable diagnostic test is essential for effective therapy of lung cancer. Volatile organic compounds that are characteristic for cancer could serve as valuable biomarkers in cancer diagnosis. Both trace analytical and detection dog approaches give some evidence for the existence of such biomarkers. In this proof of concept, study dogs and trace analysis were implemented in combination to gain more information concerning cancer biomarkers. Two dogs were trained to distinguish between absorbed breath samples of lung cancer patients and healthy persons and succeeded with correct identification of patients with 9/9 and 8/9 and correct negative indications from of 8/10 and 4/10 samples from healthy individuals...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594160/job-related-stress-in-forensic-interviewers-of-children-with-use-of-therapy-dogs-compared-with-facility-dogs-or-no-dogs
#16
Diane Walsh, Mariko Yamamoto, Neil H Willits, Lynette A Hart
Sexually abused children providing essential testimony regarding crimes in forensic interviews now sometimes are provided facility dogs or therapy dogs for comfort. Facility dogs are extensively trained to work with forensic interviewers; when using therapy dogs in interviews, volunteers are the dog handlers. Interviews can impact child welfare workers' mental health causing secondary traumatic stress (STS). To investigate this stress, first data were gathered on stress retrospectively for when interviewers initially started the job prior to working with a dog, and then currently, from forensic interviewers using a facility dog, a therapy or pet dog, or no dog...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589507/development-content-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-lifelong-physical-activity-skills-battery-in-adolescents
#17
Ryan M Hulteen, Lisa M Barnett, Philip J Morgan, Leah E Robinson, Christian J Barton, Brian H Wrotniak, David R Lubans
Numerous skill batteries assess fundamental motor skill (e.g., kick, hop) competence. Few skill batteries examine lifelong physical activity skill competence (e.g., resistance training). This study aimed to develop and assess the content validity, test-retest and inter-rater reliability of the "Lifelong Physical Activity Skills Battery". Development of the skill battery occurred in three stages: i) systematic reviews of lifelong physical activity participation rates and existing motor skill assessment tools, ii) practitioner consultation and iii) research expert consultation...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589149/-emigration-an-option-for-african-resident-physicians-opinions-from-tanzania-and-ethiopia
#18
K M Knoll, H Philippin, W Makupa, M M Nentwich
BACKGROUND: Globally, the majority of visually impaired persons live in low- and middle-income countries. One of the reasons is a lack of ophthalmologists in the respective countries. Migration of qualified personnel would be an additional strain on ophthalmological patient care. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aimed at evaluating the attitude of African residents in ophthalmology towards working in their home country or migrating abroad and comparing these findings with existing data also with respect to possible interventions...
March 27, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587754/retrograde-intubation-in-a-dog-with-severe-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-case-report
#19
Verónica Vieitez, Luis Javier Ezquerra, Víctor López Rámis, Massimo Santella, Ignacio Álvarez Gómez de Segura
BACKGROUND: Orotracheal intubation in dogs is a common and easily-performed procedure that provides a patent airway during anaesthesia. In dogs with temporomandibular joint ankylosis or pseudo-ankylosis, airway management can be a challenging procedure since these dogs have a limited ability to open their mouth. Methods to provide safe, uneventful intubation in such patients may include minimally invasive techniques such as retrograde intubation using a guide wire and fibre-optic-aided laryngoscopy...
March 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572954/water-requirements-of-canine-athletes-during-multi-day-exercise
#20
Lara Stephens-Brown, Michael Davis
BACKGROUND: Exercise increases water requirements, but there is little information regarding water loss in dogs performing multi-day exercise OBJECTIVES: Quantify the daily water turnover of working dogs during multi-day exercise and establish the suitability of SC administration of tracer to determine water turnover. ANIMALS: Fifteen privately owned Labrador retrievers trained for explosive detection duties and 16 privately owned Alaskan Huskies conditioned for mid-distance racing...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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