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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123842/severe-sepsis-caused-by-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-complicated-by-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#1
Shota Maezawa, Daisuke Kudo, Keiichiro Asanuma, Daisuke Takekoshi, Ryuichiro Egashira, Shigeki Kushimoto
Case: A 61-year-old man with an unremarkable medical history was admitted with fever 7 days after being bitten by his dog. On day 3, he showed altered mental status, and laboratory data showed progressive hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia, renal dysfunction, coagulopathy, and schistocytosis. Severe sepsis complicated with thrombotic microangiopathy caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus was suspected. Outcome: Plasma exchange was applied to treat the thrombotic microangiopathy and resulted in platelet count increase and improved renal function, hyperbilirubinemia, and schistocytosis...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110441/human-case-of-bubonic-plague-resulting-from-the-bite-of-a-wild-gunnison-s-prairie-dog-during-translocation-from-a-plague-endemic-area
#2
S D Melman, P E Ettestad, E S VinHatton, J M Ragsdale, N Takacs, L M Onischuk, P M Leonard, S S Master, V S Lucero, L C Kingry, J M Petersen
Plague is a zoonotic disease (transmitted mainly by fleas and maintained in nature by rodents) that causes severe acute illness in humans. We present a human plague case who became infected by the bite of a wild Gunnison's prairie dog, and a good practical example of the One Health approach that resulted in a rapid public health response. The exposure occurred while the animal was being transported for relocation to a wildlife refuge after being trapped in a plague enzootic area. This is the first report of a human plague case resulting from the bite of a Gunnison's prairie dog...
November 6, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089019/assessment-of-the-speed-of-flea-kill-of-lotilaner-credelio%C3%A2-throughout-the-month-following-oral-administration-to-dogs
#3
Daniela Cavalleri, Martin Murphy, Wolfgang Seewald, Jason Drake, Steve Nanchen
BACKGROUND: Lotilaner (Credelio™, Elanco), a novel isoxazoline, is a systemic insecticide and acaricide that is rapidly absorbed following oral administration to dogs and has a half-life of 30 days. As part of a development program, studies were undertaken to investigate lotilaner's initial and sustained efficacy and speed of kill against fleas. METHODS: Four studies were conducted to evaluate the onset of lotilaner's speed of flea knockdown at the time of treatment, and to determine the sustained speed of flea kill (SOK) up to 35 days post-treatment...
November 1, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079100/cost-effectiveness-of-mass-dog-rabies-vaccination-strategies-to-reduce-human-health-burden-in-flores-island-indonesia
#4
Ewaldus Wera, Monique C M Mourits, Henk Hogeveen
The cost-effectiveness of different mass dog rabies vaccination strategies, defined as the costs per year of life lost (YLL) averted was evaluated for a period of 10 years by means of a dynamic simulation study for a typical village on Flores Island. In the base strategy (no dog vaccination and no post-exposure treatment (PET) of human bite cases), the model showed that the introduction of the virus by one infectious dog into an isolated village with 1500 inhabitants and 400 dogs resulted in 881 YLLs during a 10-year simulation period, which is equivalent to 30 human rabies cases...
October 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077073/the-biology-and-ecology-of-cat-fleas-and-advancements-in-their-pest-management-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Michael K Rust
The cat flea Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) is the most important ectoparasite of domestic cats and dogs worldwide. It has been two decades since the last comprehensive review concerning the biology and ecology of C. f. felis and its management. Since then there have been major advances in our understanding of the diseases associated with C. f. felis and their implications for humans and their pets. Two rickettsial diseases, flea-borne spotted fever and murine typhus, have been identified in domestic animal populations and cat fleas...
October 27, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068939/watch-out-for-wild-animals-a-systematic-review-of-upper-extremity-injuries-caused-by-uncommon-species
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline S Israel, James E McCarthy, Katherine R Rose, Venkat K Rao
BACKGROUND: Across the world, many species of nondomesticated animals dwell among humans in metropolitan areas. Rare animal bites pose a dilemma for hand surgeons, as they often result in operative injuries and recalcitrant infections. The authors treated an 85-year-old man who experienced severe cellulitis of the index finger following an opossum bite. This case prompted a systematic review of upper extremity injuries caused by species other than dogs, cats, snakes, and insects. METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic review of PubMed and Scopus databases to identify relevant articles published between 1980 and 2016...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068711/defaming-rover-error-based-latent-rhetoric-in-the-medical-literature-on-dog-bites
#7
Arnold Arluke, Donald Cleary, Gary Patronek, Janis Bradley
This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between 1966 and 2015 identified by terms such as "dog bite" or "dangerous dogs." The analysis revealed misinformation about human-canine interactions, the significance of breed and breed characteristics, and the frequency of dog bite-related injuries...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040573/how-much-atopy-is-attributable-to-common-childhood-environmental-exposures-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study-followed-to-adulthood
#8
Hayden H Shin, Stephanie J Lynch, Andrew R Gray, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
Background: The rising prevalence of atopic diseases implies a strong influence of environmental determinants. Epidemiological studies have identified several early life exposures that appear to influence the risk of developing atopic sensitization, but the combined influence of these exposures is unknown. We sought to estimate the proportion of atopy that could be attributed to common childhood exposures associated with atopic sensitization in adolescence and young adulthood. Methods: Atopic sensitization was measured by skin-prick tests for common aeroallergens in a population-based New Zealand birth cohort at ages 13 and 32 years...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#9
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027053/public-health-considerations-associated-with-the-location-and-operation-of-off-leash-dog-parks
#10
REVIEW
Tissa Rahim, Pablo Romero Barrios, Geoffrey McKee, Melissa McLaws, Tom Kosatsky
Off-leash dog parks may enhance human health, but may also lead to health risk through infection or canine aggression. Published evidence was reviewed to examine positive and negative public health impacts of off-leash dog parks, as well as strategies for enhancing benefits and mitigating risks. Evidence suggests that off-leash dog parks can benefit physical and social health, as well as community connectedness. While studies have documented shedding of zoonotic agents in dog parks, the risk of transmission to humans is relatively unknown...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020186/rabies-postexposure-prophylaxis-pep-noncompletion-after-dog-bites-estimating-the-unseen-to-meet-the-needs-of-the-underserved
#11
Arnaud Tarantola, Sophie Blanchi, Julien Cappelle, Sowath Ly, Malen Chan, Sotheary In, Yiksing Peng, Chanthy Hing, Chun Navy Taing, Sovann Ly, Hervé Bourhy, Philippe Buchy, Philippe Dussart, Jean-Yves Mary
Post exposure prophylaxis prevents human rabies and is accessible in Cambodia principally in Phnom Penh, the capital. Timely, affordable access to post-exposure prophylaxis is a challenge for the mainly rural population. We aimed to identify districts independently associated with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) noncompletion to position frontline vaccination centers. We analyzed the 2009-2013 database at the rabies prevention center of the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh. Logistic regressions identified non-geographic determinants of PEP noncompletion and districts after adjustment for these determinants...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017579/surveillance-of-ixodes-ricinus-ticks-acari-ixodidae-in-iceland
#12
Matthias Alfredsson, Erling Olafsson, Matthias Eydal, Ester Rut Unnsteinsdottir, Kayleigh Hansford, William Wint, Neil Alexander, Jolyon M Medlock
BACKGROUND: Ixodes ricinus is a three-host tick, a principal vector of Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) and one of the main vectors of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus. Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean with subpolar oceanic climate. During the past 3-4 decades, average temperature has increased, supporting more favourable conditions for ticks. Reports of I. ricinus have increased in recent years. If these ticks were able to establish in a changing climate, Iceland may face new threats posed by tick-borne diseases...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991898/insights-and-efforts-to-control-rabies-in-zambia-evaluation-of-determinants-and-barriers-to-dog-vaccination-in-nyimba-district
#13
Carolyn Patricia Mulipukwa, Boyd Mudenda, Allan Rabson Mbewe
BACKGROUND: The current rabies control strategy in Zambia is based on dog vaccination, dog population control and dog movement restrictions. In Nyimba district of Zambia, dog vaccination coverage is low but the incidence of dog bites is high which places the community at risk of rabies infection. The renewed global interest eliminating rabies in developing countries has spurred interest to identify determinants and barriers of dog vaccination in an effort to reduce the overall disease burden...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991316/-epidemiological-characterization-of-bites-on-people-as-emergency-care-record-province-of-los-andes-chile
#14
Vania Villagra, Dante Cáceres, Sergio Alvarado, Elizabeth Salinas, M Loreto Caldera, Erick Lucero, Paola Viviani, Marisa Torres
BACKGROUND: Bites constitute a public health problem worldwide. AIM: To characterize epidemiologically bites by animals happened in the province of Los Andes (2005-2007). METHOD: Descriptive, retrospective epidemiological study. Studied variables: Bitten person (BP), accident by bite, biting animal and bite. It was not feasible to obtain more updated information by law of patient protection. RESULTS: 2,360 BP were assisted in the emergency unit of San Juan de Dios Hospital and Rio Blanco clinic...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953961/parent-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pet-dogs-living-with-neuro-typically-developing-and-neuro-atypically-developing-children-an-exploratory-study
#15
Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, little attention has been paid to how living with children positively and negatively affects quality of life of a pet dog. In this exploratory study we conducted semi-structured interviews with parents of neuro-typically developing children (n = 18) and those with a neuro-developmental disorder (n = 18) who owned a pet dog, until no new factors were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946728/acute-osteomyelitis-in-the-hand-due-to-dog-bite-injury-a-report-of-3-cases
#16
Ryun Lee, Hee Young Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Yea Sik Han, Dong Chul Kim, Kwan Chul Tark
As many people keep small dogs as pets, dog bites are common injuries, accounting for approximately 80%-90% of all animal bite injuries. These injuries usually occur on the upper extremities, most commonly on the fingers. Most of these injuries appear as simple lacerations or abrasions of the skin. Common symptoms include inflammatory reactions of the soft tissue, such as pain, swelling, erythema, and cellulitis. However, the complications of small dog bites may include joint or cartilage injuries, including acute osteomyelitis...
September 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942411/dog-bites-and-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-dangerous-combination
#17
Mussa Mensa, Jonathan James Cubitt, Muhammad Javed, Thomas Bragg
All animal bites have the potential to cause significant infection. In the UK, dogs are the most common source of bites. Incidence of hospital attendances attributable to dog bites has risen over the last decade. Patient groups at particular risk of bites and/or complications of infection include those at extremes of age, immunosuppressed and patients with diabetes. We report the case of a patient with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who was admitted on two separate occasions with unprovoked bites to his toes whilst asleep, by his pet dog...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921666/comparison-of-laparoscopic-gastropexy-performed-via-intracorporeal-suturing-with-knotless-unidirectional-barbed-suture-using-a-needle-driver-versus-a-roticulated-endoscopic-suturing-device-30-cases
#18
Kristin A Coleman, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare two suturing techniques for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty healthy client-owned dogs from breeds predisposed to gastric dilation volvulus. METHODS: Medical records of dogs presented for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy performed with knotless unidirectional barbed suture were reviewed. Dogs were grouped based on the device used for suturing, consisting of an endoscopic needle driver (END) vs an endoscopic suturing device (ESD)...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913341/assessing-the-risk-of-a-canine-rabies-incursion-in-northern-australia
#19
Emily G Hudson, Victoria J Brookes, Michael P Ward
Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies entry into northern Australian communities. In addition, many northern Australian communities have large populations of free-roaming dogs, capable of maintaining rabies should an incursion occur. A risk assessment of rabies entry and transmission into these communities is needed to target control and surveillance measures...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913340/caregiver-reports-of-interactions-between-children-up-to-6-years-and-their-family-dog-implications-for-dog-bite-prevention
#20
Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog's resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between children up to 6 years and their family dogs and whether parents' attitudes to supervision are related to those interactions. Additionally, we investigated whether behavior of dogs that had lived in the family for longer than the child differed from those that grew up with children...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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