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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350167/rickettsia-africae-and-novel-rickettsial-strain-in-amblyomma-spp-ticks-nicaragua-2013
#1
Helena Vogel, Janet Foley, Christine V Fiorello
We report molecular detection of Rickettsia africae in Amblyomma ovale ticks from Nicaragua and a novel rickettsial strain in an A. triste tick. Of 146 ticks from dogs, 16.4% were Rickettsia PCR positive. The presence of Rickettsia spp. in human-biting ticks in Nicaragua may pose a public health concern.
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331048/dog-bites-in-a-us-county-age-body-part-and-breed-in-pediatric-dog-bites
#2
Sriram Ramgopal, Lauren Bealafeld Brungo, Michael Bykowski, Raymond Pitetti, Robert Hickey
AIM: To compare characteristics of gender, age, body part, and breed in dog bites. METHODS: We reviewed 14,956 dog bites (4,195 pediatric) reported to the Allegehny County Health Department, USA, between 2007-2015. Using pre-defined age groups, we performed linear regression to assess for subject age and bite frequency and used binary logistic regression to evaluate for differences in gender and body part and chi-squared tests with Bonferroni correction to evaluate for differences in reported breeds with age...
January 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324737/barriers-of-attendance-to-dog-rabies-static-point-vaccination-clinics-in-blantyre-malawi
#3
Stella Mazeri, Andrew D Gibson, Natascha Meunier, Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Richard J Mellanby, Luke Gamble
Rabies is a devastating yet preventable disease that causes around 59,000 human deaths annually. Almost all human rabies cases are caused by bites from rabies-infected dogs. A large proportion of these cases occur in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Annual vaccination of at least 70% of the dog population is recommended by the World Health Organisation in order to eliminate rabies. However, achieving such high vaccination coverage has proven challenging, especially in low resource settings. Despite being logistically and economically more feasible than door-to-door approaches, static point (SP) vaccination campaigns often suffer from low attendance and therefore result in low vaccination coverage...
January 11, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307126/incidence-and-characteristics-of-hospitalizations-after-dog-s-bite-injuries-in-sicily-italy-between-2012%C3%A2-2015
#4
Daniela Alberghina, Antonino Virga, Sergio Pio Buffa, Michele Panzera
There have been several studies focusing on dogs bite injuries and their epidemiology. To our knowledge, the incidence and characteristics of hospitalization after a dogs bite injury have not been examined quantitatively in Italy. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and characteristics of dogs bite hospitalizations throughout Sicily (Italy) between 2012-2015. Data for statistical analysis were acquired through the Epidemiological Observatory and Health Department of Sicilian Region (Italy). One hundred and forty records with E-code 906...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302099/acute-surgical-intervention-for-a-depressed-skull-fracture-causing-a-laceration-to-the-brain-parenchyma-from-a-bite-wound-in-a-dog
#5
Natasha Hodgson, Andrea Walters, Corinne Lawson, Devon Hague, Stephen Joslyn, Maureen McMichael
A 5-month-old spayed female mixed breed dog was attacked by another dog causing multiple fractures of the left calvarium with a fragment penetrating through the gray matter of the parietal lobe. Surgery was performed to remove the bone fragment. A 6-month follow-up showed dramatic improvement in neurologic status.
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301571/antibody-response-to-sand-fly-saliva-is-a-marker-of-transmission-intensity-but-not-disease-progression-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-infantum
#6
Rupert J Quinnell, Seyi Soremekun, Paul A Bates, Matthew E Rogers, Lourdes M Garcez, Orin Courtenay
BACKGROUND: Antibody responses to sand fly saliva have been suggested to be a useful marker of exposure to sand fly bites and Leishmania infection and a potential tool to monitor the effectiveness of entomological interventions. Exposure to sand fly bites before infection has also been suggested to modulate the severity of the infection. Here, we test these hypotheses by quantifying the anti-saliva IgG response in a cohort study of dogs exposed to natural infection with Leishmania infantum in Brazil...
January 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295708/epidemiological-characteristics-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-human-rabies-in-chongqing-china-2007-2016
#7
Li Qi, Kun Su, Tao Shen, Wenge Tang, Bangzhong Xiao, Jiang Long, Han Zhao, Xi Chen, Yu Xia, Yu Xiong, Dayong Xiao, Liangui Feng, Qin Li
BACKGROUND: According to the global framework of eliminating human rabies, China is responding to achieve the target of zero human death from dog-mediated rabies by 2030. Chongqing is the largest municipality directly under central government in China. We described the epidemiological characteristics and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of human rabies in this area, in order to provide a reliable epidemiology basis for further control and prevention of human rabies. METHODS: The most updated epidemiological data for human rabies cases from 2007 to 2016 in Chongqing were collected from the National Disease Reporting Information System...
January 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#8
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243238/dorsal-surgical-stabilisation-using-tension-bands-for-treatment-of-traumatic-atlanto-occipital-instability-in-a-cat
#9
B Vedrine, M P Maurin
CASE REPORT: An atlanto-occipital instability secondary to a dog bite was diagnosed in a 4-year-old Persian cat. Dorsal stabilisation of the instability was made with two OrthoFiber prostheses (Securos), which were used as tension bands between the nuchal crests of the occipital bone and the spinous process of the axis. Total recovery was achieved 4 days after surgery. Normal alignment of the atlanto-occipital joint was observed on survey radiographs taken 6 weeks post-surgery. Although the right loop had failed, the alignment was still normal and no neurological after-effects could be identified...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230869/microvascular-replantation-of-a-composite-facial-avulsion-in-a-24-month-old-child-after-dog-bite
#10
David Macias, Daniel I Kwon, Paul C Walker, Nathaniel R Peterson
Dog bite injuries are common sources of morbidity with an estimated incidence of 4.5 million bites per year with over 350,000 requiring treatment in the emergency room. Children under the age of 14 are most likely to be affected with a peak age of 5-9 years old. We report a case of a 24-month-old female who sustained a large composite facial avulsion injury from a pit bull dog bite. The avulsed tissue involved a substantial portion of the patient's mid-face, including the entire soft tissue of the nose, upper lip, part of the left cheek, and left oral commissure...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230499/-fulminant-sepsis-after-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-infection
#11
K Feige, Pia Hartmann, J T Lutz
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a Gram-negative bacterium present in the oral cavities of cats and dogs. It is known for its capability to cause life-threatening sepsis following a dog bite, especially in immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a 67-year-old man who suffered from septic shock and multiorgan failure presumably following contamination of a pre-existing minor skin lesion by canine saliva. The purpose of this report is to raise awareness of Capnocytophaga canimorsus among physicians when faced with a patient presenting with fulminant septic shock and Gram-negative bacteremia, who has been exposed to dogs...
December 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225835/supermicrosurgical-replantation-of-a-small-amputated-nasal-tissue-in-a-child
#12
Richard Tee, Michael Woodfield
This study reports a case of an 8-year-old boy who suffered from a dog bite injury to the nose. The amputated nasal tissue measured approximately 1.0 × 1.5 cm and included part of the tip, alar, and soft triangle subunits. Both ends of an artery of less than 0.5 mm were found, and replantation was performed. Chemical leeching was performed postoperatively. At 5-year follow-up, a good aesthetic result was achieved.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224978/andean-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-andean-cl-uta-in-peru-and-ecuador-the-vector-lutzomyia-sand-flies-and-reservoir-mammals
#13
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Eduardo A Gomez L, Abraham G Cáceres, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Kazue Hashiguchi, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Hiroshi Uezato, Hirotomo Kato
The vector Lutzomyia sand flies and reservoir host mammals of the Leishmania parasites, causing the Andean cutaneous leishmaniasis (Andean-CL, uta) in Peru and Ecuador were thoroughly reviewed, performing a survey of literatures including our unpublished data. The Peruvian L. (V.) peruviana, a principal Leishmania species causing Andean-CL in Peru, possessed three Lutzomyia species, Lu. peruensis, Lu. verrucarum and Lu. ayacuchensis as vectors, while the Ecuadorian L. (L.) mexicana parasite possessed only one species Lu...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205634/safety-and-feasibility-of-stereotactic-radiotherapy-using-computed-portal-radiography-for-canine-intracranial-tumors
#14
Nicholas J Rancilio, R Timothy Bentley, Jeannie Poulson Plantenga, Magdalena M Parys, Beatriz G Crespo, George E Moore
Stereotactic radiotherapy is a highly conformal treatment option for intracranial and extracranial malignancies. Stereotactic radiotherapy utilizes specialized equipment specifically designed to avoid normal tissue while delivering ablative treatments with submillimeter precision and accuracy. Linear accelerator based stereotactic radiotherapy incorporates on-board image guidance utilizing cone beam computed tomography (CT). Many institutions lack the ability to provide image guidance with cone beam CT but delivery of highly conformal treatments with submillimeter precision and accuracy is still feasible...
December 4, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188797/rabies
#15
REVIEW
Anthony R Fooks, Florence Cliquet, Stefan Finke, Conrad Freuling, Thiravat Hemachudha, Reeta S Mani, Thomas Müller, Susan Nadin-Davis, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Henry Wilde, Ashley C Banyard
Rabies is a life-threatening neglected tropical disease: tens of thousands of cases are reported annually in endemic countries (mainly in Africa and Asia), although the actual numbers are most likely underestimated. Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is caused by infection with viruses of the Lyssavirus genus, which are transmitted via the saliva of an infected animal. Dogs are the most important reservoir for rabies viruses, and dog bites account for >99% of human cases. The virus first infects peripheral motor neurons, and symptoms occur after the virus reaches the central nervous system...
November 30, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184724/an-algorithmic-approach-to-operative-management-of-complex-pediatric-dog-bites-3-year-review-of-a-level-i-regional-referral-pediatric-trauma-hospital
#16
Kaveh Alizadeh, Ali Shayesteh, Min Li Xu
Background: Incidence of dog bites continues to rise among the pediatric population and serves as a public health threat for the well-being of children. Plastic surgeons are at the forefront of initial management and eventual outcome of these devastating injuries. This study set out to determine the nature of dog bite injuries treated over a 3-year period at a large level 1 pediatric trauma center. Methods: A retrospective review of emergency room records of all pediatric patients (age, 0-18 years old) who sustained dog bites between January 2012 and December 2014 were gathered...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123842/severe-sepsis-caused-by-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-complicated-by-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#17
Shota Maezawa, Daisuke Kudo, Keiichiro Asanuma, Daisuke Takekoshi, Ryuichiro Egashira, Shigeki Kushimoto
Case: A 61-year-old man with an unremarkable medical history was admitted with fever 7 days after being bitten by his dog. On day 3, he showed altered mental status, and laboratory data showed progressive hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia, renal dysfunction, coagulopathy, and schistocytosis. Severe sepsis complicated with thrombotic microangiopathy caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus was suspected. Outcome: Plasma exchange was applied to treat the thrombotic microangiopathy and resulted in platelet count increase and improved renal function, hyperbilirubinemia, and schistocytosis...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110441/human-case-of-bubonic-plague-resulting-from-the-bite-of-a-wild-gunnison-s-prairie-dog-during-translocation-from-a-plague-endemic-area
#18
S D Melman, P E Ettestad, E S VinHatton, J M Ragsdale, N Takacs, L M Onischuk, P M Leonard, S S Master, V S Lucero, L C Kingry, J M Petersen
Plague is a zoonotic disease (transmitted mainly by fleas and maintained in nature by rodents) that causes severe acute illness in humans. We present a human plague case who became infected by the bite of a wild Gunnison's prairie dog, and a good practical example of the One Health approach that resulted in a rapid public health response. The exposure occurred while the animal was being transported for relocation to a wildlife refuge after being trapped in a plague enzootic area. This is the first report of a human plague case resulting from the bite of a Gunnison's prairie dog...
November 6, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089019/assessment-of-the-speed-of-flea-kill-of-lotilaner-credelio%C3%A2-throughout-the-month-following-oral-administration-to-dogs
#19
Daniela Cavalleri, Martin Murphy, Wolfgang Seewald, Jason Drake, Steve Nanchen
BACKGROUND: Lotilaner (Credelio™, Elanco), a novel isoxazoline, is a systemic insecticide and acaricide that is rapidly absorbed following oral administration to dogs and has a half-life of 30 days. As part of a development program, studies were undertaken to investigate lotilaner's initial and sustained efficacy and speed of kill against fleas. METHODS: Four studies were conducted to evaluate the onset of lotilaner's speed of flea knockdown at the time of treatment, and to determine the sustained speed of flea kill (SOK) up to 35 days post-treatment...
November 1, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079100/cost-effectiveness-of-mass-dog-rabies-vaccination-strategies-to-reduce-human-health-burden-in-flores-island-indonesia
#20
Ewaldus Wera, Monique C M Mourits, Henk Hogeveen
The cost-effectiveness of different mass dog rabies vaccination strategies, defined as the costs per year of life lost (YLL) averted was evaluated for a period of 10 years by means of a dynamic simulation study for a typical village on Flores Island. In the base strategy (no dog vaccination and no post-exposure treatment (PET) of human bite cases), the model showed that the introduction of the virus by one infectious dog into an isolated village with 1500 inhabitants and 400 dogs resulted in 881 YLLs during a 10-year simulation period, which is equivalent to 30 human rabies cases...
October 24, 2017: Vaccine
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