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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781416/the-risk-of-rabies-spread-in-japan-a-mathematical-modelling-assessment
#1
H Kadowaki, K Hampson, K Tojinbara, A Yamada, K Makita
Rabies was eliminated from Japan in 1957. In the 60 years since elimination, vaccination coverage has declined and dog ownership habits have changed. The purpose of this study was to assess the current risk of rabies spread in Japan. A spatially explicit transmission model was developed at the 1 km2 grid scale for Hokkaido and Ibaraki Prefectures. Parameters associated with dog movement and bite injuries were estimated using historical records from Japan, and were used with previously published epidemiological parameters...
May 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780810/factors-associated-with-bites-to-a-child-from-a-dog-living-in-the-same-home-a-bi-national-comparison
#2
Locksley L McV Messam, Philip H Kass, Bruno B Chomel, Lynette A Hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5-15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily, we wished to compare these factors to risk factors for dog bites to the general public. Participant information was collected via interviewer-administered questionnaire using proxy respondents. Data were analyzed using log-binomial regression to estimate relative risks and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each exposure-dog bite relationship...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771638/the-first-report-evaluating-the-post-exposure-rabies-prophylaxis-in-children-exposed-to-animals-in-the-lublin-province-eastern-poland-in-2010-2016-a-retrospective-study
#3
Joanna Krzowska-Firych, Ewelina Mazurek, Barbara Hasiec, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Rabies continues to be one of the most important viral diseases and remains a significant threat to public health across the globe. The World Health Organization (WHO) has determined that most rabies cases occur in children. Dog bites on humans are a major public-health problem. Poland has not achieved rabies free status yet. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in humans can effectively prevent death after exposure to a potentially infected animal. THE AIM: The main objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of PEP among children exposed to animals, who had attended consultations at the Department of Infectious Diseases for Children in the Jan Boży Hospital in Lublin...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765783/multiorgan-failure-and-refractory-lactic-acidosis-due-to-pasteurella-multocida-septicemia-in-a-patient-with-no-animal-exposure
#4
Damaris Pena, Yaneidy Santana, Jose Perez Lara, Efrain Gonzalez, Misbahuddin Khaja
Introduction: Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative coccobacillus pathogenic to animals. It can cause infection in humans by a bite, scratch, or lick from a cat or dog. P. multocida can cause a variety of infections in humans, including cellulitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, and septic shock. Case Presentation: A 56-year-old male presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. He denied exposure to cats, dogs or other pets...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762453/microvascular-replantation-following-facial-dog-bites-in-children-systematic-review-and-management-algorithm
#5
Amanda J Williams, Jeremy M Powers, Jennifer L Rhodes, Andrea L Pozez
BACKGROUND: Pediatric dog bite injuries account for 1% of emergency department visits per year and represent an underrecognized and underreported public health problem. Reconstructive surgery is frequently utilized, and in the most extreme injuries, microvascular replantation may be considered. We sought to systematically review the available literature on microvascular replantation after facial dog bite injuries in children, with particular attention to perioperative morbidity and long-term follow-up...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755988/bite-forces-and-their-measurement-in-dogs-and-cats
#6
REVIEW
Se Eun Kim, Boaz Arzi, Tanya C Garcia, Frank J M Verstraete
Bite force is generated by the interaction of the masticatory muscles, the mandibles and maxillae, the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and the teeth. Several methods to measure bite forces in dogs and cats have been described. Direct in vivo measurement of a bite in dogs has been done; however, bite forces were highly variable due to animal volition, situation, or specific measurement technique. Bite force has been measured in vivo from anesthetized dogs by electrical stimulation of jaw adductor muscles, but this may not be reflective of volitional bite force during natural activity...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755949/tetanus-a-rare-but-real-threat
#7
David Moynan, Ruth O'Riordan, Roisin O'Connor, Concepta Merry
Tetanus is a potentially fatal disease of the nervous system arising from toxins produced by Clostridium tetani , an anaerobic bacterium found in soil [1]. Characterized by muscular rigidity, spasms and autonomic dysregulation its identification and, importantly, its prevention remain critical to the welfare of at risk patients. We present the case of a twenty two year old woman who presented to hospital with trismus and generalized muscle spasms three days following a dog bite to the right hand. Here, we discuss the presentation of generalized tetanus and the use of neurophysiology to facilitate its diagnosis...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740161/online-videos-indicate-human-and-dog-behaviour-preceding-dog-bites-and-the-context-in-which-bites-occur
#8
Sara C Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived from visual aspects of the bite. Associations between bite severity and victim, dog and context characteristics were analysed using a Bayesian hierarchical regression model. Human and dog behaviour before the bite were summarised with descriptive statistics...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729722/dental-and-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-of-the-grey-wolf-canis-lupus
#9
S Döring, B Arzi, J N Winer, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Skulls from 392 grey wolves (Canis lupus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. Two hundred and seven skulls were included in this study, comprised of 124 young adults (59.9%) and 83 adults (40.1%); of these, 65 (31.4%) specimens were from male wolves and 104 (50.3%) were from females, with 38 (18.4%) of unknown sex. Out of 8,694 possible teeth, 8,339 (95.9%) were present for evaluation. Fifty-five teeth (15.5%) were absent congenitally, 30 (8.5%) were lost during life and 270 (76...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727894/-comparison-of-the-antibacterial-efficacy-of-polyhexanide-cold-atmospheric-argon-plasma-and-saline-in-the-treatment-of-canine-bite-wounds
#10
Selina Winter, Mirja Christine Nolff, Sven Reese, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg
ZIEL: der Studie war, die Keimbelastung sowie die klinische Effizienz von Polyhexanid, Argon-Kaltplasma und Kochsalzlösung zur Reduktion der Bioburden bei Hundebissverletzungen zu überprüfen. MATERIAL UND METHODEN: In die Studie eingeschlossen wurden Hunde mit Bissverletzungen, die durch ein chirurgisches Debridement mit anschließender Wundbehandlung durch Lavage mit Polyhexanid-Biguanid (A), Therapie mit kaltem Argonplasma (B) oder Lavage mit physiologischer Kochsalzlösung (C) versorgt wurden...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716671/risk-factors-associated-with-seropositivity-to-california-serogroup-viruses-in-humans-and-pet-dogs-quebec-canada
#11
J P Rocheleau, P Michel, L R Lindsay, M Drebot, A Dibernardo, N H Ogden, A Fortin, J Arsenault
Jamestown Canyon and snowshoe hare viruses are two emerging human pathogens associated with cases of neuroinvasive disease in North America. This study aimed to identify environmental and individual risk factors for seropositivity to these arboviruses in humans and pet dogs from Québec, Canada, 2012-2014. In humans, areas with moderate densities of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were associated with higher odds of seropositivity compared with areas with low densities of white-tailed deer (OR 2...
May 2, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706238/-a-fatal-septic-shock-due-to-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-and-review-of-literature
#12
G Vignon, P Combeau, J Violette, A-S Cognée, S Méglio, F Carrère, P Aucher, F Lellouche
INTRODUCTION: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a Gram-negative bacterium present in normal dogs and cats mouths. It can be responsible for septic shocks after dog or cat bite, especially in asplenic patients. CASE REPORT: We report here a case of C. canimorsus infection rapidly presenting as a multiple organ dysfonction syndrome in an immunocompetent 54 years old patient, who lives near a dog, without any sign of bite. The evolution was a rapidly fatal fulminant septic shock...
April 26, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679952/injuries-to-cyclists-due-to-a-dog-bicycle-interaction
#13
Randall T Loder, Alan P Yaacoub
BACKGROUND:  Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries. METHODS:  The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10-year period from 2006 through 2015 associated with bicycles were accessed. Injuries involving dogs were identified and the mechanism of injury determined. Due to the stratified and weighted nature of the NEISS data, statistical analyses were performed with SUDAAN 10 software (RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679593/experimental-and-field-investigatio-n-of-non-biting-flies-as-potential-mechanical-vectors-of-echinococcus-granulosus-eggs
#14
Sahel Hemmati, Abbas Aghaei Afshar, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Ali Afgar, Saeid Nasibi, Majid Fasihi Harandi
Synanthropic fly species can be potential mechanical vectors of many infectious agents. The potential of the flies to carry Echinococcus granulosus eggs is not fully documented. The purpose of the present study was to determine the possible role of non-biting flies to carry taeniid eggs. A total of 210 flies were collected from seven selected sites in areas of Kerman city, southeastern Iran from November 2016 to May 2017. Adult flies were live-caught using sweeping nets. Flies were placed individually in small glass bottles and transported to the laboratory...
April 18, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675865/allergen-immunotherapy-in-people-dogs-cats-and-horses-differences-similarities-and-research-needs
#15
R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim, F Roth-Walter, E Marti, J Janda, A A Seida, D DeBoer
In human patients with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis sensitized to grass pollen, the first successful allergen immunotherapy (AIT) was reported in 1911. Today, immunotherapy is an accepted treatment for allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis and hypersensitivities to insect venom. AIT is also used for atopic dermatitis and recently for food allergy. Subcutaneous, epicutaneous, intralymphatic, oral and sublingual protocols of AIT exist. In animals, most data are available in dogs where subcutaneous AIT is an accepted treatment for atopic dermatitis...
April 19, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661207/repellent-efficacy-of-a-new-combination-of-fipronil-and-permethrin-against-lutzomyia-longipalpis
#16
André Antonio Cutolo, Fredy Galvis-Ovallos, Elisangela de Souza Neves, Fabiano O Silva, S Theodore Chester, Becky Fankhauser
BACKGROUND: Lutzomyia longipalpis is the main vector of Leishmania infantum, the agent of canine and human visceral leishmaniosis in the Americas. Considering that the dog is the main domestic host of the parasite, repellent treatment is a measure that might contribute to the prevention of canine visceral leishmaniosis. The repellent efficacy of a single treatment of a new spot-on topical combination of fipronil and permethrin (Frontline Tri-Act®, Merial, now part of Boehringer-Ingelheim) to repel Lu...
April 16, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656776/purulenta-pericarditis-and-pasteurella-multocida-an-extremely-rare-entity
#17
Raquel Ferreira, José Martins, Tiago Adrega, Sara Pinto, Sofia Nunes, Rita Pancas, Anabela Gonzaga, José Santos
Purulent pericarditis is a rare entity, defined as the presence of neutrophilic pericardial effusion which is infected by a bacterial, fungus or parasite agent. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially if patients have taken previous antibiotic therapy; on the other hand the recognition of this pathology is often made late, with the onset of severe symptoms or signs of cardiac tamponade or even only at the autopsy. The authors describe the case of a 82-year-old woman with history of extensive laceration of the right lower limb from a dog bite in July 2016, admitted to the Cardiology Department one month later for Acute Pericarditis...
April 12, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644292/serious-phlegmonous-lesion-of-the-hand-following-an-injury-by-vegetal-thorn-never-forget-pasteurella-multocida
#18
A Maleb, J Elmalki, O Bouayadi, Y Ben Lahlou, M Frikh, N Abdeljaouad, A Lemnouer, H Yacoubi, M Elouennass
Pasteurella multocida can cause serious infections after dog or cat bite. We report here a rare case of hand infection caused by P. multocida consecutive to an injury by a thorn of the prickly pear. It caused an amputation of the distal phalanx of the thumb in a trisomic patient. It is about a 27-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital with swelling and intense pain of the left hand. He reported a sting by a thorn of prickly pear 15 days before. The patient was admitted to proceed with operative irrigation and debridement...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628672/globe-luxation-and-optic-nerve-avulsion-by-dog-bite
#19
Justin B Hellman, Lily Koo Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606618/preventing-tick-attachment-to-dogs-using-essential-oils
#20
Penelope Goode, Lauren Ellse, Richard Wall
Preventing tick bites using repellents could make a valuable contribution to an integrated tick management programme for dogs. Here, the ability of a range of essential oils or active ingredients of commercially available repellents, to abolish the orientation and taxis of the tick Ixodes ricinus towards sebum extracted from dog hair was examined in laboratory bioassays. Substantial differences between oils were observed, but turmeric oil was both able to prevent a climbing response by ticks and had a longer residual activity than other oils...
March 27, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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