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Dog bite

Amitabh Singh, Rahul Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Cécile Aenishaenslin, Catherine Bouchard, Jules K Koffi, Nicholas H Ogden
Lyme disease (LD) risk is increasing in Canada. In 2014, the government of Canada launched a national communication campaign to raise awareness and promote the adoption of individual preventive behaviours toward ticks and LD. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the adoption of LD preventive behaviours and the exposure to tick bites of Canadians in the five main targeted regions (British Columbia, Prairie provinces, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces). A national survey was conducted in December 2014 (n=2876) to collect data on LD awareness, behaviours and risk factors...
October 13, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Sumeja Zahirovic, Faizah Siddique
A 55 year-old African American man presented to the Emergency Room with acute-onset fevers, chills, and bilateral thumb pain, swelling, and redness. MRI revealed extensive cellulitis involving bilateral hands and wrists, along with fluid collection and carpal bone erosion on the left. Given concerns for septic arthritis and osteomyelitis, patient underwent surgical debridement revealing an abscess in the wrist without osteomyelitis. Blood cultures grew Pasteurella multocida. Subsequently, patient noted two pet dogs at home, but no history of bites...
October 21, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Hayaki Uchino, Akira Kuriyama, John Bruce, Grant Laing, Damian Clarke, George Oosthuizen
Dog bites are a major cause of injury, especially in the pediatric population. Common anatomic sites of dog bites on children are the peripheries and the head and neck. The torso is reportedly injured less frequently, and only 2 cases of intra-abdominal injury secondary to dog bites have been reported. We recently encountered a 3-year-old boy presenting with peritonitis who had sustained multiple dog bites to his trunk and upper limbs. Emergency laparotomy was performed. Surgical findings revealed penetration of the peritoneum and single perforation of the anterior gastric wall with multiple tooth marks; thus, the gastric perforation was debrided and repaired...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Alan C Jackson
Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is usually transmitted to humans by animal bites. Dogs are the most important vector worldwide. There are encephalitic and paralytic forms of the disease. There are differences in the clinical features of the disease acquired from dogs and bats. Neuroimaging is non-specific. Confirmatory diagnostic laboratory tests for rabies include detection of neutralizing anti-rabies virus antibodies in serum or cerebrospinal fluid and rabies virus antigen or RNA in tissues or fluids. Rabies is preventable after recognized exposures with wound cleansing and administration of rabies vaccine and rabies immune globulin...
November 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
Christopher J Mannion, Aidan Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Christine Sievert, Henning Richter, Katrin Beckmann, Patrick R Kircher, Ines Carrera
In vivo diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is difficult due to high seroprevalence and rapid viral clearance, limiting detection of antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported, however MRI studies can also be negative despite the presence of neurologic signs. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H MRS) is an imaging method that provides additional information about the metabolic characteristics of brain tissues...
October 7, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Jonas Gustafsson, Mattias Lidén, Andri Thorarinsson
A case with a patient who suffered an upper lip amputation and a lower lip laceration due to dog bite is presented. The amputated segment was replanted using microsurgical technique. The operative technique and postoperative care is presented, as well as a review of the current literature on the subject.
2016: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
Daniel McCarthy, Cassie Lux, Rachel Seibert
Emergency surgery was performed on a 6-year-old castrated male springer spaniel dog with evisceration of most of the small intestinal tract through the perineal region, secondary to a dog attack. This is the first report describing successful treatment of perineal evisceration secondary to dog attack at an untreated perineal hernia, employing abdominal and perineal approaches.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
M Tré-Hardy, T Saussez, J C Yombi, H Rodriguez-Villalobos
We report the first case of human infection caused by Streptococcus minor in a 51-year-old immunocompetent woman admitted for dog bite injuries. At present, the role of Streptococcus minor in bite wound infections is unknown. Further studies on virulence factors are needed to elucidate its pathogenicity mechanisms.
November 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Mirza Sharafi, Elham Nasiri, Hamid Mokhayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite the progress made, animal bites and rabies are one of the important health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and rabies during 2004-2014 in Lorestan Province to prevent them in population of the province for the future prospective aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, all those cases bitten in the province, during 2004 and 2014, were studied...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Klára Molnár, Gergő Józsa, Zsolt Oberritter, Eszter Cholnoky, Péter Pankovics, Gábor Reuter, Erika Tornóczky
Dirofilariasis is a zoonosis affecting dogs and cats. It can be transmitted to human by mosquito bites. Because of the local inflammation caused by the parasite, a lump may develop. The authors present a case of a 13-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with dirofilariasis in association with a cyst located on the middle finger of the right hand. During physical examination, a lump on the extensor surface of the middle phalanx of the right middle finger was found. Soft tissue ultrasound was performed, which indicated the presence of a worm in the cyst...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Rouhullah Dehghani, Alireza Sharif, Mahla Madani, Hamed H Kashani, Mohammad R Sharif
OBJECTIVES: Animal bite is a significant health economic challenge worldwide. In Iran, there has been an increase in the number of animal bites in recent years. This study was performed to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and their influencing factors in Semirom, Iran, from 2008 to 2012. METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted for 5 years. The data were based on the information sheets presented in health-care centers concerning how to combat against rabies caused by animal bites...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
L Notari, O Burman, D S Mills
Possible side effects of exogenous corticosteroids have been described in both humans and laboratory animals, with recent studies highlighting this issue in dogs. In this paper the behaviour of 345 dogs drawn from the caseload of a behaviour clinic based in the north of Italy between February 2012 and November 2014 were analysed. Possible relationships between dogs that received treatment with corticosteroids versus dogs that received treatment with drugs other than corticosteroids and positive or negative affective states, aggression towards people, other behaviour problems apart from aggression, occurrence of severe bites, and prescription of psychoactive drugs were initially assessed using a Pearson's chi-squared test...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Record
Daly Martínez-Ortiz, Marco Torres-Castro, Edgar Koyoc-Cardeña, Karina López, Alonso Panti-May, Iván Rodríguez-Vivas, Adriano Puc, Karla Dzul, Jorge Zavala-Castro, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Juan Chablé-Santos, Pablo Manrique-Saide
INTRODUCTION: Rickettsia typhi causes murine or endemic typhus, which is transmitted to humans primarily through flea bites contaminated with feces. Synanthropic and domestic animals also contribute to the infection cycle of R. typhi. Cases of murine typhus in humans were reported in the rural community of Bolmay, Yucatán, México, between 2007 and 2010.  OBJECTIVE: To identify the presence of R. typhi and estimate the frequency of infection in dogs from Bolmay, México, a locality with previous reports of murine typhus in humans...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Felix Bosch, Ralph Manzanell, Alexander Mathis
Twenty-seven species of the genus Onchocerca (Nematoda; Filarioidea) can cause a vector-borne parasitic disease called onchocercosis. Most Onchocerca species infect wild and domestic ungulates or the dog, and one species causes river blindness in humans mainly in tropical Africa. The European red deer (Cervus e. elaphus) is host to four species, which are transmitted by blackflies (simuliids) or biting midges (ceratopogonids). Two species, Onchocerca flexuosa and Onchocerca jakutensis, produce subcutaneous nodules, whereas Onchocerca skrjabini and Onchocerca garmsi live free in the hypodermal serous membranes...
August 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
Jong Eun Park, So-Young Park, Dong Joon Song, Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki, Kyong Ran Peck, Nam Yong Lee
Bacteroides pyogenes, a non-spore-forming, anaerobic, gram-negative rod, is a component of the oral flora of animals and has, on occasion, been reported to cause human infection through dog or cat bites. We report the first case of B. pyogenes bacteremia secondary to liver abscess with no history of an animal bite. The microorganism was identified by 16S rRNA sequencing.
September 8, 2016: Anaerobe
Dorota Kiewra, Aleksandra Czułowska, Elżbieta Lonc
This paper presents the unexpected winter activity of Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) ticks in a newly emerging population in south-west Poland. Host-seeking ticks were collected from vegetation in January 2016 in a meadow ecosystem in six sites located in the Wroclaw Agglomeration, as well as from ten companion animals. A total of 238 questing D. reticulatus ticks, comprising 166 females and 72 males, were collected from all examined sites with the highest number of 102 specimens collected in one hour in one locality (Muchobór Wielki, Wrocław)...
October 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
George Manchi, Mathias M Brunnberg, Muhammad Shahid, Ahmad Al Aiyan, Leo Brunnberg, Silke Stein
An 8-year-old male Jack Russell crossbreed dog was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea and shock following a dog-bite injury on the ventral neck. Radiographs revealed subcutaneous emphysema and bilateral thyrohyoid bone fractures. Intraoperatively, rupture of both sternohyoid muscles, both hyoepiglotticus muscles, both thyrohyoid muscles, and a partial cranial rupture of the superficial sphincter colli muscle were detected. Part of the epiglottis was detached from the thyroid cartilage. The patient's severed muscles and torn epiglottis were reattached using a simple interrupted suture pattern...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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