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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909820/genomic-analysis-reveals-the-presence-of-a-class-d-beta-lactamase-with-broad-substrate-specificity-in-animal-bite-associated-capnocytophaga-species
#1
S Zangenah, A F Andersson, V Özenci, P Bergman
Capnocytophga canimorsus and Capnocytophga cynodegmi can be transmitted from cats and dogs to humans, and can cause a wide range of infections including wound infections, sepsis, or endocarditis. We and others recently discovered two new Capnocytophaga species, C. canis and C. stomatis, mainly associated with wound infections. The first-line treatment of animal bite related infections is penicillin, and in case of allergy, doxycycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. However, there is a lack of antibiotic susceptibility patterns for animal bite associated Capnocytophaga species...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900398/-dyspnea-and-skin-rash-in-a-49-year-old-male-patient
#2
I El-Battrawy, U Ansari, M Behnes, W Kirschstein, S Britsch, C Jabbour, C Fastner, V Bill, M Borggrefe, I Akin
We report on the case of a 49-year-old man who presented with increasing dyspnea and a skin rash. The community-acquired pneumonia was initially treated with broad spectrum antibiotics. The patient's respiratory condition rapidly worsened and the clinical picture of Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome developed with disseminated intravasal coagulopathy and necrosis of the toes. An infection with Capnocytophaga canimorsus, which had been caused by an initially unmentioned dog bite was confirmed. In view of the fulminant course and the high risk of operative treatment of the ubiquitous necroses in all limbs, a joint decision for deescalation of therapy was made together with relatives...
November 29, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896194/osteomyelitis-following-domestic-animal-bites-to-the-hand-two-case-reports-and-practical-guidelines
#3
Jung Soo Lim, Jin Hwan Byun, Kyung Hee Min, Hye Kyung Lee, Yun Sun Choi
Recently, the number of cases of animal bite wounds has increased significantly in concordance with an increase in the pet population around the world. The authors report two rare cases of osteomyelitis of the phalanx following cat and dog bites. On initial physical examination, signs of a severe infection were observed. Radiographs of both patients showed the presence of osteomyelitis, and in one of the patients, the diagnosis was confirmed with a bone biopsy. After use of empirical antibiotics, intravenous antibiotic therapy that matched the identified bacterium's sensitivity was initiated, and at the same time, secure dressing including debridement was performed to induce secondary healing...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891499/a-presumptive-case-of-human-rabies-a-rare-survived-case-in-rural-ghana
#4
Paschal Awingura Apanga, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Michael Acheampong, Matthew Ayamba Adam
Rabies remains endemic in Ghana and continues to pose a major public health threat to humans and animals with a nearly 100% case fatality rate in humans. We report of a presumptive case of human rabies whose survival represents a rare occurrence in rural Ghana and worldwide. Lessons from this case study provide a critically needed focus in helping improve rabies surveillance and case management in Ghana. We report of the survival of a 36-year-old man who developed clinical rabies after he was bitten by his dog, while restraining the dog with a chain...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884124/community-based-interventions-to-enhance-knowledge-protective-attitudes-and-behaviors-towards-canine-rabies-results-from-a-health-communication-intervention-study-in-guangxi-china
#5
Hairong Wu, Jiao Chen, Lianbin Zou, Liefeng Zheng, Weichao Zhang, Zhenmu Meng, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Youming Wang, Jingli Kang, Xiangdong Sun
BACKGROUND: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842761/-mammal-bite-management
#6
Misael Contreras-Marín, Jorge Issac Sandoval-Rodríguez, Raúl García-Ramírez, Héctor Adolfo Morales-Yépez
BACKGROUND: Animal bites are a major public health problem, it is estimated that 2% of the population is bitten each year. Most bites are by dogs and the risk factors include young children, men, certain breeds of dogs and untrained dogs. The risk of infection after bites differs between animal species and depends on the animal teeth and oral flora. CONCLUSIONS: Animal bites are still a major cause of morbidity in patients of all ages and have caused several preventable childhood deaths...
November 11, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827898/a-comparative-study-of-dog-and-cat-induced-injury-on-incidence-and-risk-factors-among-children
#7
Ying Chen, Yang Gao, Li Zhou, Yafei Tan, Liping Li
Background: Millions of people are bitten by animals each year, with approximately 90% of the injuries being caused by dogs and cats. However, few studies focus on risk factors of dog- and cat-induced injury in China. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the rate of dog- and cat-induced injury and its potential risk factors. Methods: The data were from a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2015, with a sample of 9380 children 6-19 years of age from two cities, Shenzhen (large city) and Shantou (mid-sized city), in southern China...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807675/dog-bite-injury-alar-repair-with-composite-graft
#8
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina
Dog bite injuries are an important emergency. Facial dog bites can lead to disfigurement and stigmatization. Dog owners themselves are the usual victims of facial dog bites. Early surgery provides best results. A 28-year-old male patient presented 1 year after he had been bitten on his nose by his own dog. The pronounced nasal disfigurement with nostril stenosis was treated by reconstruction using a free composite graft from the crus of the ipsilateral ear with good results. Delayed reconstruction can provide satisfying results...
November 2, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792895/a-case-report-of-a-complete-degloving-injury-of-the-penile-skin
#9
Helena Aineskog, Fredrik Huss
INTRODUCTION: Male genital degloving injuries are unusual and rarely caused by animal bite. Usually patients attend health care immediately if bitten in the genital area. Prophylactic antibiotics is routinely used (Gomes et al., 2000). A penile degloving usually begins just proximal of the coronal line and progress down to the base of the shaft. Deep erectile tissue and the spermatic cord are seldom damaged and the endogenous skin of glans usually survives (Brown and Fryer, 1957; Morey et al...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771685/staphylococcus-xylosus-meningitis-following-dog-bite
#10
Amitabh Singh, Rahul Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771334/exposure-and-preventive-behaviours-toward-ticks-and-lyme-disease-in-canada-results-from-a-first-national-survey
#11
Cécile Aenishaenslin, Catherine Bouchard, Jules K Koffi, Nicholas H Ogden
Lyme disease (LD) risk is increasing in Canada. In 2014, the government of Canada launched a national communication campaign to raise awareness and promote the adoption of individual preventive behaviours toward ticks and LD. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the adoption of LD preventive behaviours and the exposure to tick bites of Canadians in the five main targeted regions (British Columbia, Prairie provinces, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces). A national survey was conducted in December 2014 (n=2876) to collect data on LD awareness, behaviours and risk factors...
October 13, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768833/the-tale-of-two-thumbs-a-dog-and-a-wooden-table
#12
Sumeja Zahirovic, Faizah Siddique
A 55 year-old African American man presented to the Emergency Room with acute-onset fevers, chills, and bilateral thumb pain, swelling, and redness. MRI revealed extensive cellulitis involving bilateral hands and wrists, along with fluid collection and carpal bone erosion on the left. Given concerns for septic arthritis and osteomyelitis, patient underwent surgical debridement revealing an abscess in the wrist without osteomyelitis. Blood cultures grew Pasteurella multocida. Subsequently, patient noted two pet dogs at home, but no history of bites...
October 21, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767903/neurosurgical-sequelae-of-domestic-dog-attacks-in-children
#13
Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749625/gastric-perforation-after-a-dog-attack
#14
Hayaki Uchino, Akira Kuriyama, John Bruce, Grant Laing, Damian Clarke, George Oosthuizen
Dog bites are a major cause of injury, especially in the pediatric population. Common anatomic sites of dog bites on children are the peripheries and the head and neck. The torso is reportedly injured less frequently, and only 2 cases of intra-abdominal injury secondary to dog bites have been reported. We recently encountered a 3-year-old boy presenting with peritonitis who had sustained multiple dog bites to his trunk and upper limbs. Emergency laparotomy was performed. Surgical findings revealed penetration of the peritoneum and single perforation of the anterior gastric wall with multiple tooth marks; thus, the gastric perforation was debrided and repaired...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730539/human-rabies-a-2016-update
#15
Alan C Jackson
Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is usually transmitted to humans by animal bites. Dogs are the most important vector worldwide. There are encephalitic and paralytic forms of the disease. There are differences in the clinical features of the disease acquired from dogs and bats. Neuroimaging is non-specific. Confirmatory diagnostic laboratory tests for rabies include detection of neutralizing anti-rabies virus antibodies in serum or cerebrospinal fluid and rabies virus antigen or RNA in tissues or fluids. Rabies is preventable after recognized exposures with wound cleansing and administration of rabies vaccine and rabies immune globulin...
November 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723414/dog-bite-injuries-in-hospital-practice
#16
Christopher J Mannion, Aidan Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714889/comparison-between-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-findings-in-dogs-with-tick-borne-encephalitis-and-clinically-normal-dogs
#17
Christine Sievert, Henning Richter, Katrin Beckmann, Patrick R Kircher, Ines Carrera
In vivo diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is difficult due to high seroprevalence and rapid viral clearance, limiting detection of antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported, however MRI studies can also be negative despite the presence of neurologic signs. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H MRS) is an imaging method that provides additional information about the metabolic characteristics of brain tissues...
October 7, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713916/microsurgically-aided-upper-lip-replantation-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Jonas Gustafsson, Mattias Lidén, Andri Thorarinsson
A case with a patient who suffered an upper lip amputation and a lower lip laceration due to dog bite is presented. The amputated segment was replanted using microsurgical technique. The operative technique and postoperative care is presented, as well as a review of the current literature on the subject.
2016: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708442/perineal-evisceration-secondary-to-a-bite-injury-in-a-dog-with-an-untreated-perineal-hernia
#19
Daniel McCarthy, Cassie Lux, Rachel Seibert
Emergency surgery was performed on a 6-year-old castrated male springer spaniel dog with evisceration of most of the small intestinal tract through the perineal region, secondary to a dog attack. This is the first report describing successful treatment of perineal evisceration secondary to dog attack at an untreated perineal hernia, employing abdominal and perineal approaches.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688883/first-case-of-a-dog-bite-wound-infection-caused-by-streptococcus-minor-in-human
#20
M Tré-Hardy, T Saussez, J C Yombi, H Rodriguez-Villalobos
We report the first case of human infection caused by Streptococcus minor in a 51-year-old immunocompetent woman admitted for dog bite injuries. At present, the role of Streptococcus minor in bite wound infections is unknown. Further studies on virulence factors are needed to elucidate its pathogenicity mechanisms.
November 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
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