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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221318/evaluating-and-treating-mammalian-bites
#1
Donna Rasmussen, Alexandra Landon, Jennifer Powell, Gina R Brown
Mammalian bites, typically from dogs, cats, or humans, are a common presentation in EDs and family practice settings, and patients present with varying degrees of complexity. Injuries can range from local to systemic, including aggressive bacterial infections and permanent limb impairment. Using a systematic approach to initial wound assessment, followed by appropriate diagnostic testing and treatment, is critical to improved long-term patient outcomes.
March 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221291/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-facial-dog-bites-in-children
#2
Emily M Bratton, Liliya Golas, Leslie A Wei, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
PURPOSE: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites. METHODS: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,989 children aged 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215858/molecular-survey-of-dirofilaria-immitis-and-dirofilaria-repens-by-new-real-time-taqman-%C3%A2-pcr-assay-in-dogs-and-mosquitoes-diptera-culicidae-in-corsica-france
#3
Djamel Tahir, Fadi Bittar, Hélène Barré-Cardi, Doudou Sow, Mustapha Dahmani, Oleg Mediannikov, Didier Raoult, Bernard Davoust, Philippe Parola
Dirofilaria immitis and D. repens are filarioid nematodes of animals and humans, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Domestic and wild canids are a major natural host and reservoir for these parasites. In this study, we designed a duplex real-time PCR protocol targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene, detecting both D. immitis and D. repens using two primer pairs and two Dirofilaria-specific hydrolysable probes. The sensitivity and specificity of the primers and probes were tested in both experimental and naturally infected samples...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#4
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188732/modeling-the-transmission-dynamics-and-control-of-rabies-in-china
#5
REVIEW
Shigui Ruan
Human rabies was first recorded in ancient China in about 556 BC and is still one of the major public-health problems in China. From 1950 to 2015, 130,494 human rabies cases were reported in Mainland China with an average of 1,977 cases per year. It is estimated that 95% of these human rabies cases are due to dog bites. The purpose of this article is to provide a review about the models, results, and simulations that we have obtained recently on studying the transmission of rabies in China. We first construct a basic susceptible, exposed, infectious, and recovered (SEIR) type model for the spread of rabies virus among dogs and from dogs to humans and use the model to simulate the human rabies data in China from 1996 to 2010...
February 7, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180088/human-case-of-bacteremia-caused-by-streptococcus-canis-sequence-type-9-harboring-the-scm-gene
#6
Daisuke Taniyama, Yoshihiko Abe, Tetsuya Sakai, Takahide Kikuchi, Takashi Takahashi
Streptococcus canis (Sc) is a zoonotic pathogen that is transferred mainly from companion animals to humans. One of the major virulence factors in Sc is the M-like protein encoded by the scm gene, which is involved in anti-phagocytic activities, as well as the recruitment of plasminogen to the bacterial surface in cooperation with enolase, and the consequent enhancement of bacterial transmigration and survival. This is the first reported human case of uncomplicated bacteremia following a dog bite, caused by Streptococcus canis harboring the scm gene...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166482/post-exposure-rabies-prophylaxis-in-humans-exposed-to-animals-in-lublin-province-eastern-poland-in-2012-2015-a-retrospective-study
#7
Joanna Krzowska-Firych, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz, Agata Kozøowska
Rabies continues to be one of the most important viral diseases and remains a significant threat to public health across the globe. The post-exposure prophylaxis in humans can effectively prevent death after exposure to a potentially infected animal. In Poland, recommendations for rabies PEP followed the  national guidelines which recommend that people should receive PEP when bitten by an animal suspected to be infected by rabies. PEP in humans  includes cleansing and disinfecting the wound or point of contact, and administering anti-rabies immunization...
February 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149216/predictive-factors-of-neurovascular-and-tendon-injuries-following-dog-bites-to-the-upper-extremity
#8
Ram K Alluri, William Pannell, Nathanael Heckmann, Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Milan Stevanovic, Alidad Ghiassi
Background: Dog bite injuries to the upper extremity can result in traumatic neurovascular and musculotendinous damage. Currently, there are no clear guidelines dictating which patients may benefit from early operative exploration. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical variables that were predictive of abnormal intraoperative findings in patients who sustained an upper extremity dog bite injury. Methods: All patients who presented to a level I trauma center between 2007 and 2015 with an upper extremity dog bite injury who underwent subsequent surgical exploration were retrospectively screened for inclusion in our study...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130398/mandatory-desexing-of-dogs-one-step-in-the-right-direction-to-reduce-the-risk-of-dog-bite-a-systematic-review
#9
Katina D'Onise, Susan Hazel, Charles Caraguel
INTRODUCTION: Preventing dog bites is an intractable problem given the complex dog bite injury environment. Desexing of dogs has the opportunity of creating a safer injury environment, given the potential links between desexing and behaviour change in dogs. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine the evidence for desexing of dogs to reduce dog bite risk within a population health paradigm. Medline and CAB Abstracts were searched for studies that reported data on the association of dog neuter status with the risk of dog bite...
January 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123226/burden-of-bites-by-dogs-and-other-animals-in-los-angeles-county-california-2009-2011
#10
Caleb Lyu, Mirna Ponce Jewell, Jennifer Piron, Karen Ehnert, Emily Beeler, Alexandra Swanson, Lisa V Smith, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze all animal-to-human bite reports during a 3-year period from a regional surveillance database. Results helped to inform local efforts to reduce and prevent animal-to-human bites. METHODS: We reviewed all cases of animal-to-human bites occurring from 2009 through 2011 that were reported to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Animal Bites Database. We collected data on the bite victim's date of birth, age, and address; bite circumstances (ie, date, time, location, how bite occurred); anatomic site and treatment of bite; type of reporting facility; and breed and management of biting animal...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117644/escape-rates-and-biting-histories-of-dogs-confined-to-their-owner-s-property-through-the-use-of-various-containment-methods
#11
Nicole S Starinsky, Linda K Lord, Meghan E Herron
OBJECTIVE To determine escape rates for dogs confined to their owner's property by various containment methods and determine whether biting history was associated with containment method. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 974 owners of 1,053 dogs. PROCEDURES Individuals patronizing pet stores in Columbus, Ohio, were recruited to complete a survey on the method they used to confine their dogs to their property and their dogs' behavior history. RESULTS Dogs were confined to their owner's property by a physical fence (821/1,053 [78...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040481/estimating-the-intra-cluster-correlation-coefficient-for-evaluating-an-educational-intervention-program-to-improve-rabies-awareness-and-dog-bite-prevention-among-children-in-sikkim-india-a-pilot-study
#12
Aashima Auplish, Alison S Clarke, Trent Van Zanten, Kate Abel, Charmaine Tham, Thinlay N Bhutia, Colin R Wilks, Mark A Stevenson, Simon M Firestone
BACKGROUND: Educational initiatives targeting at-risk populations have long been recognized as a mainstay of ongoing rabies control efforts. Cluster-based studies are often utilized to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes and practices of a population in response to education campaigns. The design of cluster-based studies requires estimates of intra-cluster correlation coefficients obtained from previous studies. This study estimates the school-level intra-cluster correlation coefficient (ICC) for rabies knowledge change following an educational intervention program...
December 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033318/a-point-mutation-in-a-lincrna-upstream-of-gdnf-is-associated-to-a-canine-insensitivity-to-pain-a-spontaneous-model-for-human-sensory-neuropathies
#13
Jocelyn Plassais, Laetitia Lagoutte, Solenne Correard, Manon Paradis, Eric Guaguère, Benoit Hédan, Alix Pommier, Nadine Botherel, Marie-Christine Cadiergues, Philippe Pilorge, David Silversides, Maud Bizot, Mark Samuels, Carme Arnan, Rory Johnson, Christophe Hitte, Gilles Salbert, Agnès Méreau, Pascale Quignon, Thomas Derrien, Catherine André
Human Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies (HSANs) are characterized by insensitivity to pain, sometimes combined with self-mutilation. Strikingly, several sporting dog breeds are particularly affected by such neuropathies. Clinical signs appear in young puppies and consist of acral analgesia, with or without sudden intense licking, biting and severe self-mutilation of the feet, whereas proprioception, motor abilities and spinal reflexes remain intact. Through a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) with 24 affected and 30 unaffected sporting dogs using the Canine HD 170K SNP array (Illumina), we identified a 1...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994161/one-health-approach-to-cost-effective-rabies-control-in-india
#14
Meagan C Fitzpatrick, Hiral A Shah, Abhishek Pandey, Alyssa M Bilinski, Manish Kakkar, Andrew D Clark, Jeffrey P Townsend, Syed Shahid Abbas, Alison P Galvani
Over 20,000 rabies deaths occur annually in India, representing one-third of global human rabies. The Indian state of Tamil Nadu has pioneered a "One Health" committee to address the challenge of rabies in dogs and humans. Currently, rabies control in Tamil Nadu involves postexposure vaccination of humans after dog bites, whereas potential supplemental approaches include canine vaccination and sterilization. We developed a data-driven rabies transmission model fit to human rabies autopsy data and human rabies surveillance data from Tamil Nadu...
December 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982299/serosurvey-of-borrelia-in-dogs-horses-and-humans-exposed-to-ticks-in-a-rural-settlement-of-southern-brazil
#15
Denise Amaral Gomes Nascimento, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Thállitha Samih Wischral Jayme Vieira, Roberta Dos Santos Toledo, Katia Tamekuni, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Dos Santos, Daniela Dibb Gonçalves, Maria Luísa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo, Odilon Vidotto
The aims of the present study were to serosurvey dogs, horses, and humans highly exposed to tick bites for anti-Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. antibodies, identify tick species present, and determine risk factors associated with seropositivity in a rural settlement of Paraná State, southern Brazil. Eighty-seven residents were sampled, along with their 83 dogs and 18 horses, and individual questionnaires were administered. Immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was performed on serum samples and positive samples were subjected to western blot (WB) analysis...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977547/erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae-suppurative-arthritis-in-a-12-year-old-boy-after-an-unusual-fresh-water-exposure
#16
Laila S Alawdah, Jaime N Campbell, Nira Pollock, Paula I Watnick
We report the case of a 12-year-old boy who experienced recurrent suppurative arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint after near simultaneous exposure to a frog, a dog bite, and lake water. Anaerobic cultures of synovial fluid obtained during operative debridement grew small round gray colonies ultimately identified as Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae by routine laboratory tests and mass spectrometry.
December 12, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976647/case-profile-volume-analysis-and-dropout-rate-of-antirabies-vaccination-regimens-among-animal-bite-victims-in-gujarat
#17
Kishor M Dhaduk, Sumit V Unadkat, Pooja R Katharotiya, Ankit R Mer, Monika C Chaudhary, Mrudul M Prajapati
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a preventable neglected public health problem and associated with multiple cultural, religious, and social practices, myths in our country. There is a lack of organized surveillance system to measure the incidence of animal bite and human rabies as well as to evaluate cost-saving of different routes, regimen, and types of antirabies vaccines (ARV)/immunoglobulin available in India. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to know dropout rate in intradermal (i...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974829/evidence-for-a-los-and-a-capsular-polysaccharide-in-capnocytophaga-canimorsus
#18
Francesco Renzi, Simon J Ittig, Irina Sadovskaya, Estelle Hess, Frederic Lauber, Melanie Dol, Hwain Shin, Manuela Mally, Chantal Fiechter, Ursula Sauder, Mohamed Chami, Guy R Cornelis
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a dog's and cat's oral commensal which can cause fatal human infections upon bites or scratches. Infections mainly start with flu-like symptoms but can rapidly evolve in fatal septicaemia with a mortality as high as 40%. Here we present the discovery of a polysaccharide capsule (CPS) at the surface of C. canimorsus 5 (Cc5), a strain isolated from a fulminant septicaemia. We provide genetic and chemical data showing that this capsule is related to the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) and probably composed of the same polysaccharide units...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931927/owned-dog-ecology-and-demography-in-villa-de-tezontepec-hidalgo-mexico
#19
Luz Maria Kisiel, Andria Jones-Bitton, Jan M Sargeant, Jason B Coe, D T Tyler Flockhart, Alejandro Reynoso Palomar, Erick J Canales Vargas, Amy L Greer
Dog overpopulation in developing countries has negative implications for the health and safety of people, including the transmission of zoonotic diseases, physical attacks and intimidation to humans and animals, as well as impacts on canine welfare. Understanding the ecology and demographic characteristics of a dog population can help in the planning and monitoring of canine population control programs. Little data exist regarding demography and dynamics of domestic dog populations in semi-urban areas in Mexico...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918466/evaluating-a-website-to-teach-children-safety-with-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
David C Schwebel, Peng Li, Leslie A McClure, Joan Severson
Dog bites represent a significant threat to child health. Theory-driven interventions scalable for broad dissemination are sparse. A website was developed to teach children dog safety via increased knowledge, improved cognitive skills in relevant domains, and increased perception of vulnerability to bites. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 69 children aged 4-5 randomly assigned to use the dog safety website or a control transportation safety website for ~3 weeks. Assessment of dog safety knowledge and behavior plus skill in three relevant cognitive constructs (impulse control, noticing details, and perspective-taking) was conducted both at baseline and following website use...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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