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Dog bite

Toru Oshima, Maki Ohtani, Sohtaro Mimasaka
In recent years, the number of bear attacks has risen in Akita prefecture, Japan. Here, we present the injury patterns of seven fatal bear attacks, and discuss the implication of these findings. We included five cases of Asiatic black bear attacks and two cases of Ezo brown bear attacks. In all cases, the injuries, 2-5 parallel linear lacerations with severe hemorrhaging and decollement, were mainly located on the upper body. These injuries were thought to be fatal as, upon a first encounter, bears often stand and first attack the victim's head and face using their claws...
February 27, 2018: Forensic Science International
T J Beyene, M C M Mourits, C W Revie, H Hogeveen
The objective of this study was to identify factors that determine medical treatment seeking behaviour following potential rabies exposure after being bitten by a suspected dog and the likelihood of compliance to receive sufficient doses of post-exposure prophylaxis after the visit to a health centre visit. A detailed survey based on case investigation was conducted on suspected rabid dog bite cases in three areas of Ethiopia. Two multivariable logistic regression models were created with a set of putative variables to explain treatment seeking and compliance outcomes...
March 10, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Nicole Bertin, Gabriele Brosolo, Fabrizio Pistola, Francesco Pelizzo, Christian Marini, Franco Pertoldi, Olga Vriz
BACKGROUND: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a bacterium of the normal oral flora of dogs and cats. Human infection is caused by animal bite but is rarely observed, mainly in immunocompromised patients. We present 2 cases of C. canimorsus infection that occurred in immunocompetent patients and caused multiorgan failure and in both cases severe neurologic involvement. CASE REPORT: In the first case, we present a 69-year-old immunocompetent woman with septic shock derived from skin and soft tissue infection after a dog's bite...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jordana L Burdon Bailey, Luke Gamble, Andrew D Gibson, Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Richard J Mellanby, Stella Mazeri
Rabies is an important neglected disease, which kills around 59,000 people a year. Over a third of these deaths are in children less than 15 years of age. Almost all human rabies deaths in Africa and Asia are due to bites from infected dogs. Despite the high efficacy of current rabies vaccines, awareness about rabies preventive healthcare is often low in endemic areas. It is therefore common for educational initiatives to be conducted in conjunction with other rabies control activities such as mass dog vaccination, however there are few examples where the efficacy of education activities has been assessed...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Gaëlle Pédrono, Cécile Ricard, Marilyne Bouilly, Claude Béata, Guillaume Sarcey, Bertrand Thélot
INTRODUCTION: Every year in France dog bites lead to several thousand visits to emergency departments and numerous hospital admissions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the sequelae 16 months after dog bites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following an initial epidemiological study on the severity of 485 dog bites carried out in 8 hospital emergency departments between May 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010, a second study investigating sequelae 16 months after the bite was conducted among 298 patients between September 2010 and December 2011...
February 23, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
I M Markusse, S P van Mens, P J de Vries
A 40-year-old woman with a history of liver cirrhosis presented with septic shock caused by an Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bacteraemia after a cat bite. A. succiniciproducens sepsis can develop after a cat or dog bite, especially in immunocompromised hosts, or might occur after translocation from the gut flora. It is a potentially lethal infection.
March 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Ernest Kenu, Vincent Ganu, Charles Lwanga Noora, Richard Adanu, Margaret Lartey
BACKGROUND: Dog bites are common in developing countries including Ghana, with the victims often being children. Although some breeds of dogs have been identified as being more aggressive than others, all dog bites carry a risk of infection. Immediate and initial assessment of the risk for tetanus and rabies infection with appropriate interventions such as wound management and subsequent selection of prophylactic antibiotics are essential in the management of dog bites. This study examined the management of patients with dog bites by frontline service providers at primary healthcare facilities in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana...
February 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Alexander Morzycki, Andrew Simpson, Jason Williams
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Though government statistics exist, there is an overall paucity of data evaluating dog bite injuries. What did this study ask? We aimed to describe the nature of dog bite injuries, their management, and their long-term complications. What did this study find? Of 475 dog bites, large muscular breeds were most frequently implicated. Eleven percent of bites occurred in the head and neck region, three patients were admitted to the hospital, and a 10% infection rate was identified...
March 1, 2018: CJEM
Oliver Vincent Cawley, Anna S Walsh, Imran Asghar, Hans U Desmarowitz, George A Antoniou
Dog bites in the upper limbs have particular significance, as despite the small size of the puncture wounds, penetration is deep, causing serious injuries to deeper structures. There is currently very little data relating to upper extremity dog bite arterial injury. We present the case of a 32-year-old man who sustained a dog bite injury to his right arm, leading to direct puncture and spasm of the brachial artery. He was successfully treated with a jump bypass graft to the right brachial artery, with the use of the reversed ipsilateral cephalic vein as a conduit...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Luara Teixeira Colombo, Gabriel Mulinari-Santos, Cecília Alves de Sousa, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Idelmo Rangel Garcia-Júnior, Leonardo Perez Faverani
The frequency of accidents due to dog bite in children is high, and in the most cases, the child already knows the aggressor dog. Patient, 3 years, female, melanoderm, victim of pet dog attack on the right side of the face region. After the physical examination, conscious sedation was performed with the supplementation of oxygen by pediatrics and the suture by oral and maxillofacial surgeon, under local anesthesia with adrenergic vasoconstrictor, with internal points in the muscles using vicryl 4-0 and in the skin with 5-0 nylon; the lesser number of stitches were performed in the lower region of the wound, allowing spontaneous drainage spaces...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
M Echchakery, J Nieto, S Boussaa, N El Fajali, S Ortega, K Souhail, H Aajly, C Chicharro, E Carrillo, J Moreno, A Boumezzough
In Morocco, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic disease caused by the flagellated protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum. L. infantum is transmitted by the bite of female phlebotomine sandflies, and its main reservoir hosts are domestic dogs. Asymptomatic infection with L. infantum is more frequent than clinically apparent disease. In HIV-infected patients, the risk of clinical VL is increased due to immunosuppression that may reactivate latent infections. However, coinfected subjects do not necessarily develop VL and may remain as asymptomatic carriers depending on their immune status...
February 24, 2018: Parasitology Research
Tariku Jibat Beyene, Monique C M Mourits, Abraham Haile Kidane, Henk Hogeveen
In developing countries where financial resources are limited and numerous interests compete, there is a need for quantitative data on the public health burden and costs of diseases to support intervention prioritization. This study aimed at estimating the health burden and post-exposure treatment (PET) costs of canine rabies in Ethiopia by an investigation of exposed human cases. Data on registered animal bite victims during the period of one year were collected from health centers in three districts, i.e...
2018: PloS One
Jackson Fein, David Bogumil, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified risk factors for dog bites in children, but use data from individual trauma centers, with limited generalizability. This study identifies a population risk profile for pediatric dog bites using the National Trauma Data Bank. We hypothesized that the population at risk was younger boys, that such bites occur at home, are moderately severe, and are on the face or neck. METHODS: For this retrospective cross-sectional study, a sample of 7912 children 17 years old and younger with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 event code E906...
February 8, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley
BACKGROUND: Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and prevention. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a community of 1280 households in Cheshire, UK, surveyed 694 respondents in 385 households. Data included dog ownership and bite history, demographics, health and personality (Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) brief measure)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Antonio Andreu Ruiz, Tomás Ros Argente Del Castillo, José Moya Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
H Henderson, L R Carpenter, J R Dunn
The canine variant of the rabies virus has been eliminated in the United States. Among the public and many healthcare providers, however, dog bites are still associated with risk for rabies transmission. This study examined the risk of rabies in biting dogs and the use of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (rPEP) for dog bite victims in Tennessee. The study included a retrospective analysis of laboratory testing requisitions for dogs from 2002 to 2016, collection of clinical data on confirmed rabies-positive dogs from 2008 to 2016 and analysis of hospital discharge data for rPEP from 2007 to 2014...
February 12, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
N S De Paula, E A Saraiva, I M Araújo, K K G Nascimento, D A Xavier, K S Santos, E M N Abreu, R J P S Guimãraes, I Abel
Animal bites are a serious public health issue, and prevention strategies have been consistently documented worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize human anti-rabies treatment in 11 counties of the Salgado microregion, Pará state, Brazil, which borders the Bragantina microregion, where exposures of human rabies were reported in 2004 and 2005. A descriptive retrospective study was conducted using anti-rabies treatment notifications registered in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database of the State Department of Public Health of Pará (SESPA) from January 2000 to December 2014...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
J Riggs, J F Ladlow, L J Owen, J L Hall
Internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flaps were used to reinforce primary appositional rectal wall repair in three dogs and one cat in this case series. All three dogs incurred rectal wall compromise during surgical excision of anal sac tumours. The cat sustained bite wounds to the perianal region resulting in abscessation and a rectal tear. Our results indicate that application of an internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flap can reduce the risk of rectal wall dehiscence after primary repair, and consequently the risk of pararectal abscess or rectocutaneous fistula formation...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Louis-Philippe Thibault, Elizabeth Rousseau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Y R Li, L L Zhu, W Y Zhu, X Y Tao
Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of human rabies in China in 2016 and provide evidence for the control and prevention of human rabies. Methods: The incidence data of human rabies in China in 2016 were collected from national infectious disease reporting information management system. The surveillance data were collected from provinces of Shandong, Guizhou, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangsu and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Excel 2013 software was used to process and summarize the data, the epidemiological characteristics of human rabies in China in 2016 were described by using indicators such as morbidity, mortality and constituent ratio...
January 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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