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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742094/epidemiology-clinical-features-and-risk-factors-for-human-rabies-and-animal-bites-during-an-outbreak-of-rabies-in-maputo-and-matola-cities-mozambique-2014-implications-for-public-health-interventions-for-rabies-control
#1
Cristolde Salomão, Amílcar Nacima, Lutero Cuamba, Lorna Gujral, Olga Amiel, Cynthia Baltazar, Julie Cliff, Eduardo Samo Gudo
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, the majority of rabies outbreaks are unreported and data on the epidemiological features of human rabies and animal bites are scarce. An outbreak of human rabies in adjacent Maputo and Matola cities in 2014 prompted us to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors of human rabies and animal bites in the two cities. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We reviewed cases of human rabies and animal bites from April to July 2014, and carried out a community investigation in July and August in the neighborhoods where cases of human rabies resided...
July 24, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736610/dog-bite-injuries-to-humans-and-the-use-of-breed-specific-legislation-a-comparison-of-bites-from-legislated-and-non-legislated-dog-breeds
#2
Nanci Creedon, Páraic S Ó'Súilleabháin
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate if differences in dog bite characteristics exist amongst legislated and non-legislated dog breeds listed under breed-specific legislation in Ireland (age when bitten, anatomical bite locations, triggers for biting, victim's relationship with the dog, geographical location and owner presence, history of aggression, reporting bite incident to authorities, medical treatment required following the bite, and type of bite inflicted)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719253/cost-effectiveness-evaluation-of-a-novel-integrated-bite-case-management-program-for-the-control-of-human-rabies-haiti-2014-2015
#3
Eduardo A Undurraga, Martin I Meltzer, Cuc H Tran, Charisma Y Atkins, Melissa D Etheart, Max F Millien, Paul Adrien, Ryan M Wallace
AbstractHaiti has the highest burden of rabies in the Western hemisphere, with 130 estimated annual deaths. We present the cost-effectiveness evaluation of an integrated bite case management program combining community bite investigations and passive animal rabies surveillance, using a governmental perspective. The Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) was first implemented in three communes of the West Department, Haiti. Our evaluation encompassed all individuals exposed to rabies in the study area (N = 2,289) in 2014-2015...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712151/the-incidence-of-public-sector-hospitalisations-due-to-dog-bites-in-australia-2001-2013
#4
Mithun Rajshekar, Leigh Blizzard, Roberta Julian, Anne-Marie Williams, Marc Tennant, Alex Forrest, Laurence J Walsh, Gary Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of dog bite-related injuries requiring public sector hospitalisation in Australia during the period 2001-13. METHODS: Summary data on public sector hospitalisations due to dog bite-related injuries with an ICD 10-AM W54.0 coding were sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the study period 2001-2013. RESULTS: In Australia, on average, 2,061 persons were hospitalised each year for treatment for dog bite injuries at an annual rate of 12...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683380/dog-bites-rabies-and-one-health-towards-improved-coordination-in-research-policy-and-practice
#5
Melanie J Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling
Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence between humans and non-human species in complex socio-ecological systems. Despite intuitive appeal, One Health applications and critiques remain under-developed with respect to social science and social justice. In this article, we report on an ethnographic case-study of policies on dog bites and rabies, with a focus on Calgary, Alberta, Canada, which is widely recognized as a leader in animal-control policies...
June 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678689/a-clinical-approach-to-animal-bites-with-an-avulsion-flap-a-case-report
#6
Andrew Williamson, Cyril Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Animal bites are a common reason for visits to the Emergency Department in the US and worldwide. There are many different approaches to managing these wounds. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 90-year-old white woman who sustained a large dog bite to her hand, over the dorsal aspect of the first metacarpal. We used the avulsion flap as a biologic dressing and employed a perforating technique to successfully treat the wound and allow for optimal wound healing...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676127/bites-from-the-same-dog-different-outcomes-for-two-patients-a-case-report
#7
Xue-Yong Huang, Xing-Le Li, Shu-Yu Wu, Yu-Lei Gu, Xin-Jun Lv, John David Klena, Bian-Li Xu
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a serious reemerging zoonosis in China. At present human rabies cases are primarily diagnosed based on clinical presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: In August 2012, a woman and her son were attacked by a stray dog in Henan, China. The son received rabies postexposure prophylaxis (wound treatment followed by vaccine, no immunoglobulin), however, the mother did not. Rabies infection was subsequently laboratory confirmed in the mother and she died in December; her son is alive and healthy after 2 years of follow-up...
July 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669642/compound-posterior-cruciate-ligament-and-popliteal-artery-injury-due-to-dog-bite-a-case-report
#8
Yashwant Singh Tanwar, Atin Jaiswal, Hitesh Lal, Ashok Rajput
Injuries due to dog bites are a common occurrence and are mostly trivial. Severe dog bite injuries requiring hospitalization and complex reconstructive procedures are more common in children. We present the case of a five year old child with popliteal artery thrombosis and compound Posterior Cruciate ligament injury due to a dog bite. The child was managed by immediate thrombectomy, meticulous debridement and knee spanning external fixation followed by Skin Grafting. At one year post surgery range of motion was 10-110°, with no distal neurovascular deficit and no sign of instability...
June 29, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643547/rabies%C3%A2-%C3%A2-epidemiology-pathogenesis-public-health-concerns-and-advances-in-diagnosis-and-control-a-comprehensive-review
#9
Rajendra Singh, Karam Pal Singh, Susan Cherian, Mani Saminathan, Sanjay Kapoor, G B Manjunatha Reddy, Shibani Panda, Kuldeep Dhama
Rabies is a zoonotic, fatal and progressive neurological infection caused by rabies virus of the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae. It affects all warm-blooded animals and the disease is prevalent throughout the world and endemic in many countries except in Islands like Australia and Antarctica. Over 60,000 peoples die every year due to rabies, while approximately 15 million people receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) annually. Bite of rabid animals and saliva of infected host are mainly responsible for transmission and wildlife like raccoons, skunks, bats and foxes are main reservoirs for rabies...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638297/pediatric-nasal-tip-amputation-successfully-treated-with-nonmicrovascular-replantation-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#10
Jason D Pou, H Devon Graham
BACKGROUND: Nasal tip amputation is a rare but difficult problem to manage. Nonmicrovascular nasal tip replantation is a valid and relatively simple repair option for moderate nasal defects, but tissue ischemia and graft failure occur frequently. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a pediatric nasal tip amputation from a dog bite treated with replantation within 5 hours. The 2.5-cm avulsed tip contained skin, cartilage, and mucosa and was replanted as a 3-layer composite graft...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607238/sri-lanka-takes-action-towards-a-target-of-zero-rabies-death-by-2020
#11
P A Lionel Harischandra, Amila Gunesekera, Navaratnasingam Janakan, Gyanendra Gongal, Bernadette Abela-Ridder
Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable and 100% fatal zoonotic, viral disease. It is usually spread to humans by saliva, through bites or scratches. Dogs are the source of the vast majority of human deaths from rabies. Political will and leadership have been the main drivers for success of the Sri Lankan effort to reduce the burden of disease attributable to rabies. Post-exposure prophylaxis, which is available in government health facilities, at no cost, to all bite patients, has been a main axis of the rabies-elimination strategy...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605885/epidemiology-of-animal-bites-and-factors-associated-with-delays-in-initiating-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-rabies-prevention-among-animal-bite-cases-a-population-based-study
#12
Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Sajad Vahedi, Mohammad Shamsadiny, Mousa Ghelichi Ghojogh, Nahid Hatam
Objectives: One way to prevent deaths due to rabies is the timely utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Therefore, in addition to an understanding of the epidemiological distribution of animal bites, it is necessary to explore the factors leading to delays in PEP initiation. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran in 2011, and included 7097 cases of animal bites recorded at the Rabies Treatment Center of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences using the census method...
2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601528/novel-areas-for-prevention-and-control-of-canine-leishmaniosis
#13
REVIEW
Guadalupe Miró, Christine Petersen, Luís Cardoso, Patrick Bourdeau, Gad Baneth, Laia Solano-Gallego, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Lluís Ferrer, Gaetano Oliva
There have been multiple recent advances regarding tools for the control and prevention of canine leishmaniosis (CanL), including new preventative vaccines. In this review, these advances are evaluated based on control targets, including vector and parasite. Leishvet recommendations are provided for control practices based on the dog's risk of infection. New topical insecticide formulations have proven to be effective in preventing sand fly bites, and subsequently infection. Parasite control occurs through chemotherapeutic or immunologic means, which decrease or prevent transmission to other animals, including humans...
June 7, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597975/domestic-predation-of-an-elder-a-fatal-dog-attack-case
#14
Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Yann Delannoy, Jocelyn Pollard, Anne Becart, Valéry Hedouin
We present the case of a 91-year-old woman lived alone at her home with two domestic dogs, that is,, a Labrador Retriever and a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and found dead. The investigation of the scene revealed that the Bull Terrier's jawbone and chest were covered with blood. The autopsy revealed multiple, histologically confirmed, life-threatening skin and bone lacerations without scavenging marks. The punctures and tearing of each of the wounds on the skin were compatible with bites. A left humeral fracture and multiple fractures of the right facial bones were observed...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595654/dog-rabies-data-reported-to-multinational-organizations-from-southern-and-eastern-african-countries
#15
Tariku Jibat Beyene, Monique C M Mourits, Henk Hogeveen
OBJECTIVE: Rabies is one of the viral diseases with the highest case fatality rate in humans. The main transmission route to humans is through bites, especially of infected dogs. Decisions on the allocation of resources to control and reduce the socio-economic impacts of rabies require reliable data. Several national, regional and international organizations have been gathering rabies data for more than a decade. The objective of this paper was to examine the consistencies in the number of dog rabies cases reported to different multinational organizations by Southern and Eastern African countries and to explore the presence of any time trend among the reported rabies data...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587535/a-fatal-case-of-hypothermia-caused-by-dog-bites
#16
Yanning Li, Ruipeng Shen, Runtao Ding, Gehua Wen, Ao Du, Zhibin Dong, Xinghua Ren, Hui Yao, Baoli Zhu, Rubo Li, Yan Lu, Xu Wu
Death from hypothermia usually *We presented a fatal case of hypothermia after being bitten by dog in this article. occurs among people exposed to cold and humid environmental conditions when they are homeless, aged, suffering from natural or psychiatric diseases and drug or alcohol intoxication. A normal healthy person dying from hypothermia due to dog bites is unusual and rare. Here, we present a fatal case of hypothermia following dog bites causing blood loss and multiple wounds on the body. A 56-year-old man was found dead in a remote roadside puddle of a small village, early in the morning...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540191/bilateral-testicular-loss-due-to-dog-bite-in-a-child
#17
Taketoshi Nara, Eiji Hisamatsu, Akiko Haruna, Yoshifumi Sugita
Although animal bites are common, genital trauma caused by animal bites is rare. Here we report a case of bilateral testicular loss in an infant due to a dog bite. The patient was bitten by a friend's dog while his mother was intoxicated and, therefore, did not receive immediate medical attention. Although initial treatment with subsequent genital reconstruction and hormone replacement is important for children with genital trauma, it is too important to make home safe for them.
May 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510517/biosimilars-in-oncology-reality-could-bite-the-copycats-dog-potential-major-savings
#18
Timothy Kelley
No one knows how much of an effect biosimilars will have on oncology expenditures. Pricing and market share are in a large, opaque "to be determined" cloud. But there's certainly potential for a major impact that could lower oncology expenditures by millions, if not billions.
March 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484703/the-ilocos-norte-communities-against-rabies-exposure-elimination-project-in-the-philippines-epidemiological-and-economic-aspects
#19
Loida M Valenzuela, Sarah I Jayme, Anna Charinna B Amparo, Louise H Taylor, Maria Pinky Z Dela Cruz, Dianne A Licuan, Rosebelle Gamal-Bitao, Louis H Nel
As canine rabies control in Africa and Asia transitions from research-led proof-of-concept studies to government-led programs for elimination, experience and evidence of their impact and costs must be shared for the benefit of future programs. The Ilocos Norte Communities against Rabies Exposure project was implemented in April 2012 by the provincial veterinary and health offices and supported by many other partners. It delivered a comprehensive dog vaccination program and increased awareness of the need for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), aiming to eliminate human and animal rabies cases from Ilocos Norte by 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471786/redefinition-of-nasal-alar-rim-after-dog-bite
#20
Renzo Panizza, Marco Ghiglione, Enrico Zingarelli, Michela Massa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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