keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Net

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654929/temperature-effects-on-life-history-traits-of-two-sympatric-branchiopods-from-an-ephemeral-wetland
#1
Wan-Ping Huang, Lien-Siang Chou
Temperature effects on organisms are of multiple scientific interests, such as for their life history performance and for the study of evolutionary strategies. We have cultured two sympatric branchiopod species from an ephemeral pond in northern Taiwan, Branchinella kugenumaensis and Eulimnadia braueriana, and compared their hatching rate, maturation time, sex ratio, growth of body length, survivorship, clutch size, net reproductive rate R0, generation time TG, and intrinsic rate of natural increase r in relation to temperature (15, 20, 25 and 30°C)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654740/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-use-of-the-malaria-prevention-measures-among-the-patients-of-the-department-of-tropical-and-parasitic-diseases-university-center-of-maritime-and-tropical-medicine-gdynia-based-on-a-questionnaire-performed-in-the-years-2012-20
#2
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654698/the-future-of-the-london-buy-to-let-property-market-simulation-with-temporal-bayesian-networks
#3
Anthony C Constantinou, Norman Fenton
In 2015 the British government announced a number of major tax reforms for individual landlords. To give landlords time to adjust, some of these tax measures are being introduced gradually from April 2017, with full effect in tax year 2020/21. The changes in taxation have received much media attention since there has been widespread belief that the new measures were sufficiently skewed against landlords that they could signal the end of the Buy-To-Let (BTL) investment era in the UK. This paper assesses the prospective performance of BTL investments in London from the investor's perspective, and examines the impact of incoming tax reforms using a novel Temporal Bayesian Network model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654669/role-of-magnesium-supplementation-in-the-treatment-of-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Emily K Tarleton, Benjamin Littenberg, Charles D MacLean, Amanda G Kennedy, Christopher Daley
Current treatment options for depression are limited by efficacy, cost, availability, side effects, and acceptability to patients. Several studies have looked at the association between magnesium and depression, yet its role in symptom management is unclear. The objective of this trial was to test whether supplementation with over-the-counter magnesium chloride improves symptoms of depression. An open-label, blocked, randomized, cross-over trial was carried out in outpatient primary care clinics on 126 adults (mean age 52; 38% male) diagnosed with and currently experiencing mild-to-moderate symptoms with Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores of 5-19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654644/net-profit-flow-per-country-from-1980-to-2009-the-long-term-effects-of-foreign-direct-investment
#5
Dirk H M Akkermans
AIM OF THE PAPER: The paper aims at describing and explaining net profit flows per country for the period 1980-2009. Net profit flows result from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) stock and profit repatriation: inward stock creating a profit outflow and outward FDI stock a profit inflow. Profit flows, especially 'normal' ones are not commonly researched. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: According to world-system theory, countries are part of a system characterised by a core, semi-periphery and periphery, as shown by network analyses of trade relations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654581/improved-rates-of-immediate-breast-reconstruction-at-safety-net-hospitals
#6
Tiffany N S Ballard, Lin Zhong, Adeyiza O Momoh, Kevin C Chung, Jennifer F Waljee
BACKGROUND: Substantial federal resources have been directed toward ensuring the delivery of high-quality care at safety net hospitals. Although disparities in receipt of breast reconstruction persist at the patient level, the extent to which hospital factors contribute to these differences remains unclear. The rates of immediate breast reconstruction across safety net and non-safety net hospitals were investigated. METHODS: Women 21 years and older with breast cancer or increased risk of breast cancer undergoing immediate post-mastectomy reconstruction were identified in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654231/enhanced-adhesion-of-mosquitoes-to-rough-surfaces
#7
Leila Pashazanusi, Baraka Lwoya, Shreyas Oak, Tushar Khosla, Julie N L Albert, Yu Tian, Geetha Bansal, Nirbhay Kumar, Noshir S Pesika
Insects and small animals capable of adhering reversibly to a variety of surfaces employ the unique design of the distal part of their legs. In the case of mosquitoes, their feet are composed of thousands of micro- and nanoscale protruding structures, which impart superhydrophobic properties. Previous research has shown that the superhydrophobic nature of the feet allows mosquitoes to land on water, which is necessary for their reproduction cycle. Here, we show that van der Waals interactions are the main adhesion mechanism employed by mosquitoes to adhere to various surfaces...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654022/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-insights-from-the-2017-asco-gastrointestinal-cancers-symposium
#8
Renuka Iyer, Alexandria T Phan, J Philip Boudreaux
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are rare malignancies that originate in the gastrointestinal system. GEP-NETs are typically indolent, but tumors known as "functional" secrete hormones that can lead to a complex of symptoms, including flushing, diarrhea, bronchospasm, and valvular heart disease. Management of patients with GEP-NETs requires a multidisciplinary approach, as treatment modalities include surgery, radiology, and pharmacotherapy. The available pharmacologic agents have increased in recently, and now include cytotoxic chemotherapies, somatostatin analogues, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and radioisotopic radiotherapies...
April 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653795/reduced-energy-density-of-close-up-diets-decrease-ruminal-ph-and-increase-concentration-of-volatile-fatty-acids-postpartum-in-holstein-cows
#9
Wenming Huang, Yujia Tian, Shengli Li, Zhaohai Wu, Zhijun Cao
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of reduced energy density of close-up diets on ruminal fermentation parameters in transition cows. Fourteen Holstein dry cows were blocked and assigned randomly to three groups fed a high energy density diet (HD, 1.62 Mcal of net energy for lactation (NEL )/kg dry matter (DM)), or a middle energy density diet (MD, 1.47 Mcal NEL /kg DM), or a low energy density diet (LD, 1.30 Mcal NEL /kg DM) prepartum, and were fed the same diet postpartum. The reduced energy density diets decreased the average dry matter intake (DMI) prepartum and tended to increase the DMI postpartum...
June 27, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653151/identification-of-quantitative-trait-loci-associated-with-resistance-to-net-form-net-blotch-in-a-collection-of-nordic-barley-germplasm
#10
Ronja Wonneberger, Andrea Ficke, Morten Lillemo
Association mapping of resistance to Pyrenophora teres f. teres in a collection of Nordic barley germplasm at different developmental stages revealed 13 quantitative loci with mostly small effects. Net blotch, caused by the necrotrophic fungus Pyrenophora teres, is one of the major diseases in barley in Norway causing quantitative and qualitative yield losses. Resistance in Norwegian cultivars and germplasm is generally insufficient and resistance sources have not been extensively explored yet. In this study, we mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with resistance to net blotch in Nordic germplasm...
June 26, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653146/investigation-of-the-optimum-heel-pad-stiffness-a-modeling-study
#11
Che-Yu Lin, Hung-Jui Chuang, Daniel H Cortes
Due to the controversy regarding the criterion for diagnosing heel pad (HP) pathology based on evaluating the state of the heel pad stiffness (HPS), this paper intended to apply modeling to understand the influence of the HPS on the mechanical responses of the HP at heelstrike during locomotion, in an attempt to investigate the optimum HPS in terms of the health-related mechanical responses. Two different models, a finite element model and a classical mechanical model, were used to simulate the mechanical responses (force loading and deformation) experienced by the HP at heelstrike...
June 26, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652955/perioperative-fasting-and-the-patient-experience
#12
Telliane Chon, Alfred Ma, Connie Mun-Price
Standard preparation for a surgical procedure requires patients to fast (nulla per os [NPO]) after midnight before their operation. Unfortunately, given the unpredictable nature of operating room scheduling and unavoidable delays, patients may find themselves anxiously waiting and fasting much longer than expected. In recent years, the usefulness of prolonged fasting to prevent pulmonary aspiration has been questioned. According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) guidelines, unnecessarily prolonged fasting can be avoided by allowing patients to have clear liquids with the minimal fasting time of only two hours...
May 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652873/the-value-of-complementing-administrative-data-with-abstracted-information-on-smoking-and-obesity-a-study-in-kidney-cancer
#13
Madhur Nayan, Robert J Hamilton, Antonio Finelli, Peter C Austin, Girish S Kulkarni, David N Juurlink
INTRODUCTION: Variables, such as smoking and obesity, are rarely available in administrative databases. We explored the added value of including these data in an administrative database study evaluating the association of statin use with survival in kidney cancer. METHODS: We linked administrative data with chart-abstracted data on smoking and obesity for 808 patients undergoing nephrectomy for kidney cancer. Base models consisted of variables from administrative databases (age, sex, year of surgery, and different measures of comorbidity [to compare their sensitivity to smoking and obesity data]); extended models added chart-abstracted data...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652863/stimulation-and-inhibition-of-enzymatic-hydrolysis-by-organosolv-lignins-as-determined-by-zeta-potential-and-hydrophobicity
#14
Yang Huang, Shaolong Sun, Chen Huang, Qiang Yong, Thomas Elder, Maobing Tu
BACKGROUND: Lignin typically inhibits enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulosic biomass, but certain organosolv lignins or lignosulfonates enhance enzymatic hydrolysis. The hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions between lignin and cellulases play critical roles in the enzymatic hydrolysis process. However, how to incorporate these two interactions into the consideration of lignin effects has not been investigated. RESULTS: We examined the physicochemical properties and the structures of ethanol organosolv lignins (EOL) from hardwood and softwood and ascertained the association between lignin properties and their inhibitory and stimulatory effects on enzymatic hydrolysis...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652726/a-novel-scoring-index-by-doppler-echocardiography-for-predicting-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-chronic-lung-diseases-a-cross-sectional-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#15
Rong Jiang, Cheng Wu, Bigyan Pudasaini, Lan Wang, Qin-Hua Zhao, Rui Zhang, Wen-Hui Wu, Ping Yuan, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Jin-Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) resulting from a chronic lung disease (CLD) (severe CLD-PH) requires more aggressive treatment due to its increased mortality compared with mild PH. Therefore, we developed a Doppler echocardiography scoring index (ESI) to predict severe CLD-PH. METHODS: A derivation cohort of 107 patients with CLD who underwent echocardiography was classified into two groups, the normal/mild PH group and the severe PH group, based on the right heart catheterization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652692/combined-30-degree-bevel-up-and-down-technique-against-0-degree-phaco-tip-for-phacoemulsification-surgery-of-hard-cataracts
#16
Rajesh Subhash Joshi, Sonal Jayant Muley
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effective phaco time (EPT), cumulative dissipated energy (CDE) and nucleus emulsification time (NET) as phaco parameters with 0- and 30-degree phaco tip. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, interventional and observational case series included 294 patients scheduled for cataract removal by phacoemulsification technique. Patients with nuclear cataracts of grade 4 and 5 nuclear opalescence of Lens Opacities Classification System III were included in the study...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652352/insect-outbreak-shifts-the-direction-of-selection-from-fast-to-slow-growth-rates-in-the-long-lived-conifer-pinus-ponderosa
#17
Raul de la Mata, Sharon Hood, Anna Sala
Long generation times limit species' rapid evolution to changing environments. Trees provide critical global ecosystem services, but are under increasing risk of mortality because of climate change-mediated disturbances, such as insect outbreaks. The extent to which disturbance changes the dynamics and strength of selection is unknown, but has important implications on the evolutionary potential of tree populations. Using a 40-y-old Pinus ponderosa genetic experiment, we provide rare evidence of context-dependent fluctuating selection on growth rates over time in a long-lived species...
June 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652016/overall-effectiveness-of-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#18
Li Wang, Onur Baser, Phil Wells, W Frank Peacock, Craig I Coleman, Gregory J Fermann, Jeff Schein, Concetta Crivera
PURPOSE: Due to limited evidence on the impact of rivaroxaban in clinical practice, we compared the effectiveness of rivaroxaban versus standard of care (SOC) among patients in the Veterans Health Administration. METHODS: Adult patients with continuous enrollment in a health plan with medical and pharmacy benefits for ≥12 months before and ≥3 months after an inpatient diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) between October 1, 2011, and June 30, 2015, and a prescription claim for an anticoagulant during the index hospitalization, were included...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651567/benefits-and-harms-of-prostate-cancer-screening-predictions-of-the-oncotyrol-prostate-cancer-outcome-and-policy-model
#19
Nikolai Mühlberger, Kristijan Boskovic, Murray D Krahn, Karen E Bremner, Willi Oberaigner, Helmut Klocker, Wolfgang Horninger, Gaby Sroczynski, Uwe Siebert
BACKGROUND: A recent recalibration of the ONCOTYROL Prostate Cancer Outcome and Policy (PCOP) Model, assuming that latent prostate cancer (PCa) detectable at autopsy might be detectable by screening as well, resulted in considerable worsening of the benefit-harm balance of screening. In this study, we used the recalibrated model to assess the effects of familial risk, quality of life (QoL) preferences, age, and active surveillance. METHODS: Men with average and elevated familial PCa risk were simulated in separate models, differing in familial risk parameters...
June 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651471/grading-and-prognostication-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-pancreas-a-comparison-study-of-ki67-and-phh3
#20
Jessica Tracht, Kui Zhang, Deniz Peker
Grading of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) is currently based on mitotic rate and Ki67 proliferation index. Phosphohistone-H3 (PHH3) is an effective marker for mitosis that has been proposed to use in grading various NETs. It remains unclear which method more accurately predicts grade and clinical outcome. Cases of pNET were evaluated using immunohistochemical stains for Ki67 and PHH3. In addition, each case was evaluated for necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion and compared with stage...
July 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
keyword
keyword
27306
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"