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Alternative medicine

Maria Luz Fernandez, Minu Sara Thomas, Bruno S Lemos, Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Melissa Melough, Ock K Chun, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Hana Alyousef, Isabel Medina-Vera
BACKGROUND: Telomerase Activator 65 (TA-65), a compound extracted from Astragalus membranaceus has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for extending life span. Scarce information exists on the effects of TA-65 on parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: We recruited 40 patients with MetS to determine the effects of TA-65 on dyslipidemias, hypertension, and oxidative stress in this at-risk population. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover design in which patients were allocated to consume either 16 mg daily of a TA-65 supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Nicholas M Pantelides, Jeyaram R Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Implant rippling is a frequent complication following breast augmentation or implant-based reconstruction and results in significant patient dissatisfaction. Traditionally, the treatment has been to replace the implant, often placing it in a subpectoral pocket to reduce the risk of recurrence. Other techniques, such as increasing the implant size or tightening the capsule, can also be used. Recently, however, there has been much interest in alternative treatments, including fat grafting or insertion of an acellular dermal matrix...
March 15, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Alexandra N Welz, Agnes Emberger-Klein, Klaus Menrad
BACKGROUND: The use of herbal medicine, as one element of complementary and alternative medicine, is increasing worldwide. Little is known about the reasons for and factors associated with its use. This study derives insights for the use of herbal medicine in Germany regarding the usage aims, role played by the type of illness, reasons for preferred usage and sources of information. METHODS: Using a qualitative methodological approach, six focus groups (n = 46) were conducted...
March 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hyeon Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The development of an alternative medicine to treat atopic dermatitis (AD) from natural sources is necessary. AIMS: To improve skin barrier dysfunction by enhancing the differentiation of human keratinocytes with the fermented Scutellaria baicalensis. METHODS: Scutellaria baicalensis was fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum and extracted with 70% ethanol (FE). Antioxidant activities and the regulation of the gene expression related to keratinocyte differentiation were measured as well as its proliferation...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Bingbo Zhang, Wei Yan, Yanjing Zhu, Weitao Yang, Wenjun Le, Bingdi Chen, Rongrong Zhu, Liming Cheng
Patients are increasingly being diagnosed with neuropathic diseases, but are rarely cured because of the loss of neurons in damaged tissues. This situation creates an urgent clinical need to develop alternative treatment strategies for effective repair and regeneration of injured or diseased tissues. Neural stem cells (NSCs), highly pluripotent cells with the ability of self-renewal and potential for multidirectional differentiation, provide a promising solution to meet this demand. However, some serious challenges remaining to be addressed are the regulation of implanted NSCs, tracking their fate, monitoring their interaction with and responsiveness to the tissue environment, and evaluating their treatment efficacy...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Cheryl Ann Green
Prayer is viewed in modern medicine as a complimentary alternative treatment. However, to many patients, it is a source of hope and comfort. Patients, when facing illness, advanced disease, disability or death, can benefit from prayer. For healthcare providers, comfort with praying with patients can be deemed as unprofessional conduct or blurred therapeutic boundaries, particularly, when prayer is offered to patients' unsolicited by the patient or their family member(s). Therefore, it is imperative that healthcare providers await the request of prayer by the patient before prayer is initiated...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/724743.].
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
James C Courtenay, Ram I Sharma, Janet L Scott
Tissue engineering is a rapidly advancing field in regenerative medicine, with much research directed towards the production of new biomaterial scaffolds with tailored properties to generate functional tissue for specific applications. Recently, principles of sustainability, eco-efficiency and green chemistry have begun to guide the development of a new generation of materials, such as cellulose, as an alternative to conventional polymers based on conversion of fossil carbon (e.g., oil) and finding technologies to reduce the use of animal and human derived biomolecules (e...
March 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jihye Seo, Cheol Hyun Kim, Hongmin Chu, Yeonju Moon, Sangkwan Lee
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common disease of primary headache, which it causes many kinds of secondary diseases or symptoms. The treatment drugs have sometimes shown side effects such as overuse headache, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the demand for complementary and alternative interventions for migraine has increased. Herbal medicines are a representative intervention to treat migraine traditionally. Among these herbal medicines, Banhabaekchulchunma-tang (BBT) and Chongsanggeontong-tang (CGT) have been most commonly used for migraine treatment in traditional clinical practice...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Walter Busch
OBJECTIVE: Peroxyethane acid (POA) is capable of disrupting the ring of bacterial catalase and has a broad microbiocidal spectrum. Following application, POA degrades to acetic acid and peroxide. There are no residues and no resistance development. Because POA administration for bladder and wound lavage in human medicine produced positive results, the substance was tested for the treatment of cows with endometritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After successful preliminary trials under clinical conditions, a comparative analysis using standard uterine treatments, focusing particularly on antibiotics, followed...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Mehdi Trifa, Dmitry Tumin, Hina Walia, Kathleen L Lemanek, Joseph D Tobias, Tarun Bhalla
Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies has increased in children, especially in those with chronic health conditions. However, this increase may not translate into acceptance of CAM in the perioperative setting. We surveyed caregivers of patients undergoing surgery to determine their knowledge and acceptance of hypnotherapy, acupuncture, and music therapy as alternatives to standard medication in the perioperative period. Materials and methods: An anonymous, 12-question survey was administered to caregivers of children undergoing procedures under general anesthesia...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Christy J W Ledford, Carla L Fisher, David A Moss, Paul F Crawford
INTRODUCTION: Although an increasing number of physicians are completing medical acupuncture training, only half of those physicians are able to successfully incorporate acupuncture into practice. We conducted a qualitative study to identify the factors and barriers that can enhance and impede physicians' delivery of and patients' engagement in medical acupuncture within the family medicine clinic. METHODS: We conducted interviews with 15 family physicians and 17 patients in a US family medicine clinic that has integrated medical acupuncture into its practice...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Jingxiang Chen, Haoda Fu, Xuanyao He, Michael R Kosorok, Yufeng Liu
Precision medicine is an emerging scientific topic for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual patient characteristics. It is an important direction for clinical research, and many statistical methods have been proposed recently. One of the primary goals of precision medicine is to obtain an optimal individual treatment rule (ITR), which can help make decisions on treatment selection according to each patient's specific characteristics. Recently, outcome weighted learning (OWL) has been proposed to estimate such an optimal ITR in a binary treatment setting by maximizing the expected clinical outcome...
March 13, 2018: Biometrics
Rita Palmeira-de-Oliveira, Rita Monteiro Machado, José Martinez-de-Oliveira, Ana Palmeira-de-Oliveira
The HET-CAM (Hen's Egg Test-Chorioallantoic Membrane) assay is an in vitro alternative to the in vivo Draize Rabbit Eye test that mimics vascular changes in the chorioallantoic membrane. This qualitative method assesses the irritancy potential of chemicals. The CAM responds to injury with an inflammatory process similar to that in the rabbit eye's conjunctival tissue. Regarding topical toxicity assessment of medical devices, ISO 10993-10 states that any skin or eye irritant material shall be directly labelled as a potential vaginal irritant without animal testing, suggesting that the irritation potential for the eye and the vaginal epithelia is similar...
March 11, 2018: ALTEX
Shenglong Zou, Ujendra Kumar
The biological effects of cannabinoids, the major constituents of the ancient medicinal plant Cannabis sativa (marijuana) are mediated by two members of the G-protein coupled receptor family, cannabinoid receptors 1 (CB1R) and 2. The CB1R is the prominent subtype in the central nervous system (CNS) and has drawn great attention as a potential therapeutic avenue in several pathological conditions, including neuropsychological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore, cannabinoids also modulate signal transduction pathways and exert profound effects at peripheral sites...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Ayman I Elkady, Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Saleh Alkarim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal herb, Anethum graveolens L. (dill) is one of the potent culinary herbs used as an alternative form of medicine worldwide. The unguent topical Oil from the aerial parts of A. graveolens was found to be effective in the management of uterus cancer in ethnomedicine has been reported. BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are steadily rising worldwide, especially, in underdeveloped and developing countries...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Te-Mao Li, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Chih-Ho Lai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Due to the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/AIDS is now regarded as a treatable chronic disease. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is a type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that has been widely applied in the healthcare system in Taiwan. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of use and patterns of prescription for the CHM-based treatment of HIV-infected patients and to assess the long-term effects of CHM on hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease events in these patients...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
M Colinart-Thomas, V Noël, G Roques, S Gordes-Grosjean, M Abely, C Pluchart
Sickle cell disease, a hemoglobin disorder with autosomal recessive transmission, is one of the most common genetic diseases screened in France. Thanks to early management, 95% of sickle cell patients reach adulthood and require transition from pediatric care to adult care. Through a retrospective study of records from serious sickle cell patients over 17 years old, followed in the hematology-oncology pediatric unit of Reims University Hospital Center in France, we analyzed transition conditions, compared pediatric and adult management, and proposed a plan for transition care...
March 9, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Ezra M Cohen, Michelle L Dossett, Darshan H Mehta, Roger B Davis, Yvonne C Lee
OBJECTIVES: Sleep difficulties are a serious health problem in children, and interest in using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to treat sleep is growing. In this study, we aimed to identify: the prevalence of sleep difficulties in children, and the prevalence and patterns of CAM use among children with trouble sleeping. METHODS: We used the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset to estimate the prevalence of sleep difficulties and CAM use in children ages 6-17 years...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Steven Street, Samantha Bond, Deepika R Laddu, Carl J Lavie, Andrew P Hills
Noncommunicable and chronic disease are interchangeable terms. According to the World Health Organization, "they are of long duration and generally slow progression. The 4 main types of chronic diseases are cardiovascular diseases (ie, heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes." We have known about the benefits of physical activity (PA) for thousands of years. Perhaps our approach, from public health messaging to the individual clinical encounter, as to how PA and exercise are discussed and prescribed can be improved upon, with the ultimate goal of increasing the likelihood that an individual moves more; ultimately moving more should be the goal...
April 2018: Current Problems in Cardiology
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