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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145555/from-sgt-pepper-to-dreamachines-my-scientific-odyssey-with-william-s-burroughs
#1
Andrew J Lees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143680/abortion-as-empowerment-reproductive-rights-activism-in-a-legally-restricted-context
#2
Julia McReynolds-Pérez
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the strategies used by activist health professionals in Argentina who justify providing abortion despite legal restrictions on the procedure. These "insider activists" make a case for abortion rights by linking pregnancy termination to a woman's ability to exert agency at a key point in her reproductive life, and argue that refusing women access to the procedure constitutes a grievous health risk. This argument frames pregnancy termination as an issue of empowerment and also as a medical necessity...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143236/the-making-of-informed-choice-in-midwifery-a-feminist-experiment-in-care
#3
Margaret E MacDonald
This paper is about the clinical principle of informed choice-the hallmark feature of the midwifery model of care in Ontario, Canada. Drawing on ethnographic history interviews with midwives, I trace the origins of the idea of informed choice to its roots in the social movement of midwifery in North America in the late 1960s and 1970s. At that time informed choice was not the distinctive feature of midwifery but was deeply embedded what I call midwifery's feminist experiment in care. But as midwifery in Ontario transitioned from a social movement to a full profession within the formal health care system, informed choice was strategically foregrounded in order to make the midwifery model of care legible and acceptable to a skeptical medical profession, conservative law makers, and a mainstream clientele...
November 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142532/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-receptivity-to-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-e-cigarette-use-among-baseline-non-users-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-united-states
#4
Israel T Agaku, Kevin Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Shanna Cox, William Ridgeway, Brian A King
Background: We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Methods: A nationally representative online panel was used to survey non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes (n = 2191) at baseline and 5-month follow-up. At baseline, respondents were shown an e-cigarette advertisement and asked if they were aware of it (exposure)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141654/early-career-researchers-want-open-science
#5
Andrea Farnham, Christoph Kurz, Mehmet Ali Öztürk, Monica Solbiati, Oona Myllyntaus, Jordy Meekes, Tra My Pham, Clara Paz, Magda Langiewicz, Sophie Andrews, Liisa Kanninen, Chantal Agbemabiese, Arzu Tugce Guler, Jeffrey Durieux, Sarah Jasim, Olivia Viessmann, Stefano Frattini, Danagul Yembergenova, Carla Marin Benito, Marion Porte, Anaïs Grangeray-Vilmint, Rafael Prieto Curiel, Carin Rehncrona, Tareq Malas, Flavia Esposito, Kristina Hettne
Open Science is encouraged by the European Union and many other political and scientific institutions. However, scientific practice is proving slow to change. We propose, as early career researchers, that it is our task to change scientific research into open scientific research and commit to Open Science principles.
November 15, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140619/-i-would-go-if-my-arm-were-hanging-off-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-of-small-farm-owners-in-central-new-york-state
#6
David J Droullard, Pamela J Tinc, Julie A Sorensen
Compared to their rural non-farming peers, farmers are less likely to access preventive healthcare services; however, the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. We conducted semi-structured interviews with a total of 30 farm household members in central New York. Interview topics included farming identity, perceptions of one's health, past experiences with acute and preventive healthcare, and attitudes toward seeking healthcare services. Grounded Theory analysis of the interview transcripts revealed that (1) utilizing healthcare services is felt to be in conflict with the farming identity, (2) the need to conserve time and money for farm applications poses a barrier to healthcare utilization, (3) farmers decide to seek healthcare when they believe it is necessary to ensure survival of the farm, and (4) the decision to seek healthcare is most strongly driven by the presence of intolerable symptoms, prompting from others, and the perception that treatment will yield clear benefits...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139220/creating-and-facilitating-change-for-person-centred-coordinated-care-p3c-the-development-of-the-organisational-change-tool-p3c-oct
#7
Jane Horrell, Helen Lloyd, Thavapriya Sugavanam, James Close, Richard Byng
BACKGROUND: Person Centred Coordinated Care (P3C) is a UK priority for patients, carers, professionals, commissioners and policy makers. Services are developing a range of approaches to deliver this care with a lack of tools to guide implementation. METHODOLOGY: A scoping review and critical examination of current policy, key literature and NHS guidelines, together with stakeholder involvement led to the identification of domains, subdomains and component activities (processes and behaviours) required to deliver P3C...
November 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138156/return-to-learn-after-concussion-in-children
#8
Andrew Irvine, Shelina Babul, Ran D Goldman
Question Despite recent interest in the pathophysiology and management of concussion in children, as well as the ongoing concern about return to activity, advice regarding the type and length of cognitive rest has been inconsistent. What should I recommend to the children and adolescents in my clinic regarding cognitive rest following mild concussion? Answer Strict cognitive rest is not needed in those with mild concussion. Evidence suggests a decrease in usual activity to a level that allows children to remain asymptomatic, followed by a gradual return to learning, is appropriate...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138009/human-papillomavirus-hpv-infection-in-females-with-normal-cervical-cytology-genotyping-and-phylogenetic-analysis-among-women-in-punjab-pakistan
#9
Hafsa Aziz, Huma Iqbal, Humera Mahmood, Shazia Fatima, Muhammad Faheem, Areej Abdul Sattar, Sobia Tabassum, Sanum Napper, Syeda Batool, Nuzhat Rasheed
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the world, seventh overall with account for an estimated 300,000 annual deaths. HPV is the second most common cause of cervical cancer worldwide. HPV screening is not a common practice in Pakistan. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of HPV and HPV types in females with normal cytology of cervix in Upper and Lower region of Punjab Pakistan and analyze the risk factors for HPV in this region. METHOD: In this study, we performed PCR analysis for 1011 female patients with normal cytology of cervix from various districts in Punjab Province, Pakistan and risk factors for acquisition of HPV were studied...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137716/-a-phantasia-and-severely-deficient-autobiographical-memory-scientific-and-personal-perspectives
#10
Nicholas W Watkins
I address two interlinked aspects of the diversity in our experiences of memory and the mind's eye. I summarise the long-appreciated role of imagery in mathematics and the physical sciences, and contrast it with the evidence that some scientists have had limited or zero imagery. I then recount the story of how I became aware of my own lack of mental imagery, and the accompanying deficit in my episodic memory, how I have sought scientific understanding of these conditions, and how they have affected my life.
November 7, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137653/prognostic-value-of-pam50-and-risk-of-recurrence-score-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-with-long-term-follow-up
#11
Hege O Ohnstad, Elin Borgen, Ragnhild S Falk, Tonje G Lien, Marit Aaserud, My Anh T Sveli, Jon A Kyte, Vessela N Kristensen, Gry A Geitvik, Ellen Schlichting, Erik A Wist, Therese Sørlie, Hege G Russnes, Bjørn Naume
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the PAM50 intrinsic subtypes and risk of recurrence (ROR) score in patients with early breast cancer and long-term follow-up. A special focus was placed on hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) pN0 patients not treated with chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients with early breast cancer (n = 653) enrolled in the observational Oslo1 study (1995-1998) were followed for distant recurrence and breast cancer death...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137647/new-eight-genes-identified-at-the-clinical-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-dms06669-strain-in-a-vietnam-hospital
#12
Nguyen Si-Tuan, Hua My Ngoc, Pham Thi Thu Hang, Cuong Nguyen, Pham Hung Van, Nguyen Thuy Huong
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen that can develop multidrug resistance. In this study, we characterized the genome of the A. baumannii strain DMS06669 (isolated from the sputum of a male patient with hospital-acquired pneumonia) and focused on identification of genes relevant to antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Whole genome analysis of A. baumannii DMS06669 from hospital-acquired pneumonia patients included de novo assembly; gene prediction; functional annotation to public databases; phylogenetics tree construction and antibiotics genes identification...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135660/preferably-not-my-surgery-a-survey-of-patient-and-family-member-comfort-with-concurrent-and-overlapping-surgeries
#13
Jonathan P Edgington, Michael E Petravick, Olumuyiwa A Idowu, Michael J Lee, Lewis L Shi
BACKGROUND: Concurrent and overlapping surgical procedures are a timely topic. The 2 largest publications on the topic were limited to a journalistic overview and a government committee report. Since then, a recent survey of paid individuals found that they disapprove of overlapping surgical procedures in many cases. Still, we are aware of no work that specifically polled patients and their family members about their beliefs on concurrent and overlapping surgical procedures. We hypothesized that patients and family members will be uncomfortable with 1 surgeon performing overlapping or concurrent surgical procedures...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134193/snowball-earth-climate-dynamics-and-cryogenian-geology-geobiology
#14
Paul F Hoffman, Dorian S Abbot, Yosef Ashkenazy, Douglas I Benn, Jochen J Brocks, Phoebe A Cohen, Grant M Cox, Jessica R Creveling, Yannick Donnadieu, Douglas H Erwin, Ian J Fairchild, David Ferreira, Jason C Goodman, Galen P Halverson, Malte F Jansen, Guillaume Le Hir, Gordon D Love, Francis A Macdonald, Adam C Maloof, Camille A Partin, Gilles Ramstein, Brian E J Rose, Catherine V Rose, Peter M Sadler, Eli Tziperman, Aiko Voigt, Stephen G Warren
Geological evidence indicates that grounded ice sheets reached sea level at all latitudes during two long-lived Cryogenian (58 and ≥5 My) glaciations. Combined uranium-lead and rhenium-osmium dating suggests that the older (Sturtian) glacial onset and both terminations were globally synchronous. Geochemical data imply that CO2 was 10(2) PAL (present atmospheric level) at the younger termination, consistent with a global ice cover. Sturtian glaciation followed breakup of a tropical supercontinent, and its onset coincided with the equatorial emplacement of a large igneous province...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133748/books-from-my-shelf
#15
Sunil Pandya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133651/comparison-of-30-2-standard-and-fast-programs-of-swedish-interactive-threshold-algorithm-of-humphrey-field-analyzer-for-perimetry-in-patients-with-intracranial-tumors
#16
Manav Deep Singh, Kanika Jain
PURPOSE: To find out whether 30-2 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm (SITA) Fast is comparable to 30-2 SITA Standard as a tool for perimetry among the patients with intracranial tumors. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study involving 80 patients aged ≥18 years with imaging proven intracranial tumors and visual acuity better than 20/60. The patients underwent multiple visual field examinations using the two algorithms till consistent and repeatable results were obtained...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132949/redefining-neuroendocrinology-epigenetics-of-brain-body-communication-over-the-life-course
#17
REVIEW
Bruce S McEwen
The brain is the central organ of stress and adaptation to stress that perceives and determines what is threatening, as well as the behavioral and physiological responses to the stressor, and it does so somewhat differently in males and females. The expression of steroid hormone receptors throughout the brain has broadened the definition of 'neuroendocrinology' to include the reciprocal communication between the entire brain and body via hormonal and neural pathways. Mediated in part via systemic hormonal influences, the adult and developing brain possess remarkable structural and functional plasticity in response to stress, including neuronal replacement, dendritic remodeling, and synapse turnover...
November 10, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132279/-i-will-take-arvs-once-my-body-deteriorates-an-analysis-of-swazi-men-s-perceptions-and-acceptability-of-test-and-start
#18
Alfred K Adams, Agostino M Zamberia
Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world. To mitigate the spread and devastation caused by HIV and to improve the wellbeing of people living with HIV, the country has adopted the latest available HIV prevention campaigns, including "Test and Start". Because evidence from randomised controlled trials has demonstrated a significant risk reduction in HIV transmission when HIV-positive people start antiretroviral therapy (ART) early, Swaziland aims to find these people and link them to treatment. This study presents findings regarding the perceptions of this promising HIV-prevention intervention among men aged 17-69 years...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131739/yoga-as-sanctuary-a-valuable-mind-body-intervention-for-the-lesbian-community
#19
Karen Myers
Poetic autoethnography provides a research methodology to explore yoga as a mind-body intervention that creates sanctuary. Using this qualitative method and retrieving data from my personal journals, daily workout journals, experiences as a lesbian-identified participant in yoga classes, and yoga instructor, I turn the research lens on myself in order to examine my sociological life story. At a critical time in my life when I was struggling with the fragmentation, anxiety, and despair resulting from dealing with homophobia in a heteronormative world, yoga provided sanctuary for me...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130538/-what-if-this-is-my-chance-to-save-my-life-a-semi-structured-interview-study-on-the-motives-and-experiences-of-esrd-patients-who-engaged-in-public-solicitation-of-a-living-kidney-donor
#20
Mathilde C Pronk, Dorthe Slaats, Willij C Zuidema, Medard T Hilhorst, Frank J M F Dor, Michiel Betjes, Willem Weimar, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Emma K Massey
The increase of patients using public solicitation (PS) to find a living kidney donor has generated a debate about the ethical complexities of PS. To investigate why patients engaged in PS and what they experienced during PS we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Dutch end-stage renal disease patients who had publicly solicited a living donor. Transcipts were thematically analyzed. We identified ten themes on patients' considerations preceding PS: cautiousness in discussing living donation within social network; reluctance to accept a kidney from loved ones; rejection/withdrawal of related donor candidates; moral objections to black market organs/paid donation; the ease of social media; encouraged by others; ends justyfying the means; despair and urge to take action; public disclosure of vulnerability; fear of being (perceived to be) selfish...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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