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Anterior resection syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453211/fistulation-between-a-colonic-j-pouch-and-the-upper-vagina-in-an-irradiated-pelvis-a-rare-complication-following-low-anterior-resection-with-colonic-j-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-rectal-cancer
#1
James Tankel, Shlomo Yellineck, Petachia Reissman
Formation of a colonic J-pouch with anastomosis to the rectal stump is an accepted form of reconstruction after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal carcinoma. It is thought this can help prevent the onset of LAR syndrome as well as improve the quality of life in the first two years following surgery. Rectovaginal fistulation is a recognised complication of this form of surgery usually occurring because of technical failure leading to inclusion of the vaginal wall into the stapled anastomosis. We present an as of yet unreported case of fistulation between the upper horizontal staple line of a colonic J-pouch-the tip of the 'J'-which was formed extracorporeally with the posterior vaginal fornix...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450698/validation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-score
#2
Emi Akizuki, Hiroshi Matsuno, Tetsuta Satoyoshi, Masayuki Ishii, Akihiro Usui, Tomomi Ueki, Toshihiko Nishidate, Kenji Okita, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Masaki Mori, Ichiro Takemasa
BACKGROUND: The low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score is a patient-reported outcome measure to evaluate the severity of bowel dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery by scoring the major symptoms of LARS. The aim of this study was to translate the English version of the LARS score into Japanese and to investigate the validity and reliability of the LARS score. METHODS: The LARS score was translated in Japanese following current international recommendations...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449689/current-and-emerging-therapies-for-pnets-in-patients-with-or-without-men1
#3
REVIEW
Morten Frost, Kate E Lines, Rajesh V Thakker
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNETs) might occur as a non-familial isolated endocrinopathy or as part of a complex hereditary syndrome, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). MEN1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the combined occurrence of PNETs with tumours of the parathyroids and anterior pituitary. Treatments for primary PNETs include surgery. Treatments for non-resectable PNETs and metastases include biotherapy (for example, somatostatin analogues, inhibitors of receptors and monoclonal antibodies), chemotherapy and radiological therapy...
February 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447025/anal-sphincter-dysfunction-in-patients-treated-with-primary-radiotherapy-for-anal-cancer-a-study-with-the-functional-lumen-imaging-probe
#4
Susanne Haas, Pia Faaborg, Donghua Liao, Søren Laurberg, Hans Gregersen, Lilly Lundby, Peter Christensen, Klaus Krogh
BACKGROUND: Sphincter-sparing radiotherapy or chemoradiation are standard treatments for patients with anal cancer. The ultimate treatment goal is full recovery from anal cancer with preserved anorectal function. Unfortunately, long-term survivors often suffer from severe anorectal symptoms. The aim of the present study was to characterize changes in anorectal physiology after radiotherapy for anal cancer. METHOD: We included 13 patients (10 women, age 63.4 ± 1...
February 15, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445946/paravertebral-tumours-of-the-cervicothoracic-junction-extending-into-the-mediastinum-surgical-strategies-in-a-no-man-s-land
#5
Georgios K Prezerakos, Parag Sayal, Antonios Kourliouros, Periclis Pericleous, George Ladas, Adrian Casey
PURPOSE: Cervicothoracic paravertebral neoplasms extending into the mediastinum pose a surgical challenge due the complex regional anatomy, their biological nature, rarity and surgeon's unfamiliarity with the region. We aim to define a surgical access framework addressing the aforementioned complexities whilst achieving oncological clearance. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of 28 consecutive patients operated in two tertiary referral centres between 1998 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401331/supraclavicular-thoracic-outlet-decompression-in-the-high-performance-military-population
#6
Joseph M White, Andrew J Soo Hoo, Scott R Golarz
Background: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is a relatively common disorder and often affects younger, physically active populations. The modern American military is a population at risk for the development of nTOS given the intense physical training requirements. The purpose of this study is to determine functional recovery in the active duty military population resulting in full, unrestricted return-to-duty status following supraclavicular thoracic outlet decompression with partial first rib resection, partial anterior scalenectomy, and brachial plexus neurolysis...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394785/-a-colorectal-cancer-with-invasive-micropapillary-carcinoma
#7
Arisa Muratsu, Shingo Noura, Tae Matsumura, Masaki Hirota, Harunobu Yasuyama, Chikato Koga, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Masahiro Murakami, Ryohei Kawabata, Junzo Shimizu, Hideaki Miwa, Junichi Hasegawa
A 76-year-old woman with bloody stool visited a nearby hospital. Colonoscopy showed a type 1 tumor in the rectum, and the biopsy indicated moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. She was referred to our hospital. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT did not show swollen lymph nodes in the regional nodes or distant metastases. Laparoscopic lower anterior resection was performed. Histopathological examination indicated pT1b, pN3, ly3, and v1, fStage III b, which had a partial invasive micropapillary carcinoma(IMPC)component of papillary adenocarcinoma...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388461/the-infraclavicular-approach-for-paget-schroetter-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
G Samoila, C P Twine, I M Williams
Introduction Paget-Schroetter syndrome is a rare effort thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein, mainly occurring in young male patients. Current management involves immediate catheter directed thrombolysis, followed by surgical decompression of the subclavian vein. This has been invariably performed using a transaxillary or supraclavicular approach. However, the subclavian vein crosses the first rib anteriorly just behind the manubrium and can also be accessed via an infraclavicular incision. Methods MEDLINE ® and Embase™ were searched for all studies on outcomes in patients undergoing infraclavicular first rib resection for treatment of Paget-Schroetter syndrome...
February 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362342/-a-case-report-of-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-in-a-patient-with-rectal-cancer-and-polysplenia-syndrome
#9
Akinobu Furutani, Akio Shiomi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Hiroyasu Kagawa, Yushi Yamakawa, Shoichi Manabe, Yusuke Yamaoka, Yusuke Ogi, Yoshinobu Nagasawa, Hitoshi Hino, Shunichiro Kato, Takuya Suzuki, Kakeru Torii, Kohei Koido
Polysplenia syndrome is a rare congenital disease characterized by variable thoracic and abdominal anomalies. A man in his 70s was diagnosed with rectal cancer by close exploration for fecal occult blood. A barium enema revealed a type 1 rectal tumor andwith non-rotation of intestine. CT revealed multiple abnormalities: a polyspleen, preduodenal portal vein, congenital absence of the pancreatic tail, bilateral superior vena cava, andbilateral bilobedlung. Basedon these findings, the patient was diagnosedas having rectal cancer with polysplenia syndrome andtreatedwith robotic assistedlaparoscopic low anterior resection...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354755/forestier-syndrome-presenting-with-dysphagia-case-report-of-a-rare-presentation
#10
Numan Karaarslan, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Tezcan Çalışkan, Abdullah Talha Simsek
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) (Forestier syndrome) is a rheumatologic disease, the etiology of which is not exactly known. It is characterized by spinal osteophyte formations resulting from the ossification of the paravertebral ligaments and muscles. Anterior longitudinal ligament is the usual site of involvement and the frequency of the disease increases after the 5th decade. Lower cervical segments are the most frequently involved regions whereas the upper cervical involvement leading to dysphagia is very rare...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316129/anastomotic-leakage-after-side-to-end-anastomosis-for-rectal-cancer-does-leakage-location-matter
#11
Elisabeth Hain, Léon Maggiori, Magaly Zappa, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
AIM: To assess outcome according to location of anastomotic leakage (AL) after side-to-end stapler or manual low colorectal or coloanal anastomosis following laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer. METHODS: All patients presenting with symptomatic or asymptomatic AL after TME and side-to-end low anastomosis for rectal cancer performed from 2005 to 2014 were identified from our prospective database. CT-scans with contrast enema were reviewed to assess location of AL origin...
January 6, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313248/functional-outcomes-with-handsewn-versus-stapled-anastomoses-in-the-treatment-of-ultralow-rectal-cancer
#12
Lisa Ramage, Paul Mclean, Constantinos Simillis, Shengyang Qiu, Christos Kontovounisios, Emile Tan, Paris Tekkis
Adequate oncological outcomes have been demonstrated with rectal resection and handsewn coloanal anastomosis (CAA) in tumours in close proximity to the internal anal sphincter. Our aim was to assess functional differences between handsewn CAA and ultralow stapled anastomosis. Participants were identified from a single-surgeon series. Included participants underwent anorectal physiology testing of anal sphincter function, in addition to completion of several questionnaires: Wexner Incontinence Score (WIS); Birmingham Bowel, Bladder and Urinary Symptom Questionnaire (BBUSQ); Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) Score; SF36...
January 8, 2018: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313107/treatment-possibilities-for-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Audrius Dulskas, Edgaras Smolskas, Inga Kildusiene, Narimantas E Samalavicius
AIM: Up to 80% of patients after low anterior resection, experience (low) anterior resection syndrome (ARS/LARS). However, there is no standard treatment option currently available. This systemic review aims to summarize treatment possibilities for LARS after surgical treatment of rectal cancer in the medical literature. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the terms anterior resection syndrome, low anterior resection, colorectal/rectal/rectum, surgery/operation, pelvic floor rehabilitation, biofeedback, transanal irrigation, sacral nerve stimulation, and tibial nerve stimulation...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245220/case-report-of-intestinal-non-rotation-heterotaxy-and-polysplenia-in-a-patient-with-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Spyridon Pagkratis, Sara Kryeziu, Miranda Lin, Samah Hoque, Juan Carlos Bucobo, Jonathan M Buscaglia, Georgios V Georgakis, Aaron R Sasson, Joseph Kim
RATIONALE: Heterotaxy with polysplenia is an extremely rare congenital condition resulting from abnormal arrangement of organs in the abdominal and thoracic cavities during embryologic development. When a malignancy such as pancreatic cancer develops under these conditions, surgical resection becomes particularly complex. This case report demonstrates successful pancreatic cancer resection despite the patient's complicated anatomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 82-year-old female presented to our institution with complaints of mild right upper quadrant pain radiating to the mid-epigastric region...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226518/acceptability-and-benefit-of-rectal-irrigation-in-patients-with-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#15
G M McCutchan, D Hughes, Z Davies, J Torkington, C Morris, J A Cornish
AIM: Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) following rectal cancer surgery impairs the patient's quality of life (QoL). Rectal Irrigation has been demonstrated to be effective for anterior resection syndrome but many surgeons do not suggest it as a treatment. This feasibility study aimed to explore treatment acceptability and the benefit of rectal irrigation in patients who developed LARS following an anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: This was a qualitative study, involving semi-structured interviews...
December 11, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203973/long-term-functional-and-oncological-outcomes-following-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancers
#16
Sivakumar Mahalingam, Ramakrishnan Ayloor Seshadri, Surendran Veeraiah
Surgery for low rectal cancer often involves a permanent stoma. Intersphincteric resection (ISR) with colo-anal anastomosis is a valuable sphincter sparing surgical procedure that avoids the need for permanent stoma in patients with low rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term functional and oncological outcomes following ISR. This was a retrospective analysis of patients with low rectal cancer who underwent ISR with colo-anal anastomosis in our institution between 2007 and 2015. All patients had a diversion stoma...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201451/neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-thymus
#17
REVIEW
Pier Luigi Filosso, Enrico Ruffini, Paolo Solidoro, Matteo Roffinella, Paolo Olivo Lausi, Paraskevas Lyberis, Alberto Oliaro, Francesco Guerrera
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus (NETTs) are rare and biologically very aggressive neoplasms, usually located in the anterior mediastinal space. They are more frequently observed in males, in their fourth/fifth decades of life. In 50% of cases, NETTs are associated with endocrinopaties [Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly or Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia-1 (MEN-1) syndrome]. NETTs very often present with invasion of the surrounding mediastinal anatomical structures. Surgery, even in advanced stages, is the mainstay of treatment: a compete resection through a median sternotomy or a combined access (sternotomy + thoracotomy) should be always attempted...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181825/a-primary-hepatic-gastrinoma-accompanied-by-hyperplasia-of-multi-nodular-brunner-s-glands
#18
Takaomi Hagi, Yohei Hosoda, Izumi Komoto, Shinji Uemoto, Susumu Hijioka, Yoshiro Taki, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Masayuki Imamura
BACKGROUND: Primary hepatic gastrinoma causing severe ulcerogenic syndrome is extremely rare. Herein, we report a case of primary hepatic gastrinoma accompanied by hyperplasia of multi-nodular Brunner's glands in a patient who instead, preoperatively, was suspected of having multiple duodenal gastrinomas and hepatic metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old woman consulted a clinic complaining of melena, intermittent abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting which had persisted for about 3 years...
November 28, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159781/outcomes-of-gatekeeper-tm-prosthesis-implantation-for-the-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence-a-multicenter-observational-study
#19
Loris Trenti, Sebastiano Biondo, Fernando Noguerales, Jesus Nomdedeu, Alba Coret, Roland Scherer, Domenico Fraccalvieri, Riccardo Frago, Esther Kreisler
BACKGROUND: The implantation of Gatekeeper ™ (GK) represents a new option for the treatment of fecal incontinence (FI). The aim of this study was to analyze the postoperative morbidity associated with GK and to determine its clinical efficacy after at least 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective and longitudinal study of patients with FI who were treated with GK at our institutions between January 2010 and December 2015. Patients with FI without sphincter lesions or with sphincter injuries < 120° and with low anterior resection syndrome were included...
December 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145186/the-kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome
#20
Douglas J Lanska
In 1937, Heinrich Klüver and Paul Bucy described a dramatic behavioral syndrome in monkeys after bilateral temporal lobectomy. The full Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) - hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis, dietary changes, altered sexual behavior, and visual agnosia - is evident within 3 weeks following operation. Some KBS features (i.e., hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis) persist indefinitely, whereas others gradually resolve over several years. Klüver and Bucy were initially unaware of an earlier report of KBS by Sanger Brown and Edward Schäfer in 1888...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
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