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Anterior resection syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072685/nephrotic-syndrome-associated-with-metastatic-thymoma-treated-with-chemotherapy
#1
Shin Hye Yoo, Hyean-Ji Kim, Jeong-Han Kim, Gyeong-Won Lee, Jeong Hee Lee, Se Hyun Kim, Ji-Won Kim, Jin Won Kim, Jeong-Ok Lee, Yu Jung Kim, Keun-Wook Lee, Jee Hyun Kim, Soo-Mee Bang, Jong Seok Lee
RATIONALE: Nephropathy with concurrent invasive thymoma is a type of paraneoplastic syndrome. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report a 32-year-old female with nephrotic syndrome that was first diagnosed along with invasive thymoma and treated by means of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for the thymoma. The patient initially presented with dyspnea and generalized edema. Chest radiography and computed tomography scans revealed right pleural effusion and a mass in the right middle lung field, which were confirmed by a percutaneous lung biopsy as metastatic invasive thymoma...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044239/transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme-for-rectal-cancer-effects-on-patient-reported-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome
#2
T W A Koedam, G H van Ramshorst, C L Deijen, A K E Elfrink, W J H J Meijerink, H J Bonjer, C Sietses, J B Tuynman
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) has rapidly become an important component of the treatment of rectal cancer surgery. Cohort studies have shown feasibility concerning procedure, specimen quality and morbidity. However, concerns exist about quality of life and ano(neo)rectal function. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate quality of life in patients following TaTME for rectal cancer with anastomosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent restorative TaTME surgery for rectal adenocarcinoma in an academic teaching center with tertiary referral function were evaluated...
January 2, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989967/modified-interscalene-approach-for-resection-of-symptomatic-cervical-rib-anatomical-review-and-clinical-study
#3
Walid Abdel Ghany, Mohamed A Nada, Ahmed F Toubar, Ahmed E Desoky, Hesham Ibrahim, Marwa A Nassef, Mostafa G Mahran
BACKGROUND: Cervical ribs have been reported to be present in about 0.5% of the general population, 10% of patients with cervical rib who are symptomatic usually have neurogenic symptoms, but some have arterial symptoms. In 1861, Coote was the first to excise a cervical rib through a supraclavicular approach and relieved the symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome. OBJECTIVES: in this work we address the efficacy and safety of a modification to the supraclavicular approach for resection of symptomatic cervical ribs...
October 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979572/a-fourteen-year-experience-with-vascular-anomalies-encountered-during-transaxillary-rib-resection-for-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#4
Jeniann A Yi, Robert J Johnston, Mark R Nehler, Douglas R Gibula, Kristen Alix, Natalia O Glebova, Charles O Brantigan
OBJECTIVES: Transaxillary approach to first rib resection and scalenectomy (TAFRRS) is a well-established technique for treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Although anatomic features encountered during TAFRRS are in general constant, vascular anomalies may be encountered but have not been described to date. Herein we describe vascular abnormalities encountered during TAFRRS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospective practice database of 224 operations for TOS performed in 172 patients from 3/2000 to 3/2014...
December 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965181/stimulation-of-the-bilateral-anterior-nuclei-of-the-thalamus-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-epilepsy-two-cases-of-subcortical-band-heterotopia
#5
Ana Franco, José Pimentel, Alexandre Rainha Campos, Carlos Morgado, Sara Pinelo, António Gonçalves Ferreira, Carla Bentes
Subcortical band heterotopia is a neuronal migration disorder that may cause refractory epilepsy. In these patients, resective surgery has yielded inadequate results. Deep brain stimulation of the anterior nuclei of the thalamus has been used for the treatment of refractory epilepsy with good results. We describe the first two patients with subcortical band heterotopia who were submitted to deep brain stimulation of the anterior nuclei of the thalamus, with evaluation of seizure outcome after 12 and 18 months of follow-up...
December 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#6
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894710/bowel-dysfunction-after-anastomotic-leakage-in-laparoscopic-sphincter-saving-operative-intervention-for-rectal-cancer-a-case-matched-study-in-46-patients-using-the-low-anterior-resection-score
#7
Elisabeth Hain, Gilles Manceau, Léon Maggiori, Cécile Mongin, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: After sphincter-saving operation for rectal cancer, the impact of anastomotic leakage on function has been well studied. The purpose of the present work was to assess the influence of symptomatic and asymptomatic anastomotic leakage on bowel function and health-related quality of life using the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome score and the disease-specific questionnaire European Organization for Research and Treatment of Quality of Life Questionnaire for Colorectal Cancer...
November 25, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857796/dwarf-with-dual-spinal-kyphotic-deformity-at-the-cervical-and-dorsal-spine-unassociated-with-odontoid-hypoplasia-surgical-management
#8
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Dipanker Singh Mankotia
Morquio's syndrome is associated with systemic skeletal hypoplasia leading to generalized skeletal deformation. The hypoplasia of odontoid process is frequent association, which is responsible for atlantoaxial dislocation causing compressive myelopathy. However, development of sub-axial cervical kyphotic deformity unassociated with odontoid hypoplasia is extremely rare, and coexistence of dorsal kyphotic deformity is not reported in the western literature till date and represents first case. Current case is 16-year-old boy, who presented with severe kyphotic deformity of cervical spine with spastic quadriparesis...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822263/focal-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-caused-by-oxaliplatin-induced-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#9
Takaharu Kawai, Shintaro Yamazaki, Atsuko Iwama, Tokio Higaki, Masahiko Sugitani, Tadatoshi Takayama
INTRODUCTION: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is a severe adverse event of long-term chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer. It usually develops as liver congestion due to diffuse microscopic obstruction in liver parenchyma. In contrast, it sometimes appears as a liver mass occurring with local parenchymal hemorrhaging, and is often misdiagnosed as liver metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old woman with rectal cancer underwent high anterior resection and partial liver resection of segment 7 due to synchronous liver metastasis...
September 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811633/wingtip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-upper-and-lower-eyelid-defects
#10
Ivan Vrcek, Eva Chou, Sean Blaydon, John Shore
PURPOSE: Pentagonal wedge resection is a technique used to address a wide variety of eyelid pathology. This procedure frequently results in excess skin at the apex of the wound, commonly known as a "dog ear." A variety of methods have been described to address the cutaneous redundancy, the most classic of which is the Burow's triangle repair. The authors present a technique to address the anterior lamellar excess that avoids placement of a vertical scar traversing the pretarsal and preseptal portion of the affected eyelid...
November 2, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796496/clinical-application-of-the-lars-score-results-from-a-pilot-study
#11
Yolanda Ribas, Francesc Aguilar, Esther Jovell-Fernández, Ladislao Cayetano, Albert Navarro-Luna, Arantxa Muñoz-Duyos
PURPOSE: The impact of the low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) on quality of life has underscored the importance of measuring functional outcomes after treatment for rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the LARS score as a single questionnaire was useful enough in the clinical setting. METHODS: Patients treated by curative anterior resection for rectal cancer were sent the LARS score and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 questionnaires by post...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789072/long-term-results-of-arthroscopic-arthrolysis-for-arthrofibrosis-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Hermann O Mayr, Christian M Brandt, Thomas Weig, Manuel Koehne, Anke Bernstein, Norbert P Suedkamp, Robert Hube, Amelie Stoehr
PURPOSE: The current study was conducted to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes after arthroscopic arthrolysis for arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: All patients treated with arthrolysis between 1990 and 1998 were included. Indication was arthrofibrosis in at least one knee compartment or a cyclops syndrome limiting range of motion (ROM) by > 5° of extension deficit and 15° of flexion deficit...
October 24, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787368/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-overcoming-a-troublesome-situation
#13
Cengiz Ara, Sami Akbulut, Volkan Ince, Serdar Karakas, Adil Baskiran, Sezai Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the detailed surgical techniques of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS: Demographic and surgical techniques characteristics of 39 patients with BCS who underwent LDLT were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-two of them had native vena cava inferior (VCI) preservation and 6 had retrohepatic VCI resection with venous continuity established by cryopreserved VCI (n = 4) or aortic graft (n = 2)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756661/prosopagnosia-induced-by-a-left-anterior-temporal-lobectomy-following-a-right-temporo-occipital-resection-in-a-multicentric-diffuse-low-grade-glioma
#14
Francesco Corrivetti, Guillaume Herbet, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, Hugues Duffau
BACKGROUND: Face recognition is a complex function sustained by a distributed large-scale neural network, with a core system involving the ventral occipitotemporal cortex, the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), and the splenial commissural fibers. This circuit seems to be bilaterally organized, but with a right hemispheric dominance. According to this anatomic functional model, prosopagnosia is usually, but not exclusively, generated by a damage of the right part of this brain network...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726909/organ-preservation-using-contact-radiotherapy-for-early-rectal-cancer-outcomes-of-patients-treated-at-a-single-centre-in-the-uk
#15
A S Dhadda, A Martin, S Killeen, I A Hunter
AIMS: Contact radiotherapy for early rectal cancer uses 50 kV X-rays to treat rectal cancers under direct vision. We present data of a series of patients treated at a single centre with prospective follow-up and functional assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were treated at the Queen's Centre for Oncology, Hull, UK between September 2011 and October 2015. Patients received a biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver/pelvis, computed tomography of the chest and endorectal ultrasound...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695976/long-term-functional-follow-up-after-anterior-rectal-resection-for-cancer
#16
Alessandro Sturiale, Jacopo Martellucci, Letizia Zurli, Carla Vaccaro, Luigi Brusciano, Paolo Limongelli, Ludovico Docimo, Andrea Valeri
PURPOSE: This is a retrospective analysis including all of the patients that have undergone anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 1998 to December 2005 in two tertiary referral centers. The study aims to evaluate the long term functional results after low anterior resection and to identify the risk factors of postoperative bowel disorders. METHOD: Data were collected from the clinical records, and then the low anterior resection syndrome score which is a specific questionnaire to investigate the symptoms after surgery was submitted to the selected patients...
January 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639006/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-effort-induced-thrombosis-of-the-axillary-subclavian-vein-due-to-venous-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Chandu Vemuri, Payam Salehi, Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Lauren N McLaughlin, Robert W Thompson
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS) is uncommon but most frequently occurs in young, active, healthy patients. This condition typically presents as subclavian vein (SCV) effort thrombosis, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome. The pathophysiology underlying VTOS is chronic repetitive compression injury of the SCV in the costoclavicular space, resulting in progressive venous scarring, focal stenosis, and eventual thrombosis. Clinical evaluation includes a history and physical examination followed by catheter-based venography, for definitive confirmation of the diagnosis and initial treatment with pharmacomechanical thrombolysis...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634544/is-the-interval-from-surgery-to-ileostomy-closure-a-risk-factor-for-low-anterior-resection-syndrome
#18
Rosa M Jiménez-Rodríguez, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Inés Rivero-Belenchón, José Manuel Díaz Pavón, Ana María García Cabrera, Jorge Manuel Vazquez Monchul, Javier Padillo, Fernando de la Portilla
AIM: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) comprises a collection of symptoms affecting patients after restorative surgery for rectal cancer. The aim of the present study is to analyze the incidence of LARS in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery with and without subsequent ileostomy and to determine whether the interval to ileostomy closure is a factor associated with its occurrence. METHOD: All patients undergoing curative anterior resection for rectal cancer from 2008 to 2012 in our institution were included on the study...
September 16, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630335/synchronous-type-1-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-patient-with-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#19
Jinhua Piao, Paul Friedman, Sameer Siddiqui, Jula Veerapong, Jin-Ping Lai
Synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is relatively rare, particularly when the synchronous RCC is of papillary subtype, which is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a 63-year-old Caucasian man with synchronous CRC and type 1 papillary RCC. After the patient presented with three episodes of melena, colonoscopy followed by biopsy confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma. The computed tomographic imaging also showed an incidental mass of the upper pole of the left kidney suspicious for RCC...
2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585804/internal-hernia-following-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-rare-but-fatal-complication
#20
S Y Lee, C H Kim, Y J Kim, H R Kim
PURPOSE: Internal hernia of the small bowel through a mesenteric defect following colorectal cancer surgery is a serious but rarely reported complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features, and management of these hernias. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 4589 primary colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgical resection between January 2007 and December 2015. The incidence, clinical presentations, and short-term outcomes of patients with symptomatic internal hernia following colorectal surgery were investigated in detail...
September 1, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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