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Anterior resection syndrome

Francesco Corrivetti, Guillaume Herbet, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, Hugues Duffau
BACKGROUND: Face recognition is a complex function sustained by a distributed large-scale neural network, with a core system involving the ventral occipito-temporal cortex, the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) and the splenial commissural fibers. This circuit seems to be bilaterally organized, with however a right hemispheric dominance. According to this anatomo-functional model, prosopagnosia is usually, but not exclusively, generated by a damage of the right part of this brain network...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
A S Dhadda, A Martin, S Killeen, I A Hunter
AIMS: Contact radiotherapy for early rectal cancer uses 50 kV X-rays to treat rectal cancers under direct vision. We present data of a series of patients treated at a single centre with prospective follow-up and functional assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were treated at the Queen's Centre for Oncology, Hull, UK between September 2011 and October 2015. Patients received a biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver/pelvis, computed tomography of the chest and endorectal ultrasound...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Alessandro Sturiale, Jacopo Martellucci, Letizia Zurli, Carla Vaccaro, Luigi Brusciano, Paolo Limongelli, Ludovico Docimo, Andrea Valeri
PURPOSE: This is a retrospective analysis including all of the patients that have undergone anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 1998 to December 2005 in two tertiary referral centers. The study aims to evaluate the long term functional results after low anterior resection and to identify the risk factors of postoperative bowel disorders. METHOD: Data were collected from the clinical records, and then the low anterior resection syndrome score which is a specific questionnaire to investigate the symptoms after surgery was submitted to the selected patients...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Chandu Vemuri, Payam Salehi, Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Lauren N McLaughlin, Robert W Thompson
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS) is uncommon but most frequently occurs in young, active, healthy patients. This condition typically presents as subclavian vein (SCV) effort thrombosis, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome. The pathophysiology underlying VTOS is chronic repetitive compression injury of the SCV in the costoclavicular space, resulting in progressive venous scarring, focal stenosis, and eventual thrombosis. Clinical evaluation includes a history and physical examination followed by catheter-based venography, for definitive confirmation of the diagnosis and initial treatment with pharmacomechanical thrombolysis...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Rosa M Jiménez-Rodríguez, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, José Manuel Díaz Pavón, Ana María García Cabrera, Jorge Manuel Vazquez Monchul, Javier Padillo, Fernando de la Portilla
AIM: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) comprises a collection of symptoms affecting patients after restorative surgery for rectal cancer. The aim of the present study is to analyze the incidence of LARS in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery with and without subsequent ileostomy and to determine whether the interval to ileostomy closure is a factor associated with its occurrence. METHOD: All patients undergoing curative anterior resection for rectal cancer from 2008 to 2012 in our institution were included on the study...
September 16, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Jinhua Piao, Paul Friedman, Sameer Siddiqui, Jula Veerapong, Jin-Ping Lai
Synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is relatively rare, particularly when the synchronous RCC is of papillary subtype, which is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a 63-year-old Caucasian man with synchronous CRC and type 1 papillary RCC. After the patient presented with three episodes of melena, colonoscopy followed by biopsy confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma. The computed tomographic imaging also showed an incidental mass of the upper pole of the left kidney suspicious for RCC...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
S Y Lee, C H Kim, Y J Kim, H R Kim
PURPOSE: Internal hernia of the small bowel through a mesenteric defect following colorectal cancer surgery is a serious but rarely reported complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features, and management of these hernias. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 4589 primary colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgical resection between January 2007 and December 2015. The incidence, clinical presentations, and short-term outcomes of patients with symptomatic internal hernia following colorectal surgery were investigated in detail...
September 1, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Timothy J Ridolfi, Nicholas Berger, Kirk A Ludwig
Outcomes for rectal cancer surgery have improved significantly over the past 20 years with increasing rates of survival and recurrence, specifically local recurrence. These gains have been realized during a period of time in which there has been an increasing emphasis on sphincter preservation. As we have become increasingly aggressive in avoiding resection of the anus, we have begun accepting bowel dysfunction as a normal outcome. Low anterior resection syndrome, defined as a constellation of symptoms including incontinence, frequency, urgency, or feelings of incomplete emptying, has a significant impact on quality of life and results in many patients opting for a permanent colostomy to avoid these symptoms...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Gary A Ulaner, Robert Samstein, Oren Cahlon, Wolfgang A Weber, Andreas Rimner
A 29-year-old woman underwent resection of a left anterior mediastinal thymoma and pleurectomy. Postsurgical FDG PET/CT scan demonstrated FDG avidity in the right neck and upper thoracic fat but relatively absent FDG-avid fat in the left neck and upper thorax. Bilateral FDG-avid fat was also apparent in the lower chest and upper abdomen. After surgery, the patient demonstrated Horner syndrome, with left-sided ptosis, miosis, and facial anhidrosis. It is hypothesized that left-sided sympathetic nerves were compromised during surgery, leading to Horner syndrome and denervation of ipsilateral brown fat...
October 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Audrius Dulskas, Narimantas E Samalavicius
PURPOSE: For several decades, the low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) has been the gold standard for treating patients with rectal cancer. Up to 90% of patients undergoing sphincter-preserving surgery will have changes in bowel habits, so-called 'anterior resection syndrome.' This study examined patients' continence after a LAR for the treatment of rectal cancer. METHODS: This prospective study was performed between September 2014 and August 2015 at the National Cancer Institute and included 30 patients who underwent anorectal manometry preoperatively and at 3 and 4 months after a LAR, but 10 were excluded from further evaluation for various reasons...
June 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
A I Poyda, V M Melnik
For prophylaxis of severe signs of the postcolectomy and diarrheal syndromes, as well as the secondary anal incontinence syndrome, occurring after extended radical operation--colectomy, extremely low anterior rectal resection, mucosectomy, performed for severe diffuse nontumoral colon diseases, a pelvic small-intestinal anatomic-functional reservoir construction of a new type, which includes a small-intestinal reservoir with ileoendoanal anastomosis, was elaborated. In accordance to data on roentgenological control of the contrast small-intestinal transit the laws of its abdominal localization and peculiarities of morphological reconstruction in late terms after the operation were established...
April 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Michael Kreinest, Gregor Reisig, Philipp Ströbel, Dietmar Dinter, Ulrike Attenberger, Peter Lipp, Markus Schwarz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The menisci of the mammalian knee joint balance the incongruence between femoral condyle and tibial plateau and thus menisci absorb and distribute high loads. Degeneration processes of the menisci lead to pain syndromes in the knee joint. The origin of such degenerative processes on meniscal tissue is rarely understood and may be described best as an imbalance of anabolic and catabolic metabolism. A standardized animal model of meniscal degeneration is needed for further studies...
2016: PloS One
Carl Ellenberger
This chapter can guide the use of imaging in the evaluation of common visual syndromes: transient visual disturbance, including migraine and amaurosis fugax; acute optic neuropathy complicating multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, and Susac syndrome; papilledema and pseudotumor cerebri syndrome; cerebral disturbances of vision, including posterior cerebral arterial occlusion, posterior reversible encephalopathy, hemianopia after anterior temporal lobe resection, posterior cortical atrophy, and conversion blindness...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Audrius Dulskas, Povilas Miliauskas, Renatas Tikuisis, Ricardo Escalante, Narimantas E Samalavicius
Introduction For more than the last 20 years, low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) is a gold standard for rectal cancer treatment. Oncological outcomes have improved significantly and now more and more reports of functional outcomes appear. Due to the close relationship between the rectum and pelvic nerves, bowel, bladder, and sexual function are frequently affected during TME. Methods A search for published data was performed using the MEDLINE database (from 1 January 2005 to 31 January 2015) to perform a systematic review of the studies that described anorectal, bladder, and sexual dysfunction following rectal cancer surgery...
February 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Jon E F Diernaes, Anette Bygum, Per L Poulsen
We present a patient with Cushing disease apparently suppressing sarcoidosis, which was unmasked following surgical resection of a pituitary adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-producing microadenoma. Case report and a short review of the literature published in this area. A 46-year-old Caucasian woman presented with symptoms of hypercortisolism such as progressive weight gain, Cushingoid appearance, proximal myopathy, easy bruising, and amenorrhea. Blood testing including inferior petrosal sinus sampling uncovered an ACTH-producing microadenoma in the right aspect of the anterior pituitary gland for which the patient underwent transphenoidal resection...
January 2016: Dermato-endocrinology
Masaaki Nagano, Jun Matsumoto
Multicentric Castleman's disease is a polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorder. Recently, a new variant of the disease was reported and named TAFRO syndrome, an acronym for thrombocytopenia, ascites, myelofibrosis, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. A 55-year-old woman presented to our hospital with dyspnea on exertion and high fever. Laboratory tests revealed anemia, thrombocytopenia, and proteinuria. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a large anterior mediastinal mass, mild splenomegaly, bilateral pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and mild systemic lymphadenopathy...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Roberto I Lopes, Francisco Dénes, Gustavo Messi, Marcos Machado
Prune perineum syndrome (PPS) is a rare anomaly, with only two previous case reports, both dying in the perinatal period. We report the first case of PPS that reached childhood. The patient presented with hypoplastic genitalia and bilateral cryptorchidism. There was no evidence of an anal orifice. A significant prune-like mass was observed, extending from the perineum to both gluteal regions and to a cephalic mid-line bony prominence, with a 1cm central orifice that discharged urine. MRI confirmed the previous findings and revealed a right crossed ectopic kidney, intestinal malrotation, a hypoplastic infrarenal inferior vena cava and a hypoplastic right iliac artery...
2016: F1000Research
Ada Ng, Phillip Yang, Shing Wong, Thierry Vancaillie, Surya Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the gastrointestinal functional outcomes and symptoms of low anterior resection syndrome after disc resection for deeply infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) using a validated scoring system. DESIGN: Retrospective study to assess the gastrointestinal functional outcomes after rectal disc resection for DIE using a validated scoring system. SETTING: University tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: Women who underwent disc resection for endometriosis at Royal Hospital for Women and Prince of Wales Private Hospital between January 2012 and December 2013 were included...
August 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
L Jayyosi, N Boudaoud, O Okiemy, N Correia, E Alanio-Detton, J P Bory, A Liné, M L Poli-Merol, S Mazouz Dorval, C Francois
The umbilicus is our first scar. It is the last remain of our life in utero. Besides the umbilical hernia, a common pathology during the first three years of life that rarely requires surgery, there are some rare congenital abnormalities such as gastroschisis and omphalocele, which occur in about 1-5/10,000 births. Gastroschisis is a birth defect of the anterior abdominal wall, through which the fetal intestines freely protrude and are not covered by any membranes. During the 13th week prenatal ultrasound, the umbilical cord can be seen to be properly attached while the intestines float freely in the amniotic fluid...
June 8, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
S Lerch, S Elki, M Jaeger, T Berndt
OBJECTIVE: Coracoacromial ligament release to widen the subacromial space, resection of the anterior undersurface of the acromion and, if needed, caudal exophytes at the acromioclavicular joint. INDICATIONS: All types of outlet impingement after 3 months of conservative treatment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Impingement syndrome with instability/muscular imbalance, massive rotator cuff tear, unstable os acromionale, posterior-superior impingement, joint infection, freezing phase of a secondary frozen shoulder...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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