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R2r3 myb

Ruimin Gao, Margaret Y Gruber, Lisa Amyot, Abdelali Hannoufa
Our results show SPL13 plays a crucial role in regulating vegetative and reproductive development in Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa), and that MYB112 is targeted and downregulated by SPL13 in alfalfa. We previously showed that transgenic Medicago sativa (alfalfa) plants overexpressing microRNA156 (miR156) show a bushy phenotype, reduced internodal length, delayed flowering time, and enhanced biomass yield. In alfalfa, transcripts of seven SQUAMOSA-PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) transcription factors, including SPL13, are targeted for cleavage by miR156...
November 17, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
Yourong Fan, Qifa Zhang
A review on photoperiod and temperature-sensitive genic male sterility in rice. Male sterility in plants, facilitating the development of hybrid crops, has made great contribution to crop productivity worldwide. Environment-sensitive genic male sterility (EGMS), including photoperiod-sensitive genic male sterility (PGMS) and temperature-sensitive genic male sterility (TGMS), has provided a special class of germplasms for the breeding of "two-line" hybrids in several crops. In rice, the finding of the PGMS NK58S mutant in 1973 started the journey of research and breeding of two-line hybrids...
November 2, 2017: Plant Reproduction
Nan Wang, Wenxiao Zhang, Mengyin Qin, Shuo Li, Meng Qiao, Zhenhua Liu, Fengning Xiang
MYB-type transcription factors (MYB TFs) play diverse roles in plant development and stress responses. However, the mechanisms underlying the actions of MYB TFs during stress response remain unclear. In this study we identified a R2R3-MYB TF in soybean (Glycine max), denoted GmMYB84, which contributes to drought resistance. Expression of GmMYB84 was induced by drought, salt stress, H2O2 and ABA. Compared with wild-type (WT), GmMYB84-overexpressing soybean mutants (OE lines) exhibited enhanced drought resistance with higher survival rate, longer primary root length, greater proline and reactive oxygen species (ROS) contents, higher antioxidant enzyme activities [peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD)], a lower dehydration rate, and reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) content...
August 9, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Shoukun Chen, Xin Niu, Yuxiang Guan, Haifeng Li
MYB transcription factors are widespread in plants and play key roles in plant development. Although MYB transcription factors have been thoroughly characterized in many plants, genome-wide analysis of the MYB gene family has not yet been undertaken in Brachypodium distachyon. In this study, 122 BdMYB transcription factors were identified, including 85 MYB-R2R3, 34 MYB-related and 3 MYB-R1R2R3. Phylogenetic analysis showed that BdMYBs, OsMYBs, and AtMYBs with similar functions were clustered in the same sub-group, and the phylogenetic relationships of BdMYB transcription factors were supported by highly conserved motifs and gene structures...
August 29, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Kaili Chen, Hongli Liu, Qian Lou, Yali Liu
[This corrects the article on p. 965 in vol. 8, PMID: 28642775.].
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Kai Feng, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Feng Que, Jie-Xia Liu, Feng Wang, Ai-Sheng Xiong
This study showed that an R2R3-MYB transcription factor, OjMYB1, is involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis and accumulation in Oenanthe javanica. Anthocyanins can be used as safe natural food colorants, obtained from many plants. R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) play important roles in anthocyanins biosynthesis during plant development. Oenanthe javanica is a popular vegetable with high nutritional values and numerous medical functions. O. javanica has purple petioles that are mainly due to anthocyanins accumulation...
September 30, 2017: Planta
Yue Lou, Hai-Sheng Zhou, Yu Han, Qiu-Ye Zeng, Jun Zhu, Zhong-Nan Yang
Tapetum development and pollen production are regulated by a complex transcriptional network that consists of a group of tapetum-specific Arabidopsis transcription factors (TFs). Among these TFs, DEFECTIVE IN TAPETAL DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION 1 (TDF1) encodes an R2R3 MYB factor, and ABORTED MICROSPORE (AMS) encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) factor. However, knowledge regarding the regulatory role of TDF1 in anther development remains limited. Here, we discovered that TDF1 directly regulates AMS via an AACCT cis-element...
September 20, 2017: New Phytologist
Hongbin Wei, Hongbo Zhao, Tao Su, Anja Bausewein, Steffen Greiner, Karsten Harms, Thomas Rausch
In the biennial Cichorium intybus, inulin-type fructans accumulate in the taproot during the first year. Upon cold or drought exposure, fructans are degraded by fructan exohydrolases, affecting inulin yield and degree of polymerization. While stress-induced expression of 1-FEH genes has been thoroughly explored, the transcriptional network mediating these responses has remained unknown. In this study, several R2R3-MYB transcriptional regulators were analysed for their possible involvement in 1-FEH regulation via transient transactivation of 1-FEH target promoters and for in vivo co-expression with target genes under different stress and hormone treatments...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Yanfei Liu, Bin Zhou, Yingwei Qi, Xin Chen, Cuihua Liu, Zhande Liu, Xiaolin Ren
Fruits of kiwifruit cultivars (Actinidia chinensis and A. deliciosa) generally have green or yellow flesh when ripe. A small number of genotypes have red flesh but this coloration is usually restricted to the inner pericarp. Three kiwifruit cultivars having red ('Hongyang'), or yellow ('Jinnong-2'), or green ('Hayward') flesh were investigated for their color characteristics and pigment contents during development and ripening. The results show the yellow of the 'Jinnong-2' fruit is due to the combined effects of chlorophyll degradation and of beta-carotene accumulation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Mi-Suk Seo, Jung Sun Kim
Glucosinolates (GSLs) are widely known secondary metabolites that have anticarcinogenic and antioxidative activities in humans and defense roles in plants of the Brassicaceae family. Some R2R3-type MYB (myeloblastosis) transcription factors (TFs) control GSL biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. However, studies on the MYB TFs involved in GSL biosynthesis in Brassica species are limited because of the complexity of the genome, which includes an increased number of paralog genes as a result of genome duplication. The recent completion of the genome sequencing of the Brassica species permits the identification of MYB TFs involved in GSL biosynthesis by comparative genome analysis with A...
September 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaoyan Han, Qinggang Yin, Jinyue Liu, Wenbo Jiang, Shaokang Di, Yongzhen Pang
GmMYB58 and GmMYB205 are key positive regulators that are involved in isoflavonoid biosynthesis in seeds of Glycine max, and they activate the expression of several structural genes in the isoflavonoid pathway. MYB transcription factors (TFs) are major regulators involved in flavonoid/isoflavonoid biosynthesis in many plant species. However, functions of most MYB TFs remain unknown in flavonoid/isoflavonoid pathway in Glycine max. In this study, we identified 321 MYB TFs by genome-wide searching, and further isolated and functionally characterized two MYB TFs, GmMYB58 and GmMYB205...
December 2017: Plant Cell Reports
Xinliang Liu, Wanwen Yu, Xuhui Zhang, Guibin Wang, Fuliang Cao, Hua Cheng
The R2R3-MYB gene family is the largest MYB subfamily in plants and is involved in the regulation of plant secondary metabolism and specific morphogenesis, as well as the response to biotic and abiotic stress. However, a systematic identification and characterization of this gene family has not been carried out in Ginkgo biloba. In this study, we performed a transcriptome-wide survey from four tissues of G. biloba to determine the genetic variation and expression pattern of the R2R3-MYB genes. We analyzed 45 GbMYBs and identified 42 with a complete coding sequence via conserved motif searches...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Gaifang Yao, Meiling Ming, Andrew C Allan, Chao Gu, Leiting Li, Xiao Wu, Runze Wang, Yaojun Chang, Kaijie Qi, Shaoling Zhang, Jun Wu
Red fruits are popular and widely accepted by consumers because of an enhanced appearance and enriched anthocyanins. The molecular mechanism of anthocyanin regulation in red-skinned pear (Pyrus) has been studied, and the genes encoding the biosynthetic steps and several transcription factors (TFs) have been characterized. In this study, a candidate R2R3 MYB TF, PyMYB114, was identified by linkage to the quantitative trait loci (QTL) for red skin color on linkage group 5 in a population of Chinese pear (Pyrus bretschneideri)...
November 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Wenbin Mei, Lucas Boatwright, Guanqiao Feng, James C Schnable, W Brad Barbazuk
One difficulty when identifying alternative splicing (AS) events in plants is distinguishing functional AS from splicing noise. One way to add confidence to the validity of a splice isoform is to observe that it is conserved across evolutionarily related species. We use a high throughput method to identify junction-based conserved AS events from RNA-Seq data across nine plant species, including five grass monocots (maize, sorghum, rice, Brachpodium, and foxtail millet), plus two nongrass monocots (banana and African oil palm), the eudicot Arabidopsis, and the basal angiosperm Amborella In total, 9804 AS events were found to be conserved between two or more species studied...
October 2017: Genetics
Hong Lee Gil, Juyoung Kim, Mi Suh Chung, Pil Seo Joon
Cuticular wax is an important hydrophobic layer that covers the plant aerial surface. Cuticular wax biosynthesis is shaped by multiple layers of regulation. In particular, a pair of R2R3-type MYB transcription factors, MYB96 and MYB30, are known to be the main participants in cuticular wax accumulation. Here, we report that the MYB30-INTERACTING E3 LIGASE 1 (MIEL1) E3 ubiquitin ligase controls the protein stability of the two MYB transcription factors and thereby wax biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. MIEL1-deficient miel1 mutants exhibit increased wax accumulation in stems, with up-regulation of wax biosynthetic genes targeted by MYB96 and MYB30...
July 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Hamama Islam Butt, Zhaoen Yang, Qian Gong, Eryong Chen, Xioaqian Wang, Ge Zhao, Xiaoyang Ge, Xueyan Zhang, Fuguang Li
BACKGROUND: MYB transcription factors (TFs) are one of the largest families of TFs in higher plants and are involved in diverse biological, functional, and structural processes. Previously, very few functional validation studies on R2R3 MYB have been conducted in cotton in response to abiotic stresses. In the current study, GaMYB85, a cotton R2R3 MYB TF, was ectopically expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana (Col-0) and was functionally characterized by overexpression in transgenic plants...
August 22, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
Qianqian Shi, Long Li, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jianrang Luo, Xiang Li, Lijuan Zhai, Lixia He, Yanlong Zhang
Paeonia rockii is a wild tree peony species with large and dark purple variegations at the base of its petals. It is the genetic resource for various variegation patterns in tree peony cultivars, which is in contrast to the pure white petals of Paeonia ostii. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of variegation in this plant is still unknown. Here, we conducted Illumina transcriptome sequencing for P. rockii, P. ostii (with pure white petals) and their F1 individuals (with purple-red variegation)...
August 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wenjun Huang, Haiyan Lv, Ying Wang
Epimedium species have been widely used both as traditional Chinese medicinal plants and ornamental perennials. Both flavonols, acting as the major bioactive components (BCs) and anthocyanins, predominantly contributing to the color diversity of Epimedium flowers belong to different classes of flavonoids. It is well-acknowledged that flavonoid biosynthetic pathway is predominantly regulated by R2R3-MYB transcription factor (TF) as well as bHLH TF and WD40 protein at the transcriptional level. MYB TFs specifically regulating anthocyanin or flavonol biosynthetic pathway have been already isolated and functionally characterized from Epimedium sagittatum, but a R2R3-MYB TF involved in regulating both these two pathways has not been functionally characterized to date in Epimedium plants...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yuehua Yu, Zhiyong Ni, Quanjia Chen, Yanying Qu
MYB transcription factors are a large family of proteins involved in plant development and responses to stress. In this study, the wheat salinity-induced R2R3-MYB transcription factor TaSIM was functionally characterized, with a focus on its role in salt stress tolerance. TaSIM protein enters the nucleus and binds to the MYB-binding site II motif. Expression analysis revealed that TaSIM was induced by drought, high salinity, low temperature, and abscisic acid treatment. Overexpression of TaSIM improved salt stress tolerance in transgenic plants...
September 23, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
William R Chezem, Altamash Memon, Fu-Shuang Li, Jing-Ke Weng, Nicole K Clay
Lignification of cell wall appositions is a conserved basal defense mechanism in the plant innate immune response. However, the genetic pathway controlling defense-induced lignification remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate the Arabidopsis thaliana SG2-type R2R3-MYB transcription factor MYB15 as a regulator of defense-induced lignification and basal immunity. Loss of MYB15 reduces the content but not the composition of defense-induced lignin, whereas constitutive expression of MYB15 increases lignin content independently of immune activation...
August 2017: Plant Cell
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