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R2r3 myb

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167824/a-sugarcane-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-gene-is-alternatively-spliced-during-drought-stress
#1
Jinlong Guo, Hui Ling, Jingjing Ma, Yun Chen, Yachun Su, Qingliang Lin, Shiwu Gao, Hengbo Wang, Youxiong Que, Liping Xu
MYB transcription factors of the R2R3-MYB family have been shown to play important roles in many plant processes. A sugarcane R2R3-MYB gene (ScMYB2) and its two alternative forms of transcript (ScMYB2S1 and ScMYB2S2) were identified in this study. The deduced protein of ScMYB2S1 is a typical plant R2R3-MYB protein, while ScMYB2S2 encodes a truncated protein. Real-time qPCR analysis revealed that ScMYB2S1 is suppressed under PEG-simulated drought stress in sugarcane, while ScMYB2S2 is induced at later treatment stage...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160379/spearmint-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-msmyb-negatively-regulates-monoterpene-production-and-suppresses-the-expression-of-geranyl-diphosphate-synthase-large-subunit-msgpps-lsu
#2
Vaishnavi Amarr Reddy, Qian Wang, Niha Dhar, Nadimuthu Kumar, Prasanna Nori Venkatesh, Chakravarthy Rajan, Deepa Panicker, Vishweshwaran Sridhar, Hui-Zhu Mao, Rajani Sarojam
Many aromatic plants, like spearmint, produce valuable essential oils in specialized structures called peltate glandular trichomes (PGT). Understanding the regulatory mechanisms behind the production of these important secondary metabolites will help design new approaches to engineer them. Here, we identified a PGT-specific R2R3-MYB gene MsMYB, from comparative RNA-Seq data of spearmint, and functionally characterized it. Analysis of MsMYB-RNAi transgenic lines showed increased levels of monoterpenes and MsMYB-overexpressing lines exhibited decreased levels of monoterpenes...
February 3, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131062/anthocyanin-biosynthesis-regulation-of-dhmyb2-and-dhbhlh1-in-dendrobium-hybrids-petals
#3
Chonghui Li, Jian Qiu, Ling Ding, Mingzhong Huang, Surong Huang, Guangsui Yang, Junmei Yin
Dendrobium hybrids orchid are popular throughout the world. They have various floral color and pigmentation patterns that are mainly caused by anthocyanins. It is well established that anthocyanin biosynthesis is regulated by the interplay between MYB and bHLH transcription factors (TF) in most plants. In this study, we identified one R2R3-MYB gene, DhMYB2, and one bHLH gene, DhbHLH1, from a Dendrobium hybrid. Their expression profiles were related to anthocyanin pigmentation in Dendrobium petals. Transient over-expression of these two TF genes showed that both DhMYB2 and DhbHLH1 resulted in anthocyanin production in white petals...
March 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126679/pacmyba-a-sweet-cherry-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-is-a-positive-regulator-of-salt-stress-tolerance-and-pathogen-resistance
#4
Xinjie Shen, Xinwei Guo, Xiao Guo, Di Zhao, Wei Zhao, Jingsheng Chen, Tianhong Li
Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factors play crucial roles in stress responses. We previously isolated a R2R3-MYB homolog from sweet cherry cv. Hong Deng, designated PacMYBA (GenBank accession No. KF974774). To explore the role of PacMYBA in the plant stress response, we heterologously expressed PacMYBA in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants. In a previous study, we demonstrated that PacMYBA is mainly localized to the nucleus and could be induced by abscisic acid (ABA). Analysis of the promoter sequence of PacMYBA revealed that it contains several stress-related cis-elements...
January 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125637/functional-characterization-of-cotton-gamyb62l-a-novel-r2r3-tf-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#5
Hamama Islam Butt, Zhaoen Yang, Eryong Chen, Ge Zhao, Qian Gong, Zuoren Yang, Xueyan Zhang, Fuguang Li
Drought stress can trigger the production of ABA in plants, in response to adverse conditions, which induces the transcript of stress-related marker genes. The R2R3 MYB TFs are implicated in regulation of various plants developmental, metabolic and multiple environmental stress responses. Here, a R2R3-MYB cloned gene, GaMYB62L, was transformed in Arabidopsis and was functionally characterized. The GaMYB62L protein contains two SANT domains with a conserved R2R3 imperfect repeats. The GaMYB62L cDNA is 1,017 bp with a CDS of 879, encodes a 292-residue polypeptide with MW of 38...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117379/ptomyb156-is-involved-in-negative-regulation-of-phenylpropanoid-metabolism-and-secondary-cell-wall-biosynthesis-during-wood-formation-in-poplar
#6
Li Yang, Xin Zhao, Lingyu Ran, Chaofeng Li, Di Fan, Keming Luo
Some R2R3 MYB transcription factors have been shown to be major regulators of phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway and impact secondary wall formation in plants. In this study, we describe the functional characterization of PtoMYB156, encoding a R2R3-MYB transcription factor, from Populus tomentosa. Expression pattern analysis showed that PtoMYB156 is widely expressed in all tissues examined, but predominantly in leaves and developing wood cells. PtoMYB156 localized to the nucleus and acted as a transcriptional repressor...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115495/a-r2r3-myb-gene-lfmyb113-is-responsible-for-autumn-leaf-coloration-in-formosan-sweet-gum-liquidambar-formosana-hance
#7
Chi-Hsiang Wen, Fang-Hua Chu
The regulation of autumn leaf coloration in deciduous trees has long been an enigma. Due to the fact that different coloration phenotypes may be considered when planting, more understanding of the regulation mechanism is needed. In this study, a R2R3-MYB transcription factor gene LfMYB113 was identified from a subtropical deciduous tree species Formosan sweet gum (Liquidambar formosana Hance). The expression patterns of LfMYB113 in four selected phenotypes were different and were positively correlated with leaf anthocyanin content...
January 23, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107780/myb12-and-myb22-play-essential-roles-in-proanthocyanidin-and-flavonol-synthesis-in-red-fleshed-apple-malus-sieversii-f-niedzwetzkyana
#8
Nan Wang, Haifeng Xu, Shenghui Jiang, Zongying Zhang, Ninglin Lu, Huarong Qiu, Changzhi Qu, Yicheng Wang, Shujing Wu, Xuesen Chen
Flavonoids are major polyphenol compounds in plant secondary metabolism. Compared with cultivated apples, wild red-fleshed apples (Malus sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana) are excellent resources because of their high flavonoid content. In this work, R6R6, R6R1 and R1R1 genotypes were identified in an F1 segregating population of M. sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana. Significant differences in flavonoid compositions and contents were detected among the three genotypes by UPLC-ESI-TOF/MS analysis. Furthermore, two putative flavonoid-related genes encoding R2R3-MYB transcription factors, designated MYB12 and MYB22, were cloned and characterized...
January 20, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062835/the-osmyb30-transcription-factor-suppresses-cold-tolerance-by-interacting-with-a-jaz-protein-and-suppressing-%C3%AE-amylase-expression
#9
Yan Lv, Mei Yang, Dan Hu, Zeyu Yang, Siqi Ma, Xianghua Li, Lizhong Xiong
Cold stress is one of the major limiting factors for rice (Oryza sativa) productivity. Several MYB transcriptional factors have been reported as important regulators in the cold stress response, but the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we characterized a cold-responsive R2R3-type MYB gene, OsMYB30, for its regulatory function in cold tolerance in rice. Functional analysis revealed that overexpression of OsMYB30 in rice resulted in increased cold sensitivity, while the osmyb30 knockout mutant showed increased cold tolerance...
February 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051907/novel-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-from-prunus-americana-regulate-differential-patterns-of-anthocyanin-accumulation-in-tobacco-and-citrus
#10
Kasturi Dasgupta, Roger Thilmony, Ed Stover, Maria Luiza Oliveira, James Thomson
The level of anthocyanins in plants vary widely among cultivars, developmental stages and environmental stimuli. Previous studies have reported that the expression of various MYBs regulate anthocyanin pigmentation during growth and development. Here we examine the activity of three novel R2R3-MYB transcription factor (TF) genes, PamMybA.1, PamMybA.3 and PamMybA.5 from Prunus americana. The anthocyanin accumulation patterns mediated by CaMV double35S promoter (db35Sp) controlled expression of the TFs in transgenic tobacco were compared to citrus-MoroMybA, Arabidopsis-AtMybA1 and grapevine-VvMybA1 transgenics during their entire growth cycles...
January 4, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018399/the-onion-allium-cepa-l-r2r3-myb-gene-myb1-regulates-anthocyanin-biosynthesis
#11
Kathy E Schwinn, Hanh Ngo, Fernand Kenel, David A Brummell, Nick W Albert, John A McCallum, Meeghan Pither-Joyce, Ross N Crowhurst, Colin Eady, Kevin M Davies
Bulb color is an important consumer trait for onion (Allium cepa L., Allioideae, Asparagales). The bulbs accumulate a range of flavonoid compounds, including anthocyanins (red), flavonols (pale yellow), and chalcones (bright yellow). Flavonoid regulation is poorly characterized in onion and in other plants belonging to the Asparagales, despite being a major plant order containing many important crop and ornamental species. R2R3-MYB transcription factors associated with the regulation of distinct branches of the flavonoid pathway were isolated from onion...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977333/molecular-mechanism-of-bjchi1-mediated-plant-defense-against-botrytis-cinerea-infection
#12
Ying Gao, Kaijun Zhao
Plant chitinases are a group of proteins associated with defense against pathogen attack. BjCHI1 is the first characterized chitinase containing two chitin binding domains (CBDs). Investigations have shown that BjCHI1 inhibits growth of fungal phytopathogens and agglutinates Gram-negative bacteria. Our recent studies revealed that expression of BjCHI1 mRNA is largely induced upon infection of Botrytis cinerea via a R2R3-MYB transcription factor BjMYB1 interacting with a W box-like element (Wbl-4) in the BjCHI1 promoter...
January 2, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932421/myb89-transcription-factor-represses-seed-oil-accumulation
#13
Dong Li, Changyu Jin, Shaowei Duan, Yana Zhu, Shuanghui Qi, Kaige Liu, Chenhao Gao, Haoli Ma, Meng Zhang, Yuncheng Liao, Mingxun Chen
In many higher plants, seed oil accumulation is precisely controlled by intricate multilevel regulatory networks, among which transcriptional regulation mainly influences oil biosynthesis. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the master positive transcription factors, WRINKLED1 (WRI1) and LEAFY COTYLEDON1-LIKE (L1L), are important for seed oil accumulation. We found that an R2R3-MYB transcription factor, MYB89, was expressed predominantly in developing seeds during maturation. Oil and major fatty acid biosynthesis in seeds was significantly promoted by myb89-1 mutation and MYB89 knockdown; thus, MYB89 was an important repressor during seed oil accumulation...
February 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870264/a-hot-topic-the-genetics-of-adaptation-to-geothermal-vents-in-mimulus-guttatus
#14
Kathleen G Ferris
Identifying the individual loci and mutations that underlie adaptation to extreme environments has long been a goal of evolutionary biology. However, finding the genes that underlie adaptive traits is difficult for several reasons. First, because many traits and genes evolve simultaneously as populations diverge, it is difficult to disentangle adaptation from neutral demographic processes. Second, finding the individual loci involved in any trait is challenging given the respective limitations of quantitative and population genetic methods...
November 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866313/two-myb-related-transcription-factors-play-opposite-roles-in-sugar-signaling-in-arabidopsis
#15
Yi-Shih Chen, Yi-Chi Chao, Tzu-Wei Tseng, Chun-Kai Huang, Pei-Ching Lo, Chung-An Lu
Sugar regulation of gene expression has profound effects at all stages of the plant life cycle. Although regulation at the transcriptional level is one of the most prominent mechanisms by which gene expression is regulated, only a few transcription factors have been identified and demonstrated to be involved in the regulation of sugar-regulated gene expression. OsMYBS1, an R1/2-type MYB transcription factor, has been demonstrated to be involved in sugar- and hormone-regulated α-amylase gene expression in rice...
February 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825968/the-wheat-myb-transcription-factor-tamyb18-regulates-leaf-rolling-in-rice
#16
Lichao Zhang, Chunhao Dong, Qiang Zhang, Guangyao Zhao, Fu Li, Chuan Xia, Lina Zhang, Longzhi Han, Jinxia Wu, Jizeng Jia, Xu Liu, Xiuying Kong
Leaf rolling is an important agronomic trait in crop breeding. Moderate leaf rolling maintains the erectness of leaves and minimizes shadowing between leaves, leading to improved photosynthetic efficiency. Although some genes controlling leaf rolling have been isolated from rice and other plant species, few studies have examined leaf rolling in wheat. In the present study, the leaf rolling regulator gene, TaMYB18, was identified in a large-scale transgene project involving the transformation of 1455 wheat transcription factor genes into rice...
December 2, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818667/multiple-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-involved-in-the-regulation-of-anthocyanin-accumulation-in-peach-flower
#17
Hui Zhou, Qian Peng, Jianbo Zhao, Albert Owiti, Fei Ren, Liao Liao, Lu Wang, Xianbao Deng, Quan Jiang, Yuepeng Han
Anthocyanin accumulation is responsible for flower coloration in peach. Here, we report the identification and functional characterization of eight flavonoid-related R2R3-MYB transcription factors, designated PpMYB10.2, PpMYB9, PpMYBPA1, Peace, PpMYB17, PpMYB18, PpMYB19, and PpMYB20, respectively, in peach flower transcriptome. PpMYB10.2 and PpMYB9 are able to activate transcription of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, whilst PpMYBPA1 and Peace have a strong activation on the promoters of proanthocyanin (PA) biosynthetic genes...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814568/tartary-buckwheat-ftmyb10-encodes-an-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-that-acts-as-a-novel-negative-regulator-of-salt-and-drought-response-in-transgenic-arabidopsis
#18
Fei Gao, Huipeng Yao, Haixia Zhao, Jing Zhou, Xiaopeng Luo, Yunji Huang, Chenglei Li, Hui Chen, Qi Wu
Tartary buckwheat is a strongly abiotic, resistant coarse cereal, but its tolerance mechanisms for stress are largely unknown. MYB transcription factors play key roles in various physiological, biochemical and molecular responses, which can both positively and negatively regulate the stress tolerance of plants. In this study, we report that the expression of FtMYB10, a R2R3-MYB gene from Tartary buckwheat, was induced significantly by ABA and drought treatments. A seed germination test under ABA treatment indicated that transgenic lines were less sensitive to ABA...
December 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811015/myb75-phosphorylation-by-mpk4-is-required-for-light-induced-anthocyanin-accumulation-in-arabidopsis
#19
Shengnan Li, Wenyi Wang, Jinlan Gao, Kangquan Yin, Rui Wang, Chengcheng Wang, Morten Petersen, John Mundy, Jin-Long Qiu
Light is a major environmental cue affecting various physiological and metabolic processes in plants. Although plant photoreceptors are well characterized, the mechanisms by which light regulates downstream responses are less clear. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the accumulation of photoprotective anthocyanin pigments is light dependent, and the R2R3 MYB transcription factor MYB75/PAP1 regulates anthocyanin accumulation. Here, we report that MYB75 interacts with and is phosphorylated by MAP KINASE4 (MPK4). Their interaction is dependent on MPK4 kinase activity and is required for full function of MYB75...
November 2016: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713753/the-woody-preferential-gene-egmyb88-regulates-the-biosynthesis-of-phenylpropanoid-derived-compounds-in-wood
#20
Marçal Soler, Anna Plasencia, Jorge Lepikson-Neto, Eduardo L O Camargo, Annabelle Dupas, Nathalie Ladouce, Edouard Pesquet, Fabien Mounet, Romain Larbat, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati
Comparative phylogenetic analyses of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor family revealed that five subgroups were preferentially found in woody species and were totally absent from Brassicaceae and monocots (Soler et al., 2015). Here, we analyzed one of these subgroups (WPS-I) for which no gene had been yet characterized. Most Eucalyptus members of WPS-I are preferentially expressed in the vascular cambium, the secondary meristem responsible for tree radial growth. We focused on EgMYB88, which is the most specifically and highly expressed in vascular tissues, and showed that it behaves as a transcriptional activator in yeast...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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