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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138978/-morphology-of-the-vitreoretinal-interface-in-fellow-eyes-of-patients-with-full-thickness-macular-holes
#1
J E Klaas, S Burzer, S Abraham, N Feucht, C P Lohmann, M Maier
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective, observational clinical study to evaluate the vitreoretinal interface (VRI) in fellow eyes of patients with full thickness macular holes (FTMH) based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) examinations. METHODS: The VRI in fellow eyes of 38 patients with idiopathic FTMH, 6 of which had concomitant vitreomacular traction (VMT) and the VRI of 32 patients with FTMH with complete resolution of VMT were examined by SD-OCT for the presence of vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), VMT and the formation of FTMH, lamellar macular holes (LMH), macular pseudoholes (MPH) or epiretinal membranes (ERM)...
November 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121835/helen-p-cleary-mph-scd-ches-1920-2016
#2
Alyson Taub, Jeff Kichen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121517/suicide-risk-reduction-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prescribed-methylphenidate-a-taiwan-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Yin-To Liao, Tzu-Chin Lin, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Brent A Kelsen, Tsu-Nai Wang, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) youths have increased suicide risk. Nevertheless, the beneficial effects of methylphenidate (MPH) on suicide attempt have received relatively little attention. AIMS: To investigate the MPH usage and the risk of suicide attempt among ADHD youths. METHODS: We identified 84,898 youths less than 18 years old with ADHD diagnosis between 1997 and 2013 from National Health Insurance, and examined whether MPH use affected suicide attempt risk using Cox proportional-hazards models...
November 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114697/effect-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analogue-on-final-adult-height-among-jordanian-children-with-precocious-puberty
#4
Hala H Swaiss, Nahla M Khawaja, Oraib H Farahid, Anwar M Batieha, Kamel M Ajlouni
To study the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) on final adult height (FAH) among Jordanian children with central precocious puberty (CPP). Methods: It is a retrospective historical cohort study. We assessed the FAH and height gain in 43 children with CPP (39 females and 4 males) who received GnRHa and 13 children with CPP (11 females and 2 males) who did not receive GnRHa and achieved FAH between 2004 and 2014. Final adult height was compared to target height (TH) and mid- parental height (MPH) in both groups...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109731/gm-csf-monocyte-derived-cells-and-langerhans-cells-as-part-of-the-dendritic-cell-family
#5
REVIEW
Manfred B Lutz, Herbert Strobl, Gerold Schuler, Nikolaus Romani
Dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (Mph) share many characteristics as components of the innate immune system. The criteria to classify the multitude of subsets within the mononuclear phagocyte system are currently phenotype, ontogeny, transcription patterns, epigenetic adaptations, and function. More recently, ontogenetic, transcriptional, and proteomic research approaches uncovered major developmental differences between Flt3L-dependent conventional DCs as compared with Mphs and monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs), the latter mainly generated in vitro from murine bone marrow-derived DCs (BM-DCs) or human CD14(+) peripheral blood monocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107662/methylphenidate-alters-brain-connectivity-after-enhanced-physical-performance
#6
Michael King, Keelyn Van Breda, Laurie H Rauch, Samantha J Brooks, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
Muscle fatigue is a disturbed homeostatic state characterized by a temporary inability to maintain force output and has lasting effects on the brain in the period immediately after exercise, such as decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity (FC). Stimulants that increase dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmission can enhance performance during muscle fatiguing exercise (i.e. are ergogenic). We recently demonstrated that methylphenidate (MPH) increased force output and increased FC between the insular (IC) and hand motor cortex during a fatiguing handgrip task...
October 28, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099891/paraskiing-crash-and-knee-dislocation-with-multiligament-reconstruction-and-iliotibial-band-repair
#7
Chase S Dean, Olivia Fernandes, Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade
We describe the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and complications of a 27-year-old male paraskiier who sustained a closed high-velocity knee dislocation after colliding with a tree at a speed of 45 mph and falling 40 feet to the ground. Extensive surgery to repair and reconstruct the knee included open lateral capsular repair, open anatomical posterolateral corner reconstruction with split Achilles tendon allograft, open iliotibial band reconstruction with Achilles tendon allograft, arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft, and double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with Achilles tendon allograft for the anterolateral bundle and tibialis anterior tendon allograft for the posteromedial bundle...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098467/a-6-month-follow-up-of-an-rct-on-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#8
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Jos W R Twisk, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
To assess the long-term effects of neurofeedback (NFB) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared behavioral and neurocognitive outcomes at a 6-month naturalistic follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on NFB, methylphenidate (MPH), and physical activity (PA). Ninety-two children with a DSM-IV-TR ADHD diagnosis, aged 7-13, receiving NFB (n = 33), MPH (n = 28), or PA (n = 31), were re-assessed 6-months after the interventions. NFB comprised theta/beta training on the vertex (cortical zero)...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095270/pituitary-insufficiency-following-traumatic-thoracic-injury-in-an-adolescent-male-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Łukasz Kluczyński, Małgorzata Wilusz, Jacek Pantofliński, Renata Turek-Jabrocka, Dorota Pach, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
RATIONALE: Traumatic thoracic injuries in adolescents are rare but could be connected with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and development of chronic hypopituitarism. Early recognition of these endocrine problems is a significant challenge to clinicians. We present difficulties in diagnosis of hypothalamic-pituitary insufficiency following traumatic thoracic injury in adolescence. We also review the literature of similar cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 24-years-old male...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090624/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Beck J, Greenwood DA, Blanton L, et al. 2017. National standards for diabetes self-management education and support. Diabetes Educ. 2017;43(5):449-464. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0145721717722968) In the October 2017 issue of The Diabetes Educator, the 2 opening paragraphs of the article contained errors. In addition, for author Ardis A. Reed, MPH, RD, LD, CDE, the correct affiliation should be listed as TMF Health Quality Institute, Austin, Texas. The corrected 2 opening paragraphs are as follows: By the most recent estimates, 30...
December 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075911/-histopathological-correlation-of-epiretinal-tissue-in-lamellar-macular-holes-and-macular-pseudoholes
#11
REVIEW
R G Schumann, D Vogt, C Haritoglou, F Hagenau, J Siedlecki, A Wolf, S G Priglinger
BACKGROUND: Using high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), morphologically different types of epiretinal tissue can be distinguished in lamellar macular holes (LMH) and macular pseudoholes (MPH). OBJECTIVE: This article presents the results of histopathological characterization and differentiation of epiretinal tissue in eyes with LMH and MPH, which are classified based on a morphological differentiation in SD-OCT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review is based on the currently available literature and own data analyses...
October 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071814/extensively-drug-resistant-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-1642-carrying-an-incx3-plasmid-containing-the-blakpc-2-gene-associated-with-transposon-tn4401a
#12
Seri Jeong, Jung Ok Kim, Eun Jeong Yoon, Il Kwon Bae, Woonhyoung Lee, Hyukmin Lee, Yongjung Park, Kyungwon Lee, Seok Hoon Jeong
BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Enterobacteriaceae carrying the bla(KPC) gene have emerged as a major global therapeutic concern. The purpose of this study was to analyze the complete sequences of plasmids from KPC-2 carbapenemase-producing XDR Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 1642 isolates. METHODS: We performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PCR, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and whole-genome sequencing to characterize the plasmid-mediated KPC-2-producing E...
January 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061363/impact-of-developmental-exposure-to-methylphenidate-on-rat-brain-s-immune-privilege-and-behavior-control-versus-adhd-model
#13
Vanessa Coelho-Santos, Filipa L Cardoso, Ricardo A Leitão, Carlos A Fontes-Ribeiro, Ana Paula Silva
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent childhood mental disorders that often persists into adulthood. Moreover, methylphenidate (MPH) is the mainstay of medical treatment for this disorder. Yet, not much is known about the neurobiological impact of MPH on control versus ADHD conditions, which is crucial to simultaneously clarify the misuse/abuse versus therapeutic use of this psychostimulant. In the present study, we applied biochemical and behavioral approaches to broadly explore the early-life chronic exposure of two different doses of MPH (1...
October 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061293/methylphenidate-gender-trends-in-adult-and-pediatric-populations-over-a-7year-period
#14
Carole Ehrhardt, Quentin Boucherie, Vanessa Pauly, David Braunstein, Eléonore Ronflé, Xavier Thirion, Elisabeth Frauger, Joelle Micallef
OBJECTIVE: Methylphenidate (MPH) is a prescription-stimulant medication which is authorized in France for two indications: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children (aged≥6years) and narcolepsy in cases where modafinil is ineffective (for children and adults). MPH use has increased worldwide in the past 2 decades in children and adults. Different pharmacoepidemiological Europeans studies have described MPH patterns of use. To our knowledge, few pharmacoepidemiological studies have described MPH patterns of use in France...
July 21, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#15
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052617/adhd-smoking-withdrawal-and-inhibitory-control-results-of-a-neuroimaging-study-with-methylphenidate-challenge
#16
Maggie M Sweitzer, Scott H Kollins, Rachel V Kozink, Matt Hallyburton, Joseph English, Merideth A Addicott, Jason A Oliver, F Joseph McClernon
Smoking withdrawal negatively impacts inhibitory control, and these effects are greater for smokers with pre-existing attention problems, such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study preliminarily evaluated changes in inhibitory control-related behavior and brain activation during smoking withdrawal among smokers with ADHD. Moreover, we investigated the role of catecholamine transmission in these changes by examining effects of 40 mg methylphenidate (MPH) administration. Adult daily smokers with (n=17) and without (n=20) ADHD completed fMRI scanning under each of three conditions: (a) smoking as usual+placebo; (b) 24 hr smoking abstinence+placebo and (c) 24 hr smoking abstinence+MPH...
October 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039979/single-dose-pharmacokinetics-of-hld200-a-delayed-release-and-extended-release-methylphenidate-formulation-in-healthy-adults-and-in-adolescents-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Ann Childress, Shailly Mehrotra, Jogarao Gobburu, Angus McLean, Norberto J DeSousa, Bev Incledon
OBJECTIVE: Current extended-release (ER) formulations of psychostimulants used for treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) provide an extended duration of ADHD symptom control; however, the onset of efficacy can be protracted and variable, leaving the early morning untreated. The primary objective was to characterize the single-dose pharmacokinetics and tolerability of HLD200, an evening-dosed, delayed-release (DR) and ER formulation of methylphenidate (MPH), in healthy adults and in adolescents and children with ADHD...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028920/perceived-fatigability-and-objective-physical-activity-in-mid-to-late-life
#18
Amal A Wanigatunga, Eleanor M Simonsick, Vadim Zipunnikov, Adam P Spira, Stephanie Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci, Jennifer A Schrack
Background: Fatigability, defined as fatigue in relation to a standardized task, predicts functional decline in older adults independent of reported tiredness or energy level. Although the sensation of fatigue, tiredness, and energy level adversely affect physical activity (PA), the association between fatigability and objectively measured PA is unknown. Methods: Participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (n=557, 50% women, aged 50-97) were instructed to wear an Actiheart accelerometer for 7 consecutive days in the free-living environment...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023139/sheltering-haitian-humanitarian-parolees-in-san-diego-a-local-health-department-s-response-to-an-international-crisis
#19
Catherine L Blaser, Christine Murto
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984532/corrigendum-to-workplace-lactation-support-in-milwaukee-county-5-years-after-the-affordable-care-act
#20
(no author information available yet)
Lennon, T., Blackwell, D., & Willis, E. (2017). Workplace lactation support in Milwaukee county 5 years after the Affordable Care Act. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(1), 214-219. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0890334416679617) In this article that appeared in the February 2017 issue of Journal of Human Lactation, the following corrections are required due to an inadvertent omission by the research team authoring the paper. 1) Dalvery Blackwell has been added as an author. The corrected author list is as follows: Tyler Lennon, BS, Dalvery Blackwell, BA, IBCLC, and Earnestine Willis, MD, MPH 2) The authors sincerely appreciate the significant contribution that the African American Breastfeeding Network (AABN) had in this project that resulted in a publication and wish to acknowledge them for their outstanding efforts in the Milwaukee communities...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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