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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340156/the-impact-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-on-self-esteem-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Margaret Murray, Aimee L Dordevic, Maxine P Bonham
 Building self-esteem in overweight adolescents is key to long-term weight management; yet, self-esteem is rarely a key outcome of adolescent weight management interventions. This systematic review investigates the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents.  Six databases were searched in December 2014. Eligible studies met the following criteria: (1) randomized controlled trial, (2) overweight or obese participants, (3) adolescents (10-19 years), (4) multicomponent weight management intervention, (5) reported self-esteem and weight changes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316367/is-friendship-network-weight-status-associated-with-one-s-own-psychological-well-being-it-depends-on-one-s-own-weight-status
#2
Paul T Fuglestad, Melanie M Wall, Jin Joo Shim, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Drawing on multiple theoretical perspectives (e.g., social comparison theory, reward theory, evolutionary theory), the present research examined the relations of self and friendship network weight status to body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depression. A diverse, population-based sample of adolescents completed measures of well-being and were measured for height and weight. Boys had greater self-esteem if their male friendship networks' weight status mismatched, versus matched, their own weight status (d = ...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285749/evaluation-of-a-commercially-delivered-weight-management-program-for-adolescents
#3
Maxine P Bonham, Aimee L Dordevic, Robert S Ware, Leah Brennan, Helen Truby
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a commercially available, structured short-term weight management program designed for adolescents with obesity delivered by nonhealth professionals. STUDY DESIGN: A multisite parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate a commercial 12-week lifestyle behavioral program in commercial weight management centers in Australia. Eligible participants (13-17 years, body mass index (BMI) z score ≥1.282 with no presenting morbidities) were randomized (n = 88) to intervention or wait-list, and the program was delivered by consultants at participating weight management centers...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271455/children-with-obesity-peer-influence-as-a-predictor-of-body-dissatisfaction
#4
Adriana Amaya-Hernández, Mayaro Ortega-Luyando, María Leticia Bautista-Díaz, Georgina L Alvarez-Rayón, Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz
PURPOSE: To analyze self-esteem, as well as the different peer influence components (messages, interactions and likability) as predictors of body dissatisfaction in children with obesity. METHOD: A total of 123 children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups according to their body mass index. The group with obesity was comprised of 36 boys and 21 girls and the group with normal weight of 32 boys and 34 girls. All of the participants answered the Body Shape Questionnaire-16, the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261139/assessment-of-dysfunctional-cognitions-in-binge-eating-disorder-factor-structure-and-validity-of-the-mizes-anorectic-cognitions-questionnaire-revised-mac-r
#5
Isabelle Carrard, Stephane Rothen, Maaike Kruseman, Yasser Khazaal
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions regarding weight and shape and their implications for self-esteem are considered core features of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. However, they have also been associated with the severity of binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, they should be screened with appropriate instruments to tailor treatment to individual patient needs. The Mizes Anorectic Cognitions-Revised (MAC-R) is a self-report questionnaire that lists dysfunctional cognitions related to three hypothesized core beliefs typical of the psychopathology of eating disorders: weight and eating as the basis of approval from others; the belief that rigid self-control is fundamental to self-worth; and the rigidity of weight- and eating-regulation efforts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259558/patient-satisfaction-body-image-and-quality-of-life-after-lower-body-lift-a-prospective-pre-and-postoperative-long-term-survey
#6
Martin F Vierhapper, Anna Pittermann, Stefan Hacker, Hugo B Kitzinger
BACKGROUND: Body contouring surgery after massive weight loss remains a fast growing field due to the rising number of postbariatric surgery patients, and it can improve patients' quality of life substantially. Patient expectations in these procedures are very high, but only little is known as to whether these procedures have a long lasting influence on body image, patient satisfaction, and quality of life. SETTING: University hospital, Austria. METHODS: We evaluated 40 consecutive female patients who underwent a lower body lift between 2009 and 2013...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241995/mediterranean-diet-adherence-is-associated-with-lifestyle-physical-fitness-and-mental-wellness-among-10-y-olds-in-chile
#7
José Joaquín Muros, Cristian Cofre-Bolados, Daniel Arriscado, Félix Zurita, Emily Knox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) within a population of children from Santiago, Chile. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between MD adherence, body composition, physical fitness, self-esteem, and other lifestyle factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of a sample of children (N = 515; 10.6 ± 0.5 y) was conducted. Weight, body mass index, skinfolds, and waist circumference were measured...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220456/obesity-in-children-and-the-myth-of-psychological-maladjustment-self-esteem-in-the-spotlight
#8
REVIEW
Andrew J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence...
March 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#9
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181664/association-of-overweight-and-obesity-with-decline-in-academic-performance-among-female-high-school-students-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#10
M A Adaili, A G Mohamed, H Alkhashan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between overweight/obesity and future academic performance among high-school students in Saudi Arabia. This was a retrospective cohort study of 257 12th grade female students in Alabna (Ministry of Defence) high schools in Riyadh during 2013/14. Overweight/obesity was based on weight and height at 10th grade. Decline in academic performance was defined as a reduction by > 1 standard deviation in marks between 10th and 12th grades. One hundred and five students were overweight/obese and 30 had declined academic performance...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#11
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#13
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999670/a-qualitative-analysis-of-participants-reflections-on-body-image-during-participation-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#15
Maria Fogelkvist, Thomas Parling, Lars Kjellin, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Negative body image is a risk factor for development and relapse in eating disorders (ED). Many patients continue to be dissatisfied with their body shape or weight after treatment. This study presents a qualitative analysis of written reflections on body image from patients with an ED and a negative body image before and after an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy group treatment at a specialized ED-unit. METHOD: Before and after the treatment participants (n = 47) answered a questionnaire with open ended questions on their thoughts on body image...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993460/declining-well-being-in-young-swedes-born-in-1990-versus-1974
#16
Ebba Brann, John E Chaplin, Monica Leu Agelii, Agneta Sjöberg, Aimon Niklasson, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland, Lauren Lissner
PURPOSE: Well-being is affected by the environment, including societal changes. In this study, specific dimensions of well-being were compared in two cohorts of Swedish adolescents born 16 years apart. METHODS: Two groups of 18-year-olds, "Grow up Gothenburg" 1974 and 1990 birth cohorts, completed a self-reported questionnaire including the Gothenburg Well-Being in adolescence scale (GWBa). In addition, height and weight were measured, resulting in 4,362 participants (1974 birth cohort) and 5,151 participants (1990 birth cohort) with age, height, weight, and well-being data...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941519/quality-of-life-among-adults-following-bariatric-and-body-contouring-surgery-a-systematic-review
#17
Jo Gilmartin, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Joan Maclean, Wendy Stanton, Mark Soldin
BACKGROUND: Weight loss following bariatric surgery is associated with significant improvements in obesity-related comorbidities, body satisfaction and psychosocial outcomes, at least in the short term. However, in the context of extreme weight loss, body image and appearance may worsen again because the "excess" or "loose" skin can lead to both functional and profound dissatisfaction with appearance. These concerns have led to an increasing uptake of post-bariatric surgery, "body-contouring" procedures but the implications for quality of life (QoL) have not been thoroughly considered...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932687/diabetes-distress-among-persons-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Margaret A Powers, Sara A Richter, Diann M Ackard, Cheryl Craft
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between diabetes distress and a range of psychological health behaviors and concerns among persons with type 1 diabetes for the benefit of enhancing early identification and intervention of at-risk individuals. Methods Persons with type 1 diabetes (n = 268; 57.1% female, 91.0% white, 76.8% <18 years of age, average A1C 8.4%) completed the 2-item Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDS2) and a battery of psychometrically sound instruments measuring satisfaction with life, self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, perfectionism, body image satisfaction, dietary restraint and eating, and shape and weight concerns...
February 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#19
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923968/exploring-gender-differences-in-a-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-maintenance
#20
Melissa M Crane, Robert W Jeffery, Nancy E Sherwood
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in reasons for losing weight, weight loss methods, and weight loss behaviors prior to and during a weight loss maintenance trial. This is a secondary analysis of data from a 24-month randomized controlled trial comparing Self-Directed or Guided phone-based weight loss maintenance interventions among adults who had intentionally lost ≥10% of their body weight in the year prior to enrollment. Participants reported their weight loss methods and reasons for recently losing weight at baseline...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
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