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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424106/early-developmental-influences-on-self-esteem-trajectories-from-adolescence-through-adulthood-impact-of-birth-weight-and-motor-skills
#1
Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Mark A Ferro, Cheryl Missiuna, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
While the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to adulthood varies from person to person, little research has examined how differences in early developmental processes might affect these pathways. This study examined how early motor skill development interacted with preterm birth status to predict self-esteem from adolescence through the early 30s. We addressed this using the oldest known, prospectively followed cohort of extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) survivors (N = 179) and normal birth weight controls (N = 145) in the world, born between 1977 and 1982...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417002/motivation-to-change-coping-and-self-esteem-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-validation-study-of-the-anorexia-nervosa-stages-of-change-questionnaire-ansocq
#2
Dagmar Pauli, Marcel Aebi, Christa Winkler Metzke, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: Understanding motivation to change is a key issue in both the assessment and the treatment of eating disorders. Therefore, sound instruments assessing this construct are of great help to clinicians. Accordingly, the present study analysed the psychometric properties of the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ), including its relation to coping style and self-esteem. METHODS: N = 92 adolescents referred to an eating disorders outpatient clinic meeting criteria for anorexia nervosa gave written informed consent to participate in this study and completed the ANSOCQ, the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Questionnaire, two questionnaires measuring Self-Related Cognitions and the Coping Across Situations Questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392830/psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-japanese-adolescents
#3
Tomoyo Mitsui, Toshiyuki Yoshida, Gen Komaki
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample. METHODS: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390006/psychometric-properties-of-the-weight-self-stigma-questionnaire-wssq-among-a-sample-of-overweight-obese-french-speaking-adolescents
#4
Christophe Maïano, Annie Aimé, Geneviève Lepage, Alexandre J S Morin
PURPOSE: The Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire (WSSQ) was recently developed to assess the internalization of weight stigma among English-speaking overweight and obese adults. The objective of the present study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of a French version of the WSSQ, as well as its applicability to adolescents. METHODS: The sample comprised 156 overweight and obese adolescents (81 boys, 75 girls, M age = 16.31). The factor validity and the convergent validity of the French version of the WSSQ were examined using a confirmatory factor analysis and a structural equation model, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370321/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-social-media-literacy-intervention-to-reduce-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders
#5
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Jennifer Masters, Susan J Paxton
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a social media literacy intervention for adolescent girls on risk factors for eating disorders. METHOD: A quasi-experimental pre- to post-test design comparing intervention and control conditions was used. Participants were 101 adolescent girls (Mage  = 13.13, SD = 0.33) who were allocated to receive three social media literacy intervention lessons (n = 64) or to receive classes as usual (n = 37)...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340581/does-psychological-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-bullying-involvement-and-weight-loss-preoccupation-in-adolescents-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying is associated with a range of adversities for those who are bullied i.e., victims and bully-victims (e.g., those who bully others and get victimised), including reduced psychological functioning and eating disorder symptoms. Bullies are generally well-adjusted psychologically, but previous research suggests that bullies may also engage in problematic diet behaviours. This study investigates a) whether adolescents involved in bullying (bullies, victims, bully-victims) are at increased risk of weight loss preoccupation, b) whether psychological functioning mediates this relationship and c) whether sex is a key moderator...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340156/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-the-impact-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-on-self-esteem-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#7
Margaret Murray, Aimee L Dordevic, Maxine P Bonham
Objective: Building self-esteem in overweight adolescents is key to long-term weight management; yet, self-esteem is rarely a key outcome of adolescent weight management interventions. This systematic review investigates the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents. Method: Six databases were searched in December 2014. Eligible studies met the following criteria: (1) randomized controlled trial, (2) overweight or obese participants, (3) adolescents (10-19 years), (4) multicomponent weight management intervention, (5) reported self-esteem and weight changes...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316367/is-friendship-network-weight-status-associated-with-one-s-own-psychological-well-being-it-depends-on-one-s-own-weight-status
#8
Paul T Fuglestad, Melanie M Wall, Jin Joo Shim, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Drawing on multiple theoretical perspectives (e.g., social comparison theory, reward theory, evolutionary theory), the present research examined the relations of self and friendship network weight status to body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depression. A diverse, population-based sample of adolescents completed measures of well-being and were measured for height and weight. Boys had greater self-esteem if their male friendship networks' weight status mismatched, versus matched, their own weight status (d = ...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285749/evaluation-of-a-commercially-delivered-weight-management-program-for-adolescents
#9
Maxine P Bonham, Aimee L Dordevic, Robert S Ware, Leah Brennan, Helen Truby
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a commercially available, structured short-term weight management program designed for adolescents with obesity delivered by nonhealth professionals. STUDY DESIGN: A multisite parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate a commercial 12-week lifestyle behavioral program in commercial weight management centers in Australia. Eligible participants (13-17 years, body mass index (BMI) z score ≥1.282 with no presenting morbidities) were randomized (n = 88) to intervention or wait-list, and the program was delivered by consultants at participating weight management centers...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271455/children-with-obesity-peer-influence-as-a-predictor-of-body-dissatisfaction
#10
Adriana Amaya-Hernández, Mayaro Ortega-Luyando, María Leticia Bautista-Díaz, Georgina L Alvarez-Rayón, Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz
PURPOSE: To analyze self-esteem, as well as the different peer influence components (messages, interactions and likability) as predictors of body dissatisfaction in children with obesity. METHOD: A total of 123 children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups according to their body mass index. The group with obesity was comprised of 36 boys and 21 girls and the group with normal weight of 32 boys and 34 girls. All of the participants answered the Body Shape Questionnaire-16, the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261139/assessment-of-dysfunctional-cognitions-in-binge-eating-disorder-factor-structure-and-validity-of-the-mizes-anorectic-cognitions-questionnaire-revised-mac-r
#11
Isabelle Carrard, Stephane Rothen, Maaike Kruseman, Yasser Khazaal
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions regarding weight and shape and their implications for self-esteem are considered core features of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. However, they have also been associated with the severity of binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, they should be screened with appropriate instruments to tailor treatment to individual patient needs. The Mizes Anorectic Cognitions-Revised (MAC-R) is a self-report questionnaire that lists dysfunctional cognitions related to three hypothesized core beliefs typical of the psychopathology of eating disorders: weight and eating as the basis of approval from others; the belief that rigid self-control is fundamental to self-worth; and the rigidity of weight- and eating-regulation efforts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259558/patient-satisfaction-body-image-and-quality-of-life-after-lower-body-lift-a-prospective-pre-and-postoperative-long-term-survey
#12
Martin F Vierhapper, Anna Pittermann, Stefan Hacker, Hugo B Kitzinger
BACKGROUND: Body contouring surgery after massive weight loss remains a fast growing field due to the rising number of postbariatric surgery patients, and it can improve patients' quality of life substantially. Patient expectations in these procedures are very high, but only little is known as to whether these procedures have a long lasting influence on body image, patient satisfaction, and quality of life. SETTING: University hospital, Austria. METHODS: We evaluated 40 consecutive female patients who underwent a lower body lift between 2009 and 2013...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241995/mediterranean-diet-adherence-is-associated-with-lifestyle-physical-fitness-and-mental-wellness-among-10-y-olds-in-chile
#13
José Joaquín Muros, Cristian Cofre-Bolados, Daniel Arriscado, Félix Zurita, Emily Knox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) within a population of children from Santiago, Chile. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between MD adherence, body composition, physical fitness, self-esteem, and other lifestyle factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of a sample of children (N = 515; 10.6 ± 0.5 y) was conducted. Weight, body mass index, skinfolds, and waist circumference were measured...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220456/obesity-in-children-and-the-myth-of-psychological-maladjustment-self-esteem-in-the-spotlight
#14
REVIEW
Andrew J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence...
March 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#15
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181664/association-of-overweight-and-obesity-with-decline-in-academic-performance-among-female-high-school-students-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#16
M A Adaili, A G Mohamed, H Alkhashan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between overweight/obesity and future academic performance among high-school students in Saudi Arabia. This was a retrospective cohort study of 257 12th grade female students in Alabna (Ministry of Defence) high schools in Riyadh during 2013/14. Overweight/obesity was based on weight and height at 10th grade. Decline in academic performance was defined as a reduction by > 1 standard deviation in marks between 10th and 12th grades. One hundred and five students were overweight/obese and 30 had declined academic performance...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#17
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#19
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
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