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Weight self esteem

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902543/associations-of-anthropometric-behavioral-and-social-factors-on-level-of-body-esteem-in-peripubertal-girls
#1
Elizabeth A Szamreta, Bo Qin, Pamela A Ohman-Strickland, Katie A Devine, Jerod L Stapleton, Jeanne M Ferrante, Elisa V Bandera
OBJECTIVE: Lower body esteem may decrease self-esteem and lead to adverse health effects in children. This study explored the role of anthropometric, behavioral, and social factors on body esteem in peripubertal girls. METHOD: We evaluated associations of body esteem (measured by the Revised Body Esteem Scale) with body mass index (BMI), mother's BMI, puberty, physical activity, role models for appearance, and screen time among girls (ages 9 and 10) participating in the Jersey Girl Study (n = 120)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899540/the-1-minute-sit-to-stand-test-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-correlations-with-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-6-minute-walk-test-and-quadriceps-strength
#2
Mathieu Gruet, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga, Laurent Mely, Jean-Marc Vallier
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is part of the regular assessment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We aimed to evaluate (1) the convergent validity of the 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test in CF by investigating its relationships with peak oxygen uptake (peak V̇O2 ), quadriceps strength, and quality of life and (2) to compare these associations with those of the 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Twenty-five adults with CF (FEV1 = 59 ± 24%) performed the STS test, the 6MWT, quadriceps strength assessment, and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#3
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852337/eating-problems-in-adolescents-and-youths-explanatory-variables
#4
Carmen Maganto, Maite Garaigordobil, Lorea Kortabarria
This study had the following goals: (1) to analyze the differences between participants with and without risk of eating disorders (ED) in self-esteem, happiness, depression, anxiety, anger, and psychological variables related to ED; (2) to determine possible differences in the group at risk of ED on these variables as a function of sex; and (3) to determine which variables explain the risk of ED. Eight assessment instruments were administered to 1.075 participants (74.6% without risk of ED and 25.4% at risk)...
November 17, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834509/is-the-bifactor-model-a-better-model-or-is-it-just-better-at-modeling-implausible-responses-application-of-iteratively-reweighted-least-squares-to-the-rosenberg-self-esteem-scale
#5
Steven P Reise, Dale S Kim, Maxwell Mansolf, Keith F Widaman
Although the structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has been exhaustively evaluated, questions regarding dimensionality and direction of wording effects continue to be debated. To shed new light on these issues, we ask (a) for what percentage of individuals is a unidimensional model adequate, (b) what additional percentage of individuals can be modeled with multidimensional specifications, and (c) what percentage of individuals respond so inconsistently that they cannot be well modeled? To estimate these percentages, we applied iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) to examine the structure of the RSES in a large, publicly available data set...
November 11, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822375/typical-patterns-of-disordered-eating-among-swedish-adolescents-associations-with-emotion-dysregulation-depression-and-self-esteem
#6
Erika Hansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Per Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Using the person-oriented approach, we determined the relationships between four indicators (restraint and eating, shape, and weight concerns) of disordered eating (DE), as measured by the self-reported Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), to identify typical DE patterns. We then related these patterns to clinical EDE-Q cut-off scores and emotion dysregulation, depression, self-esteem, and two categories of DE behaviors (≥2 or ≤1 "yes" responses on the SCOFF questionnaire)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822277/comparison-between-marital-satisfaction-and-self-esteem-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-obesity
#7
Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Tahereh Lotfi, Abdolreza Pazouki, Azadeh Mazaheri Meybod, Fahimeh Soheilipour, Fatemeh Jesmi
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the most common chronic diseases with important medical effects, as well as mental and social health problems. Bariatric surgery is one of the most effective treatments of morbid obesity. OBJECTIVES: Because of the possible psychological changes, and its effects on weight loss after surgery, the current study aimed to compare marital satisfaction and self-confidence in patients with obesity before and after bariatric surgery in Rasoul-e-Akram hospital in 2013...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792969/body-mass-index-depression-and-suicidality-the-role-of-self-esteem-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#8
Miryam Yusufov, Kristy Dalrymple, Michael H Bernstein, Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests a relationship between weight and depression/suicidality, although few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying this association. This study examined the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between BMI and depression/suicidality, as well as the moderating role of gender in the mediated pathways. METHODS: As part of a screening process in consideration for bariatric surgery, 3,101 adults (81.4% female, 18...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792772/comparing-self-report-measures-of-internalized-weight-stigma-the-weight-self-stigma-questionnaire-versus-the-weight-bias-internalization-scale
#9
Claudia Hübner, Ricarda Schmidt, Janine Selle, Hinrich Köhler, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: Internalized weight stigma has gained growing interest due to its association with multiple health impairments in individuals with obesity. Especially high internalized weight stigma is reported by individuals undergoing bariatric surgery. For assessing this concept, two different self-report questionnaires are available, but have never been compared: the Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire (WSSQ) and the Weight Bias Internalization Scale (WBIS). The purpose of the present study was to provide and to compare reliability, convergent validity with and predictive values for psychosocial health outcomes for the WSSQ and WBIS...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776622/yoga-in-women-with-abdominal-obesity%C3%9F-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Holger Cramer, Meral Sushila Thoms, Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of yoga on waist circumference and other anthropometric and self-reported variables in women with abdominal obesity. METHODS: 60 women with abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm; body-mass index [BMI] ≥ 25) were randomly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to either a 12-week yoga intervention (n = 40) or a waiting list (n = 20)...
September 30, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776159/marked-body-shape-concerns-in-female-patients-suffering-from-eating-disorders-relevance-of-a-clinical-sub-group
#11
Lucie Gailledrat, Morgane Rousselet, Jean-Luc Venisse, Sylvain Lambert, Bruno Rocher, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Anne Sauvaget, Emeline Eyzop, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Concerns about body shape and weight are core diagnostic criteria for eating disorders although intensity varies between patients. Few studies have focused on the clinical differences relative to the intensity of these concerns. Nonetheless, they might have a prognostic value. This study was aimed at identifying the characteristics associated with marked body shape concerns in patients with an eating disorder. Data was collected from a systematic and standardized clinical assessment of outpatients seeking treatment in our department for eating disorders...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769209/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-family-based-behavioral-treatment-of-childhood-and-adolescent-obesity-the-fabo-study
#12
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767111/psychosocial-determinants-of-oral-health-behaviour-in-adolescents
#13
Mona Agel
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, Ebsco/PsycInfo, Ebsco/CINAHL and ISI/Web of Science databases.Study selectionStudies that evaluated the association between the psychosocial correlates and oral hygiene behaviour varying from self-reports to clinical measurements, including plaque and bleeding scores were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently selected studies, abstracted data and assessed study quality using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.ResultsTwenty-four studies were included providing 31 datasets...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765023/school-based-intervention-to-prevent-overweight-and-disordered-eating-in-secondary-school-malaysian-adolescents-a-study-protocol
#14
Sharifah Intan Zainun Sharif Ishak, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Zalilah Mohd Shariff
BACKGROUND: Obesity, eating disorders and unhealthy weight-loss practices have been associated with diminished growth in adolescents worldwide. Interventions that address relevant behavioural dimensions have been lacking in Malaysia. This paper describes the protocol of an integrated health education intervention namely 'Eat Right, Be Positive About Your Body and Live Actively' (EPaL), a primary prevention which aimed to promote healthy lifestyle in preventing overweight and disordered eating among secondary school adolescents aged 13-14 years old...
October 20, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764897/the-barriers-and-enablers-of-healthy-eating-among-young-adults-a-missing-piece-of-the-obesity-puzzle-a-scoping-review
#15
A E Munt, S R Partridge, M Allman-Farinelli
Young adults in Western countries are gaining weight faster than their parents and are more likely to gain weight than any other age cohort. Despite this, investigation into the complex young adults' food choice motives, which enable and prevent healthy eating, has not been widely investigated. A scoping review was conducted involving an extensive literature search of four major electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsychInfo and CINAHL. Data were collected from 34 articles: study descriptions numerically analysed and key findings thematically analysed...
October 20, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761610/avoiding-psychological-pitfalls-in-aesthetic-medical-procedures
#16
Qiuyu Wang, Chuan Cao, Rui Guo, Xiaoge Li, Lele Lu, Wenping Wang, Shirong Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in an aesthetic surgery setting in the region of Southwest China, and to ascertain the differences in terms of body images between patients in the aesthetic setting and general Chinese population. This study tracked patient satisfaction with their body image changes while undergoing aesthetic medical procedures to identify whether the condition of patients who were presenting with BDD symptoms or their psychological symptoms could be improved by enhancing their appearance...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747652/occlusal-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-congenitally-missing-teeth-dental-implants-conventional-prosthetics-tooth-autotransplants-and-preservation-of-deciduous-teeth-a-systematic-review
#17
Hendrik Terheyden, Falk Wüsthoff
BACKGROUND: Implant patients with congenitally missing teeth share some common charateristics and deserve special attention. METHODS: The PICO question was "In patients with congenitally missing teeth, does an early occlusal rehabilitation with dental implants in comparison to tooth autotransplants, conventional prosthetics on teeth or preservation of deciduous teeth have better general outcomes in terms of survival, success and better patient centered outcomes in terms of quality of life, self-esteem, satisfaction, chewing function?" After electronic database search, a total of 63 relevant studies were eligible, of which 42 qualified for numerical data synthesis, 26 being retrospective studies...
December 2015: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721972/significant-weight-loss-following-clozapine-use-how-is-it-possible-a-case-report-and-review-of-published-cases-and-literature-relevant-to-the-subject
#18
Tongeji E Tungaraza
It has been repeatedly shown that clozapine is more efficacious than other antipsychotics in the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, clozapine is associated with a number of side effects including weight gain. Antipsychotic-induced weight gain has been linked with a number of untoward events including psychological factors such as stigma and low self-esteem, and physical factors such as metabolic syndromes and untimely death. The mechanism underlying antipsychotic (including clozapine)-induced weight gain is not clearly understood, although it is said to involve several brain areas, several neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and genetic factors...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713806/obese-chinese-primary-school-students-and-low-self-esteem-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Zhang Xue-Yan, Li Dong-Mei, Xu Dan-Dan, Zhou Le-Shan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine several factors related to low self-esteem among obese Chinese primary-school students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between June 2009 and June 2010. A total of 1,410 primary-school students (China grades 4 - 6) in Changsha city were divided into normal weight (n = 1,084), overweight (n = 211), and obese groups (n = 115) according to world health organization (WHO) growth standards for body mass index (BMI)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706853/cross-sectional-study-showed-psychosocial-variables-gender-and-family-involvement-played-an-important-role-in-an-adolescent-weight-management-programme
#20
Ana Prioste, Helena Fonseca, Pedro Sousa, Pedro Gaspar, Maria do Céu Machado
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the psychosocial gains perceived by overweight adolescents attending a 12-week weight management programme and to analyse gender-specific differences. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 70 overweight adolescents aged between 12 and 18 (52.9% girls), evaluated at baseline and at week 12 using anthropometric measurements and self-reported questionnaires. We analysed gender-specific differences related to body self-esteem, social life, relationships with their family, physical comfort, health responsibility, perceived benefits of the intervention, self-efficacy and adherence...
October 5, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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