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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333531/patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-as-a-preoperative-assessment-tool
#1
Sunghye Kim, Pamela W Duncan, Leanne Groban, Hannah Segal, Rica Moonyeen Abbott, Jeff D Williamson
Aim of review: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) on functional, social, and behavioral factors might be important preoperative predictors of postoperative outcomes. We conducted a literature review to explore associations of preoperative depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, and nutritional status with surgical outcomes. Methods: Two electronic data bases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched linking either depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, or nutritional status with surgery, postoperative complications, or perioperative period within the past 2 decades...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319766/epic-trial-education-programme-impact-on-serum-phosphorous-control-in-ckd-5d-patients-on-hemodialysis
#2
Carmen Tzanno Branco Martins, Bárbara Margareth Menardi Biavo, Clarissa Baia Bargas Uezima, Jacqueline Alves Pereira Dos Santos, Camila Machado de Barros, Elzo Ribeiro Júnior, Paul Clesca Troconis, Cristoforo Scavone, Marcus Vinicius de Souza João Luiz
INTRODUCTION: In stage 5D chronic kidney disease (CKD 5D) patients, the encouragement of treatment adherence by health professionals is a significant clinical challenge. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of a nutritional education programme on hyperphosphatemia, utilizing the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study comprising 179 CKD 5D patients with hypophosphatemia...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315948/a-patient-specific-approach-to-developing-an-exclusion-diet-to-manage-food-allergy-in-infants-and-children
#3
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch, Merryn Netting, Rosan Meyer
Food allergy is becoming increasingly common in infants and young children. This paper set out to explain the different factors that should be taken into account during an individualized allergy consultation: Foods to avoid and degree of avoidance, suitable alternatives, self-management skills, co-and cross-reactive allergens and novel allergens alongside the role of the industry in allergen avoidance, importance of nutritional aspects of the diet and the future directions that nutritional guidance make take...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246567/the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument-is-a-valid-and-reliable-measure-of-nutrition-literacy-in-adults-with-chronic-disease
#4
Heather D Gibbs, Edward F Ellerbeck, Byron Gajewski, Chuanwu Zhang, Debra K Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of the Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument (NLit) in adult primary care and identify the relationship between nutrition literacy and diet quality. DESIGN: This instrument validation study included a cross-sectional sample participating in up to 2 visits 1 month apart. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 429 adults with nutrition-related chronic disease were recruited from clinics and a patient registry affiliated with a Midwestern university medical center...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237231/the-effect-of-parental-education-on-child-health-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-a-reduction-in-the-length-of-primary-schooling-in-egypt
#5
Fatma Romeh M Ali, Mahmoud A A Elsayed
This paper examines the impact of parental education on child health using a reduction in the length of primary schooling in Egypt. We use a fuzzy regression discontinuity design to compare the health outcomes of children whose parents were exposed to different schooling requirements because they were born either side of a threshold date. Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey (1992-2014), we find no effect of maternal education on child mortality or nutritional status. There is some evidence, although not entirely robust, that father's education reduces the likelihood of child stunting...
December 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236993/balanced-nutrition-and-hand-hygiene-for-children-in-south-africa
#6
Amy C Bobbins, Rufaro Manhanzva, Manisha Bhandankar, Sunitha C Srinivas
Globally, ∼5.9 million children under the age of 5 years died in 2015, with the challenges of child mortality and morbidity being common in developing countries. Many of these deaths are preventable and poor nutritional and hygienic practices contribute greatly to these rates. The spread of infectious disease through unhygienic practices, such as inadequate hand hygiene, remains high due to lack of education regarding hygienic infection control practices at home and in the workplace. The aim of this research was to design and implement a participatory health promotion intervention for caregivers at the Rhodes Day Care Centre (RDCC) that highlighted these important public health issues...
December 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236073/reduced-educational-outcomes-persist-into-adolescence-following-mild-iodine-deficiency-in-utero-despite-adequacy-in-childhood-15-year-follow-up-of-the-gestational-iodine-cohort-investigating-auditory-processing-speed-and-working-memory
#7
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#8
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183280/using-a-monitoring-and-evaluation-framework-to-improve-study-efficiency-and-quality-during-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-infants-receiving-rotavirus-vaccination-in-el-alto-bolivia-the-infant-nutrition-inflammation-and-diarrheal-illness-nidi-study
#9
Anna M Aceituno, Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Paulina A Rebolledo, Rachel M Burke, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Parminder S Suchdev, Juan S Leon
BACKGROUND: Implementing rigorous epidemiologic studies in low-resource settings involves challenges in participant recruitment and follow-up (e.g., mobile populations, distrust), biological sample collection (e.g., cold-chain, laboratory equipment scarcity) and data collection (e.g., literacy, staff training, and infrastructure). This article describes the use of a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework to improve study efficiency and quality during participant engagement, and biological sample and data collection in a longitudinal cohort study of Bolivian infants...
November 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176817/individual-and-community-factors-contributing-to-anemia-among-women-in-rural-baja-california-mexico
#10
Molly A Moor, Miguel A Fraga, Richard S Garfein, Hooman H Rashidi, John Alcaraz, Donna Kritz-Silverstein, John P Elder, Stephanie K Brodine
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a public health concern among women in rural Baja California, Mexico. The purpose of this study was to identify the individual and community factors contributing to the disproportionately high prevalence of anemia among women in this region. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 118 women (15-49 years) was performed in a rural colonia (small settlement) in Baja California, Mexico in 2012. Participants completed a survey comprised of demographic, socioeconomic, health, and dietary questions and provided a capillary blood sample...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164448/measuring-nutrition-literacy-in-spanish-speaking-latinos-an-exploratory-validation-study
#11
Heather D Gibbs, Juliana M T B Camargo, Sarah Owens, Byron Gajewski, Ana Paula Cupertino
Nutrition is important for preventing and treating chronic diseases highly prevalent among Latinos, yet no tool exists for measuring nutrition literacy among Spanish speakers. This study aimed to adapt the validated Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument for Spanish-speaking Latinos. This study was developed in two phases: adaptation and validity testing. Adaptation included translation, expert item content review, and interviews with Spanish speakers. For validity testing, 51 participants completed the Short Assessment of Health Literacy-Spanish (SAHL-S), the Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument in Spanish (NLit-S), and socio-demographic questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149269/effects-of-a-healthy-eater-self-schema-and-nutrition-literacy-on-healthy-eating-behaviors-among-taiwanese-college-students
#12
Chia-Kuei Lee, Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai, Li-Chun Chang
Unhealthy eating behaviors contribute to obesity and chronic illness. This study examined the relative contributions of a healthy-eater self-schema (a self-conception as a healthy eater) and nutrition literacy on healthy-eating behaviors and whether nutrition literacy was a mediator among Taiwanese college students. A total of 1216 undergraduate students from six universities in Taiwan participated in the study from April to June 2016. Healthy-eating behaviors, nutrition literacy, healthy-eater self-schema and known determinants of eating behaviors (e...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128031/development-of-a-menu-board-literacy-and-self-efficacy-scale-for-children
#13
Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann Quinn, Mildred Ramirez, Vanessa Sawyer, Joseph P Eimicke, Jeanne A Teresi
OBJECTIVE: An instrument to measure menu board literacy (MBL) was developed to capture children's understanding of menu board nutrition information, including abbreviations, serving sizes and calorie ranges, and self-efficacy for using this information. METHODS: A list of 55 potential items (47 MBL and 8 self-efficacy) was generated. Content validity was established by 29 registered dietitians. Cognitive interviews were conducted with 24 black and Hispanic fourth- and fifth-grade students to assess comprehension and readability...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063419/understanding-cultural-influences-on-dietary-habits-in-asian-middle-eastern-and-latino-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-current-literature-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Natalie Mora, Sherita Hill Golden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on evaluating and identifying gaps in the current literature regarding culturally specific dietary influences for patients with type 2 diabetes. As this topic has previously been examined in African American populations, we chose to focus on four other distinct populations (Hispanic, Middle Eastern, Western Pacific, South Asian). Given the rapid increase in global rates of type 2 diabetes and high rates of diabetes among certain ethnic groups, it is important to understand how culturally adapted strategies in diabetes management have been described in different regions and populations...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056159/should-we-recommend-renal-diet-related-apps-to-our-patients-an-evaluation-of-the-quality-and-health-literacy-demand-of-renal-diet-related-mobile-applications
#15
Kelly Lambert, Judy Mullan, Kylie Mansfield, Paris Owen
OBJECTIVE: Mobile phone applications (apps) are increasingly being used by patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to describe the main purpose of commonly available renal diet apps and to quantify the accuracy of information, technical quality, and health literacy demand of renal diet apps. DESIGN: The design was content analysis. All eligible renal diet apps in the Australian Apple App Store, Google Play, Windows Phone, and Blackberry App World were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957033/us-consumers-understanding-of-nutrition-labels-in-2013-the-importance-of-health-literacy
#16
Alexander Persoskie, Erin Hennessy, Wendy L Nelson
INTRODUCTION: We examined US adults' understanding of a Nutrition Facts panel (NFP), which requires health literacy (ie, prose, document, and quantitative literacy skills), and the association between label understanding and dietary behavior. METHODS: Data were from the Health Information National Trends Survey, a nationally representative survey of health information seeking among US adults (N = 3,185) conducted from September 6, 2013, through December 30, 2013...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955418/a-qualitative-study-of-health-education-experiences-and-self-management-practices-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-at-malamulo-adventist-hospital-in-thyolo-district-malawi
#17
Temidayo Ogunrinu, Thelma Gamboa-Maldonado, R Ndinda Ngewa, Jasmine Saunders, Jamie Crounse, James Misiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions and experiences of health education and self-management practices on Malamulo Adventist Hospital type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In this qualitative study, key informant interviews (KIIs; n=4) and focus group discussions (3 FGDs; n=16) were conducted amongst type 2 diabetes patients who had been treated at Malamulo Adventist Hospital in southern Malawi at least once. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated for analysis...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902480/the-ontario-food-and-nutrition-strategy-identifying-indicators-of-food-access-and-food-literacy-for-early-monitoring-of-the-food-environment
#18
Beatrice A Boucher, Elizabeth Manafò, Meaghan R Boddy, Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott
INTRODUCTION: To address challenges Canadians face within their food environments, a comprehensive, multistakeholder, intergovernmental approach to policy development is essential. Food environment indicators are needed to assess population status and change. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy (OFNS) integrates the food, agriculture and nutrition sectors, and aims to improve the health of Ontarians through actions that promote healthy food systems and environments. This report describes the process of identifying indicators for 11 OFNS action areas in two strategic directions (SDs): Healthy Food Access, and Food Literacy and Skills...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#19
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890794/engaging-experts-and-patients-to-refine-the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument
#20
Heather D Gibbs, Susan Harvey, Sarah Owens, Diane Boyle, Debra K Sullivan
BACKGROUND: An objective measure of nutrition literacy is unavailable for use in the primary care population. The Nutrition Literacy Assessment instrument (NLit) is a tool designed to measure nutrition literacy across six domains and has been previously piloted in breast cancer and parent populations. The purpose of this research was to engage nutrition experts and patients to guide revisions of the NLit for use in adult primary care. METHODS: Experts (n=5) reviewed each item in the NLit using a survey to assign rankings of their agreement according to relevance, clarity, and reading difficulty...
2017: BMC Nutrition
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