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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535143/intercultural-communication-through-the-eyes-of-patients-experiences-and-preferences
#1
Emma Paternotte, Sandra van Dulmen, Lindsay Bank, Conny Seeleman, Albert Scherpbier, Fedde Scheele
Objectives: To explore patients' preferences and experiences regarding intercultural communication which could influence the development of intercultural patient-centred communication training. Methods: This qualitative study is based on interviews with non-native patients. Thirty non-native patients were interviewed between September and December 2015 about their preferences and experiences regarding communication with a native Dutch doctor. Fourteen interviews were established with an interpreter...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532204/management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-era-of-effective-over-the-counter-treatments
#2
Warner W Carr, Barbara P Yawn
Allergic rhinitis (AR) may be regarded as a trivial issue unworthy of the doctor's time, and with the availability of many different over-the-counter (OTC) treatments, up to two thirds of patients self-manage AR before seeking medical care. Yet, AR can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life and is associated with a greater detriment to work productivity than other chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. For many patients, the impact on quality of life is greater than suggested by reported symptoms and should also be a focus of treatment...
May 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530773/efficiency-of-instant-messaging-applications-in-coordination-of-emergency-calls-for-combat-injuries-a-pilot-study
#3
Sami Eksert, Mehmet Burak Aşık, Sinan Akay, Kenan Keklikçi, Fevzi Nuri Aydın, Mehmet Çoban, Ali Kantemir, Onur Güngör, Beyazıt Garip, Mustafa Suphi Turgut, Kenan Olcay
BACKGROUND: Coordination of an emergency response team is an important determinant of prompt treatment for combat injuries in hospitals. The authors hypothesized that instant messaging applications for smartphones could be appropriate tools for notifying emergency response team members. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of a commercial instant messaging application (WhatsApp, Mountain View, CA) as a communication tool for the emergency team in a level-I trauma center...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529529/disclosure-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-and-its-associated-factors-to-medical-doctor-in-primary-care-clinics-in-kuching-division-sarawak-malaysia
#4
Anak Kelak Johny, Whye Lian Cheah, Safii Razitasham
The decision by the patients to disclose traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) use to their doctor is an important area to be explored. This study aimed to determine the disclosure of TCM use and its associated factors to medical doctor among primary care clinic attendees in Kuching Division, Sarawak. It was a cross-sectional study using questionnaire, interviewer administered questionnaire. A total of 1130 patients were screened with 80.2% reporting using TCM. Logistic regression analysis revealed that being female (AOR = 3...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523211/survey-on-usage-of-medical-referral-information-in-japanese-physicians
#5
Hiroshi Watanabe, Michio Kimura, Kazuhiko Ohe
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this survey was to explore physicians' opinions to identify an adequate time range for clinical information to be provided with a referral that would help minimize wasteful retesting. METHODS: In 2011, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 193 physicians. Examining the degree of utilization of provided medical information, we determined the range of clinical information of referral documents. RESULTS: Less than three months of prescription history and blood sample test results in patient referral was most frequent...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#6
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521082/training-doctors-briefly-and-in-situ-to-involve-their-patients-in-making-medical-decisions-preliminary-testing-of-a-newly-developed-module
#7
Jürgen Kasper, Katrin Liethmann, Christoph Heesen, Daniel R Reissmann, Friedemann Geiger
OBJECTIVE: To carry out preliminary evaluation of a training module for doctors to enhance their ability to involve their patients in medical decision making. The training refers to the shared decision-making (SDM) communication concept. METHODS: The training module includes a comprehensive manual, a corresponding video tutorial with communication examples and a 15-minute face-to-face feedback session based on an SDM analysis of a consultation recording provided by the trainee...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520820/association-between-features-of-patient-provider-discussions-and-routine-prostate-specific-antigen-testing
#8
Joshua M Liao, Mark J Ommerborn, Cheryl R Clark
INTRODUCTION: Although the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine prostate cancer screening with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, specialty organizations support screening via shared decision making between providers and selected patients. While discussions about advantages and disadvantages of testing are a feature of patient-centered care, it is unclear how provider recommendations and the presence of a personal doctor influence testing in the presence of such discussions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508808/digital-media-for-primary-health-care-in-austria
#9
Johannes Kriegel, Linda Tuttle-Weidinger, Luise Reckwitz
Primary health care (PHC) is currently being improved in all developed industries. The aim is to make healthcare more patient-centered and close to the patient's place of residence. In addition to the organizational and interdisciplinary reorientation, the use of digital media is increasingly being emphasized. Through literature research and an online survey among Austrian doctors and general practitioners, the current and future challenges for the use of digital media in networked and regional primary health care were identified and prioritized...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506783/the-professional-status-of-infectious-disease-physicians-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Chenlu Zhang, Sujuan Li, Jinru Ji, Ping Shen, Chaoqun Ying, Lanjuan Li, Yonghong Xiao
OBJECTIVES: The evolution of infectious diseases (IDs) poses a challenge to many ID physicians, who must either adapt or transition to another career track. This national cross-sectional study assessed the current working conditions and problems faced by ID professionals in China. METHODS: A national questionnaire survey of ID physicians and their facilities throughout China was performed in May- June 2016 using stratified random sampling. RESULTS: A total of 156/300 (52...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506244/early-eeg-for-outcome-prediction-of-postanoxic-coma-prospective-cohort-study-with-cost-minimization-analysis
#11
Lotte Sondag, Barry J Ruijter, Marleen C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, Albertus Beishuizen, Frank H Bosch, Janine A van Til, Michel J A M van Putten, Jeannette Hofmeijer
BACKGROUND: We recently showed that electroencephalography (EEG) patterns within the first 24 hours robustly contribute to multimodal prediction of poor or good neurological outcome of comatose patients after cardiac arrest. Here, we confirm these results and present a cost-minimization analysis. Early prognosis contributes to communication between doctors and family, and may prevent inappropriate treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 430 subsequent comatose patients after cardiac arrest was conducted at intensive care units of two teaching hospitals...
May 15, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504787/medical-humanities-some-uses-and-problems
#12
R Downie
The arts and humanities were allowed into the British medical curriculum in 1993 when the General Medical Council re-structured it in a paper entitled 'Tomorrow's Doctors'. Since then many medical schools have developed humanities modules and the broad term 'medical humanities' refers to these. They can contribute to medical education in at least three ways: as a supplement to what is already in the curriculum, especially for ethics and communication; as an outside critique of medical practice; and to personal and professional development...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497209/pharmacists-perspectives-of-the-current-status-of-pediatric-asthma-management-in-the-u-s-community-pharmacy-setting
#13
Amanda Elaro, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Kathleen Kraus, Karen B Farris, Smita Shah, Carol Armour, Minal R Patel
Objective To explore community pharmacists' continuing education, counseling and communication practices, attitudes and barriers in relation to pediatric asthma management. Setting Community pharmacies in Michigan, United States. Methods Between July and September 2015 a convenience sample of community pharmacists was recruited from southeastern Michigan and asked to complete a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire elucidated information on 4 general domains relating to pharmacists' pediatric asthma management including: (1) guidelines and continuing education (CE); (2) counseling and medicines; (3) communication and self-management practices; (4) attitudes and barriers to practice...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494477/new-zealand-plastic-surgeons-life-time-contribution-to-peer-reviewed-literature
#14
Tess Brian, Brandon Adams
AIM: The New Zealand Medical Association commits the New Zealand doctor to evidence-based medicine, scholarship, teaching, collaboration and communication. To assess this commitment, one measure, contribution to the peer-reviewed literature, was examined for one group of New Zealand doctors: plastic surgeons. METHOD: Plastic surgeons with a current practising certificate were identified on the New Zealand medical register (April 2016). Scopus database was searched for publications by each...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492707/the-strangest-of-all-encounters-racial-and-ethnic-discrimination-in-us-health-care
#15
Sherman A James
In 2003, a Committee of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences summarized hundreds of studies documenting that US racial minorities, especially African Americans, receive poorer quality health care for a wide variety of conditions than their White counterparts. These racial differences in health care persist after controlling for sociodemographic factors and patients' ability to pay for care. The Committee concluded that physicians' unconscious negative stereotypes of African Americans, and perhaps other people of color, likely contribute to these health care disparities...
May 8, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490426/health-care-needs-and-use-of-health-care-services-among-newly-arrived-syrian-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anna Oda, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Michaela Hynie, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Canada welcomed 33 723 Syrian refugees between November 2015 and November 2016. This paper reports the results of a rapid assessment of health care needs and use of health care services among newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Toronto among Syrian refugees aged 18 years or more who had been in Canada for 12 months or less. Participants were recruited initially through distribution of flyers in hotels and through direct referrals and communication with community and settlement agency partners, and then through snowball sampling...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488353/effectiveness-of-a-shared-team-approach-between-nurses-and-doctors-for-improved-risk-factor-management-in-survivors-of-stroke-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
M T Olaiya, J Kim, M R Nelson, V K Srikanth, C F Bladin, R P Gerraty, S M Fitzgerald, T Phan, J Frayne, D A Cadilhac, A G Thrift
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited evidence exists on the benefits of organized care for improving risk factor control in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack. The effectiveness of an individualized management programme in reducing absolute cardiovascular disease risk in this high-risk population was determined. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial with blinded assessment of outcomes and intention-to-treat analysis...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487305/a-rohingya-refugee-s-journey-in-australia-and-the-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare
#18
Manasi Jiwrajka, Ahmad Mahmoud, Maneeta Uppal
Australia's processing of some asylum seekers on offshore detention centres has recently been brought to light by human rights organisation. While the internal politics of resettling refugees may be complex, Australia remains in the top five countries for resettlement per capita. However, these refugees remain a vulnerable patient population after immigrating. Refugee women, an understudied group, in particular experience higher adverse health outcomes.In this case report, we follow the medical journey of KB, a 38-year-old Rohingya refugee diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus-the crux of all her health issues...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484666/hearing-and-balance-disorders-in-the-state-of-hawai-i-demographics-and-demand-for-services
#19
Mohsin Ahmed M Shaikh, James W Hall, Cindy McManus, Henry L Lew
Hearing and balance disorders affect people of all ages. Among children, hearing loss affects speech and language development, academic performance, and psychosocial development. Hearing loss in adults negatively impacts work productivity, cognitive function, and psychosocial status. Prevalence of hearing loss in children in Hawai'i is higher than the national average. Research indicates that hearing loss is a prevalent condition among veterans and advanced age adults. This is of particular concern in Hawai'i as the state is home to many military training facilities and has a large elderly population...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483824/patients-preferences-for-gp-consultation-for-perceived-cancer-risk-in-primary-care-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#20
Katriina L Whitaker, Alex Ghanouni, Yin Zhou, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Stephen Morris
BACKGROUND: Contacting a doctor for advice when experiencing a potential cancer symptom is an important step in early diagnosis, but barriers to consultation are commonly reported. Understanding barriers to consulting in primary care within the cancer context provides opportunities to improve earlier diagnosis of cancer AIM: To investigate patients' GP consultation preferences when presented with a potential cancer symptom, and to describe whether these preferences are mediated by variable levels of cancer risk...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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