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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791767/increased-body-size-along-urbanization-gradients-at-both-community-and-intraspecific-level-in-macro-moths
#2
Thomas Merckx, Aurélien Kaiser, Hans Van Dyck
Urbanization involves a cocktail of human-induced rapid environmental changes and is forecasted to gain further importance. Urban-heat-island effects result in increased metabolic costs expected to drive shifts towards smaller body sizes. However, urban environments are also characterized by strong habitat fragmentation, often selecting for dispersal phenotypes. Here, we investigate to what extent, and at which spatial scale(s), urbanization drives body size shifts in macro-moths-an insect group characterized by positive size-dispersal links-at both the community and intraspecific level...
May 23, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790645/fibrinogen-prothrombin-time-derived-method-is-not-useful-in-patients-anticoagulated-with-low-molecular-weight-heparins-or-rivaroxaban
#3
C Duboscq, M Martinuzzo, J M Ceresetto, M Lopez, L Barrera, J Oyhamburu, G Stemmelin
BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen prothrombin time derived method (FIBPT-d) with photo-optical coagulometers is easy and economical. However, there are few reports on the behavior of this test on samples from patients anticoagulated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). OBJECTIVE: To compare fibrinogen results obtained by Clauss method (FIB C) and FIBPT-d with two thromboplastins in anticoagulated patients. POPULATION: 295 consecutive anticoagulated patients: 99 vitamin K antagonist (VKA), 49 unfractionated heparin (UFH), 47 LMWH, 50 rivaroxaban and 50 dabigatran; and 100 healthy controls (NC)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790375/trifecta-outcomes-in-multifocal-tumors-a-comparison-between-robotic-and-open-partial-nephrectomy
#4
Nitin Yerram, Julien Dagenais, Darren Bryk, Naveen Nandanan, Matthew Joseph Maurice, Pascal Mouracade, Önder Kara, Jihad Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To report a comparative analysis of outcomes in patients who underwent multiple excisions for unilateral, synchronous, multifocal renal tumors using both open and robotic approaches. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 patients who underwent robotic and open partial nephrectomy and had multiple tumor excisions in an ipsilateral kidney. "Trifecta" was defined as negative surgical margins, no urologic complications, and a GFR preservation of >90% at last follow-up...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788533/weight-bias-internalization-and-health-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
R L Pearl, R M Puhl
A robust literature has documented the negative health effects of being the target of weight bias. Weight bias internalization (WBI) occurs when individuals apply negative weight stereotypes to themselves and self-derogate because of their body weight. Compared with experiences of weight bias, less is known about the relationship between WBI and mental and physical health, although more literature on this topic has emerged in recent years. The current systematic review identified 74 studies assessing the relationship between WBI and health and interventions designed to reduce WBI and improve health...
May 22, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787700/predictors-of-excess-birth-weight-in-brazil-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Caroline Kroll, Lidiane F Schultz, Juliana Malinovski, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main predictors for excess birth weight in Brazilian children. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS. The research in the gray literature was performed using the Google Scholar database. The bias risk analysis was adapted from the Downs and Black scale, used to evaluate the methodology of the included studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: Using the classifications of fetal macrosomia (>4000g or ≥4000g) and large for gestational age (above the 90th percentile), 64 risk factors for excess birth weight were found in 33 scientific articles in the five regions of the country...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784894/self-reported-and-network-scale-up-estimates-of-substance-use-prevalence-among-university-students-in-kerman-iran
#7
Razieh Zahedi, Alireza Noroozi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Hamid Sharifi, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of substance use among university students measured by direct and indirect methods, and to calculate the visibility factor (VF) defined as ratio of indirect to direct estimates of substance use prevalence. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using a multistage non-random sampling approach, we recruited 2157 students from three universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2016. We collected data on substance use by individual face-to-face interview using direct (i...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784341/middle-distillates-hydrogen-content-via-gc%C3%A3-gc-fid
#8
Petr Vozka, Huaping Mo, Pavel Šimáček, Gozdem Kilaz
Liquid transportation fuels in the middle distillate range contain thousands of hydrocarbons making the predictions and calculations of properties from composition a challenging process. We present a new approach of hydrogen content determination by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC×GC-FID) using a weighted average method. GC×GC-FID hydrogen determination precision was excellent (0.005 wt% repeatability). The method accuracy was evaluated by high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, which is non-biased, measures the H signal directly and was independently validated by controls in the current study...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782398/benefit-and-harm-of-adding-epinephrine-to-a-local-anesthetic-for-neuraxial-and-locoregional-anesthesia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-trial-sequential-analyses
#9
Clément Tschopp, Martin R Tramèr, Alexis Schneider, Maroun Zaarour, Nadia Elia
BACKGROUND: This systematic review examines the benefit and harm of adding epinephrine to local anesthetics for epidural, intrathecal, or locoregional anesthesia. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to October 2017 for randomized trials comparing any local anesthetic regimen combined with epinephrine, with the same local anesthetic regimen without epinephrine, reporting on duration of analgesia, time to 2 segments regression, or any adverse effects. Trial quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and a random-effects model was used...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779817/resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-accuracy-of-available-prediction-formulae-and-development-of-a-population-specific-formula
#10
Francesca Penagini, Barbara Borsani, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Mameli, Dario Dilillo, Giulia Ramponi, Francesco Motta, Giorgio Bedogni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Energy requirements are difficult to estimate in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Resting energy expenditure (REE), necessary for personalized nutritional intervention, is most commonly estimated using prediction formulae because the reference method, i.e. indirect calorimetry (IC), is not available in all Nutrition Units. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the most commonly used REE prediction formulae in children with CP. The secondary aim was to develop a new population-specific formula for the estimation of REE in children with CP...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779424/current-evidence-on-the-effects-of-intensive-early-reading-interventions
#11
Jeanne Wanzek, Elizabeth A Stevens, Kelly J Williams, Nancy Scammacca, Sharon Vaughn, Katherine Sargent
Many students at risk for or identified with reading disabilities need intensive reading interventions. This meta-analysis provides an update to the Wanzek and Vaughn synthesis on intensive early reading interventions. Effects from 25 reading intervention studies are analyzed to examine the overall effect of intensive early reading interventions as well as relationships between intervention and student characteristics related to outcomes. The weighted mean effect size (ES) estimate (ES = 0.39), with a mean effect size adjusted for publication bias (ES = 0...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777881/single-incision-laparoscopic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Boye Dong, Zuyang Luo, Jiabao Lu, Yang Yang, Yixian Song, Jie Cao, Wanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread attention because of its potential benefits such as less skin incision and faster recovery. Up to now, only one meta-analysis (performed in 2013; including 9 studies, a total of 585 cases) compared single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy (SILRC) with conventional laparoscopic right colectomy (CLRC). An updated meta-analysis was undertaken to explore more convinced comparative findings between SILRC and CLRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies that compared SILRC with CLRC was done on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776919/behaviour-modification-interventions-to-optimise-red-blood-cell-transfusion-practices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Lesley J J Soril, Thomas W Noseworthy, Laura E Dowsett, Katherine Memedovich, Hannah M Holitzki, Diane L Lorenzetti, Henry Thomas Stelfox, David A Zygun, Fiona M Clement
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of behaviour modification interventions to promote restrictive red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practices. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS: Seven electronic databases were searched to January 2018. Published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or non-randomised studies examining an intervention to modify healthcare providers' RBC transfusion practice in any healthcare setting were included...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774462/combining-gfr-estimates-from-cystatin-c-and-creatinine-what-is-the-optimal-mix
#14
Emil den Bakker, Reinoud Gemke, Joanna A E van Wijk, Isabelle Hubeek, Birgit Stoffel-Wagner, Arend Bökenkamp
BACKGROUND: Combining estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equations based on creatinine and cystatin C has been shown to improve the accuracy of GFR estimation. This study aims to optimize this strategy for height-independent GFR estimation in children. METHODS: Retrospective study of 408 inulin clearance tests with simultaneous International Federation of Clinical Chemistry-calibrated measurements of creatinine, cystatin C, and urea in children (mean age 12...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772405/a-transcriptomic-comparison-of-theca-and-granulosa-cells-in-chicken-and-cattle-follicles-reveals-esr2-as-a-potential-regulator-of-cyp19a1-expression-in-the-theca-cells-of-chicken-follicles
#15
Ruoxi Jing, Lantao Gu, Jinqiu Li, Yanzhang Gong
Previous studies have shown that theca and granulosa cell layers in follicles do not play the same roles in mammals and birds, especially regarding the synthesis of estrogen. The functions of these two cell types have been well characterized in cattle, but they remain unclear in chickens. To clarify this issue, a comparison of small yellow follicles (SYFs) in chickens and cattle at different follicular development stages was done by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). The modules obtained from WGCNA were used for further identification of the key genes associated with CYP19A1 expression...
April 28, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771543/making-stronger-causal-inferences-accounting-for-selection-bias-in-associations-between-high-performance-work-systems-leadership-and-employee-and-customer-satisfaction
#16
Joseph A Schmidt, Dionne M Pohler
We develop competing hypotheses about the relationship between high performance work systems (HPWS) with employee and customer satisfaction. Drawing on 8 years of employee and customer survey data from a financial services firm, we used a recently developed empirical technique-covariate balanced propensity score (CBPS) weighting-to examine if the proposed relationships between HPWS and satisfaction outcomes can be explained by reverse causality, selection effects, or commonly omitted variables such as leadership behavior...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771150/assessment-of-multiple-membership-multilevel-models-an-application-to-interviewer-effects-on-nonresponse
#17
Gabriele B Durrant, Rebecca Vassallo, Peter W F Smith
Multilevel multiple membership models account for situations where lower level units are nested within multiple higher level units from the same classification. Not accounting correctly for such multiple membership structures leads to biased results. The use of a multiple membership model requires selection of weights reflecting the hypothesized contribution of each level two unit and their relationship to the level one outcome. The Deviance Information Criterion (DIC) has been proposed to identify such weights...
May 17, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766824/adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies-on-preclinical-evidence
#18
Fatima Saleh, Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasing global health problem, but its treatment is not yet optimal, especially in the long term. For this reason, preclinical studies have been conducted relating to a new therapeutic strategy for obesity based on adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs). The aim of our systematic review is to summarize these findings deriving from the animal model in order to establish whether there is sufficient evidence to justify going forward to clinical studies...
May 15, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765231/low-circulating-total-adiponectin-especially-its-non-high-molecular-weight-fraction-represents-a-promising-risk-factor-for-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
Weiqun Lu, Zhiliang Huang, Nan Li, Haiying Liu
Aim: The principal goal of this meta-analysis is to test the hypothesis that circulating total adiponectin or certain fractions may represent a promising biological candidate in modulating the risk of colorectal cancer. Methods: The processes of paper identification, paper selection and data extraction were accomplished independently by two authors. Effect-size estimates were expressed as weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). A total of 31 papers including 48 qualified studies (7,554 patients with colorectal cancer and 9,798 controls) were meta-analyzed...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762315/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-on-the-psychological-health-and-emotional-well-being-of-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-following-residential-care-placement-a-systematic-review
#20
Deborah Brooks, Elaine Fielding, Elizabeth Beattie, Helen Edwards, Sonia Hines
OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise and synthesize existing evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on the psychological health and emotional well-being of family carers of people with dementia who have moved into residential care. INTRODUCTION: Many carers experience stress, guilt, grief and depression following placement of a relative with dementia into residential care. Psychosocial interventions to support family carers may help to improve psychological health and emotional well-being; however, evidence for such interventions delivered to family carers following placement has yet to be appraised and synthesized...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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