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Attribution theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225121/the-local-electronic-properties-of-individual-pt-atoms-adsorbed-on-tio2-110-studied-by-kelvin-probe-force-microscopy-and-first-principles-simulations
#1
Ayhan Yurtsever, Delia Fernández-Torre, Jo Onoda, Masayuki Abe, Seizo Morita, Yoshiaki Sugimoto, Rubén Pérez
Noble metal nanostructures dispersed on metal oxide surfaces have applications in diverse areas such as catalysis, chemical sensing, and energy harvesting. Their reactivity, chemical selectivity, stability, and light absorption properties are controlled by the interactions at the metal/oxide interface. Single-atom metal adsorbates on the rutile TiO2(110)-(1 × 1) surface have become a paradigmatic model to characterize those interactions and to understand the unique electronic properties of these supported nanostructures...
February 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223075/gender-perspective-on-the-factors-predicting-recycling-behavior-implications-from-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Ceren Oztekin, Gaye Teksöz, Savas Pamuk, Elvan Sahin, Dilek Sultan Kilic
This study aimed to assess the role of some socio-psychological attributes in explaining recycling behavior of Turkish university community from a gender perspective within the context of the theory of planned behavior with an additional variable (past experience). The recycling behavior of whole sample, females and males, has been examined in 3 sessions -depending on the arguments that explain gendered pattern of private and public environmental behavior and sticking to the fact why females' stronger environmental values, beliefs, and attitudes do not translate consistently into greater engagement in public behavior...
February 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220629/binding-of-hydroxylated-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-with-human-serum-albumin-spectroscopic-characterization-and-molecular-modeling
#3
Lulu Yang, Wu Yang, Zhiwei Wu, Zhongsheng Yi
Three hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs), 3-OH-BDE-47, 5-OH-BDE-47, and 6-OH-BDE-47, were selected to investigate the interactions between OH-PBDEs with human serum albumin (HSA) under physiological conditions. The observed fluorescence quenching can be attributed to the formation of complexes between HSA and OH-PBDEs. The thermodynamic parameters at different temperatures indicate that the binding was caused by hydrophobic forces and hydrogen bonds. Molecular modeling and three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum showed conformational and microenvironmental changes in HSA...
February 21, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220543/the-beneficial-attributes-of-visual-art-making-in-cancer-care-an%C3%A2-integrative-review
#4
G Ennis, M Kirshbaum, N Waheed
We seek to understand what is known about the use of visual art-making for people who have a cancer diagnosis, and to explore how art-making may help address fatigue in the cancer care context. Art-making involves creating art or craft alone or in a group and does not require an art-therapist as the emphasis is on creativity rather than an overt therapeutic intention. An integrative review was undertaken of qualitative, quantitative and mixed-method studies on art-making for people who have cancer, at any stage of treatment or recovery...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219423/predictors-of-dieting-and-non-dieting-approaches-among-adults-living-in-australia
#5
Stuart Leske, Esben Strodl, Xiang-Yu Hou
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research comparing why dieting and non-dieting approaches are adopted. A greater understanding of reasons underlying dieting and non-dieting attempts will help to identify target beliefs for interventions to support and motivate adults to attempt whatever approach they are willing and/or able to pursue. We investigated the predictors of dieting and non-dieting approaches in Australian adults using predictors that were identified in a previous qualitative study...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219035/conceptualizing-agency-folkpsychological-and-folkcommunicative-perspectives-on-plants
#6
Bethany L Ojalehto, Douglas L Medin, Salino G García
The present research addresses cultural variation in concepts of agency. Across two experiments, we investigate how Indigenous Ngöbe of Panama and US college students interpret and make inferences about nonhuman agency, focusing on plants as a critical test case. In Experiment 1, participants predicted goal-directed actions for plants and other nonhuman kinds and judged their capacities for intentional agency. Goal-directed action is pervasive among living kinds and as such we expected cultural agreement on these predictions...
February 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212674/proportion-of-dementia-in-australia-explained-by-common-modifiable-risk-factors
#7
Kimberly Ashby-Mitchell, Richard Burns, Jonathan Shaw, Kaarin J Anstey
BACKGROUND: At present, dementia has no known cure. Interventions to delay onset and reduce prevalence of the disease are therefore focused on risk factor reduction. Previous population attributable risk estimates for western countries may have been underestimated as a result of the relatively low rates of midlife obesity and the lower weighting given to that variable in statistical models. METHODS: Levin's Attributable Risk which assumes independence of risk factors was used to calculate the proportion of dementia attributable to seven modifiable risk factors (midlife obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, low educational attainment, diabetes mellitus, midlife hypertension and depression) in Australia...
February 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211901/graphene-oxide-demonstrates-experimental-confirmation-of-abraham-pressure-on-solid-surface
#8
Anirban Kundu, Renu Rani, Kiran S Hazra
The century-old controversy over two contradicting theories on radiation pressure of light proposed by Abraham and Minkowski can come to an end if there is a direct method to measure the surface deformation of the target material due to momentum transfer of photons. Here we have investigated the effect of radiation pressure on the surface morphology of Graphene Oxide (GO) film, experienced due to low power focused laser irradiation. In-depth investigation has been carried out to probe the bending of the GO surface due to radiation pressure by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and subsequently the uniaxial strain induced on the GO film has been probed by Raman Spectroscopy...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208316/bistable-director-alignments-of-nematic-liquid-crystals-confined-in-frustrated-substrates
#9
Takeaki Araki, Jumpei Nagura
We studied in-plane bistable alignments of nematic liquid crystals confined by two frustrated surfaces by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the Lebwohl-Lasher spin model. The surfaces are prepared with orientational checkerboard patterns, on which the director field is locally anchored to be planar yet orthogonal between the neighboring blocks. We found the director field in the bulk tends to be aligned along the diagonal axes of the checkerboard pattern, as reported experimentally [J.-H. Kim et al., Appl...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207172/drivers-of-redistribution-of-fishing-and-non-fishing-effort-after-the-implementation-of-a-marine-protected-area-network
#10
Reniel B Cabral, Steven D Gaines, Brett A Johnson, Tom W Bell, Crow White
Marine spatial planning (MSP) is increasingly utilized to sustainably manage ocean uses. Marine protected areas (MPAs), a form of spatial management in which parts of the ocean are regulated to fishing, are now a common tool in MSP for conserving marine biodiversity and managing fisheries. However, the use of MPAs in MSP often neglects, or simplifies, the redistribution of fishing and non-fishing activities inside and outside of MPAs following their implementation. This redistribution of effort can have important implications for effective MSP...
October 3, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203676/selective-separation-of-americium-from-europium-using-2-9-bis-triazine-1-10-phenanthrolines-in-ionic-liquids-a-new-twist-on-an-old-story
#11
Neil J Williams, Jérémy Dehaudt, Vyacheslav S Bryantsev, Huimin Luo, Carter W Abney, Sheng Dai
Bis-triazine phenanthrolines have shown great promise for f-block metal separations, attributable to their highly preorganized structure, nitrogen donors, and more enhanced covalent bonding with actinides over lanthanides. However, their limited solubility in traditional solvents remains a technological bottleneck. Herein we report our recent work using a simple 2,9-bis(triazine)-1,10-phenanthroline (Me-BTPhen) dissolved in an ionic liquid (IL), demonstrating the efficacy of IL extraction systems for the selective separation of americium from europium, achieving separation factors in excess of 7500 and selectively removing up to 99% of the americium...
February 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202233/practice-makes-perfect-a-systematic-review-of-the-expertise-development-of-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
REVIEW
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex and error-prone task that demands expertise. McLellan et al.'s theory of expertise development model ("the model"), developed to assess medical literature on prescribing by medical students, proposes that in order to develop, individuals should deliberately engage their knowledge, skills and attitudes within a social context. Its applicability to independent prescribers (IP) is unknown. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether the model is applicable to non-medical independent prescribing and to assess the factors underpinning expertise development reported in the literature...
February 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197984/quantifying-bacterial-attachment-and-detachment-using-leaching-solutions-of-various-ionic-strengths-after-bacterial-pulse
#13
Nag-Choul Choi, Jae-Woo Choi, Kyu-Sang Kwon, Sang-Gil Lee, Soonjae Lee
In this study, we quantified the attachment and detachment of bacteria during transport in order to elucidate the contributions of reversible attachment on bacterial breakthrough curves. The first set of breakthrough experiment was performed for a laboratory sand column using leaching solutions of deionized water and mineral salt medium (MSM) of 200 mM with reference to KCl solution by employing Pseudomonas putida as a model bacterium. In the second set of experiment, the ionic strengths of leaching solutions immediately after bacterial pulse were lowered to tenfold and 100-fold diluted system (2 and 20 mM MSM) to focus on the influence of physicochemical factor...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196915/proper-accounting-for-surface-area-to-solution-volume-ratios-in-exaggerated-extractions
#14
Dennis Jenke, Barrett Rabinow
When drug products contact plastic manufacturing components, packaging systems and/or delivery devices, leachables from the plastics can accumulate in the drug product, potentially affecting its key quality attributes. Given practical issues associated with screening drug products for leachables, potential leachables are frequently surfaced as extractables revealed in extraction studies. To facilitate extractables discovery and identification and to shorten extraction times, extraction studies can be exaggerated and/or accelerated...
February 14, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195480/on-the-dimerization-of-carboxylic-acids-an-equation-of-state-approach
#15
Ioannis Tsivintzelis, Georgios M Kontogeorgis, Costas Panayiotou
The association term of the Non-Random Hydrogen-Bonding theory, which is an equation of state model, is extended to describe the dimerization of carboxylic acids in binary mixtures with inert solvents and in systems of two different acids. Subsequently, the model is applied to describe the excess enthalpies and the vapor-liquid equilibrium of relevant binary mixtures containing low molecular weight organic acids. The model sheds light on the interplay of intermolecular interactions through the calculation of the various contributions to the mixing enthalpies, namely from hydrogen bonding and non-hydrogen bonding (dipolar, induced polar or dispersive) interactions...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194329/understanding-breast-cancer-the-long-and-winding-road
#16
REVIEW
Kiven Erique Lukong
BACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable increase in the depth of our understanding and management of breast cancer in the past 50 years, the disease is still a major public health problem worldwide and poses significant challenges. The palpability of breast tumors has facilitated diagnosis and documentation since ancient times. The earliest descriptions of breast cancer date back to around 3500 BCE. For centuries to follow, theories by Hippocrates (460 BCE) and Galen (200 CE), attributing the cause of breast cancer to an "excess of black bile" and treatment options including the use of opium and castor oil, prevailed...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190350/kinetics-of-wetting-and-spreading-of-droplets-over-various-substrates
#17
Omid Arjmandi Tash, Nina M Kovalchuk, Anna Trybala, Igor V Kuchin, Victor Starov
There is a substantial increase in the number of publications in the field of wetting and spreading since 2010. This increase in the rate of publications can be attributed to the broader application of wetting phenomena in different new areas. It is impossible to review such huge number of publications, that is, some topics in the field of wetting and spreading are selected to be discussed below. These topics are as follows: (i) hysteresis of contact angle on smooth homogeneous solid surfaces via disjoining/conjoining pressure...
February 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190333/identifying-and-visualizing-the-edge-terminations-of-single-layer-mose2-island-epitaxially-grown-on-au-111
#18
Jianchen Lu, De-Liang Bao, Kai Qian, Shuai Zhang, Hui Chen, Xiao Lin, Shi-Xuan Du, Hong-Jun Gao
Recently, single-layer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have drawn significant attention due to their remarkable physical properties in the monolayer as well as at the edges. Here, we constructed high-quality, single-layer MoSe2 islands on the Au(111) surfaces in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). All the islands have hexagonal or triangular shapes with two kinds of well-defined edges. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) curves show notable differences in positive sample bias for the two types of edges...
February 11, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186915/a-novel-variable-precision-reduction-approach-to-comprehensive-knowledge-systems
#19
Chao Yang, Hongbo Liu, Sean McLoone, C L Philip Chen, Xindong Wu
A comprehensive knowledge system reveals the intangible insights hidden in an information system by integrating information from multiple data sources in a synthetical manner. In this paper, we present a variable precision reduction theory, underpinned by two new concepts: 1) distribution tables and 2) genealogical binary trees. Sufficient and necessary conditions to extract comprehensive knowledge from a given information system are also presented and proven. A complete variable precision reduction algorithm is proposed, in which we introduce four important strategies, namely, distribution table abstracting, attribute rank dynamic updating, hierarchical binary classifying, and genealogical tree pruning...
February 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186071/complex-clinical-communication-practices-how-do-information-receivers-assimilate-and-act-upon-information-for-patient-care
#20
Ming Chao Wong, Kwang Chien Yee, Paul Turner
Improving clinical communication is imperative to improving the quality and safety of patient care. Significant efforts have been made to improve clinical communication and patient safety, guided by the mantra of "the right information, to the right person, in the right place, at the right time". The design and implementation of information communication technologies (ICTs) has been considered as one of the major developments in improving patient care. Clinical communication in today's clinical practice is complex and involves multi-disciplinary teams using different types of media for information transfer...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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