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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144551/the-impact-of-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury-on-persistent-motoneuron-axotomy
#1
Benjamin T Corona, Kate E Flanagan, Christian M Brininger, Stephen M Goldman, Jarrod A Call, Sarah M Greising
INTRODUCTION: Volumetric muscle loss (VML) occurs following significant traumatic injury or surgical removal of skeletal muscle, resulting in non-recoverable loss of tissue and long-term dysfunction. Perhaps less recognized is that VML injuries inherently disrupt the neuromuscular unit, resulting in fiber denervation and presumptive motor unit rearrangement, expansion, and/or loss. To characterize neural dysfunction we quantified motoneuron axotomy, in efforts to understand how this relates to the temporal coordination of neuromuscular and morphological alterations due to injury...
November 16, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143901/combined-vertebral-augmentation-and-radiofrequency-ablation-in-the-management-of-spinal-metastases-an-update
#2
REVIEW
Ning Mao Kam, Julian Maingard, Hong Kuan Kok, Dinesh Ranatunga, Duncan Brooks, William C Torreggiani, Peter L Munk, Michael J Lee, Ronil V Chandra, Hamed Asadi
Spinal metastases are the most commonly encountered tumour of the spine, occurring in up to 40% of patients with cancer. Each year, approximately 5% of cancer patients will develop spinal metastases. This number is expected to increase as the life expectancy of cancer patients increases. Patients with spinal metastases experience severe and frequently debilitating pain, which often decreases their remaining quality of life. With a median survival of less than 1 year, the goals of treatment in spinal metastases are reducing pain, improving or maintaining level of function and providing mechanical stability...
November 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143089/surgical-treatment-of-gastro-pulmonary-fistula-following-bariatric-surgery-possible-and-safe
#3
Alon Ben Nun, David Simansky, Merav Rokah, Nona Zeitlin, Nir Golan, Ramez Abu Khalil, Michalle Soudack
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a common surgical management of morbid obesity. Major complication rate is 3-8%. Staple line leak is one of the most serious complications. In a small group of patients, a gastro-pulmonary fistula is formed. Endoscopic and minimally invasive measures are the first line of treatment with considerable success rate. There are very poor data in the literature what should be done in cases of failure. In this paper, we report our positive experience with definitive surgical repair...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142837/preoperative-management-in-patients-with-graves-disease
#4
REVIEW
Eliana Piantanida
Graves' disease is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism in iodine-sufficient geographical areas and is characterized by the presence in patients' serum of autoantibodies directed against the thyrotropin receptor (TRAb) that cause overproduction and release of thyroid hormones. Clinical presentation results from both hyperthyroidism and underlying autoimmunity. The diagnosis is based on characteristic clinical features and biochemical abnormalities. If serum thyrotropin (TSH) is low, serum free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) concentrations should be measured to distinguish between subclinical (with normal circulating thyroid hormones) and overt hyperthyroidism (with increased circulating thyroid hormones)...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142816/unilateral-pulmonary-edema-in-a-patient-with-worsening-tricuspid-valve-regurgitation-a-secret-inside-pulmonary-veins
#5
Elvira Resciniti, Ilaria Caso, Iside Scarfò, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Giovanni La Canna
We present the case of a 69-year-old patient who was referred to the Department of Echocardiography for surgical treatment of severe tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) with advanced congestive heart failure. In 2013 the patient underwent unsuccessful percutaneous ablation for permanent atrial fibrillation. In 2015, following numerous episodes of atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure with left pleural effusion, the patient was admitted to another center. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe TVR and moderate precapillary pulmonary hypertension, confirmed at right cardiac catheterization...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141926/ectopic-acth-syndrome-complicated-by-multiple-opportunistic-infections-treated-with-percutaneous-ablation-of-the-adrenal-glands
#6
Chrystal Chan, James Mark Roberts
Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-related Cushing's syndrome can lead to multiple complications including severe immunosuppression. If the ACTH-secreting tumour cannot be found, definitive treatment is surgical adrenalectomy, typically followed by glucocorticoid replacement. Here, we present a case of fulminant respiratory failure secondary to coinfection with Pneumocystis jirovecii and cytomegalovirus in a patient with ectopic ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome with occult primary. Due to significant deconditioning, she was unable to undergo definitive adrenalectomy and instead underwent percutaneous microwave ablation of the adrenal glands...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139364/advanced-management-of-severe-keloids
#7
REVIEW
Thomas Hagele, Hoka Nyanda, Nishit Patel, Nicole Russell, George Cohen, Christopher Nelson
Keloids negatively impact the health and quality of life of many affected dermatologic patients. Treating keloids is often difficult, and suboptimal responses are frequent. Fortunately, there are many treatment options available to the clinician that may lead to improved clinical outcomes. We present a review of currently available therapeutic options. Intralesional steroid injection remains the first-line treatment for keloids. Imiquimod, direct interferon therapy, or intralesional 5-flurouracil may alleviate the need for excessive corticosteroid therapy...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138937/effects-of-propofol-sedation-on-pacing-thresholds-results-from-an-observational-cohort-study
#8
Jakob Lüker, Arian Sultan, Tobias Plenge, Samuel Lee, Jan-Hendrik van den Bruck, Daniel Steven
BACKGROUND: Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous anaesthetic drugs for surgical procedures. The use of propofol for sedation is also common practice during endoscopic procedures, electrophysiology studies, and ablation procedures, as well as pacemaker and defibrillator implantation. It was found that propofol alters the electrophysiologic properties of the heart and its conduction system. The effects of propofol on pacing thresholds are unknown and could have implications for pacemaker (PM) and defibrillator (ICD) implantation procedures, as well as sedation and anaesthesia in PM and ICD patients in general...
November 14, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138144/successful-minimally-invasive-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-call-to-do-better
#9
EDITORIAL
Anson M Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138143/minimally-invasive-stand-alone-cox-maze-procedure-for-persistent-and-long-standing-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-perioperative-safety-and-5-year-outcomes
#10
Niv Ad, Sari D Holmes, Ted Friehling
BACKGROUND: Rhythm control is challenging in patients with extended atrial fibrillation (AF) duration and persistent/long-standing persistent AF. Among surgical approaches to treat AF, the Cox maze procedure performed using alternative energy sources remains superior to other beating heart techniques. We examined permanence of safety and success for the on-pump, minimally invasive, stand-alone Cox maze procedure 5 years after surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Stand-alone, right 5 cm minithoracotomy, Cox maze III/IV procedure for nonparoxysmal AF was conducted in 133 patients (mean follow-up=65±34 months)...
November 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136964/does-surgical-resection-provide-better-outcomes-than-radiofrequency-ablation-in-patients-with-bclc-very-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Chuan Li, Tian-Fu Wen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135665/cryoablation-of-bone-metastases-from-renal-cell-carcinoma-for-local-tumor-control
#12
Carly S Gardner, Joe E Ensor, Kamran Ahrar, Steven Y Huang, Sharjeel H Sabir, Nizar M Tannir, Valerae O Lewis, Alda L Tam
BACKGROUND: Patients with bone metastases from renal cell carcinoma often are not surgical candidates and have a poor prognosis. There are limited data on the use of cryoablation as a locoregional therapy for bone metastases. Our objective was to assess the local tumor-control rate following cryoablation of bone metastases in the setting of renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who underwent cryoablation for bone metastases between 2007 and 2014...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132931/hybrid-surgical-versus-percutaneous-access-epicardial-ventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#13
Anthony Li, Justin Hayase, Duc Do, Eric Buch, Marmar Vaseghi, Olujimi A Ajijola, Carlos Macias, Yuliya Krokhaleva, Houman Khakpour, Noel G Boyle, Peyman Benharash, Reshma Biniwale, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Jason S Bradfield
BACKGROUND: There is limited experience of surgical epicardial access in the contemporary era of ventricular tachycardia ablation after prior cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe our institutional experience with surgical epicardial access, the influence of surgical approach and compare outcomes to a propensity-matched percutaneous epicardial access control group. METHODS: A retrospective study of consecutive surgical epicardial VT ablation cases from a single center was performed...
November 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132830/characterizing-recurrent-and-lethal-small-renal-masses-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-using-recurrent-somatic-mutations
#14
Brandon J Manley, Ed Reznik, Mazyar Ghanaat, Mahyar Kashan, Maria F Becerra, Jozefina Casuscelli, Daniel Tennenbaum, Almedina Redzematovic, Maria I Carlo, Yusuke Sato, Maria Arcila, Martin H Voss, Darren R Feldman, Robert J Motzer, Paul Russo, Jonathan Coleman, James J Hsieh, Ari A Hakimi
INTRODUCTION: Small renal masses (SRMs) with evidence of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are understudied. Current algorithms for the management of SRMs include surgical resection, ablation, and active surveillance. We sought to identify genomic biomarkers that could potentially refine the management of ccRCC in SRMs, especially in patients being evaluated for active surveillance. METHODS: We identified patients who had SRMs (4cm or less) at time of surgery, had sequencing performed on their primary tumor and had a diagnosis of ccRCC...
November 10, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132801/robotic-stereotactic-treatment-for-malignant-metastasis-of-solid-tumour-in-the-pancreas-a-multiple-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
M Loi, A Magallon-Baro, C Papalazarou, M Milder, J J Nuyttens
Metastatic involvement of the pancreas occurs in 5% of patients affected by advanced malignancies. Surgical resection has been reported by number of authors as a valuable option to improve disease control, in particular in patients with limited disease burden and favourable histotypes; however, the benefit of this procedure has been questioned due to patient selection, technical challenges and relevant risk of perioperative mortality and severe complications. In the present study, a cohort of surgically unfit patients affected by a solitary metastasis in the pancreas from various primary tumours received stereotactic radiotherapy with an ablative dose schedule, obtaining promising local and distant disease progression-free delay with minor toxicity...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131765/comprehensive-cross-sectional-imaging-of-the-pulmonary-veins
#16
Cameron Hassani, Farhood Saremi
The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, but their importance to the radiologist extends far beyond this seemingly straightforward function. The anatomy of the pulmonary veins is variable among patients, with several noteworthy variant and anomalous patterns, including supernumerary pulmonary veins, a common ostium, anomalous pulmonary venous return, and levoatriocardinal veins. Differences in pulmonary vein anatomy and the presence of variant or anomalous anatomy can be of critical importance, especially for preoperative planning of pulmonary and cardiac surgery...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127767/marine-lenhart-syndrome-in-two-adolescents-including-one-with-thyroid-cancer-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Animesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of functional thyroid nodules and Graves' disease (GD) is a rare condition known as Marine-Lenhart syndrome. Thyroid cancer has been described in several adults, but never in children, with Marine-Lenhart syndrome. This paper discusses the challenges in diagnosis and the unique management of this condition in children, in the context of extant literature. CONTENT: In this case report, two adolescent female patients with Marine-Lenhart syndrome, aged 15 and 16 years, exhibited biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism, and were found to have unilateral hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules via thyroid scintigraphy...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126815/analysis-of-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-penile-cancer-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
William G Simpson, Zachary Klaassen, Rita P Jen, William M Hughes, Durwood E Neal, Martha K Terris
The treatment for penile cancer has been shown to cause harmful psychiatric symptoms as well as have detrimental effects on well-being. In the past several years, alternatives to total or partial penectomy have emerged, such as chemotherapy, radiation, penile sparing, and laser ablation therapies. A more specific breakdown for penile cancer is in order as the therapy has the potential for life changing surgery. We examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2013), comprising 28% of the United States population...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124894/combined-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-radiofrequency-ablation-in-single-session-for-solitary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-larger-than-7%C3%A2-cm
#19
Jie-Yu Yan, Jin-Long Zhang, Mao-Qiang Wang, Kai Yuan, Yan-Hua Bai, Yan Wang, Hai-Nan Xin, Zhi-Jun Wang, Feng-Yong Liu, Feng Duan, Jin-Xin Fu
AIMS: To evaluate technical feasibility and treatment results of combined transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in single-session for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) larger than 7 cm in diameter. METHODS: Institutional review board approved this retrospective study. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Between June 2007 and July 2013, 87 patients (75 men, 12 women; mean age, 55.5 years ± 15...
November 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124365/change-in-reimbursement-and-costs-in-german-oncological-head-and-neck-surgery-over-the-last-decade-ablative-tongue-cancer-surgery-and-reconstruction-with-split-thickness-skin-graft-vs-microvascular-radial-forearm-flap
#20
Sebastian Hoefert, Oliver Lotter
OBJECTIVES: Defects after ablative tongue cancer surgery can be reconstructed by split-thickness skin grafts or free microvascular flaps. The different surgical options may influence costs, reimbursement, and therefore possible profits. Our goal was to analyze the development of these parameters for different procedures in head and neck reconstruction in Germany over the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After tumor resection and neck dissection of tongue cancer, three different scenarios were chosen to calculate costs, reimbursement, length of stay (LoS), and profits...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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