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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925707/natural-mineral-bottled-waters-available-on-the-polish-market-as-a-source-of-minerals-for-the-consumers-part-2-the-intake-of-sodium-and-potassium
#1
Anna Gątarska, Joanna Ciborska, Elżbieta Tońska
Background: Natural mineral waters are purchased and consumed according to consumer preferences and possible recommendations. The choice of appropriate water should take into account not only the general level of mineralization but also the content of individual components, including electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Sodium is necessary to ensure the proper physiological functions of the body. It is defined as a health risk factor only when its excessive intake occurs. Potassium acts antagonistically towards sodium and calcium ions, contributes to a reduction of the volume of extracellular fluids and at the same time reduces muscle tension and permeability of cell membranes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924616/the-prevalence-of-primary-headache-disorders-in-ethiopia
#2
Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology of primary headache disorders in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains very limited. We performed a population-based survey in rural and urban areas of Ethiopia, using methods similar to those of an earlier study in Zambia and tested in multiple other countries by Lifting The Burden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey we visited households unannounced in four regions of Ethiopia: the mostly urban populations in Addis Ababa and its environs and rural populations of selected districts in Oromia, Amhara and South Nations Nationalities and People's Regions States (SNNPRS)...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924570/quantifying-tensile-force-and-erk-phosphorylation-on-actin-stress-fibers
#3
Hiroaki Hirata, Mukund Gupta, Sri Ram Krishna Vedula, Chwee Teck Lim, Benoit Ladoux, Masahiro Sokabe
ERK associates with the actin cytoskeleton, and the actin-associated pool of ERK can be activated (phosphorylated in the activation loop) to induce specific cell responses. Increasing evidence has shown that mechanical conditions of cells significantly affect ERK activation. In particular, tension developed in the actin cytoskeleton has been implicated as a critical mechanism driving ERK signaling. However, a quantitative study of the relationship between actin tension and ERK phosphorylation is missing. In this chapter, we describe our novel methods to quantify tensile force and ERK phosphorylation on individual actin stress fibers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#4
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924310/tunable-oleo-furan-surfactants-by-acylation-of-renewable-furans
#5
Dae Sung Park, Kristeen E Joseph, Maura Koehle, Christoph Krumm, Limin Ren, Jonathan N Damen, Meera H Shete, Han Seung Lee, Xiaobing Zuo, Byeongdu Lee, Wei Fan, Dionisios G Vlachos, Raul F Lobo, Michael Tsapatsis, Paul J Dauenhauer
An important advance in fluid surface control was the amphiphilic surfactant composed of coupled molecular structures (i.e., hydrophilic and hydrophobic) to reduce surface tension between two distinct fluid phases. However, implementation of simple surfactants has been hindered by the broad range of applications in water containing alkaline earth metals (i.e., hard water), which disrupt surfactant function and require extensive use of undesirable and expensive chelating additives. Here we show that sugar-derived furans can be linked with triglyceride-derived fatty acid chains via Friedel-Crafts acylation within single layer (SPP) zeolite catalysts...
November 23, 2016: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924200/effect-of-recruitment-maneuver-on-arterial-oxygenation-in-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-with-intraoperative-15-cmh2o-positive-end-expiratory-pressure
#6
Sowoon Ahn, Sung Hye Byun, Haeyoon Chang, Young Bin Koo, Jong Chan Kim
BACKGROUND: This randomized, controlled study was designed to compare the effects of recruitment maneuvers (RMs) with a 15 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the systemic oxygenation and lung compliance of patients with healthy lungs following robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing a RALP with an intraoperative 15 cmH2O PEEP were randomly allocated to an RM or a Control group. The patients in the RM group received a single RM through the application of a continuous positive airway pressure of 40 cmH2O for 40 s 15 min after being placed in the Trendelenburg position...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923711/characterization-of-na-transport-to-gain-insight-into-the-mechanism-of-acid-base-and-ion-regulation-in-white-sturgeon-acipenser-transmontanus
#7
Ryan B Shartau, Kevin V Brix, Colin J Brauner
Freshwater fish actively take up ions via specific transporters to counter diffusive losses to their hypotonic environment. While much is known about the specific mechanisms employed by teleosts, almost nothing is known about the basal fishes, such as white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) which may offer insight into the evolution of osmo- and ionoregulation in fishes. We investigated Na(+) uptake in juvenile white sturgeon in the presence and absence of transporter inhibitors. We found that sturgeon acclimated to 100μmol 1(-1) Na(+) have Na(+) uptake kinetics typical of teleosts and that a Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) is the predominant transporter for Na(+) uptake...
December 3, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923141/development-and-characterization-of-electrosprayed-alyssum-homolocarpum-seed-gum-nanoparticles-for-encapsulation-of-d-limonene
#8
Khadije Khoshakhlagh, Arash Koocheki, Mohebbat Mohebbi, Alireza Allafchian
In this study, the feasibility of developing Alyssum homolocarpum seed gum (AHSG) nanocapsules containing d-limonene by electrospraying has been investigated. d-limonene emulsions with constant AHSG (0.5% w/w) and various flavor concentrations (10-30% based on gum weight) with 0.1% Tween 20 were electrosprayed at 20kV and 0.1ml/h of flow rate. The effects of key parameters of emulsions (rheological properties, droplet size, surface tension and electrical conductivity) on the morphology of structures have been studied...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923121/basal-cell-extracellular-matrix-adhesion-regulates-force-transmission-during-tissue-morphogenesis
#9
Katharine Goodwin, Stephanie J Ellis, Emily Lostchuck, Teresa Zulueta-Coarasa, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalez, Guy Tanentzapf
Tissue morphogenesis requires force-generating mechanisms to organize cells into complex structures. Although many such mechanisms have been characterized, we know little about how forces are integrated across developing tissues. We provide evidence that integrin-mediated cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion modulates the transmission of apically generated tension during dorsal closure (DC) in Drosophila. Integrin-containing adhesive structures resembling focal adhesions were identified on the basal surface of the amnioserosa (AS), an extraembryonic epithelium essential for DC...
December 5, 2016: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923098/navigating-ethical-tensions-in-high-value-care-education
#10
Matthew DeCamp, Kevin R Riggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#11
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922523/a-simple-and-effective-technique-for-anatomical-approximation-of-the-upper-pericardium-using-hemostatic-clips
#12
Mubassher Husain, Metesh Nalin Acharya, Ian Cummings, Shahzad Gull Raja
Closure of the pericardium is important to protect bypass grafts, the great vessels, and the heart from injury due to sternal dehiscence. Furthermore, it is reported to reduce the formation of pericardial adhesions and thus facilitate entry into the chest at resternotomy. We here describe a simple, reproducible, and effective technique for tension-free approximation of the upper pericardium by applying small hemostatic clips to the preserved thymic fascia overlying the pericardium.
December 2, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921309/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-induced-interleukin-33-expression-in-intestinal-epithelia-contributes-to-mucosal-homeostasis-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
M Sun, C He, W Wu, G Zhou, F Liu, Y Cong, Z Liu
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), an important barrier to gut microbiota, are subject to low oxygen tension, particularly during intestinal inflammation. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is expressed highly in the inflamed mucosa of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and functions as a key regulator in maintenance of intestinal homeostasis. However, how IEC-derived HIF-1α regulates intestinal immune responses in IBD is still not understood completely. We report here that the expression of HIF-1α and IL-33 was increased significantly in the inflamed mucosa of IBD patients as well as mice with colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921162/multicentre-randomized-trial-of-the-ajust%C3%A2-single-incision-sling-compared-to-the-align%C3%A2-transobturator-tape-sling
#14
Jordi Sabadell, Marta Palau-Gené, Eva Huguet, Anabel Montero-Armengol, Sabina Salicrú, Jose L Poza
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Tension-free suburethral tapes have become the first-line surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. Single-incision midurethral slings (SIMS) were introduced with the aim of offering similar efficacy with reduced morbidity, particularly postoperative pain. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and complications of the Ajust™ SIMS and the Align™ transobturator tape sling. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial with a noninferiority design...
December 5, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920724/insulin-induces-relaxation-and-decreases-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-vasoconstriction-in-human-placental-vascular-bed-in-a-mechanism-mediated-by-calcium-activated-potassium-channels-and-l-arginine-nitric-oxide-pathways
#15
Lissette Cabrera, Andrea Saavedra, Susana Rojas, Marcela Cid, Cristina Valenzuela, David Gallegos, Pamela Careaga, Emerita Basualto, Astrid Haensgen, Eduardo Peña, Coralia Rivas, Juan Carlos Vera, Victoria Gallardo, Leandro Zúñiga, Carlos Escudero, Luis Sobrevia, Mark Wareing, Marcelo González
HIGHLIGHTS Short-term incubation with insulin increases the L-arginine transport in HUVECs.Short-term incubation with insulin increases the NO synthesis in HUVECs.Insulin induces relaxation in human placental vascular bed.Insulin attenuates the constriction induced by hydrogen peroxide in human placenta.The relaxation induced by insulin is dependent on BKCa channels activity in human placenta. Insulin induces relaxation in umbilical veins, increasing the expression of human amino acid transporter 1 (hCAT-1) and nitric oxide synthesis (NO) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920575/an-individually-tailored-behavioral-medicine-treatment-in-physical-therapy-for-tension-type-headache-two-experimental-case-studies
#16
Anne Söderlund, Helena Lagerlöf
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of an individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy, based on a functional behavioral analysis (FBA), for tension-type headache (TTH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two case studies with A1-A2-B-A3 design of two patients with TTH was conducted. Outcome variables were headache frequency, headache index (mean intensity), consumption of analgesics, self-efficacy in headache management (Headache Management Self-efficacy Scale [HMSE]), disability, and perceived loss of happiness for activities with family and friends...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919618/electric-field-induced-suppression-of-pten-drives-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-mtorc1-activation
#17
Tiantian Yan, Xupin Jiang, Xiaowei Guo, Wen Chen, Di Tang, Junhui Zhang, Xingyue Zhang, Dongxia Zhang, Qiong Zhang, Jiezhi Jia, Yuesheng Huang
BACKGROUND: Naturally occurring electric fields (EFs) are an intrinsic property of wounds. Endogenous EFs in skin wounds play critical roles in the dynamic and well-ordered biological process of wound healing. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) allows keratinocytes to transition from sedentary cells to motile cells, facilitating wound healing. However, EMT-related studies have been performed without considering endogenous EFs. Thus, the relationship between electrical signals and the EMT remain elusive...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919251/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sensory-awareness-training-and-additional-motor-practice-for-learning-scalpel-skills-in-podiatry-students
#18
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919024/trigger-points-are-associated-with-widespread-pressure-pain-sensitivity-in-people-with-tension-type-headache
#19
María Palacios-Ceña, Kelun Wang, Matteo Castaldo, Amparo Guillem-Mesado, Carlos Ordás-Bandera, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between trigger points (TrPs) and widespread pressure pain sensitivity in people with tension-type headache (TTH) and to determine if this association is different between frequent episodic (FETTH) or chronic (CTTH) headache. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven individuals (29% male) with TTH participated. Clinical features of headache, i.e., intensity, duration, and frequency, were recorded in a headache diary...
November 14, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919021/a-lost-track-in-ichd-3-beta-a-comprehensive-review-on-osmophobia
#20
Giorgio Zanchin, Matteo Fuccaro, Pierantonio Battistella, Mario Ermani, Federico Mainardi, Ferdinando Maggioni
BACKGROUND: Osmophobia (Os) has been reported to be much more prevalent in migraine (M) than in other primary headaches, and its high specificity in the differential diagnosis between M and tension-type headache (TTH) has been reported. Os was included in the ICHD II Appendix as a diagnostic criterion of M. It disappeared in ICHD-3 beta. To understand this choice, we reviewed the literature after 2004. METHODS: This was a systematic review. We searched in PubMed, MEDLINE and Cochrane library for "osmophobia", "odour/odorphobia AND headache", "odour/odor hypersensitivity AND headache" and "olfactory hypersensitivity AND headache"...
November 14, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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