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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931584/use-of-a-super-child-approach-to-assess-the-vitamin-a-equivalence-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-develop-a-compartmental-model-for-vitamin-a-kinetics-and-estimate-vitamin-a-total-body-stores-in-young-mexican-children
#1
Veronica Lopez-Teros, Jennifer Lynn Ford, Michael H Green, Guangwen Tang, Michael A Grusak, Luis Quihui-Cota, Tawanda Muzhingi, Mariela Paz-Cassini, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Background: Worldwide, an estimated 250 million children <5 y old are vitamin A (VA) deficient. In Mexico, despite ongoing efforts to reduce VA deficiency, it remains an important public health problem; thus, food-based interventions that increase the availability and consumption of provitamin A-rich foods should be considered.Objective: The objectives were to assess the VA equivalence of (2)H-labeled Moringa oleifera (MO) leaves and to estimate both total body stores (TBS) of VA and plasma retinol kinetics in young Mexican children...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925291/isolation-of-a-novel-compound-mimo2-from-the-methanolic-extract-of-moringa-oleifera-leaves-protective-effects-against-vanadium-induced-cytotoxity
#2
Olumayowa O Igado, Jan Glaser, Mario Ramos-Tirado, Ezgi Eylül Bankoğlu, Foluso A Atiba, Ulrike Holzgrabe, Helga Stopper, James O Olopade
Moringa oleifera is reported to be a miracle plant, with positive effects on practically every system in the animal body. The methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves was fractionated using liquid-liquid fractionation, column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Bioassay guided fractionation using Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) was used to determine the fraction with the highest antioxidative power. Chemical structure was elucidated with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
September 19, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922365/isothiocyanate-enriched-moringa-seed-extract-alleviates-ulcerative-colitis-symptoms-in-mice
#3
Youjin Kim, Alex G Wu, Asha Jaja-Chimedza, Brittany L Graf, Carrie Waterman, Michael P Verzi, Ilya Raskin
Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) seed extract (MSE) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. We investigated the effects of MSE enriched in moringa isothiocyanate-1 (MIC-1), its putative bioactive, on ulcerative colitis (UC) and its anti-inflammatory/antioxidant mechanism likely mediated through Nrf2-signaling pathway. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced acute (n = 8/group; 3% DSS for 5 d) and chronic (n = 6/group; cyclic rotations of 2.5% DSS/water for 30 d) UC was induced in mice that were assigned to 4 experimental groups: healthy control (water/vehicle), disease control (DSS/vehicle), MSE treatment (DSS/MSE), or 5-aminosalicyic acid (5-ASA) treatment (positive control; DSS/5-ASA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884404/palatability-of-nine-fodders-species-used-by-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#4
Florence Mujinga Kampemba, Innocent Muamba Tshibangu, Nathan Utshudienyema Nyongombe, Jean-Luc Hornick
Nine fodders commonly offered to the guinea pigs by the breeders in Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of Congo) were compared for chemical composition and for both daily dry matter intake and palatability indices by using 13 three-month-old guinea pigs. Four different plant families were provided to each guinea pig, and each animal was exposed to all the experimental diets studied for 8 consecutive days. The fodder species were three grasses: Trypsacum laxum, Panicum maximum, and Pennisetum purpureum; three trees or bushes Moringa oleifera, Leucaena leucocephala, and Bauhinia variegata; and three flowering plants Bidens oligoflora, Bidens pilosa, and Commelina diffusa...
September 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870337/research-advances-on-the-multiple-uses-of-moringa-oleifera-a-sustainable-alternative-for-socially-neglected-population
#5
REVIEW
Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, Jamille Alencar Sales, Vandbergue Santos Pereira, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Célia Maria de Souza Sampaio, Manoel de Araújo Neto Paiva, João Bosco Feitosa Dos Santos, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha
Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) is a plant with high nutritional and medicinal value. Native to India, it is now widely distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Its different parts are sources of proteins, vitamins and minerals and present different pharmacological and biotechnological potential. Moreover, M. oleifera seeds are widely used in water and effluent treatment, for their coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation properties, their ability of improving water quality, by reducing organic matter and microbial load, with special applicability in intensive animal production systems, such as aquaculture...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855841/seed-viability-of-five-wild-saudi-arabian-species-by-germination-and-x-ray-tests
#6
B A Al-Hammad, B S Al-Ammari
Our objective was to evaluate the usefulness of the germination vs. the X-ray test in determining the initial viability of seeds of five wild species (Moringa peregrina, Abrus precatorius, Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Acacia ehrenbergiana and Acacia tortilis) from Saudi Arabia. Usually several days were required to determine the viability of all five species via germination tests. However, X-ray test will give immediate results on filled/viable seeds. Seeds of all species, except Acacia ehrenbergiana and Acacia tortilis showed high viability in both germination (96-72% at 25/15 °C, 94-70% at 35/25 °C) and X-ray (100-80%) test...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843248/moringa-oleifera-root-induces-cancer-apoptosis-more-effectively-than-leave-nanocomposites-and-its-free-counterpart
#7
Ahmed A Abd-Rabou, Aboelfetoh M Abdalla, Naglaa A Ali, Khairy MA Zoheir
Medicinal plants are important elements of indigenous medical system that have persisted in developing countries. Many of the botanical chemo-preventions currently used as potent anticancer agents. However, some important anticancer agents are still extracted from plants because they cannot be synthesized chemically on a commercial scale due to their complex structures that often contain several chiral centers. The aim of this study was to test different extracts from the Moringa oleifera leaves (ML), its PLGA-CS-PEG nanocomposites (MLn), as well as root core (Rc) and outer (Ro) parts for activity against hepatocarcinoma HepG2, breast MCF7, and colorectal HCT 116/ Caco-2 cells in vitro...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830411/impact-of-moringa-oleifera-lam-leaf-powder-supplementation-versus-nutritional-counseling-on-the-body-mass-index-and-immune-response-of-hiv-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-single-blind-randomized-control-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Koy Tshingani, Philippe Donnen, Henri Mukumbi, Pierre Duez, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet
BACKGROUND: To achieve effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes, adherence to an antiretroviral regimen and a good immunometabolic response are essential. Food insecurity can act as a real barrier to adherence to both of these factors. Many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) treated with ART in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are faced with nutritional challenges. A significant proportion are affected by under nutrition, which frequently leads to therapeutic failure...
August 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821146/evaluation-of-carboxymethyl-moringa-gum-as-nanometric-carrier
#9
Rimpy, Abhishek, Munish Ahuja
In the present study, carboxymethylation of Moringa oleifera gum was carried out by reacting with monochloroacetic acid. Modified gum was characterised employing Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Rheology study. The carboxymethyl modification of moringa gum was found to increase its degree of crystallinity, reduce viscosity and swelling, increase the surface roughness and render its more anionic. The interaction between carboxymethyl moringa gum and chitosan was optimised by 2-factor, 3-level central composite experimental design to prepare polyelectrolyte nanoparticle using ofloxacin, as a model drug...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808207/moringa-oleifera-based-diet-protects-against-nickel-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#10
Oluyomi Stephen Adeyemi, Cincin Sokolayemji Aroge, Musbau Adewumi Akanji
Multiple health-promoting effects have been attributed to the consumption of Moringa oleifera leaves, as part of diet without adequate scientific credence. This study evaluated the effect of M. oleifera-based diets on nickel (Ni) - induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Male rats assigned into six groups were given oral administration of 20 mg/kg body weight nickel sulfate in normal saline and either fed normal diet orM. oleifera-based diets for 21 days. All animals were sacrificed under anesthesia 24 hours after the last treatment...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804858/effect-of-feed-restriction-on-intake-of-moringa-oleifera-and-leucaena-leucocephala-and-growth-performance-of-rabbits
#11
R Santos-Ricalde, E Gutiérrez-Ruiz, W Novelo-Ucan, P Martinez-Romero, J Segura-Correa
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of feed restriction on intake of Moringa oleifera (MO) or Leucaena leucocephala (LL) and growth of rabbits. In experiment one, 45 rabbits (male and female) weighing 1.18 ± 0.15 kg were used. They were randomly distributed to three feed restriction treatments (20, 30, and 40%) with 15 rabbits each (9 females and 6 males) and they were offered M. oleifera (MO) ad libitum. In experiment two, 45 growing male rabbits weighing 0.63 ± 0.113 kg were used...
August 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792661/multi-effect-of-the-water-soluble-moringa-oleifera-lectin-against-serratia-marcescens-and-bacillus-sp-antibacterial-antibiofilm-and-anti-adhesive-properties
#12
M C Moura, D S Trentin, T H Napoleão, M Primon-Barros, A S Xavier, N P Carneiro, P M G Paiva, A J Macedo, L C B B Coelho
AIMS: To evaluate the antibiofilm potential of water-soluble Moringa oleifera seed lectin (WSMoL) on Serratia marcescens and Bacillus sp. METHODS AND RESULTS: WSMoL inhibited biofilm formation by S. marcescens at concentrations lower than 2·6 μg ml(-1) and impaired bacterial growth at higher concentrations, avoiding biofilm formation. For Bacillus sp., the lectin inhibited bacterial growth at all concentrations. The antibiofilm action of WSMoL is associated with damage to bacterial cells...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792522/biochemical-characterization-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-an-isothiocyanate-enriched-moringa-moringa-oleifera-seed-extract
#13
Asha Jaja-Chimedza, Brittany L Graf, Charlotte Simmler, Youjin Kim, Peter Kuhn, Guido F Pauli, Ilya Raskin
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant, used for centuries as food and traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to develop, validate and biochemically characterize an isothiocyanate-enriched moringa seed extract (MSE), and to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of MSE-containing moringa isothiocyanate-1 (MIC-1) with a curcuminoid-enriched turmeric extract (CTE), and a material further enriched in its primary phytochemical, curcumin (curcumin-enriched material; CEM). MSE was prepared by incubating ground moringa seeds with water to allow myrosinase-catalyzed enzymatic formation of bioactive MIC-1, the predominant isothiocyanate in moringa seeds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783066/utility-of-milk-coagulant-enzyme-of-moringa-oleifera-seed-in-cheese-production-from-soy-and-skim-milks
#14
María Alejandra Sánchez-Muñoz, Mónica Andrea Valdez-Solana, Claudia Avitia-Domínguez, Patricia Ramírez-Baca, María Guadalupe Candelas-Cadillo, Miguel Aguilera-Ortíz, Jorge Armando Meza-Velázquez, Alfredo Téllez-Valencia, Erick Sierra-Campos
In this study, the potential use of Moringa oleifera as a clotting agent of different types of milk (whole, skim, and soy milk) was investigated. M. oleifera seed extract showed high milk-clotting activity followed by flower extract. Specific clotting activity of seed extract was 200 times higher than that of flower extract. Seed extract is composed by four main protein bands (43.6, 32.2, 19.4, and 16.3 kDa). Caseinolytic activity assessed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and tyrosine quantification, showed a high extent of casein degradation using M...
August 5, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770224/thiocarbamates-from-moringa-oleifera-seeds-bioactive-against-virulent-and-multidrug-resistant-vibrio-species
#15
Renata Albuquerque Costa, Oscarina Viana de Sousa, Ernesto Hofer, Jair Mafezoli, Francisco Geraldo Barbosa, Regine Helena Silva Dos Fernandes Vieira
Prospect of antibacterial agents may provide an alternative therapy for diseases caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro bioactivity of Moringa oleifera seed extracts against 100 vibrios isolated from the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Ethanol extracts at low (MOS-E) and hot (MOS-ES) temperature are shown to be bioactive against 92% and 90% of the strains, respectively. The most efficient Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) levels of MOS-E and MOS-ES against a high percentage of strains were 32 µg mL(-1)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763961/impact-of-extraction-techniques-on-antioxidant-capacities-and-phytochemical-composition-of-polyphenol-rich-extracts
#16
Cecilia Castro-López, Janeth M Ventura-Sobrevilla, María D González-Hernández, Romeo Rojas, Juan A Ascacio-Valdés, Cristóbal N Aguilar, Guillermo C G Martínez-Ávila
In this work, impact of extraction methods (maceration, decoction, MAE, and UAE) on TPC, antioxidant activity, and the mass fraction of phenolics in several plant extracts (Punica granatum, Juglans regia, Moringa oleifera, and Cassia fistula) was investigated. The results showed that, despite the nature of matrix, the highest values of TPC in all samples were obtained by MAE as follows: PP (18.92±0.11), ML (15.19±0.11), HL (12.69±0.16), and WS (12.80±0.11) mg GAEg(-1) respectively, and exhibited potent antioxidant activity (from 0...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757420/effect-of-different-combinations-of-maltodextrin-gum-arabic-and-whey-protein-concentrate-on-the-encapsulation-behaviour-and-oxidative-stability-of-spray-dried-drumstick-moringa-oleifera-oil
#17
Monica Premi, H K Sharma
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of different combinations of carrier agents (Maltodextrin, gum arabic and whey protein concentrate) on the emulsion properties, encapsulation efficiency and oxidative stability of encapsulated drumstick oil powder (EDOP), produced by spray drying to increase its usage as an active ingredient. Feed emulsion characteristics were studied in terms of emulsion stability, droplet size, viscosity and surface charge. Obtained spray dried EDOP was characterized for physical and flow properties, microstructure and oxidative stability...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748080/formulation-and-nutritional-evaluation-of-a-healthy-vegetable-soup-powder-supplemented-with-soy-flour-mushroom-and-moringa-leaf
#18
Tasnim Farzana, Suman Mohajan, Trissa Saha, Md Nur Hossain, Md Zahurul Haque
The research study was conducted to develop a healthy vegetables soup powder supplemented with soy flour, mushroom, moringa leaf and compare its nutritional facts with locally available soup powders. Proximate analysis and sensory evaluation were done by standard method. In this study, moisture, ash, protein, fat, fiber, carbohydrate, and energy content were ranged from 2.83% to 5.46%, 9.39% to 16.48%, 6.92% to 16.05%, 4.22% to 6.39%, 0.22% to 1.61%, 58.81% to 75.41%, and 337.42 to 386.72 kcal/100 g, respectively...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748063/field-application-of-the-micro-biological-survey-method-for-the-assessment-of-the-microbiological-safety-of-different-water-sources-in-horn-of-africa-and-the-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-moringa-oleifera-in-drinking-water-purification
#19
Francesca Losito, Alyexandra Arienzo, Daniela Somma, Lorenza Murgia, Ottavia Stalio, Paolo Zuppi, Elisabetta Rossi, Giovanni Antonini
Water monitoring requires expensive instrumentations and skilled technicians. In developing Countries as Africa, the severe economic restrictions and lack of technology make water safety monitoring approaches applied in developed Countries, still not sustainable. The need to develop new methods that are suitable, affordable, and sustainable in the African context is urgent. The simple, economic and rapid Micro Biological Survey (MBS) method does not require an equipped laboratory nor special instruments and skilled technicians, but it can be very useful for routine water analysis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737681/nutrient-and-total-polyphenol-contents-of-dark-green-leafy-vegetables-and-estimation-of-their-iron-bioaccessibility-using-the-in-vitro-digestion-caco-2-cell-model
#20
Francis Kweku Amagloh, Richard Atinpoore Atuna, Richard McBride, Edward Ewing Carey, Tatiana Christides
Dark green leafy vegetables (DGLVs) are considered as important sources of iron and vitamin A. However, iron concentration may not indicate bioaccessibility. The objectives of this study were to compare the nutrient content and iron bioaccessibility of five sweet potato cultivars, including three orange-fleshed types, with other commonly consumed DGLVs in Ghana: cocoyam, corchorus, baobab, kenaf and moringa, using the in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model. Moringa had the highest numbers of iron absorption enhancers on an "as-would-be-eaten" basis, β-carotene (14169 μg/100 g; p < 0...
July 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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