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Pediatric nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097839/nutritional-assessment-of-a-population-with-a-history-of-childhood-craniopharyngioma-seen-at-hospital-prof-dr-juan-p-garrahan
#1
Carolina Caminiti, Carola Saure, Ilanit Bomer, Mercedes Brea, Javier González Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign malformations located between the pituitary and hypothalamus that may affect key hormone secretion for endocrine regulation and satiety modulation. Although this is a relatively benign disease, the combination of severe hypothalamic obesity and associated comorbidities results in a reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of patients after craniopharyngioma surgery. POPULATION AND METHODS: Patients younger than 21 years old at the time of the study who required craniopharyngioma surgery at Hospital de Pediatr...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096476/accuracy-of-oxygen-consumption-and-carbon-dioxide-elimination-measurements-in-2-breath-by-breath-devices
#2
Craig D Smallwood, John N Kheir, Brian K Walsh, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: Although accurate quantification of oxygen consumption (V̇O2 ) and carbon dioxide elimination (V̇CO2 ) provides important insights into a patient's nutritional and hemodynamic status, few devices exist to accurately measure these parameters in children. Therefore, we assessed the accuracy and agreement of 2 devices currently on the market using a pediatric in vitro model of gas exchange. METHODS: We utilized a Huszczuk simulation model, which simulates oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production using gas dilution, to examine the accuracy of two FDA-cleared respiratory modules (E-COVX and E-sCAiOVX-00)...
January 17, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096130/early-life-nutrition-and-neurodevelopment-use-of-the-piglet-as-a-translational-model
#3
REVIEW
Austin T Mudd, Ryan N Dilger
Optimal nutrition early in life is critical to ensure proper structural and functional development of infant organ systems. Although pediatric nutrition historically has emphasized research on the relation between nutrition, growth rates, and gastrointestinal maturation, efforts increasingly have focused on how nutrition influences neurodevelopment. The provision of human milk is considered the gold standard in pediatric nutrition; thus, there is interest in understanding how functional nutrients and bioactive components in milk may modulate developmental processes...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094121/mealtime-behavior-among-parents-and-their-young-children-with-food-allergy
#4
Linda Jones Herbert, Priya Mehta, Hemant Sharma
BACKGROUND: Food allergies are increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population. Balancing allergen avoidance with the promotion of healthy eating behaviors can be challenging for families. OBJECTIVE: To characterize mealtime behaviors among parents of young children with food allergy. METHODS: Seventy-four parents of young children with food allergies (≤7 years of age) completed measures of mealtime behavior, perceptions of food allergy risk and severity, pediatric parenting stress, and food allergy-related quality of life...
January 13, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090467/early-infant-feeding-practices-may-influence-the-onset-of-symptomatic-celiac-disease
#5
Shailja Vajpayee, Shiv Dayal Sharma, Rajkumar Gupta, Alok Goyal, Aakash Sharma
PURPOSE: To study whether breastfeeding and breastfeeding status during gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). In addition to study, whether the timing of gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of CD. METHODS: It was a hospital based observational study. Total 198 patients diagnosed with CD as per modified European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (2012) criteria, aged between 6 months to 6 years were included...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089618/24-hour-protein-arginine-and-citrulline-metabolism-in-fed-critically-ill-children-a-stable-isotope-tracer-study
#6
Carlijn T I de Betue, Xiomara C Garcia Casal, Dick A van Waardenburg, Stephen M Schexnayder, Koen F M Joosten, Nicolaas E P Deutz, Marielle P K J Engelen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The reference method to study protein and arginine metabolism in critically ill children is measuring plasma amino acid appearances with stable isotopes during a short (4-8 h) time period and extrapolate results to 24-h. However, 24-h measurements may be variable due to critical illness related factors and a circadian rhythm could be present. Since only short duration stable isotope studies in critically ill children have been conducted before, the aim of this study was to investigate 24-h appearance of specific amino acids representing protein and arginine metabolism, with stable isotope techniques in continuously fed critically ill children...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#7
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
January 11, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078576/feeding-problems-and-nutrient-intake-in-children-with-and-without-autism-a-comparative-study
#8
Prahbhjot Malhi, Lolam Venkatesh, Bhavneet Bharti, Pratibha Singhi
OBJECTIVE: To compare parent reported feeding difficulties and nutritional adequacy of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to an age and socio-economically matched group of typically developing children. METHODS: The scores on Children's Eating Behavior Inventory (CEBI), three-day food records, anthropometric measures and adequacy of micro- and macro- nutrients were compared for 63 children diagnosed with ASD and 50 typically developing children enrolled from the department of pediatrics of a tertiary care teaching hospital from North India...
January 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#9
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
January 10, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071610/importance-of-nutrition-in-pediatric-oncology
#10
EDITORIAL
R Bhoite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068308/the-association-between-weight-height-and-head-circumference-reconsidered
#11
Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil, Michael Hermanussen
BACKGROUND: Under normal nutritional and health conditions, body height, weight and head circumference are significantly related. We hypothesize that the apparent general association between weight, height and head circumference of the growing child might be misleading. METHODS: We re-analyzed data of 7444 boys and 7375 girls measured in East-Germany between 1986 and 1990, aged from 0 to 7 years with measurements of body length/height, leg length, sitting height, biacromial shoulder breadth, thoracic breadth, thoracic depth, thoracic circumference, body weight, head volume, percentage of body fat, and hip skinfold vertical, using principal component analysis...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060690/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-experience-of-a-nephrology-and-renal-transplantation-pediatric-unit
#12
Sofia Deuchande, Tânia Mano, Cristina Novais, Rute Machado, Rosário Stone, Margarida Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal dialysis is the dialytic method of choice in chronic end-stage renal disease in children. This study main purpose was to characterize the long-term survival of a pediatric population who began peritoneal dialysis within the first two years of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study was performed in a portuguese nephrology and renal transplantation pediatric unit, between January 1991 and August 2014. End-stage renal disease etiology, mortality, comorbidities and complications of peritoneal dialysis and end-stage renal disease, growth and psychomotor development were evaluated...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058532/comparison-of-definitions-for-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#13
Tine Vanlancker, Emmily Schaubroeck, Krishna Vyncke, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Christina Breidenassel, Marcela González-Gross, Frederic Gottrand, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Denes Molnár, Yannis Manios, Marc J Gunter, Kurt Widhalm, Catherine Leclercq, Jean Dallongeville, Marcos Ascensión, Anthony Kafatos, Manuel J Castillo, Stefaan De Henauw, Francisco B Ortega, Inge Huybrechts
: Various definitions are used to define metabolic syndrome in adolescents. This study aimed to compare, in terms of prevalence and differences, five frequently used definitions for this population: International Diabetes Federation, National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP) modified by Cook, pediatric American Heart Association (AHA), World Health Organization, and Jolliffe and Janssen. A sample of 1004 adolescents (12.5-17.0 years) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study was considered...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052886/intestinal-rehabilitation-for-children-with-intestinal-failure-is-cost-effective-a-simulation-study
#14
Henk Groen, Esther G Neelis, Marten J Poley, Joanne F Olieman, René Scheenstra, Paul Fm Krabbe, Gerard Dijkstra, Edmond Hhm Rings
BACKGROUND: Children with intestinal failure (IF) depend on parenteral nutrition (PN). The goal in the treatment of IF is to wean children off PN through intestinal rehabilitation (IR). Although the healthcare burden of IF is enormous, to our knowledge there has been no previous cost-effectiveness analysis in pediatric IF including IR. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the cost-effectiveness of IR in terms of costs and life-years. DESIGN: We simulated the treatment of IF in children in a discrete-event model...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052602/optn-srtr-2015-annual-data-report-intestine
#15
J M Smith, M A Skeans, S P Horslen, E B Edwards, A M Harper, J J Snyder, A K Israni, B L Kasiske
Intestine and intestine-liver transplant remains important in the treatment of intestinal failure, despite decreased morbidity associated with parenteral nutrition. In 2015, 196 new patients were added to the intestine transplant waiting list, with equal numbers waiting for intestine and intestine-liver transplant. Among prevalent patients on the list at the end of 2015, 63.3% were waiting for an intestine transplant and 36.7% were waiting for an intestine-liver transplant. The pretransplant mortality rate decreased dramatically over time for all age groups...
January 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052307/ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-outcome-in-children-treated-in-a-multidisciplinary-intestinal-rehabilitation-unit
#16
Mariela Dore, Paloma Triana Junco, Ane Andres Moreno, Vanesa Nuñez Cerezo, Martha Romo Muñoz, Alba Sánchez Galán, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Gerardo Prieto, Esther Ramos, Francisco Hernandez, Leopoldo Martínez Martínez, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
Aim Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of intestinal failure (IF) in the pediatric population. Our aim was to review long-term outcome of ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) in an Intestinal Rehabilitation Unit (IRU). Patients and Methods Retrospective study of patients with USBS (defined as < 10 cm of remnant small bowel) treated between 2000 and 2015. Demographic data, clinical, and treatment variables including parenteral nutrition (PN), surgical techniques, and intestinal transplantation (IT) were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043487/the-difficulties-of-childhood-tuberculosis-diagnosis
#17
A M Djouahra, M Ifticene, D Yala, F Boulahbal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The WHO estimate that 8.8millions new cases of tuberculosis occurred in 2010, (between 8.5 and 9.2millions) linked to 1.45millions death cases. The load of children tuberculosis is estimated at 10-15 per cent of the total load. In 2014 more than one million children have developed the disease. The children just as adults are exposed to contract and develop the multi resistant forms of the tuberculosis, constituting a major issue for the disease control. The children less than 5years of age are the most exposed to present the most serious and more often deadly forms of the illness...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#18
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032565/surgical-site-infection-after-stoma-closure-in-children-outcomes-and-predictors
#19
Dani O Gonzalez, Erica Ambeba, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans, Benedict C Nwomeh
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a burdensome complication following intestinal stoma closure, with reported rates ranging from 0% to 40%. We aimed to identify risk factors for SSI in children undergoing stoma closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 2012-2014 NSQIP Pediatric data, we identified patients aged 0-18 years undergoing stoma closure. Demographic, clinical, and 30-day outcome characteristics between children with and without SSI were compared...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030482/pediatric-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease
#20
Jill C Israelite
Pediatric parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) is typically defined as a decrease in bile flow that is independent of a mechanical obstruction and of any other underlying liver disease. It is most often seen in pediatric patients receiving parenteral nutrition support. Up to 50% to 66% of children receiving long-term parenteral nutrition are reported to be diagnosed with PNALD. The goal of treatment for PNALD is advancement to full enteral nutrition and elimination of dependence on parenteral nutrition support...
January 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
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