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Heme inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805232/the-protective-effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-against-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-in-cholestatic-liver-injury-is-associated-with-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inhibition
#1
Lijing Zhang, Zhenling Zhang, Bojia Liu, Yanling Jin, Yan Tian, Yi Xin, Zhijun Duan
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is reported to protect against liver injury, but little is known about its effect on the intestinal barrier in cholestatic liver injury. In this study, we investigated the effects of HO-1 and its enzymatic by-product on intestinal barrier dysfunction in bile duct ligation (BDL) rats and explored the possible mechanism. The HO-1 inducer cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) and carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-2 (CORM-2) were used; the expression levels of tight junction (TJ) proteins, intestinal inflammation and NF-κB p65 were measured...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801265/fluoxetine-coupled-with-zinc-in-a-chronic-mild-stress-model-of-depression-providing-a-reservoir-for-optimum-zinc-signaling-and-neuronal-remodeling
#2
Nesreen Nabil Omar, Reham Fathy Tash
BACKGROUND: Recently, depression has been envisioned as more than an alteration in neurotransmitters centered around receptor signaling pathways. Consequently, the precise mechanisms of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant drugs such as fluoxetine are being revisited. Zinc is a trace element that has been long implicated in the psychopathology and therapy of depression. Zinc has been found to be sequestered and dispensed during stress and inflammation through a family of proteins called metallothioneins (MTs)...
August 8, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796886/macrophage-metabolism-in-atherosclerosis
#3
REVIEW
Gael F P Bories, Norbert Leitinger
A key aspect of atherosclerosis is the maladaptive inflammatory response to lipoprotein accumulation in the artery. The failure to decrease lipid accumulation, to clear apoptotic cells and to resolve inflammation ultimately leads to macrophage accumulation within the vascular wall(1,2,3,4) . Several subsets of macrophages are found inside atherosclerotic plaques(5,6,7) : Pro-inflammatory M1-like macrophages potentially participate in atherosclerosis initiation and progression; M2-like macrophages are thought to be protective due to their anti-inflammatory and profibrotic properties, presumably stabilizing the plaque(8,9;) Mox macrophages develop in response to oxidized phospholipids and present a glutathione- and potentially redox-regulating phenotype(10) ; Mhem macrophages are found in areas of plaque hemorrhage(11,12) where they are involved in heme clearance...
August 10, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791341/apocynin-protects-mesangial-cells-from-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-by-exerting-heme-oxygenase%C3%A2-1-mediated-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-suppression
#4
Nirmal Prasad Bhatt, Jin-Young Park, Hee Jae Lee, Sung-Soo Kim, Yong-Soo Kwon, Wanjoo Chun
Renal failure is observed in the pathological progression of sepsis and septic shock. Renal mesangial cells (RMCs) have been implicated in renal failure as a result of producing mediators, such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been demonstrated to mediate the LPS-induced inflammatory response in RMCs. Although previous studies indicated a promising effect of apocynin in various inflammatory conditions, its antiseptic efficacy in mesangial cells remains to be clearly determined...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780789/-the-study-of-using-salvianolate-treat-acute-lung-injury-in-rats-induced-by-paraquat
#5
Z W Wang, X X Li, X D Jian, Z C Zhang, B T Kan
Objective: To establish to paraquat poisoning acute lung injury animal model to study the therapeutic effect of Salvia polyphenols acid salt of paraquat-induced acute lung injury. Methods: Adult male Wister rats 120, were randomly divided into three groups: the paraquat exposure group, the start of the experiment to give a one-time 20% paraquat dope orally 50 mg/kg body weight of rats; salvianolate treatment group, the start of the experiment paraquat to give a one-time 20% the stock solution orally 50 mg/kg body weight of rats, and then given daily intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg body weight of rats salvianolate; blank control group was given the same amount normal saline...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780624/carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecule-2-inhibits-connexin-43-hemichannel-activity-in-spinal-cord-astrocytes-to-attenuate-neuropathic-pain
#6
Hui Wang, Xuejun Sun
Carbon monoxide-releasing molecule (CORM-2) acts as a carbon monoxide (CO) deliverer in a more controlled manner without altering carboxyhemoglobin level and exerts potential function in inhibiting inflammation and/or acute nociception. However, the regulatory mechanism of CORM-2 on spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic pain is not currently clear. Our study aims to investigate the role of CORM-2 in neuropathic pain and the underlying mechanism. We found that spinal cord astrocytes were dramatically activated on day 7 after SNL...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770475/h2s-confers-colonoprotection-against-tnbs-induced-colitis-by-ho-1-upregulation-in-rats
#7
Krisztina Kupai, Nikoletta Almási, Magdolna Kósa, János Nemcsók, Zsolt Murlasits, Szilvia Török, Amin Al-Awar, Zoltán Baráth, Anikó Pósa, Csaba Varga
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous mediator that contributes to many important physiological processes including vasodilation and vascular smooth muscle relaxation; in turn, preventing tissue damage and reducing inflammation. Heme oxygenase (HO) enzymes, of which HO-1 is inducible by harmful stimuli, were found to regulate intestinal inflammation in experimental animal models of colitis. We aimed to investigate the protective effects of H2S against 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in rats, and whether HO enzyme system is involved in the H2S-induced colonic cytoprotection...
August 2, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752032/potassium-2-l-hydroxypentyl-benzoate-attenuates-neuroinflammatory-responses-and-upregulates-heme-oxygenase-1-in-systemic-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-mice
#8
Chunyang Zhao, Weizhen Hou, Hui Lei, Longjian Huang, Shan Wang, Dandan Cui, Changhong Xing, Xiaoliang Wang, Ying Peng
A neuroinflammatory response is commonly involved in the progression of many neurodegenerative diseases. Potassium 2-(1-hydroxypentyl)-benzoate (PHPB), a novel neuroprotective compound, has shown promising effects in the treatment of ischemic stroke and Alzheimer׳s disease (AD). In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of PHPB were investigated in the plasma and brain of C57BL/6 mice administered a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Levels of iNOS and the cytokines TNFα, IL-1β and IL-10 were elevated in plasma, cerebral cortex and hippocampus after LPS injection and the number of microglia and astrocytes in cortex and hippocampus were increased...
July 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750561/renoprotective-mechanisms-of-astragaloside-iv-in-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Wei Yan, Yao Xu, Yanhong Yuan, Lei Tian, Qin Wang, Yuanyuan Xie, Xinghua Shao, Ming Zhang, Zhaohui Ni, Shan Mou
Nephrotoxicity remains a serious adverse effect of cisplatin chemotherapy, limiting its clinical usage. Numerous studies show that oxidative stress and inflammation are closely associated with cisplatin-induced renal damage. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) has been found to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammation functions. Therefore, we investigated the potential curative effects of AS-IV against cisplatin-induced renal injury and the possible cellular mechanism for activity, both in vitro and in vivo. We found that pretreatment of HK-2 cells with AS-IV could mitigate cisplatin-induced cell damage caused by oxygen free radicals and the inflammatory response, as evidenced by reduced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory cytokines...
July 28, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749412/multi-targeting-andrographolide-a-novel-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inhibitor-as-a-potential-therapeutic-agent-for-stroke
#10
REVIEW
Chih-Hao Yang, Ting-Lin Yen, Chia-Yuan Hsu, Philip-Aloysius Thomas, Joen-Rong Sheu, Thanasekaran Jayakumar
A key focus in the field of drug discovery has been motivated by the neuroprotection of natural compounds. Cerebral ischemia is a multifaceted pathological process with a series of mechanisms, and a perspective for the development of neuroprotectants from traditional herbal medicine or natural products is a promising treatment for this disease. Natural compounds with the effects of anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis, and neurofunctional regulation exhibit therapeutic effects on experimental ischemic brain injury...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740975/tyrosol-and-its-metabolites-as-antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-molecules-in-human-endothelial-cells
#11
Francisco J G Muriana, Sergio Montserrat-de la Paz, Ricardo Lucas, Beatriz Bermudez, Sara Jaramillo, Juan C Morales, Rocio Abia, Sergio Lopez
Tyrosol (Tyr) is a phenolic compound found in virgin olive oil. After ingestion, Tyr undergoes extensive first pass intestinal/hepatic metabolism. However, knowledge about the biological effects of Tyr metabolites is scarce. We chemically synthesized Tyr glucuronate (Tyr-GLU) and sulphate (Tyr-SUL) metabolites and explored their properties against oxidative stress and inflammation in TNF-α-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (hECs). Tyr and Tyr-SUL prevented the rise of reactive oxygen species, the depletion of glutathione, and the down-regulation of glutathione peroxidase 1, glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit, and heme oxygenase-1 genes...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738845/lutein-and-zeaxanthin-isomers-modulates-lipid-metabolism-and-the-inflammatory-state-of-retina-in-obesity-induced-high-fat-diet-rodent-model
#12
Mehmet Tuzcu, Cemal Orhan, Omer Ersin Muz, Nurhan Sahin, Vijaya Juturu, Kazım Sahin
BACKGROUND: Several studies associated high-fat intakes with a high incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Lutein and Zeaxanthin isomers (L/Zi) may counteract reactive oxygen species produced by oxidative stress. The present study was conducted to determine the possible effects of L/Zi administration on lipid profile, protein genes associated with oxidative stress and inflammation pathways in the obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in rodents. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups as follows: (i) Control, (ii) Control + L/Zi, (iii) High Fat Diet (HFD), and (iv) HFD+ L/Z...
July 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736552/asiatic-acid-exhibits-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-activities-against-lipopolysaccharide-and-d-galactosamine-induced-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#13
Hongming Lv, Zhimin Qi, Sisi Wang, Haihua Feng, Xuming Deng, Xinxin Ci
Inflammation and oxidative stress are essential for the pathogenesis of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). Asiatic acid (AA), which is a pentacyclic triterpene that widely occurs in various vegetables and fruits, has been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of AA against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and d-galactosamine (GalN)-induced FHF and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our findings suggested that AA treatment effectively protected against LPS/d-GalN-induced FHF by lessening the lethality; decreasing the alanine transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase levels, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α production, malondialdehyde formation, myeloperoxidase level and reactive oxygen species generation (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732803/-7-s-hydroxymatairesinol-protects-against-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-mediated-inflammation-response-in-endothelial-cells-by-blocking-the-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activating-nrf2-ho-1
#14
Di Yang, Chen-Xi Xiao, Zheng-Hua Su, Meng-Wei Huang, Ming Qin, Wei-Jun Wu, Wan-Wan Jia, Yi-Zhun Zhu, Jin-Feng Hu, Xin-Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Endothelial inflammation is an increasingly prevalent condition in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. (-)-7(S)-hydroxymatairesinol (7-HMR), a naturally occurring plant lignan, possesses both antioxidant and anti-cancer properties and therefore would be a good strategy to suppress tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-mediated inflammation in vascular endothelial cells (VECs). PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate for its anti-inflammatory effect on TNF-α-stimulated VECs and underling mechanisms...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730260/longer-survival-of-a-patient-with-glioblastoma-resected-with-5-aminolevulinic-acid-5-ala-guided-surgery-and-foreign-body-reaction-to-polyglycolic-acid-pga-suture
#15
Raluca Maria Munteanu, Lucian Eva, Bogdan IonuŢ DobrovăŢ, Alin Constantin Iordache, Liviu Pendefunda, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Doina Mihăilă, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu, Elena Şapte, Ion Poeată
In recent years, there is a growing evidence that using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-guided resection of a cerebral glioblastoma, associated with chemoradiotherapy determine a prolonged survival of these patients, even though this period do not exceed 15 months. 5-ALA is a natural biochemical precursor of heme that is metabolized to fluorescent porphyrins, particularly protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) and no foreign reaction were noted until now. However, foreign body reaction developing in neurosurgery is documented in a few number of cases to suture material, surgical hemostatic material, or surgical glove starch, but up to now we could not find any article about granulomatous inflammation to polyglycolic acid (PGA) suture after brain tumor resection...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722682/activation-of-the-nrf2-are-signaling-pathway-by-probucol-contributes-to-inhibiting-inflammation-and-neuronal-apoptosis-after-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Zipeng Zhou, Chang Liu, Shurui Chen, Haosen Zhao, Kang Zhou, Wei Wang, Yajiang Yuan, Zhuo Li, Yue Guo, Zhaoliang Shen, Xifan Mei
The nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway plays an essential role in the cellular antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses. Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in a massive release of inflammatory factors and free radicals, which seriously compromise nerve recovery and axon regeneration. In this study, we examined the efficacy of probucol on anti-inflammatory responses and functional recovery after SCI by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. We also investigated the mechanism by which inflammation is inhibited in this process...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716864/alpha1-antitrypsin-binds-hemin-and-prevents-oxidative-activation-of-human-neutrophils-putative-pathophysiological-significance
#17
Sabina Janciauskiene, Srinu Tumpara, Malgorzata Wiese, Sabine Wrenger, Vijith Vijayan, Faikah Gueler, Rongjun Chen, Kukuh Madyaningrana, Ravi Mahadeva, Tobias Welte, Stephan Immenschuh, Joanna Chorostowska-Wynimko
Heme is a ubiquitous compound of human tissues, and it is involved in cellular physiology and metabolism. Once released from the cell, free heme oxidizes to the ferric state (hemin). High levels of hemin can cause oxidative stress and inflammation if not neutralized immediately by specialized scavenger proteins. Human alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT), an acute-phase glycoprotein and important inhibitor of neutrophil proteases, is also a hemin-binding protein. A short-term exposure of freshly isolated human blood neutrophils to 4 µM hemin results in cell spreading, surface expression of filament protein, vimentin, free radical production, expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), release of IL-8, and enhanced neutrophil adhesion to human endothelial cells...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715873/subcritical-water-hydrolyzed-fish-collagen-ameliorates-survival-of-endotoxemic-mice-by-inhibiting-hmgb1-release-in-a-ho-1-dependent-manner
#18
Min Young Ahn, Jung Seok Hwang, Sun Ah Ham, Jinwoo Hur, Yeonji Jo, SangYoon Lee, Mi-Jung Choi, Sung Gu Han, Han Geuk Seo
To investigate potential mechanisms underlying the bioactivity of hydrolyzed fish collagen, we examined the anti-inflammatory actions of subcritical water-hydrolyzed fish collagen (SWFC) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-triggered inflammation and endotoxemia. SWFC markedly inhibited LPS-stimulated release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in murine RAW264.7 macrophages, along with decreased cytosolic translocation of HMGB1. Both the protein and mRNA levels of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were significantly upregulated in SWFC-treated RAW 264...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703736/nephroprotective-effects-of-saponins-from-leaves-of-panax-quinquefolius-against-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#19
Zhi-Na Ma, Yan-Zi Li, Wei Li, Xiao-Tong Yan, Ge Yang, Jing Zhang, Li-Chun Zhao, Li-Min Yang
Although cisplatin is an anticancer drug that has activity against malignant tumor, it often causes nephrotoxicity. Previous reports have confirmed that the saponins from the leaves of P. quinquefolium (PQS) exerted many pharmacological activities. However, the renoprotective effects of PQS were still unknown. The purpose of the present research was to discuss renoprotective effect of PQS in a mouse model of cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). The levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (CRE) were evidently increased in cisplatin-intoxicated mice, which were reversed by PQS...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686978/sinapic-acid-modulates-nrf2-ho-1-signaling-pathway-in-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#20
Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is related to increased reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cytokines in the kidney. Sinapic acid (SA) has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. AIMS: We determined the effects of SA on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats, and the potential mechanisms by which it augments antioxidant responses and attenuates nephrotoxicity related to oxidative/nitrosative stress, apoptosis, and inflammation. METHODS: Kidney function markers (i...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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