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Heme inflammation

Nicolas S Merle, Anne Grunenwald, Marie-Lucile Figueres, Sophie Chauvet, Marie Daugan, Samantha Knockaert, Tania Robe-Rybkine, Remi Noe, Olivia May, Marie Frimat, Nathan Brinkman, Thomas Gentinetta, Sylvia Miescher, Pascal Houillier, Veronique Legros, Florence Gonnet, Olivier P Blanc-Brude, Marion Rabant, Regis Daniel, Jordan D Dimitrov, Lubka T Roumenina
Intravascular erythrocyte destruction, accompanied by the release of pro-oxidative and pro-inflammatory components hemoglobin and heme, is a common event in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases with heterogeneous etiology and clinical features. A frequent adverse effect related to massive hemolysis is the renal injury and inflammation. Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether heme--a danger-associated molecular pattern--and ligand for TLR4 or upstream hemolysis-derived products are responsible for these effects...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Rasa Tamosiuniene, Olga Manouvakhova, Paul Mesange, Toshie Saito, Jin Qian, Mrinmoy Sanyal, Yu-Chun Lin, Linh P Nguyen, Amir Luria, Allen B Tu, Joshua M Sante, Marlene Rabinovitch, Desmond J Fitzgerald, Brian B Graham, Aida Habtezion, Norbert F Voelkel, Laure Aurelian, Mark R Nicolls
<u>Rationale:</u> Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH) is a life-threatening condition associated with immune dysregulation and abnormal regulatory T cell (Treg) activity, but it is currently unknown whether and how abnormal Treg function differentially affects males and females. <u>Objective:</u> To evaluate whether and how Treg-deficiency differentially affects male and female rats in experimental PH. <u>Methods and Results:</u> Male and female athymic rnu/rnu rats, lacking Tregs, were treated with the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) inhibitor SU5416 or chronic hypoxia and evaluated for PH; some animals underwent Treg immune reconstitution (IR) before SU5416 administration...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Yuko Arita, Michael Kirk, Neha Gupta, Ramkumar Menon, Darios Getahun, Morgan R Peltier
OBJECTIVE: Tributyltin (TBT) is a persistent pollutant but its effects on placental function are poorly understood as are its possible interactions with infection. We hypothesized that TBT alters the production of sex hormones and biomarkers for inflammation and neurodevelopment in an infection-dependent manner. METHODS: Placental explant cultures were treated with 0-5000 nM TBT in the presence and absence of Escherichia coli. A conditioned medium was harvested and concentrations of steroids (progesterone, P4; testosterone, T and estradiol, E2) as well as biomarkers of inflammation [interleukin (IL)-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), IL-10, IL-6, soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp-130) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)], oxidative stress [8-iso-prostaglandin (8-IsoP)] and neurodevelopment [brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)] were quantified...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Daniel Pedziwiatr, Monika Cymer, Magda Kucia, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Jerzy Samochowiec
Evidence has accumulated that the occurrence of psychiatric disorders is related to chronic inflammation. In support of this linkage, changes in the levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the peripheral blood (PB) of psychiatric patients as well as correlations between chronic inflammatory processes and psychiatric disorders have been described. Furthermore, an inflammatory process known as "sterile inflammation" when initiated directly in brain tissue may trigger the onset of psychoses...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Baocheng Zhang, Mingqiang Gao, Jie Shen, Daikun He
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) could produce excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which in turn induce neurological dysfunction and inflammation in cerebral tissues. This study was designed to study the effect of methane on cerebral I/R injury. METHODS: Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used to induce an animal model of cerebral I/R injury. Methane was mixed with air to achieve a final concentration of 2.2%. Rats started to inhale methane-air mixture after ischemia and continued it during the reperfusion...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Research
Tadahiro Miyake, Duo Wang, Hidetada Matsuoka, Kentaro Morita, Hiroshi Yasuda, Kazuhiro Yatera, Tamotsu Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Yoshida
Particulate matter (PM) with a median diameter <2.5 μm, is associated with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. We previously reported the biological effects of PM in vivo, and although neutrophils play an important role in initiating inflammation, few reports have focused on the relationship between PM inhalation and immune responses. Here, we investigated the effect of PM particle size on neutrophils, including their endocytosis activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that 1 μm particles are readily endocytosed by neutrophils and that endocytosis is reduced at 4 °C...
March 6, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Dorien Reijnders, Chin-Chi Liu, Xinjing Xu, Anna Zhao, Kelsey Olson, Scott D Butler, Nataki C Douglas, Jenny L Sones
Preeclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disease of pregnancy, is a leading cause of fetal and maternal morbidity/mortality. Early angiogenic and inflammatory disturbances within the placenta are thought to underlie the development of the maternal PE syndrome and poor pregnancy outcomes. However, the exact etiology remains largely unknown. Here, we use the BPH/5 mouse model of PE to elucidate the way in which inflammation early in pregnancy contributes to abnormal expression of angiogenic factors at the maternal-fetal interface...
March 9, 2018: Physiological Genomics
Rafa S Almeer, Sahar M Mahmoud, Hatem K Amin, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and protective effects of Ziziphus spina-christi fruit extract (ZFE) against acetic acid (AcOH)-induced colitis in rats. Before a single AcOH instillation, ZFE (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day) was administered for 5 days by oral gavage. Pretreatment with ZFE at different doses suppressed the spread of inflammation and inhibited mucosal damage; in addition, it reduced ulcer size and mitigated colitis markers. Administration of ZFE (400 mg/kg) resulted in a greater reduction of inflammatory colonic injury than that after reference drug, mesalazine (MLZ), administration...
March 5, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Orestes Foresto-Neto, Victor Ferreira Ávila, Simone Costa Alarcon Arias, Fernanda Florencia Fregnan Zambom, Lisienny Campoli Tono Rempel, Viviane Dias Faustino, Flavia Gomes Machado, Denise Maria Avancini Costa Malheiros, Hugo Abensur, Niels Olsen Saraiva Camara, Roberto Zatz, Clarice Kazue Fujihara
Recent studies suggest that NLRP3 inflammasome activation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Allopurinol (ALLO) inhibits xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity, and, consequently, reduces the production of uric acid (UA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), both of which can activate the NLRP3 pathway. Thus, ALLO can contribute to slow the progression of CKD. We investigated whether inhibition of XOD by ALLO reduces NLRP3 activation and renal injury in the 5/6 renal ablation (Nx) model...
March 6, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Alexander J Gill, Rolando Garza, Surendra S Ambegaokar, Benjamin B Gelman, Dennis L Kolson
BACKGROUND: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a critical cytoprotective enzyme that limits oxidative stress, inflammation, and cellular injury within the central nervous system (CNS) and other tissues. We previously demonstrated that HO-1 protein expression is decreased within the brains of HIV+ subjects and that this HO-1 reduction correlates with CNS immune activation and neurocognitive dysfunction. To define a potential CNS protective role for HO-1 against HIV, we analyzed a well-characterized HIV autopsy cohort for two common HO-1 promoter region polymorphisms that are implicated in regulating HO-1 promoter transcriptional activity, a (GT)n dinucleotide repeat polymorphism and a single nucleotide polymorphism (A(-413)T)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Mariola Olkowicz, Patrycja Jablonska, Jan Rogowski, Ryszard T Smolenski
Several proteins such as membrane-associated ectonucleotidases: ecto-5'-nucleotidase (E5NT/CD73) and ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (ENTPD1/CD39), and intracellular heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) may contribute to protection from inflammation-related diseases such as calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAS). Accurate quantification of these proteins could contribute to better understanding of the disease mechanisms and identification of biomarkers. This report presents development and validation of quantification method for E5NT/CD73, ENTPD1/CD39 and HO-1...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Dalia H Samak, Yasser S El-Sayed, Hazem M Shaheen, Ali H El-Far, Atsuto Onoda, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Masakazu Umezawa
With ubiquitous applications of nanotechnology, there are increasing probabilities of exposure to manufactured nanoparticles (NPs), which might be posing emerging health concerns on the next generation. Recent data suggest that generation of reactive oxygen species may play an integral role in the carbon black nanoparticles (CBNPs)-induced oxidative injury; however, the exact molecular mechanism has not been clarified. Hence, the role of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis pathways in the CBNPs-induced neuronal toxicity following in-ovo exposure of chicken embryo was elucidated...
February 26, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Subhadip Hajra, Arup Ranjan Patra, Abhishek Basu, Sudin Bhattacharya
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline group of antibiotic available for the treatment of broad spectrum of human cancers. However, patient receiving DOX-therapy, myelosuppression and genotoxicity which may lead to secondary malignancy and dose dependent cardiotoxicity is an imperative adverse effect. Mechanisms behind the DOX-induced toxicities are increased level of oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis. Therefore, in search of a potential chemoprotectant, naturally occurring glucosinolate breakdown product Indole-3-Carbinol (I3C) was evaluated against DOX-induced toxicities in Swiss albino mice...
February 26, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Maide Ozen, Hui Zhao, Flora Kalish, Yang Yang, Ann Folkins, Irina Burd, Ronald J Wong, David K Stevenson
PROBLEM: Infection during pregnancy can disrupt regulatory/effector immune system balance, resulting in adverse pregnancy and fetal-neonatal outcomes. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a major regulatory enzyme in the immune system. We observed maternal immune response dysregulation during late gestational inflammation (LGI), which may be mediated by HO-1. Here, we extend these studies to examine the immune response of offspring. METHOD OF STUDY: Pregnant wild-type (Wt) and HO-1 heterozygote (Het) dams were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or vehicle at E15...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Keping Cheng, Aijuan Yang, Xiaohui Hu, Dongbo Zhu, Kaizhong Liu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of curcumin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced neonatal acute lung injury (ALI) and the possibly associated molecular mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS ALI neonatal animal model was established by using LPS. Curcumin and/or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) inhibitor BADGE (bisphenol A diglycidyl ether) were administrated to animals. Lung edema was evaluated by PaO2 and lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) measurements. EMSA was used to determine the PPARγ activity...
February 26, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Wonki Kim, Seung Hyeon Kim, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Chaekyun Kim, Kyeojin Kim, Young-Ger Suh, Yeonsoo Joe, Hun Taeg Chung, Young-Nam Cha, Young-Joon Surh
Phagocytosis of pathogens by macrophages is crucial for the successful resolution of inflammation induced by microbial infection. Taurine chloramine (TauCl), an endogenous anti-inflammatory and antioxidative substance, is produced by reaction between taurine and hypochlorous acid by myeloperoxidase activity in neutrophils under inflammatory conditions. In the present study, we investigated the effect of TauCl on resolution of acute inflammation caused by fungal infection using a zymosan A-induced murine peritonitis model...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Immunology
Ranjana P Bird
Vitamin B6 serves as a coenzyme catalyzing more than 150 enzymes regulating metabolism and synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, heme, and important bioactive metabolites. For several years vitamin B6 and its vitamers (B6) were recognized as antioxidant and antiinflammatory and in modulating immunity and gene expression. During the last 10 years, there were growing reports implicating B6 in inflammation and inflammation-related chronic illnesses including cancer. It is unclear if the deficiency of B6 or additional intake of B6, above the current requirement, should be the focus...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Hui Ling Ren, Chao Nan Lv, Ying Xing, Yuan Geng, Feng Zhang, Wei Bu, Ming Wei Wang
BACKGROUND We observed the effects of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) downregulation via intrahippocampal injection of a lentiviral vector on cognition in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) to investigate the role of the (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway in age-related changes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Control lentivirus and Nrf2-shRNA-lentivirus were separately injected into the hippocampus of 4-month-old SAMR1 and SAMP8 mice and then successfully downregulated Nrf2 expression in this brain region...
February 23, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate obtained from cruciferous vegetables, exerts antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and antitumor activities in different cell types. Moreover, SFN has been viewed as an anti-inflammatory agent. Nonetheless, the mechanism underlying the ability of SFN in modulating the immune response in mammalian cells is not completely understood yet. Therefore, we investigated here whether and how SFN would be effective in preventing inflammation induced by a pro-oxidant agent (hydrogen peroxide, H2 O2 ) in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
February 23, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Hina Rasheed, Ruqayya Afridi, Ashraf Ullah Khan, Muhammad Zia Ullah, Sidra Khalid, Ayesha Atiq, Humaira Kashif, Muhammad Naeem Ahmed, Yeong Shik Kim, Salman Khan
Chronic inflammation is pathologically associated with various clinical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Several anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs currently available in market presents a wide range of problems. Therefore, the current study was aimed to evaluate anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of newly synthesized compound 2-(5-mercapto-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-N-propylbenzenesulphonamide (MOPBS). Carrageenan and CFA-induced models were developed for evaluation of anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity...
February 22, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
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