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Heme inflammation

Jihe Li, Dongxia Tong, Juan Liu, Fuyang Chen, Yongbin Shen
Oroxylin A, a natural flavonoid isolated from the medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, the effect of oroxylin A on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung inflammation remains unclear. In this study, the ability of oroxylin A to protect against CS-induced lung inflammation was detected in vivo and in vitro. Oroxylin A was administered intraperitoneally to mice 2h prior CS exposure every day for five consecutive days. BEAS-2B bronchial epithelial cells and RAW264...
October 17, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
FangFang, Hongyan Li, Tingting Qin, Min Li, Shiping Ma
The impaired insulin signaling has been recognized as a common pathogenetic mechanism between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the progression of AD, brain is characterized by defective insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and increased oxidative stress. Thymol, a monoterpene phenol isolated from medicinal herbs, has exhibited robust neuroprotective effects. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of thymol on HFD-induced cognitive deficits, and explore the possible mechanisms...
October 20, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
Panfeng Zhao, Xiangshu Piao, Long Pan, Zhikai Zeng, Qingyun Li, Xiao Xu, Hongliang Wang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to have a role in inflammation. We investigated whether Forsythia suspensa extract (FSE) could exert its antioxidant potential against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory liver injury in rats. Rats were orally fed FSE once daily for 7 consecutive days prior to LPS (Escherichia coli, serotype O55:B5) injection. LPS treatment caused liver dysfunction as evidenced by massive histopathological changes and increased serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities which were ameliorated by FSE pretreatment...
October 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Mateusz Adamiak, Ahmed Abdelbaset-Ismail, Joseph B Moore, J Zhao, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Marcin Wysoczynski, Mariusz Z Ratajczak
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous free radical molecule involved in several biological processes related to inflammation, tissue damage, and infections. Based on reports that NO inhibits migration of granulocytes and monocytes, we became interested in the role of inducible NO synthetase (iNOS) in pharmacological mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) from bone marrow (BM) into peripheral blood (PB). To address the role of NO in HSPC trafficking, we upregulated or downregulated iNOS expression in hematopoietic cell lines...
October 17, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Amy Geard, Gift D Pule, David Chelo, Valentina Josiane Ngo Bitoungui, Ambroise Wonkam
Sickle cell disease (SCD) vastly impacts the African continent and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Stroke, kidney disease, and pulmonary hypertension are considered as proxies of severity in SCD with several genomic loci implicated in their heritability. The present expert review examined the current data on epidemiology and genetic risk factors of stroke, pulmonary hypertension, and kidney disease associated with SCD, as indexed in PubMed(®) and Google Scholar(®). Studies collectively show that stroke and kidney disease each affect ∼10% of SCD patients, with pulmonary hypertension displaying a higher prevalence of 30% among adults with SCD...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Juthika Kundu, In Gyeong Chae, Kyung-Soo Chun
BACKGROUND: Fraxetin (7,8-dihydroxy-6-methoxy coumarin), a coumarin derivative, has been reported to possess antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. A number of recent observations suggest that the induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibits inflammation and tumorigenesis. In the present study, we determined the effect of fraxetin on HO-1 expression in HaCaT human keratinocytes and investigated its underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Reverse transcriptase-PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to detect HO-1 mRNA and protein expression, respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Minchan Gil, Yun Kyu Kim, Sang Bum Hong, Kyung Jin Lee
Naringin, a flavanone glycoside extracted from various plants, has a wide range of pharmacological effects. In the present study, we investigated naringin's mechanism of action and its inhibitory effect on lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha and high-mobility group box 1 expression in macrophages, and on death in a cecal ligation and puncture induced mouse model of sepsis. Naringin increased heme oxygenase 1 expression in peritoneal macrophage cells through the activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, p38, and NF-E2-related factor 2...
2016: PloS One
Semjon Seemann, Amelie Lupp
BACKGROUND: Chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is a multifunctional G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by its natural ligand, C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12). As a likely member of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-sensing complex, CXCR4 is involved in pro-inflammatory cytokine production and exhibits substantial chemo-attractive activity for various inflammatory cells. Here, we aimed to characterize the effects of CXCR4 blockade in systemic inflammation and to evaluate its impact on organ function...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
Ranu Surolia, Suman Karki, Zheng Wang, Tejaswini Kulkarni, Fu Jun Li, Shikhar Vohra, Hitesh Batra, Jerry A Nick, Steven R Duncan, Victor J Thannickal, Adrie Jc Steyn, Anupam Agarwal, Veena B Antony
Pulmonary infections with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (P-NTM) such as by Mycobacterium avium complex (M. avium) are increasingly found in the elderly, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Recent studies suggest that adaptive immunity is necessary but not sufficient for host defense against mycobacteria. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been recognized as a critical modulator of granuloma formation and programmed cell death in mycobacterial infections. Old mice (18-21 months) infected with M. avium had attenuated HO-1 response with diffuse inflammation, high burden of mycobacteria, poor granuloma formation, and decreased survival (45%) while young mice (4-6 months) showed tight, well defined granuloma, increased HO-1 expression and increased survival (95%)...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Ting Yan, Xiangyong Yu, Xianduo Sun, Dali Meng, Jing-Ming Jia
A new steroidal saponin, furotrilliumoside (FT) was isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. FT showed superior activity of inhibiting NO production of RAW264.7 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the preliminary biological screening. In order to develop novel therapeutic drug for acute and chronic inflammatory disorders, the anti-inflammatory activity and underlying mechanism of FT were investigated in LPS-induced RAW264...
September 28, 2016: Fitoterapia
Marta B Afonso, Pedro M Rodrigues, André L Simão, Dimitry Ofengeim, Tânia Carvalho, Joana D Amaral, Maria M Gaspar, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Rui E Castro, Junying Yuan, Cecília M P Rodrigues
Cholestasis encompasses liver injury and inflammation. Necroptosis, a necrotic cell death pathway regulated by receptor-interacting protein (RIP) 3, may mediate cell death and inflammation in the liver. We aimed to investigate the role of necroptosis in mediating deleterious processes associated with cholestatic liver disease. Hallmarks of necroptosis were evaluated in liver biopsies of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients and in wild-type and RIP3-deficient (RIP3(-/-)) mice subjected to common bile duct ligation (BDL)...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Ming-Wei Liu, Rong Liu, Hai-Yin Wu, Wei Zhang, Jing Xia, Min-Na Dong, Wen Yu, Qiang Wang, Feng-Mei Xie, Rui Wang, Yun-Qiao Huang, Chuan-Yun Qian
Xuebijing injection (XBJ) has long been used to treat infectious diseases in China. The therapeutic effect of XBJ is probably associated with anti-inflammatory effects. However, the precise mechanisms responsible for the effects of XBJ remain unknown. The present study was conducted in order to evaluate the protective effects of XBJ in a rat model of D-galactosamine (D-Gal)- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced acute liver injury. In the present study, the rats were injected with D-Gal and LPS intraperitoneally to induce acute liver injury...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Young-Min Han, Jong-Min Park, Jing X Kang, Ji-Young Cha, Ho-Jae Lee, Migeyong Jeong, Eun-Jin Go, Ki Baik Hahm
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) damage the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelial cell membranes by inducing several signals through lipid raft organization after membrane incorporation, whereas ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) relieve inflammation, reduce oxidative stress, and provide cytoprotection, consequent to lipid raft disorganization. Therefore, we hypothesized that ω-3 PUFAs can protect the GI from NSAID-induced damages by initiating the gatekeeper action of cell membranes, subsequent to anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative actions...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jorge Luis Costa Carvalho, Auriléia Aparecida de Brito, Ana Paula Ligeiro de Oliveira, Hugo Caire de Castro Faria Neto, Thiago Martini Pereira, Regiane Albertini de Carvalho, Elen Anatriello, Flávio Aimbire
Recent studies show that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has an important anti-inflammatory action in acute lung inflammation. The present work explored if laser therapy is able to antagonize eosinophils and allergic inflammation induced by oxidative stress in Balb/c mice. Forty-eight hours after challenge, the leukocyte counting, ROS and nitrite/nitrate level, RANTES, CCL3, CCL8 as well as eotaxins were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of laser-treated mice or not. Into the lung, some chemokines receptors, the iNOS activity and mRNA expression, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, gluthatione, NADPH oxidase activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (T-Bars) were measured...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Esther Titos, Bibiana Rius, Cristina López-Vicario, José Alcaraz-Quiles, Verónica García-Alonso, Aritz Lopategi, Jesmond Dalli, Juan José Lozano, Vicente Arroyo, Salvadora Delgado, Charles N Serhan, Joan Clària
Persistent activation of the innate immune system greatly influences the risk for developing metabolic complications associated with obesity. In this study, we explored the therapeutic potential of the specialized proresolving mediator (SPM) resolvin D1 (RvD1) to actively promote the resolution of inflammation in human visceral adipose tissue from obese (Ob) patients. Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabololipidomic analysis, we identified unbalanced production of SPMs (i.e., D- and E-series resolvins, protectin D1, maresin 1, and lipoxins) with respect to inflammatory lipid mediators (i...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Tolunay Beker Aydemir, Catalina Troche, Jinhee Kim, Min-Hyun Kim, Oriana Y Teran, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Robert J Cousins
Inflammation and zinc dyshomeostasis are two common hallmarks of aging. A major zinc transporter ZIP14 (slc39a14) is upregulated by proinflammatory stimuli, e.g. interleukin-6. We have evaluated the influence of age on the Zip14 KO phenotype using wild-type (WT) and Zip14 knockout (KO) mice. Aging produced a major increase in serum IL-6 concentrations that was dramatically augmented in the Zip14 KO mice. In keeping with enhanced serum IL-6 concentrations, aging produced tissue-specific increases in zinc concentration of skeletal muscle and white adipose tissue...
September 16, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Perla Villani Borges, Katelim Hottz Moret, Raghavendra Nulgumnalli Manjunathaiah, Thadeu Estevam Maramaldo Costa, Ana Paula Monteiro, Alan Brito Carneiro, Patrícia Pacheco, Jairo Ramos Temerozo, Dumith Chequer Bou-Habib, Maria das Graças Henriques, Carmen Penido
Activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) triggers an innate immune response, via cytokine production and inflammasome activation. Herein, we have investigated the modulatory effect of the natural limonoid gedunin on TLR activation in vitro and in vivo. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) pre- and post-treatments of C57BL/6 mouse with gedunin impaired the influx of mononuclear cells, eosinophils and neutrophils, as well as the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and nitric oxide (NO), triggered by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mouse pleura...
September 15, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Benoît Stijlemans, Lea Brys, Hannelie Korf, Pawel Bieniasz-Krzywiec, Amanda Sparkes, Liese Vansintjan, Lin Leng, Nele Vanbekbergen, Massimiliano Mazzone, Guy Caljon, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Steven Odongo, Carl De Trez, Stefan Magez, Jo A Van Ginderachter, Alain Beschin, Richard Bucala, Patrick De Baetselier
Animal African trypanosomosis is a major threat to the economic development and human health in sub-Saharan Africa. Trypanosoma congolense infections represent the major constraint in livestock production, with anemia as the major pathogenic lethal feature. The mechanisms underlying anemia development are ill defined, which hampers the development of an effective therapy. Here, the contribution of the erythropoietic and erythrophagocytic potential as well as of hemodilution to the development of T. congolense-induced anemia were addressed in a mouse model of low virulence relevant for bovine trypanosomosis...
September 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Fang Zhang, Yanyan Fu, Xiaoyan Zhou, Wei Pan, Yue Shi, Mei Wang, Xunbao Zhang, Dashi Qi, Lei Li, Kai Ma, Renxian Tang, Kuiyang Zheng, Yuanjian Song
Previous studies have demonstrated that lycopene possesses anti-inflammatory properties in the central nervous system. However, the potential role and the molecular mechanisms of lycopene in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenge inflammation and depression-like behaviors has not been clearly investigated. The present study aimed to assess the effects and the potential mechanisms of lycopene on LPS-induced depression-like behaviors. Lycopene was orally administered (60mg/kg) every day for seven days followed by intraperitoneal LPS injection (1mg/kg)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Anita Ayer, Abolfazl Zarjou, Anupam Agarwal, Roland Stocker
Heme oxygenases are composed of two isozymes, Hmox1 and Hmox2, that catalyze the degradation of heme to carbon monoxide (CO), ferrous iron, and biliverdin, the latter of which is subsequently converted to bilirubin. While initially considered to be waste products, CO and biliverdin/bilirubin have been shown over the last 20 years to modulate key cellular processes, such as inflammation, cell proliferation, and apoptosis, as well as antioxidant defense. This shift in paradigm has led to the importance of heme oxygenases and their products in cell physiology now being well accepted...
October 2016: Physiological Reviews
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