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Heme inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350760/involvement-of-hsp70-and-ho-1-in-the-protective-effects-of-raloxifene-on-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-by-endotoxemia-in-ovariectomized-rats
#1
Hsin-Hsueh Shen, Shieh-Yang Huang, Pao-Yun Cheng, Yen-Ju Chu, Shu-Ying Chen, Kwok-Keung Lam, Yen-Mei Lee
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence demonstrates that raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, possesses anti-inflammatory action. This study evaluates the preventive effects of long-term treatment of raloxifene on acute inflammation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in ovariectomized (OVX) rats with endotoxemia and its underlying mechanism of action. METHODS: Adult female rats were OVX bilaterally to induce estrogen insufficiency. OVX rats were administered with raloxifene (1 mg/kg, gavage, once daily) for 8 weeks, beginning 1 week after surgery, followed by induction of sepsis via intravenous infusion of lipopolysaccharides (LPS; 30 mg/kg) for 4 hours...
March 27, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344126/regulation-of-the-nitric-oxide-oxidase-activity-of-myeloperoxidase-by-pharmacological-agents
#2
Sophie L Maiocchi, Jonathan C Morris, Martin D Rees, Shane R Thomas
The leukocyte-derived heme enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) is released extracellularly during inflammation and impairs nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability by directly oxidizing NO or producing NO-consuming substrate radicals. Here, structurally diverse pharmacological agents with activities as MPO substrates/inhibitors or antioxidants were screened for their effects on MPO NO oxidase activity in human plasma and physiological model systems containing endogenous MPO substrates/antioxidants (tyrosine, urate, ascorbate)...
March 23, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320516/l-f001-a-novel-multifunctional-rock-inhibitor-suppresses-neuroinflammation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-involvement-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inhibition-and-nrf2-pathway-activation
#3
Jingkao Chen, Wei Yin, Yalin Tu, Shengnan Wang, Xiaohong Yang, Qiuhe Chen, Xiao Zhang, Yifan Han, Rongbiao Pi
Microglia and astrocytes are largely responsible for inflammatory injury in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increasing evidence has indicated that Rho kinase (ROCK) plays an important role in the regulation of neuroinflammation. Previously, we synthesized a new chemical entity L-F001 and proved its potential inhibitory effects on ROCK and oxidative stress. Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and the molecular mechanisms of L-F001 in vitro and in vivo. L-F001 remarkably suppressed lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-elevated expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) as well as LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necreactive oxygen speciesis factor-α (TNF-α) in microglial BV-2 cells and in cultured astrocytes...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320485/mesenchymal-stem-cells-increase-expression-of-heme-oxygenase-1-leading-to-anti-inflammatory-activity-in-treatment-of-acute-liver-failure
#4
Zhi-Heng Zhang, Wei Zhu, Hao-Zhen Ren, Xin Zhao, Shuai Wang, Hu-Cheng Ma, Xiao-Lei Shi
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied for the treatment of acute liver failure (ALF) for several years. MSCs may exert their effect via complex paracrine mechanisms. Heme oxygenase (HO) 1, a rate-limiting enzyme in heme metabolism, exerts a wide range of anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immunoregulatory effects in a variety of diseases. However, the relationship between MSCs and HO-1 in the treatment of ALF is still unclear. We investigated the preventive and therapeutic potential of intravenously administered BMSCs...
March 20, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315822/protective-effect-of-zerumbone-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-via-antioxidative-enzymes-and-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#5
Wai-Shing Leung, Ming-Ling Yang, Shiuan-Shinn Lee, Chi-Wen Kuo, Yung-Chyuan Ho, Rosa Huang-Liu, Hui-Wen Lin, Yu-Hsiang Kuan
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious disease with high morbidity and mortality rate. Although there are effective strategies for treatment of ALI; a widely accepted specific pharmacotherapy has not yet established. Zerumbone, the major active phytochemical compound from Zingiber zerumbet Smith, exhibits various beneficial biological and pharmacological activities, such as antioxidation, anti-inflammation, immunomodulation, and anti-cancer. We aimed to study the potential protective effects and mechanisms of zerumbone in mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI...
March 15, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298541/rosa-mosqueta-oil-prevents-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-through-the-upregulation-of-ppar-%C3%AE-and-nrf2-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#6
Daniel González-Mañán, Amanda D'Espessailles, Camila G Dossi, Marcela San Martín, Rodrigo A Mancilla, Gladys S Tapia
Background: Rosa mosqueta (RM) oil is characterized by high concentrations of antioxidants and α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3). We have previously demonstrated in male C57BL/6J mice that RM decreases hepatic steatosis, a condition strongly associated with oxidative stress and inflammation.Objective: We studied the molecular mechanisms that underlie the role of RM in preventing high-fat diet (HFD)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation.Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice aged 28 d and weighing 12-14 g were divided into the following groups and fed for 12 wk: control diet (CD; 10% fat, 20% protein, and 70% carbohydrates); CD + RM (1...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295428/atheroprotective-effects-and-molecular-targets-of-tanshinones-derived-from-herbal-medicine-danshen
#7
REVIEW
Jian Fang, Peter J Little, Suowen Xu
Medicinal plant-derived bioactive compounds modulate multiple therapeutic targets in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), rendering herb-derived phytochemicals effective against one of the major CVDs-atherosclerosis. Danshen (Salvia milthiorriza Bunge) is a Chinese medicine that has been used in cardio- and cerebro-vascular therapeutic remedies in Asian countries for many years. Emerging evidence from cellular, animal, and clinical studies suggests that major lipophilic tanshinones from Danshen can treat atherosclerotic CVDs...
February 16, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293084/hydrogen-rich-water-protects-against-in%C3%AF-ammatory-bowel-disease-in-mice-by-inhibiting-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-promoting-heme-oxygenase-1-expression
#8
Nai-Ying Shen, Jian-Bin Bi, Jing-Yao Zhang, Si-Min Zhang, Jing-Xian Gu, Kai Qu, Chang Liu
AIM: To investigate the therapeutic effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to explore the potential mechanisms involved. METHODS: Male mice were randomly divided into the following four groups: control group, in which the mice received equivalent volumes of normal saline (NS) intraperitoneally (ip); dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) group, in which the mice received NS ip (5 mL/kg body weight, twice per day at 8 am and 5 pm) for 7 consecutive days after IBD modeling; DSS + HRW group, in which the mice received HRW (in the same volume as the NS treatment) for 7 consecutive days after IBD modeling; and DSS + HRW + ZnPP group, in which the mice received HRW (in the same volume as the NS treatment) and ZnPP [a heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor, 25 mg/kg] for 7 consecutive days after IBD modeling...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290522/nutritional-control-of-il-23-th17-mediated-autoimmune-disease-through-ho-1-stat3-activation
#9
Jürgen Brück, Julia Holstein, Ivana Glocova, Ursula Seidel, Julia Geisel, Toshio Kanno, Jin Kumagai, Naoko Mato, Stephan Sudowe, Katja Widmaier, Tobias Sinnberg, Amir S Yazdi, Franziska C Eberle, Kiyoshi Hirahara, Toshinori Nakayama, Martin Röcken, Kamran Ghoreschi
The nutritional curcumin (CUR) is beneficial in cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. The molecular mechanisms underlying this food-mediated silencing of inflammatory immune responses are poorly understood. By investigating antigen-specific immune responses we found that dietary CUR impairs the differentiation of Th1/Th17 cells in vivo during encephalomyelitis and instead promoted Th2 cells. In contrast, feeding CUR had no inhibitory effect on ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation. Mechanistically, we found that CUR induces an anti-inflammatory phenotype in dendritic cells (DC) with enhanced STAT3 phosphorylation and suppressed expression of Il12b and Il23a...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285348/n-adamantyl-4-methylthiazol-2-amine-attenuates-glutamate-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-brain
#10
Seung-Ju Yang, Eun-A Kim, Min-Jun Chang, Jiae Kim, Jung-Min Na, Soo Young Choi, Sung-Woo Cho
In this study, we explored the possible mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective and anti-oxidative effects of N-adamantyl-4-methylthiazol-2-amine (KHG26693) against in vivo glutamate-induced toxicity in the rat cerebral cortex. Our results showed that pretreatment with KHG26693 significantly attenuated glutamate-induced elevation of lipid peroxidation, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon gamma, IFN-γ, interleukin-1β, nitric oxide, reactive oxygen species, NADPH oxidase, caspase-3, calpain activity, and Bax...
March 11, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283920/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-heme-oxygenase-1-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-morbid-obesity-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Raquel Tirado, Maria José Masdeu, Laura Vigil, Mercedes Rigla, Alexis Luna, Pere Rebasa, Rocío Pareja, Marta Hurtado, Assumpta Caixàs
INTRODUCTION: Morbid obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) interact at an inflammatory level. Bariatric surgery reduces inflammatory responses associated with obesity. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an enzyme with anti-inflammatory properties, which might be increased in morbid obesity or OSA. We studied morbidly obese patients with OSA to determine: (a) HO-1 plasma concentrations according to OSA severity and their relationship with insulin resistance and inflammation and (b) the impact of bariatric surgery on HO-1 and parameters of insulin resistance and inflammation...
March 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281222/gene-silencing-of-selenoprotein-k-induces-inflammatory-response-and-activates-heat-shock-proteins-expression-in-chicken-myoblasts
#12
Ruifeng Fan, Haidong Yao, Changyu Cao, Xia Zhao, Ahmed Khalid, Jinxin Zhao, Ziwei Zhang, Shiwen Xu
In the present study, specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) for selenoprotein K (Selk) gene was designed and transfected into chicken myoblasts. Then, the expressions of inflammatory factors (including induced nitric oxide synthase [iNOS], nuclear factor-kappa B [NF-κB], heme-oxygenase-1 [HO-1], cyclooxygenase-2 [COX-2], and prostaglandin E synthase [PTGEs]), inflammation-related cytokines (including interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-17, and interferon [IFN]-γ), and heat shock proteins (HSPs) (including HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) were examined at 24 and 72 h after transfection...
March 9, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274716/atractylenolide-i-restores-ho-1-expression-and-inhibits-ox-ldl-induced-vsmcs-proliferation-migration-and-inflammatory-responses-in-vitro
#13
Weifeng Li, Wenbing Zhi, Fang Liu, Zehong He, Xiuei Wang, Xiaofeng Niu
Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is characterized by the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and inflammatory lesions. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effect of atractylenolide I (AO-I) on smooth muscle cell inflammation, proliferation and migration induced by oxidized modified low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL). Here, We found that atractylenolide I inhibited Ox-LDL-induced VSMCs proliferation and migration in a dose-dependent manner, and decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in VSMCs...
March 6, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274624/the-apolipoprotein-a-i-mimetic-peptide-d-4f-alleviates-ox-ldl-induced-oxidative-stress-and-promotes-endothelial-repair-through-the-enos-ho-1-pathway
#14
Donghui Liu, Zhenzhen Ding, Mengzhang Wu, Wenqi Xu, Mingming Qian, Qian Du, Le Zhang, Ye Cui, Jianlan Zheng, He Chang, Caihua Huang, Donghai Lin, Yan Wang
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptide exerts many anti-atherogenic properties. However, the underlying mechanisms related to the endothelial protective effects remain elusive. In this study, the apoA-I mimetic peptide, D-4F, was used. Proliferation assay, wound healing, and transwell migration experiments showed that D-4F improved the impaired endothelial proliferation and migration resulting from ox-LDL. Endothelial adhesion molecules expression and monocyte adhesion assay demonstrated that D-4F inhibited endothelial inflammation...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273638/antimalarial-activity-and-safety-assessment-of-flueggea-virosa-leaves-and-its-major-constituent-with-special-emphasis-on-their-mode-of-action
#15
Shiv Vardan Singh, Ashan Manhas, Yogesh Kumar, Sonali Mishra, Karuna Shanker, Feroz Khan, Kumkum Srivastava, Anirban Pal
A clinical emergency stands due to the appearance of drug resistant Plasmodium strains necessitate novel and effective antimalarial chemotypes, where plants seem as the prime option, especially after the discovery of quinine and artemisinin. The present study was aimed towards bioprospecting leaves of Flueggea virosa for its antimalarial efficacy and active principles. Crude hydro-ethanolic extract along with solvent derived fractions were tested in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum CQ sensitive (3D7) and resistant (K1) strains, where all the fractions exhibited potential activity (IC50 values <10μg/mL) against both the strains...
March 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259976/plumbagin-prevents-osteoarthritis-in-human-chondrocytes-through-nrf-2-activation
#16
Yong-Xian Guo, Liang Liu, Dong-Zhan Yan, Jian-Ping Guo
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an inflammatory disorder dealing with the focal degradation of articular cartilage. Oxidative stress and inflammation are the major events in OA. The present study aimed at identifying the mechanism of the potent antioxidant, plumbagin, in protecting against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced chondrocyte oxidative stress and inflammatory signaling. Oxidative stress was determined by measuring reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, non‑enzymic (glutathione; GSH) and enzymic antioxidant activities (GSH, glutathione S‑transferase, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase)...
April 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257879/enzymatically-synthesized-glycogen-inhibits-colitis-through-decreasing-oxidative-stress
#17
Takakazu Mitani, Yasukiyo Yoshioka, Takashi Furuyashiki, Yoko Yamashita, Yasuhito Shirai, Hitoshi Ashida
Inflammatory bowel diseases are a group of chronic inflammation conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. Disruption of the mucosal immune response causes accumulation of oxidative stress, resulting in the induction of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we investigated the effect of enzymatically synthesized glycogen (ESG), which is produced from starch, on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in C57BL/6 mice. Oral administration of ESG suppressed DSS- and TNBS-induced shortening of large intestine in female mice and significant decreased DSS-induced oxidative stress and TNBS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the large intestine...
February 28, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253885/the-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-nrf2-activator-dh404-protects-against-diabetes-induced-endothelial-dysfunction
#18
Arpeeta Sharma, Luddwi Rizky, Nada Stefanovic, Mitchel Tate, Rebecca H Ritchie, Keith W Ward, Judy B de Haan
BACKGROUND: Vascular dysfunction is a pivotal event in the development of diabetes-associated vascular disease. Increased inflammation and oxidative stress are major contributors to vascular dysfunction. Nrf2, a master regulator of several anti-oxidant genes and a suppressor of inflammatory NF-κB, has potential as a target to combat oxidative stress and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel Nrf2 activator, the bardoxolone methyl derivative dh404, on endothelial function in vitro and in vivo...
March 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250190/activation-of-nrf2-antioxidant-signaling-by-1-25-dihydroxycholecalciferol-prevents-leptin-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-human-endothelial-cells
#19
Thaisa M Teixeira, Danielly C da Costa, Angela C Resende, Christophe O Soulage, Flavia F Bezerra, Julio B Daleprane
Background: Obesity is associated with hyperleptinemia and endothelial dysfunction. Hyperleptinemia has been reported to induce both oxidative stress and inflammation by increasing reactive oxygen species production.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1,25(OH)2D3] against leptin-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human endothelial cells.Methods: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used to knock down the expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248201/intravascular-hemolysis-and-the-pathophysiology-of-sickle-cell-disease
#20
REVIEW
Gregory J Kato, Martin H Steinberg, Mark T Gladwin
Hemolysis is a fundamental feature of sickle cell anemia that contributes to its pathophysiology and phenotypic variability. Decompartmentalized hemoglobin, arginase 1, asymmetric dimethylarginine, and adenine nucleotides are all products of hemolysis that promote vasomotor dysfunction, proliferative vasculopathy, and a multitude of clinical complications of pulmonary and systemic vasculopathy, including pulmonary hypertension, leg ulcers, priapism, chronic kidney disease, and large-artery ischemic stroke. Nitric oxide (NO) is inactivated by cell-free hemoglobin in a dioxygenation reaction that also oxidizes hemoglobin to methemoglobin, a non-oxygen-binding form of hemoglobin that readily loses heme...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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