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Resident well being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028800/spatial-distribution-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-xdr-tb-patients-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#1
Thandi Kapwata, Natashia Morris, Angela Campbell, Thuli Mthiyane, Primrose Mpangase, Kristin N Nelson, Salim Allana, James C M Brust, Pravi Moodley, Koleka Mlisana, Neel R Gandhi, N Sarita Shah
BACKGROUND: KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa, has among the highest burden of XDR TB worldwide with the majority of cases occurring due to transmission. Poor access to health facilities can be a barrier to timely diagnosis and treatment of TB, which can contribute to ongoing transmission. We sought to determine the geographic distribution of XDR TB patients and proximity to health facilities in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS: We recruited adults and children with XDR TB diagnosed in KwaZulu-Natal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026730/important-role-of-medical-training-curriculum-to-promote-the-rate-of-human-milk-feeding
#2
REVIEW
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#3
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024922/isolation-and-whole-genome-analysis-of-endospore-forming-bacteria-from-heroin
#4
Jörn Kalinowski, Björn Ahrens, Arwa Al-Dilaimi, Anika Winkler, Daniel Wibberg, Uwe Schleenbecker, Christian Rückert, Roman Wölfel, Gregor Grass
Infections caused by endospore-forming bacteria have been associated with severe illness and death among persons who inject drugs. Analysis of the bacteria residing in heroin has thus been biased towards species that affect human health. Similarly, exploration of the bacterial diversity of seized street market heroin correlated with the skin microflora of recreational heroin users insofar as different Staphylococus spp. or typical environmental endospore formers including Bacillus cereus and other Bacilli outside the B...
October 4, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024907/relationship-between-the-neighbourhood-built-environment-and-early-child-development
#5
Hayley Christian, Stephen J Ball, Stephen R Zubrick, Sally Brinkman, Gavin Turrell, Bryan Boruff, Sarah Foster
The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain...
October 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023625/readily-identifiable-risk-factors-of-nursing-home-residents-oral-hygiene-dementia-hospice-and-length-of-stay
#6
Sheryl Zimmerman, Sophie Austin, Lauren Cohen, David Reed, Patricia Poole, Kimberly Ward, Philip D Sloane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The poor oral hygiene of nursing home (NH) residents is a matter of increasing concern, especially because of its relationship with pneumonia and other health events. Because details and related risk factors in this area are scant and providers need to be able to easily identify those residents at most risk, this study comprehensively examined the plaque, gingival, and denture status of NH residents, as well as readily available correlates of those indicators of oral hygiene, including items from the Minimum Data Set (MDS)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023416/neuro-coagulopathy-blood-coagulation-factors-in-central-nervous-system-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Ciro De Luca, Assunta Virtuoso, Nicola Maggio, Michele Papa
Blood coagulation factors and other proteins, with modulatory effects or modulated by the coagulation cascade have been reported to affect the pathophysiology of the central nervous system (CNS). The protease-activated receptors (PARs) pathway can be considered the central hub of this regulatory network, mainly through thrombin or activated protein C (aPC). These proteins, in fact, showed peculiar properties, being able to interfere with synaptic homeostasis other than coagulation itself. These specific functions modulate neuronal networks, acting both on resident (neurons, astrocytes, and microglia) as well as circulating immune system cells and the extracellular matrix...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023382/quantification-of-representative-ciguatoxins-in-the-pacific-using-quantitative-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#8
Tsuyoshi Kato, Takeshi Yasumoto
The absolute quantification of five toxins involved in ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) in the Pacific was carried out by quantitative ¹H-NMR. The targeted toxins were ciguatoxin-1B (CTX1B), 52-epi-54-deoxyciguatoxin-1B (epideoxyCTX1B), ciguatoxin-3C (CTX3C), 51-hydroxyciguatoxin-3C (51OHCTX3C), and ciguatoxin-4A (CTX4A). We first calibrated the residual protons of pyridine-d₅ using certified reference material, 1,4-BTMSB-d₄, prepared the toxin solutions with the calibrated pyridin-d₅, measured the ¹H-NMR spectra, and quantified the toxin using the calibrated residual protons as the internal standard...
October 12, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022684/legionellosis-a-walk-through-to-identification-of-the-source-of-infection
#9
Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Vassilios Sandalakis, Maria Keramarou, Yannis Tselentis, Anna Psaroulaki
OBJECTIVES: Although a number of human Legionnaires' disease in tourists are recorded annually in Europe, there are few cases where a direct link can be made between the infected person and the source of infection (hotel or other accommodation). We present a scheme followed in order to track down and identify the source of infection in a tourist suffering from L. pneumophila sg 5 infection, who was accommodated in seven different hotels during his holidays in the island of Crete, and we comment on various difficulties and draw-backs of the process...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022053/glycated-albumin-ga-and-inflammation-role-of-ga-as-a-potential-marker-of-inflammation
#10
REVIEW
H Vernon Roohk, Asad R Zaidi, Dimple Patel
AIMS: Abnormal levels of glycated albumin (GA) are associated with the onset of both diabetes and inflammation. Although inflammation has long been associated with diabetes, this article aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of this relationship as it pertains to the role of GA. METHODS: We have reviewed 52 research articles since the year 2000. Common search terms used were "(inflammatory mediator) and GA" or "inflammation and GA". The findings have been organized according to diabetic complications with respect to the interactions of GA and inflammatory mediators...
October 11, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021947/health-symptoms-in-residents-living-near-shale-gas-activity-a-retrospective-record-review-from-the-environmental-health-project
#11
Beth Weinberger, Lydia H Greiner, Leslie Walleigh, David Brown
Increasing evidence demonstrates an association between health symptoms and exposure to unconventional natural gas development (UNGD). The purpose of this study is to describe the health of adults in communities with intense UNGD who presented for evaluation of symptoms. Records of 135 structured health assessments conducted between February 2012 and October 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Publicly available data were used to determine proximity to gas wells. Analysis was restricted to records of adults who lived within 1 km of a well in Pennsylvania and denied employment in the gas industry (n = 51)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020970/informing-new-or-improved-vector-control-tools-for-reducing-the-malaria-burden-in-tanzania-a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-of-mosquitoes-and-methods-for-their-control-among-the-residents-of-dar-es-salaam
#12
Christina Makungu, Stephania Stephen, Salome Kumburu, Nicodem J Govella, Stefan Dongus, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Gerry F Killeen, Caroline Jones
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of malaria prevention with long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying is limited by emerging insecticide resistance, evasive mosquito behaviours that include outdoor biting, sub-optimal implementation and inappropriate use. New vector control interventions are required and their potential effectiveness will be enhanced if existing household perceptions and practices are integrated into intervention design. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used focus groups discussions, in-depth interviews and photovoice methods to explore mosquito control perceptions and practices among residents in four study sites in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
October 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019312/widespread-distribution-of-mcr-1-bearing-bacteria-in-the-ecosystem-2015-to-2016
#13
Kaichao Chen, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Miaomiao Xie, Liangwei Ye, Ning Dong, Sheng Chen
The recently discovered colistin resistance-encoding element, mcr-1, adds to the list of mobile resistance genes whose products rapidly erode the antimicrobial efficacy of not only the commonly used antibiotics, but also the last line agents of carbapenems and colistin. The relative prevalence of mcr-1-bearing strains in various ecological niches including 1,371 food samples, 480 animal faecal samples, 150 human faecal samples and 34 water samples was surveyed using a novel in-house method. Bacteria bearing mcr-1 were commonly detected in water (71% of samples), animal faeces (51%), food products (36%), and exhibited stable carriage in 28% of human subjects surveyed...
September 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018565/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depression-among-participants-in-the-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-international-collaborative-clinical-alliance-registry
#14
Annie Chou, John A Gonzales, Troy E Daniels, Lindsey A Criswell, Stephen C Shiboski, Caroline H Shiboski
OBJECTIVE: To examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depression among participants in an international Sjögren's syndrome (SS) registry, comparing those with and without SS. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of participants in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) registry. The 2016 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism SS classification criteria were used to determine disease status. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form 12, version 2 Health Survey to derive scores for physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017190/-factors-influencing-chronic-back-pain-in-care-workers-attending-to-the-elderly-in-germany
#15
Dorothee Frey, Sandra Rieger, Elisabeth Diehl, Luis Carlos Escobar Pinzon
Introduction The present study determined the lifetime prevalence of chronic back pain in care workers attending to the needs of elderly in Rhineland-Palatinate facilities and identified potential influencing factors. Methods In a cross-sectional survey, 155 care workers in 5 institutions for the elderly care were interviewed with a written questionnaire. Questions from different standardised questionnaires were combined with our own questions. We complemented the examination with 2 standardized exercise tests...
October 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993622/evidence-for-mid-holocene-rice-domestication-in-the-americas
#16
Lautaro Hilbert, Eduardo Góes Neves, Francisco Pugliese, Bronwen S Whitney, Myrtle Shock, Elizabeth Veasey, Carlos Augusto Zimpel, José Iriarte
The development of agriculture is one of humankind's most pivotal achievements. Questions about plant domestication and the origins of agriculture have engaged scholars for well over a century, with implications for understanding its legacy on global subsistence strategies, plant distribution, population health and the global methane budget. Rice is one of the most important crops to be domesticated globally, with both Asia (Oryza sativa L.) and Africa (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) discussed as primary centres of domestication...
October 9, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992514/profile-of-and-expenditure-on-morbidity-and-hospitalizations-among-elderly-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-survey-in-india
#17
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992450/multilevel-analysis-of-the-role-of-human-factors-in-regional-disparities-in-crash-outcomes
#18
Emmanuel Kofi Adanu, Randy Smith, Lars Powell, Steven Jones
A growing body of research has examined the disparities in road traffic safety among population groups and geographic regions. These studies reveal disparities in crash outcomes between people and regions with different socioeconomic characteristics. A critical aspect of the road traffic crash epidemic that has received limited attention is the influence of local characteristics on human elements that increase the risk of getting into a crash. This paper applies multilevel logistic regression modeling techniques to investigate the influence of driver residential factors on driver behaviors in an attempt to explain the area-based differences in the severity of road crashes across the State of Alabama...
October 6, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992342/the-endoplasmic-reticulum-is-a-hub-to-sort-proteins-toward-unconventional-traffic-pathways-and-endosymbiotic-organelles
#19
Michele Bellucci, Francesca De Marchis, Andrea Pompa
The discovery that much of the extracellular proteome in eukaryotic cells consists of proteins lacking a signal peptide, which cannot therefore enter the secretory pathway, has led to the identification of alternative protein secretion routes bypassing the Golgi apparatus. However, proteins harboring a signal peptide for translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum can also be transported along these alternative routes, which are still far from being well elucidated in terms of the molecular machineries and subcellular/intermediate compartments involved...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992035/does-the-type-of-residential-housing-matter-for-depressive-symptoms-in-the-aftermath-of-a-disaster-insights-from-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#20
Yuri Sasaki, Jun Aida, Taishi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Yukako Tani, Shihoko Koyama, Yusuke Matsuyama, Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Yuiko Nagamine, Yoshihito Kameda, Tami Saito, Kazuhiro Kakimoto, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami resulted in widespread property destruction and over 250,000 displaced residents. We sought to examine whether the type of housing arrangement available to the affected victims was associated with a differential incidence of depressive symptoms. In this prospective cohort study comprising participants (65 years or older) from Iwanuma as a part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, we had information about the residents' mental health both pre-dating the disaster in 2010 as well as 2...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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