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Kalina Hristova

Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova
Missense mutations that introduce or remove cysteine residues in receptor tyrosine kinases are believed to cause pathologies by stabilizing the active receptor tyrosine kinase dimers. However, the magnitude of this stabilizing effect has not been measured for full-length receptors. Here, we characterize the dimer stabilities of three full-length fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) mutants harboring pathogenic cysteine substitutions: the C178S FGFR1 mutant, the C342R FGFR2 mutant, and the C228R FGFR3 mutant...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Deo R Singh, Elena B Pasquale, Kalina Hristova
BACKGROUND: The EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase is known to promote cancer cell malignancy in the absence of activation by ephrin ligands. This behavior depends on high EphA2 phosphorylation on Ser897 and low tyrosine phosphorylation, resulting in increased cell migration and invasiveness. We have previously shown that EphA2 forms dimers in the absence of ephrin ligand binding, and that dimerization of unliganded EphA2 can decrease EphA2 Ser897 phosphorylation. We have also identified a small peptide called YSA, which binds EphA2 and competes with the naturally occurring ephrin ligands...
September 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kurt Ballmer-Hofer, Kalina Hristova
VEGFR-2 is the primary regulator of angiogenesis, the development of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. VEGFR-2 has been hypothesized to be monomeric in the absence of bound ligand, and to undergo dimerization and activation only upon ligand binding. Using quantitative FRET and biochemical analysis, we show that VEGFR-2 forms dimers also in the absence of ligand when expressed at physiological levels, and that these dimers are phosphorylated. Ligand binding leads to a change in the TM domain conformation, resulting in increased kinase domain phosphorylation...
2016: ELife
Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova
The G380R mutation in the transmembrane domain of FGFR3 is a germline mutation responsible for most cases of Achondroplasia, a common form of human dwarfism. Here we use quantitative Fӧster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) and osmotically derived plasma membrane vesicles to study the effect of the achondroplasia mutation on the early stages of FGFR3 signaling in response to the ligands fgf1 and fgf2. Using a methodology that allows us to capture structural changes on the cytoplasmic side of the membrane in response to ligand binding to the extracellular domain of FGFR3, we observe no measurable effects of the G380R mutation on FGFR3 ligand-bound dimer configurations...
July 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Christopher King, Michael Stoneman, Valerica Raicu, Kalina Hristova
Here we introduce the fully quantified spectral imaging (FSI) method as a new tool to probe the stoichiometry and stability of protein complexes in biological membranes. The FSI method yields two dimensional membrane concentrations and FRET efficiencies in native plasma membranes. It can be used to characterize the association of membrane proteins: to differentiate between monomers, dimers, or oligomers, to produce binding (association) curves, and to measure the free energies of association in the membrane...
February 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova
Fibroblast growth factors (fgfs) are widely believed to activate their receptors by mediating receptor dimerization. Here we show, however, that the FGF receptors form dimers in the absence of ligand, and that these unliganded dimers are phosphorylated. We further show that ligand binding triggers structural changes in the FGFR dimers, which increase FGFR phosphorylation. The observed effects due to the ligands fgf1 and fgf2 are very different. The fgf2-bound dimer structure ensures the smallest separation between the transmembrane (TM) domains and the highest possible phosphorylation, a conclusion that is supported by a strong correlation between TM helix separation in the dimer and kinase phosphorylation...
2016: Nature Communications
Kenneth Hensley, Aleksandra Poteshkina, Ming F Johnson, Pirooz Eslami, S Prasad Gabbita, Alexandar M Hristov, Kalina M Venkova-Hristova, Marni E Harris-White
Diffuse axonal injury is recognized as a progressive and long-term consequence of traumatic brain injury. Axonal injury can have sustained negative consequences on neuronal functions such as anterograde and retrograde transport and cellular processes such as autophagy that depend on cytoarchitecture and axon integrity. These changes can lead to somatic atrophy and an inability to repair and promote plasticity. Obstruction of the autophagic process has been noted after brain injury, and rapamycin, a drug used to stimulate autophagy, has demonstrated positive effects in brain injury models...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Deo R Singh, Fozia Ahmed, Christopher King, Nisha Gupta, Matt Salotto, Elena B Pasquale, Kalina Hristova
The EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase promotes cell migration and cancer malignancy through a ligand- and kinase-independent distinctive mechanism that has been linked to high Ser-897 phosphorylation and low tyrosine phosphorylation. Here, we demonstrate that EphA2 forms dimers in the plasma membrane of HEK293T cells in the absence of ephrin ligand binding, suggesting that the current seeding mechanism model of EphA2 activation is incomplete. We also characterize a dimerization-deficient EphA2 mutant that shows enhanced ability to promote cell migration, concomitant with increased Ser-897 phosphorylation and decreased tyrosine phosphorylation compared with EphA2 wild type...
November 6, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Nuala Del Piccolo, Kalina Hristova
Here we describe an experimental tool, termed quantitative imaging Förster resonance energy transfer (QI-FRET), that enables the quantitative characterization of membrane protein interactions. The QI-FRET methodology allows us to acquire binding curves and calculate association constants for complex membrane proteins in the native plasma membrane environment. The method utilizes FRET detection, and thus requires that the proteins of interest are labeled with florescent proteins, either FRET donors or FRET acceptors...
August 18, 2015: Accounts of Chemical Research
Deo R Singh, QingQing Cao, Christopher King, Matt Salotto, Fozia Ahmed, Xiang Yang Zhou, Elena B Pasquale, Kalina Hristova
The erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma A3 (EphA3) receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) regulates morphogenesis during development and is overexpressed and mutated in a variety of cancers. EphA3 activation is believed to follow a 'seeding mechanism' model, in which ligand binding to the monomeric receptor acts as a trigger for signal-productive receptor clustering. We study EphA3 lateral interactions on the surface of live cells and we demonstrate that EphA3 forms dimers in the absence of ligand binding...
October 1, 2015: Biochemical Journal
Kalina Hristova, Anne Hinderliter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2015: Biophysical Journal
Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) conduct biochemical signals upon dimerization in the membrane plane. While RTKs are generally known to be activated in response to ligand binding, many of these receptors are capable of forming unliganded dimers that are likely important intermediates in the signaling process. All 58 RTKs consist of an extracellular (EC) domain, a transmembrane (TM) domain, and an intracellular domain that includes a juxtamembrane (JM) sequence and a kinase domain. Here we investigate directly the effect of the JM domain on unliganded dimer stability of FGFR3, a receptor that is critically important for skeletal development...
April 24, 2015: Journal of Molecular Biology
Nuala Del Piccolo, Jesse Placone, Kalina Hristova
Thanatophoric dysplasia type I (TDI) is a lethal human skeletal growth disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 births. TDI is known to arise because of five different mutations, all involving the substitution of an amino acid with a cysteine in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). Cysteine mutations in receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) have been previously proposed to induce constitutive dimerization in the absence of ligand, leading to receptor overactivation. However, their effect on RTK dimer stability has never been measured experimentally...
January 20, 2015: Biophysical Journal
Gregory Wiedman, William C Wimley, Kalina Hristova
In this work, we sought to rationally design membrane-active peptides that are triggered by low pH to form macromolecular-sized pores in lipid bilayers. Such peptides could have broad utility in biotechnology and in nanomedicine as cancer therapeutics or drug delivery vehicles that promote release of macromolecules from endosomes. Our approach to rational design was to combine the properties of a pH-independent peptide, MelP5, which forms large pores allowing passage of macromolecules, with the properties of two pH-dependent membrane-active peptides, pHlip and GALA...
April 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ehsan Pashay Ahi, Kalina Hristova Kapralova, Arnar Pálsson, Valerie Helene Maier, Jóhannes Gudbrandsson, Sigurdur S Snorrason, Zophonías O Jónsson, Sigrídur Rut Franzdóttir
BACKGROUND: Understanding the molecular basis of craniofacial variation can provide insights into key developmental mechanisms of adaptive changes and their role in trophic divergence and speciation. Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is a polymorphic fish species, and, in Lake Thingvallavatn in Iceland, four sympatric morphs have evolved distinct craniofacial structures. We conducted a gene expression study on candidates from a conserved gene coexpression network, focusing on the development of craniofacial elements in embryos of two contrasting Arctic charr morphotypes (benthic and limnetic)...
2014: EvoDevo
Lijuan He, Kalina Hristova
Single amino acid mutations in receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are known to cause receptor over-activation and disease. Here we present a detailed protocol for the quantification of the effect of mutations on RTK activation in mammalian cells. The activation measurements are based on Western blotting, and involve direct comparison of receptor phosphorylation under conditions that ensure identical expression of wild-type and mutant receptors.
2015: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jennifer M Kavran, Jacqueline M McCabe, Patrick O Byrne, Mary Katherine Connacher, Zhihong Wang, Alexander Ramek, Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Yibing Shan, David E Shaw, Kalina Hristova, Philip A Cole, Daniel J Leahy
The type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) is involved in growth and survival of normal and neoplastic cells. A ligand-dependent conformational change is thought to regulate IGF1R activity, but the nature of this change is unclear. We point out an underappreciated dimer in the crystal structure of the related Insulin Receptor (IR) with Insulin bound that allows direct comparison with unliganded IR and suggests a mechanism by which ligand regulates IR/IGF1R activity. We test this mechanism in a series of biochemical and biophysical assays and find the IGF1R ectodomain maintains an autoinhibited state in which the TMs are held apart...
2014: ELife
William C Wimley, Kalina Hristova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Christopher King, Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Patrick Byrne, Daniel J Leahy, Kalina Hristova
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) experiments are often used to study interactions between integral membrane proteins in cellular membranes. However, in addition to the FRET of sequence-specific interactions, these experiments invariably record a contribution due to proximity FRET, which occurs when a donor and an acceptor approach each other by chance within distances of ∼100 Å. This effect does not reflect specific interactions in the membrane and is frequently unappreciated, despite the fact that its magnitude can be significant...
March 18, 2014: Biophysical Journal
Jesse Placone, Lijuan He, Nuala Del Piccolo, Kalina Hristova
Here, we study the homodimerization of the transmembrane domain of Neu, as well as an oncogenic mutant (V664E), in vesicles derived from the plasma membrane of mammalian cells. For the characterization, we use a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based method termed Quantitative Imaging-FRET (QI-FRET), which yields the donor and acceptor concentrations in addition to the FRET efficiencies in individual plasma membrane-derived vesicles. Our results demonstrate that both the wild-type and the mutant are 100% dimeric, suggesting that the Neu TM helix dimerizes more efficiently than other RTK TM domains in mammalian membranes...
September 2014: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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