keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Depot

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238631/ethnic-and-age-disparities-in-patients-taking-long-acting-injectable-atypical-antipsychotics
#1
Mateen Soleman, Nikki Lam, Benjamin K Woo
Introduction This study will determine whether different ethnicities and different age groups receive equal amounts of long-acting atypical antipsychotics in comparison to their oral equivalents. Methods Secondary analyses of data from the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services Electronic Health Record (total N=63,134 inpatient visits) were performed. Chi-squared statistics were used to compare ethnicity and age with the use of either risperidone injectable or paliperidone palmitate (r-LAIs) versus risperidone oral...
October 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236228/population-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-modeling-of-ropivacaine-in-spinal-anesthesia
#2
Zoubir Djerada, Catherine Feliu, Yoann Cazaubon, Faouzi Smati, Philippe Gomis, Dominique Guerrot, Beny Charbit, Olivier Fernandes, Jean-Marc Malinovsky
BACKGROUND: Ropivacaine is frequently used in spinal anesthesia but the relationship between plasma concentrations and sensory block level remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between plasma ropivacaine concentrations and effects during spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty patients aged between 18 and 82 years were included in this study after providing written informed consent. Patients were randomly assigned to receive intrathecal administration of ropivacaine 15, 20 or 25 mg...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230714/obesity-phenotypes-depot-differences-in-adipose-tissue-and-their-clinical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Valeria Guglielmi, Paolo Sbraccia
Obesity, defined as excess fat mass, increases risks for multiple chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and several types of cancer. Beyond adiposity per se, the pattern of fat distribution, android or truncal as compared to gynoid or peripheral, has a profound influence on systemic metabolism and hence risk for obesity complications. Not only factors as genetics, environment, gender, and age account for the apparent compartmentalization of white adipose tissue (WAT) in the body...
December 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229927/activation-of-non-canonical-wnt-signaling-in-human-visceral-adipose-tissue-contributes-to-local-and-systemic-inflammation
#4
María A Zuriaga, José J Fuster, Melissa G Farb, Susan MacLauchlan, Rosa Bretón-Romero, Shakun Karki, Donald T Hess, Caroline M Apovian, Naomi M Hamburg, Noyan Gokce, Kenneth Walsh
The accumulation of visceral adiposity is strongly associated with systemic inflammation and increased cardiometabolic risk. WNT5A, a non-canonical WNT ligand, has been shown to promote adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in animal studies. Among other non-canonical pathways, WNT5A activates planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling. The current study investigated the potential contribution of non-canonical WNT5A/PCP signaling to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) inflammation and associated metabolic dysfunction in individuals with obesity...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224089/cellular-mechanisms-driving-sex-differences-in-adipose-tissue-biology-and-body-shape-in-humans-and-mouse-models
#5
Kalypso Karastergiou, Susan K Fried
Sex differences in adipose tissue distribution and the metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions of different anatomical fat depots have been described, but they are incompletely documented in the literature. It is becoming increasingly clear that adipose depots serve distinct functions in males and females and have specific physiological roles. However, the mechanisms that regulate the size and function of specific adipose tissues in men and women remain poorly understood. New insights from mouse models have advanced our understanding of depot differences in adipose growth and remodeling via the proliferation and differentiation of adipose progenitors that can expand adipocyte number in the tissue or simply replace dysfunctional older and larger adipocytes...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224088/sex-differences-in-body-composition
#6
Miriam A Bredella
Body composition differs between men and women. Men have more lean mass, and women have more fat mass than men. Men are more likely to accumulate adipose tissue around the trunk and abdomen, whereas women usually accumulate adipose tissue around the hips and thighs. Less is known about sex differences in ectopic fat depots. Advances in imaging allow the noninvasive assessment of abdominal and femorogluteal fat compartments, intramyocellular lipids, intrahepatic lipids, pericardial adipose tissue, and neck adipose tissue including brown adipose tissue and tongue adipose tissue...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223415/-psychological-impact-of-prostate-cancer-on-patients-receiving-a-6-month-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#7
A de la Taille, S Mardoyan, A Lafaye
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is often associated with psychopathological symptoms such as anxiety. This study evaluated the effects of the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist therapy leuprorelin acetate (LA) on anxiety and quality of life (QoL) over time in men with PCa. METHODS: This observational, non interventional, multicenter study was conducted in France. Patients with PCa eligible for therapy with a 6-month LA depot were enrolled. Patients completed questionnaires assessing anxiety (memorial anxiety scale for prostate cancer [MAX-PC] ; state trait anxiety inventory [STAI]) and QoL (medical outcomes study 12-item short-form health survey [SF-12] physical summary component [PCS] and mental component summary [MSCS] subscales) at baseline and 6 months after 6-month LA depot administration...
December 6, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218528/proximity-ligation-assay-to-study-the-glut4-membrane-trafficking-machinery
#8
Dimitrios Kioumourtzoglou, Gwyn W Gould, Nia J Bryant
In this chapter a detailed protocol of proximity ligation assay (PLA) is described thoroughly. PLA is a technique that allows detection of protein associations in situ, providing a sensitive and selective approach for protein-protein interaction studies. We demonstrate the technique by applying it for trafficking studies of the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT4. Trafficking of GLUT4 from perinuclear depots to the plasma membrane is regulated by insulin in adipocytes and muscle cells, and mediated by formation of functional SNARE complexes containing Syntaxin4, SNAP23, and VAMP2...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216739/lymphatic-drainage-efficiency-a-new-parameter-of-lymphatic-function
#9
Georgia Keramida, Emma Wroe, Nicola Winterman, Mark Aplin, A Michael Peters
Background Following convection from blood capillaries, plasma proteins are transported to loco-regional lymph nodes in two stages: first, uptake into peripheral lymphatics, and second, transport to nodes. Purpose To introduce a new parameter of lymphatic function that quantifies stage 2 - lymphatic drainage efficiency (LDE). Material and Methods Percentage injected activity (IIQ) in ilio-inguinal nodes 150 min following subcutaneous foot web-space injection of Tc-99 m-nanocolloid was measured in 102 patients undergoing lymphoscintigraphy using a method in which a standard is placed by image guidance over the nodes...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216591/concomitant-monitoring-of-implant-formation-and-drug-release-of-in-situ-forming-poly-lactide-co-glycolide-acid-implants-in-a-hydrogel-matrix-mimicking-the-subcutis-using-uv-vis-imaging
#10
Yu Sun, Henrik Jensen, Nickolaj J Petersen, Susan W Larsen, Jesper Østergaard
For poly (lactide-co-glycolide acid) (PLGA)-based in situ forming implants, the rate of implant formation plays an important role in determining the overall drug release kinetics. Currently, in vitro techniques capable of characterizing the processes of drug release and implant formation at the same time are not available. A hydrogel-based in vitro experimental setup was recently developed requiring only microliter of formulation and forming a closed system potentially suitable for interfacing with various spectroscopic techniques...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216392/dioxin-like-pcb-126-increases-systemic-inflammation-and-accelerates-atherosclerosis-in-lean-ldl-receptor-deficient-mice
#11
Michael C Petriello, J Anthony Brandon, Jessie Hoffman, Chunyan Wang, Himi Tripathi, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Xiang Ye, Xiangan Li, Liping Yang, Eun Lee, Sony Soman, Jazmyne Barney, Banrida Wahlang, Bernhard Hennig, Andrew J Morris
Exposure to dioxins and related persistent organic pollutants likely contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk through multiple mechanisms including the induction of chronic inflammation. Epidemiological studies have shown that leaner individuals may be more susceptible to the detrimental effects of lipophilic toxicants because they lack large adipose tissue depots that can accumulate and sequester these pollutants. This phenomenon complicates efforts to study mechanisms of pollutant-accelerated atherosclerosis in experimental animal models where high-fat feeding and adipose expansion limit the bioavailability of lipophilic pollutants...
December 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215597/application-of-pharmacokinetics-modelling-to-predict-human-exposure-of-a-cationic-liposomal-subunit-antigen-vaccine-system
#12
Raj K S Badhan, Swapnil Khadke, Yvonne Perrie
The pharmacokinetics of a liposomal subunit antigen vaccine system composed of the cationic lipid dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA) and the immunostimulatory agent trehalose 6,6-dibehenate (TDB) (8:1 molar ratio) combined with the Ag85B-ESAT-6 (H1) antigen were modelled using mouse in-vivo data. Compartment modelling and physiologically based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) were used to predict the administration site (muscle) and target site (lymph) temporal concentration profiles and factors governing these...
December 7, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215362/the-switch-to-refillable-bottled-water-in-indonesia-a-serious-health-risk
#13
Ahmad Komarulzaman, Eelke de Jong, Jeroen Smits
In recent years, the consumption of refillable bottled water has increased considerably in emerging countries. However, the quality of this water is often questionable, as authorities lack the capacity to properly check refilling depots. Given that refillable bottled water not only replaces unimproved water sources, but also better-quality sources, like piped and branded bottled water, its increasing use poses a major health risk. We investigate the motives behind the decision to switch to refillable bottled water in Indonesia...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214018/transcriptional-changes-in-mesenteric-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-from-holstein-cows-in-response-to-plane-of-dietary-energy
#14
S J Moisá, P Ji, J K Drackley, S L Rodriguez-Zas, J J Loor
Background: Dairy cows can readily overconsume dietary energy during most of the prepartum period, often leading to higher prepartal concentrations of insulin and glucose and excessive body fat deposition. The end result of these physiologic changes is greater adipose tissue lipolysis post-partum coupled with excessive hepatic lipid accumulation and compromised health. Although transcriptional regulation of the adipose response to energy availability is well established in non-ruminants, such regulation in cow adipose tissue depots remains poorly characterized...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213358/intratumoral-treatment-with-radioactive-beta-emitting-microparticles-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Robbert C Bakker, Marnix G E H Lam, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen, Antoine J W P Rosenberg, Robert J J van Es, J Frank W Nijsen
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the role of radioactive microparticles (1-100 μm) for the treatment of solid tumors and provide a comprehensive overview of the feasibility, safety, and efficacy. Methods: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library (January 2017) by combining synonyms for the determinants "tumor," "injection," and "radionuclide." Data on injection technique, toxicity, tumor response, and survival were collected...
2017: Journal of Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212073/age-induced-changes-in-white-brite-and-brown-adipose-depots-a-mini-review
#16
Markus Schosserer, Johannes Grillari, Christian Wolfrum, Marcel Scheideler
Aging is a time-related process of functional decline at organelle, cellular, tissue, and organismal level that ultimately limits life. Cellular senescence is a state of permanent growth arrest in response to stress and one of the major drivers of aging and age-related disorders. Senescent cells accumulate with age, and removal of these cells delays age-related disorders in different tissues and prolongs healthy lifespan. One of the most studied aging mechanisms is the accumulation of reactive oxygen species damage in cells, organs, and organisms over time...
December 7, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210867/antipsychotic-polypharmacy-and-its-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-egyptian-study
#17
Dina M Aly El-Gabry, Karim Abdel Aziz, Tarek Okasha, Hanan Azzam, Ahmed Okasha
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between antipsychotic polypharmacy and metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia. Some studies suggest that antipsychotic polypharmacy may be associated with greater metabolic risk, whereas other studies suggest that this is uncertain. To date, there have been no studies in Egypt or the Arab world that have investigated this relationship. We sought to compare subjects with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic polypharmacy and monotherapy as regards metabolic outcomes and to investigate medication-related factors associated with metabolic syndrome...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210836/abdominal-fat-depots-and-subclinical-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-women-with-and-without-hiv-infection
#18
Marshall J Glesby, David B Hanna, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Michael T Yin, Robert Kaplan, Phyllis C Tien, Mardge Cohen, Kathryn Anastos, Anjali Sharma
BACKGROUND: Data on associations between abdominal fat depot mass and subclinical atherosclerosis are limited, especially in women with HIV. METHODS: We assessed cross-sectional associations of dual X-ray absorptiometry scan-derived estimates of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with 3 measures of subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis-- carotid artery stiffness (Young's modulus of elasticity), presence of carotid artery lesions, and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT)-- in a subsample of participants in the Women's Interagency HIV Study...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209864/pharmacists-and-prescribers-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-nas-prevention-behaviors-a-preliminary-analysis
#19
Nicholas E Hagemeier, Ivy A Click, Heather Flippin, Holly Gilliam, Alexandra Ross, Jeri Ann Basden, Ronald Carico
Background Maternal opioid use and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) incidence have increased markedly in the US in recent years. Objectives (1) To assess prescribers' and community pharmacists' guideline-based NAS prevention behaviors; (2) to describe providers' perceptions of contraceptive appropriateness in female patients of childbearing age. Method Cross-sectional study of 100 randomly selected primary care physicians, 100 prescribers authorized to engage in in-office treatment of opioid use disorders with buprenorphine, 100 pain management clinic directors, and 100 community pharmacists in Tennessee (N = 400 providers total) to evaluate self-reported engagement in 15 NAS prevention behaviors and perceived appropriateness of 8 contraceptive methods in opioid using women of childbearing age...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209828/regulation-of-immunometabolism-in-adipose-tissue
#20
REVIEW
Manju Kumari, Joerg Heeren, Ludger Scheja
Adipose tissue has emerged as a major player in driving obesity-related inflammatory response. In obesity, chronic infiltration of macrophages in adipose tissue mediates local and systemic inflammation and acts as a key contributor to insulin resistance. In the past few years, adipose tissue plasticity and remodeling capacity has been studied extensively to develop therapeutic targets to combat obesity and related metabolic dysfunction. Progress in understanding the potential of adipocytes and contribution of macrophages and other immune cells to control immunometabolism in disease state has provided us new potential intervention targets to explore such as the formation of heat-producing beige adipocytes in white adipose tissue and the polarization of macrophages from an inflammatory toward an anti-inflammatory phenotype...
December 5, 2017: Seminars in Immunopathology
keyword
keyword
27235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"