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Cardiac Contractility Modulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717008/the-cardiac-z-disc-protein-cefip-regulates-cardiomyocyte-hypertrophy-by-modulating-calcineurin-signaling
#1
Franziska Dierck, Christian Kuhn, Claudia Rohr, Susanne Hille, Julia Braune, Samuel Sossalla, Sibylle Molt, Peter F M van der Ven, Dieter O Fürst, Norbert Frey
The z-disc is a structural component at the lateral borders of the sarcomere and is important for mechanical stability and contractility of both cardiac and skeletal muscles. Of note, the sarcomeric z-disc also represents a nodal point in cardiomyocyte function and signaling. Mutations of numerous z-disc proteins are associated with cardiomyopathies and muscle diseases. To identify additional z-disc proteins that might contribute to cardiac disease, we employed an in silico screen for cardiac-enriched cDNAs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685207/clinical-effects-of-long-term-cardiac-contractility-modulation-ccm-in-subjects-with-heart-failure-caused-by-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#2
D Müller, A Remppis, P Schauerte, S Schmidt-Schweda, D Burkhoff, B Rousso, D Gutterman, J Senges, G Hindricks, K-H Kuck
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Despite advances in therapy, nearly half of patients receiving guideline-directed medical therapy remain limited by symptoms. Cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) can improve symptoms in this population, but efficacy and safety in prospective studies has been limited to 12 months of follow-up. We report on the first 2 year multi-site evaluation of CCM in patients with heart failure. METHODS: One hundred and forty-three subjects with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction were followed via clinical registry for 24 months recording NYHA class, MLWHFQ score, 6 min walk distance, LVEF, and peak VO2 at baseline and 6 month intervals as clinically indicated...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681408/role-of-peripheral-vascular-resistance-as-an-indicator-of-cardiovascular-abnormalities-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Monika Zawadka-Kunikowska, Joanna Słomko, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Jacek J Klawe, Agnieszka Cudnoch-Jędrzejewska, Julia L Newton, Paweł Zalewski
The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular autonomic modulation in response to an orthostatic stress in healthy subjects and Parkinson's disease (PD). The study included 47 controls and 56 PD patients divided into groups (vasoconstrictor PD, vasodilator PD, control) according to vasodilation/vasoconstriction response during 70° head up tilt test. Using Impedance cardiography (ICG) and electrocardiography (ECG) we measured stroke volume, cardiac output, left ventricular work index, left ventricular ejection time, acceleration index, index of contractility, Heather index, thoracic fluid content, total peripheral resistance, total arterial compliance...
July 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672774/combinatorial-therapy-of-exercise-preconditioning-and-nanocurcumin-formulation-supplementation-improves-cardiac-adaptation-under-hypobaric-hypoxia
#4
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Anju Bansal, Deepika Saraswat
BACKGROUND: Chronic hypobaric hypoxia (cHH) mediated cardiac insufficiencies are associated with pathological damage. Sustained redox stress and work load are major causative agents of cardiac insufficiencies under cHH. Despite the advancements made in pharmacological (anti-oxidants, vasodilators) and non-pharmacological therapeutics (acclimatization strategies and schedules), only partial success has been achieved in improving cardiac acclimatization to cHH. This necessitates the need for potent combinatorial therapies to improve cardiac acclimatization at high altitudes...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658286/mybpc3-mutations-are-associated-with-a-reduced-super-relaxed-state-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#5
James W McNamara, Amy Li, Sean Lal, J Martijn Bos, Samantha P Harris, Jolanda van der Velden, Michael J Ackerman, Roger Cooke, Cristobal G Dos Remedios
The "super-relaxed state" (SRX) of myosin represents a 'reserve' of motors in the heart. Myosin heads in the SRX are bound to the thick filament and have a very low ATPase rate. Changes in the SRX are likely to modulate cardiac contractility. We previously demonstrated that the SRX is significantly reduced in mouse cardiomyocytes lacking cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C). Here, we report the effect of mutations in the cMyBP-C gene (MYBPC3) using samples from human patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640453/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) was first recognized more than four decades ago and occurred independent of cardiovascular diseases or hypertension in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. The exact mechanisms underlying this disease remain incompletely understood. Several pathophysiological bases responsible for DCM have been proposed, including the presence of hyperglycemia, nonenzymatic glycosylation of large molecules (e.g., proteins), energy metabolic disturbance, mitochondrial damage and dysfunction, impaired calcium handling, reactive oxygen species formation, inflammation, cardiac cell death, and cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, leading to impairment of cardiac contractile functions...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622605/flexible-nanofilms-coated-with-aligned-piezoelectric-microfibers-preserve-the-contractility-of-cardiomyocytes
#7
P José Gouveia, S Rosa, L Ricotti, B Abecasis, H V Almeida, L Monteiro, J Nunes, F Sofia Carvalho, M Serra, S Luchkin, A Leonidovitch Kholkin, P Marques Alves, P Jorge Oliveira, R Carvalho, A Menciassi, R Pires das Neves, L Silva Ferreira
The use of engineered cardiac tissue for high-throughput drug screening/toxicology assessment remains largely unexplored. Here we propose a scaffold that mimics aspects of cardiac extracellular matrix while preserving the contractility of cardiomyocytes. The scaffold is based on a poly(caprolactone) (PCL) nanofilm with magnetic properties (MNF, standing for magnetic nanofilm) coated with a layer of piezoelectric (PIEZO) microfibers of poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (MNF+PIEZO). The nanofilm creates a flexible support for cell contraction and the aligned PIEZO microfibers deposited on top of the nanofilm creates conditions for cell alignment and electrical stimulation of the seeded cells...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614788/apelin-modulates-pathological-remodeling-of-lymphatic-endothelium-after-myocardial-infarction
#8
Florence Tatin, Edith Renaud-Gabardos, Anne-Claire Godet, Fransky Hantelys, Francoise Pujol, Florent Morfoisse, Denis Calise, Fanny Viars, Philippe Valet, Bernard Masri, Anne-Catherine Prats, Barbara Garmy-Susini
Lymphatic endothelium serves as a barrier to control fluid balance and immune cell trafficking to maintain tissue homeostasis. Long-term alteration of lymphatic vasculature promotes edema and fibrosis, which is an aggravating factor in the onset of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction. Apelin is a bioactive peptide that plays a central role in angiogenesis and cardiac contractility. Despite an established role of apelin in lymphangiogenesis, little is known about its function in the cardiac lymphatic endothelium...
June 15, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598489/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-mediated-protection-of-the-rat-heart-exposed-to-ischemia-reperfusion
#9
Spyros A Mavropoulos, Nayaab S Khan, Asaph C J Levy, Bradley T Faliks, Cristina P Sison, Valentin A Pavlov, Youhua Zhang, Kaie Ojamaa
Reperfusion injury following acute myocardial infarction is associated with significant morbidity. Activation of neuronal or non-neuronal cholinergic pathways in the heart has been shown to reduce ischemic injury and this effect has been attributed primarily to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. In contrast, the role of nicotinic receptors, specifically alpha-7 subtype (α7nAChR) in the myocardium remains unknown which offers an opportunity to potentially repurpose several agonists/modulators that are currently under development for neurologic indications...
June 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591668/the-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-serms-raloxifene-and-tamoxifen-improve-anp-levels-and-decrease-nuclear-translocation-of-nf-kb-in-estrogen-deficient-rats
#10
Aline Z Lamas, Andrews M Nascimento, Ana Raquel S Medeiros, Izabela F Caliman, Polyana L M Dalpiaz, Luciana B Firmes, Glauciene J Sousa, Phablo Wendell C Oliveira, Tadeu U Andrade, Adelina M Reis, Sônia A Gouvea, Nazaré S Bissoli
BACKGROUND: The selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) raloxifene and tamoxifen are used for the treatment of osteoporosis and cancer, respectively, in women. The impairment of both the Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) cell signaling system and the translocation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) to the cell nucleus are associated with detrimental cardiovascular effects and inflammation. The effects of SERMs on these parameters in the cardiac tissue of estrogen-deficient rats has not been reported...
March 16, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587810/subcellular-localization-of-na-k-atpase-isoforms-in-ventricular-myocytes
#11
Garrick K Yuen, Samuel Galice, Donald M Bers
The sodium/potassium ATPase (NKA) is essential for establishing the normal intracellular [Na(+)] and [K(+)] and transmembrane gradients that are essential for many cellular functions, including cardiac electrophysiology and contractility. Different NKA isoforms exhibit differential expression levels, cellular localization, and function in different tissues and species. Prior work has indicated that the NKA-α1 isoform is quantitatively predominant in cardiac myocytes, but that the α2 isoform is preferentially concentrated in the transverse tubules (TT), possibly at junctions with the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) where α2 may preferentially modulate cardiac contractility...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552058/potential-of-sulphur-containing-amino-acids-in-the-prevention-of-catecholamine-induced-arrhythmias
#12
Adriana Adameova, Paramjit S Tappia, Robert Hatala, Naranjan S Dhalla
BACKGROUND: Various physiological and pathological stimuli can hypersensitize the sympathetic nervous system resulting in a substantial release of catecholamines (CA) and consequent alterations in excitation-contraction coupling and excitation-transcription coupling. OBSERVATIONS: It has been shown that oxidation products of CA, rather than CA themselves, are responsible for such adaptation to a new equilibrium. While chronic, sustained accumulation of CA and their toxic products are associated with the depression in cardiac contractile force and remodeling, acute excessive release of CA can result in brief oxidative bursts and serious damage leading in lethal arrhythmias...
May 26, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534086/neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-modulation-of-intracellular-ca-2-handling-overrides-fatty-acid-potentiation-of-cardiac-inotropy-in-hypertensive-rats
#13
Chun Li Jin, Ming Zhe Yin, Jin Chul Paeng, Seunggyun Ha, Jeong Hoon Lee, Peng Jin, Chun Zi Jin, Zai Hao Zhao, Yue Wang, Keon Wook Kang, Chae Hun Leem, Jong-Wan Park, Sung Joon Kim, Yin Hua Zhang
Cardiac neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is an important molecule that regulates intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and contractility of healthy and diseased hearts. Here, we examined the effects of nNOS on fatty acid (FA) regulation of left ventricular (LV) myocyte contraction in sham and angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertensive (HTN) rats. Our results showed that palmitic acid (PA, 100 μM) increased the amplitudes of sarcomere shortening and intracellular ATP in sham but not in HTN despite oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was increased by PA in both groups...
May 22, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510118/tampering-with-springs-phosphorylation-of-titin-affecting-the-mechanical-function-of-cardiomyocytes
#14
REVIEW
Nazha Hamdani, Melissa Herwig, Wolfgang A Linke
Reversible post-translational modifications of various cardiac proteins regulate the mechanical properties of the cardiomyocytes and thus modulate the contractile performance of the heart. The giant protein titin forms a continuous filament network in the sarcomeres of striated muscle cells, where it determines passive tension development and modulates active contraction. These mechanical properties of titin are altered through post-translational modifications, particularly phosphorylation. Titin contains hundreds of potential phosphorylation sites, the functional relevance of which is only beginning to emerge...
June 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509888/cardiac-contractility-modulation-a-technical-guide-for-device-implantation
#15
Jürgen Kuschyk, Axel Kloppe, Stephan Schmidt-Schweda, Hendrik Bonnemeier, Benny Rousso, Susanne Röger
This article provides a technical description of common implant practice for delivery of cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) therapy to heart failure patients. As of September 2016, the authors of this article collectively have been involved with more than 400 system implantations in five medical centers, beginning with the advent of CCM therapy approximately 12 years ago. CCM therapy has been evaluated in a variety of studies, and was shown to be safe and effective and of benefit to patient quality of life and exercise capacity...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498888/cardiomyocyte-specific-loss-of-mitochondrial-p32-c1qbp-causes-cardiomyopathy-and-activates-stress-responses
#16
Toshiro Saito, Takeshi Uchiumi, Mikako Yagi, Rie Amamoto, Daiki Setoyama, Yuichi Matsushima, Dongchon Kang
Aims: Mitochondria are important organelles, dedicated to energy production. Mitochondrial p32/C1qbp, which functions as an RNA and protein chaperone, interacts with mitochondrial mRNA and is indispensable for mitochondrial function through its regulation of mitochondrial translation in cultured cell lines. However, the precise role of p32/C1qbp in vivo is poorly understood because of embryonic lethality in the systemic p32-deficient mouse. The goal of this study was to examine the physiological function of mitochondrial p32/C1qbp in the heart...
May 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491808/cardiac-contractility-modulation-therapy-are-there-superresponders
#17
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Azam Shafquat, Yaseen Mallawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485381/regulation-of-cardiomyocyte-behavior-in-zebrafish-trabeculation-by-neuregulin-2a-signaling
#18
S Javad Rasouli, Didier Y R Stainier
Trabeculation is crucial for cardiac muscle growth in vertebrates. This process requires the Erbb2/4 ligand Neuregulin (Nrg), secreted by the endocardium, as well as blood flow/cardiac contractility. Here, we address two fundamental, yet unresolved, questions about cardiac trabeculation: why does it initially occur in the ventricle and not the atrium, and how is it modulated by blood flow/contractility. Using loss-of-function approaches, we first show that zebrafish Nrg2a is required for trabeculation, and using a protein-trap line, find that it is expressed in both cardiac chambers albeit with different spatiotemporal patterns...
May 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450452/nanonet-force-microscopy-for-measuring-forces-in-single-smooth-muscle-cells-of-human-aorta
#19
Alexander Hall, Patrick Chan, Kevin Sheets, Matthew Apperson, Christopher Delaughter, Thomas G Gleason, Julie A Phillippi, Amrinder Nain
A number of innovative methods exist to measure cell-matrix adhesive forces, which have yet to accurately describe and quantify the intricate interplay of a cell and its fibrous extracellular matrix (ECM). In cardiovascular pathologies, such as aortic aneurysm, new knowledge on the involvement of cell-matrix forces could lead to elucidation of disease mechanisms. To better understand this dynamics we measured primary human aortic single smooth muscle cell (SMC) forces using nanonet force microscopy (NFM) in both inside-out (I-O intrinsic contractility) and outside-in (O-I external perturbation) modes...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428008/force-development-and-intracellular-ca-2-in-intact-cardiac-muscles-from-gravin-mutant-mice
#20
Zhitao Li, Sonal Singh, Santosh V Suryavanshi, Wengang Ding, Xiaoxu Shen, Cori S Wijaya, Wei Dong Gao, Bradley K McConnell
Gravin (AKAP12) is an A-kinase-anchoring-protein that scaffolds protein kinase A (PKA), β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR), protein phosphatase 2B and protein kinase C. Gravin facilitates β2-AR-dependent signal transduction through PKA to modulate cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and its removal positively affects cardiac contraction. Trabeculae from the right ventricles of gravin mutant (gravin-t/t) mice were employed for force determination. Simultaneously, corresponding intracellular Ca(2+) transient ([Ca(2+)]i) were measured...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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