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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331348/effects-of-l-tryptophan-on-the-growth-intestinal-enzyme-activities-and-non-specific-immune-response-of-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-selenka-exposed-to-crowding-stress
#1
Endong Zhang, Shuanglin Dong, Fang Wang, Xiangli Tian, Qinfeng Gao
In order to reveal the effects of l-tryptophan (Trp) on the physiology and immune response of sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka) exposed to crowding stress, four density groups of sea cucumbers (i.e. 4, 8, 16 and 32 individuals per 40 L water, represented as L, ML, MH and H) were fed with diets containing 0, 1, 3 and 5% l-tryptophan respectively for 75 days. The results showed that the specific growth rates (SGR) of the sea cucumber fed with diet with 3% Trp (L, 2.1; ML, 1.76; MH, 1.2; H, 0.7) were significantly higher than those fed with basal diet without Trp supplementation (P < ...
January 10, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325174/safety-evaluation-of-zinc-methionine-in-laying-hens-effects-on-laying-performance-clinical-blood-parameters-organ-development-and-histopathology
#2
N N Chen, B Liu, P W Xiong, Y Guo, J N He, C C Hou, L X Ma, D Y Yu
The study was conducted to investigate whether high-dose zinc methionine (Zn-Met) affected the safety of laying hens, including laying performance, hematological parameters, serum chemical parameters, organ index, and histopathology. A total of 540 20-week-old Hy-Line White laying hens was randomly allocated to 6 groups with 6 replicates of 15 birds each. Birds were fed diets supplemented with 0 (control), 70, 140, 350, 700, or 1,400 mg Zn/kg diet as Zn-Met. The experiment lasted for 8 wk after a 2-week acclimation period...
January 8, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305993/dietary-supplementation-of-probiotic-bacillus-licheniformis-dahb1-improves-growth-performance-mucus-and-serum-immune-parameters-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-as-well-as-resistance-against-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-tilapia-oreochromis-mossambicus
#3
Narayanan Gobi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Jiann-Chu Chen, Ravichandran Rekha, Sekar Vijayakumar, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya
The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzyme activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1), and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304440/evaluation-of-an-insect-meal-of-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-as-soybean-substitute-intestinal-morphometry-enzymatic-and-microbial-activity-in-laying-hens
#4
Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Maria Messina, Francesca Tulli, Basilio Randazzi, Ike Olivotto, Laura Gasco, Rosa Loponte, Fulvia Bovera
This research investigated the ileum morphometry and enzymatic activity, the caecal volatile fatty acid production and the apparent nutrient digestibility in laying hens fed a Hermetia illucens larvae meal (HILM) as a complete replacement of diet soybean meal (SBM). The hens fed HILM exhibited a lower live weight (P<0.05) and a higher incidence of the full digestive tract (P<0.05) than the SBM group. In the duodenum, the maltase exhibited a higher (P<0.05) activity in the HILM group while the intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) had a higher (P<0...
December 27, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304153/effects-of-dietary-level-of-tannic-acid-and-protein-on-internal-organ-weights-and-biochemical-blood-parameters-of-rats
#5
Marcin Barszcz, Marcin Taciak, Anna Tuśnio, Jacek Skomiał
Tannic acid (TA) is a polyphenolic compound with a health-promoting potential for humans. It is hypothesised that TA effects on the relative weight of internal organs and biochemical blood indices are modified by dietary protein level in rats. The study involved 72 rats divided into 12 groups fed diets with 10 or 18% of crude protein (CP) and supplemented with 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5 or 2% of TA. After 3 weeks of feeding, the relative weight of the caecum was greater in rats fed TA diets, while feeding diets with 10% of CP increased the relative weight of the stomach, small intestine and caecum, but decreased that of kidneys and spleen...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303609/buffering-agent-induced-lactose-content-increases-via-growth-hormone-mediated-activation-of-gluconeogenesis-in-lactating-goats
#6
L Li, M L He, Y Liu, Y S Zhang
Dairy goats are often fed a high-concentrate (HC) diet to meet their lactation demands; however, long-term concentrate feeding is unhealthy and leads to milk yield and lactose content decreases. Therefore, we tested whether a buffering agent is able to increase the output of glucose in the liver and influence lactose synthesis. Eight lactating goats were randomly assigned to two groups: one group received a HC diet (Concentrate : Forage = 6:4, HG) and the other group received the same diet with a buffering agent added (0...
January 5, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299589/hypolipidemic-effect-and-protection-ability-of-liver-kidney-functions-of-melanin-from-lachnum-ym226-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#7
Fang Shi, Jinglei Li, Liuqing Yang, Guohua Hou, Ming Ye
In the present study, we investigated the hypolipidemic properties of melanin from Lachnum YM226 (LM) in high-fat diet induced hyperlipidemic mice. After the hyperlipidemic model was established, mice were randomly divided into six groups, as follows: normal control group (NC), hyperlipidemic control group (HC), positive control group (7 mg kg-1 d-1 simvastatin) (PC) and LM groups (50, 100 and 200 mg kg-1 d-1 denoted as LM-50, LM-100 and LM-200, respectively). Subsequently, the body weight, organ indices, lipid metabolism, antioxidant properties and liver-kidney functions of the mice were examined...
January 4, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289517/-dietary-acid-load-a-novel-target-for-the-nephrologist
#8
Philippe Chauveau, Catherine Lasseur, Céline Nodimar, Mathilde Prezelin-Reydit, Stanislas Trolonge, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The acid production of endogenous origin depends mainly on the metabolism of the food and varies with the nature of these. Of the order of 1mEq/kg/day for contemporary food in industrialized countries, it is reduced by more than one third among vegetarians and close to neutrality among vegans. The dietary acid load is eliminated by the normal kidneys, thus maintaining the acid-base equilibrium. In the setting of CKD, it will overflow the capacities of the nephrons, generating a retention of H+ ions, promoting subclinical acidosis...
December 27, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284147/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-four-strains-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-growth-immune-related-response-and-genes-expression-of-the-juvenile-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-selenka
#9
Chao Li, Yichao Ren, Senhao Jiang, Shun Zhou, Jinshan Zhao, Renjie Wang, Yongmei Li
A feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of four strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) [i.e. Lactobacillus plantarum LL11 (LP), Weissella confuse LS13 (WC), Lactococcus lactis LH8 (LL) and Enterococcus faecalis LC3 (ES)] isolated from marine fish on growth, immune response and expression levels of immune-related gens in body wall of juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus. As a result, sea cucumber had better growth performance fed supplementation of LP and ES than the control group (P < ...
December 25, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282608/dietary-application-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-plantarum-426951-enhances-immune-status-and-growth-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-vaccinated-against-yersinia-ruckeri
#10
Mehdi Soltani, Komael Pakzad, Ali Taheri-Mirghaed, Saeed Mirzargar, Seyed Pezhman Hosseini Shekarabi, Parasto Yosefi, Narges Soleymani
This study was aimed to assess the effect of oral application of Lactobacillus plantarum (2 × 107 CFU g-1 feed) as a probiotic on growth performance and immune status of vaccinated rainbow trout (29.5 ± 2 g) to yersiniosis at 16 ± 2 °C for 72 days. Fish were randomly allocated into 12 fiber glass tanks (4100 L) at a density of 80 fish per tank (240 fish per treatment). The results revealed that the activity of lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in immunized fish fed with diet supplemented with probiotic (vaccine +probiotic) than that in the immunized group fed with basal diet (vaccine group) while no significant differences in levels of hematological parameters, complements, total IgM, proteins, and the intestine lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were detected...
December 27, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276795/effect-of-alternate-day-fasting-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-6-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Adrienne Barnosky, Cynthia M Kroeger, John F Trepanowski, Monica C Klempel, Surabhi Bhutani, Kristin K Hoddy, Kelsey Gabel, Sue A Shapses, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Alternate day fasting (ADF) is a novel diet therapy that reduces body weight, but its effect on bone health remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of ADF versus traditional daily calorie restriction (CR) on markers of bone metabolism in a 6-month randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Overweight and obese subjects (n = 100) were randomized to 1 of 3 groups for 6 months: 1) ADF (25% energy intake fast day, alternated with 125% intake feast day; 2) CR (75% intake every day); or 3) control (usual intake every day)...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274064/metabolic-and-bone-effects-of-high-fat-diet-in-adult-zebrafish
#12
Marta Carnovali, Livio Luzi, Ileana Terruzzi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Mariotti
An increase of visceral fat affects human bone health causing fragility, mechanical strength reduction, and increased propensity to fractures because of impaired bone matrix microstructure and aberrant bone cell function. Adult Danio rerio (zebrafish) represents a powerful model to study both metabolic diseases and bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to generate an obese adult zebrafish by high-fat diet and evaluate metabolic and bone tissue effects. Fish blood glucose and insulin levels were found to be altered in high-fat diet fish revealing a failure in β-cells insulin production...
December 22, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258754/the-effects-of-dietary-supplement-of-galactooligosaccharide-on-innate-immunity-immune-related-genes-expression-and-growth-performance-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#13
Samira Yousefi, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Hamed Paknejad, Abdolmajid Hajimoradloo
The present study investigates the effect of different levels of galactooligosaccharide (GOS) on innate immune parameters, immune related genes expression as well as growth performance in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Four hundred and twenty fish (mean weight 45 ± 0.1 mg) were supplied, randomly stocked in twelve aquaria assigned to four treatments. Zebrafish were fed with either control diet or control diet enriched with different levels (0.5, 1 and 2%) of GOS for eight weeks. At the end of feeding trial innate immune parameters (total immunoglobulin, total protein and alkaline phosphatase activity), immune related genes expression (interleukin 1 beta [il1b], Lysozyme [lyz], tumor necrosis factor alpha [tnf-alpha]) as well as growth performance were measured...
December 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246808/effects-of-glutathione-on-the-survival-growth-performance-and-non-specific-immunity-of-white-shrimps-litopenaeus-vannamei
#14
Zhenqiang Xia, Shengjun Wu
Reduced glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant non-enzymatic antioxidant present in mammalian cells and the main intracellular defence mechanism against oxidative stress. This study investigated the effects of GSH on survival rate, mean body gain weight, feed efficiency (FE), phenoloxidase (PO) activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity, GSH peroxidase (GPx) and susceptibility to Vibrio alginolyticus when Pacific white shrimps (Litopenaeus vannamei) were fed with GSH-containing diets...
December 12, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238429/the-effect-of-ongoing-vitamin-d-and-low-fat-milk-intake-on-bone-metabolism-in-female-high-school-endurance-runners
#15
Aoi Ikedo, Takuma Arimitsu, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
Background: Vitamin D and calcium are essential nutrients for bone health. In addition, vitamin D suppresses inflammatory cytokines and increases bone resorption. Therefore, improvements in bone health by calcium and vitamin D supplementation have the potential to not only improve calcium metabolism but also suppress inflammation associated with exercise training. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ongoing vitamin D supplementation and low-fat milk intake by female high-school endurance runners would improve bone metabolism by suppressing inflammatory cytokines and the parathyroid hormone (PTH)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235048/serum-lipid-enzyme-and-hematological-responses-of-broilers-fed-acacia-angustissima-leaf-meal-based-diets
#16
Sharai Ncube, Petronella Tapiwa Saidi, Musavengana Tapera Tivapasi, Venancio Edward Imbayarwo-Chikosi, Tinyiko Edward Halimani
The objective of the study was to determine serum lipid, enzyme, and hematological responses of broilers to Acacia angustissima leaf meal. Acacia angustissima leaves were harvested at mid maturity, ground into a leaf meal, and included in broiler diets at 0, 5, and 10%. One hundred and fifty-day-old chicks of 41.7 ± 1.560 g were randomly allocated to 15 groups of the three diets. Feed and water were provided ad libitum throughout the trial. At days 14, 28, and 42, 4 ml of blood were collected from the jugular vein in plain vacutainer tubes for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total cholesterol (TC) analyses...
December 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230001/diacylglycerol-triggers-rim101-pathway-dependent-necrosis-in-yeast-a-model-for-lipotoxicity
#17
Patrick Rockenfeller, Martin Smolnig, Jutta Diessl, Mina Bashir, Vera Schmiedhofer, Oskar Knittelfelder, Julia Ring, Joakim Franz, Ines Foessl, Muhammad J Khan, René Rost, Wolfgang F Graier, Guido Kroemer, Andreas Zimmermann, Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Tobias Eisenberg, Sabrina Büttner, Stephan J Sigrist, Ronald P Kühnlein, Sepp D Kohlwein, Campbell W Gourlay, Frank Madeo
The loss of lipid homeostasis can lead to lipid overload and is associated with a variety of disease states. However, little is known as to how the disruption of lipid regulation or lipid overload affects cell survival. In this study we investigated how excess diacylglycerol (DG), a cardinal metabolite suspected to mediate lipotoxicity, compromises the survival of yeast cells. We reveal that increased DG achieved by either genetic manipulation or pharmacological administration of 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG) triggers necrotic cell death...
December 11, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221627/alkaline-diet-and-metabolic-acidosis-practical-approaches-to-the-nutritional-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Larissa Rodrigues Neto Angéloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid-base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this in mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid-base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186997/western-diets-are-not-responsible-for-chronic-acid-retention-a-critical-analysis-of-organic-acid-and-phosphate-contribution
#19
Roberto Mioni, Giuseppe Mioni
According to usual literature, the diet-dependent endogenous production of titratable acidity (TA) is contributed by sulphuric and phosphoric acids (NA) and by metabolizable acids (MAs), representing 'net-endogenous acid production' (NEAP). NEAP is mainly neutralised by diet-dependent [Formula: see text] salts of inorganic cations ([Formula: see text]), estimated in foods, faeces and urine from inorganic cation-anion difference (NB). It is claimed that urinary loss of organic acids' anions, '[Formula: see text]', induces metabolizable H+ ions' retention...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175788/abrogation-of-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-ajwa-date-fruit-extract-through-ameliorating-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#20
Bakheet Elsadek, El-Sayed El-Sayed, Ahmed Mansour, Ayman Elazab
Ajwa, a variety of date palme Phoenix dactylifera L., has long been used and considered as one of the most popular fruits in the North Africa and Middle East region. For Muslims this fruit is of religious importance and is mentioned several times in Quran. Besides being a part of the Arabian essential diet, dates have been used traditionally for number of complications. This study aimed to evaluate the possible potential of Ajwa date extract to guard against carbon tetrachloride (CCL4)-induced liver damage in rats...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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