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Alkaline diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638882/possible-hypocholesterolemic-effect-of-ginger-and-rosemary-oils-in-rats
#1
Fatma A Eissa, Hani Choudhry, Wesam H Abdulaal, Othman A Baothman, Mustafa Zeyadi, Said S Moselhy, Mazin A Zamzami
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for development of atherosclerosis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential effect of ginger oil alone or combined with rosemary oil as hypocholesterolemic agent in rats fed high fat diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy female albino rats (n=80) weighting about (150-180 g) were included in this study divided into two equal groups; Group (I): were fed on the basal diet. Group (I) were divided into 4 subgroups each 10: Group (Ia): negative control...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631910/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-among-young-rural-residents
#2
A V Sin'kov, I N Volosatova, G M Sin'kova, L A Nikolaeva
AIM: To determine the prevalence of nephrolithiasis, assess the significance of known risk factors, and identify new risk factors for nephrolithiasis among young rural residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 settlements of the Irkutsk rural district of the Irkutsk region and involved 408 inhabitants (93 men, 315 women) aged from 18 to 47 years. The selection of candidates for the study was randomized. The response of the population was 81...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630394/moringa-oleifera-based-diet-protects-against-nickel-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#3
Stephen Adeyemi Oluyomi, Sokolayemji Aroge Cincin, Adewumi Akanji Musbau
Multiple health-promoting effects have been attributed to the consumption of Moringa oleifera leaves, as part of diet without adequate scientific credence. This study evaluated the effect of M. oleifera-based diets on nickel (Ni) - induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Male rats assigned into six groups were given oral administration of 20 mg/kg body weight nickel sulfate in normal saline and either fed normal diet or M. oleifera-based diets for 21 days. All animals were sacrificed under anesthesia 24 hours after the last treatment...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624469/effects-of-protein-sources-on-growth-immunity-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-juvenile-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata-martensii
#4
Chuangye Yang, Ruijuan Hao, Yuewen Deng, Yongshan Liao, Qingheng Wang, Ruijiao Sun, Yu Jiao, Xiaodong Du
In this study, we formulated five diets, namely, P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5, with Chlorella sp. powder, Spirulina platensis powder, yeast powder, soybean meal and corn gluten, respectively, as major protein sources. A feeding experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of formulated diets on the growth performance, immunity and antioxidant and biomineralization capacity of juvenile pearl oyster (Pinctada fucata martensii). In the experiments, the five groups were separately fed with P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 diets...
June 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622357/protective-effect-of-aplysin-on-liver-tissue-and-the-gut-microbiota-in-alcohol-fed-rats
#5
Meilan Xue, Ying Liu, Rui Lyu, Na Ge, Man Liu, Yan Ma, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the protective effect of aplysin on the liver and its influence on inflammation and the gut microbiota in rats with ethanol-induced liver injury. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to an alcohol-containing liquid diet, control liquid diet or treatment with aplysin for 8 weeks. Hepatic and intestinal histopathological analysis was performed, and cytokine levels and the intestinal mucosal barrier were assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620618/histopathological-and-reproductive-evaluation-in-male-rats-fed-jatropha-curcas-seed-cake-with-or-without-alkaline-hydrolysis-and-subjected-to-heat-treatment
#6
Laiane Teixeira Sousa Moura, Domenica Palomaris Mariano Souza, Simone Mendonça, José Antônio de Aquino Ribeiro, Luciano Fernandes Sousa, Adriano Tony Ramos, Paulo César Maiorka, Vera Lúcia de Araújo, Viviane Mayumi Maruo
Jatropha curcas cake, a by-product of biodiesel production, is rich in protein and has potential to be used in livestock feed; however, the presence of antinutritional factors and phorbol esters limits its use. Thus, this study investigated toxicological and reproductive effects in male Wistar rats after subchronic exposure to J. curcas cake subjected to detoxification procedures. Rats were divided into seven groups (n = 10) and treated for 60 days. The control group received commercial feed, while experimental groups received a diet containing 5% J...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587577/vitamin-k2-can-suppress-the-expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-tlr2-and-tlr4-and-inhibit-calcification-of-aortic-intima-in-apoe-mice-as-well-as-smooth-muscle-cells
#7
Zhaojun Wang, Zhongqun Wang, Jie Zhu, Xinguang Long, Jinchuan Yan
Background and objectives Vascular calcification is a common complication in atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence showed that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate pro-inflammatory and atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that vascular calcification is one of the detrimental effects of vitamin K (Vit K) antagonists. However, the effects of Vit K on the expression of TLR2 and 4 and intimal calcification in artery remained unidentified. Methods and results Eighteen ApoE(-/-) mice were randomly divided into model group, Vit K-treated group, and control group...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578702/supplementation-of-syzygium-cumini-seed-powder-prevented-obesity-glucose-intolerance-hyperlipidemia-and-oxidative-stress-in-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#8
Anayt Ulla, Md Ashraful Alam, Biswajit Sikder, Farzana Akter Sumi, Md Mizanur Rahman, Zaki Farhad Habib, Mostafe Khalid Mohammed, Nusrat Subhan, Hemayet Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza
BACKGROUND: Obesity and related complications have now became epidemic both in developed and developing countries. Cafeteria type diet mainly composed of high fat high carbohydrate components which plays a significant role in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study investigated the effect of Syzygium cumini seed powder on fat accumulation and dyslipidemia in high carbohydrate high fat diet (HCHF) induced obese rats. METHOD: Male Wistar rats were fed with HCHF diet ad libitum, and the rats on HCHF diet were supplemented with Syzygium cumini seed powder for 56 days (2...
June 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552875/egg-white-hydrolysate-can-be-a-low-allergenic-food-material-to-suppress-ectopic-fat-accumulation-in-rats-fed-an-equicaloric-diet
#9
Masaru Ochiai, Kohei Misaki, Toshiki Takeuchi, Ryoyo Narumi, Yoshiyuki Azuma, Tatsuhiro Matsuo
Egg white (EW) is known as a nutritional protein but can induce allergic reactions in humans. We investigated the dietary effects of EW and its hydrolysate (EWH), which contains less allergen, on body fat accumulation in Wistar rats fed an equicaloric high-fat and high-sucrose diet for 8 wk (Exp A). The pair-feeding of EW and equicaloric-feeding of EWH increased fecal fat excretion and suppressed lipid accumulation in the liver and muscles but not in the abdominal adipose tissues, carcass, or total body. Dietary EWH also suppressed the serum glucose level and alkaline phosphatase activity...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547997/effect-of-purine-nucleosides-on-growth-performance-gut-morphology-digestive-enzymes-serum-profile-and-immune-response-in-broiler-chickens
#10
A Daneshmand, Hassan Kermanshahi, M Danesh Mesgaran, A J King, S A Ibrahim
1. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of purine nucleosides on performance, gut morphology, intestinal enzymes and immunity functions in broiler chickens from 0 to 21 d of age. 2. A total of 360 1-d-old male chickens (Cobb 500) were randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 6 replications. Experimental diets consisted of a control without any additives and diets containing 0.1% pure adenosine, 0.1% pure guanosine and 0.1% equal aliquots of pure adenosine and guanosine. Two birds per cage (12 birds per treatment) were killed on d 11 and 21 in order to obtain serum samples for lipid profile, jejunal samples for morphology and mucosal immunity, digestive enzymes for epithelial maturation, and bursa and spleen samples for relative weight of immune organs to live body weight...
June 12, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533541/development-of-a-novel-chronic-kidney-disease-mouse-model-to-evaluate-the-progression-of-hyperphosphatemia-and-associated-mineral-bone-disease
#11
Takashi Tani, Hideo Orimo, Akira Shimizu, Shuichi Tsuruoka
Medial arterial calcification (MAC) and renal osteodystrophy are complications of mineral bone disease (MBD) associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to develop a novel mouse model to investigate the clinical course of CKD-MBD. Eight-week-old C57BL/6 J male mice were assigned to the following groups: the control group, fed a standard chow for 6 or 12 weeks; the CKD-normal phosphorus (NP) group, fed a chow containing 0.2% adenine, with normal (0.8%) phosphorus, for 6 or 12 weeks; and the CKD-high phosphorus (HP) group, fed 6 weeks with the 0...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499965/effects-of-dietary-dandelion-extracts-on-growth-performance-body-composition-plasma-biochemical-parameters-immune-responses-and-disease-resistance-of-juvenile-golden-pompano-trachinotus-ovatus
#12
Xiaohong Tan, Zhenzhu Sun, Shu Chen, Silin Chen, Zhong Huang, Chuanpeng Zhou, Cuiyun Zou, Qingying Liu, Huaqun Ye, Heizhao Lin, Chaoxia Ye, Anli Wang
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary dandelion extracts (DE) supplementation on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, plasma biochemical indices, immune responses, hepatic antioxidant abilities, and resistance to the pathogen Vibrio harveyi in Trachinotus ovatus. A basal diet supplemented with DE at 0, 0.50, 1.00, 2.00, 4.00 and 10.00 g kg(-1) were fed to golden pompano for 8 weeks. The study indicated that dietary supplementation with DE could significantly improve final body weight (FBW), weight gain rate (WGR), specific growth rate (SGR), feed efficiency ratio (FER), feed intake (FI), protein efficiency ratio (PER) and protein deposit rate (PDR) (P < 0...
May 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498349/desalted-duck-egg-white-peptides-promote-calcium-uptake-and-modulate-bone-formation-in-the-retinoic-acid-induced-bone-loss-rat-and-caco-2-cell-model
#13
Tao Hou, Yanshuang Liu, Nikolai Kolba, Danjun Guo, Hui He
Desalted duck egg white peptides (DPs) have been proven to promote calcium uptake in Caco-2 cells and rats treated with a calcium-deficient diet. The retinoic acid-induced bone loss model was used to evaluate the effect of DPs on calcium absorption and bone formation. Three-month-old Wistar female rats were treated with 0.9% saline, DPs (800 mg/kg), or alendronate (5 mg/kg) for three weeks immediately after retinoic acid treatment (80 mg/kg) once daily for two weeks. The model group was significantly higher in serum bone alkaline phosphatase than the other three groups (p < 0...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493372/glycosuria-and-hyperglycemia-in-the-neonatal-period-as-the-first-clinical-sign-of-fanconi-bickel-syndrome
#14
María Pilar Bahíllo-Curieses, Rebeca Garrote-Molpeceres, María Miñambres-Rodríguez, M Rosa Del Real-Llorente, Cristina Tobar-Mideros, Sara Rellán-Rodríguez
Fanconi-Bickel syndrome is a rare inherited disease characterized by the combination of hepatorenal glycogen accumulation, proximal renal tubular dysfunction and impaired utilization of glucose and galactose. The first symptoms of the disorder are recognized in late infancy as clinical characteristics appear. Therapeutic approach is mainly conservative with supplements of calcium, phosphate and vitamin D and small frequent feedings to avoid hypoglycemia. We report 1 clinical case of very early diagnosis, a 19 days old baby girl, in which the first clinical sign of the disease was the detection of glycosuria and vomits...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489557/reduced-bone-mineral-density-in-chinese-children-with-phenylketonuria
#15
Kundi Wang, Ming Shen, Honglei Li, Xiaowen Li, Chun He
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. Dietary control of classic PKU needs restriction of natural proteins. The diet results in unbalanced nutrition, which might affect the physical development of the patients. Our aim was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in children with PKU. METHODS: To investigate the BMD of children with PKU, 41 children with PKU and 64 healthy controls were recruited (all 3-4 years of age). Body weight and height, BMD, Phe blood levels, thyroid function, calcium, phosphorus, iron metabolism markers, and vitamin D3 were measured...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482677/subsequent-bone-and-metabolic-responses-of-broilers-to-high-non-phytate-phosphorus-diets-in-the-starter-period
#16
N Baradaran, M H Shahir, Z Asadi Kermani
1. An experiment was performed to elucidate the subsequent effects of high-non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) diets on growth performance, blood metabolites, bone characteristics and P retention of broilers fed on low-NPP grower diets. The 42-d study was designed as a 2 × 2 × 2 + 1 factorial, which included two starter NPP concentrations (4.5 and 5.5 g/kg; d 0-21), two grower NPP concentrations (1.5 and 2.3 g/kg; d 22-42), with or without phytase (1000 FTU/kg), with a reference diet containing an adequate NPP concentration over the course of the trial...
May 31, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476667/paraprobiotic-preparation-from-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-fptb16-modulates-immune-response-and-immune-relevant-gene-expression-in-catla-catla-hamilton-1822
#17
Sukham Tushiba Singh, Dibyendu Kamilya, Biswanath Kheti, Biswajyoti Bordoloi, Janmejay Parhi
The present study evaluated the paraprobiotic effect of heat-inactivated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FPTB16 on immunological response and immune relevant gene expression in catla (Catla catla). Heat inactivation of viable cells of B. amyloliquefaciens was done at 60 °C for 2 h. For preparation of paraprobiotic supplemented diet, the heat-inactivated bacteria were added to the basal diet (control) at three different inclusion levels i.e., 10(7), 10(8) and 10(9) cells g(-1) diet. Fish (25.98 ± 2.57 g) were fed with these diets and various immune responses and immune relevant gene expressions were measured after 4 weeks of feeding...
May 2, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474303/chronic-don-exposure-and-acute-lps-challenge-effects-on-porcine-liver-morphology-and-function
#18
Lydia Renner, Stefan Kahlert, Tanja Tesch, Erik Bannert, Jana Frahm, Anikó Barta-Böszörményi, Jeannette Kluess, Susanne Kersten, Peter Schönfeld, Hermann-Josef Rothkötter, Sven Dänicke
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of chronic deoxynivalenol (DON) exposition on the liver morphology and function in combination with pre- and post-hepatic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stress in young pigs fed for 4 weeks with a DON-contaminated diet (4.59 mg/kg feed). At the end of the experiment, LPS (7.5 μg/kg BW) was administered for 1 h pre-hepatically (Vena portae hepatis) or post-hepatically (Vena jugularis). Liver morphology was macroscopically checked and showed haemorrhage in all LPS groups, significantly higher relative liver weights, accompanied by marked oedema in the gallbladder wall...
May 4, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464092/reducing-mineral-usage-in-feedlot-diets-for-nellore-cattle-ii-impacts-of-calcium-phosphorus-copper-manganese-and-zinc-contents-on-intake-performance-and-liver-and-bone-status
#19
L F Prados, D F T Sathler, B C Silva, D Zanetti, S C Valadares Filho, H M Alhadas, E Detmann, S A Santos, L D S Mariz, M L Chizzotti
Weaned Nellore bulls ( = 36; 274 ± 34 kg) were used in a randomized block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to evaluate intake, fecal excretion, and performance with different concentrations of minerals. Experimental diets were formulated with 2 concentrations of Ca and P (macromineral factor; diet supplying 100% of Ca and P according to BR-CORTE () [CaP+] or diet without limestone and dicalcium phosphate [CaP-]) and 2 concentrations of microminerals (micromineral factor; diet with supplementation of microminerals [Zn, Mn, and Cu; CuMnZn+] or diet without supplementation of microminerals [Zn, Mn, and Cu; CuMnZn-])...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447751/deep-sea-water-improves-hypercholesterolemia-and-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-through-the-regulation-of-hepatic-lipid-metabolic-gene-expression
#20
Kyu-Shik Lee, So-Young Chun, Yun-Suk Kwon, Soyoung Kim, Kyung-Soo Nam
A high‑fat diet or high‑cholesterol diet (HCD) is a major cause of metabolic diseases, including obesity and diabetes; vascular diseases, including hypertension, stroke and arteriosclerosis; and liver diseases, including hepatic steatosis and cirrhosis. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of deep sea water (DSW) on rats fed a HCD. DSW decreased HCD‑induced increases in total cholesterol and low‑density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the blood, and recovered high‑density lipoprotein cholesterol...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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