keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alkaline diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898887/effects-of-processing-treated-corn-stover-and-distillers-grains-on-performance-and-total-tract-digestion-of-finishing-cattle
#1
J L Gramkow, C J Bittner, M L Jolly-Breithaupt, D B Burken, G E Erickson, J C MacDonald
Two studies evaluated effects of replacing corn with a pellet containing alkaline treated corn stover, dried distillers' grains plus solubles (DDGS), and distillers' solubles on total tract digestion and performance of finishing cattle. Experiment 1 used 4 ruminally fistulated steers in a 4 × 6 Latin rectangle to evaluate total tract digestion. Treatments consisted of a control (CON) containing 50.3% dry-rolled corn (DRC), 40% modified distillers' grains plus solubles (MDGS), and 5% untreated corn stover. The next 2 treatments replaced 25% DRC (DM basis) with either a CaO-treated stover pellet (STOVPEL) or a pellet consisting of 64% CaO-treated corn stover, 18% DDGS, and 18% corn distillers' solubles (COMBPEL)...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866357/an-optimal-dietary-zinc-level-of-brown-egg-laying-hens-fed-a-corn-soybean-meal-diet
#2
Shizhen Qin, Lin Lu, Xichun Zhang, Xiudong Liao, Liyang Zhang, Yanli Guo, Xugang Luo
An experiment was conducted to estimate the optimal dietary zinc (Zn) level of brown-egg laying hens fed a corn-soybean meal diet from 20 to 40 weeks of age. A total of 120 20-week-old Beijing Red commercial laying hens were randomly allotted by bodyweight to one of five treatments with six replicates of four birds each in a completely randomized design, and fed a Zn-unsupplemented corn-soybean meal basal diet containing 27.95 mg Zn/kg by analysis and the basal diets supplemented with 30, 60, 90, or 120 mg Zn/kg as Zn sulfate (reagent grade ZnSO4·7H2O) for a duration of 20 weeks...
November 19, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865613/hyperglycemia-oxidative-stress-liver-damage-and-dysfunction-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rat-are-prevented-by-spirulina-supplementation
#3
Manel Gargouri, Christian Magné, Abdelfattah El Feki
Medicinal plants have long been used against life-threatening diseases including diabetes, with more or less success. Some of these plants have been shown to possess antioxidant activities, which could help improving diabetes inconveniences. In that context, we investigated the effects of spirulina supplementation on alloxan-induced diabetic rats, hypothesizing that co-administration of spirulina with rat diet could ameliorate diabetes complications and provide as benefits as the common antidiabetic insulin...
October 4, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818732/evaluation-of-some-biochemical-parameters-and-brain-oxidative-stress-in-experimental-rats-exposed-chronically-to-silver-nitrate-and-the-protective-role-of-vitamin-e-and-selenium
#4
Mouna Gueroui, Zine Kechrid
Due to undesirable hazardous interactions with biological systems, this investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effect of chronic exposure to silver on certain biochemical and some oxidative stress parameters with histopathological examination of brain, as well as the possible protective role of selenium and/or vitamin E as nutritional supplements. Thirty six male rats were divided into six groups of six each: the first group used as a control group. Group II given both vitamin E (400 mg/kg) of diet and selenium (Se) (1 mg/L) in their drinking water...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812153/a-90-day-feeding-study-in-rats-to-assess-the-safety-of-genetically-engineered-pork
#5
Gao-Jun Xiao, Sheng-Wang Jiang, Li-Li Qian, Chun-Bo Cai, Qing-Qing Wang, De-Zun Ma, Biao Li, Shan-Shan Xie, Wen-Tao Cui, Kui Li
Our laboratory recently produced genetically engineered (GE) Meishan pigs containing a ZFN-edited myostatin loss-of-function mutant. These GE pigs develop and grow as normal as wild type pigs but produce pork with greater lean yield and lower fat mass. To assess any potential subchronic toxicity risks of this GE pork, a 90-day feeding study was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were randomly divided into five groups, and fed for 90 days with basic diet and basic diets formulated with low dose and high dose pork prepared from wild type pigs and GE pigs, respectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798065/microenvironmental-heterogeneity-of-gut-compartments-drives-bacterial-community-structure-in-wood-and-humus-feeding-higher-termites
#6
Aram Mikaelyan, Katja Meuser, Andreas Brune
Symbiotic digestion of lignocellulose in higher termites (family Termitidae) is accomplished by an exclusively prokaryotic gut microbiota. By deep sequencing of amplified 16S rRNA genes, we had identified diet as the primary determinant of bacterial community structure in a broad selection of termites specialized on lignocellulose in different stages of humification. Here, we increased the resolution of our approach to account for the pronounced heterogeneity in microenvironmental conditions and microbial activities in the major hindgut compartments...
January 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789131/apocynin-and-enzymatically-modified-isoquercitrin-suppress-the-expression-of-a-nadph-oxidase-subunit-p22phox-in-steatosis-related-preneoplastic-liver-foci-of-rats
#7
Toshinori Yoshida, Hirotada Murayama, Masahi Kawashima, Rei Nagahara, Yumi Kangawa, Sayaka Mizukami, Masayoshi Kimura, Hajime Abe, Shim-Mo Hayashi, Makoto Shibutani
We determined effects of the NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibitor apocynin (APO) or the antioxidant enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ) on an early stage of hepatocarcinogenesis in the liver with steatosis. Male rats were given a single intraperitoneal injection of N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to subject to a two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis model. Two weeks later, rats were fed a HFD containing the lipogenic substance malachite green (MG), which were co-administered with EMIQ or APO in drinking water for 6 weeks...
October 24, 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774930/effects-of-dietary-grape-proanthocyanidins-on-the-growth-performance-jejunum-morphology-and-plasma-biochemical-indices-of-broiler-chicks
#8
J Y Yang, H J Zhang, J Wang, S G Wu, H Y Yue, X R Jiang, G H Qi
Grape proanthocyanidins (GPCs) are a family of naturally derived polyphenols that have aroused interest in the poultry industry due to their versatile role in animal health. This study was conducted to investigate the potential benefits and appropriate dosages of GPCs on growth performance, jejunum morphology, plasma antioxidant capacity and the biochemical indices of broiler chicks. A total of 280 newly hatched male Cobb 500 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into four treatments of seven replicates each, and were fed a wheat-soybean meal-type diet with or without (control group), 7...
October 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770798/protective-effects-of-saffron-extract-and-crocin-supplementation-on-fatty-liver-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#9
Maryam Mashmoul, Azrina Azlan, Norhafizah Mohtarrudin, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Huzwah Khaza'ai, Hock Eng Khoo, Mehdi Farzadnia, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki
BACKGROUND: Saffron is the dried stigma of Crocus sativus L. flower which commonly used as a natural remedy to enhance health and even fights disease in the Middle-East and Southeast Asian countries. METHODS: This study was aimed to investigate protective effect of saffron extract and crocin in fatty liver tissue of high-fat diet induced obese rats. A total of 36 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into six groups. Two groups served as controls, a normal diet (ND) and a high-fat diet (HFD)...
October 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740756/a-validated-lc-ms-ms-method-for-quantification-of-free-and-bound-lignans-in-cereal-based-diets-and-feces
#10
Natalja P Nørskov, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen
Despite the extensive literature describing the biological effects of phenolic compounds from cereals, little is known about their bioaccessibility in the food matrix. This paper describes a validated LC-MS/MS method for quantification of free and total content (free + bound) of eight plant lignans (matairesinol, hydroxymatairesinol, secoisolariciresinol, lariciresinol, isolariciresinol, syringaresinol, medioresinol and pinoresinol) and the two enterolignans (enterodiol and enterolactone) in cereal based diets/bread and feces...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722143/protective-effect-of-boiled-and-freeze-dried-mature-silkworm-larval-powder-against-diethylnitrosamine-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-mice
#11
Jae-Min Cho, Kee-Young Kim, Sang-Deok Ji, Eun-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a representative inflammation-associated cancer and known to be the most frequent tumors. HCC may also induce important pro- and anti-tumor immune reactions. However, the underlying mechanisms are unsatisfactorily identified. We investigated the protective effect of boiled and freeze-dried mature silkworm larval powder (BMSP) on diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. METHODS: Mice were fed with diet containing BMSP (0...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702676/oreochromis-mossambicus-diet-supplementation-with-psidium-guajava-leaf-extracts-enhance-growth-immune-antioxidant-response-and-resistance-to-aeromonas-hydrophila
#12
Narayanan Gobi, Chinnu Ramya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Balasubramanian Malaikozhundan, Sekar Vijayakumar, Kadarkarai Murugan, Giovanni Benelli
In this research, we focused on the efficacy of aqueous and ethanol leaf extracts of Psidium guajava L. (guava) based experimental diets on the growth, immune, antioxidant and disease resistance of tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus following challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila. The experimental diets were prepared by mixing powdered (1, 5 and 10 mg/g) aqueous and ethanol extract of guava leaf with commercial diet. The growth (FW, FCR and SGR), non-specific cellular immune (myeloperoxidase activity, reactive oxygen activity and reactive nitrogen activity) humoral immune (complement activity, antiprotease, alkaline phosphatase activity and lysozyme activity) and antioxidant enzyme responses (SOD, GPX, and CAT) were examined after 30 days of post-feeding...
October 1, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677483/effects-of-dietary-yeast-inclusion-and-acute-stress-on-post-prandial-whole-blood-profiles-of-dorsal-aorta-cannulated-rainbow-trout
#13
David Huyben, Aleksandar Vidakovic, Andreas Nyman, Markus Langeland, Torbjörn Lundh, Anders Kiessling
Yeast is a potential alternative to fish meal in diets for farmed fish, yet replacing more than 50 % of fish meal results in reduced fish growth. In a 4-week experiment, 15 rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were cannulated and fed three diets each week: 30 % fish meal as a control (FM); 60 % replacement of fish meal protein, on a digestible basis, with Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC); and 60 % replacement with Wickerhamomyces anomalus and S. cerevisiae mix (WA). Blood was collected at 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after feeding...
September 27, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636676/effects-of-arsenic-supplementation-in-feed-on-laying-performance-arsenic-retention-of-eggs-and-organs-biochemical-indices-and-endocrine-hormones
#14
X Y Zhang, M Y Zhou, L L Li, Y J Jiang, X T Zou
1. The primary objective of this experiment was to estimate the toxic effects of arsenic (As) supplementation in feed on laying performance, As retention of eggs and organs, serum biochemical indices and endocrine hormones in laying hens. 2. A total of 320 "Jinghong Number 1" hens, 56-week-old, were randomly allocated into four treatments of four replicates with 20 layers. Graded arsenical was added to the basal diet at As levels of 0, 17, 34 and 51 mg/kg, respectively, in the experimental diets. The trial lasted for 9 weeks including a 1 week for acclimatization...
September 16, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601445/pueraria-mirifica-alleviates-cortical-bone-loss-in-naturally-menopausal-monkeys
#15
Donlaporn Kittivanichhkul, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu, Phisit Khemawoot, Suchinda Malaivijitnond
Since the in vitro and in vivo anti-osteoporotic effects of Pueraria mirifica (PM) in rodents have been verified, its activity in menopausal monkeys was evaluated as required before it can be applicable for human use. In this study, postmenopausal osteoporotic monkeys were divided into two groups (five per group), and fed daily with standard diet alone (PMP0 group) or diet mixed with 1,000 mg/kg BW of PM powder (PMP1000 group) for 16 months. Every two months, the bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and bone geometry parameters (cortical area and thickness, and periosteal and endosteal circumference) at the distal radius and proximal tibia were determined using peripheral quantitative computed tomography together with plasma and urinary bone markers...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574828/role-of-dietary-ginger-zingiber-officinale-in-improving-growth-performances-and-immune-functions-of-labeo-rohita-fingerlings
#16
Venkatachalam Sukumaran, Se Chang Park, Sib Sankar Giri
This study evaluated the effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) as a feeding supplement on the growth, skin mucus immune parameters, and cytokine-related gene expression of Labeo rohita, and its susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Diets containing six different concentrations of dried ginger (0% [basal diet], 0.2% [G2], 0.4% [G4], 0.6% [G6], 0.8% [G8], and 1.0% [G10] were fed to fish (average weight: 12.3 g) for 60 days. Growth parameters were examined at 30 and 60 days post-feeding. Skin mucosal immune responses and gene expression were examined 60 days post-feeding...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558133/effects-of-brevibacillus-brevis-fjat-1501-bpa-on-growth-performance-faecal-microflora-faecal-enzyme-activities-and-blood-parameters-of-weaned-piglets
#17
Jianmei Che, Shaowen Ye, Bo Liu, Yuanyuan Deng, Qianqian Chen, Cibin Ge, Guohong Liu, Jieping Wang
A feeding expriment was performed to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with Brevibacillus brevis FJAT-1501-BPA fermentation on the growth performance, faecal microflora, faecal enzyme activities and blood parameters of weaned piglets. A total of 150 weaned piglets were randomly assigned to different treatments groups, which were fed the same basic diet supplemented with 10, 1, 0.1, 0.01 and 0 % B. brevis FJAT-1501-BPA fermentation. The results showed that a diet supplemented with 10 % B. brevis FJAT-1501-BPA fermentation could significantly increase the final body weight (P < 0...
August 24, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554427/effects-of-a-moderately-high-protein-diet-and-interval-aerobic-training-combined-with-strength-endurance-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-microarchitecture-and-turnover-in-obese-zucker-rats
#18
Elena Nebot, Virginia A Aparicio, Irene Coll-Risco, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, Johannes Schneider, Garyfallia Kapravelou, Patrick Heimel, Rosario Martínez, Ana Andrade, Paul Slezak, Heinz Redl, Jesús M Porres, María López-Jurado, Peter Pietschmann, Pilar Aranda
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is a public health concern in obesity-related diseases such as metabolic syndrome, and the protein level of the diets seem to be crucial for the development and maintenance of bone. The nature of exercise and whether exercise in combination with moderately high-protein dietary interventions could protect against potential bone mass deficits remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a moderately high-protein diet and interval aerobic training combined with strength-endurance exercise (IASE) protocol on bone status, and to assess potential interaction effects (i...
November 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532039/the-effects-of-varying-concentrations-of-dietary-protein-and-fat-on-blood-gas-hematologic-serum-chemistry-and-body-temperature-before-and-after-exercise-in-labrador-retrievers
#19
John Ober, Robert L Gillette, Thomas Craig Angle, Pamela Haney, Daniel J Fletcher, Joseph J Wakshlag
Optimal dietary protocols for the athletic canine are often defined by requirements for endurance athletes that do not always translate into optimal dietary interventions for all canine athletes. Prior research studying detection dogs suggests that dietary fat sources can influence olfaction; however, as fat is added to the diet the protein calories can be diminished potentially resulting in decreased red blood cell counts or albumin status. Optimal macronutrient profile for detection dogs may be different considering the unique work they engage in...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525412/dietary-silicon-intake-of-korean-young-adult-males-and-its-relation-to-their-bone-status
#20
Mi-Kyeong Choi, Mi-Hyun Kim
Accumulated data suggests a positive effect of silicon on bone health; however, limited research exists on the silicon content of foods. To further the understanding of the relationship between dietary silicon intake and bone health, a food composition database of commonly consumed foods in Korea is required. For quantitative data on the intake levels of silicon, we analyzed the silicon content of 365 food items commonly consumed in Korea using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry following microwave-assisted digestion...
August 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
keyword
keyword
27214
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"