keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ascites in cirrhosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917877/ascites-neutrophil-function-is-significantly-impaired-in-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis-but-can-be-restored-by-autologous-plasma-incubation
#1
Cornelius Engelmann, Christina Becker, Andreas Boldt, Toni Herta, Albrecht Boehlig, Katrin Splith, Moritz Schmelzle, Niklas Mueller, Sandra Krohn, Hans-Michael Tautenhahn, Michael Bartels, Ulrich Sack, Thomas Berg
Systemic immune cell dysfunction is a typical feature of liver diseases and increases the risk of bacterial infection, especially spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. We evaluated functional properties of neutrophil granulocytes in blood and ascites of patients both with and without decompensated cirrhosis. We collected blood and ascites samples from 63 patients with cirrhosis and eight without cirrhosis. Phagocytosis activity (PA) and oxidative burst activity (OBA) were evaluated after ex vivo stimulation with E...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917793/high-dose-oral-furosemide-with-salt-ingestion-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-ascites-of-liver-cirrhosis
#2
Tolga Yakar, Mehmet Demir, Ozlem Dogan, Alper Parlakgumus, Birol Ozer, Ender Serin
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of high-dose furosemide+salt orally by comparing HSS+ furosemide (i.v.) and repeated paracentesis in patients with RA. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 78 cirrhotic patients with RA, randomized into three groups: Group A (n= 25) i.v. furosemide (200-300 mg bid) and 3% hypotonic saline solution (HSS) (once or twice a day); Group B (n= 26) oral furosemide tablets (360-520 mg bid) and salt (2...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906429/the-role-of-the-enos-g894t-and-t-786c-gene-polymorphism-in-the-development-of-ascites-in-cirrhosis
#3
O Yildirim, A Yigit, Y Seckin, E Yesilada, G Gulbay, Y F Cagin, Z Aksungur, Y Bilgic, Y Türkoz, S Yologlu
OBJECTIVE: Increased nitric oxide (NO) production in cirrhotic patients causes splanchnic vasodilation, leading to the development of the hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome. One factor that influences plasma NO concentration is eNOS gene polymorphism; consequently, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the eNOS gene G894T and T-786C polymorphisms play any role in the development of ascites in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three groups were created: 70 cirrhotic patients with ascites, 69 cirrhotic participants without ascites (stable cirrhosis), and 60 healthy controls...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898694/no-increased-risk-for-primary-osteoarthritis-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Thomas Deleuran, Hendrik Vilstrup, Søren Overgaard, Peter Jepsen
OBJECTIVE: Chronic synovial inflammation causes primary osteoarthritis, but it is unknown whether chronic systemic inflammation does, too. Patients with cirrhosis have chronic systemic inflammation and therefore we examined the association between cirrhosis and primary osteoarthritis of the hip and knee. METHODS: In Danish healthcare databases we identified all residents over 60 years diagnosed with cirrhosis in 1994-2011, and for each of them we sampled five age- and gender-matched reference persons from the general population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896931/risk-of-empyema-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-and-cirrhosis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Te-Chun Shen, Chia-Hung Chen, Hsueh-Chou Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung
BACKGROUND: Empyema is an important complication for patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (CLDC). However, no study has investigated this relationship by using a population-based cohort study. METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Research Data of Taiwan to identify a cohort of 76,027 CLDC patients newly diagnosed in 2000-2010 and a comparison cohort without CLDC of same size matched by age, gender and the year of diagnosis. The occurrence of empyema was monitored until the end of 2011...
November 29, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890896/interventional-treatment-of-severe-portal-vein-thrombosis-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#6
Youichi Kawano, Satoru Murata, Nobuhiko Taniai, Masato Yoshioka, Atsushi Hirakata, Yoshiaki Mizuguchi, Tetsuya Shimizu, Tomohiro Kanda, Junji Ueda, Hideyuki Takada, Hiroshi Yoshida, Koho Akimaru, Shiro Onozawa, Shinichirou Kumita, Eiji Uchida
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare complication of liver transplantation which can lead to graft failure and patient death. Treatment can be difficult, especially in cases of PVT from the intrahepatic portal vein to the proximal jejunal veins. A 55-year-old woman had undergone living-donor liver transplantation with splenectomy for end-stage liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C with hepatocellular carcinoma. Ten months after transplantation, massive ascites and slight abdominal pain developed, and computed tomography revealed a PVT between the intrahepatic portal vein and the superior mesenteric vein...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888664/ebv-associated-but-hhv8-unrelated-double-hit-effusion-based-lymphoma
#7
Bo-Jung Chen, David Yen-Ting Chen, Chun-Chi Kuo, Shih-Sung Chuang
Effusion-based lymphoma is a rare and unique type of large B-cell lymphoma presenting in effusion without a mass lesion. It shares many clinicopathological features with primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), but is distinct from PEL by the absence of HHV8 association. Double hit lymphoma (DHL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma, defined by concurrent rearrangement of MYC and BCL2 or BCL6. DHL often presents as lymphadenopathy or an extranodal mass, but rarely occurs in effusion. Here we report a 61-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis presenting as massive ascites and left pleural effusion...
November 26, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864004/beta-adrenergic-blockade-and-decompensated-cirrhosis
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Reiberger, Mattias Mandorfer
Non-selective betablockers (NSBBs) remain the cornerstone of medical treatment of portal hypertension. The evidence for their efficacy to prevent variceal bleeding is derived from prospective trials, which largely excluded patients with refractory ascites and renal failure. In parallel to the increasing knowledge on portal hypertension-induced changes in systemic hemodynamics, cardiac function, and renal perfusion, emerging studies have raised concerns about harmful effects of NSBBs. Clinicians are facing an ongoing controversy on the use of NSBBs in patients with advanced cirrhosis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843430/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-another-case-of-a-successful-approach-to-treatment-of-hepatorenal-syndrome
#9
Luis Otávio Mocarzel, Jessica Bicca, Luiza Jarske, Thamires Oliveira, Pedro Lanzieri, Ronaldo Gismondi, Mario Luiz Ribeiro
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is defined as a failure of renal function, potentially reversible, in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites. Recently, a component of cardiomyopathy associated with HRS was described, but the use of positive inotropic medicine as part of the treatment of the acute phase has not been extensively evaluated. We report a second case in our hospital of a patient with HRS type I without previous heart disease, with secondary hemodynamic decompensation due to liver disease, in which the abnormalities in systolic function by speckle-tracking echocardiography were observed and could be reversed by the use of inotropes...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833470/a-case-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-the-setting-of-cirrhotic-ascites
#10
Nima M Shah, Natasha Ginzburg, Kristene Whitmore
Ascites is commonly found in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although conservative therapy is often the ideal choice of care with these patients who also have symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse, this may fail and surgical methods may be needed. Literature is limited regarding surgical repair of prolapse in the setting of ascites. The authors present the surgical evaluation and management of a 63-year-old woman with recurrent ascites from liver cirrhosis who failed conservative therapy. With adequate multidisciplinary care and medical optimization, this patient underwent surgical therapy with resolution of her symptomatic prolapse and improved quality of life...
2016: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830342/refractory-ascites-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-further-biological-support-of-intraperitoneal-steroid-treatment-as-a-suitable-therapeutical-option
#11
Yemil Atisha-Fregoso, Diego F Hernández-Ramírez, Elizabeth Olivares-Martínez, Carlos A Núñez-Alvarez, Luis Llorente, Gabriela Hernández-Molina
The objective of this report was to evaluate the ascitic fluid of a patient with refractory lupus ascites (proband) at different time points-pre- and post-intraperitoneal treatment with dexamethasone-using a multiparametric approach which included the presence of autoantibodies and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and a proteomic analysis. As controls, we studied two additional patients also with lupus ascites (only at basal evaluation) and two patients with ascites due to alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812069/frequency-of-different-types-of-gastric-varices-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-due-to-chronic-hepatitis-c
#12
Zamir Butt, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Muhammad Afzal, Irfan Younis, Muhammad Waqas, Hamna Atta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of different types of gastric varices in patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis. METHODS: The observational cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to August 2015 at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teaching Hospital, Gujrat, Pakistan, using non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients having liver cirrhosis only due to chronic hepatitis C virus, portal vein diameter >12mm or spleen size >12cm in long axis and ascites with no previous history of variceal banding were included...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805527/first-case-in-kazakhstan-of-successful-therapy-with-2-consecutive-direct-acting-antiviral-regimens-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-decompensated-liver-cirrhosis-on-a-liver-transplant-wait-list
#13
Kakharman Yesmembetov, Aiymkul Ashimkhanova, Kulpash Kaliaskarova
A 40-year-old man, diagnosed with decompensated liver cirrhosis because of hepatitis C virus, was on the wait list for a liver transplant when he began treatment with the direct-acting antivirals simeprevir 150 mg and sofosbuvir 400 mg. The patient demonstrated end of treatment virologic response at week 12, normal bilirubin, and alanine aminotransferase levels, resolution of ascites, with downgrading to subcompensated liver cirrhosis, and was removed from the liver transplant wait list. However, the patient did not comply with the recommended duration of the antiviral treatment of at least 16 weeks, which resulted in hepatitis C virus relapse at posttreatment week 12...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795726/serum-c-reactive-protein-in-children-with-liver-disease-and-ascites
#14
Gholamreza Kalvandi, Naser Honar, Bita Geramizadeh, Maryam Ataollahi, Asghar Rahmani, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of peritonitis as a complication of cirrhosis is an important clinical problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum C-reactive protein levels as a diagnostic factor for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in child patients with liver disease. METHODS: In this study, 150 children diagnosed with liver disease and ascites upon admission to Nemazee Teaching Hospital (Shiraz, Iran) were examined...
August 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792277/association-of-umbilical-hernia-with-volume-of-ascites-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Ran Wang, Xingshun Qi, Ying Peng, Han Deng, Jing Li, Zheng Ning, Junna Dai, Feifei Hou, Jiancheng Zhao, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Umbilical hernia is a common abdominal complication in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Our study aimed to evaluate the correlation of umbilical hernia with the volume of ascites. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients that underwent axial abdomino-pelvic computed tomography (CT) scans at our hospital between June 2012 and June 2014 were eligible. All CT images were reviewed to confirm the presence of umbilical hernia. The volume of ascites was estimated by five-point method...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785319/new-biochemical-parameters-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-ascitic-fluids
#16
Anabela Angeleri, Adriana Rocher, Beatriz Caracciolo, Marcela Pandolfo, Luis Palaoro, Beatriz Perazzi
BACKGROUND: In the cases of ascitis, it is essential to determine their origin using the parameters obtained by the cytological and biochemical examinations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of different biochemical markers and the number of cells in the differential diagnosis of ascitic fluid (AF). METHODS: One hundred ninety-one cases of AF were studied, who were admitted to the hospital from January 01, 2009 to December 31, 2014. One hundred fifty-two of them were included in the analysis, and the remaining 39 were excluded because they had more than one associated pathology, clotted or hemolyzed...
February 2016: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784425/-risk-factors-for-early-rebleeding-after-esophageal-variceal-ligation-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
J N Zhou, Z Wei, Z Q Sun
Objective: To investigate the risk factors for early rebleeding after esophageal variceal ligation (EVL) through a multicenter retrospective study. Methods: A total of 3289 patients who were hospitalized and underwent EVL in 17 upper second-class hospitals or hospitals of higher classes from January 1999 to May 2015 were collected and screened according to the exclusion criteria. A total of 2531 patients were screened out, and a retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data including age, sex, endoscopic findings, and results of laboratory examination (liver function, biochemical results, routine blood test, and coagulation function) to collect related data...
July 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783343/outcomes-after-surgery-for-benign-and-malignant-small-bowel-obstruction
#18
Lauren M Wancata, Zaid M Abdelsattar, Pasithorn A Suwanabol, Darrell A Campbell, Samantha Hendren
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common diagnosis; however, outcomes of and risk factors for SBO and malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) surgery are not well understood. We sought to characterize outcomes and risk factors for surgery for SBO and MBO. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed utilizing prospectively collected data from the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (7/2012-3/2015). Cases included those with ICD9 diagnosis code of bowel obstruction and CPT codes for lysis of adhesions, intestinal bypass, and small bowel resection...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779785/development-and-validation-of-a-mathematical-equation-to-estimate-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-cirrhosis-the-royal-free-hospital-cirrhosis-glomerular-filtration-rate
#19
Maria Kalafateli, Fred Wickham, Maria Burniston, Evangelos Cholongitas, Eleni Theocharidou, Matteo Garcovich, James O'Beirne, Rachel Westbrook, Gioacchino Leandro, Andrew K Burroughs, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis
: Current expressions based on serum creatinine concentration overestimate kidney function in cirrhosis, leading to significant differences between "true" and calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We compared the performance of the four-variable and six-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease and chronic kidney disease epidemiology with "true," or measured, GFR (mGFR) and the impact of this difference on Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) calculation. We subsequently developed and validated a GFR equation specifically for cirrhosis and compared the performance of the new derived formula with existing GFR formulae...
October 25, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775818/rifaximin-has-no-effect-on-hemodynamics-in-decompensated-cirrhosis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Nina Kimer, Julie Steen Pedersen, Troels Malte Busk, Lise Lotte Gluud, Lise Hobolth, Aleksander Krag, Søren Møller, Flemming Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Decompensated cirrhosis is characterized by disturbed systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics. Bacterial translocation from the gut is considered the key driver in this process. Intestinal decontamination with rifaximin may improve hemodynamics. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial investigates the effects of rifaximin on hemodynamics, renal function and vasoactive hormones. METHODS: We randomized 54 stable out-patients with cirrhosis and ascites to rifaximin 550 mg BD (n=36) or placebo BD (n=18)...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
keyword
keyword
27211
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"