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Cirrhotic ascites

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657612/deal-a-death-blow-hcc-in-cirrhotics-thrombotic-complications-their-frequency-characteristics-and-risk-factors
#1
Khalid Mahmood, Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Aamer Mahmood, Syed Muhammad, Noor Muhammad
Introduction: The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), being the commonest primary cancer, holds the sixth slot in the list of common cancers worldwide. Thrombotic complications in the form of portal vein tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and bland portal vein thrombosis with HCC are common with a bad prognosis. Aim: The study aims to determine the demographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters of HCC patients. The study also compares the clinical and biochemical parameters among patients having HCC with and without thrombotic complication...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623218/the-influence-of-a-peritoneovenous-shunt-for-cirrhotic-and-malignant-intractable-ascites-on-renal-function
#2
Takafumi Segawa, Kenichi Kato, Kazuya Kawashima, Tomohiro Suzuki, Shigeru Ehara
Background: Peritoneovenous shunts (PVS) are widely used for palliation of intractable ascites caused by peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) or liver cirrhosis (LC). Some patients who need PVS have renal dysfunction. However, renal dysfunction is considered a relative contraindication. Therefore, it is important to assess renal function before PVS placement. Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between PVS and renal function. Material and Methods: Between October 2007 and July 2015, 60 patients (PC = 47; LC = 10; others = 3) underwent PVS placement for intractable ascites...
March 2018: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604585/oncogenic-long-noncoding-rna-malat1-and-hcv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Eman A Toraih, Alia Ellawindy, Salma Y Fala, Essam Al Ageeli, Nawal S Gouda, Manal S Fawzy, Somaya Hosny
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The oncogenic function of the long non-coding RNA; metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in HCC remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate MALAT1 serum expression profile in HCC and explore its relation to the clinicopathological features. Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction was applied in 70 cohorts (30 HCC, 20 HCV, 20 controls). Further meta-analysis of clinical studies and in vitro validated experiments was employed...
March 28, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577037/chylous-ascites-a-review-of-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Richa Bhardwaj, Haleh Vaziri, Arun Gautam, Enrique Ballesteros, David Karimeddini, George Y Wu
Chylous ascites (CA) is a rare form of ascites that results from the leakage of lipid-rich lymph into the peritoneal cavity. This usually occurs due to trauma and rupture of the lymphatics or increased peritoneal lymphatic pressure secondary to obstruction. The underlying etiologies for CA have been classified as traumatic, congenital, infectious, neoplastic, postoperative, cirrhotic or cardiogenic. Since malignancy and cirrhosis account for about two-thirds of all the cases of CA in Western countries, in this article we have attempted to reclassify CA based on portal and non-portal etiologies...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577030/eus-guided-gall-bladder-drainage-in-severe-liver-disease-a-single-center-experience-in-critically-ill-cirrhotics
#5
Kapil Dev Jamwal, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Rakhi Maiwall, Barjesh Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Background and Aims : Acute calculous cholecystitis with impending gall bladder perforation in severe liver diseases including decompensated cirrhosis and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is difficult to manage, due to the procedures such as cholecystectomy and per cutaneous cholecystostomy being associated with high risk and complications in these patients. Methods : Four cases of severe liver disease with acute calculous cholecystitis who presented to the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (New Delhi, India) for further management were included in the study if they underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided gall bladder drainage (EUS-GBD)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576494/combined-fluoroscopy-and-ultrasound-guided-transjugular-kidney-biopsy-in-cirrhotic-patients
#6
Shahnawaz Bashir, Amar Mukund, Ruzina Firdose Syed, Suman Lata Nayak, Archana Rastogi, Shiv K Sarin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and diagnostic yield of combined fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guided transjugular kidney biopsy (TJKB) in cirrhotic patients with suspected renal parenchymal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was made of 27 patients (21 men; overall mean age 44.7 y) who underwent TJKB from June 2013 to June 2016; 21 patients had coagulopathy and/or thrombocytopenia, 4 underwent simultaneous TJKB with transjugular liver biopsy, and 1 patient each had severe obesity and gross ascites...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561972/impact-of-microbiological-changes-on-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-in-three-different-periods-over-17-years
#7
Paulo Roberto Lerias de Almeida, Gabriel Stefani Leão, Charlles David Gonçalves Gonçalves, Rafael Veiga Picon, Cristiane Valle Tovo
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication in cirrhotic patients, and changes in the microbiological characteristics reported in the last years are impacting the choice of antibiotic used for treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the changes in the epidemiology and bacterial resistance of the germs causing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis over three different periods over 17 years. METHODS: All cirrhotic patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and positive culture of ascites fluid were retrospectively studied in a reference Hospital in Southern Brazil...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557942/development-and-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measurement-for-symptom-assessment-in-cirrhotic-ascites
#8
Myrte Neijenhuis, Tom J G Gevers, Thomas D Atwell, Tim J Gunneson, Amanda C Schimek, Wietske Kievit, Joost P H Drenth, Patrick S Kamath
OBJECTIVES: As current treatments of cirrhotic ascites are not associated with survival benefit, symptom relief is the major therapeutic end point. We developed a questionnaire (Ascites-Q; modified polycystic liver disease questionnaire) and assessed validity and responsiveness for symptom assessment in cirrhotic ascites. METHODS: Ascites-Q was compared with Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Ascites Index (FACIT-AI; developed for malignant ascites) and Japanese Ascites Symptom Inventory-7 (ASI-7) in cirrhotics undergoing large-volume paracentesis...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549677/the-abdominal-wall-incisional-hernia-repair-in-cirrhotic-patients
#9
L Licari, G Salamone, G Ciolino, S Campanella, Z Parinisi, C Sabatino, F Carfì, S Bonventre, G Gulotta
BACKGROUND: The incidence of abdominal wall hernia in cirrhotic patients with ascites is between 20 and 40%. Controversies regarding the treatment modality and surgical timing of abdominal wall incisional hernia repair in cirrhotic patients remain. The study proposed wants to analyze the abdominal incisional hernia repair in cirrhotic patients with ascites performed in a single center to determine post-operative morbidity, mortality and complication rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cirrhotic patients with abdominal incisional hernia that underwent surgical operation for abdominal wall hernia repair at the "Policlinico Paolo Giaccone" at Palermo University Hospital between January 2015 and December 2016 were identified and the data collected were retrospectively reviewed; patients' medical and surgical records were collected from charts and the surgical and ICU registries...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541825/model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-underestimates-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-with-ascites-undergoing-colectomy
#10
Matthew M Fleming, Fangfang Liu, Yawei Zhang, Kevin Y Pei
BACKGROUND: The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and ascites correlate with surgical morbidity and mortality. However, the MELD score does not account for ascites. We sought to evaluate whether the MELD score accurately risk stratifies patients with ascites. METHODS: We analyzed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2014) to examine the risk-adjusted morbidity and mortality of cirrhotic patients with and without ascites undergoing colectomy for diverticulitis...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538440/impact-of-large-volume-paracentesis-on-respiratory-parameters-including-transpulmonary-pressure-and-on-transpulmonary-thermodilution-derived-hemodynamics-a-prospective-study
#11
Ulrich Mayr, Eugen Karsten, Tobias Lahmer, Sebastian Rasch, Philipp Thies, Benedikt Henschel, Gerrit Fischer, Roland M Schmid, Wolfgang Huber
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate mechanical ventilation and prevention of alveolar collaps is mainly dependent on transpulmonary pressure TPP. TPP is assessed by measurement of esophageal pressure EP, largely influenced by pleural and intraabdominal pressure IAP. Consecutively, TPP-guided ventilation might be particularly useful in patients with high IAP. This study investigates the impact of large volume paracentesis LVP on TPP, EP, IAP as well as on hemodynamic and respiratory function in patients with liver cirrhosis and tense ascites...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532591/un-precipitated-acute-kidney-injury-is-uncommon-among-stable-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-ascites
#12
Florence Wong, Peter Jepsen, Hugh Watson, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute episodes of renal dysfunction or acute kidney injury (AKI) in cirrhotic patients with ascites are mostly precipitated by an acute event. The prevalence of un-precipitated AKI in stable ascitic cirrhotic patients is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine (i) the prevalence of un-precipitated AKI in stable cirrhotics with ascites and (ii) any predictive factors for its development. METHODS: A total of 1115 stable cirrhotic patients with mild liver and renal dysfunction but varying degrees of ascites severity from 3 previous satavaptan vs placebo randomized controlled trials (Group A, ascites requiring diuretics but not paracentesis; Group B, ascites requiring frequent paracentesis; Group C, refractory ascites) were included...
March 13, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532323/outcome-of-transarterial-chemoembolization-in-egyptian-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-branch-portal-vein-thrombosis
#13
H Abdella, M K Shaker, Iman Fawzy Montasser, M Sobhi, H Aly, A Sayed, S Saleh, A El Dorry
BACKGROUND/AIM: Portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) is a common complication in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and it was considered a relative contraindication for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) by many centers. This study aimed to assess the outcomes after TACE in patients with branch PVT regarding Child classification, radiological response, and 1-year survival. METHODS: Thirty HCC patients (24 male, 6 females) Child A cirrhotics with branch PVT underwent TACE...
March 13, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511433/a-novel-liver-targeted-nitric-oxide-donor-udca-thr-no-protects-against-cirrhosis-and-portal-hypertension
#14
Jialin Sun, Menghua Li, Shiyong Fan, Zhongwu Guo, Bohua Zhong, Xueyuan Jin, Weiguo Shi
Portal hypertension (PHT) is a common liver disease that is closely related to cirrhosis and has a high morbidity and mortality. The present study aimed to probe the efficacy of a novel nitric oxide (NO)-releasing agent with NO linked to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) through threonine (UDCA-Thr-NO) as a liver-targeted therapy for cirrhosis and PHT. After intraperitoneal treatment of dimethyl nitrosamine-induced cirrhotic rats for 3 or 4 weeks, UDCA-Thr-NO could prevent ascites formation and reduce portal pressure instead of carotid artery pressure, when compared with UDCA or compound embryonic bovine liver extract tablets...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511346/gene-activation-of-cebpa-using-sarna-preclinical-studies-of-the-first-in-human-sarna-drug-candidate-for-liver-cancer
#15
Vikash Reebye, Kai-Wen Huang, Vivian Lin, Sheba Jarvis, Pedro Cutilas, Stephanie Dorman, Simona Ciriello, Pinelopi Andrikakou, Jon Voutila, Pal Saetrom, Paul J Mintz, Isabella Reccia, John J Rossi, Hans Huber, Robert Habib, Nikos Kostomitsopoulos, David C Blakey, Nagy A Habib
Liver diseases are a growing epidemic worldwide. If unresolved, liver fibrosis develops and can lead to cirrhosis and clinical decompensation. Around 5% of cirrhotic liver diseased patients develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which in its advanced stages has limited therapeutic options and negative survival outcomes. CEPBA is a master regulator of hepatic function where its expression is known to be suppressed in many forms of liver disease including HCC. Injection of MTL-CEBPA, a small activating RNA oligonucleotide therapy (CEBPA-51) formulated in liposomal nanoparticles (NOV340- SMARTICLES) upregulates hepatic CEBPA expression...
March 7, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502362/clinical-impact-of-healthcare-associated-acquisition-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-community-onset-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#16
Jungok Kim, Cheol-In Kang, Geum-Youn Gwak, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
Background/Aims: Healthcare-associated (HCA) infection is a recently suggested new category of community-onset infections. The implications of HCA infections in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) are not well understood. We sought to delineate the differences between community-acquired (CA) SBP and HCA SBP with specific interest in the antimicrobial resistance of causative microorganisms and outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all SBP episodes with positive ascitic culture and/or blood culture from June 2000 to August 2011...
March 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500648/diffusion-weighted-mri-as-a-screening-tool-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cirrhotic-livers-correlation-with-explant-data-a-pilot-study
#17
M M McNamara, J V Thomas, L F Alexander, M D Little, D N Bolus, Yufeng E Li, D E Morgan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion-weighted liver MRI alone with complete, multiphasic gadoteridol-enhanced MRI for the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients before liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single institution retrospective study was performed after IRB approval and was HIPAA compliant. MRI scans of 37 patients who underwent liver transplant were evaluated and findings correlated with liver explant (36) or biopsy (1)...
March 3, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471569/does-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-stent-differentially-improve-survival-in-a-subset-of-cirrhotic-patients
#18
Jonel Trebicka
Does transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt stent (TIPS) improve survival in a subgroup of patients? Yes. TIPS nearly halves portal pressure and increases the effective blood volume. In cases of acute variceal hemorrhage and with a high risk of treatment failure, defined as either hepatic venous pressure gradient higher than 20 mm Hg, Child B with active bleeding at the endoscopy, or Child C with less than 14 points, early or preemptive placement of TIPS (within 72 hours) improves survival. Also, in suitable patients with intractable or refractory ascites, TIPS improves survival if placed early in the course of treatment...
February 2018: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460792/comparing-assessment-tools-for-detecting-undernutrition-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#19
M McFarlane, C Hammond, T Roper, J Mukarati, R Ford, J Burrell, V Gordon, N Burch
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Undernutrition in cirrhotic patients is often poorly recognised until late-stages. The current UK screening tool, the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, can miss undernutrition in patients with ascites/fluid retention. A 6-question Liver Disease Undernutrition Screening Tool (LDUST) has been developed in America. METHODS: We sought to compare LDUST with MUST in the detection of undernutrition in 50 inpatients and 50 outpatients with liver cirrhosis in a secondary care setting...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453469/demographic-and-clinical-profile-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-central-nepal
#20
Subash Bhattarai, Merina Gyawali, Khus Raj Dewan, Gaurav Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Liver cirrhosis is an important health problem worldwide and is a common disease in Nepal. The profile of cirrhosis may vary due to different factors. This study was undertaken to see the demographic and clinical profiles of patients with cirrhosis of liver attending a tertiary care hospital in Central Nepal. METHODS: Six hundred patients with clinical features, laboratory and sonological findings suggestive of chronic liver dysfunction and endoscopic evidence of portal hypertension were included in the study...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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