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Low intensity ultrasound

Haiyue Zu, Xueting Yi, Dewei Zhao
Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) materials are considered ideal as osteosynthesis implants. However, clinical application has proven complex. This is primarily associated with the issue of reducing the extent of implant degradation to a range acceptable for the human body, while simultaneously enhancing osteogenesis or osteoinduction. In the present study, a combination of Mg ions and low‑intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment was applied in hFOB 1.19 human osteoblast cells as a potential strategy to resolve this issue...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Bo Chen, Shenxu Bao, Yimin Zhang, Ruwei Zheng
N235-impregnated resins were prepared using XAD-16HP macroporous adsorption resins as support with and without ultrasonic irradiation to evaluate the effects of ultrasound impregnation (UI) on the preparation and adsorption characteristics of the resins. The results show that the impregnation ratio of the solvent-impregnated resins (SIRs) prepared by ultrasound impregnation method (SIRs-UI) increases obviously but their adsorption capacity for V(V) just slightly increases and the utilization rate of the extractant decreases with the augmentation of ultrasound power...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Z-F Tang, H-Y Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low intensity ultrasound irradiation combine with fibroblast growth factors (FGF2) on the repair of the knee articular cartilage and to explore its mechanism in rabbit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model of the rabbit knee joint injury was established. 40 rabbits were divided into four groups, including control group, model group, FGF2 group and FGF2 + low intensity pulsed ultrasound group (FGF2 + LIPU). The knee joints of rabbits were taken at 4 and 8 weeks, respectively...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Ranran Zhao, Xiaolong Liang, Bo Zhao, Min Chen, Renfa Liu, Sujuan Sun, Xiuli Yue, Shumin Wang
To improve the non-invasive therapeutic efficacy for ER positive breast cancer (ER+ BC), we fabricated a multifunctional FOXA1 loaded porphyrin microbubble to combine photodynamic therapy (PDT) and gene therapy of FOXA1 knockdown (KD) with ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) technology under the guidance of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Cationic porphyrin microbubbles (CpMBs) were firstly fabricated from a porphyrin grafted lipid with two cationic amino groups (PGL-NH2) and fluorocarbon inert gas of C3 F8 ...
May 3, 2018: Biomaterials
Qiuju Jiang, Guofeng Li, Huixia Zhao, Wenlong Sheng, Lan Yue, Min Su, Shijun Weng, Leanne Lai-Hang Chan, Qifa Zhou, Mark S Humayun, Weibao Qiu, Hairong Zheng
Significant progress has been made recently in treating neurological blindness using implantable visual prostheses. However, implantable medical devices are highly invasive and subject to many safety, efficacy, and cost issues. The discovery that ultrasound (US) may be useful as a noninvasive neuromodulation tool has aroused great interest in the field of acoustic retinal prostheses (ARPs). We have investigated the responsiveness of rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to low-frequency focused US stimulation (LFUS) at 2...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Wei Cui, Lisi Jia, Ying Chen, Yi'ang Li, Jun Li, Songping Mo
Nanoparticles, including Al2 O3 and SiO2 , and ultrasound were adopted to improve the solidification properties of water. The effects of nanoparticle concentration, contact angle, and ultrasonic intensity on the supercooling degree of water were investigated, as well as the dispersion stability of nanoparticles in water during solidification. Experimental results show that the supercooling degree of water is reduced under the combined effect of ultrasound and nanoparticles. Consequently, the reduction of supercooling degree increases with the increase of ultrasonic intensity and nanoparticle concentration and decrease of contact angle of nanoparticles...
May 10, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Xiao Tan, Xiaoqian Shu, Jiujia Guo, Keshab Parajuli, Xidong Zhang, Zhipeng Duan
Ultrasound can be used to induce cell resonance and cavitation to inhibit cyanobacterial growth, but it can also lead to increase in dissolved nutrients because of cell disruption. This study investigated the process from cell inactivation to disruption of Microcystis aeruginosa. Algal cells were sonicated (at 35 kHz) under various intensities and durations. Results showed that chlorophyll a content and F v /F m values decreased slightly within the first 5 min. Superoxide dismutase activity was stimulated and its peak value appeared at the fifth minute...
May 9, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Roman Ganzer, Vinodh Kumar Adithyaa Arthanareeswaran, Hashim U Ahmed, Andrea Cestari, Pascal Rischmann, Georg Salomon, Dogu Teber, Evangelos Liatsikos, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Eric Barret
BACKGROUND: With growing interest in focal therapy (FT) of prostate cancer (PCa) there is an increasing armamentarium of treatment modalities including high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), cryotherapy, focal laser ablation (FLA), irreversible electroporation (IRE), vascular targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP), focal brachytherapy (FBT) and stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). Currently there are no clear recommendations as to which of these technologies are appropriate for individual patient characteristics...
May 9, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Joohyun Seo, Sabino J Pietrangelo, Charles G Sodini, Hae-Seung Lee
This paper details unfocused imaging using single-element ultrasound transducers for motion tolerant arterial blood pressure (ABP) waveform estimation. The ABP waveform is estimated based on pulse wave velocity and arterial pulsation through Doppler and M-mode ultrasound. This paper discusses approaches to mitigate the effect of increased clutter due to unfocused imaging on blood flow and diameter waveform estimation. An intensity reduction model (IRM) estimator is described to track the change of diameter, which outperforms a complex cross-correlation model (C3M) estimator in low contrast environments...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Chen Bai, Meiling Ji, Ayache Bouakaz, Yujin Zong, Mingxi Wan
For investigating human transcranial ultrasound imaging (TUI) through the temporal bone, an intact human skull is needed. Since it is complex and expensive to obtain one, it requires that experiments are performed without excision or abrasion of the skull. Besides, to mimic blood circulation for the vessel target, cellulose tubes generally fit the vessel simulation with straight linear features. These issues, which limit experimental studies, can be overcome by designing a 3-D-printed skull model with acoustic and dimensional properties that match a real skull and a vessel model with curve and bifurcation...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Luc A Sermeus, Tom Schepens, Guy H Hans, Stuart G Morrison, Kristien Wouters, Margaretha B Breebaart, Carine J Smitz, Marcel P Vercauteren
This randomized double-blind controlled trial compared the block characteristics of three low-dose local anesthetics at different roots in an ultrasound-guided interscalene block, using thermal quantitative sensory testing for assessing the functioning of cutaneous small nerve fibres. A total of 37 adults scheduled to undergo shoulder arthroscopy were randomized to receive 5 mL of either 0.5% levobupivacaine with and without epinephrine 1/200,000 or 0.75% ropivacaine in a single-shot interscalene block. Thermal quantitative sensory testing was performed in the C4, C5, C6 and C7 dermatomes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Yehai Li, Kai Wang, Zhongqing Su
Self-sensing capability of composite materials has been the core of intensive research over the years and particularly boosted up by the recent quantum leap in nanotechnology. The capacity of most existing self-sensing approaches is restricted to static strains or low-frequency structural vibration. In this study, a new breed of functionalized epoxy-based composites is developed and fabricated, with a graphene nanoparticle-enriched, dispersed sensing network, whereby to self-perceive broadband elastic disturbance from static strains, through low-frequency vibration to guided waves in an ultrasonic regime...
May 2, 2018: Sensors
Clément Medrinal, Yann Combret, Guillaume Prieur, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Tristan Bonnevie, Francis Edouard Gravier, Elise Dupuis Lozeron, Eric Frenoy, Olivier Contal, Bouchra Lamia
BACKGROUND: In the ICU, out-of-bed rehabilitation is often delayed and in-bed exercises are generally low-intensity. Since the majority of rehabilitation is carried out in bed, it is essential to carry out the exercises that have the highest intensity. The aim of this study was to compare the physiological effects of four common types of bed exercise in intubated, sedated patients confined to bed in the ICU, in order to determine which was the most intensive. METHODS: A randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of four bed exercises (passive range of movements (PROM), passive cycle-ergometry, quadriceps electrical stimulation and functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling) on cardiac output...
April 27, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Dominic M Tran, James Harrang, Shuxian Song, Jeremy Chen, Bryn M Smith, Carol H Miao
While ultrasound-mediated gene delivery (UMGD) has been accomplished using high peak negative pressures (PNPs) of 2 MPa or above, emerging research showed that this may not be a requirement for microbubble (MB) cavitation. Thus, we investigated lower-pressure conditions close to the MB inertial cavitation threshold and focused towards further increasing gene transfer efficiency and reducing associated cell damage. We created a matrix of 21 conditions (n = 3/cond.) to test in HEK293T cells using pulse durations spanning 18 μs-36 ms and PNPs spanning 0...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Andrea Ticinesi, Marco V Narici, Fulvio Lauretani, Antonio Nouvenne, Elena Colizzi, Marco Mantovani, Andrea Corsonello, Francesco Landi, Tiziana Meschi, Marcello Maggio
BACKGROUND: Muscle ultrasound (MUS) has so far not been implemented for sarcopenia assessment in clinical geriatric practice due to allegedly low reproducibility of results in the absence of standardization of procedures. However, rigorous and standardized application of this technique yields highly reproducible results. Its application, especially if integrated with clinical evaluation and comprehensive geriatric assessment, proofs very useful for rapidly obtaining information on muscle mass and architecture...
April 26, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Matthew L Stoll, Chung H Kau, Peter D Waite, Randy Q Cron
BACKGROUND: Arthritis involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) complicates 40 - 96% of cases of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), potentially leading to devastating changes to form and function. Optimal evaluation and management of this joint remains a matter of ongoing discussion. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search for all articles with keywords "temporomandibular" and "arthritis", covering the dates 2002 through February 28, 2018. A separate PubMed search was performed for all articles with keywords "temporomandibular joint", "arthritis", and "treatment" covering the same dates...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Lei Song, Xin Wang, Weiyan Zhang, Lei Ye, Xing Feng
Widespread of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics has become a worldwide public health concern. Conjugative transfer between bacteria is an important mechanism for the horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. Ultrasound has been widely applied in many fields, but the effect of ultrasound on horizontal transfer of antibiotic-resistant genes is still not clear. We discovered that low-intensity (≤ 0.05 W/cm2 ) ultrasound had no effect on bacterial growth and survival rates, but increased the permeability of cell membrane, and consequentially elevated the transfer rates of plasmid...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Muharrem Yunce, Stephen Selinger, William Krimsky, Daniel P Harley
Primary malignant melanoma of the lung (PMML) is a rare malignancy that exhibits aggressive behavior and has a very poor prognosis. We are reporting on a case of PMML in an otherwise healthy 22-year-old Caucasian male with no significant past medical history and an unremarkable family history. The patient initially presented with a 2-month history of a cough and an unexplained 22-lb weight loss. His initial chest X-ray demonstrated opacification of the right lower lobe (RLL) of his lung and a subsequent computerized tomography scan (CT scan) of his lung revealed a large mass occupying most of his RLL (Figure 1)...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
A L Nikolaev, A V Gopin, A V Severin, V N Rudin, M A Mironov, N V Dezhkunov
The size control of materials is of great importance in research and technology because materials of different size and shape have different properties and applications. This paper focuses on the synthesis of hydroxyapatite in ultrasound fields of different frequencies and intensities with the aim to find the conditions which allow control of the particles size. The results are evaluated by X-ray diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, morphological and sedimentation analyses. It is shown that the hydroxyapatite particles synthesized at low intensity non-cavitation regime of ultrasound have smaller size than those prepared at high intensity cavitation regime...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Pengfei Liu, Rui Wang, Xuemin Kang, Bo Cui, Bin Yu
To investigate the effect of ultrasonic treatment on the properties of sweet potato starch and sweet potato starch-based films, the complexing index, thermograms and diffractograms of the sweet potato starch-lauric acid composite were tested, and light transmission, microstructure, and mechanical and moisture barrier properties of the films were measured. The results indicated that the low power density ultrasound was beneficial to the formation of an inclusion complex. In thermograms, the gelatinization enthalpies of the ultrasonically treated starches were lower than those of the untreated sample...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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