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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426734/study-of-deaths-by-suicide-of-homosexual-prisoners-in-nazi-sachsenhausen-concentration-camp
#1
Esther Cuerda-Galindo, Francisco López-Muñoz, Matthis Krischel, Astrid Ley
Living conditions in Nazi concentration camps were harsh and inhumane, leading many prisoners to commit suicide. Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg, Germany) was a concentration camp that operated from 1936 to 1945. More than 200,000 people were detained there under Nazi rule. This study analyzes deaths classified as suicides by inmates in this camp, classified as homosexuals, both according to the surviving Nazi files. This collective was especially repressed by the Nazi authorities. Data was collected from the archives of Sachsenhausen Memorial and the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419146/household-crowding-as-a-potential-mediator-of-socioeconomic-determinants-of-tuberculosis-incidence-in-brazil
#2
Daniele Maria Pelissari, Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
Although many studies have identified social conditions associated with tuberculosis, contextual and individual factors have rarely been analysed simultaneously. Consequently, we aimed to identify contextual and individual factors associated with tuberculosis incidence in general population in Brazil in 2010. We also assessed whether household crowding mediates the association between socioeconomic determinants and tuberculosis incidence. Individual data of tuberculosis cases were obtained from 5,565 municipalities in Brazil in 2010 (last year of national census), and merged with contextual variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410398/do-people-who-experience-incarceration-age-more-quickly-exploratory-analyses-using-retrospective-cohort-data-on-mortality-from-ontario-canada
#3
Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Evgeny M Andreev, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Andres McConnon
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore whether mortality data are consistent with the view that aging is accelerated for people with a history of incarceration compared to the general population, using data on mortality rates and life expectancy for persons in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We obtained data from the Ontario Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services on all adults admitted to provincial correctional facilities in Ontario in 2000, and linked these data with death records from provincial vital statistics between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370837/bringing-it-all-back-home-understanding-the-medical-difficulties-encountered-by-newly-released-prisoners-in-new-orleans-louisiana-a-qualitative-study
#4
William Lee Vail, Anjali Niyogi, Norris Henderson, Ashley Wennerstrom
Formerly incarcerated persons (FIPs) face a disproportionate risk of death and serious illness in the immediate post-release period. Therefore, it is a critical time to initiate community-based care for chronic illnesses and behavioural disorders. Little is known about the unique transitional health and social support needs of FIPs in Louisiana, which has the highest incarceration rate in the world. As the average age of prisoners in the United States rises, the release of older prisoners with chronic conditions will become increasingly common...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366324/trouble-sleeping-inside-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-insomnia-in-adult-prison-populations-in-england
#5
Lindsay H Dewa, Lamiece Hassan, Jenny J Shaw, Jane Senior
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of insomnia and identify associated demographic, clinical and forensic risk factors in adult prisoners in England. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 237 prisoners aged 18-72 years, across two male prisons and one female prison in North England. We used the Sleep Condition Indicator to measure probable DSM-V insomnia disorder (ID) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to examine sleep quality. Multiple demographic, sleep, clinical and forensic self-reported measures were recorded to identify any associations with insomnia...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359842/history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-prison-populations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
E Durand, M Chevignard, A Ruet, A Dereix, C Jourdan, P Pradat-Diehl
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to cognitive, behavioural and social impairments. The relationship between criminality and a history of TBI has been addressed on several occasions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to present an update on current knowledge concerning the existence of a history of TBI in prison populations. METHODS: PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for relevant papers, using the PRISMA guidelines. We selected papers describing TBI prevalence among incarcerated individuals and some that also discussed the validity of such studies...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358232/medical-parole-and-aging-prisoners
#7
George Pro, Miesha Marzell
The population of geriatric prisoners in the United States will reach unprecedented levels in the coming decades. Geriatric prisoners are at increased risk for deteriorating health and experience the onset of disease earlier than the aging population at large. Medical parole is an underutilized program that allows aging prisoners to transition to community-based health care. This article presents original key informant interview data and analysis of the perceptions of medical parole. Three dominant themes emerged: (1) drugs and nonviolent crimes; (2) politics, costs, and consequences; and (3) quality of health care and sense of security in prison...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344672/the-perceived-benefits-of-an-arts-project-for-health-and-wellbeing-of-older-offenders
#8
Dean J Wilkinson, Laura S Caulfield
The increasing ageing prison population is becoming a pressing issue throughout the criminal justice system. Alongside the rising population, are a host of health and wellbeing issues that contribute to older offenders needs whilst in prison. It has been recommended that meaningful activities can have positive effects on this population and therefore this paper uniquely reviews older offenders accounts of taking part in an arts based project, Good Vibrations, whilst imprisoned. The Good Vibrations project engages individuals in Gamelan music making with an end of project performance...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299972/older-and-incarcerated-policy-implications-of-aging-prison-populations
#9
Zachary Psick, Jonathan Simon, Rebecca Brown, Cyrus Ahalt
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the policy Implications of aging prison populations. Design/methodology/approach An examination of the worldwide aging trend in prison and its implications for correctional policy, including an examination of population aging in California prisons as a case example of needed reform. Findings Prison populations worldwide are aging at an unprecedented rate, and age-related medical costs have had serious consequences for jurisdictions struggling to respond to the changes...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299966/family-planning-services-for-incarcerated-women-models-for-filling-an-unmet-need
#10
Carolyn Sufrin, Sara Baird, Jennifer Clarke, Elizabeth Feldman
Purpose Incarcerated women around the globe are predominantly of reproductive age. Most of these women have been pregnant before, and many want to be sexually active and avoid pregnancy upon release. Yet few of these women are on a regular method of contraception. Providing contraceptive services for women in custody benefits individual and public health goals of reducing unintended pregnancy. This policy briefing reviews evidence for an unmet need for family planning in the correctional setting, and policy implications for expanding services...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285251/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-young-violent-offenders-overlap-and-background-characteristics
#11
Eva Billstedt, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
Neurodevelopmental disorders (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), tic disorder, intellectual disability (ID)), in prison populations have received increased attention but the focus has generally been on one single condition leaving out the global picture. This study assessed the prevalence and overlap of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) in a consecutive cohort (n=270) of young adult male offenders (age 18-25 years), sentenced for "hands-on" violent offences and serving prison time in Swedish prisons...
March 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279310/personality-and-trait-aggression-profiles-of-male-and-female-prison-inmates
#12
Örjan Falk, Anis Sfendla, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Thomas Nilsson, Nóra Kerekes
Gender specific personality profiles in association with the level of aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders have not been previously investigated. In the present study we analyzed data collected from 65 male and 50 female offenders using structured protocols regarding criminal history (by criminal register data), trait aggression (by the Life History of Aggression (LHA) questionnaire), and personality profiles (by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)). Prison inmates differed significantly on several personality dimensions, most pronouncedly were they characterized with low character maturity (low scores in the Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness dimensions of TCI) when compared to gender and age matched controls of the general population...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276180/cognitive-impairment-self-perceived-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#13
Nicolas Combalbert, Valérie Pennequin, Claude Ferrand, Marine Armand, Morgane Anselme, Brigitte Geffray
BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. AIMS: Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 138 men aged 50 or over were recruited in seven French prisons and 138 men of similar ages from the general population. Two assessments of executive cognitive functions - the mini-mental state examination and the frontal assessment battery - were administered to each participant, together with self rating schedules of health (Nottingham Health Profile), subjective state of mental health and quality of life (the brief World Health Organisation Quality of Life Questionnaire)...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270467/preventing-prison-suicide-with-life-trajectory-based-screening
#14
Tyler S Kaster, Michael S Martin, Alexander I F Simpson
We describe the application of a life-trajectory model of suicide to the prison setting and its implication for suicide risk detection. A model has been developed that describes two distinct trajectories culminating in suicide: one with large amounts of adversity early in life with a young age of suicide and another with chronic, gradually accumulating adversity with a later age of suicide. Support for applying the life-trajectory model to the prison population is found in prison-centric models of suicidal behavior and clinical profiles of individuals at high risk of suicide in prisons...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256027/ongoing-incident-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-people-with-a-history-of-injecting-drug-use-in-an-australian-prison-setting-2005-2014-the-hits-p-study
#15
Evan B Cunningham, Behzad Harjarizadeh, Neil A Bretana, Janaki Amin, Brigid Betz-Stablein, Gregory J Dore, Fabio Luciani, Suzy Teutsch, Kate Dolan, Andrew R Lloyd, Jason Grebely
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission is high in prisons. This study investigated trends in HCV incidence and associated factors among a cohort of prisoners with a history of injecting drug use in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Data were available from the Hepatitis C Incidence and Transmission Study in prisons (HITS-p) from 2005-2014. Temporal trends in HCV incidence were evaluated. Factors associated with time to HCV seroconversion among people with ongoing injecting was assessed using Cox proportional hazards...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166472/prevalence-and-correlates-of-in-prison-substance-use-among-incarcerated-women-in-spain
#16
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157438/exploring-the-association-between-race-and-health-among-older-adults-who-are-incarcerated
#17
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116588/early-onset-of-sexual-intercourse-and-parental-incarceration-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#18
Von E Nebbitt, Dexter R Voisin, M Taqi Tirmazi
Mass incarceration, substance use, and adolescent early onset of sex (e.g., initiate sexual intercourse at 13 years of age or younger) are social problems with disparate impacts on low-income African American communities. Two out of every five inmates in state and federal prisons are African American and the vast majority of these inmates are from low-income communities. Furthermore, this population experiences more severe consequences of substance use and abuse compared to other populations. In sum, African American youth endure the lion share of problems that mass incarceration and substance use leave in their wake...
February 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100148/palliative-care-in-uk-prisons
#19
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock
Despite falling crime rates in England and Wales over the past 20 years, the number of prisoners has doubled. People over the age of 50 constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population, and increasing numbers of older prisoners are dying in custody. This article discusses some of the issues raised by these changing demographics and draws on preliminary findings from a study underway in North West England. It describes the context behind the rise in the numbers of older prisoners; explores the particular needs of this growing population; and discusses some of the practical and emotional challenges for prison officers, health care staff, and fellow prisoners who are involved in caring for dying prisoners in a custodial environment...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060860/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hcv-infection-among-prisoners-in-central-brazil
#20
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Mauricio Antonio Pompilio, Julio Croda, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Luiz Fernando Paiva Dorisbor, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Gabriela Alves Cesar, Sheila Araújo Teles, Simone Simionatto, Alisson Richard Teixeira Novais, Bruna Nepomuceno, Lisie Souza Castro, Barbara Vieira do Lago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
The aim of this multicenter, cross sectional study was to assess the prevalence, incidence and associated risk factors among incarcerated populations from twelve Brazilian prisons. The total of 3,368 individuals from twelve prisons was randomly recruited between March 2013 and March 2014. Participants were interviewed, and provided blood samples which were tested for antibodies to Hepatitis C (HCV ab). One year after the first investigation, a cohort study was conducted with 1,656 inmates who participated the cross sectional study...
2017: PloS One
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