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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900908/bruxism-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-male-inmates-in-a-penal-institution-mysore-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Ravi Kumar Thetakala, B R Chandrashekar, S Sunitha, M Maurya, Priyanka Sharma, G Shubhi
Background: One of the widespread problems of oral health is bruxism and is defined as a parafunctional habit with involuntary grinding and gnashing of the teeth occurring during sleep. However, bruxism is connected to anxiety and stress, but the published literature on bruxism among prison inmates is scanty. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of active sleep bruxism and its impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among inmates in Central Penal Institution, Mysore...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888827/real-world-outcomes-of-unrestricted-direct-acting-antiviral-treatment-for-hepatitis-c-in-australia-the-south-australian-statewide-experience
#2
James Haridy, Alan Wigg, Kate Muller, Jeyamani Ramachandran, Emma Tilley, Victoria Waddell, David Gordon, David Shaw, Dep Huynh, Jeffrey Stewart, Renjy Nelson, Morgyn Warner, Mark Boyd, Mohamed A Chinnaratha, Damian Harding, Lucy Ralton, Anton Colman, Danny Liew, Guru Iyngkaran, Edmund Tse
In March 2016, the Australian government offered unrestricted access to direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for chronic hepatitis C (HCV) to the entire population. This included prescription by any medical practitioner in consultation with specialists until sufficient experience was attained. We sought to determine the outcomes and experience over the first twelve-months for the entire state of South Australia. We performed a prospective, observational study following outcomes of all treatments associated with the state's four main tertiary centres...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879607/traumatic-stress-and-cellular-senescence-the-role-of-war-captivity-and-homecoming-stressors-in-later-life-telomere-length
#3
Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Orit Uziel, Heba Abumock, Zahava Solomon
BACKGROUND: Telomere length (TL) serves as a biomarker of cellular senescence and is a robust predictor of mortality. The association between traumatic stress and TL erosion is rapidly realized, as are the complexities of this relation that include links to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and psychosocial factors. Nevertheless, the relation between specific stressors in early adulthood and TL in later life, specifically among populations that have undergone extreme stress in early adulthood are largely uninvestigated...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843661/high-prevalence-rates-for-multiple-psychiatric-conditions-among-inmates-at-french-guiana-s-correctional-facility-diagnostic-and-demographic-factors-associated-with-violent-offending-and-previous-incarceration
#4
Mathieu Nacher, Gulen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Florence Huber, Agathe Pastre, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Vincent About
BACKGROUND: French Guiana has the highest incarceration rate among French territories, it is higher than that of Brazil, Colombia or Venezuela. It is well known that mental health problems are over-represented in correctional facilities. Our objectives were to describe the prevalence of various psychiatric conditions and to study factors associated with violence and repeated offenses among arriving detainees at the sole correctional facility of French Guiana. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional...
May 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803098/trends-and-mental-health-correlates-of-nonmedical-opioid-use-among-criminal-justice-involved-african-american-men
#5
Joi-Sheree' Knighton, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Michele Staton, Kevin Pangburn
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has deemed nonmedical opioid use (NMOU) an epidemic. Population-based survey data indicate high rates of NMOU among Caucasians, however, these estimates exclude incarcerated samples and may underestimate use among criminal justice-involved African Americans. Despite opioid-associated risks of co-occurring mental illness and mortality, to our knowledge, this is the first study to examine NMOU and mental health among a sample of African American men receiving corrections-based substance use disorder (SUD) treatment in jail, prison, or the community...
April 30, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738900/multimorbidity-patterns-and-associations-with-functional-limitations-among-an-aging-population-in-prison
#6
Madison L Gates, Elizabeth G Hunter, Vivian Dicks, Peace N Jessa, Veronica Walker, Wonsuk Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring chronic diseases are associated with functional limitations, particularly for the aging population ≥50 years old. Aging offenders (individual who are imprisoned) tend to have greater prevalence of chronic, mental health, and substance use disorders compared to non-imprisoned populations. Our primary aim was to determine patterns of co-occurring conditions associated with functional limitations among aging offenders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all male offenders from one correctional system who were ≥50 years old (n = 2270) and extracted diagnoses for chronic diseases, mental health, substance use disorders, and functional limitations from an electronic health record...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730965/comparing-women-s-and-men-s-sexual-offending-using-a-statewide-incarcerated-sample-a-two-study-design
#7
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Kimberly A Bender, Poco Kernsmith
This study identifies the characteristics that distinguish between women's and men's sexual offending. We compare women and men currently incarcerated for a sex offense in one state using two data sources: administrative data on sex offenders in the state prison ( N = 9,235) and subsample surveys ( n = 129). Bivariate and logistic regressions were used in these analyses. Women account for a small proportion (1.1%, N = 98) of incarcerated sex offenders. In the population, women and men were convicted of similar types of sex offenses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724334/-overview-of-the-health-care-of-elderly-prisoners
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Martineau, Laurence Pineau, Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Sophie Gromb-Monnoyeur
The prison population is ageing. Caregivers are having to work in an environment which is unsuited to the care of elderly prisoners. The French law of 18 January 1994 relating to public health and social protection, radically changed the health care provision for people in prisons. The methodological guide relating to their care constitutes a valuable aid to its application. Since then, various laws have been modified by the Code of Criminal Procedure, improving the way the health status of prisoners in general and elderly prisoners in particular is taken into account...
May 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721814/pre-incarceration-rates-of-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-black-men-from-urban-counties
#9
Paris Wheeler, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Joi-Sheree' Knighton, Carlos Mahaffey, Dominiqueca Lewis
There are inconsistent findings regarding the rates of nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) among Black Americans. The majority of previous studies used pharmaceutical names of drugs and relied on national data that excludes incarcerated populations, in which Black men are overrepresented. Therefore, the current study aimed to describe pre-incarceration rates of NMPDU among Black men in prison using culturally relevant alternative drug names. We recruited 208 incarcerated (adult age 18 or older) Black men nearing community reentry to urban counties from four state prisons in Kentucky...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701936/the-impact-of-captivity-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-cognitive-performance-among-former-prisoners-of-war-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Roy Aloni, Laura Crompton, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War captivity is a potent pathogen for various aspects of mental health, including cognitive impairments. However, little is known about the long-term impact of war captivity and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on cognitive functioning among former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). This study assesses the effect of captivity, PTSD trajectories, and the accumulating differential effect in the prediction of cognitive performance. METHODS: This longitudinal research includes 4 assessments (1991 [T1], 2003 [T2], 2008 [T3], 2015 [T4]) of Israeli ex-POWs and comparable combatants from the 1973 Yom Kippur War...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698576/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hbv-and-hcv-in-prisoners-in-iran-a-national-bio-behavioral-surveillance-survey-in-2015
#11
Ghobad Moradi, Mohammad-Mehdi Gouya, Fatemeh Azimizan, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Sonia Darvishi, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Mahmood Nabavi, Ramin Alasvand, Mehrzad Tashakorian, Bijan Nouri, Khaled Rahmani, Leila Molaei
OBJECTIVES: To provide more accurate estimates of the prevalence of Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) and their contributing factors among prisoners in Iran. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 6200 Iranian prisoners in 2015. Data were collected through questionnaires and interviews. HBV infection and HCV exposure status of the participants was determined by HBsAg and HCV antibodies blood tests using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Data were analyzed in STATA-12...
April 26, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697522/living-with-dementia-in-correctional-settings-a-case-report
#12
Shelley Peacock, Alexandra Hodson, Rhoda MacRae, Cindy Peternelj-Taylor
The prison population is aging at an alarming rate and many older persons have the potential to develop dementia while in prison. This case report aims to explore the needs of older people living with dementia in prison and discusses the interventions that exist to address these needs. As the condition progresses, persons with dementia become increasingly reliant on the support of others for their health and well-being because of the increasing complexity of physical healthcare and psychosocial needs. Very few interventions are cited in the research literature regarding the use, acceptability, and/or effectiveness of programming for people living with dementia in prison...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677699/-epidemic-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-prisoners-compared-to-the-german-population-an-analysis-based-on-laboratory-results
#13
Friedrich Pürner, Merle M Böhmer, Manfred Wildner
OBJECTIVE: Effects of long-term imprisonment on the vitamin D (vitD) status of prison inmates in Germany have not been systematically assessed so far. Special circumstances in prisons - little sunlight exposure combined with restricted outdoor activities - may lead to vitD deficiency among prisoners. The aim of this study was to assess the vitD status of prisoners and the general population in order to quantify the extent of vitD deficiency in both groups. METHODS: VitD status (25(OH)D in blood serum samples) was assessed in female inmates of a prison in southern Germany between May 2012-June 2013...
April 20, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666647/oral-health-of-lipjan-convicts-kosovo-prison-house
#14
Luljeta Zajmi, Agim Begzati, Milaim Sejdini, Nora Berisha, Lumnije Krasniqi
Objectives: The oral health services of the prison population are considered more complex than those of the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the oral health status (the DMFT index and OHI index) and to evaluate the relation between the oral health and risk factors of inmates of this population, thus identifying the dental health status of inmates by gender, age, and the duration of their sentence. Materials and Methods: Our study has included a total number of 150 inmates, of both genders, from Lipjan prison house in Kosovo...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661109/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infections-in-custodial-populations-a-systematic-review
#15
Leigh Haysom, Melanie Cross, Rebecca Anastasas, Elizabeth Moore, Stephen Hampton
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in prisons can result in serious morbidity and death. We reviewed rates and risk factors for MRSA infection in custody, searching Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases. Between 1997 and 2015, 17 studies reported MRSA skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), with four case reports of MRSA non-SSTI (necrotizing pneumonias, brain abscess, and epiduritis). Significant associations with MRSA SSTI were found: MRSA colonization, previous skin infection, sharing soap or personal items, SSTI presenting as an abscess or furuncle, younger age, non-Caucasian, overweight, communal laundering, infrequent handwashing, lower hygiene score...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657697/characterizing-mortality-from-substance-abuse-in-iran-an-epidemiological-study-during-march-2014-to-february-2015
#16
Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Abdolrazagh Barzegar
Background: Drug abuse is a severe and chronic disorder that leaves morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the society. The study of death due to substance abuse provides useful information for local, national and international administrators. Thus, by identifying the factors that have an impact on overdose-related mortality we can provide suitable intervention for vulnerable groups. The aim of this study was an investigation of mortality rate caused by consumption of narcotic and psychoactive substances in Iran...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584869/the-health-of-america-s-aging-prison-population
#17
Kimberly A Skarupski, Alden Gross, Jennifer A Schrack, Jennifer A Deal, Gabriel B Eber
Older incarcerated individuals comprise the fastest growing demographic in the US prison system. Unhealthy lifestyles among incarcerated individuals and inadequate health care lead to earlier onset and more rapid progression of many chronic conditions that are prevalent among community-living older adults. There are limited peer-reviewed epidemiologic data in this area; however, there is growing interest in identifying strategies for housing aging incarcerated individuals, delivering appropriate health care in prisons, and coordinating after-release health care...
March 23, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552940/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-adaptive-functioning-assessment-tool-in-uk-custodial-settings
#18
Gareth E Ross, Kerensa Hocken, Jonathan M Auty
Adaptive functioning (AF) has been overlooked in the assessment of intellectual disability within the UK Prison Service, primarily because there are no reliable and valid measures of AF suitable for use with prison populations. This position is incompatible with the obligation of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service to provide specialist interventions for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Adaptive Functioning Assessment Tool (AFAT), a new measure of AF developed for use in prisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514629/the-determinants-of-individual-health-care-expenditures-in-prison-evidence-from-switzerland
#19
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
BACKGROUND: Prison health systems are subject to increasing pressures given the specific health needs of a growing and aging prison population. Identifying the drivers of medical spending among incarcerated individuals is therefore key for health care governance in prisons. This study assesses the determinants of individual health care expenditures within the prisons of the canton of Vaud, a large region of Switzerland. METHODS: We use a unique dataset linking demographic and prison stay characteristics as well as objective measures of morbidity to detailed medical invoice data...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488587/-prevalence-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-and-treponema-pallidum-in-inmates-in-the-preventive-detention-center-of-arica-chile
#20
Celia Bórquez, Ismelda Lobato, Paola Gazmuri, Romina Hurtado, Valerie Llanqui, Mauricio Vivanco, Teresa Reyes, Hilda Villanueva, Katherine Salgado, M Angélica Martínez, Juan Vega
BACKGROUND: The risk groups for sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) are sex workers, drug addicts, young people in early sexual initiation, and population in prison. AIM: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Treponema pallidum and hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in male inmates at the Preventive Detention Center (CDP) of Arica. METHODS: The study was conducted in 140 inmates, with informed consent. Epidemiological survey and blood sampling was conducted...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
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