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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166472/prevalence-and-correlates-of-in-prison-substance-use-among-incarcerated-women-in-spain
#1
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157438/exploring-the-association-between-race-and-health-among-older-adults-who-are-incarcerated
#2
Tina Maschi, Qiuhu Shi, Kirsten Forseth, Pedro Laureano, Deborah Viola
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a notable gap in the growing literature on older prisoner health. A cross-section of 625 males who were incarcerated residing in a northeastern state prison system was surveyed and data on self-reported health status and stress and individual demographics characteristics were collected...
February 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116588/early-onset-of-sexual-intercourse-and-parental-incarceration-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#3
Von E Nebbitt, Dexter R Voisin, M Taqi Tirmazi
Mass incarceration, substance use, and adolescent early onset of sex (e.g., initiate sexual intercourse at 13 years of age or younger) are social problems with disparate impacts on low-income African American communities. Two out of every five inmates in state and federal prisons are African American and the vast majority of these inmates are from low-income communities. Furthermore, this population experiences more severe consequences of substance use and abuse compared to other populations. In sum, African American youth endure the lion share of problems that mass incarceration and substance use leave in their wake...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100148/palliative-care-in-uk-prisons
#4
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock
Despite falling crime rates in England and Wales over the past 20 years, the number of prisoners has doubled. People over the age of 50 constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population, and increasing numbers of older prisoners are dying in custody. This article discusses some of the issues raised by these changing demographics and draws on preliminary findings from a study underway in North West England. It describes the context behind the rise in the numbers of older prisoners; explores the particular needs of this growing population; and discusses some of the practical and emotional challenges for prison officers, health care staff, and fellow prisoners who are involved in caring for dying prisoners in a custodial environment...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060860/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hcv-infection-among-prisoners-in-central-brazil
#5
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Mauricio Antonio Pompilio, Julio Croda, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Luiz Fernando Paiva Dorisbor, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Gabriela Alves Cesar, Sheila Araújo Teles, Simone Simionatto, Alisson Richard Teixeira Novais, Bruna Nepomuceno, Lisie Souza Castro, Barbara Vieira do Lago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
The aim of this multicenter, cross sectional study was to assess the prevalence, incidence and associated risk factors among incarcerated populations from twelve Brazilian prisons. The total of 3,368 individuals from twelve prisons was randomly recruited between March 2013 and March 2014. Participants were interviewed, and provided blood samples which were tested for antibodies to Hepatitis C (HCV ab). One year after the first investigation, a cohort study was conducted with 1,656 inmates who participated the cross sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#6
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#7
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989568/child-abuse-and-neglect-profiles-and-their-psychosocial-consequences-in-a-large-sample-of-incarcerated-males
#8
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek
Research examining child abuse and neglect (CAN) profiles among adult offender populations is lacking. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to address this limitation by using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify meaningful classes of individuals who have experienced physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, as well as neglect. Another aim was to estimate the association between CAN class membership and external criteria (psychopathy factors, self-esteem, attitudes towards male sexual violence in dating relationships, child sexual abuse myth acceptance, violent offending, and age)...
December 15, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#9
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868299/quantifying-maternal-incarceration-a-whole-population-linked-data-study-of-western-australian-children-born-1985-2011
#10
Caitlin M Dowell, David B Preen, Leonie Segal
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of children affected by maternal incarceration in Western Australia (WA). METHODS: Using linked administrative data we identified all children born in WA between 1985 and 2011, whose biological mother was imprisoned during their childhood. Data was obtained through the WA Data Linkage Branch from the Department of Corrective Services, Midwives Notifications System and Birth Registrations data collections. Descriptive characteristics of the children (n=9,352) and their mothers (n=3,827) are reported...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852256/health-conditions-of-inmates-in-italy
#11
Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi, Teresa Di Fiandra
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, focusing on internal diseases. METHODS: We designed a specific clinical record using the Python programming language. We considered all of the diagnoses according to the ICD-9-CM. RESULTS: Of a total of 17,086 inmates, 15,751 were enrolled in our study (M = 14,835; F = 869), corresponding to 92...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849280/pap-smear-in-incarcerated-women
#12
Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi, Silvia Maria Santiago, Maria da Graça Garcia Andrade, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco
In Brazil, in 2012, 6.4% of the prison population was made up of women. The aim of the study was to verify the coverage of the Pap smear according to sociodemographic characteristics and health problems reported among incarcerated women. Cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013, considering the records of 702 inmates aged between 25 and 64 years and the duration of imprisonment (not less than 12 months). The average age of the women surveyed was 34.7 years. The performance of cervical cytology was reported by 26...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808626/health-care-in-prisons
#13
(no author information available yet)
The number of prisoners over the age of 60 has tripled, says prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen, so there needs to be a properly resourced national care strategy for the rapidly growing population of older prisoners.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802545/association-between-prescription-of-major-psychotropic-medications-and-violent-reoffending-after-prison-release
#14
Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Niklas Långström, Henrik Larsson, Seena Fazel
Importance: Individuals released from prison have high rates of violent reoffending, and there is uncertainty about whether pharmacological treatments reduce reoffending risk. Objective: To investigate the associations between major classes of psychotropic medications and violent reoffending. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included all released prisoners in Sweden from July 1, 2005, to December 31, 2010, through linkage of population-based registers...
November 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724879/prevalence-and-appropriateness-of-psychotropic-medication-prescribing-in-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey-of-male-and-female-prisoners-in-england
#15
Lamiece Hassan, Jane Senior, Roger T Webb, Martin Frisher, Mary P Tully, David While, Jenny J Shaw
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is highly prevalent among prisoners. Although psychotropic medicines can ameliorate symptoms of mental illness, prescribers in prisons must balance clinical needs against risks to safety and security. Concerns have been raised at the large number of prisoners reportedly receiving psychotropic medicines in England. Nonetheless, unlike for the wider community, robust prescribing data are not routinely available for prisons. We investigated gender-specific patterns in the prevalence and appropriateness of psychotropic prescribing in English prisons...
October 10, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696398/suicide-on-death-row
#16
Christine Tartaro, David Lester
Despite the level of supervision of inmates on death row, their suicide rate is higher than both the male prison population in the United States and the population of males over the age of 14 in free society. This study presents suicide data for death row inmates from 1978 through 2010. For the years 1978 through 2010, suicide rates on death row were higher than that for the general population of males over the age of 15 and for state prisons for all but 2 years.
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680206/perinatal-health-care-services-for-imprisoned-pregnant-women-and-associated-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#17
Eleanor Bard, Marian Knight, Emma Plugge
BACKGROUND: Women are an increasing minority of prisoners worldwide, and most are of childbearing age. Prisons offer unique opportunities for improving the pregnancy outcomes of these high-risk women, and no systematic review to date has looked at their care. This systematic review identified studies describing models of perinatal health care for imprisoned women which report maternal and child health and care outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched for literature published between 1980 and April 2014...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672349/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-and-associated-risk-factors-in-the-central-prison-of-mbuji-mayi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#18
Guillaume MuasaPatoka Kalonji, Gérard De Connick, Léon Okenge Ngongo, Dieudonné Kazumba Nsaka, Thierry Kabengele, Félicien Tshimungu Kandolo, Félicien Ilunga-Ilunga, Albert Adelin, Didier Giet
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis still remains a major public health concern in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in prison settings. The present study aimed at determining tuberculosis (TB) prevalence and associated risk factors in inmates of the Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed over a 6-month period (January to June 2015) in Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. A total of 733 inmates were screened systematically for TB...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651805/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-among-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Simon Graham, Mary-Ellen Harrod, Jenny Iversen, Jane Simone Hocking
CONTEXT: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (Aboriginal) account for approximately 3% of the Australian population. They have the poorest health, economic and social outcomes. Higher notification rates of hepatitis C antibodies (anti-HCV) have been reported among Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal people. The identification of Aboriginal people in national surveillance has some weaknesses, with only four of the eight jurisdictions included in national reporting. To address some of these limitations, we aim to estimate the pooled prevalence of anti-HCV among Aboriginal people in Australia...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650475/disability-in-prison-activities-of-daily-living-and-likelihood-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-older-prisoners
#20
Lisa C Barry, Dorothy B Wakefield, Robert L Trestman, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine if disability in activities of daily living specific to prison, prison activities of daily living (PADLs), is associated with depression and severity of suicidal ideation (SI) in older prisoners, a rapidly growing population at high risk of suicide. METHODS: Cross-sectional design using data from a study of prisoners age ≥50 years (N = 167). Depression was operationalized as a score of ≥15 on the 9-item Physician Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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