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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334030/measuring-mortality-due-to-hiv-associated-tuberculosis-among-adults-in-south-africa-comparing-verbal-autopsy-minimally-invasive-autopsy-and-research-data
#1
Aaron S Karat, Mpho Tlali, Katherine L Fielding, Salome Charalambous, Violet N Chihota, Gavin J Churchyard, Yasmeen Hanifa, Suzanne Johnson, Kerrigan McCarthy, Neil A Martinson, Tanvier Omar, Kathleen Kahn, Daniel Chandramohan, Alison D Grant
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) deaths by 95% by 2035; tracking progress requires accurate measurement of TB mortality. International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes do not differentiate between HIV-associated TB and HIV more generally. Verbal autopsy (VA) is used to estimate cause of death (CoD) patterns but has mostly been validated against a suboptimal gold standard for HIV and TB. This study, conducted among HIV-positive adults, aimed to estimate the accuracy of VA in ascertaining TB and HIV CoD when compared to a reference standard derived from a variety of clinical sources including, in some, minimally-invasive autopsy (MIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333611/transcendental-meditation-and-reduced-trauma-symptoms-in-female-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Sanford Nidich, Angela Seng, Blaze Compton, Tom O'connor, John W Salerno, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders. DESIGN: Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333172/aesthetic-breast-surgery-and-concomitant-procedures-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-major-complications-in-73-608-cases
#3
Varun Gupta, Max Yeslev, Julian Winocour, Ravinder Bamba, Charles Rodriguez-Feo, James C Grotting, K Kye Higdon
Background: Major complications following aesthetic breast surgery are uncommon and thus assessment of risk factors is challenging. Objectives: To determine the incidence and risk factors of major complications following aesthetic breast surgery and concomitant procedures. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients who enrolled into the CosmetAssure (Birmingham, AL) insurance program and underwent aesthetic breast surgery between 2008 and 2013 was identified...
January 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332098/acute-aortic-syndromes-update-in-current-medical-management
#4
REVIEW
Jacqueline H Morris, Doran Mix, Scott J Cameron
Advances in medical therapy and non-surgical percutaneous options to manage the specter of acute aortic syndromes have improved both patient morbidity and mortality. There are key features in the patient history and initial exam which physicians should be attuned to in order to diagnose acute aortic syndromes such as aortic dissection, penetrating aortic ulcer, and intramural hematoma. Once recognized, early initiation of the appropriate pharmacologic therapy is important, and further appreciating the limitations of such therapy before considering a surgical approach is critical to improve patient outcomes...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#5
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325206/improving-glycemic-control-safely-in-non-critical-care-patients-a-collaborative-systems-approach-in-nine-hospitals
#6
Gregory A Maynard, Diana Childers, Janet Holdych, Heather Kendall, Tom Hoag, Karen Harrison
BACKGROUND: Practice variations in insulin management and glycemic adverse events led nine Dignity Health hospitals to initiate a collaborative effort to improve hypoglycemia, uncontrolled hyperglycemia, and glycemic control. METHODS: Non-critical care adult inpatients with ≥4 point-of-care blood glucose (BG) readings in a ≥2-day period were included. Balanced glucometric goals for each hospital were individualized to improve performance by 10%-20% from baseline or achieve top performance derived from Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) benchmarking studies...
April 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320794/innovative-public-private-partnership-to-target-subsidised-antimalarials-a-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-community-intervention-in-western-kenya
#7
Jeremiah Laktabai, Adriane Lesser, Alyssa Platt, Elisa Maffioli, Manoj Mohanan, Diana Menya, Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara, Elizabeth L Turner
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns of inappropriate use of subsidised antimalarials due to the large number of fevers treated in the informal sector with minimal access to diagnostic testing. Targeting antimalarial subsidies to confirmed malaria cases can lead to appropriate, effective therapy. There is evidence that community health volunteers (CHVs) can be trained to safely and correctly use rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). This study seeks to evaluate the public health impact of targeted antimalarial subsidies delivered through a partnership between CHVs and the private retail sector...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318214/preterm-labor-prevention-and-management
#8
Kristen Rundell, Bethany Panchal
In the United States, preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and is the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks' gestation) has been declining since 2007. Clinical diagnosis of preterm labor is made if there are regular contractions and concomitant cervical change. Less than 10% of women with a clinical diagnosis of preterm labor will deliver within seven days of initial presentation. Women with a history of spontaneous preterm delivery are 1...
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299969/challenges-and-opportunities-for-gender-affirming-healthcare-for-transgender-women-in-prison
#9
Jae Sevelius, Valerie Jenness
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to briefly address three interrelated areas of concerns - victimization, housing placement and healthcare provision - related to the health and welfare of transgender women in jails, prisons and other types of detention facilities. Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a growing body of research on health risks for transgender women who are detained in facilities in California and elsewhere, the authors provide recommendations for policy and practice that constitutes gender-affirming healthcare for transgender women behind bars...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299966/family-planning-services-for-incarcerated-women-models-for-filling-an-unmet-need
#10
Carolyn Sufrin, Sara Baird, Jennifer Clarke, Elizabeth Feldman
Purpose Incarcerated women around the globe are predominantly of reproductive age. Most of these women have been pregnant before, and many want to be sexually active and avoid pregnancy upon release. Yet few of these women are on a regular method of contraception. Providing contraceptive services for women in custody benefits individual and public health goals of reducing unintended pregnancy. This policy briefing reviews evidence for an unmet need for family planning in the correctional setting, and policy implications for expanding services...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294646/cost-and-mortality-impact-of-an-algorithm-driven-sepsis-prediction-system
#11
Jacob Calvert, Jana Hoffman, Christopher Barton, David Shimabukuro, Michael Ries, Uli Chettipally, Yaniv Kerem, Melissa Jay, Samson Mataraso, Ritankar Das
AIMS: To compute the financial and mortality impact of InSight, an algorithm-driven biomarker, which forecasts the onset of sepsis with minimal use of electronic health record data. METHODS: We compare InSight with existing sepsis screening tools and compute the differential life and cost savings associated with its use in the inpatient setting. To do so, we obtain mortality reduction from an increase in the number of sepsis cases correctly identified by InSight...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292226/outcomes-of-offenders-with-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders-and-mental-disorders
#12
Geoff Wilton, Lynn A Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Whether a diagnosis of a mental disorder contributes to the risk of poorer correctional outcomes is controversial. This study aimed to clarify the extent to which mental and substance use disorders individually and in combination contribute to correctional outcomes in order to determine optimal treatment and promote public safety. METHODS: Differences were examined between four groups of federal offenders in Canada (N=715): those with a mental disorder only, those with a substance use disorder only, those with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders, and those with no disorder...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290981/case-report-of-clinical-vignette-osteopetrosis
#13
John B Moore, Thanh D Hoang, Alfred F Shwayhat
INTRODUCTION: Osteopetrosis is a connective tissue disorder resulting from abnormally dense bone predisposing patients to fracture. The clinical pattern of fractures across time and space as well as suggestive radiographic findings usually raises diagnostic suspicion. Multiple genetic mutations resulting in dysfunctional osteoclasts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteopetrosis with variable inheritance patterns. In severe cases, usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, the medullary cavity important in the production of normal blood cell progenitors is replaced by defective endochondral bone, leading to pancytopenia and consequential extramedullary hematopoiesis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289273/metastatic-colonic-adenocarcinoma-to-the-extrahepatic-common-bile-duct-the-critical-role-of-the-pathologist-and-immunohistochemistry-in-guiding-patient-care-decisions
#14
Kurt J Knowles, Shoujun Chen, Gillermo A Herrera
BACKGROUND Adenocarcinoma of the colon frequently invades adjacent organs, spreads intraperitoneal, and metastasizes to intestinal lymph nodes, lungs, and the liver. Metastasis solely to the extrahepatic bile duct is extremely rare and has only been previously reported on 15 occasions. The accurate determination that an extrahepatic common bile duct lesion is of colonic origin has critical therapeutic implications. CASE REPORT The patient was a 50-year-old male with a history of colon cancer S/P surgical resection in September 2014...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287368/toward-a-successful-vocational-rehabilitation-in-adults-with-disabilities-does-residential-arrangement-matter
#15
F L Fredrik G Langi, Ashmeet Oberoi, Fabricio E Balcazar
The objective of this study was to assess whether successful vocational rehabilitation (that is, obtaining employment) among people with disabilities was affected by residential arrangement. Five groups of residential placement were considered: individuals living in a private residence, community or group residential, correctional and rehabilitation facilities, nursing home/mental health facilities, and homeless/shelter/other type of residential arrangement. The study involved a total of 46,570 vocational rehabilitation consumers aged 18 to 65 at referral in a Midwestern state...
April 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283045/how-equitable-is-the-uptake-of-conditional-cash-transfers-for-maternity-care-in-india-evidence-from-the-janani-suraksha-yojana-scheme-in-odisha-and-jharkhand
#16
Nattawut Thongkong, Ellen van de Poel, Swati Sarbani Roy, Shibanand Rath, Tanja A J Houweling
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the Indian Government introduced the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) scheme - a conditional cash transfer program that incentivizes women to deliver in a health facility - in order to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. Our study aimed to measure and explain socioeconomic inequality in the receipt of JSY benefits. METHODS: We used prospectively collected data on 3,682 births (in 2009-2010) from a demographic surveillance system in five districts in Jharkhand and Odisha state, India...
March 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283037/tuberculosis-cure-rates-and-the-etr-net-investigating-the-quality-of-reporting-treatment-outcomes-from-primary-healthcare-facilities-in-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#17
A W Dreyer, D Mbambo, M Machaba, C E M Oliphant, M M Claassens
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis control programs rely on accurate collection of routine surveillance data to inform program decisions including resource allocation and specific interventions. The electronic TB register (ETR.Net) is dependent on accurate data transcription from both paperbased clinical records and registers at the facilities to report treatment outcome data. The study describes the quality of reporting of TB treatment outcomes from facilities in the Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga Province...
March 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282185/publisher-s-note-development-of-improved-radiation-drive-environment-for-high-foot-implosions-at-the-national-ignition-facility-phys-rev-lett-117-225002-2016
#18
D E Hinkel, L F Berzak Hopkins, T Ma, J E Ralph, F Albert, L R Benedetti, P M Celliers, T Do Ppner, C S Goyon, N Izumi, L C Jarrott, S F Khan, J L Kline, A L Kritcher, G A Kyrala, S R Nagel, A E Pak, P Patel, M D Rosen, J R Rygg, M B Schneider, D P Turnbull, C B Yeamans, D A Callahan, O A Hurricane
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.225002.
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281942/pituitary-hyperplasia-in-a-female-patient-with-a-severe-childhood-abuse-history
#19
Andrea Fragoso Perozo, Tiago Figueiredo, Michelle Botelho Caarls, Daniel Segenreich, Leonardo Vieira Neto
A 24-year-old Caucasian female patient was referred to our endocrinology service to investigate a structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) finding of "pituitary mass". The first two sMRI were identified as pituitary adenoma but the following two exams suggested the possibility of pituitary hyperplasia (PH). The patient was referred to our service for diagnostic clarification and therapy due to the divergence in sMRI reports and the surgical procedure indicated by the neurosurgical team of the other institution...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281344/correction-to-facile-synthesis-of-halogenated-spiroketals-via-a-tandem-iodocyclization
#20
Jia Wang, Hai-Tao Zhu, Ying-Xiu Li, Li-Jing Wang, Yi-Feng Qiu, Zi-Hang Qiu, Mei-Jin Zhong, Xue-Yuan Liu, Yong-Min Liang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Organic Letters
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