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Corrections facility

Jennifer Unger, Keshet Ronen, Trevor Perrier, Brian DeRenzi, Jennifer Slyker, Alison Drake, Dyphna Mogaka, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of short message service (SMS) communication on facility delivery, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and contraceptive use. DESIGN: MOBILE WACH WAS A 3-ARM UNBLINDED INDIVIDUALLY RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIAL: SETTING: A public sector maternal child health (MCH) clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. POPULATION: Three hundred women attending antenatal care were randomised, 100 to each arm, and followed for 24 weeks postpartum...
June 20, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Sara Viotti, Giulia Iob, Daniela Converso
OBJECTIVES: While in the international literature, research on burnout predictors among correctional officers is well developed, as regards Italy there is a paucity of empirical evidence. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify, among various types of psychosocial factors, the burnout (i.e., emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment) predictors in a sample of Italian correctional officers. METHODS: The study involved 130 correctional officers that filled out a self-reported questionnaire...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Y Ge, Y-M Cai, L Bonneau, V Rotari, A Danon, E A McKenzie, H McLellan, L Mach, P Gallois
We thank D Nicholson for initial advice on caspase activity purification and B Turk for advice on recombinant cathepsin B. We thank N Atanasova for cell death assays. The Bioimaging Facility microscopes used in this study were purchased with grants from BBSRC, Wellcome Trust and the University of Manchester Strategic Fund. Special thanks go to D Knight in the Faculty Biomolecular Analysis facility. We thank P Birch and M Kim for improving the manuscript. The project was partially funded by BBSRC Grants 34/P14516, BB/K009478/1 and China National High-Tech Research and Development Programme(863 programme)NO...
June 18, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Animesh Biswas, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Koustuv Dalal, Toity Deave, Fazlur Rahman, Saidur Rahman Mashreky
BACKGROUND: Burns can be the most devastating injuries in the world, they constitute a global public health problem and cause widespread public health concern. Every year in Bangladesh more than 365,000 people are injured by electrical, thermal and other causes of burn injuries. Among them 27,000 need hospital admission and over 5600 people die. Immediate treatment and medication has been found to be significant in the success of recovering from a burn. However, common practices used in the treatment of burn injuries in the community is not well documented in Bangladesh...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Kaitlin Guston, Elizabeth Combs, Albert Kopak, Alyssa Raggio, Norman Hoffmann
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been observed in a sizable proportion of the U.S. adult correctional population. Jail administrators must pay particularly close attention to inmates with PTSD symptoms, considering these facilities serve as the gateway to the criminal justice system and inmates with PTSD may pose a risk to themselves, other inmates, and staff. The reality of conducting behavioral health assessments in a jail environment is wrought with significant challenges, including limited time...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Li Zhang, Jun Ding, Hanyu Zheng, Sensong An, Hongtao Lin, Bowen Zheng, Qingyang Du, Gufan Yin, Jerome Michon, Yifei Zhang, Zhuoran Fang, Mikhail Y Shalaginov, Longjiang Deng, Tian Gu, Hualiang Zhang, Juejun Hu
The original version of this Article omitted the following from the Acknowledgements:'J.D. and H. Zhang acknowledge initial funding for design of the meta-atoms provided by the National Science Foundation under award CMMI-1266251. Z.L. and H. Zheng contributed to the Device Fabrication section and were independently funded as visiting scholars by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under award 51772042 and the "111" project (No. B13042) led by Professor Huaiwu Zhang. Later work contained within the Device Modeling and Device Characterization sections and some revisions to the manuscript were funded under Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Defense Sciences Office (DSO) Program: EXTREME Optics and Imaging (EXTREME) under Agreement No...
June 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Ian Hennessee, Timothée Guilavogui, Alioune Camara, Eric S Halsey, Barbara Marston, Deborah McFarland, Matthew Freeman, Mateusz M Plucinski
BACKGROUND: Malaria case management in the context of the 2014-2016 West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic was complicated by a similar initial clinical presentation of the two diseases. In September 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) released recommendations titled, "Guidance on temporary malaria control measures in Ebola-affected countries", which aimed at reducing the risk of EVD transmission and improving malaria outcomes. This guidance recommended malaria diagnostic testing of fever cases only if adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) was available, defined as examination gloves, face shield, disposable gown, boots, and head cover; otherwise presumptive anti-malarial treatment was recommended...
June 14, 2018: Malaria Journal
Zong Liu, Xu Yu, Huaguang Yu, Huaiguo Xue, Ligang Feng
The sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is still tricky in water electrolysis technique. Herein, a facile approach to fabricate highly efficient nanostructured FeNi3 incorporated by multi-non-metal elements doped carbon (FeNi3/M-C) is proposed by annealing an in situ polymerized metal-complex from economical precursors. Temperature dependence of structure and catalytic performance for OER is probed and the best pyrolysis temperature is 800oC in which the fabricated material exhibits the highest catalytic performance for OER...
June 12, 2018: ChemSusChem
Claudia Ravaldi, Elena Skoko, Alessandra Battisti, Michela Cericco, Alfredo Vannacci
Data here reported are sample characteristics of the first nation-wide community based survey on 'obstetric violence' (OV) conducted in a high-income country (Italy). The initiative is the extension of the social media campaign "#Bastatacere: mothers have voice" that in 2016 put under national spotlight the hidden phenomenon of abuse and disrespect in childbirth in hospital facilities, advocating for a respectful maternity care. The questionnaire LOVE-THEM was firstly developed in an open format and then revised according to WHO definition of disrespect and abuse in childbirth, within human rights based approach...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Francois Kiemde, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Toussaint Rouamba, Athanase M Some, Halidou Tinto, Petra F Mens, Henk D F H Schallig, Michael Boele van Hensbroek
BACKGROUND: Fever remains a major public health problem. In Burkina Faso, more than half of febrile children are considered not to be infected by malaria. This study prospectively assessed probable (treatable) causes of fever in Burkinabe children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among febrile children (≥37.5 °C) under 5 years of age presenting at four health facilities and one referral hospital in rural Burkina Faso. From each participant, blood was collected for malaria microscopy and culture, urine for dipstick testing and culturing if tested positive for leucocytes and nitrite, stool for rotavirus/adenovirus testing, culture and parasitology, and a nasopharyngeal swab for culture...
May 31, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Behzad Nasseri, Neda Soleimani, Navid Rabiee, Alireza Kalbasi, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
The rapid diagnosis of pathogens is crucial in the early stages of treatment of diseases where the choice of the correct drug can be critical. Although conventional cell culture-based techniques have been widely utilized in clinical applications, newly introduced optical-based, microfluidic chips are becoming attractive. The advantages of the novel methods compared to the conventional techniques comprise more rapid diagnosis, lower consumption of patient sample and valuable reagents, easy application, and high reproducibility in the detection of pathogens...
May 29, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Boushab Mohamed Boushab, Fatima-Zahra Fall-Malick, Leonardo K Basco
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that mainly affects the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nervous system. The clinical manifestations of leprosy are numerous and polymorphic with the most frequent signs involving skin and neurological damage. Some of its manifestations, such as joint pain, are unusual. Its elimination as a public health problem in many countries seems to lead to a lack of practical knowledge among health care personnel and as a consequence a risk of late diagnosis. As in other countries, leprosy has become rare in Mauritania...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Joanna Stasch, Dahlnym Yoon, Julia Sauter, Joscha Hausam, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Although several offender treatment experts have suggested that therapeutic relationships play an important role in offender treatment, empirical finding supporting those arguments are scarce. The present study has therefore examined the relationship between prison climate, treatment motivation, and their influence on changes in risk factors in N = 215 inmates and detainees in four correctional facilities in Berlin, Germany. The inmates' perception of prison climate significantly correlated with their attitudes towards treatment...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Francis D Boateng, Ming-Li Hsieh
Primarily, this article examines the role of organizational justice in understanding prison officers' behavior. The authors surveyed 169 correctional officers across five correctional facilities in Ghana to explore the role of three organizational justice dimensions in prison misconduct and job stress. Results from the negative binomial and ordinal logistic analyses revealed the significant contributions of two dimensions of organizational justice in explaining misconduct and stress among officers. Officers who had higher perceptions of distributive fairness and interaction in the organization had lower odds of receiving misconduct-related complaints...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Lapam Panda, Umasankar Barik, Suryasmita Nayak, Biswajit Barik, Gyanaranjan Behera, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Taraprasad Das
Purpose: To evaluate effectiveness of Welch Allyn Spot Vision Screener in detecting refractive error in all age groups and amblyopia risk factors in children in a tribal district of India. Methods: All participants received dry retinoscopy and photorefraction; children also received cycloplegic retinoscopy. Statistical analysis included Bland-Altman and coefficient of determination ( R 2 ). Results: Photoscreener could not elicit a response in 113 adults and 5 children of 580 recruited participants...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Selami Demirci, John F Tisdale
Derivation of functional and mature red blood cells (RBCs) with adult globin expression from renewable source such as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is of importance from the clinical point of view. Definitive RBC generation can only be succeeded through production of true hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). There has been a great effort to obtain definitive engraftable HSCs from iPSCs but the results were mostly unsatisfactory due to low, short-term and linage-biased engraftment in mouse models. Moreover, ex vivo differentiation approaches ended up with RBCs with mostly embryonic and fetal globin expression...
June 7, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Matthew A White, Eosu Kim, Amanda Duffy, Robert Adalbert, Benjamin U Phillips, Owen M Peters, Jodie Stephenson, Sujeong Yang, Francesca Massenzio, Ziqiang Lin, Simon Andrews, Anne Segonds-Pichon, Jake Metterville, Lisa M Saksida, Richard Mead, Richard R Ribchester, Youssef Barhomi, Thomas Serre, Michael P Coleman, Justin R Fallon, Timothy J Bussey, Robert H Brown, Jemeen Sreedharan
In the version of this article initially published, the footnote number 17 was missing from the author list for the two authors who contributed equally. Also, the authors have added a middle initial for author Justin R. Fallon and an acknowledgement to the Babraham Institute Imaging Facility and Sequencing Core Facility. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
June 5, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Michela Sali, Flavio De Maio, Michela Tarantino, Giuliano Garofolo, Manuela Tittarelli, Lorena Sacchini, Katiuscia Zilli, Paolo Pasquali, Paola Petrucci, Cinzia Marianelli, Massimiliano Francia, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Rosanna Adone
Brucellosis is essentially a disease of domesticated livestock; however, humans can also be infected via the consumption of contaminated meat or dairy products, underlying the need for rapid and accurate identification methods. Procedures for microbiological identification and typing of Brucella spp. are expensive, time-consuming, and must be conducted in biohazard containment facilities to minimize operator risk. The development of a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)-based assay has reduced the processing time while maintaining performance standards...
2018: PloS One
Carlos Willie Alvarenga, Luiz Henrique Fernandes, Antonio Pazin-Filho, Luciane Loures Dos Santos
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test whether training correctional facility (CF) officers in the admission process would identify risk factors for inmates' unscheduled transfers to healthcare units in the first 24 hours. Design/methodology/approach Correctional officers (COs) were trained to use a questionnaire with ten closed questions, which seeks to identify occupational or nosocomial risk, applied upon the admission of inmates to a CF. Findings There were 1,288 admissions in six CFs in Ribeirão Preto and Serra Azul/Brazil from March 2010 to May 2011...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Ruth M Carrico, Stephen Furmanek, Connor English
BACKGROUND: Improper infection prevention practice associated with ultrasound probe use has been linked to increased infection risk, outbreaks, and death. Although guidelines for reprocessing and use of probes exist, it is unclear how extensively these have been adopted in practice. METHODS: Infection preventionists from U.S. health care facilities were surveyed (N = 358). The anonymous survey had 31 multiple choice, sliding scale, and text response questions...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
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