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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715986/the-hiv-care-cascade-among-individuals-under-community-supervision-in-baltimore-maryland
#1
Nickolas Zaller, Michael Gordon, Lauri Bazerman, Irene Kuo, Curt Beckwith
An estimated one in seven HIV-infected individuals pass through U.S. correctional facilities each year. Transitioning from correctional to community settings may increase HIV treatment interruptions and increase the risk of continued HIV transmission in the community. This study assessed access to HIV providers in the community, antiretroviral treatment, and viral suppression to inform the development of interventions to improve HIV treatment outcomes among individuals involved in community corrections. The sample included 100 individuals under community supervision (probation or parole) in Baltimore, Maryland...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671516/skin-infections-which-student-athletes-are-at-greatest-risk
#2
Tim Weesner
Skin infections are a common ailment that affect all students, with increased risk to those students participating in sport and specifically contact sports. The types of skin infections that students are likely to encounter are categorized into three types: (a) bacterial, (b) viral, and (c) fungal. All three types of infection can appear benign at onset but can grow into serious disease and illness if not correctly identified and treated in a timely manner. A strong prevention program should be in place at all schools with appropriate resources in place (human and financial) to carry out proper cleaning of facilities, on-site examination by the school nurse or athletic trainer, and sufficient education of coaches, athletes, parents and administrators...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665325/risk-analysis-of-a-fuel-storage-terminal-using-hazop-and-fta
#3
José Luis Fuentes-Bargues, Mª Carmen González-Cruz, Cristina González-Gaya, Mª Piedad Baixauli-Pérez
The size and complexity of industrial chemical plants, together with the nature of the products handled, means that an analysis and control of the risks involved is required. This paper presents a methodology for risk analysis in chemical and allied industries that is based on a combination of HAZard and OPerability analysis (HAZOP) and a quantitative analysis of the most relevant risks through the development of fault trees, fault tree analysis (FTA). Results from FTA allow prioritizing the preventive and corrective measures to minimize the probability of failure...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664879/numerical-simulations-of-the-hard-x-ray-pulse-intensity-distribution-at-the-linac-coherent-light-source
#4
Tom Pardini, Andrew Aquila, Sébastien Boutet, Daniele Cocco, Stefan P Hau-Riege
Numerical simulations of the current and future pulse intensity distributions at selected locations along the Far Experimental Hall, the hard X-ray section of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), are provided. Estimates are given for the pulse fluence, energy and size in and out of focus, taking into account effects due to the experimentally measured divergence of the X-ray beam, and measured figure errors of all X-ray optics in the beam path. Out-of-focus results are validated by comparison with experimental data...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661793/dental-student-delivered-care-at-a-student-faculty-collaborative-clinic-in-a-correctional-facility
#5
Lisa Simon, Kimberly Sue, Rachael Williams, David Beckmann, Matthew Tobey, Marya Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660624/how-do-hospital-specialty-characteristics-influence-health-system-responsiveness-an-empirical-evaluation-of-in-patient-care-in-the-italian-region-of-emilia-romagna
#6
Gianluca Fiorentini, Silvana Robone, Rossella Verzulli
Studies of health system responsiveness mostly focus on the demand side by investigating the association between sociodemographic characteristics of patients and their reported level of responsiveness. However, little is known about the influence of supply-side factors. This paper addresses that research gap by analysing the role of hospital-specialty characteristics in explaining variations in patients' evaluation of responsiveness from a sample of about 38,700 in-patients treated in public hospitals within the Italian Region of Emilia-Romagna...
June 29, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659221/qtc-interval-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-antipsychotic-treatment-as-monotherapy-or-polypharmacy
#7
Anja Elliott, Thibault Johan Mørk, Mikkel Højlund, Thomas Christensen, Rasmus Jeppesen, Nikolaj Madsen, Anne Grethe Viuff, Peter Hjorth, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotics are associated with a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, torsades de pointes, which, in the worst case, can lead to sudden cardiac death. The QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) is used as a clinical proxy for torsades de pointes. The QTc interval can be prolonged by antipsychotic monotherapy, but it is unknown if the QTc interval is prolonged further with antipsychotic polypharmaceutical treatment. Therefore, this study investigated the associations between QTc interval and antipsychotic monotherapy and antipsychotic polypharmaceutical treatment in schizophrenia, and measured the frequency of QTc prolongation among patients...
June 29, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656820/best-practices-for-nutrition-care-of-pregnant-women-in-prison
#8
Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie Stang, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine A Forestell, Wendy Hellerstedt
Approximately 3% to 4% of women are pregnant upon their admission to prison. Pregnant inmates present unique challenges for correctional health providers, including meeting the nutritional needs for healthy pregnancy outcomes. The authors outline six recommendations for nutrition care for pregnant inmates, including (1) test for pregnancy; (2) prescribe prenatal vitamins; (3) follow nutrition recommendations outlined by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; (4) provide additional food, monitor over time, and allow for modifications to meet pregnancy needs; (5) ensure regular access to water; and (6) provide inmates with resources and education on healthy diet...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655158/coretracker-accurate-codon-reassignment-prediction-applied-to-mitochondrial-genomes
#9
Noutahi Emmanuel, Calderon Virginie, Blanchette Mathieu, Lang B Franz, El-Mabrouk Nadia
Motivation: Codon reassignments have been reported across all domains of life. With the increasing number of sequenced genomes, the development of systematic approaches for genetic code detection is essential for accurate downstream analyses. Three automated prediction tools exist so far: FACIL, GenDecoder and Bagheera; the last two respectively restricted to metazoan mitochondrial genomes and CUG reassignments in yeast nuclear genomes. These tools can only analyze a single genome at a time and are often not followed by a validation procedure, resulting in a high rate of false positives...
June 26, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650224/efficacy-of-structured-organizational-change-intervention-on-hiv-testing-in-correctional-facilities
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Steven Belenko, Christy Visher, Frank Pearson, Holly Swan, Michele Pich, Daniel O'Connell, Richard Dembo, Linda Frisman, Leah Hamilton, Jennifer Willett
This article presents findings from a multisite cluster randomized trial of a structured organizational change intervention for improving HIV testing services in jails and prisons. Matched pairs of prison and jail facilities were randomized to experimental and control conditions; all facilities received baseline training about best practices in HIV testing and other HIV services and selected an area of HIV services on which to focus improvement efforts. The experimental facilities formed local change teams and were provided external coaching based on the Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) process improvement model...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648083/temporal-signal-pattern-recognition-in-mass-spectrometry-a-method-for-rapid-identification-and-accurate-quantification-of-biomarkers-for-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-with-quality-assurance
#11
Alicia DiBattista, Nathan McIntosh, Monica Lamoureux, Osama Y Al-Dirbashi, Pranesh Chakraborty, Philip Britz-McKibbin
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomic initiatives that use conventional separation techniques are limited by low sample throughput and complicated data processing that contribute to false discoveries. Herein, we introduce a new strategy for unambiguous identification and accurate quantification of biomarkers for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) from dried blood spots (DBS) with quality assurance. A multiplexed separation platform based on multisegment injection-capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (MSI-CE-MS) was developed to provide comparable sample throughput to flow injection analysis-tandem MS (FIA-MS/MS) but with greater selectivity as required for confirmatory testing and discovery-based metabolite profiling of volume-restricted biospecimens...
July 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644640/publisher-s-note-facile-anhydrous-proton-transport-on-hydroxyl-functionalized-graphane-phys-rev-lett-118-186101-2017
#12
Abhishek Bagusetty, Pabitra Choudhury, Wissam A Saidi, Bridget Derksen, Elizabeth Gatto, J Karl Johnson
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.186101.
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643746/breast-cancer-screening-practices-amongst-female-tertiary-health-worker-in-nnewi
#13
Chimezie Innocent Madubogwu, Amobi Ochonma Egwuonwu, Ngozi Ukamaka Madubogwu, Ifeoma A Njelita
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in Nigeria and other developing countries is characterized by late presentation and poor outcome due to ignorance, superstition, self-denial, fear of mastectomy, and unavailability of treatment facilities. The mortality of breast cancer in Western world is decreasing due to early detection and better management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at accessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast cancer screening among female tertiary health workers...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640900/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-consumption-of-soft-semi-solid-or-solid-food-among-infants-in-boucle-du-mouhoun-burkina-faso-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Jenny A Cresswell, Rasmané Ganaba, Sophie Sarrassat, Simon Cousens, Henri Somé, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Veronique Filippi
INTRODUCTION: Exclusive breastfeeding is among the most effective interventions for preventing child mortality. The objectives of this paper are to describe infant feeding knowledge and practices in Boucle du Mouhoun, Burkina Faso; to identify predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among infants <6 months, and consumption of soft, semi-solid or solid food among infants 6-11 months; to describe mothers' sources of information regarding breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey (n = 2288) of a representative sample of women aged 15-49 years with at least one live birth in past year took place during June and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639389/implementing-two-nurse-practitioner-models-of-service-at-an-australian-male-prison-a-quality-assurance-study
#15
Ides Wong, Eryn Wright, Damian Santomauro, Raquel How, Christopher Leary, Meredith Harris
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the quality and safety of nurse practitioner services of two newly implemented nurse practitioner models of care at a correctional facility. BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners could help to meet the physical and mental health needs of Australia's growing prison population; however, the nurse practitioner role has not previously been evaluated in this context. DESIGN: A quality assurance study conducted in an Australian prison where a primary health nurse practitioner and a mental health nurse practitioner were incorporated into an existing primary healthcare service...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633131/dose-calculation-using-haar-wavelets-with-buildup-correction
#16
K Belkadhi, K Elhamdi, M Bhar, K Manai
In this work, we focus on the buildup correction of dose calculation using Haar wavelets in the Tunisian gamma irradiation facility. The buildup effect of gamma rays was used to adjust absorbed dose calculation for different depth in the irradiated products. A buildup study with different product densities was carried out to generalize the dose adjustment approach to any product at any depth.
June 15, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626986/trends-in-sleep-studies-performed-for-medicare-beneficiaries
#17
Whitney Chiao, Megan L Durr
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To quantify trends and characteristics of sleep studies performed for Medicare beneficiaries in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Part B National Summary Data and Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: Sleep study data were analyzed according to type of study performed, total expenditure amount, provider specialty, and geographic location...
June 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619880/psychiatric-services-in-correctional-facilities-third-edition
#18
Babatunde Adetunji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619198/cardiovascular-disease-in-incarcerated%C3%A2-populations
#19
REVIEW
Emily A Wang, Nicole Redmond, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Becky Pettit, Marc Stern, Jue Chen, Susan Shero, Erin Iturriaga, Paul Sorlie, Ana V Diez Roux
Currently, 2.2 million individuals are incarcerated, and more than 11 million have been released from U.S. correctional facilities. Individuals with a history of incarceration are more likely to be of racial and ethnic minority populations, poor, and have higher rates of cardiovascular risk factors, especially smoking and hypertension. Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among incarcerated individuals, and those recently released have a higher risk of being hospitalized and dying of cardiovascular disease compared with the general population, even after accounting for differences in racial identity and socioeconomic status...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617977/psychometric-assessment-of-the-cultural-capacity-scale-spanish-version-in-chilean-nursing-students
#20
J P Cruz, F A Machuca Contreras, J E Ortiz López, C A Zapata Aqueveque, L M Vitorino
AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the Cultural Capacity Scale Spanish version in Chilean nursing students. BACKGROUND: The increased diversity in healthcare facilities and the current shortage of local nursing workforce in Chile present a significant challenge to the nursing education to train future competent local nurses. To facilitate cultural competence development among Chilean nursing students, it is necessary to regularly assess their cultural competence, which necessitates a culturally adapted valid and reliable tool...
June 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
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