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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221389/nuclear-spin-parity-dependent-spectroscopy-and-predissociation-dynamics-in-voh-2-%C3%A2-0-overtone-excited-ne-h2o-clusters-theory-and-experiment
#1
Michael P Ziemkiewicz, Christian Pluetzer, Jérôme Loreau, Ad van der Avoird, David J Nesbitt
Vibrationally state selective overtone spectroscopy and state- and nuclear spin-dependent predissociation dynamics of weakly bound ortho- and para-Ne-H2O complexes (D0(ortho) = 34.66 cm-1 and D0(para) = 31.67 cm-1) are reported, based on near-infrared excitation of van der Waals cluster bands correlating with vOH = 2 ← 0 overtone transitions (|02-〉 and |02+〉) out of the ortho (101) and para (000) internal rotor states of the H2O moiety. Quantum theoretical calculations for nuclear motion on a high level potential energy surface [CCSD(T)/VnZf12 (n = 3, 4)], corrected for basis set superposition error and extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit, are employed to successfully predict and assign Π-Σ, Σ-Σ, and Σ-Π infrared bands in the spectra, where Σ or Π represent approximate projections of the body-fixed H2O angular momentum along the Ne-H2O internuclear axis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#2
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211793/assessing-infection-control-practices-to-protect-health-care-workers-and-patients-in-malawi-from-nosocomial-transmission-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#3
Robert J Flick, Adamson Munthali, Katherine Simon, Mina Hosseinipour, Maria H Kim, Lameck Mlauzi, Peter N Kazembe, Saeed Ahmed
Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in health settings threatens health care workers and people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Nosocomial transmission is reduced with implementation of infection control (IC) guidelines. The objective of this study is to describe implementation of TB IC measures in Malawi. We conducted a cross-sectional study utilizing anonymous health worker questionnaires, semi-structured interviews with facility managers, and direct observations at 17 facilities in central Malawi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204224/bacteriology-and-antibiogram-of-urinary-tract-infection-among-female-patients-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#4
REVIEW
Angus N Oli, Vivian B Akabueze, Chijioke E Ezeudu, George U Eleje, Obiora S Ejiofor, Ifeanyichukwu U Ezebialu, Charlotte B Oguejiofor, Ifeoma M Ekejindu, George O Emechebe, Kenneth N Okeke
Background: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a common contagion among men and women with the incidence relatively higher among women due to their differing anatomy. An understanding of the kind of pathogens implicated in urinary tract infections as well as antibiotic susceptibility profiling may help the clinician make rationally correct empirical choice in their treatment. Objective: This study is aimed at determining the type and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacterial uropathogens isolated from female patients attending Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital (COOUTH), Awka, Nigeria...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202097/targeted-community-based-interventions-improved-malaria-management-competencies-in-rural-ghana
#5
Isabella A Quakyi, George O Adjei, David J Sullivan, Judith K Stephens, Amos Laar, Vivian N Ama Aubyn, Richmond Owusu, Kwame S Sakyi, Nathaniel Coleman, Francis D Krampa, Linda Vanotoo, Julliette Tuakli, Bernard B Bortei, Edward Essuman, Felix Sorvor, Isaac A Boateng, Constance Bart-Plange, Ebenezer A Addison, Peter Winch, Andrew A Adjei
Background: Malaria is one of the most challenging public health concerns in the developing world. To address its impact in endemic regions, several interventions are implemented by stakeholders. The Affordable Medicine Facility-malaria (AMFm) is an example of such interventions. Its activities include communication interventions to enhance the knowledge of caregivers of children under five years, licensed chemical sellers (LCS) and prescribers on malaria management with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199502/adhd-among-offenders-prevalence-and-relationship-with-psychopathic-traits
#6
Ana Machado, Diana Rafaela, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Joaquim Cerejeira
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies have shown a strong association between ADHD and criminal behavior. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD in a high-security facility and to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and psychopathic traits in criminal offenders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited between October 2015 and January 2016 among the inmates from a high-security all-male correctional facility in Portugal...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179811/economic-modelling-of-telehealth-substitution-of-face-to-face-specialist-outpatient-consultations-for-queensland-correctional-facilities
#7
Monica Taylor, Liam J Caffery, Paul A Scuffham, Anthony C Smith
Objective The provision of healthcare services to inmates in correctional facilities is costly and resource-intensive. This study aimed to estimate the costs of transporting prisoners from 11 Queensland correctional facilities to the Princess Alexandra Hospital Secure Unit (PAHSU) in Brisbane for non-urgent specialist outpatient consultations and identify the cost consequences that would result from the substitution of face-to-face visits with telehealth consultations.Methods A 12-month retrospective review of patient activity at the PAHSU was conducted to obtain the number of transfers per correctional facility...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176106/the-rikers-island-hot-spotters-exploring-the-needs-of-the-most-frequently-incarcerated
#8
Alex Harocopos, Bennett Allen, Sarah Glowa-Kollisch, Homer Venters, Denise Paone, Ross Macdonald
A cohort of frequently incarcerated individuals in the New York City jail system was identified through "hot spotting" analysis. This group demonstrated higher levels of substance use, mental illness, and homelessness than the general jail population, and was typically incarcerated on minor criminal charges. To understand this population better, in-depth interviews (n = 20) were conducted at three Rikers Island correctional facilities with people who had entered the jail system at least 18 times in a six-year period...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173225/preventing-respiratory-viral-transmission-in-long-term-care-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-healthcare-personnel
#9
Caroline A O'Neil, Lindsay Kim, Mila M Prill, Nimalie D Stone, Shikha Garg, H Keipp Talbot, Hilary M Babcock
OBJECTIVE To examine knowledge and attitudes about influenza vaccination and infection prevention practices among healthcare personnel (HCP) in a long-term-care (LTC) setting. DESIGN Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey. SETTING An LTC facility in St Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS All HCP working at the LTC facility were eligible to participate, regardless of department or position. Of 170 full- and part-time HCP working at the facility, 73 completed the survey, a 42.9% response rate. RESULTS Most HCP agreed that respiratory viral infections were serious and that hand hygiene and face mask use were protective...
December 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166477/regional-differences-in-infection-control-conditions-in-a-sample-of-primary-health-care-services-in-brazil
#10
Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Vera Lúcia Silva Resende, Kyu Ha Lee, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, Jacqueline Rose Starr
International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166187/cognitive-behavioral-and-family-psychoeducational-therapies-for-adolescent-inmates-experiencing-anxiety-in-a-narcotics-correctional-facility
#11
Madepan Mulia, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani
Illicit substance use is becoming a major global issue. In Indonesia, inmates imprisoned for illicit substance offences accounted for 40% of the total inmate population. This study aimed to identify the effects of cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies on inmates' anxiety in the narcotics correctional facility. Quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with control group was employed in this study. Intervention Group 1 received a general nursing intervention whereas Intervention Group 2 received a combination of general nursing intervention with cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162155/timing-of-first-focused-antenatal-care-booking-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-mothers-who-attend-antenatal-care-in-central-zone-tigray-ethiopia
#12
Gebreamlak Gidey, Birhane Hailu, Kidane Nigus, Tesfay Hailu, Woldegebriel G/Her, Hadgu Gerensea
OBJECTIVE: Focused antenatal care became the recommended type of antenatal care following the publication of a World Health Organization trial on antenatal care where it was discovered that the traditional antenatal care approach do not necessarily improve pregnancy out-come. This study was aimed to assess timing of first focused antenatal care booking and associated factors among pregnant mothers. Facility based cross sectional study was used in the randomly selected health facilities...
November 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161971/lying-to-patients-with-dementia-attitudes-versus-behaviours-in-nurses
#13
Daniela Cantone, Francesco Attena, Sabrina Cerrone, Antonio Fabozzi, Riccardo Rossiello, Laura Spagnoli, Concetta Paola Pelullo
BACKGROUND: Using lies, in dementia care, reveals a common practice far beyond the diagnosis and prognosis, extending to the entire care process. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report results about the attitude and the behaviour of nurses towards the use of lies to patients with dementia. RESEARCH DESIGN: An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017 in 12 elderly residential facilities and in the geriatric, psychiatric and neurological wards of six specialised hospitals of Italy's Campania Region...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157193/effect-of-ventilation-velocity-on-hexavalent-chromium-and-isocyanate-exposures-in-aircraft-paint-spraying
#14
James Bennett, David Marlow, Fariba Nourian, James Breay, Amy Feng, Mark Methner
Exposure control system performance was evaluated during aircraft paint spraying at a military facility. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, tracer gas testing, and exposure monitoring examined contaminant exposure versus crossflow ventilation velocity. CFD modeling using the RNG k-ϵ turbulence model showed exposures to simulated methyl isobutyl ketone of 294 and 83.6 ppm, as a spatial average of five worker locations, for velocities of 0.508 and 0.381 m/s (100 and 75 fpm) respectively. In tracer gas experiments, observed supply/exhaust velocities of 0...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152309/reticulocytosis-in-screen-printing-workers-exposed-to-2-butoxyethanol-and-2-ethoxyethanol
#15
Seng-Ho Song, Seong-Kyu Kang, Won-Jun Choi, Kyeong Min Kwak, Dong-Hoon Lee, Dyuk-Yoon Kang, Sang-Ha Lee
Background: Studies on the hematologic toxicity of ethylene glycol ethers in humans are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between exposure to solvents (containing 2-butoxyethanol and 2-ethoxyethanol) and hematological effects. Methods: Thirty-four screen-printing workers who were exposed to 2-butoxyethanol and 2-ethoxyethanol and 37 non-exposed clerical workers were selected using data from the health care facilities that provided regular health screening services...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142555/exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-working-women-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Aroona Sabin, Farida Manzur, Saleem Adil
Objective: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Faisalabad city within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016. Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135727/comparative-cost-analysis-of-single-and-mutli-stage-temporal-deformity-correction-following-neurosurgical-procedures
#17
Anthony Asemota, Gabriel F Santiago, Susan Zhong, Chad R Gordon
PURPOSE: Temporal hollowing deformity (THD) is a visible concavity/convexity in the temporal fossa; a complication often seen following neurosurgical/craniofacial procedures. Although numerous techniques have been described, no study to date has shown the healthcare costs associated with temporal hollowing correction surgery. Thus, the purpose here is to compare and contrast the direct costs related to temporal cranioplasty using various methods including: liquid poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) implants with screw fixation, prebent, modified titanium mesh implants, and customized cranial implants (CCIs) with dual-purpose design...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134856/boston-offender-needs-delivery-project
#18
Leila Salem, Emily Reichert, Julianne Siegfriedt, Taylor Hall, Stephanie W Hartwell
To bridge a gap in access to community services for releasing state inmates, the Boston Offender Needs Delivery (BOND) project was developed as a longitudinal study (2014-2016) of adult inmates with a history of substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders returning to the community following detention in one of Massachusetts' State correctional facilities. Pre-release inmates who were wrapping up their sentence (i.e., no community supervision) and presented with mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131730/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#19
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128229/proton-beam-therapy-for-iris-melanomas-in-107-patients
#20
Juliette Thariat, Ahmed Rahmi, Julia Salleron, Carlo Mosci, Benjamin Butet, Celia Maschi, Francesco Lanza, Sara Lanteri, Stephanie Baillif, Joel Herault, Thibaud Mathis, Jean Pierre Caujolle
PURPOSE: To report on the clinical characteristics and outcomes for patients with iris melanoma using proton therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seven patients with iris melanoma from 3 regional ophthalmologic centers. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for iris melanoma patients from 3 regional ophthalmologic centers referred to and treated at a single proton therapy facility between 1996 and 2015...
November 8, 2017: Ophthalmology
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