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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909605/anemia-in-conventional-hemodialysis-finding-the-optimal-treatment-balance
#1
Takeshi Hasegawa, Fumihiko Koiwa, Tadao Akizawa
Renal anemia is a serious and common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The introduction of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) has dramatically improved hemoglobin levels and outcomes. Several interventional studies reported that excessive correction of anemia and the massive use of ESA can trigger cardiovascular disease (CVD), and consequently may worsen the prognosis of patients undergoing HD. Therefore, it has been widely recognized that large doses of ESA should be used with caution. An effective use of iron preparations is required to yield the optimal effect of ESA...
June 17, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909600/patients-knowledge-about-the-outcomes-of-thyroid-biopsy-a-patient-survey
#2
Naykky Singh Ospina, Ana Castaneda-Guarderas, Russell Ward, Juan P Brito, Spyridoula Maraka, Claudia Zeballos Palacios, Kathleen J Yost, Diana S Dean, Victor M Montori
PURPOSE: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid is an increasingly common outpatient procedure. Patients are counseled about the indications and risks of this procedure and informed consent is obtained. We aimed to assess the extent to which patients acquired necessary knowledge during this process. METHODS: Survey study conducted in a thyroid nodule clinic at a referral center. Adult patients who had just undergone a thyroid biopsy were asked to complete a survey, including eight questions regarding the indications and potential outcomes of thyroid biopsy...
June 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909562/reporting-adverse-drug-reactions-contribution-knowledge-and-perception-of-german-pharmacy-professionals
#3
Anna Laven, Katharina Schmitz, Wilhelm-Hubertus Franzen
Background The detection, assessment and prevention of adverse drug reactions along the product's life cycle is known as pharmacovigilance. German pharmacists are obliged by law to conduct pharmacovigilance measures, a specific training is not required. Objectives To assess the knowledge, contribution and perception of German pharmacy professionals regarding pharmacovigilance activities, in order to identify their needs to report better on the issue. Setting A semi-quantitative survey among German pharmacy professionals was conducted in November 2017...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909553/increasing-quality-of-life-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-is-there-a-role-for-nutrition
#4
REVIEW
Paulien Vinke, Suzanne M Jansen, Renger F Witkamp, Klaske van Norren
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease primarily affecting the pulmonary vasculature and heart. PAH patients suffer from exercise intolerance and fatigue, negatively affecting their quality of life. This review summarizes current insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PAH. It zooms in on the potential involvement of nutritional status and micronutrient deficiencies on PAH exercise intolerance and fatigue, also summarizing the potential benefits of exercise and nutritional interventions...
June 16, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909537/existing-agricultural-ecosystem-in-china-leads-to-environmental-pollution-an-econometric-approach
#5
Lei Hongdou, Li Shiping, Li Hao
Sustainable agriculture ensures food security and prevents starvation. However, the need to meet the increasing food demands of the growing population has led to poor and unsustainable agricultural practices, which promote environmental degradation. Given the contributions of agricultural ecosystems to environmental pollution, we investigated the impact of the agricultural ecosystem on environmental pollution in China using time series data from 1960 to 2014. We employed several methods for econometric analysis including the unit root test, Johansen test of cointegration, Granger causality test, and vector error correction model...
June 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909478/correction-to-reproducibility-and-validity-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-treatment-burden-on-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-diabetic-treatment-burden-questionnaire-dtbq
#6
Hitoshi Ishii, Koki Shin, Takahiro Tosaki, Tatsuya Haga, Yoshiki Nakajima, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Nobuaki Watanabe, Miyuki Koizumi, Hiroki Nakajima, Sadanori Okada, Tsuyoshi Mashitani, Takako Mohri, Yasuhiro Akai
In the original publication, second author's name was incorrectly published as Hiroki Shin. The correct name should read as 'Koki Shin'.
June 16, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909463/correction-to-the-effects-of-resveratrol-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
ShadiSadat Seyyedebrahimi, Hadi Khodabandehloo, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Reza Meshkani
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In vitro and animal studies have shown that resveratrol exerts an antioxidant effect, but clinical trials addressing this effect in patients with T2D are limited. The aim of this study was to determine whether resveratrol supplementation affects oxidative stress markers in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial.
June 16, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909461/timing-of-grip-and-goal-activation-during-action-perception-a-priming-study
#8
Jérémy Decroix, Solène Kalénine
Several models of action recognition acknowledge the involvement of distinct grip and goal representations in the processing of others' actions. Yet, their functional role and temporal organization are still debated. The present priming study aimed at evaluating the relative timing of grip and goal activation during the processing of photographs of object-directed actions. Action could be correct or incorrect owing to grip and/or goal violations. Twenty-eight (Experiment 1) and 25 (Experiment 2) healthy adults judged the correctness of target actions according to object typical use...
June 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909452/correction-to-stem-cells-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth-modulate-early-astrocyte-response-after-spinal-cord-contusion
#9
Fabrício Nicola, Marília Rossato Marques, Felipe Odorcyk, Letícia Petenuzzo, Dirceu Aristimunha, Adriana Vizuete, Eduardo Farias Sanches, Daniela Pavulack Pereira, Natasha Maurmann, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves, Patricia Pranke, Carlos Alexandre Netto
The authors hereby declare that the Figure 4 in page eight of the paper "Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth modulate early astrocyte response after spinal cord contusion" authored by Fabrício Nicola and colleagues (DOI: 10.1007/s12035-018-1127-4) was mistakenly included.
June 16, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909408/design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-help-study-an-extended-and-long-term-observation-of-pathological-myopia-in-caucasians
#10
Charlotte Melzer, Focke Ziemssen, Nicole Eter, Christian Brinkmann, Hansjuergen Agostini, Gisela Haeusser-Fruh, Uwe Rose, Marc Schargus, Katrin Lorenz, Frank G Holz, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg
PURPOSE: To assess the natural disease progression of high myopia in Caucasians considered at risk for the development of myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV). METHODS: Subjects were recruited in 25 clinical sites between June 2014 and June 2016. Main inclusion criteria included axial length of ≥26 mm, best-corrected visual acuity ≥0.05 decimal equivalent and presence of at least one out of five predefined morphological disease risk criteria. These were (1) subfoveal choroidal thinning < 50 µm, (2) enhanced choroidal curvature length > 6,300 µm, (3) lacquer cracks, (4) patchy atrophy > 5 mm2 and (5) preexisting mCNV in the fellow eye (German Clinical Trial Register DRKS00007761)...
June 15, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909305/the-association-of-duration-and-severity-of-disease-with-executive-function-differences-between-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-depression
#11
Tao Yang, Guoqing Zhao, Ruizhi Mao, Jia Huang, Xianrong Xu, Yousong Su, Na Zhu, Rubai Zhou, Xiao Lin, Weiping Xia, Fan Wang, Rui Liu, Xing Wang, Zhijia Huang, Yong Wang, Yingyan Hu, Lan Cao, Chengmei Yuan, Zuowei Wang, Raymond W Lam, Jun Chen, Yiru Fang
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in executive function and the relationship with clinical factors between drug-naïve patients with bipolar depression (BDD) and unipolar depression (UPD). METHODS: Drug-naïve patients with BDD, UPD and healthy controls (HC) were recruited (30 cases in each group). All patients were assessed with Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-17 (HAM-D), and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909267/how-to-make-an-accurate-diagnosis-of-fetal-pyriform-sinus-fistula-in-utero-experience-at-a-single-medical-center-in-mainland-china
#12
Zequn Liu, Jin Han, Fang Fu, H S Liu, Qiu-Ming He, Wei Zhong, Hongying Wang, Xin Yang, Dongzhi Li, Can Liao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to make an accurate diagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) for prenatal diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were reviewed for all 35 pyriform sinus fistula patients presenting between 2011 and 2017. Ultrasonography (US), fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and karyotyping were offered during gestation, while computer tomography (CT) and barium esophagography were performed after birth. RESULTS: Patients included 21 males (60%) and 14 females (40%) with a sex ratio of 1...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909261/temporal-relationships-of-gh-igf-i-and-fructosamine-concentrations-in-pregnant-spanish-purebred-mares-a-substantial-contribution-from-the-hormonal-standpoint
#13
K Satué, M Marcilla, P Medica, C Cravana, E Fazio
Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) exert essential functions to maintain an adequate metabolic activity for correct placental and fetal development. Although fructosamine (FRUCT) is used in clinical evaluation to assess the glycaemic state, the relationships between GH, IGF-I and FRUCT remain unknown in the mare. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the relationships among these parameters in pregnant mares. A total of 30 healthy Spanish Purebred mares, with an age range of 9...
May 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909255/patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-retained-lens-fragments-in-the-anterior-chamber-after-uneventful-phacoemulsification
#14
John C Norton, Sunali Goyal
PURPOSE: To determine patient characteristics and outcomes for developing retained nuclear fragments in the anterior chamber after phacoemulsification in at-risk populations. SETTING: University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Jones Eye Institute, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Using Current Procedural Terminology codes 2006 to 2018, patients with a diagnosis of retained nuclear fragment in the anterior chamber after uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract extraction were identified...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909252/vector-analysis-of-high-%C3%A2-3-diopters-astigmatism-correction-using-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-and-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#15
Tommy C Y Chan, Yan Wang, Alex L K Ng, Jiamei Zhang, Marco C Y Yu, Vishal Jhanji, George P M Cheng
PURPOSE: To compare the astigmatic correction in high myopic astigmatism between small-incision lenticule extraction and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) using vector analysis. SETTING: Hong Kong Laser Eye Center, Hong Kong. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had correction of myopic astigmatism of 3.0 diopters (D) or more and had either small-incision lenticule extraction or femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK were included...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909229/functional-evaluation-of-bilateral-subtalar-arthroereisis-for-the-correction-of-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-1-year-follow-up
#16
Paolo Caravaggi, Giada Lullini, Lisa Berti, Sandro Giannini, Alberto Leardini
BACKGROUND: Flexible flatfoot (FFF) is a common alteration of the foot diagnosed in the pediatric population causing pain and decreased quality of life. Surgical treatment via arthroereisis of the subtalar joint can be recommended when non-invasive options do not result in sufficient pain relief. While clinical outcome of subtalar joint arthroereisis is generally positive, no functional evaluation has thus far been reported following surgery. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of two arthroereisis implants for the correction of bilateral FFF on foot and lower limb biomechanics during gait...
June 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909227/classification-of-non-tumorous-skin-pigmentation-disorders-using-voting-based-probabilistic-linear-discriminant-analysis
#17
Yunfeng Liang, Lei Sun, Wee Ser, Feng Lin, Steven Tien Guan Thng, Qiping Chen, Zhiping Lin
Non-tumorous skin pigmentation disorders can have a huge negative emotional impact on patients. The correct diagnosis of these disorders is essential for proper treatments to be instituted. In this paper, we present a computerized method for classifying five non-tumorous skin pigmentation disorders (i.e., freckles, lentigines, Hori's nevus, melasma and nevus of Ota) based on probabilistic linear discriminant analysis (PLDA). To address the large within-class variance problem with pigmentation images, a voting based PLDA (V-PLDA) approach is proposed...
June 5, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909167/label-free-raman-characterization-of-bacteria-calls-for-standardized-procedures
#18
Cristina García-Timermans, Peter Rubbens, Frederiek-Maarten Kerckhof, Benjamin Buysschaert, Dmitry Khalenkow, Willem Waegeman, Andre G Skirtach, Nico Boon
Raman spectroscopy has gained relevance in single-cell microbiology for its ability to detect bacterial (sub)populations in a non-destructive and label-free way. However, the Raman spectrum of a bacterium can be heavily affected by abiotic factors, which may influence the interpretation of experimental results. Additionally, there is no publicly available standard for the annotation of metadata describing sample preparation and acquisition of Raman spectra. This article explores the importance of sample manipulations when measuring bacterial subpopulations using Raman spectroscopy...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908984/vertical-right-axillary-mini-thoracotomy-for-correction-of-vsd-and-cavsd-commentary
#19
Ali Dodge-Khatami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908897/impacts-of-parathyroidectomy-on-calcium-and-phosphorus-metabolism-disorder-arterial-calcification-and-arterial-stiffness-in-haemodialysis-patients
#20
Zhuo Gao, Xiaomei Li, Jing Miao, Lide Lun
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and calcium and phosphorus metabolism disorder are important complications in haemodialysis patients. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) may prevent or delay the progress of vascular calcification in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of PTX on calcium and phosphorus metabolism, arterial calcification and arterial stiffness in haemodialysis patients with SHPT. METHODS: Twenty-one SHPT-haemodialysis patients were selected for PTX...
June 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
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