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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684942/reanalysis-of-the-trotter-tibia-quandary-and-its-continued-effect-on-stature-estimation-of-past-conflict-service-members
#1
Jeffrey James Lynch, Carrie Brown, Andrea Palmiotto, Heli Maijanen, Franklin Damann
Forensic casework from past-conflicts relies on the corrected historical Trotter data for stature estimation in Fordisc. For roughly 10 years', stature estimation using this data has produced point estimates for the tibia that are on average 1.25 inches less than the other long bones. This issue was identified after applying the equations derived from Fordisc to the USS Oklahoma commingled assemblage. Reevaluation of Fordisc revealed that a correction factor of 20 mm, instead of 10 mm, was mistakenly applied to the Trotter tibia data...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684930/-prevention-and-detection-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria
#2
Simone Scheithauer, Martin Kaase
Patients colonized or infected by multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR) are entitled to the same medical treatment as other patients and infection control measures based on the current evidence are not in conflict with this aim. Recent studies indicate that the correct sampling technique is of utmost importance when screening for MRSA and usage of certain swabs might reduce the sensitivity considerably. Despite improvements in diagnostic strategies for direct MRSA detection by PCR, false positive results cannot be totally excluded...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684918/correction-examining-the-construct-and-known-group-validity-of-a-composite-endpoint-for-the-older-persons-and-informal-caregivers-survey-minimum-data-set-topics-mds-a-large-scale-data-sharing-initiative
#3
Cynthia S Hofman, Jennifer E Lutomski, Han Boter, Bianca M Buurman, Anton J M de Craen, Rogier Donders, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Peter Makai, René J F Melis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173081.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684842/shear-force-analysis-by-core-location-in-longissimus-steaks-from-nellore-cattle-using-hyperspectral-images-a-feasibility-study
#4
Juliana Monteiro Balage, José Manuel Amigo, Daniel Silva Antonelo, Madeline Rezende Mazon, Saulo da Luz E Silva
Industry requires non-destructive real-time methods for quality control of meat in order to improve production efficiency and meet consumer expectations. Near Infrared Hyperspectral Images were used for tenderness evaluation of Nellore beef and the construction of tenderness distribution maps. To investigate whether the selection of the region of interest (ROI) in the image at the exact location where the shear force core was collected improves tenderness prediction and classification models, 50 samples from Longissimus muscle were imaged (1000-2500 nm) and shear force were measured (Warner-Bratzler)...
April 12, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684765/application-of-maldi-tof-ms-for-the-subtyping-of-arcobacter-butzleri-strains-and-comparison-with-their-mlst-and-pfge-types
#5
Federica Giacometti, Silvia Piva, Katleen Vranckx, Katrien De Bruyne, Ilenia Drigo, Alex Lucchi, Gerardo Manfreda, Andrea Serraino
For the first time, this study evaluated the use of MALDI-TOF as a typing tool for Arcobacter butzleri. A total of 104 A. butzleri strains isolated from different sources in an artisanal dairy plant in Italy were identified and typed using MALDI-TOF and compared with their multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles found in previous studies. MALDI-TOF correctly identified all the isolates to species level. No clearly delineated clusters appeared on dendrograms based on either the complete spectra or the significant peaks, but nine clusters were defined using the cophenetic correlation...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684638/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-survey-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-dentists-in-the-principality-of-asturias-spain
#6
M Escobedo, L García-Consuegra, S Junquera, S Olay, G Ascani, L Junquera
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge and capabilities of dentists and dental students in their last year of study in regard to risk factors of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of a questionnaire survey in Asturias, Spain. The study was divided into three groups: dentists who worked for the public dental health care system (n=32), dentists who worked exclusively as private health care practitioners (n= 136), and dental students in their last year (year five) of study (n= 38)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684465/an-asymptotic-theory-for-cross-correlation-between-auto-correlated-sequences-and-its-application-on-neuroimaging-data
#7
Yunyi Zhou, Chenyang Tao, Wenlian Lu, Jianfeng Feng
BACKGROUND: Functional connectivity is among the most important tools to study brain. The correlation coefficient, between time series of different brain areas, is the most popular method to quantify functional connectivity. Correlation coefficient in practical use assumes the data to be temporally independent. However, the time series data of brain can manifest significant temporal auto-correlation. NEW METHOD: A widely applicable method is proposed for correcting temporal auto-correlation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684329/vision-outcomes-following-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-of-diabetic-macular-edema-in-clinical-practice
#8
Nancy M Holekamp, Joanna Campbell, Arghavan Almony, Herbert Ingraham, Steven Marks, Hitesh Chandwani, Ashley L Cole, Szilárd Kiss
PURPOSE: To determine monitoring and treatment patterns, and vision outcomes in real-world patients initiating anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy for diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN: Retrospective interventional cohort study. METHODS: SETTING: Electronic medical record analysis of Geisinger Health System data. STUDY POPULATION: 110 patients (121 study eyes) initiating intravitreal ranibizumab or bevacizumab for DME during January 2007‒May 2012, with baseline corrected visual acuity of 20/40‒20/320, and ≥1 ophthalmologist visits during follow-up...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684328/visual-outcomes-after-implantation-of-a-segmental-refractive-multifocal-intraocular-lens-following-cataract-surgery
#9
Thomas Kohnen, Eva Hemkeppler, Michael Herzog, Sabrina Schönbrunn, Nina DeLorenzo, Kerstin Petermann, Myriam Böhm
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes with particular attention to intermediate visual acuity (VA), of a segmental refractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with optimized depth of focus (DoF) DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative case series. METHODS: Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe University, Frankfurt/Germany. PATIENT OR STUDY POPULATION: Fifty eyes (25 patients) were included. INCLUSION CRITERIA: bilateral cataract, age >45 years, corneal astigmatism ≤0...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684318/does-size-matter-when-calculating-the-correct-tidal-volume-for-pediatric-mechanical-ventilation-a-hypothesis-based-on-forced-vital-capacity
#10
Gina J Kim, Christopher J L Newth, Robinder G Khemani, Suzy L Wong, Allan L Coates, Patrick A Ross
BACKGROUND: Tidal volumes standardized to predicted body weight are recommended for adult mechanical ventilation, but children are frequently ventilated using measured body weight. Our goal is to examine the difference in forced vital capacity (FVC ml/kg) using measured compared to predicted body weight in children. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of outpatient pulmonary function tests (PFTs) from two datasets. Dataset one: 6 to 19 year old children undergoing PFTs from the nationally-representative Canadian Health Measures Survey...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684169/characterization-and-performance-tests-of-a-new-osl-tl-personal-dosemeter-for-individual-monitoring
#11
A L M C Malthez, E M Yoshimura, V L S N Button, M B Freitas
We propose a personal dosemeter based on the combination of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) detectors employing the advantages of both techniques. The new OSL/TL dosemeter using a badge manufactured in a 3D printer was tested for assessment of photon doses in simulated and actual situations of exposure. Additionally, Brazilian national performance tests adapted to the new dosemeter were run as well as the performance tests of international standards on the passive dosimetry systems...
April 19, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684095/correction-communicating-with-people-living-with-dementia-who-are-nonverbal-the-creation-of-adaptive-interaction
#12
Maggie Ellis, Arlene Astell
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180395.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684094/quantitative-analyses-of-factors-related-to-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#13
Mayumi Sainohira, Takehiro Yamashita, Hiroto Terasaki, Shozo Sonoda, Kazunori Miyata, Yusuke Murakami, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Takeshi Morimoto, Takao Endo, Takashi Fujikado, Junko Kamo, Taiji Sakamoto
The purpose of this study is to determine the factors related to anxiety and depression in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The status of anxiety and depression was determined in RP patients with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire which consisted of subscales for HADS-anxiety (HADS-A) and HADS-depression (HADS-D). The vision-specific quality of life (VSQOL) was assessed with the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ25). The correlations between the HADS-A or HADS-D scores and vision-related clinical parameters such as the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), Functional Acuity Score, Functional Field Score, Functional Vision Score, the NEI- VFQ25 subscale score were determined...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684075/correction-distance-accessibility-and-costs-decision-making-during-childbirth-in-rural-sierra-leone-a-qualitative-study
#14
Laura Treacy, Håkon A Bolkan, Mette Sagbakken
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188280.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684074/correction-association-of-whale-sharks-rhincodon-typus-with-thermo-biological-frontal-systems-of-the-eastern-tropical-pacific
#15
John P Ryan, Jonathan R Green, Eduardo Espinoza, Alex R Hearn
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182599.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684070/correction-itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-spirulina-platensis-in-response-to-low-temperature-stress
#16
Qingye Li, Rong Chang, Yijun Sun, Bosheng Li
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166876.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684068/correction-the-phylogenetic-analysis-of-vp1-genomic-region-in-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-o-isolates-in-sri-lanka-reveals-the-existence-of-srl-97-a-newly-named-endemic-lineage
#17
S A E Abeyratne, S S C Amarasekera, L T Ranaweera, T B Salpadoru, S M N K Thilakarathne, N J Knowles, J Wadsworth, S Puvanendiran, H Kothalawala, B K Jayathilake, H A Wijithasiri, M M P S K Chandrasena, S D S S Sooriyapathirana
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194077.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684064/correction-individual-and-temporal-variability-of-the-retina-after-chronic-bilateral-common-carotid-artery-occlusion-bccao
#18
Sergio Crespo-Garcia, Nadine Reichhart, Sergej Skosyrski, Marco Foddis, Jim Wu, Aleksandar Figura, Christina Herrspiegel, Martina Füchtemeier, Celeste Sassi, Ulrich Dirnagl, Antonia M Joussen, Olaf Strauss
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193961.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684062/correction-time-to-acquire-and-lose-carriership-of-esbl-pampc-producing-e-coli-in-humans-in-the-netherlands
#19
Peter F M Teunis, Eric G Evers, Paul D Hengeveld, Cindy M Dierikx, Cornelia C H Wielders, Engeline van Duijkeren
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193834.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684059/supervised-machine-learning-reveals-introgressed-loci-in-the-genomes-of-drosophila-simulans-and-d-sechellia
#20
Daniel R Schrider, Julien Ayroles, Daniel R Matute, Andrew D Kern
Hybridization and gene flow between species appears to be common. Even though it is clear that hybridization is widespread across all surveyed taxonomic groups, the magnitude and consequences of introgression are still largely unknown. Thus it is crucial to develop the statistical machinery required to uncover which genomic regions have recently acquired haplotypes via introgression from a sister population. We developed a novel machine learning framework, called FILET (Finding Introgressed Loci via Extra-Trees) capable of revealing genomic introgression with far greater power than competing methods...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Genetics
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