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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245169/-mistakes-and-drawbacks-in-german-newspaper-articles-on-epidemiologic-studies-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-as-an-example
#1
Bernd Kowall, Andreas Stang
Background Results of epidemiologic studies are often reported in the media because they are of vital interest for many people. Using the example of meat consumption and colorectal cancer, we investigated whether results of epidemiologic studies are reported in an understandable and correct manner in German newspapers and magazines. Methods We gathered all articles published in 13 selected German newspapers and magazines that referred to a press release on meat consumption and colorectal cancer issued by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on October 26th 2015...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245124/bisphenol-and-phthalate-concentrations-and-its-determinants-among-pregnant-women-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-netherlands-2004-5
#2
Elise M Philips, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Eric A P Steegers, Susana Santos, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenols and phthalates in pregnancy may lead to adverse health effects in women themselves and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: To describe first trimester bisphenol and phthalate urine concentrations, including bisphenol and phthalate replacements, and determine nutritional, socio-demographic and lifestyle related determinants. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort of 1396 mothers, we measured first trimester bisphenol, phthalate and creatinine urine concentrations (samples collected in 2004-2005, median gestational age 12...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245112/spectroscopic-parameters-vibrational-levels-transition-dipole-moments-and-transition-probabilities-of-the-9-low-lying-states-of-the-ncl-cation
#3
Yuan Yin, Deheng Shi, Jinfeng Sun, Zunlue Zhu
This work calculates the potential energy curves of 9 Λ-S and 28Ω states of the NCl+ cation. The technique employed is the complete active space self-consistent field method, which is followed by the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction approach with the Davidson correction. The Λ-S states are X2Π, 12Σ+, 14Π, 14Σ+, 14Σ-, 24Π, 14Δ, 16Σ+, and 16Π, which are yielded from the first two dissociation channels of NCl+ cation. The Ω states are generated from these Λ-S states...
December 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245104/who-goes-first-understanding-hepatitis-c-risk-among-injecting-networks-in-the-prison-setting
#4
Lise Lafferty, Jake Rance, Carla Treloar
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C (HCV) is a blood-borne virus that is most commonly transmitted through shared injecting equipment. Due to the criminalisation of injecting drug use, HCV is highly prevalent among those incarcerated. Using a risk environment framework, this qualitative study sought to understand the role of HCV risk within injecting networks in the prison setting. METHODS: Thirty-two adult prisoners (n=24 men; n=8 women) with a history of injecting drug use participated in this qualitative sub-study...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245097/inverted-v-shaped-high-tibial-osteotomy-for-severe-tibia-vara-associated-with-turner-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Daisuke Abe, Satoshi Hamai, Ken Okazaki, Masato Yoshimoto, Takashi Komatsu, Yasuharu Nakashima
INTRODUCTION: Severe cases of genu varum represent a major challenge in obtaining normal configuration of the proximal tibia and overall limb alignment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We performed inverted V-shaped high tibial osteotomy (HTO) by using a locking plate for recurrent severe bilateral tibia vara in a 15-year-old female patient with Turner syndrome. Preoperative medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and standing femorotibial angle (FTA) of the right/left legs were 67°/69° and 197°/203°, respectively...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245094/concomitant-rhomboid-shaped-tibiae-and-fibulae-finger-like-projections-and-orthopedic-management-in-a-new-variant-of-nievergelt-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Tuna Pehlivanoğlu, Mehmet Demirel, Yavuz Sağlam, Halil İbrahim Balci, Hayati Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: The rare Nievergelt syndrome (NS) is the most severe form of mesomelic dysplasia and is characterized by disproportionate shortness of the limbs. The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical and radiological features of a rare case of NS. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we describe a female patient originally presenting with bilateral hand, lower leg, and foot deformities at the age of 10 years old. In addition to the characteristic features of NS, this patient presented with finger-like projections on her heels, bilateral hand anomalies, and atypical facial features...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#7
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244889/elderly-patients-with-ongoing-migraine-show-reduced-gray-matter-volume-in-second-somatosensory-cortex
#8
Sébastien Celle, Christelle Créac'h, Claire Boutet, Frédéric Roche, Florian Chouchou, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Roland Peyron
AIMS: To identify structural changes in gray matter in suspected migraine generators (the hypothalamus and/or brainstem nuclei) and pain pathways and to evaluate whether structural changes in migraine are definitive or resolve with age. METHODS: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was used to assess differences in gray matter between 39 healthy controls (HC), 25 episodic migraine (EM) subjects, and 37 subjects with a history of migraine (HM). In addition, morphometric changes were specifically investigated in suspected migraine generators and/or pain pathways...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244858/correction-protocols-for-the-delivery-of-small-molecules-to-the-two-spotted-spider-mite-tetranychus-urticae
#9
Takeshi Suzuki, María Urizarna España, Maria Andreia Nunes, Vladimir Zhurov, Wannes Dermauw, Masahiro Osakabe, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Miodrag Grbic, Vojislava Grbic
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180658.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244855/vitreous-hyper-reflective-dots-in-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-assessed-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#10
Wilfried Glatz, Gernot Steinwender, Lisa Tarmann, Eva Maria Malle, Marlene Schörkhuber, Werner Wackernagel, Goran Petrovski, Andreas Wedrich, Domagoj Ivastinovic
PURPOSE: This study compares the presence of vitreous hyper-reflective dots (VHDs) detected with optical coherence tomography (OCT) between eyes with pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) and those with no CME after cataract surgery. In addition, we evaluated the impact of VHDs on the responsiveness of pseudophakic CME to cortisone treatment. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. DESIGN: Retrospective, monocenter case-controlled study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244829/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-introducing-malaria-diagnostic-testing-in-drug-shops-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-uganda
#11
Kristian Schultz Hansen, Siân E Clarke, Sham Lal, Pascal Magnussen, Anthony K Mbonye
BACKGROUND: Private sector drug shops are an important source of malaria treatment in Africa, yet diagnosis without parasitological testing is common among these providers. Accurate rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) require limited training and present an opportunity to increase access to correct diagnosis. The present study was a cost-effectiveness analysis of the introduction of mRDTs in Ugandan drug shops. METHODS: Drug shop vendors were trained to perform and sell subsidised mRDTs and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) in the intervention arm while vendors offered ACTs following presumptive diagnosis of malaria in the control arm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244766/antifungal-activity-of-ramulus-cinnamomi-explored-by-%C3%A2-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-approach
#12
Chunpeng Wan, Pei Li, Chuying Chen, Xuan Peng, Mingxi Li, Ming Chen, Junsong Wang, Jinyin Chen
A ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based approach to metabolomics combined bioassay was used to elucidate the antifungal activity of cinnamaldehyde (the main active compound of Ramulus cinnamomi) isolated from Ramulus cinnamomi (RC). Orthogonal signal correction partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OSC-PLS-DA) of NMR data was constructed to analyze all the P. italicum data acquired from the control and treatment groups at 4, 8, and 12 h. Metabolic profiles disclosed metabolic changes that were related to the antifungal effects of cinnamaldehyde against P...
December 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244709/breastfeeding-initiation-associated-with-reduced-incidence-of-diabetes-in-mothers-and-offspring-correction
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244708/quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-2-years-after-vaginal-surgery-for-prolapse-correction
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244705/arthroscopic-repair-of-recurrent-posterior-shoulder-subluxation-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#15
Ricardo Grieshaber-Bouyer, Christian Gerber
CASE: A 53-year-old man presented with osteoarthritis (Walch biconcave [B2] glenoid retroversion, 22°; glenohumeral subluxation index, 65%) and a partial rupture of the supraspinatus tendon in the left shoulder. Following anatomic total joint replacement, he developed disabling recurrent posterior subluxation despite a stable prosthesis and a correctly centered glenoid head, as observed with postoperative radiography and computed tomography. In order to avoid bone loss and the complications associated with revision arthroplasty, we performed arthroscopic reefing of the posterior capsule as an experimental minimally invasive treatment...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244701/reconstruction-of-a-neglected-tibial-plateau-fracture-malunion-with-an-open-book-osteotomy-a-case-report
#16
Dimitrios S Mastrokalos, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Dimitrios Koulalis, Konstantinos C Soultanis, Vasileios A Kontogeorgakos, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
CASE: Surgical management of tibial plateau fractures can be challenging, and complications can be devastating. We report the case of a lateral tibial plateau fracture malunion with an associated intra-articular depression, which we treated with an open-book osteotomy, obviating the need for an early corrective osteotomy or knee arthroplasty. CONCLUSION: A tibial plateau fracture malunion can be reconstructed. The surgical team should give priority to salvage options, which can obviate or delay the need for and the implications of an early total knee arthroplasty, especially in a young and active patient...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244696/selective-spinal-fusion-for-neuromuscular-scoliosis-in-a-patient-with-pompe-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Atsushi Tanida, Shinji Tanishima, Tokumitsu Mihara, Aya Narita, Yoshihiro Maegaki, Hideki Nagashima
CASE: A 16-year-old girl with Pompe disease underwent surgery for scoliosis. She had been able to walk without any assistance, and kept her balance by swinging her waist. Therefore, we performed posterior selective spinal correction and fusion to avoid any adverse effects on walking ability that could occur with immobilization of the lumbosacral spine. After surgery, she was highly satisfied with her ability to perform the activities of daily living. CONCLUSION: For nonambulatory patients with scoliosis and Pompe disease, long fusion from the upper thoracic spine to the pelvis is generally required...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244695/recurrent-hip-dislocation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-treatment-with-sagittal-spinal-deformity-correction-a-case-report
#18
Yoon-Je Cho, Jung-Hee Lee, Sung Joon Shin, Kyung-Chung Kang
CASE: A 63-year-old woman with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who had undergone total hip arthroplasty 34 months previously presented after having multiple episodes of anterior hip dislocation; evaluation also revealed progressive osteoarthritis in the contralateral hip joint. The patient was managed with sagittal correction with pedicle subtraction osteotomy, which resulted in optimal positioning of the acetabular component and an upright posture. The patient had had no additional dislocation events in the involved hip and had reduced pain in the contralateral hip at the time of the 2-year follow-up...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244691/delayed-onset-sciatic-nerve-palsy-after-periacetabular-osteotomy-a-case-report
#19
Michael Leunig, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Aidin Eslam Pour, Silvia Willi-Dähn, Reinhold Ganz
CASE: A large surgical correction was required for severe hip dysplasia, which was associated with a delayed-onset sciatic nerve injury in an adolescent patient. A cortical bone spur on the outside of the acetabular fragment produced an indirect injury that became symptomatic during mobilization of the patient. CONCLUSION: The risk of direct injury to the sciatic nerve during a periacetabular osteotomy is quite low when the osteotomy is executed in extension with abduction of the hip and flexion of the knee to reduce tension on the sciatic nerve...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244666/natural-correction-and-adaptation-of-a-severely-deformed-sacral-dome-in-an-adolescent-with-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-a-case-report
#20
Kazuta Yamashita, Kosaku Higashino, Toshinori Sakai, Yoichiro Takata, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
CASE: A spinal deformity with wedging of L5 and rounding of the surface of the sacral dome is very common in pediatric patients with spondylolisthesis at the L5 vertebral level, and it has been well documented that severe spondylolisthesis is a good indication for spinal arthrodesis. We report the natural correction and adaptation of a severely deformed sacral dome with slippage (40.8%) in a pediatric patient with nonoperative treatment. CONCLUSION: Vertebral deformity in children can be reversible...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
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