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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#1
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022739/the-offender-job-search-self-efficacy-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#2
Femina P Varghese, Kendra M Anderson, Devon L Cummings, Erica Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to develop the Offender Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (OFJSSE) for the specific job search needs of the criminal justice population. Participants were 249 male inmates within 2 years of release from a state correctional facility in the southern region of the United States who identified mostly as Caucasian (56.2%), single (62.2%), working-class (45.4%) men with a mean age of 36.27 years (SD = 10.38). Initial validation data are described, including results of an exploratory factor analysis...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990989/enhancing-care-of-aged-and-dying-prisoners-is-e-learning-a-feasible-approach
#3
Susan J Loeb, Janice Penrod, Valerie H Myers, Brenda L Baney, Sophia M Strickfaden, Erin Kitt-Lewis, Rachel K Wion
BACKGROUND: Prisons and jails are facing sharply increased demands in caring for aged and dying inmates. Our Toolkit for Enhancing End-of-life Care in Prisons effectively addressed end-of-life (EOL) care; however, geriatric content was limited, and the product was not formatted for broad dissemination. Prior research adapted best practices in EOL care and aging; but, delivery methods lacked emerging technology-focused learning and interactivity. PURPOSES: Our purposes were to uncover current training approaches and preferences and to ascertain the technological capacity of correctional settings to deliver computer-based and other e-learning training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966393/exploring-relationships-between-delinquent-peer-groups-participation-in-delinquency-substance-abuse-and-injecting-drug-use-among-the-incarcerated-findings-from-a-national-sample-of-state-and-federal-inmates-in-the-united-states
#4
Phillip Marotta
The following study assesses the relationship between affiliating with delinquent peer groups, participation in delinquency, and several substance misuse and injecting drug use outcomes in a nationally representative sample of inmates in state and federal facilities in the United States. After controlling for potential confounders, affiliating with peers who engaged in deviant behaviors and participation in delinquency was associated with onset of alcohol and illicit drug use, substance dependence, alcohol dependence, types of substances used, and injecting drug use outcomes...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910551/effects-of-differences-in-the-availability-of-light-upon-the-circadian-rhythms-of-institutionalized-elderly
#5
José A Rubiño, Antoni Gamundí, Mourad Akaarir, Francesca Cañellas, Rubén Rial, Neus Ballester, M Cristina Nicolau
The aim of this study was to compare the availability of diurnal and nocturnal light in two residences for aged persons (R1 and R2, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, Spain). We found that the R1 inmates were exposed to lower amounts of light during waking time and higher amounts during sleeping time. The main traits of the circadian rhythms and the quality of sleep in the inmates of the two residences were found to be positively related to the availability of light during waking time and negatively to the increased light exposure during bed time...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910216/psychopathy-in-the-medical-emergency-department
#6
Stephen D Benning, Stephany M Molina, Emily A Dowgwillo, Christopher J Patrick, Karen F Miller, Alan B Storrow
Psychopathy is a personality disorder representing an admixture of a fearless and dominant temperament with an impulsive and antisocial orientation. A sample of 1,026 participants in the waiting room of the medical emergency department of a city hospital exhibited levels of fearless dominance similar to university undergraduates and federal inmates; their levels of impulsive antisociality fell between those of federal and state inmates. Both psychopathy factors were correlated with male gender, younger age, and more frequent average alcohol consumption...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#7
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776462/demographic-and-spatial-disparity-in-hiv-prevalence-among-incarcerated-population-in-the-us-a-state-level-analysis
#8
Srimoyee Bose
The purpose of this study was to explore empirically the presence of any spatial and demographic disparity in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rate among the prison inmates across 48 states in the US and compare the results for 2000 and 2010. HIV infection is a severe health issue for incarcerated populations in the US. In 2010, the rate of diagnosed HIV infection among inmates in state and federal prisons was five times more than the nonincarcerated population. The National Prisoner Statistics database was used to find the demographic disparities in HIV prevalence rate based on incarceration rate, gender, race/ethnicity, the proportion of non-US citizens, and proportion of population below 18 years...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759620/prevalence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-prison-inmates-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-the-correctional-and-detention-facility-of-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#9
Benjamin Séri, Ange Koffi, Christine Danel, Timothée Ouassa, Marcel-Angora Blehoué, Eric Ouattara, Jeanne-d'Arc Assemien, Jean-Marie Masumbuko, Patrick Coffie, Nathalie Cartier, Arnaud Laurent, Gilles Raguin, Denis Malvy, Thérèse N'Dri-Yoman, Serge P Eholié, Serge K Domoua, Xavier Anglaret, Marie-Catherine Receveur
BACKGROUND: In Côte d'Ivoire, a TB prison program has been developed since 1999. This program includes offering TB screening to prisoners who show up with TB symptoms at the infirmary. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary TB among inmates at the Correctional and Detention Facility of Abidjan, the largest prison of Côte d'Ivoire, 16 years after this TB program was implemented. METHODS: Between March and September 2015, inmates, were screened for pulmonary TB using systematic direct smear microscopy, culture and chest X-ray...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748325/the-sense-of-quality-of-life-and-religious-strategies-of-coping-with-stress-in-prison-inmates
#10
Elżbieta Talik, Bartłomiej Skowroński
The aim of the presented research was to analyze differences in religious strategies of coping with stress in a group of prison inmates characterized by different levels of the sense of quality of life-general, psychophysical, psychosocial, personal, and metaphysical. The participants were 390 males, aged 19-68 years, serving sentences in prisons in Poland. The measures used were the Sense of Quality of Life Questionnaire by M. Straś-Romanowska and K. I. Pargament's RCOPE Questionnaire. As expected, individuals with a high sense of quality of life-both general and pertaining to specific dimensions-more often chose positive religious strategies, whereas participants with a low sense of quality of life more often chose negative strategies...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656821/increased-coccidioidomycosis-among-inmates-at-a-california-prison-initial-investigation-in-2005-to-2006
#12
Lauren A Lee, Jean Yuan, Duc Vugia, Charlotte Wheeler, Robert Chapnick, Janet Mohle-Boetani
Since 2005, coccidioidomycosis has increased among inmates at a California prison. Our initial investigation found an incidence of 3,323 cases/100,000 persons. Black race, age ≥41 years, and residence on Yard C were significantly associated with coccidioidomycosis ( p < .05). Inmates at this prison have continued to be at risk for coccidioidomycosis.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650185/sexual-misconduct-in-prison-what-factors-affect-whether-incarcerated-women-will-report-abuses-committed-by-prison-staff
#13
Sheryl P Kubiak, Hannah J Brenner, Deborah Bybee, Rebecca Campbell, Cristy E Cummings, Kathleen M Darcy, Gina Fedock, Rachael Goodman-Williams
More than 80,000 prisoners each year are sexually victimized during incarceration, but only about 8% report victimization to correctional authorities. Complicating reporting is the fact that half of the perpetrators are staff members. Given the restrictive and highly regulated prison environment, studies that examine reporting behaviors are difficult to conduct and to date information available relied on those who have reported or hypothetical victimization studies. This study uses an ecological framework and archival data from a class action lawsuit of sexual misconduct to determine predictors of reporting...
August 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646844/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hiv-infection-among-male-prisoners-in-tehran-iran
#14
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Behnam Farhoudi, Minoo Mohraz, Fatemeh Golsoorat Pahlaviani, Mostafa Hosseini, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODS: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test...
June 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641217/the-aggressor-at-the-mirror-psychiatric-correlates-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-male-prison-inmates
#15
N Verdolini, A Murru, L Attademo, R Garinella, I Pacchiarotti, C Del Mar Bonnin, L Samalin, L Pauselli, M Piselli, A Tamantini, R Quartesan, A F Carvalho, E Vieta, A Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) causes important concern in prison inmates as it worsens morbidity and increases the risk for suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of DSH in a large sample of male prisoners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated male prisoners aged 18+ years. Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II Disorders and with the Addiction Severity Index-Expanded Version...
April 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632479/use-and-acceptability-of-salivary-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-in-an-english-young-offender-institution
#16
Sophie Candfield, Mannampallil I Samuel, David Ritchie, Candice McDonald, Michael Brady, Chris Taylor
People held in prison are at a high risk of having hepatitis C virus (HCV) and there is a public health drive in the UK to increase HCV testing in prisons and Young Offender Institutions (YOIs), with opt-out testing. There is an oral antibody test for HCV; this project aims to determine its acceptability in an English YOI setting. This project offered HCV oral point-of-care testing (POCT) using the OraQuick® test to 107 male young offenders attending a sexual health service at an English YOI, monitoring HCV positivity and evaluating acceptability...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#17
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597357/health-care-needs-and-service-use-among-male-prison-inmates-in-the-united-states-a-multi-level-behavioral-model-of-prison-health-service-utilization
#18
Kathryn M Nowotny
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to apply Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use to men's prisons to assess the direct and indirect effects of inmate predisposing characteristics through multiple types of need. Also examined are the effects of prison-specific enabling factors and the variation in use of health services across prisons. This study uses a nationally representative U.S. sample of men incarcerated in state prisons (n = 8816) and generalized structural equation and multilevel modeling...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453525/high-mortality-among-male-hiv-infected-patients-after-prison-release-art-is-not-enough-after-incarceration-with-hiv
#19
Florence Huber, Alice Merceron, Yoann Madec, Gueda Gadio, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Isabelle Coupez, Antoine Adenis, Leila Adriouch, Mathieu Nacher
CONTEXT: French Guiana is a South American French territory, where HIV prevalence consistently exceeds 1% in the adult population. In the only correctional facility, HIV prevalence fluctuates at around 4%. AIMS: After describing the population of HIV-positive inmates, we aimed to evaluate mortality after release from the correctional facility, and to identify its predictive factors. RATIONALE: Outside North American settings, data on treatment outcome and vital status of HIV-positive former inmates are scarce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449629/the-changing-epidemiology-of-hiv-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#20
Jacques Baillargeon, John S Pulvino, Jane E Leonardson, Lannette C Linthicum, Brie Williams, Joseph Penn, Robert S Williams, Gwen Baillargeon, Owen J Murray
Although the rate of HIV infection among US prison inmates is considerably higher than that of the general population, little is known about age-related changes in HIV-infected inmates over the last decade. This study of the nation's largest state prison system examined (1) whether the mean age of the HIV-infected inmate increased over the last decade, and (2) whether the prevalence of HIV and associated comorbidities varied according to age. The study population included all 230,103 inmates incarcerated in the Texas prison system for any duration during 2014...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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