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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#1
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852256/health-conditions-of-inmates-in-italy
#2
Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi, Teresa Di Fiandra
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, focusing on internal diseases. METHODS: We designed a specific clinical record using the Python programming language. We considered all of the diagnoses according to the ICD-9-CM. RESULTS: Of a total of 17,086 inmates, 15,751 were enrolled in our study (M = 14,835; F = 869), corresponding to 92...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849280/pap-smear-in-incarcerated-women
#3
Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi, Silvia Maria Santiago, Maria da Graça Garcia Andrade, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco
In Brazil, in 2012, 6.4% of the prison population was made up of women. The aim of the study was to verify the coverage of the Pap smear according to sociodemographic characteristics and health problems reported among incarcerated women. Cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013, considering the records of 702 inmates aged between 25 and 64 years and the duration of imprisonment (not less than 12 months). The average age of the women surveyed was 34.7 years. The performance of cervical cytology was reported by 26...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845835/lonely-too-long-redefining-and-reforming-juvenile-solitary-confinement
#4
Jessica Lee
Solitary confinement is a frequently used penal tool in all fifty states against all types of offenders. However, since its development in the 1800s, solitary confinement has been found to have damaging psychological effects. Juvenile inmates in particular suffer the greatest psychological damage from solitary confinement because their brains are still in a developmental state. This has led many to propose various reforms that would either end or limit the use of solitary confinement for those under the age of eighteen...
November 2016: Fordham Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816218/the-association-between-substance-use-and-physical-victimization-among-incarcerated-men-in-spanish-prisons
#5
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Nancy Wolff
Physical victimization and substance use are common behaviors inside prisons. Yet little is known about whether there is an association between substance use and physical victimization among male inmates. We examined the absolute and relative association between substance use (prior to, during, and both prior to and during incarceration) and physical victimization while incarcerated. For this study, 2484 men (mean age of 36.3years; SD=11.1) were sampled from eight prisons located in Spain. Information was collected using self-report questionnaires probing experiences of physical victimization while incarcerated and substance use prior to prison and during the past six months in prison...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696398/suicide-on-death-row
#6
Christine Tartaro, David Lester
Despite the level of supervision of inmates on death row, their suicide rate is higher than both the male prison population in the United States and the population of males over the age of 14 in free society. This study presents suicide data for death row inmates from 1978 through 2010. For the years 1978 through 2010, suicide rates on death row were higher than that for the general population of males over the age of 15 and for state prisons for all but 2 years.
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688799/the-associations-of-cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-irritability-with-mental-disorders-in-detained-male-adolescent-offenders
#7
Hannes Bielas, Steffen Barra, Christine Skrivanek, Marcel Aebi, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Cornelia Bessler, Belinda Plattner
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and psychiatric disorders are common in juvenile detainees. Emotional dysregulation resulting from cumulated ACEs may be characterized by symptoms of irritability. The present study examined whether the accumulation of ACEs, irritability, or both predicted mental disorders in incarcerated adolescents with and without controlling for one another and for socio-demographic factors. METHODS: One hundred thirty male detained juvenile offenders (aged 13...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672349/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-and-associated-risk-factors-in-the-central-prison-of-mbuji-mayi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#8
Guillaume MuasaPatoka Kalonji, Gérard De Connick, Léon Okenge Ngongo, Dieudonné Kazumba Nsaka, Thierry Kabengele, Félicien Tshimungu Kandolo, Félicien Ilunga-Ilunga, Albert Adelin, Didier Giet
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis still remains a major public health concern in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in prison settings. The present study aimed at determining tuberculosis (TB) prevalence and associated risk factors in inmates of the Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed over a 6-month period (January to June 2015) in Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. A total of 733 inmates were screened systematically for TB...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671447/psychological-distress-among-older-prisoners-associations-with-health-health-care-utilization-and-the-prison-environment
#9
Susan Baidawi, Christopher Trotter
Physical and functional health issues among older prisoners may be difficult to address in an environment designed for younger inmates. This article investigates the relationships between older prisoners' health, their experiences of the prison environment and health services, and their levels of psychological distress. One hundred and seventy-three older prisoners (aged 50 years and older) from eight Australian prisons were interviewed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with additional information collected from prisoner interviews and correctional health files...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665840/psychiatry-and-the-dying-prisoner
#10
Annette Hanson
Due to the growing number of ageing prisoners in the American correctional system, penal institutions are increasingly caring for patients with chronic and potentially terminal medical conditions. To address this problem states have attempted sentencing reform initiatives and adopted compassionate release programmes; however, these efforts have failed to significantly reduce the number of elderly or seriously ill inmates. Correctional mental health services are now called upon to aid in the care of prisoners at the end of life...
September 26, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660559/suicidal-ideation-in-a-united-states-jail-demographic-and-psychiatric-correlates
#11
Karen E Schaefer, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, June P Tangney
Suicidal behavior is a significant problem in United States jails. Suicidal ideation (SI) is an established precursor to suicidal behavior in incarcerated populations. No studies to date have examined the prevalence of SI or its correlates in a mixed gender U.S. jail sample. The purpose of the present study was to document rates of SI in a mixed gender jail sample and examine socio-demographic and psychiatric correlates. This study of 511 jail inmates found that approximately 16% of participants reported clinically significant SI upon incarceration...
2016: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607328/from-prison-to-the-streets-can-importation-work-in-reverse
#12
Glenn D Walters
The purpose of this study was to determine whether prison misconduct is capable of predicting rearrest and whether criminal thinking plays a role in this relationship. Two hypotheses, a variable-centered hypothesis and a person-centered hypothesis, were tested in a group of 951 male federal inmates, with results showing that at the variable level, prison misconduct predicted arrests for more serious crimes (person offenses) but not for less serious crimes (nonperson offenses). In an effort to examine the prison misconduct-community recidivism relationship at the person level, latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was performed on offending indicators across 3 nonoverlapping time periods: before prison (prior convictions), in prison (annual rate of incident reports), and after prison (total subsequent arrests)...
September 8, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570960/-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-incomers-in-remire-montjoly-prison-french-guiana
#13
Romain Arnal, Gülen Ayhan, Éric Pinganaud, Célia Basurko, Louis Jehel
Despite the recent interest in psychiatric illness in prison, the psychopathology of the Remire-Montjoly prison population remains largely unknown. Subject to significant population movements, French Guiana and its prison houses a very mixed population in which recent history has left a strong mark (earthquake in Haïti, civil war in Suriname, violence related to gold mining population and drug trafficking). These negative life events appear as potential vectors of psychological trauma. Additionally, strong links have been established in the literature between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and many other psychiatric disorders, including suicidal behavior and addictions...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548016/the-association-of-recent-incarceration-and-health-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-adults-receiving-care-in-the-united-states
#14
Muazzam Nasrullah, Emma Frazier, Jennifer Fagan, Felicia Hardnett, Jacek Skarbinski
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe factors associated with incarceration as well as the association between recent incarceration and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors, access to insurance, healthcare utilization (emergency department (ED) and hospital use), antiretroviral therapy (ART) prescription, and viral suppression. Design/methodology/approach Using 2009-2010 data from a cross-sectional, nationally representative three-stage sample of HIV-infected adults receiving care in the USA, the authors assessed the demographic characteristics, healthcare utilization, and clinical outcomes of HIV-infected persons who had been recently incarcerated (detention for>24 hours in the past year) using bivariate analyses...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484085/risk-factors-associated-with-intestinal-parasitic-infections-among-inmates-of-kisii-prison-kisii-county-kenya
#15
Dickson Cheruiyot Rop, Benson Omweri Nyanchongi, Johnson Nyangeri, Vincent Obino Orucho
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections are a major health problem worldwide. In Kenya intestinal parasitic infections are highly prevalent especially in prisons due to poor and/or inadequate infrastructure. The aim of this study was to establish the risk factors associated with intestinal parasites infection among inmates of Kisii prison, Kisii county, Kenya. METHODS: Fresh stool samples of 384 inmates in Kisii prison aged 20 years and above, were screened for intestinal parasitic infections between February and August 2015...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459162/-inside-these-fences-is-our-own-little-world-prison-based-hiv-testing-and-hiv-related-stigma-among-incarcerated-men-and-women
#16
Kathryn E Muessig, David L Rosen, Claire E Farel, Becky L White, Eliza J Filene, David A Wohl
Correctional facilities offer opportunities to provide comprehensive HIV services including education, testing, treatment, and coordination of post- release care. However, these services may be undermined by unaddressed HIV stigma. As part of a prison-based HIV testing study, we interviewed 76 incarcerated men and women from the North Carolina State prison system. The sample was 72% men, median age 31.5 years (range: 19 to 60). Thematic analysis revealed high levels of HIV-related fear and stigma, homophobia, incomplete HIV transmission knowledge, beliefs that HIV is highly contagious within prisons ("HIV miasma"), and the View of HIV testing as protective...
April 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383337/health-conditions-of-prisoners-in-the-state-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#17
Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Adalgisa Peixoto Ribeiro
We present the results of a quantitative and qualitative study on the living conditions and health of prisoners in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The goal was to produce strategic information to support the action of public officials who work in prisons. The results show that prisoners are young (average age: 30 years), poor, mostly black and brown (70.5%), have little education (only 1.5% of them have a higher education), and have been in prison for less than four years. Among the problems that indirectly affect their health, we emphasize: overcrowding (1...
June 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382342/contributions-of-sociodemographic-factors-to-criminal-behavior
#18
Lawrence Mundia, Rohani Matzin, Salwa Mahalle, Malai Hayati Hamid, Ratna Suriani Osman
We explored the extent to which prisoner sociodemographic variables (age, education, marital status, employment, and whether their parents were married or not) influenced offending in 64 randomly selected Brunei inmates, comprising both sexes. A quantitative field survey design ideal for the type of participants used in a prison context was employed to investigate the problem. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis with backward elimination identified prisoner marital status and age groups as significantly related to offending...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375716/anthropometric-measurements-may-be-informative-for-nursing-home-acquired-pneumonia
#19
Bulent Yardimci, Sevki Murat Aksoy, Ismail Ozkaya, Tarik Demir, Gulsen Tezcan, Aysegul Yildirim Kaptanoglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between anthropometric measurements and Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia (NHAP) risk. METHODS: Consecutive patients of 65 years or elderly who were living in the Balikli Rum Hospital Nursing Homes were included in this prospective study. At the beginning of this study, the patients' anthropometrics values were measured. The patients were followed for one year, and any incidences of pneumonia attacks were recorded. The relationship between the anthropometric measurements and pneumonia occurrences was analyzed...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367335/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-associated-health-and-social-vulnerabilities-in-older-jail-inmates
#20
Jason D Flatt, Brie A Williams, Deborah Barnes, Joe Goldenson, Cyrus Ahalt
OBJECTIVES: To examine post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in older jail inmates, and to determine whether adverse social and health-related characteristics were associated with having PTSD symptoms. METHOD: We performed an exploratory cross-sectional study of 238 older (age ≥55 years) jail inmates from a county jail. PTSD symptoms were determined using the Primary Care PTSD (PC-PTSD) screen. Reporting three or more PTSD symptoms was defined as a positive screen...
July 1, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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