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Obesity stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989252/operculina-turpethum-linn-silva-manso-as-a-medicinal-plant-species-a-review-on-bioactive-components-and-pharmacological-properties
#1
REVIEW
Shweta Gupta, Akash Ved
Operculina turpethum (Linn.) (OT) Silva Manso belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. This review incorporates literature for the phytochemical and pharmacological profile of OT herb. Exhaustive literature survey was done using all the details on phytochemistry and pharmacology of OT available. This herb was found to be a potent source of bioactive compounds such as α- and β-turpethein, turpethinic acids (A, B, C, D, and E), coumarins, cycloartenol, lanosta-5-ene, 24-methylene-δ-5-lanosterol, α- and β-rhamnose, β-sitosterol, lupeol, scopoletin, betulin, acrylamide, stigma-5,22dien-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, β-sitosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-1), 22,23-dihydro-α-spinosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-2), and salicylic acid (CH-2), which are useful in fevers, edema, ascites, anorexia, constipation, hepatosplenomegaly, hemorrhoids, cervical lymphadenitis, fistulas, constipation, chronic gout, fever, bronchitis, ulcers, hemorrhoids, tumors, obesity, jaundice, herpes, induce lacrimation, and other skin disorders...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980335/body-weight-perceived-weight-stigma-and-mental-health-among-women-at-the-intersection-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-insights-from-the-modified-labelling-approach
#2
Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Brea L Perry
With increasing rates of obesity in the United States, attention to life chances and psychological consequences associated with weight stigma and weight-based discrimination has also intensified. While research has demonstrated the negative effects of weight-based discrimination on mental health, little is known about whether different social groups are disproportionately vulnerable to these experiences. Drawing on the modified labelling theory, the focus of this paper is to investigate the psychological correlates of body weight and self-perceived weight-based discrimination among American women at the intersection of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
October 4, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884265/how-is-weight-stigma-related-to-children-s-health-related-quality-of-life-a-model-comparison-approach
#3
Veronica Guardabassi, Alberto Mirisola, Carlo Tomasetto
PURPOSE: Obesity is a highly stigmatizing condition for both adults and children, and both obesity and stigma experiences are negatively related with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, the relations among these constructs have been modeled in different and sometimes inconsistent terms in past research, and have been the object of surprisingly few studies in pediatric populations. The present study addresses this gap by comparing, in a sample of preadolescent children, four competing models (i...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843136/correlates-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#4
Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Ronette L Kolotkin, Carlos M Grilo, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
Individuals with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) report poorer weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) compared to individuals with obesity alone. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best available treatment for BED, does not consistently produce weight loss or improvements in weight QOL. The purpose of the current study was to examine baseline and longitudinal associations between eating-related and psychosocial variables and dimensions of weight QOL. We examined associations between predictor variables, including body mass index (BMI), eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, and psychosocial factors, in relation to three dimensions of WRQOL among 171 patients whom received CBT for BED...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#5
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768404/can-obesity-cause-depression-a-pseudo-panel-analysis
#6
Hyungserk Ha, Chirok Han, Beomsoo Kim
OBJECTIVES: The US ranks ninth in obesity in the world, and approximately 7% of US adults experience major depressive disorder. Social isolation due to the stigma attached to obesity might trigger depression. METHODS: This paper examined the impact of obesity on depression. To overcome the endogeneity problem, we constructed pseudopanel data using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1997 to 2008. RESULTS: The results were robust, and body mass index (BMI) was found to have a positive effect on depression days and the percentage of depressed individuals in the population...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579331/intersectionality-an-understudied-framework-for-addressing-weight-stigma
#8
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an ongoing public health concern in the U.S. Weight stigma is linked to a number of obesogenic health outcomes, which complicate obesity treatment and prevention. Despite higher rates of obesity in female and minority populations, little research has examined weight stigma in non-white women and men. This study investigated intersectionality in weight stigma and health-related coping responses to stigmatizing experiences across racial groups. METHODS: In 2015, a total of 2,378 adults completed questionnaires about weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and coping strategies...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534318/association-between-inflammatory-skin-disease-and-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-co-morbidities-in-us-adults-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#9
Michael C Kwa, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or eczema (AD-E), pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid (BP), and hidradenitis are chronic inflammatory skin disorders associated with systemic immune activation, considerable symptom burden, stigma, functional disturbances, and mental health symptoms. All of these might increase cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether these inflammatory skin diseases are associated with increased cardiovascular/cerebrovascular risk and/or disease...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479218/the-fit-study-design-and-rationale-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-school-based-bmi-screening-and-reporting
#10
Kristine A Madsen, Jennifer Linchey, Lorrene Ritchie, Hannah R Thompson
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., 25 states conduct body mass index (BMI) screening in schools, just under half of which report results to parents. While some experts recommend the practice, evidence demonstrating its efficacy to reduce obesity is lacking, and concerns about weight-related stigma have been raised. METHODS/DESIGN: The Fit Study is a 3-arm cluster-randomized trial assessing the effectiveness of school-based BMI screening and reporting in reducing pediatric obesity and identifying unintended consequences...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473781/stigmatization-of-overweight-and-obese-peers-among-children
#11
REVIEW
Roberta Di Pasquale, Laura Celsi
Children get involved in social categorization. Thus, they are able to stigmatize peers as well as to show in-group favoritism theorized by Tajfel and Turner (1986). Moreover, according to Aboud's Cognitive-Developmental Theory (1988, 2003) the intensity of children's stereotypes and negative attitudes toward socially devalued group members changes with age, in line with their cognitive development. In our Western society, which addresses especially females with the message that thinness is beauty, self-efficacy, power, and success, being overweight or obese is one of the most socially devalued and stigmatized conditions among children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464915/changing-attitudes-towards-obesity-results-from-a-survey-experiment
#12
C Luck-Sikorski, S G Riedel-Heller, J C Phelan
BACKGROUND: This experimental study in a population-based sample aimed to compare attitudes towards obesity following three different causal explanations for obesity (individual behavior, environmental factors, genetic factors). METHODS: The data were derived from an online representative sample. A random subsample of n = 407 participants was included. Two independent variables were investigated: cause of obesity as described in the vignette and cause of obesity as perceived by the participant regardless of vignette...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463963/the-contribution-of-body-mass-index-to-appraisal-delay-in-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-a-structural-equation-modelling-study
#13
Karen E Dyer, Levent Dumenci, Laura A Siminoff, Maria D Thomson, Jennifer Elston Lafata
BACKGROUND: Appraisal delay (AD) refers to the time interval between onset of symptoms and the date a patient first seeks healthcare. Because studies have shown that individuals who are overweight or obese may delay or avoid seeking healthcare due to stigma, this study aims to investigate the role that weight plays in AD among symptomatic individuals subsequently diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Structural equation modelling tested the relationship between AD, body mass index (BMI), financial barriers, cognitive barriers, and reported symptoms among 179 newly diagnosed CRC patients in two U...
June 6, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#14
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439762/sex-differences-in-obesity-and-mental-health
#15
REVIEW
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Courtney McCuen Wurst, Rebecca L Pearl, Kelly C Allison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between obesity and a wide range of mental health issues and to identify where sex differences exist and may vary across disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Research on sex differences in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders is more abundant in some areas, such as depression and eating disorders, than others, such as anxiety, trauma, and substance use. However, for most of the disorders, their relationships with obesity and sex are complex and are usually moderated by additional variables...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436266/the-identity-threat-of-weight-stigma-in-adolescents
#16
Wren B Hand, Jennifer C Robinson, Mary W Stewart, Lei Zhang, Samuel C Hand
Obesity remains a serious public health issue in adolescents, who may be subjected to weight stigma leading to increased stress and poor health outcomes. Stigma can be detrimental to adolescents during self-identity formation. The purpose of this study was to examine weight stigma in adolescents in light of the Identity Threat Model of Stigma. A cross-sectional correlational design was used to examine the relationships among the variables of weight stigma, psychosocial stress, coping styles, disordered eating, and physical inactivity...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#17
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#18
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408862/obesity-stigma-and-bias
#19
Sharon M Fruh, Joe Nadglowski, Heather R Hall, Sara L Davis, Errol D Crook, Kimberly Zlomke
Overweight and obesity are escalating in epidemic proportions in the United States. Individuals with overweight and obesity are often reluctant to seek medical help, not only for weight reduction but also for any health issue because of perceived provider discrimination. Providers who are biased against individuals with obesity can hinder our nation's effort to effectively fight the obesity epidemic. By addressing weight bias in the provider setting, individuals affected by obesity may be more likely to engage in a meaningful and productive discussion of weight...
July 2016: Journal for Nurse Practitioners: JNP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392929/missing-the-target-including-perspectives-of-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-to-inform-stigma-reduction-strategies
#20
R M Puhl, M S Himmelstein, A A Gorin, Y J Suh
OBJECTIVE: Pervasive weight stigma and discrimination have led to ongoing calls for efforts to reduce this bias. Despite increasing research on stigma-reduction strategies, perspectives of individuals who have experienced weight stigma have rarely been included to inform this research. The present study conducted a systematic examination of women with high body weight to assess their perspectives about a broad range of strategies to reduce weight-based stigma. METHODS: Women with overweight or obesity (N = 461) completed an online survey in which they evaluated the importance, feasibility and potential impact of 35 stigma-reduction strategies in diverse settings...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
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