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Obesity stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455896/layered-stigma-co-occurring-depression-and-obesity-in-the-public-eye
#1
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Georg Schomerus, Thomas Jochum, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and depression are common conditions in the general public and show a high level of co-morbidity. Both conditions are stigmatized, i.e., associated with negative attitudes and discrimination. Previous research shows that devalued conditions can overlap or combine to produce a layered stigma which is associated with more negative health outcomes than either single devalued condition alone. This study therefore set out to investigate the double stigma of obesity and depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427370/weight-stigma-predicts-poorer-psychological-well-being-through-internalized-weight-bias-and-maladaptive-coping-responses
#2
Lydia E Hayward, Lenny R Vartanian, Rebecca T Pinkus
OBJECTIVE: Weight-based stigmatization is associated with negative psychological and behavioral consequences, but individuals respond to stigma in different ways. The present study aimed to understand some of the factors that predict how one will cope with weight stigma and how different coping responses predict psychological well-being. METHODS: Across four samples, 1,391 individuals who identified as having overweight or obesity completed surveys assessing the frequency of weight stigma experiences, internalized weight bias, coping responses to weight stigma, and psychological distress...
February 10, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409887/do-children-with-obesity-have-worse-table-manners-associations-between-child-table-manners-weight-status-and-weight-gain
#3
Naomi F Briones, Robert J Cesaro, Danielle P Appugliese, Alison L Miller, Katherine L Rosenblum, Megan H Pesch
BACKGROUND: Children with obesity experience stigma stemming from stereotypes, one such stereotype is that people with obesity are "sloppy" or have poor manners. Teaching children "proper table manners" has been proposed as an obesity prevention strategy. Little is known about the association between children's weight status and table manners. OBJECTIVES: To examine correlates of child table manners and to examine the association of child table manners with child obese weight status and prospective change in child body mass index z-score (BMIz)...
January 31, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406299/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-impact-of-simulating-extreme-obesity-on-health-care-professionals-attitudes-and-perceptions
#4
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379145/just-the-tip-of-the-iceberg-difficulties-in-assessing-and-managing-extreme-obesity-in-routine-clinical-care
#5
Christine Poitou, Margot Denis, Zeina Chakhtoura, Catherine Uzan, Maryam Nikpayam, Jean-Michel Oppert
As obesity prevalence increases worldwide, healthcare professionals are often faced with challenging cases associated with massive obesity. A 33-year-old woman (weight 342 kg, body mass index = 100 kg/m²) presented with respiratory failure, limb edema and ascites. Abdominal CT scan became feasible after initial weight loss and showed a large pelvic mass in contact with the left ovary. The surgical removal performed despite a high-risk profile led to the diagnosis of a giant mucinous borderline tumor whose growth was due to delayed care and responsible for multiple severe complications: sepsis, anemia, esophagitis, constipation, anorexia due to mechanical compression, undernutrition, sarcopenia and lower limb edema contributing to a severe disability...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368596/infant-formula-feeding-practices-and-the-role-of-advice-and-support-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#6
Jessica Appleton, Rachel Laws, Catherine Georgina Russell, Cathrine Fowler, Karen J Campbell, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Infant formula feeding practices are an important consideration for obesity prevention. An infant's diet is influential on their later risk of developing overweight or obesity, yet very little is known about infant formula feeding practices. It is plausible that certain modifiable practices may put children at higher risk of developing overweight or obesity, for example how much and how often a baby is fed. Understanding how parents use infant formula and what factors may influence this practice is therefore important...
January 24, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356674/a-response-to-a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#7
Jennifer Brady, Natalie Beausoleil
This commentary provides a response to the article "A critical analysis of obesity prevention policies and strategies" from a feminist fat studies perspective. We argue that a fundamental disjuncture exists between the authors' desire to redress fat stigma, and their understanding of "obesity as disease", which inherently draws on a neoliberal, healthist paradigm of health and body weight that is at the root of fat stigma.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356669/a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#8
Ximena Ramos Salas, Mary Forhan, Timothy Caulfield, Arya M Sharma, Kim Raine
OBJECTIVES: Public health policies have been criticized for promoting a simplistic narrative that may contribute to weight bias. Weight bias can impact population health by increasing morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to: 1) critically analyze Canadian obesity prevention policies and strategies to identify underlying dominant narratives; 2) deconstruct dominant narratives and consider the unintended consequences for people with obesity; and 3) make recommendations to change dominant obesity narratives that may be contributing to weight bias...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346190/why-don-t-hospitals-prioritize-substance-abuse-in-their-community-benefit-programming
#9
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
The goal of this study was to understand whether Appalachian Ohio hospitals prioritized substance abuse in their IRS-mandated community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and if not, what factors were important in this decision. Analysis of CHNA reports from all 28 hospitals in the region supplemented interview data from in-depth phone interviews, with 17 participants tasked with overseeing CHNAs at 21 hospitals. The CHNA reports show that hospitals in this region prioritize substance abuse and mental health less often than access to care and obesity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320334/body-weight-and-bullying-victimization-among-us-adolescents
#10
Claudia Wang, Yin Li, Kaigang Li, Dong-Chul Seo
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between body weight status at all levels (including underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and bullying victimization among US ado- lescents using a nationally representative data. METHODS: We used logistic regression to exam- ine the association between bullying victimization and body weight status by sex with the data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 11,825), controlling for demographics, selected behavioral confounders, and complex survey design...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289809/the-effect-of-weight-on-mental-health-new-evidence-using-genetic-ivs
#11
Barton Willage
Average body mass index (BMI) and depression prevalence grew over the last several decades, increasing medical expenditures. There is a strong correlation between obesity and depression but limited evidence on the causal effect of weight on mental health. I use an index of genetic risk for high BMI as a source of exogenous variation in weight to provide novel evidence on the effect of weight on mental health. This is one of the first studies to use genetics as an instrument for BMI and to examine the causal relationship between weight and depression...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283880/obesity-prevention-interventions-in-us-public-schools-are-schools-using-programs-that-promote-weight-stigma
#12
Erica L Kenney, Suzanne Wintner, Rebekka M Lee, S Bryn Austin
INTRODUCTION: Despite substantial research on school-based obesity prevention programs, it is unclear how widely they are disseminated. It is also unknown whether schools use obesity programs that inadvertently promote weight stigma or disordered weight-control behaviors. METHODS: In spring 2016, we distributed an online survey about school wellness programming to a simple random sample of US public school administrators (N = 247 respondents; 10.3% response rate)...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276204/the-fat-person-on-the-edgware-road-omnibus-fat-fashion-and-public-shaming-in-the-british-long-eighteenth-century
#13
Sander L Gilman
Dieting as a fashionable undertaking in the public sphere appears in the course of the long eighteenth century. It is part of a shift to an awareness of the public stigma of obesity and marks the rise of a dieting culture focused on psychological rather than a purely somatic phenomenon. It is coterminous with the redefinition of the "reasonable" (rational) person both in law as well as in the public sphere.Reasonableness comes to define the normal within a cult of the rational; obesity comes to mark that state beyond reasonableness...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259797/underweight-vs-overweight-obese-which-weight-category-do-we-prefer-dissociation-of-weight-related-preferences-at-the-explicit-and-implicit-level
#14
M Marini
Objective: Although stigma towards obesity and anorexia is a well-recognized problem, no research has investigated and compared the explicit (i.e. conscious) and implicit (i.e. unconscious) preferences between these two conditions. The present study conducted this investigation in a sample of 4,806 volunteers recruited at the Project Implicit website (https://implicit.harvard.edu). Methods: Explicit and implicit preferences were assessed among different weight categories (i...
December 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259795/coping-with-weight-stigma-development-and-validation-of-a-brief-coping-responses-inventory
#15
L E Hayward, L R Vartanian, R T Pinkus
People who are overweight or obese are frequently stigmatized because of their weight, but there has been limited exploration of how people cope with these experiences. The Coping Responses Inventory (CRI) assesses a wide range of coping strategies in response to weight stigma; however, its length (99 items) may have prevented it from being widely used. The aim of the current research (four studies; total N = 1,391) was to develop and validate a Brief CRI. This 10-item measure consists of two subscales that assess core coping responses to weight stigma: reappraisal and disengagement coping...
December 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171076/impact-of-weight-stigma-on-physiological-and-psychological-health-outcomes-for-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ya-Ke Wu, Diane C Berry
AIM: To summarize the associations between weight stigma and physiological and psychological health for individuals who are overweight or obese. BACKGROUND: Weight stigma can be defined as individuals experiencing verbal or physical abuse secondary to being overweight or obese. Weight stigma has negative consequences for both physiological and psychological health. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and MEDLINE from 1 January 2008 - 30 July 2016...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158229/obesogenic-behavior-and-weight-based-stigma-in-popular-children-s-movies-2012-to-2015
#18
Janna B Howard, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Sophie N Ravanbakht, Jane D Brown, Andrew J Perrin, Michael J Steiner, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND: Obesity-promoting content and weight-stigmatizing messages are common in child-directed television programming and advertisements, and 1 study found similar trends in G- and PG-rated movies from 2006 to 2010. Our objective was to examine the prevalence of such content in more recent popular children's movies. METHODS: Raters examined 31 top-grossing G- and PG-rated movies released from 2012 to 2015. For each 10-minute segment (N = 302) and for movies as units, raters documented the presence of eating-, activity-, and weight-related content observed on-screen...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#19
REVIEW
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152885/addressing-weight-stigma-and-opening-doors-for-a-patient-centered-approach-to-childhood-obesity
#20
Theodore K Kyle, Fatima Cody Stanford, Joseph F Nadglowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Obesity
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