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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171076/impact-of-weight-stigma-on-physiological-and-psychological-health-outcomes-for-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Ya-Ke Wu, Diane C Berry
AIM: To summarize the associations between weight stigma and physiological and psychological health for individuals who are overweight or obese. BACKGROUND: Weight stigma can be defined as individuals experiencing verbal or physical abuse secondary to being overweight or obese. Weight stigma has negative consequences for both physiological and psychological health. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and MEDLINE from 1 January 1 2008 - 30 July 30 2016...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158229/obesogenic-behavior-and-weight-based-stigma-in-popular-children-s-movies-2012-to-2015
#3
Janna B Howard, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Sophie N Ravanbakht, Jane D Brown, Andrew J Perrin, Michael J Steiner, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND: Obesity-promoting content and weight-stigmatizing messages are common in child-directed television programming and advertisements, and 1 study found similar trends in G- and PG-rated movies from 2006 to 2010. Our objective was to examine the prevalence of such content in more recent popular children's movies. METHODS: Raters examined 31 top-grossing G- and PG-rated movies released from 2012 to 2015. For each 10-minute segment (N = 302) and for movies as units, raters documented the presence of eating-, activity-, and weight-related content observed on-screen...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#4
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152885/addressing-weight-stigma-and-opening-doors-for-a-patient-centered-approach-to-childhood-obesity
#5
Theodore K Kyle, Fatima Cody Stanford, Joseph F Nadglowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136374/saffron-against-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-current-status-and-prospective
#6
Mojtaba Shafiee, Nazanin Sadat Aghili Moghaddam, Mohammad Nosrati, Mahsa Tousi, Amir Avan, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Hamid Fiuji, Majid Rajabian, Amirhosein Bahreyni, Majid Khazaei, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian
Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is mainly used as a food coloring and flavoring agent. This agricultural product is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases including asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, and, of special interest in this review, in metabolic syndrome. Saffron and its active components including crocin, crocetin and safranal are potential therapeutic candidates for attenuating MetS complications including hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120260/physiotherapists-encounters-with-obese-patients-exploring-how-embodied-approaches-gain-significance
#7
Karen Synne Groven, Kristin Heggen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is regarded as a modern lifestyle problem, causing illness, stigma, discrimination, and psychological problems. To help patients avoid these problems, physiotherapists increasingly engage in lifestyle programs specialized in weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To explore how physiotherapists' encounters with patients diagnosed as "obese" acquire significance for their development as clinicians. METHOD: The material draws on semi-structured interviews with eight physiotherapists...
November 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#8
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108499/what-barriers-and-facilitators-do-school-nurses-experience-when-implementing-an-obesity-intervention
#9
Krista Schroeder, Arlene Smaldone
A recent evaluation of a school nurse-led obesity intervention demonstrated a 5% implementation rate. The purpose of this study was to explore school nurses' perceived barriers to and facilitators of the intervention in order to understand reasons for the low implementation rate. Methods included semi-structured individual interviews with school nurses. Data were analyzed using content analysis and heat mapping. Nineteen nurses participated and eight themes were identified. Parental and administrative gatekeeping, heavy nurse workload, obesogenic environments, and concerns about obesity stigma were barriers to implementation...
December 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084240/a-sympathetic-nervous-system-evaluation-of-obesity-stigma
#10
Michael D Oliver, Subimal Datta, Debora R Baldwin
The portrayal of obesity in the media is often one of negativity. Consequently, it may generate an increase in stigma. Obesity stigma, a form of social discrimination, is responsible for many of the negative psychological and physiological effects on individual wellness. These effects not only impact individual health, but also affect the economy, and ultimately, societal wellness. In an attempt to examine the influence of the media on obesity stigma, this study tested the hypothesis that positive priming would lead to a reduction in obesity stigma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082666/internalizing-weight-stigma-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-considerations-in-us-adults
#11
Rebecca M Puhl, Mary S Himmelstein, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the presence, severity, and sociodemographic correlates of weight bias internalization (WBI) across three distinct samples of US adults. METHODS: Levels of WBI were compared in (1) a sample of adults with obesity and heightened risk of weight stigma (N = 456), (2) an online community sample (N = 519), and (3) a national online panel (N = 2,529). Samples 2 and 3 comprised adults with and without obesity...
October 30, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052153/food-for-thought-reward-mechanisms-and-hedonic-overeating-in-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Phong Ching Lee, John B Dixon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the food addiction model and the role of food hedonic pathways in the pathogenesis and treatment of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hedonic pathway interacts with the obesogenic environment to override homeostatic mechanisms to cause increase in body weight. Weight gain sustained over time leads to "upward setting" of defended level of body-fat mass. There are neurobiological and phenotypic similarities and differences between hedonic pathways triggered by food compared with other addictive substances, and the entity of food addiction remains controversial...
December 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989252/operculina-turpethum-linn-silva-manso-as-a-medicinal-plant-species-a-review-on-bioactive-components-and-pharmacological-properties
#13
REVIEW
Shweta Gupta, Akash Ved
Operculina turpethum (Linn.) (OT) Silva Manso belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. This review incorporates literature for the phytochemical and pharmacological profile of OT herb. Exhaustive literature survey was done using all the details on phytochemistry and pharmacology of OT available. This herb was found to be a potent source of bioactive compounds such as α- and β-turpethein, turpethinic acids (A, B, C, D, and E), coumarins, cycloartenol, lanosta-5-ene, 24-methylene-δ-5-lanosterol, α- and β-rhamnose, β-sitosterol, lupeol, scopoletin, betulin, acrylamide, stigma-5,22dien-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, β-sitosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-1), 22,23-dihydro-α-spinosterol-β-D-glucoside (H-2), and salicylic acid (CH-2), which are useful in fevers, edema, ascites, anorexia, constipation, hepatosplenomegaly, hemorrhoids, cervical lymphadenitis, fistulas, constipation, chronic gout, fever, bronchitis, ulcers, hemorrhoids, tumors, obesity, jaundice, herpes, induce lacrimation, and other skin disorders...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980335/body-weight-perceived-weight-stigma-and-mental-health-among-women-at-the-intersection-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-insights-from-the-modified-labelling-approach
#14
Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Brea L Perry
With increasing rates of obesity in the United States, attention to life chances and psychological consequences associated with weight stigma and weight-based discrimination has also intensified. While research has demonstrated the negative effects of weight-based discrimination on mental health, little is known about whether different social groups are disproportionately vulnerable to these experiences. Drawing on the modified labelling theory, the focus of this paper is to investigate the psychological correlates of body weight and self-perceived weight-based discrimination among American women at the intersection of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
October 4, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884265/how-is-weight-stigma-related-to-children-s-health-related-quality-of-life-a-model-comparison-approach
#15
Veronica Guardabassi, Alberto Mirisola, Carlo Tomasetto
PURPOSE: Obesity is a highly stigmatizing condition for both adults and children, and both obesity and stigma experiences are negatively related with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, the relations among these constructs have been modeled in different and sometimes inconsistent terms in past research, and have been the object of surprisingly few studies in pediatric populations. The present study addresses this gap by comparing, in a sample of preadolescent children, four competing models (i...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843136/correlates-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#16
Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Ronette L Kolotkin, Carlos M Grilo, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
Individuals with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) report poorer weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) compared to individuals with obesity alone. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best available treatment for BED, does not consistently produce weight loss or improvements in weight QOL. The purpose of the current study was to examine baseline and longitudinal associations between eating-related and psychosocial variables and dimensions of weight QOL. We examined associations between predictor variables, including body mass index (BMI), eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, and psychosocial factors, in relation to three dimensions of WRQOL among 171 patients whom received CBT for BED...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#17
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768404/can-obesity-cause-depression-a-pseudo-panel-analysis
#18
Hyungserk Ha, Chirok Han, Beomsoo Kim
OBJECTIVES: The US ranks ninth in obesity in the world, and approximately 7% of US adults experience major depressive disorder. Social isolation due to the stigma attached to obesity might trigger depression. METHODS: This paper examined the impact of obesity on depression. To overcome the endogeneity problem, we constructed pseudopanel data using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1997 to 2008. RESULTS: The results were robust, and body mass index (BMI) was found to have a positive effect on depression days and the percentage of depressed individuals in the population...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579331/intersectionality-an-understudied-framework-for-addressing-weight-stigma
#20
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an ongoing public health concern in the U.S. Weight stigma is linked to a number of obesogenic health outcomes, which complicate obesity treatment and prevention. Despite higher rates of obesity in female and minority populations, little research has examined weight stigma in non-white women and men. This study investigated intersectionality in weight stigma and health-related coping responses to stigmatizing experiences across racial groups. METHODS: In 2015, a total of 2,378 adults completed questionnaires about weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and coping strategies...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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