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Obesity stigma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667158/obesity-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-canada-shifting-paradigms-and-putting-people-first
#1
REVIEW
Arya M Sharma, Ximena Ramos Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review public and private sector obesity policies in Canada and to make recommendations for future evidence-based obesity prevention and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of obesity prevention and management policies and research studies are presented in three primary themes: (1) Increased awareness about the impact of weight bias and obesity stigma in Canada; (2) Inadequate government obesity prevention and management policies and strategies; and (3) Lack of comprehensive private sector obesity prevention and management policies...
April 17, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#2
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656285/sociocultural-and-familial-factors-associated-with-weight-bias-internalization
#3
Rebecca L Pearl, Thomas A Wadden, Jena Shaw Tronieri, Ariana M Chao, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Robert I Berkowitz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sociocultural and familial factors associated with weight bias internalization (WBI) are currently unknown. The present study explored the relationship between interpersonal sources of weight stigma, family weight history, and WBI. METHODS: Participants with obesity (N = 178, 87.6% female, 71.3% black) completed questionnaires that assessed the frequency with which they experienced weight stigma from various interpersonal sources. Participants also reported the weight status of their family members and completed measures of WBI, depression, and demographics...
April 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573233/adolescent-preferences-for-weight-terminology-used-by-health-care-providers
#4
R M Puhl, M S Himmelstein
BACKGROUND: In light of high rates of obesity and weight stigma in youth, the American Academy of Paediatrics recommends that paediatric health care professionals use appropriate, sensitive and non-stigmatizing language in communication about weight with youth. For these efforts to be effective, there is a need to identify weight-based language preferences among youth with overweight and obesity, as research in this area is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The present study provides a systematic assessment of youth perspectives of weight-based language used by providers...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569462/conceptualizing-obesity-as-a-chronic-disease-an-interview-with-dr-arya-sharma
#5
Arya M Sharma, Donna L Goodwin, Janice Causgrove Dunn
Dr. Arya M. Sharma challenges the conventional wisdom of relying simply on "lifestyle" approaches involving exercise, diet, and behavioral interventions for managing obesity, suggesting that people living with obesity should receive comprehensive medical interventions similar to the approach taken for other chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes or hypertension. He purports that the stigma-inducing focus on self-failing (e.g., coping through food, laziness, lack of self-regulation) does not address biological processes that make obesity a lifelong problem for which there is no easy solution...
March 23, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559426/weight-stigma-goes-viral-on-the-internet-systematic-assessment-of-youtube-comments-attacking-overweight-men-and-women
#6
Yongwoog Andrew Jeon, Brent Hale, Eric Knackmuhs, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Anonymous verbal attacks against overweight individuals on social media are common and widespread. These comments often use negative, misogynist, or derogatory words, which stigmatize the targeted individuals with obesity. These verbal attacks may cause depression in overweight individuals, which could subsequently promote unhealthy eating behavior (ie, binge eating) and further weight gain. To develop an intervention policy and strategies that tackle the anonymous, Web-based verbal attacks, a thorough understanding of the comments is necessary...
March 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552349/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-of-weight-based-stigmatisation-with-motivation-to-exercise-and-physical-activity-in-overweight-individuals
#7
Krystal M Sattler, Frank P Deane, Linda Tapsell, Peter J Kelly
Weight stigma is related to lower levels of motivation to exercise in overweight and obesity. This study explored the nature of the relationship between stigma, motivation to exercise and physical activity while accounting for gender differences. Participants were 439 adults with overweight and obesity (mean body mass index = 32.18 kg/m2 , standard deviation = 4.09 kg/m2 ). Females reported significantly more frequent stigma experiences than males. Mediation models found a conditional direct effect of weight stigma for males, with higher frequency of stigma experiences related to higher levels of walking and vigorous physical activity...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534789/radiology-reporting-of-obesity-a-survey-of-patient-and-clinician-attitudes
#8
T E Murray, S D Ma, F Doyle, M J Lee
AIM: To determine whether obesity information obtained via imaging techniques is desirable for clinicians and patients, and to investigate whether it impacts clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parallel surveys were designed to assess patient and clinician attitudes to the medical utility and social stigma of reporting obesity on radiology reports performed for other reasons. RESULTS: Where obesity was noted at medical imaging performed for any reason, clinicians and patients strongly agreed that it should be included in the radiology report (5...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532315/contrasting-views-of-the-post-bariatric-surgery-experience-between-patients-and-their-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#9
Sandra Jumbe, Jane Meyrick
BACKGROUND: The superiority of obesity surgery for improving medical and weight outcomes in severely obese patients when compared to other weight loss interventions remains undisputed. However, knowledge about the psychological impact of the procedure on patients' lives is limited. Systematic reviews indicate persisting psychological distress after surgery compared to control groups especially longer term, suggesting the need for postoperative psychological support and assessment. Research literature also infers limited knowledge regarding the postoperative patient experience of obesity surgery...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514753/obesity-and-gender-as-status-beliefs
#10
Heather L Gordon, Lisa Slattery Walker, Shahar Gur, Jessie L Olien
For over 30 years, researchers have examined social influence using status characteristics theory (Berger and Conner, 1974). While research has investigated beauty and attractiveness as status characteristics (e.g., Webster and Driskell, 1983), there is a dearth of research that examines whether obesity has status value using status characteristics theory. The current paper reviews the literature on, demonstrating how they are related to status characteristics. Next, this paper demonstrates how the effects of both gender and obesity can be explained by considering them as status characteristics, which have the potential to create subsequent status beliefs and stigma...
March 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500694/-referral-behavior-of-general-physicians-for-patients-with-obesity
#11
REVIEW
F U Jung, C Luck-Sikorski, C Stroh, S G Riedel-Heller
The prevalence of obesity and overweight is constantly rising. Thus, obesity is increasingly considered as one of the most important healthcare problems in Germany. Surgical interventions have been proven to be the only treatment option to achieve sustained weight loss along with a reduction of obesity-related comorbidities in the vast majority of morbidly obese patients. With respect to the small numbers of weight loss surgeries conducted in Germany, several reasons are currently discussed. General practitioners play a very important role in gatekeeping when it comes to decisions about treatment...
March 2, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455896/layered-stigma-co-occurring-depression-and-obesity-in-the-public-eye
#12
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Georg Schomerus, Thomas Jochum, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and depression are common conditions in the general public and show a high level of co-morbidity. Both conditions are stigmatized, i.e., associated with negative attitudes and discrimination. Previous research shows that devalued conditions can overlap or combine to produce a layered stigma which is associated with more negative health outcomes than either single devalued condition alone. This study therefore set out to investigate the double stigma of obesity and depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427370/weight-stigma-predicts-poorer-psychological-well-being-through-internalized-weight-bias-and-maladaptive-coping-responses
#13
Lydia E Hayward, Lenny R Vartanian, Rebecca T Pinkus
OBJECTIVE: Weight-based stigmatization is associated with negative psychological and behavioral consequences, but individuals respond to stigma in different ways. The present study aimed to understand some of the factors that predict how one will cope with weight stigma and how different coping responses predict psychological well-being. METHODS: Across four samples, 1,391 individuals who identified as having overweight or obesity completed surveys assessing the frequency of weight stigma experiences, internalized weight bias, coping responses to weight stigma, and psychological distress...
February 10, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409887/do-children-with-obesity-have-worse-table-manners-associations-between-child-table-manners-weight-status-and-weight-gain
#14
Naomi F Briones, Robert J Cesaro, Danielle P Appugliese, Alison L Miller, Katherine L Rosenblum, Megan H Pesch
BACKGROUND: Children with obesity experience stigma stemming from stereotypes, one such stereotype is that people with obesity are "sloppy" or have poor manners. Teaching children "proper table manners" has been proposed as an obesity prevention strategy. Little is known about the association between children's weight status and table manners. OBJECTIVES: To examine correlates of child table manners and to examine the association of child table manners with child obese weight status and prospective change in child body mass index z-score (BMIz)...
January 31, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406299/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-impact-of-simulating-extreme-obesity-on-health-care-professionals-attitudes-and-perceptions
#15
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379145/just-the-tip-of-the-iceberg-difficulties-in-assessing-and-managing-extreme-obesity-in-routine-clinical-care
#16
Christine Poitou, Margot Denis, Zeina Chakhtoura, Catherine Uzan, Maryam Nikpayam, Jean-Michel Oppert
As obesity prevalence increases worldwide, healthcare professionals are often faced with challenging cases associated with massive obesity. A 33-year-old woman (weight 342 kg, body mass index = 100 kg/m²) presented with respiratory failure, limb edema and ascites. Abdominal CT scan became feasible after initial weight loss and showed a large pelvic mass in contact with the left ovary. The surgical removal performed despite a high-risk profile led to the diagnosis of a giant mucinous borderline tumor whose growth was due to delayed care and responsible for multiple severe complications: sepsis, anemia, esophagitis, constipation, anorexia due to mechanical compression, undernutrition, sarcopenia and lower limb edema contributing to a severe disability...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368596/infant-formula-feeding-practices-and-the-role-of-advice-and-support-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#17
Jessica Appleton, Rachel Laws, Catherine Georgina Russell, Cathrine Fowler, Karen J Campbell, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Infant formula feeding practices are an important consideration for obesity prevention. An infant's diet is influential on their later risk of developing overweight or obesity, yet very little is known about infant formula feeding practices. It is plausible that certain modifiable practices may put children at higher risk of developing overweight or obesity, for example how much and how often a baby is fed. Understanding how parents use infant formula and what factors may influence this practice is therefore important...
January 24, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356674/a-response-to-a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#18
Jennifer Brady, Natalie Beausoleil
This commentary provides a response to the article "A critical analysis of obesity prevention policies and strategies" from a feminist fat studies perspective. We argue that a fundamental disjuncture exists between the authors' desire to redress fat stigma, and their understanding of "obesity as disease", which inherently draws on a neoliberal, healthist paradigm of health and body weight that is at the root of fat stigma.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356669/a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#19
Ximena Ramos Salas, Mary Forhan, Timothy Caulfield, Arya M Sharma, Kim Raine
OBJECTIVES: Public health policies have been criticized for promoting a simplistic narrative that may contribute to weight bias. Weight bias can impact population health by increasing morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to: 1) critically analyze Canadian obesity prevention policies and strategies to identify underlying dominant narratives; 2) deconstruct dominant narratives and consider the unintended consequences for people with obesity; and 3) make recommendations to change dominant obesity narratives that may be contributing to weight bias...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346190/why-don-t-hospitals-prioritize-substance-abuse-in-their-community-benefit-programming
#20
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
The goal of this study was to understand whether Appalachian Ohio hospitals prioritized substance abuse in their IRS-mandated community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and if not, what factors were important in this decision. Analysis of CHNA reports from all 28 hospitals in the region supplemented interview data from in-depth phone interviews, with 17 participants tasked with overseeing CHNAs at 21 hospitals. The CHNA reports show that hospitals in this region prioritize substance abuse and mental health less often than access to care and obesity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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