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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329546/whole-genome-sequencing-of-genotype-vi-newcastle-disease-viruses-from-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissues-from-wild-pigeons-reveals-continuous-evolution-and-previously-unrecognized-genetic-diversity-in-the-u-s
#1
Ying He, Tonya L Taylor, Kiril M Dimitrov, Salman L Butt, James B Stanton, Iryna V Goraichuk, Heather Fenton, Rebecca Poulson, Jian Zhang, Corrie C Brown, Hon S Ip, Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Claudio L Afonso
BACKGROUND: Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) are highly contagious and cause disease in both wild birds and poultry. A pigeon-adapted variant of genotype VI NDV, often termed pigeon paramyxovirus 1, is commonly isolated from columbids in the United States and worldwide. Complete genomic characterization of these genotype VI viruses circulating in wild columbids in the United States is limited, and due to the genetic variability of the virus, failure of rapid diagnostic detection has been reported...
January 12, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327954/prevalence-of-caryospora-species-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-in-falcons-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Victor D S Mateuta, Jaime H Samour
A total of 3975 fecal samples, originated from the same number of individual birds, from 7 dedicated falcon hospitals, were examined to determine the prevalence of Caryospora species in the falcon population used in the sport of falconry in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). From that total, 297 (7.5%) were positive for the presence of Caryospora species. The falcons were all captive bred within the UAE and abroad, mainly from Germany, Spain, the United States, and Canada. Positive samples for the presence of Caryospora species were sporulated, and the taxonomy was established based on morphologic characteristics...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326125/hazardous-alcohol-consumption-among-spouses-or-partners-of-military-service-personnel-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Rachael Gribble, G K Thandi, L Goodwin, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is particularly high among both the UK and US Armed Forces. As alcohol use among couples is associated, military spouses or partners may therefore be at a higher risk of acquiring hazardous drinking behaviours than people in relationships with other occupational groups. METHOD: A literature review using a systematic approach was undertaken in four medical databases and supplemented with hand searches of specialist publications and reference lists...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324544/gestational-trophoblastic-disease-electronic-consults-what-do-patients-and-physicians-want-to-know
#4
Roni Nitecki, Ross S Berkowitz, Kevin M Elias, Donald P Goldstein, Neil S Horowitz
OBJECTIVES: Given the rarity of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD), specialized regional and national centers for GTD have been established. These centers serve at least 3 purposes: to improve care for women with GTD, to enhance research though collaboration, and to educate other clinicians. This study was undertaken to understand the potential GTD knowledge gap by examining both patient and physician inquiries received at a specialized GTD center. METHODS: All electronic consults received by specialists at our center between March 2016 and March 2017 were analyzed...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323524/work-disability-in-soldiers-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-posttraumatic-embitterment-disorder-and-not-event-related-common-mental-disorders
#5
Beate Muschalla, Heinrich Rau, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Christine Knaevelsrud
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic mental disorders may occur with different affect qualities. Best known is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a conditioned anxiety reaction with intrusions. Another event-related mental disorder is posttraumatic embitterment (PTED), characterized by affect of embitterment and thoughts of revenge, occurring after an event deeply hurting basic beliefs. Knowing about associated disability is important for treatment and sociomedical decisions. This is the first study to explore work-disability in patients with PTSD, PTED, and not-event-related common mental disorder (CMD)...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320643/2017-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-endocrine-society-update-on-transgender-medicine-case-discussions
#6
Vin Tangpricha, Sabine E Hannema, Michael S Irwig, Walter J Meyer, Joshua D Safer, Wylie C Hembree
OBJECTIVE: Increased numbers of transgender and gender-nonconforming people are presenting to physicians in the United States and abroad due to increased public recognition and acceptance and increased access to healthcare facilities. However, there are still gaps in medical knowledge among endocrinologists and other health care professionals. The purpose of these cases is to present several common clinical vignettes of transgender people presenting in an office setting that illustrate some of the key recommendations of the Endocrine Society's revised Endocrine Treatment of Gender Dysphoria/Gender Incongruent Persons guidelines, cosponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists...
December 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318993/a-case-of-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-co-infected-with-hiv-improved-with-exchange-transfusion
#7
Ayşe Sağmak Tartar, Ayhan Akbulut, Ömür Gökmen Sevindik, Hatice Handan Akbulut, Kutbeddin Demirdağ
In our country, within years, despite a dramatic drop in the number of patients with malaria, a dramatic increase in the number of patients with import malaria is noteworthy. A 32-year-old male patient presented with fever, shivering, malaise, and loss of appetite. He had travelled to West Africa. Laboratory findings were as follows: hemoglobin: 8.8 g/dL and anti-HIV: positive. Microscopic examinations of thin blood smears and thick blood preparations revealed widespread trophozoites. The presence of double-dotted ring forms and banana-shaped gametocytes resulted in Plasmodium falciparum malaria being diagnosed...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317333/pocket-size-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-rural-uganda-a-unique-opportunity-to-see-where-no-imaging-facilities-are-available
#8
Danny Epstein, Neta Petersiel, Erez Klein, Erez Marcusohn, Eyal Aviran, Reut Harel, Zaher S Azzam, Ami Neuberger, Lior Fuchs
BACKGROUND: In the developing world, only a small minority of patients have access to radiological services. Over the past decade, technological developments of ultrasound equipment have led to the emergence of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS), which is widely used by healthcare professionals of nearly all specialties. We hypothesized that physicians with only basic POCUS training, but with telemedicine support, can use POCUS successfully in rural hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa...
January 6, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317109/the-role-of-the-2011-patients-rights-in-cross-border-health-care-directive-in-shaping-seven-national-health-systems-looking-beyond-patient-mobility
#9
Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, Rita Baeten, Timo Clemens, Triin Habicht, Ilmo Keskimäki, Iwona Kowalska-Bobko, Anna Sagan, Ewout van Ginneken
Reports on the implementation of the Directive on the application of Patients' Rights in Cross-border Healthcare indicate that it had little impact on the numbers of patients seeking care abroad. We set out to explore the effects of this directive on health systems in seven EU Member States. Key informants in Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Malta, Poland and The Netherlands filled out a structured questionnaire. Findings indicate that the impact of the directive varied between countries and was smaller in countries where a large degree of adaptation had already taken place in response to the European Court of Justice Rulings...
January 4, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311536/historical-origins-of-the-tuskegee-experiment-the-dilemma-of-public-health-in-the-united-states
#10
Jinbin Park
The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male was an observational study on African-American males in Tuskegee, Alabama between 1932 and 1972. The U. S. Public Health Service ran this study on more than 300 people without notifying the participants about their disease nor treating them even after the introduction of penicillin. The study included recording the progress of disease and performing an autopsy on the deaths. This paper explores historical backgrounds enabled this infamous study, and discusses three driving forces behind the Tuskegee Study...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309168/-scientific-conference-rijeka-and-its-citizens-in-medical-history-2000-2016
#11
Robert Doričić, Igor Eterović
This paper presents the form and content of the sixteen scientific conferences "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History" ("Rijeka i Riječani u medicinskoj povjesnici") which were held in the period between 2000 and 2016 according to the archive data of the conference organizer Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture. It presents data about the beginning of science convention, some its organisational features and the number of participants. A total of 315 presentations, whose abstracts were published in individual conference's abstract books, were given at the sixteen conventions by 463 participants from Croatia and abroad...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307308/what-are-the-appropriate-methodological-standards-for-international-comparisons-of-health-data
#12
Peter S Hussey, Maria O Edelen
International comparisons of health systems are frequently used to inform national health policy debates. These comparisons can be used to gauge areas of strength and weakness in a health system, and to find potential solutions from abroad that can be applied locally. But such comparisons are methodologically fraught and, if not carefully performed and used, can be misleading.In a recent IJHPR article, Baruch Levi has raised concerns about the use of international comparisons of self-reported health data in health policy debates in Israel...
January 8, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306922/educating-aboriginal-nursing-students-responding-to-the-truth-and-reconciliation-report
#13
Annette Lane, Kristin Petrovic
A 2015 Canadian report from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission issued two calls for action that specifically challenge nursing education programs: a call to incorporate indigenous knowledge and learning, and a call to reduce health disparities between aboriginals and non-aboriginals. These calls to action raise questions for nurse educators regarding how best to recruit, retain, and educate aboriginal nursing students. A literature review was conducted to examine issues faced by aboriginal students in nursing programs, as well as cultural competence with nurse educators working with aboriginal students...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303043/-the-best-laid-schemes-o-mice-an-men-a-workshop-to-teach-the-application-of-evidence-based-medicine-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Rakesh Narendra Modi, Laura Chapman, Camille Gajria, Eugene Yee Hing Tang
Background Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is often an ideal, with beginnings in positivist science. More recent relativism, rights and ethics have challenged a binary view of EBM. Medical volunteering is a paradigm as GPs and trainees often run EBM projects in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), which require significant contextual adaptation. We created a workshop to enable GPs and GP trainees to reflect on and plan for the factors important in the application of EBM in LMICs. We describe the first running at the 21st WONCA Europe Conference...
January 5, 2018: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302149/epidemiological-trends-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-al-madinah-al-munawarah-province-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Miskelyemen Abdelatti Elmekki, Mogahid M Elhassan, Hani A Ozbak, Ilham T Qattan, Satti M Saleh, Ali H Alharbi
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological trends of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, western region of KSA. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and sixty-seven parasitologically confirmed CL cases attending Al-Meeqat Hospital, Al-Madinah, during 2012-2015, were included in this study. Results: Both Saudi and non-Saudi nationals were infected, with the highest infection rate being among Saudis (68.7%). Males were more affected than females as 86...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299754/survey-on-using-ethical-principles-in-environmental-field-research-with-place-based-communities
#16
Dianne Quigley, Alana Levine, David A Sonnenfeld, Phil Brown, Qing Tian, Xiaofan Wei
Researchers of the Northeast Ethics Education Partnership (NEEP) at Brown University sought to improve an understanding of the ethical challenges of field researchers with place-based communities in environmental studies/sciences and environmental health by disseminating a questionnaire which requested information about their ethical approaches to these researched communities. NEEP faculty sought to gain actual field guidance to improve research ethics and cultural competence training for graduate students and faculty in environmental sciences/studies...
January 3, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297862/estimate-of-the-prevalence-of-subjects-with-gambling-related-problems-requiring-treatment-a-study-in-northern-italy
#17
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Corrado Zenesini, Angelo Fioritti
This study analyzes the data related to subjects who for the first time turned to a hospital or to a Public Treatment Service Dedicated to Drug Addicts or to a Community Mental Health Center for problems related to pathological gambling in the metropolitan area of Bologna (Northern Italy) in the period 2000/2015. The aims were to describe characteristics and problems of pathological gamblers (PGs), and to estimate the prevalence of PGs using the capture-recapture method. Four hundred and ninety-five residents were identified, with an estimate of 1570 PGs and a prevalence of 1...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288673/construction-and-immunogenicity-analysis-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-expressing-a-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-s-gene-fused-to-a-dc-targeting-peptide
#18
Ke-Yan Huang, Gui-Lian Yang, Yu-Bei Jin, Jing Liu, Hong-Liang Chen, Peng-Bo Wang, Yan-Long Jiang, Chun-Wei Shi, Hai-Bin Huang, Jian-Zhong Wang, Guang Wang, Yuan-Huan Kang, Wen-Tao Yang, Chun-Feng Wang
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is one of the most important causative pathogens of swine diarrhea, which is widely prevalent throughout the world and is responsible for significant economic losses in the commercial pig industry, both domestic and abroad. The spike (S) protein in the PEDV capsid structure can carry the major B lymphocyte epitope, which induces production of neutralizing antibodies and provides immunoprotective effects. Moreover, the conserved region encoded by the S gene can be considered a target for establishing a new diagnostic method and is a new candidate for vaccine design...
December 27, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284769/few-gender-differences-in-attitudes-and-experiences-after-live-kidney-donation-with-minor-changes-over-time
#19
Bengt von Zur-Mühlen, Shinji Yamamoto, Jonas Wadström
BACKGROUND We sought to study gender differences and differences over time with respect to demographics, relation to recipient, donor motives, and experiences of live kidney donation. MATERIAL AND METHODS In all, 455 consecutive live kidney donors, representing all of the donors at our center between 1974 and 2008 were considered for this study. There were 28 deceased donors and 14 donors who had moved abroad, leaving 413 donors; 387 (94%) agreed to participate in this study. A questionnaire was sent and the answers was analyzed for gender differences and, where relevant, for changes over time...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284517/updates-and-reflections-about-the-ijhpr-on-the-eve-of-its-seventh-year
#20
EDITORIAL
Bruce Rosen, Avi Israeli
The Israel Journal of Health Policy Research (IJHPR) will soon be completing 6 years of publication. During this period, it has published well over 300 articles and has become a stable and vital part of Israeli health care. The number of IJHPR articles published annually has increased significantly over time, and the number of submissions has increased even more significantly. The journal is regularly drawing submissions from a very broad range of Israeli universities, hospitals, health plans, and other institutions, and from leading institutions abroad...
December 28, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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