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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525368/indirubin-improves-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-functions-in-lipopolysaccharide-challenged-mice
#1
Tianjie Qi, Haitao Li, Shuai Li
Indirubin, a traditional Chinese medicine formulation from the Muricidae family, has been reported to exhibit abroad anti-cancer and anti-inflammation activities and mediate nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signal. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the protective effects of indirubin on LPS-induced acute lung injury and the potential mechanism in mice. The results showed that LPS treatment caused oxidative stress and inflammation in mice. Indirubin alleviated LPS-caused oxidative stress and inflammation via reducing MDA abundance and IL-1β and TNF-α expressions in mice...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522118/a-national-survey-of-hdr-source-knowledge-among-practicing-radiation-oncologists-and-residents-establishing-a-willingness-to-pay-threshold-for-cobalt-60-usage
#2
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Wesley Talcott, Omar Ishaq, Patrice Cohen, Christina J Small, Tamara Duckworth, Gustavo Sarria Bardales, Carmen A Perez, Peter B Schiff, William Small, Matthew M Harkenrider
PURPOSE: Ir-192 is the predominant source for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in United States markets. Co-60, with longer half-life and fewer source exchanges, has piloted abroad with comparable clinical dosimetry but increased shielding requirements. We sought to identify practitioner knowledge of Co-60 and establish acceptable willingness-to-pay (WTP) thresholds for additional shielding requirements for use in future cost-benefit analysis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A nationwide survey of U...
May 15, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520996/epidemiology-of-travellers-diarrhea
#3
Robert Steffen
Background: Travellers' diarrhea (TD) continues to be the most frequent health problem in travellers with destinations in lower income parts of the world as compared with where they reside, even if that risk has slightly decreased. Methods: A systematic review was published 18 months ago; now PubMed was searched for more recent publications relating to travel, diarrhea, epidemiology, incidence, risk. Results: A trend to decreasing incidence rates have been noted in this as compared with the last century, but TD remains frequent...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518009/aeromedical-evacuation-using-extra-corporeal-life-support-after-resuscitated-cardiac-arrest
#4
David Gerard, Hervé Raffin, Guillaume Lebreton
BACKGROUND: Extra corporeal life support (ECLS) is presently first line therapy for refractory cardiogenic shock. Mobile circulatory support teams implant ECLS or extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients in the hospital without circulatory support. These patients are then transported to specialized centers. Here we report a case of sending a mobile circulatory support team abroad, followed by air ambulance evacuation, which, to our knowledge, has never been used as part of medical assistance abroad...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514996/post-autopsy-computed-tomography-pros-and-cons-in-a-firearm-death
#5
Sindi Visentin, Guido Pelletti, Caterina Dengo, Maria De Matteis, Massimo Montisci
Many studies have focused on the importance of post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) prior to or in substitution of standard forensic autopsies in case of firearm death. However, due to the fact that PMCT is not routinely performed in all countries, in cases of death abroad it can happen that a CT scan is performed only after a first autopsy. A case of post-mortem re-examination, including the external examination and a post-autopsy computed tomography (PACT), of a gunshot victim of homicide in a foreign country is presented, and the pros and cons of imaging in post-autopsy setting are discussed...
May 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514953/emergence-of-babesia-canis-in-southern-england
#6
Maria Del Mar Fernández de Marco, Luis M Hernández-Triana, L Paul Phipps, Kayleigh Hansford, E Sian Mitchell, Ben Cull, Clive S Swainsbury, Anthony R Fooks, Jolyon M Medlock, Nicholas Johnson
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom is considered free of autochthonous transmission of canine babesiosis although cases are reported in dogs associated with recent travel abroad. During the winter months of 2015/16, a cluster of cases of disease in dogs with signs suggestive of canine babesiosis were reported in Harlow, Essex. METHODS: Babesia species were detected in dog blood samples by Giemsa staining of blood smears and by pan-piroplasm PCRs. Babesia species were also detected in extracts of tick DNA using pan-piroplasm PCRs...
May 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514603/case-15-2017-a-27-year-old-woman-with-anemia-thrombocytosis-and-skin-lesions-after-travel-abroad
#7
Michael K Mansour, Alyssa R Letourneau, Zachary S Wallace, Florian J Fintelmann, Ruth K Foreman
Presentation of Case. Dr. Alyssa R. Letourneau: A 27-year-old woman was evaluated in the infectious disease clinic of this hospital because of skin lesions, anemia, thrombocytosis, and an elevated blood alkaline phosphatase level. Eleven months before this presentation, the patient traveled abroad;..
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509659/reasons-for-transferring-hiv-care-in-london
#8
Nadia Ahmed, Duncan Scott, Nasha Matin, Laura Waters, Gary Whitlock
People living with HIV in England, as well as non-UK born and individuals without residency, can access free HIV care at any service in England. We investigated reasons for transfer of care to three London HIV units by asking all patients transferring to fill in a questionnaire exploring reasons for leaving their previous centre and reasons for choosing the new service. A total of 111 patients completed the questionnaire. The majority of patients transferred from abroad to London HIV units, compared to within the UK...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506395/an-enhanced-appreciation-of-cultural-competency-applying-knowledge-at-home-and-abroad
#9
Jimmy N Godwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#10
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494556/-clinical-value-of-health-related-quality-of-life-evaluation-in-community-patients-with-hepatitis-b
#11
P Chen, J W Zhu, T Chen, D F Wang, L P Yang, B Ruan, C B Yu, L J Li
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a major infectious disease which threatens people's health around the world. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become an important index for evaluating the treatment and prognosis of patients with CHB. Many studies abroad have shown that the HRQoL of patients with CHB is influenced by various factors. Disease severity, clinical symptoms, and low self-efficacy are important influencing factors for patients' quality of life. Anti-viral therapy, proper physical therapy, or psychological intervention can significantly improve the HRQoL of community CHB patients, and HRQoL is even significantly improved in patients undergoing liver transplantation one year ago...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493321/local-genes-for-local-bacteria-evidence-of-allopatry-in-the-genomes-of-transatlantic-campylobacter-populations
#12
Ben Pascoe, Guillaume Méric, Koji Yahara, Helen Wimalarathna, Susan Murray, Matthew D Hitchings, Emma L Sproston, Catherine D Carrillo, Eduardo N Taboada, Kerry K Cooper, Steven Huynh, Alison J Cody, Keith A Jolley, Martin C J Maiden, Noel D McCarthy, Xavier Didelot, Craig T Parker, Samuel K Sheppard
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distance and genetic distance, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance with past human migration, whereas in Mycobacterium tuberculosis it is the lack of recombination that causes allopatric clusters. In Campylobacter, analyses of genomic data and molecular typing have been successful in determining the reservoir host species, but not geographical origin...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490704/-establishement-for-regional-pelvic-trauma-database-in-hunan-province
#13
Liang Cheng, Yong Zhu, Haitao Long, Junxiao Yang, Buhua Sun, Kanghua Li
To establish a database for pelvic trauma in Hunan Province, and to start the work of multicenter pelvic trauma registry.
 Methods: To establish the database, literatures relevant to pelvic trauma were screened, the experiences from the established trauma database in China and abroad were learned, and the actual situations for pelvic trauma rescue in Hunan Province were considered. The database for pelvic trauma was established based on the PostgreSQL and the advanced programming language Java 1.6.
 Results: The complex procedure for pelvic trauma rescue was described structurally...
April 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487270/the-research-progress-of-genomic-selection-in-livestock
#14
Li Hongwei, Wang Ruijun, Wang Zhiying, Li Xuewu, Wang Zhenyu, Zhang Yanjun, Su Rui, Liu Zhihong, Li Jinquan
With the development of gene chip and breeding technology, genomic selection in plants and animals has become research hotspots in recent years. Genomic selection has been extensively applied to all kinds of economic livestock, due to its high accuracy, short generation intervals and low breeding costs. In this review, we summarize genotyping technology and the methods for genomic breeding value estimation, the latter including the least square method, RR-BLUP, GBLUP, ssGBLUP, BayesA and BayesB. We also cover basic principles of genomic selection and compare their genetic marker ranges, genomic selection accuracy and operational speed...
May 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485085/the-educational-impact-of-experience-overseas
#15
Thomas A Fox, Ged Byrne, Lucie M Byrne-Davis
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals are increasingly seeking overseas experience as part of their training. In the UK and Ireland, spending time overseas is becoming increasingly common during the first few years of training, with 10.8 per cent of Foundation Year-2 (Postgraduate Year-2) doctors working outside the UK in 2015. Although we know that doctors in training are increasingly seeking overseas experience, the reasons behind this are unknown. Many travel with the intention of returning after a period of time...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484301/comparative-analysis-of-family-medicine-education-and-exams-at-cathedras-of-family-medicine-of-universities-in-southeastern-europe-splitska-inicijativa-sarajevo-2017
#16
Izet Masic, Olivera Batic Mujanovic, Maja Racic, Larisa Gavran, Kosana Stanetic, Merzika Hodzic, Milena Cojic, Ljiljana Cvejanov-Kezunovic, Aleksandar Stepanovic, Katarina Stavrikj, Zaim Jatic, Edita Cerny Obrdalj, Amra Zalihic, Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Education means: learning, teaching or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. Today the importance of focus on educational quality, particularly in the professions operating in the services required by people is agreed by all involved. The higher educational system shoulders some critical responsibilities in the economic, social, cultural and educational development and growth in the communities...
March 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481173/sustaining-and-improving-an-international-service-learning-partnership-evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-service-delivery-model
#17
Lorna M Hayward, Li Li
BACKGROUND: International service learning (ISL) is an instructional method used by physical therapist educators in the United States (US) to prepare students for rendering culturally competent care. ISL is a faculty led student learning opportunity that includes academic instruction and community service in an international context. Research exists that explores student experiences with ISL, but studies that evaluate ISL partnerships and include global stakeholder feedback are lacking...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476678/anticancer-efficacy-of-the-ethyl-acetate-extract-from-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-herb-celastrus-orbiculatus-against-human-gastric-cancer
#18
Haibo Wang, Lide Tao, Tengyang Ni, Hao Gu, Feng Jin, Xiaojun Dai, Jun Feng, Yanbing Ding, Weiming Xiao, Shiyu Guo, Tadashi Hisamitsu, Yayun Qian, Yanqing Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herb Celastrus orbiculatus is an important folk medicinal plant in China that has been used as an anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and analgesic in various diseases. The ethyl acetate extract of C. orbiculatus (C. orbiculatus extract, COE) was reported to show significant antitumor effects. However, no study in China or abroad has reported the effect and mechanism of COE in triggering apoptosis of gastric cancer (GC) cells...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470037/science-abroad
#19
EDITORIAL
Cristina Nevado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467751/rabies-surveillance-in-the-united-states-during-2015
#20
Meseret G Birhane, Julie M Cleaton, Ben P Monroe, Ashutosh Wadhwa, Lillian A Orciari, Pamela Yager, Jesse Blanton, Andres Velasco-Villa, Brett W Petersen, Ryan M Wallace
OBJECTIVE To describe rabies and rabies-related events occurring during 2015 in the United States. DESIGN Observational study based on passive surveillance data. ANIMALS All animals submitted for rabies testing in the United States during 2015. PROCEDURES State and territorial public health programs provided data on animals submitted for rabies testing in 2015. Data were analyzed temporally and geographically to assess trends in domestic and sylvatic animal rabies cases. RESULTS During 2015, 50 states and Puerto Rico reported 5,508 rabid animals to the CDC, representing an 8...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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