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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161352/delta-rhythm-orchestrates-the-neural-activity-underlying-the-resting-state-bold-signal-via-phase-amplitude-coupling
#1
Saul Jaime, Hong Gu, Brian F Sadacca, Elliot A Stein, Jose E Cavazos, Yihong Yang, Hanbing Lu
Spontaneous ongoing neuronal activity is a prominent feature of the mammalian brain. Temporal and spatial patterns of such ongoing activity have been exploited to examine large-scale brain network organization and function. However, the neurophysiological basis of this spontaneous brain activity as detected by resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) remains poorly understood. To this end, multi-site local field potentials (LFP) and blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI were simultaneously recorded in the rat striatum along with local pharmacological manipulation of striatal activity...
November 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157416/the-temporal-dynamics-involved-in-object-representation-updating-to-predict-change
#2
Naomi du Bois, Mark A Elliott
The synchronization of cortically disparate neural assemblies at frequencies in the gamma-band range (30-70Hz) is considered to be involved in the perceptual organization of the environment. In support of this Elliott (2014) demonstrated improved detection of a target stimulus when this target was primed in a matrix that flickered at specific frequencies in the gamma-band range, each found to be separated by regular intervals which correspond with a 6.69Hz period. This can be explained in terms of the interaction of the stimulus (and stimulus-induced) rhythm with a slow endogenous theta rhythm...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125416/gamma-oscillations-in-the-somatosensory-thalamus-of-a-patient-with-a-phantom-limb-case-report
#3
Diellor Basha, Jonathan O Dostrovsky, Suneil K Kalia, Mojgan Hodaie, Andres M Lozano, William D Hutchison
The amputation of an extremity is commonly followed by phantom sensations that are perceived to originate from the missing limb. The mechanism underlying the generation of these sensations is still not clear although the development of abnormal oscillatory bursting in thalamic neurons may be involved. The theory of thalamocortical dysrhythmia implicates gamma oscillations in phantom pathophysiology although this rhythm has not been previously observed in the phantom limb thalamus. In this study, the authors report the novel observation of widespread 38-Hz gamma oscillatory activity in spike and local field potential recordings obtained from the ventral caudal somatosensory nucleus of the thalamus (Vc) of a phantom limb patient undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124106/gamma-rhythm-low-field-magnetic-stimulation-alleviates-neuropathologic-changes-and-rescues-memory-and-cognitive-impairments-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Junli Zhen, Yanjing Qian, Xiechuan Weng, Wenting Su, Jianliang Zhang, Lihui Cai, Lin Dong, Haiting An, Ruijun Su, Jiang Wang, Yan Zheng, Xiaomin Wang
Introduction: The abnormal amyloid β (Aβ) accumulation and Aβ-related neural network dysfunction are considered central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) at the early stage. Deep-brain reachable low field magnetic stimulation (DMS), a novel noninvasive approach that was designed to intervene the network activity in brains, has been found to alleviate stress-related cognitive impairments. Methods: Amyloid precursor protein/presenilin-1 transgenic mice (5XFAD) were treated with DMS, and cognitive behavior and AD-like pathologic changes in the neurochemical and electrophysiological properties in 5XFAD mice were assessed...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120510/in-vitro-characterization-of-gamma-oscillations-in-the-hippocampal-formation-of-the-domestic-chick
#5
Pradeep Dheerendra, Nicholas M Lynch, Joseph Crutwell, Mark O Cunningham, Tom V Smulders
Avian and mammalian brains have evolved independently from each other for about 300 million years. During that time, the hippocampal formation (HF) has diverged in morphology and cyto-architecture, but seems to have conserved much of its function. It is therefore an open question how seemingly different neural organizations can generate the same function. A prominent feature of the mammalian hippocampus is that it generates different neural oscillations, including the gamma rhythm, which plays an important role in memory processing...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118193/duration-analysis-using-matching-pursuit-algorithm-reveals-longer-bouts-of-gamma-rhythm
#6
Subhash Chandran Ks, Chandra Sekhar Seelamantula, Supratim Ray
The gamma rhythm (30 to 80 Hz), often associated with high-level cortical functions, is believed to provide a temporal reference frame for spiking activity, for which it should have a stable center frequency and linear phase for an extended duration. However, recent studies that have estimated the power and phase of gamma as a function of time suggest that gamma occurs in short bursts and lacks the temporal structure required to act as a reference frame. Here we show that the bursty appearance of gamma arises from the variability in the spectral estimator used in these studies...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108940/cortical-layers-rhythms-and-bold-signals
#7
REVIEW
René Scheeringa, Pascal Fries
This review investigates how laminar fMRI can complement insights into brain function derived from the study of rhythmic neuronal synchronization. Neuronal synchronization in various frequency bands plays an important role in neuronal communication between brain areas, and it does so on the backbone of layer-specific interareal anatomical projections. Feedforward projections originate predominantly in supragranular cortical layers and terminate in layer 4, and this pattern is reflected in inter-laminar and interareal directed gamma-band influences...
November 3, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102712/goal-directed-behavior-elevates-gamma-oscillations-in-nidopallium-caudolaterale-of-pigeon
#8
Xinyu Liu, Kun Zhao, Dongyun Wang, Yanna Ping, Hong Wan
Avian nidopallium caudolaterale (NCL), a functional analogue of mammalian prefrontal cortex, is thought to be participated to goal-directed behavior. However, few studies so far investigated local field potential (LFP) properties within this area. In this study, we recorded the LFP activity from the NCL of six pigeons when they performed a goal-directed decision-making task in a plus-maze. Spectral analysis revealed a significant LFP-power increase in the gamma-band (40-60Hz) during the decision-making process...
November 2, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073146/unified-thalamic-model-generates-multiple-distinct-oscillations-with-state-dependent-entrainment-by-stimulation
#9
Guoshi Li, Craig S Henriquez, Flavio Fröhlich
The thalamus plays a critical role in the genesis of thalamocortical oscillations, yet the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. To understand whether the isolated thalamus can generate multiple distinct oscillations, we developed a biophysical thalamic model to test the hypothesis that generation of and transition between distinct thalamic oscillations can be explained as a function of neuromodulation by acetylcholine (ACh) and norepinephrine (NE) and afferent synaptic excitation. Indeed, the model exhibited four distinct thalamic rhythms (delta, sleep spindle, alpha and gamma oscillations) that span the physiological states corresponding to different arousal levels from deep sleep to focused attention...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070630/experience-dependent-trends-in-ca1-theta-and-slow-gamma-rhythms-in-freely-behaving-mice
#10
Brian J Gereke, Alexandra J Mably, Laura Lee Colgin
CA1 place cells become more anticipatory with experience, an effect thought to be caused by NMDA receptor-dependent plasticity in the CA3-CA1 network. Theta (~5-12 Hz), slow gamma (~25-50 Hz), and fast gamma (~50-100 Hz) rhythms are thought to route spatial information in the hippocampal formation and to coordinate place cell ensembles. Yet, it is unknown whether these rhythms exhibit experience-dependent changes concurrent with those observed in place cells. Slow gamma rhythms are thought to indicate inputs from CA3 to CA1, and such inputs are thought to be strengthened with experience...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060862/transcranial-cerebellar-direct-current-stimulation-effects-on-brain-resting-state-oscillatory-and-network-activity
#11
M Petti, L Astolfi, M Masciullo, S Clausi, F Pichiorri, F Cincotti, D Mattia, M Molinari
Transcranial cerebellar direct current stimulation (tcDCS) can offer new insights into the cerebellar function and disorders, by modulating noninvasively the activity of cerebellar networks. Taking into account the functional interplay between the cerebellum and the cerebral cortex, we addressed the effects of unilateral tcDCS (active electrode positioned over the right cerebellar hemisphere) on the electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillatory activity and on the cortical network organization at resting state...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060345/neuronal-desynchronization-as-marker-of-an-impaired-brain-network
#12
S Schulz, B Legorburu Cladera, B Giraldo, M Bolz, K J Bar, A Voss
Synchronization is a central key feature of neural information processing and communication between different brain areas. Disturbance of oscillatory brain rhythms and decreased synchronization have been associated with different disorders including schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether synchronization (in relaxed conditions with no stimuli) between different brain areas within the delta, theta, alpha (alpha1, alpha2), beta (beta1, beta2), and gamma bands is altered in patients with a neurological disorder in order to generate significant cortical enhancements...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047010/disrupted-cholinergic-modulation-can-underlie-abnormal-gamma-rhythms-in-schizophrenia-and-auditory-hallucination
#13
Jung Hoon Lee
The pathophysiology of auditory hallucination, a common symptom of schizophrenia, has yet been understood, but during auditory hallucination, primary auditory cortex (A1) shows paradoxical responses. When auditory stimuli are absent, A1 becomes hyperactive, while A1 responses to auditory stimuli are reduced. Such activation pattern of A1 responses during auditory hallucination is consistent with aberrant gamma rhythms in schizophrenia observed during auditory tasks, raising the possibility that the pathology underlying abnormal gamma rhythms can account for auditory hallucination...
December 2017: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045562/attenuation-of-high-frequency-30-200%C3%A2-hz-thalamocortical-eeg-rhythms-as-correlate-of-anaesthetic-action-evidence-from-dexmedetomidine
#14
G Plourde, F Arseneau, A R Absalom
Background: Gamma (30-80 Hz) and high-gamma (80-200 Hz) thalamocortical EEG rhythms are involved in conscious processes and are attenuated by isoflurane and propofol. To explore the hypothesis that this attenuation is a correlate of anaesthetic action, we characterized the effect dexmedetomidine, a selective adrenergic α-2 agonist with lesser hypnotic potency, on these rhythms. Methods: We recorded local field potentials from barrel cortex and ventroposteromedial thalamic nucleus in ten previously instrumented rats to measure spectral power (30-50 Hz, 51-75 Hz, 76-125 Hz, 126-200 Hz bands) during baseline, at four dexmedetomidine plasma concentrations obtained by i...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031639/oscillatory-neural-representations-in-the-sensory-thalamus-predict-neuropathic-pain-relief-by-deep-brain-stimulation
#15
Yongzhi Huang, Alexander L Green, Jonathan Hyam, James Fitzgerald, Tipu Z Aziz, Shouyan Wang
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the function of sensory thalamic neural activity is essential for developing and improving interventions for neuropathic pain. However, there is a lack of investigation of the relationship between sensory thalamic oscillations and pain relief in patients with neuropathic pain. This study aims to identify the oscillatory neural characteristics correlated with pain relief induced by deep brain stimulation (DBS), and develop a quantitative model to predict pain relief by integrating characteristic measures of the neural oscillations...
October 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021388/in-vivo-beta-and-gamma-subthreshold-oscillations-in-rat-mitral-cells-origin-and-gating-by-respiratory-dynamics
#16
Nicolas Fourcaud-Trocmé, Virginie Briffaud, Marc Thévenet, Nathalie Buonviso, Corine Amat
In mammals, olfactory bulb (OB) dynamics are paced by slow and fast oscillatory rhythms at multiple levels: local field potential, spike discharge, and/or membrane potential oscillations. Interactions between these levels have been well studied for the slow rhythm linked to animal respiration. However, less is known regarding rhythms in the fast beta (10-35Hz) and gamma (35-100Hz) frequency ranges, particularly at the membrane potential level. Using a combination of intracellular and extracellular recordings in the OB of freely breathing rats, we show that beta and gamma subthreshold oscillations (STO) coexist intracellularly and are related to extracellular LFP oscillations in the same frequency range...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954871/is-broadband-gamma-activity-pathologically-synchronized-to-the-beta-rhythm-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Bernadette C M van Wijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951736/classification-of-hand-grasp-kinetics-and-types-using-movement-related-cortical-potentials-and-eeg-rhythms
#18
Mads Jochumsen, Cecilie Rovsing, Helene Rovsing, Imran Khan Niazi, Kim Dremstrup, Ernest Nlandu Kamavuako
Detection of single-trial movement intentions from EEG is paramount for brain-computer interfacing in neurorehabilitation. These movement intentions contain task-related information and if this is decoded, the neurorehabilitation could potentially be optimized. The aim of this study was to classify single-trial movement intentions associated with two levels of force and speed and three different grasp types using EEG rhythms and components of the movement-related cortical potential (MRCP) as features. The feature importance was used to estimate encoding of discriminative information...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930523/the-evolving-concept-of-the-intrinsic-hippocampal-theta-gamma-oscillator
#19
Mauro Cataldi, Chiara Vigliotti
  Three main types of electrical oscillations are recorded from the hippocampus in vivo: theta (θ), gamma (γ) and sharp wave ripples with frequency bands of 4-12, 25-100 and 110-250 Hz, respectively. Theta activity is the more robust of them, and has important physiological roles because it is involved in spatial navigation, memory formation and memory retrieval. Classical lesion studies in vivo have suggested that the hippocampus passively follows the θ  rhythm generated in the septum by neurons that are synaptically connected with hippocampal neurons though septo-hippocampal connections...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926001/ketamine-differential-neurophysiological-dynamics-in-functional-networks-in-the-rat-brain
#20
A Ahnaou, H Huysmans, R Biermans, N V Manyakov, W H I M Drinkenburg
Recently, the N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) antagonist ketamine has emerged as a fast-onset mechanism to achieve antidepressant activity, whereas its psychomimetic, dissociative and amnestic effects have been well documented to pharmacologically model schizophrenia features in rodents. Sleep-wake architecture, neuronal oscillations and network connectivity are key mechanisms supporting brain plasticity and cognition, which are disrupted in mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rats, we investigated the dynamic effects of acute and chronic subcutaneous administration of ketamine (2...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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