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Cognitive remediation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421871/exploring-predictors-of-work-competence-in-schizophrenia-the-role-of-theory-of-mind
#1
Margherita Bechi, Marco Spangaro, Alessandro Pigoni, Elena Ripamonti, Mariachiara Buonocore, Federica Cocchi, Laura Bianchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Antonella Rita Mastromatteo, Roberto Cavallaro, Marta Bosia
In schizophrenia employment rate is dramatically low, also among patients receiving job support interventions. Recent studies showed a direct relationship between neurocognitive deficits and work functioning, as well as proving the benefits of combined neurocognitive and work interventions. Current evidence also supports a role of Theory of Mind (ToM), on work functioning. However, the effect of integrated rehabilitation programmes including a social cognitive training on job outcome is still less explored...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421717/cognitive-profiles-in-euthymic-patients-with-bipolar-disorders-results-from-the-face-bd-cohort
#2
Paul Roux, Aurélie Raust, Anne Sophie Cannavo, Valérie Aubin, Bruno Aouizerate, Jean-Michel Azorin, Frank Bellivier, Raoul Belzeaux, Thierry Bougerol, Iréna Cussac, Philippe Courtet, Bruno Etain, Sébastien Gard, Sophie Job, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Marion Leboyer, Emilie Olié, Chantal Henry, Christine Passerieux
OBJECTIVES: Although cognitive deficits are a well-established feature of bipolar disorders (BD), even during periods of euthymia, little is known about cognitive phenotype heterogeneity among patients with BD. METHODS: We investigated neuropsychological performance in 258 euthymic patients with BD recruited via the French network of expert centers for BD. We used a test battery assessing six domains of cognition. Hierarchical cluster analysis of the cross-sectional data was used to determine the optimal number of subgroups and to assign each patient to a specific cognitive cluster...
April 19, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420211/cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-treatment-satisfaction-and-the-perception-of-change
#3
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Kristin Stedal
Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has recently been developed for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). It focuses on decreasing rigid cognitions and behaviors, as well as increasing central coherence. Overall, CRT has been proven feasible for young individuals with AN, but little is known regarding the specifics of its feasibility, and the perception of change associated with the intervention. Consequently, the aim of the current study was to explore service users' perspective on CRT with a specific focus on treatment delivery, treatment content, and perceived change...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412142/early-enriched-physical-environment-reverses-impairments-of-the-hippocampus-but-not-medial-prefrontal-cortex-of-adolescent-socially-isolated-mice
#4
Min Cao, Tinglin Pu, Linmei Wang, Charles Marshall, Hongliang He, Gang Hu, Ming Xiao
Early social isolation (SI) produces a variety of emotional, behavioral and cognitive abnormalities. Conversely, environmental enrichment (EE), a complicated social and physical construct, offers beneficial effects on brain plasticity and development. However, whether or not exclusive physical EE is sufficient to reverse the adverse consequences of adolescent SI remains unclear. Here we reported that 1 month-old solitary mice housed in the EE for 8 weeks corrected spatial cognitive dysfunction, but did not ameliorate social interaction deficits and increased anxiety-like behavior...
April 12, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401047/neuroimaging-studies-of-cognitive-remediation-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#5
Rafael Penadés, Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Rosa Catalán, Bàrbara Segura, Miquel Bernardo, Carme Junqué
AIM: To examine the effects of cognitive remediation therapies on brain functioning through neuroimaging procedures in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A systematic, computerised literature search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline and PsychInfo databases. The search was performed through February 2016 without any restrictions on language or publication date. The search was performed using the following search terms: [("cogniti*" and "remediation" or "training" or "enhancement") and ("fMRI" or "MRI" or "PET" or "SPECT") and (schizophrenia or schiz*)]...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396855/radon-risk-and-remediation-a-psychological-perspective
#6
David Hevey
Although radon exposure in the home increases the risk of lung cancer, this risk can be managed. However, evidence indicates that testing for radon and subsequent home remediation rates are generally low in many countries. The present perspective outlines some key insights from psychological science that might account for sub-optimal radon protection. Psychological aspects of how the health risks posed by radon are perceived and managed are outlined. There is need to consider radon risk perception in terms of the (a) cognitive and emotional responses to radon and (b) social context in which the radon threat occurs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395527/assessing-cognitive-related-disability-in-schizophrenia-reliability-validity-and-underlying-factors-of-the-evaluation-of-cognitive-processes-involved-in-disability-in-schizophrenia-scale
#7
Christine Passerieux, Virginie Bulot, Marie-Christine Hardy-Baylé, Paul Roux
PURPOSE: We have developed a new scale that assesses disability caused by cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, in order to evaluate the functional impact of schizophrenia and help the prescription of rehabilitation interventions. The aim of the study was to assess its psychometrical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mental healthcare professionals and relatives of individuals with schizophrenia developed and rated the evaluation of cognitive processes involved in disability in schizophrenia scale, which included 13 items...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384481/cognitive-states-influence-dopamine-driven-aberrant-learning-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
James F Cavanagh, Andrea A Mueller, Darin R Brown, Jacqueline R Janowich, Jacqueline H Story-Remer, Ashley Wegele, Sarah Pirio Richardson
Individual differences in dopaminergic tone underlie tendencies to learn from reward versus punishment. These effects are well documented in Parkinson's patients, who vacillate between low and high tonic dopaminergic states as a function of medication. Yet very few studies have investigated the influence of higher-level cognitive states known to affect downstream dopaminergic learning in Parkinson's patients. A dopamine-dependent cognitive influence over learning would provide a candidate mechanism for declining cognitive integrity and motivation in Parkinson's patients...
March 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380008/a-pilot-study-to-determine-the-feasibility-of-enhancing-cognitive-abilities-in-children-with-sensory-processing-dysfunction
#9
Joaquin A Anguera, Anne N Brandes-Aitken, Ashley D Antovich, Camarin E Rolle, Shivani S Desai, Elysa J Marco
Children with Sensory Processing Dysfunction (SPD) experience incoming information in atypical, distracting ways. Qualitative challenges with attention have been reported in these children, but such difficulties have not been quantified using either behavioral or functional neuroimaging methods. Furthermore, the efficacy of evidence-based cognitive control interventions aimed at enhancing attention in this group has not been tested. Here we present work aimed at characterizing and enhancing attentional abilities for children with SPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379916/optimizing-cognitive-function-in-persons-with-chronic-pain
#10
Katharine S Baker, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive functioning is commonly disrupted in people living with chronic pain, yet it is an aspect of pain that is often not routinely assessed in pain management settings, and there is a paucity of research on treatments or strategies to alleviate the problem. The purpose of this review is to outline recent research on cognitive deficits seen in chronic pain, to give an overview of the mechanisms involved, advocate cognitive functioning as an important target for treatment in pain populations, and discuss ways in which it may be assessed and potentially remediated...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377723/multiple-psychopharmacological-effects-of-the-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-yokukansan-and-the-brain-regions-it-affects
#11
REVIEW
Kazushige Mizoguchi, Yasushi Ikarashi
Yokukansan (YKS), a traditional Japanese Kampo medicine, has indications for use in night crying and irritability in children, as well as neurosis and insomnia. It is currently also used for the remedy of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), such as aggressiveness, agitation, and hallucinations. In parallel with clinical evidence, a significant amount of fundamental researches have been undertaken to clarify the neuropsychopharmacological efficacies of YKS, with approximately 70 articles, including our own, being published to date...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368183/evaluation-of-a-cognitive-remediation-intervention-for-college-students-with-psychiatric-conditions
#12
Michelle G Mullen, Judy L Thompson, Ann A Murphy, Derek Malenczak, Giovanna Giacobbe, Sean Karyczak, Katherine E Holloway, Elizabeth W Twamley, Steven M Silverstein, Kenneth J Gill
OBJECTIVE: Given the poor educational outcomes associated with psychiatric conditions, we developed Focused Academic Strength Training (FAST), a 12-week strategy-focused cognitive remediation intervention designed to improve academic functioning among college students with psychiatric conditions. Here we report initial results from a randomized controlled trial of FAST. METHOD: Seventy-two college students with mood, anxiety, and/or psychotic disorders were randomized to receive FAST or services as usual and were assessed at baseline and 4 months (posttreatment)...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368182/successful-implementation-of-a-cognitive-remediation-program-in-everyday-clinical-practice-for-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia
#13
Alexander Panickacheril John, Kim Yeak, Helen Ayres, Milan Dragovic
OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the feasibility and benefits of implementing cognitive remediation interventions in everyday clinical practice among individuals living with schizophrenia. METHOD: We retrospectively assessed short-term cognitive and occupational outcomes of 89 consecutively admitted people with schizophrenia at a public mental health service. A computerized cognitive remediation program was offered at the facility as an integral component of psychosocial treatments...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368181/the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs
#14
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser, Melanie A Watkins, Carline M Dalton, Heather Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow. This study evaluated the feasibility of implementing an empirically supported cognitive remediation program in routine rehabilitation services at 2 sites. METHOD: The Thinking Skills for Work (TSW) program was adapted for implementation at 2 sites of a large psychiatric rehabilitation agency providing prevocational services, but not community-based vocational services, which were provided off-site...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368180/predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-remediation-in-service-recipients-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, Veronica Anna Ozog, Anzalee Khan, Isidora Ljuri, Samantha Fregenti, Susan R McGurk
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive challenges are prominent features of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, impairing occupational, social, and economic functioning. These challenges are predictive of social and work outcomes. Cognitive remediation has been shown to be effective in improving both cognitive and social functions. However, cognitive remediation does not produce improvement in all participants. We investigated demographic, neurocognitive, and psychopathological predictors associated with improvement following cognitive remediation interventions in service recipients with severe mental illnesses...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368178/introduction-to-special-issue-on-cognitive-remediation
#16
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser
This article serves as an introduction to the special issue on the topic of cognitive remediation. The papers comprising this special issue make important contributions to the cognitive remediation field by testing the efficacy of cognitive programs on unique symptom targets of serious mental illness, evaluating novel cognitive program enhancements, demonstrating the feasibility and promise of incorporating cognitive programs into everyday practice, and engaging new populations into cognitive programs. Together, these papers show that cognitive remediation is an important and increasingly common component of comprehensive psychiatric rehabilitation programs that can increase the effectiveness of these programs at helping participants make progress toward and achieve their personal goals...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351410/cognitive-behavioral-rehabilitation-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-bipolar-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Bernardo Carramão Gomes, Cristiana Castanho Rocca, Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is commonly associated with cognitive and functional impairments even during remission periods, and although a growing number of studies have demonstrated the benefits of psychotherapy as an add-on to pharmacological treatment, its effectiveness appears to be less compelling in severe presentations of the disorder. New interventions have attempted to improve cognitive functioning in BD patients, but results have been mixed. METHODS: The study consists of a clinical trial comparing a new structured group intervention, called "Cognitive-Behavioral Rehabilitation," with treatment as usual (TAU) for bipolar patients...
March 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349247/benzodiazepine-long-term-administration-is-associated-with-impaired-attention-working-memory-in-schizophrenia-results-from-the-national-multicentre-face-sz-data-set
#18
Guillaume Fond, F Berna, L Boyer, O Godin, L Brunel, M Andrianarisoa, B Aouizerate, D Capdevielle, I Chereau, J M Danion, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, T Le Gloahec, P M Llorca, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, R Rey, R Richieri, C Passerieux, C Portalier, P Roux, A Vehier, H Yazbek, F Schürhoff, E Bulzacka
OBJECTIVE: The effect of benzodiazepine long-term administration (BLTA) in cognitive functioning of subjects with schizophrenia (SZ) has been partially explored to date. The objective was to assess BLTA-associated cognitive impairment with a comprehensive cognitive battery in a non-selected multicentric/national community-dwelling sample of stabilized SZ subjects. METHOD: 407 community-dwelling stabilized SZ subjects were consecutively included in the FondaMental Academic Centers of Expertise for Schizophrenia Cohort (FACE-SZ)...
March 27, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344565/from-attire-to-assault-clothing-objectification-and-de-humanization-a-possible-prelude-to-sexual-violence
#19
Bhuvanesh Awasthi
In the context of objectification and violence, little attention has been paid to the perception neuroscience of how the human brain perceives bodies and objectifies them. Various studies point to how external cues such as appearance and attire could play a key role in encouraging objectification, dehumanization and the denial of agency. Reviewing new experimental findings across several areas of research, it seems that common threads run through issues of clothing, sexual objectification, body perception, dehumanization, and assault...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343465/academic-outcomes-in-individuals-with-childhood-onset-epilepsy-mediating-effects-of-working-memory
#20
Ashley N Danguecan, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVES: Academic difficulties are common in children with epilepsy, although little is known about the effect of various seizure-related and cognitive variables. Given that persistent seizures may negatively impact academics, and that working memory is predictive of academic abilities, we examined the effects of recent seizures and working memory on word reading, spelling, and arithmetic in pediatric epilepsy. We hypothesized that persistent seizures would be associated with lower working memory ability, which would in turn result in poorer academic performance...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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