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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922040/functional-urological-disorders-a-sensitized-defence-response-in-the-bladder-gut-brain-axis
#1
REVIEW
Carsten Leue, Joanna Kruimel, Desiree Vrijens, Adrian Masclee, Jim van Os, Gommert van Koeveringe
Functional urological and gastrointestinal disorders are interrelated and characterized by a chronic course and considerable treatment resistance. Urological disorders associated with a sizeable functional effect include overactive bladder (OAB), interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). Poor treatment outcomes might be attributable to untreated underlying psychological and psychiatric disorders, as the co-occurrence of functional urological and gastrointestinal disorders with mood and anxiety disorders is common...
December 6, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921860/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-neurocognition-and-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-italian-naturalistic-study
#2
Mariangela Lanfredi, Giacomo Deste, Clarissa Ferrari, Stefano Barlati, Laura Rosa Magni, Roberta Rossi, Luca de Peri, Marco Bonomi, Giuseppe Rossi, Antonio Vita
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has been reported to positively affect neurocognitive processes among patients with schizophrenia; however, the degree to which changes in cognition is linked to improved clinical symptoms, remains poorly understood. The current study aimed to investigate whether cognitive gains were associated to improvements in negative symptoms' severity in patients with schizophrenia living in two Italian psychiatric facilities. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were consecutively assigned to CRT (n = 33) and compared with an historical control group (n = 28)...
December 6, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920065/can-cognitive-remediation-improve-subsequent-response-to-low-intensity-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-psychosis-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#3
Farooq Naeem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920064/re-can-cognitive-remediation-improve-subsequent-response-to-low-intensity-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-psychosis-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#4
Ryan P Balzan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919474/a-study-of-cognitive-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-novel-clinical-and-electrophysiological-parameters-utilizing-the-event-related-potential-p300
#5
Somasundaram Aadhimoolam Chinnadurai, Srinivasan Avathvadi Venkatesan, Gobinathan Shankar, Balasubramanian Samivel, Lakshmi Narasimhan Ranganathan
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive fatigue plays a significant part in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) related impairment, knowledge regarding it is largely lacking. Until now, not many tools are available to a clinician to detect cognitive fatigue. The subjective tools of fatigue have never been reliable.tabl OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and clinical/ demographic profile of cognitive fatigue in MS using novel clinical and electrophysiological measures and to find their accuracy. We also aimed to test the three leading hypotheses - the temporal fatigue, cognitive load and cognitive domain hypotheses of cognitive fatigue in MS...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917364/cognitive-remediation-and-bias-modification-strategies-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#6
Alexandra K Gold, Rebecca E Montana, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg, Thilo Deckersbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cognitive impairments and biases, which are prevalent in patients with mood and anxiety disorders, can affect quality of life and functioning. Traditional treatments are only insufficiently addressing these impairments and biases. We review the cognitive impairments and biases present in these disorders as well as treatments targeting these domains. RECENT FINDINGS: Interventions aimed at improving cognitive impairments and biases may help improve cognitive deficits and overall functioning in patients with mood and anxiety disorders...
December 2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914248/the-difficult-lives-of-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-functional-outcomes-and-their-implications-for-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Michael J Gitlin, David J Miklowitz
BACKGROUND: Most longitudinal or treatment studies in bipolar disorder have used symptomatic or syndromal status as the primary outcome variable. More recently, psychosocial functioning has been highlighted as a key domain of outcome. Patients with bipolar disorder appear to be impaired in all functional domains, although the factors that cause impairment have not been clearly specified. METHODS: This paper reviews cross-sectional and longitudinal studies on functional impairment and its relationship to symptomatic, neurocognitive, personality, and stress variables in bipolar disorder; and the implications of these relationships for defining treatment targets...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899036/learning-from-the-minds-of-others-a-review-of-social-cognition-treatments-and-their-relevance-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Anneli Cassel, Skye McDonald, Michelle Kelly, Leanne Togher
Social cognition is widely regarded as an essential skill with which to understand the social world. Despite this, the role that social cognition plays in outcome, and whether deficits are remediable after traumatic brain injury (TBI), are not yet well known. The current review examines the construct of social cognition and presents a conceptual biopsychosocial model with which to understand the social cognitive process. This is related to the literature on social cognitive deficits in TBI and we discuss relevant treatment developments to date within this population...
November 30, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894892/longitudinal-functional-brain-imaging-study-in-early-course-schizophrenia-before-and-after-cognitive-enhancement-therapy
#9
Matcheri S Keshavan, Shaun M Eack, Konasale M Prasad, Chiara S Haller, Raymond Y Cho
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is characterized by impaired -social and non social cognition both of which lead to functional deficits. These deficits may benefit from cognitive remediation, but the neural underpinnings of such improvements have not been clearly delineated. METHODS: We conducted a functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) study in early course schizophrenia patients randomly assigned to cognitive enhancement therapy (CET) or enriched supportive therapy (EST) and treated for two years...
November 25, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891743/ingressive-speech-errors-a-service-evaluation-of-speech-sound-therapy-in-a-child-aged-4-6
#10
Laura Hrastelj, Rachael-Anne Knight
BACKGROUND: A pattern of ingressive substitutions for word-final sibilants can be identified in a small number of cases in child speech disorder, with growing evidence suggesting it is a phonological difficulty, despite the unusual surface form. Phonological difficulty implies a problem with the cognitive process of organizing speech into sound contrasts. AIMS: To evaluate phonological therapy approaches in the remediation of non-pulmonic speech errors. Thus, adding to evidence concerning the nature of ingressive substitutions and their remediation whilst highlighting their occurrence within child speech disorder population for practising and training speech and language therapists...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880860/precepting-challenge-helping-the-student-attain-the-affective-skills-of-a-good-midwife
#11
REVIEW
Susan Agard Krause
Preparing students for a career in midwifery is a rewarding venture. The knowledge and techniques necessary to meet the requirements of a safe, beginning-level practitioner are familiar to experienced midwives. It is common for students to achieve learning outcomes in the classroom (actual or virtual) but struggle in the clinical setting. Other students may struggle academically but perform smoothly and comfortably when they apply knowledge and skills in the clinical setting. The cognitive and psychomotor domains of learning are represented by a student's application of knowledge and performance of skills...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875832/remediating-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-via-cognitive-training-a-perspective-on-neurocognitive-aging
#12
David E Vance, Shameka L Cody, Linda Moneyham
Over 50% of adults with HIV exhibit some form of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder, ranging from mild asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment to HIV-associated dementia. As adults age with HIV and become susceptible to cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities, the prevalence and severity of such neurocognitive disorders are likely to increase. With compromised renal and hepatic functioning often accompanying HIV, pharmaceutical interventions to address such neurocognitive disorders may not be the best strategy and are not without risks...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873539/can-an-external-device-create-and-trigger-intention-in-a-patient-with-a-severe-brain-injury
#13
Victorine Zermatten, Lucien Rochat, Rumen Manolov, Martial Van der Linden
Goal-directed behaviour (GDB), the capacity that allows us to control our environment according to our desires and needs, requires different stages from initial intention to goal achievement. Although GDB is frequently disrupted after acquired brain injury, few studies have addressed the remediation of reduced GDB in patients with severe brain injury. The present study aimed to raise this question in RZ, a patient with severe brain injury who presented a serious reduction in GDB related to difficulties in creating an intention from internal determinants and in selecting an action plan, as well as to memory and attentional impairments...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873453/does-improvement-of-cognitive-functioning-by-cognitive-remediation-therapy-effect-work-outcomes-in-severe-mental-illness-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Emi Ikebuchi, Sayaka Sato, Sosei Yamaguchi, Michiyo Shimodaira, Ayano Taneda, Norifumi Hatsuse, Yukako Watanabe, Masuhiro Sakata, Naoko Satake, Masaaki Nishio, Jun-Ichiro Ito
AIM: The aim of this study is to clarify whether improvement of cognitive functioning by cognitive remediation therapy can improve work outcome in schizophrenia and other severe mental illness when combined with supported employment. METHODS: The Subjects of this study were persons with severe mental illness diagnosed with schizophrenia, major depression, or bipolar disorder (ICD-10) and cognitive dysfunction who participated in both cognitive remediation using the Thinking Skills for Work program and supported employment program in a multisite, randomized controlled study...
November 21, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868083/combining-social-cognitive-treatment-cognitive-remediation-and-functional-skills-training-in-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Javier Peña, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao, Pedro Sánchez, Maria B Iriarte, Edorta Elizagarate, Maria A Garay, Miguel Gutiérrez, Aránzazu Iribarren, Natalia Ojeda
This study examined the efficacy of an integrative cognitive remediation program (REHACOP) in improving cognition and functional outcome in patients with schizophrenia. The program combines cognitive remediation, social cognitive intervention, and functional skills training. Few studies have attempted this approach. One hundred and eleven patients diagnosed with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either the cognitive remediation group (REHACOP) or an active control group (occupational activities) for 4 months (three sessions per week, 90 min)...
2016: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863314/cognitive-remediation-for-adults-with-schizophrenia-does-age-matter
#16
Silvia Corbera, Bruce E Wexler, Ania Poltorak, Warren R Thime, Matthew M Kurtz
Cognitive remediation (CR), a novel behavioral intervention designed to improve cognitive deficits through repeated task practice and/or strategy acquisition has gained increasing empirical support in people with schizophrenia, but substantial individual differences in treatment response remain (Wykes et al., 2011). The role of age on response to CR in schizophrenia remains understudied. We evaluated the role of three age ranges in treatment response to CR relative to a closely-matched computer skills control intervention in a blinded, randomized control trial (RCT) with 112 adults with schizophrenia divided into three groups: an early-stage group (ES; 25 years or younger, mean=3...
November 11, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852968/-treatment-of-metacognitive-impairments-in-schizophrenia-the-metacognitive-training
#17
Zita Fekete, Edit Vass, Alexander Kancsev, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
In the recent years plenty of therapeutic treatment methods have been developed, aimed at neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia. These trainingprograms can hold up promising results in the improvement of neurocognitive functions. Nevertheless the generalisation on the daily life is not perspicuous. A reason for it might be the supposition, that further factors such as metacognition and social cognition may play a mediator role between neurocognition and functional outcomes. As a result, many socialcognitive remediation methods and programs have emerged targeting the impairment of deficits both in the field of neuro- and social cognition and deficits of metacognition...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852785/dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-gaba-concentration-in-humans-predicts-working-memory-load-processing-capacity
#18
Jong H Yoon, Anthony Grandelis, Richard J Maddock
: The discovery of neural mechanisms of working memory (WM) would significantly enhance our understanding of complex human behaviors and guide treatment development for WM-related impairments found in neuropsychiatric conditions and aging. Although the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has long been considered critical for WM, we still know little about the neural elements and pathways within the DLPFC that support WM in humans. In this study, we tested whether an individual's DLPFC gamma-aminobutryic acid (GABA) content predicts individual differences in WM task performance using a novel behavioral approach...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832747/cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-as-a-treatment-enhancer-of-eating-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Boris van Passel, Unna Danner, Alexandra Dingemans, Eric van Furth, Lot Sternheim, Annemarie van Elburg, Agnes van Minnen, Marcel van den Hout, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Daniëlle Cath
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are among the most incapacitating and costly of mental disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), medication, and combination regimens, to which in AN personalised guidance on weight control is added, are moderately successful, leaving room for more effective treatment algorithms. An underlying deficit which the two disorders share is cognitive inflexibility, a trait that is likely to impede treatment engagement and reduce patients' ability to benefit from treatment...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813452/cognitive-remediation-to-enhance-mobility-in-older-adults-the-crem-study
#20
Joe Verghese, Emmeline Ayers, Jeannette R Mahoney, Anne Ambrose, Cuiling Wang, Roee Holtzer
Mobility disabilities represent the most prevalent disability among seniors. Emerging evidence indicates that executive functions play an important role in maintaining mobility. However, the use of cognitive remediation programs to enhance mobility has not been investigated in a full-scale randomized control trial. The CREM study is a single-blind randomized control trial to examine the effect of computerized cognitive remediation versus computer-based health education training on mobility in 420 seniors. The primary outcome is change in gait speed during normal walking and walking-while-talking conditions from baseline to postintervention...
December 2016: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
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