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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330908/the-effect-of-dairy-intake-on-bone-mass-and-body-composition-in-early-pubertal-girls-and-boys-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kara A Vogel, Berdine R Martin, Linda D McCabe, Munro Peacock, Stuart J Warden, George P McCabe, Connie M Weaver
Background: Calcium retention increases with increasing body mass index (BMI) on recommended calcium intakes. Dairy foods are an excellent source of essential nutrients that are needed to increase bone mineral content (BMC) and potentially decrease fracture.Objective: We compared children who were overweight with children who were healthy weight for the accrual of bone mass in response to an extra 3 servings dairy/d compared with usual intake.Design: Participants were 240 healthy boys and girls (64%), aged 8-15...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327433/sonographic-prediction-of-outcome-of-vacuum-deliveries-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Birgitte H Kahrs, Sana Usman, Tullio Ghi, Aly Youssef, Erik A Torkildsen, Elsa Lindtjørn, Tilde B Østborg, Sigurlaug Benediktsdottir, Lis Brooks, Lotte Harmsen, Pål R Romundstad, Kjell Å Salvesen, Christoph C Lees, Torbjørn M Eggebø
BACKGROUND: Safe management of the second stage of labor is of great importance. Unnecessary interventions should be avoided and correct timing of interventions focused. Ultrasound assessment of fetal position and station has a potential to improve the precision in diagnosing and managing prolonged or arrested labors. The decision to perform vacuum delivery is traditionally based on subjective assessment by digital vaginal examination and clinical expertise and there is currently no method of objectively quantifying the likelihood of successful delivery...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327181/soluble-oligomeric-amyloid-%C3%AE-induces-calcium-dyshomeostasis-that-precedes-synapse-loss-in-the-living-mouse-brain
#3
Michal Arbel-Ornath, Eloise Hudry, Josiah R Boivin, Tadafumi Hashimoto, Shuko Takeda, Kishore V Kuchibhotla, Steven Hou, Carli R Lattarulo, Arianna M Belcher, Naomi Shakerdge, Pariss B Trujillo, Alona Muzikansky, Rebecca A Betensky, Bradley T Hyman, Brian J Bacskai
BACKGROUND: Amyloid-β oligomers (oAβ) are thought to mediate neurotoxicity in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and previous studies in AD transgenic mice suggest that calcium dysregulation may contribute to these pathological effects. Even though AD mouse models remain a valuable resource to investigate amyloid neurotoxicity, the concomitant presence of soluble Aβ species, fibrillar Aβ, and fragments of amyloid precursor protein (APP) complicate the interpretation of the phenotypes. METHOD: To explore the specific contribution of soluble oligomeric Aβ (oAβ) to calcium dyshomeostasis and synaptic morphological changes, we acutely exposed the healthy mouse brain, at 3 to 6 months of age, to naturally occurring soluble oligomers and investigated their effect on calcium levels using in vivo multiphoton imaging...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327171/the-association-of-time-and-medications-with-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-in-the-2%C3%A2-years-after-critical-illness
#4
Neil R Orford, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo, Julie A Pasco, Claire Cattigan, Tania Elderkin, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, David J Cooper, Mark A Kotowicz
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with increased risk of fragility fracture and loss of bone mineral density (BMD), although the impact of medication exposures (bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids) and time remain unexplored. The objective of this study was to describe the association of time after ICU admission, and post-ICU administration of bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids after critical illness, with change in BMD. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, conducted in a tertiary hospital ICU, we studied adult patients requiring mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours and measured BMD annually for 2 years after ICU discharge...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326351/effects-of-low-dose-ibuprofen-supplementation-and-resistance-training-on-bone-and-muscle-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Whitney R D Duff, Saija A Kontulainen, Darren G Candow, Julianne J Gordon, Riley S Mason, Regina Taylor-Gjevre, Bindu Nair, Michael Szafron, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Gordon A Zello, Philip D Chilibeck
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of nine months of exercise training and ibuprofen supplementation (given immeditately after exercise sessions) on bone and muscle in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized trial, participants (females: n = 90, mean age 64.8, SD 4.3 years) were assigned (computer generated, double blind) to receive supervised resistance training or stretching 3 days/week, and ibuprofen (400 mg, post-exercise) or placebo (i...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319997/intradiscal-glucocorticoid-injection-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-associated-with-active-discopathy-a-randomized-trial
#6
Christelle Nguyen, Isabelle Boutron, Gabriel Baron, Katherine Sanchez, Clémence Palazzo, Raphaël Benchimol, Guillaume Paris, Étienne James-Belin, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Johann Beaudreuil, Jean-Denis Laredo, Anne Béra-Louville, Anne Cotten, Jean-Luc Drapé, Antoine Feydy, Philippe Ravaud, François Rannou, Serge Poiraudeau
Background: Active discopathy is associated with a specific phenotype of chronic low back pain (LBP). Local inflammation has a role in active discopathy-associated symptoms. Objective: To assess the efficacy of a single glucocorticoid intradiscal injection (GC IDI) in patients with chronic LBP with active discopathy. Design: Prospective, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized, controlled study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00804531). Setting: 3 tertiary care centers in France...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315016/biomechanics-of-the-osteoporotic-spine-pain-and-principles-of-training
#7
Guido Schröder, Andreas Knauerhase, Holger S Willenberg, Guenther Kundt, Detlef Wendig, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: A fracture is a clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and is one of the main causes of functional limitations and chronic pain in patients with osteoporosis. Muscle and coordination training are recommended to the patients as general measures. We inquired whether sling training is better than traditional physiotherapy in relieving pain and improving abilities of daily living. METHODS: Fifty patients with osteoporosis were divided into two groups. Group A performed conventional physiotherapy, while Group B performed sling training exercises...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314703/factors-and-concerns-of-patients-that-influence-the-decision-for-spinal-surgery-and-implications-for-practice-a-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
William Wing-Kuen Lam, Alice Yuen Loke
STUDY DESIGN: A literature review. OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors and concerns that influence the decision of patients to undergo spinal surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL plus, and Embase were searched for relevant studies published from 2000 to 2015. The keywords for the search included: spine surgery OR spinal stenosis AND decision making OR consideration OR preference OR willingness OR concern. Seven quantitative studies met the criteria for inclusion and were included in this review...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314417/an-algorithmic-approach-to-triaging-facial-trauma-on-the-sidelines
#9
REVIEW
Kristi Colbenson
On-the-field evaluation of facial trauma requires a focused initial assessment of the patient's airway and breathing with a knowledge of the critical associated injuries. The initial triage in facial trauma involves assessing and protecting the athlete's airway, breathing, and cervical spine. The algorithm then requires a repeat evaluation for subtle causes of airway obstruction and aspiration risks. Final steps include control of hemorrhage, recognition of neurologic and ophthalmologic disability, and complete exposure of the athlete to examine for other associated injury...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301362/analysis-of-surfing-injuries-presenting-in-the-acute-trauma-setting
#10
Kevin T Jubbal, Charlie Chen, Todd Costantini, Fernando Herrera, Marek Dobke, Ahmed Suliman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Surfing is a rapidly growing major worldwide sport; however, little is understood regarding severe injuries and resulting hospital admissions. This study explores surfing-related injuries in the major surfing hub of San Diego presenting in the acute trauma setting. The purpose of this study is to address the void of information regarding severe surfing injuries in the trauma setting, including injury patterns, associated hospitalization course, and risk factors...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299213/cervical-spinal-cord-compression-a-rare-presentation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Puvanalingam Ayyadurai, Kanthi Rekha Badipatla, Chukwunonso Chime, Shiva Arjun, Pavithra Reddy, Masooma Niazi, Suresh Kumar Nayudu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of liver. Distant metastasis to various organs is well known. Skeletal metastasis is also reported to various locations. Vertebral metastasis has been reported mostly to thoracic spine. However, cervical spinal cord involvement leading to cord compression has been reported very rarely in literature. We present a case of 58-year-old male with liver cirrhosis presenting as neck pain. Further work-up revealed metastatic HCC to cervical spinal cord resulting in acute cord compression...
2017: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291142/lower-extremity-avulsion-fractures-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete
#12
Jonathan Schiller, Steven DeFroda, Travis Blood
Lower extremity avulsion fractures are uncommon in the pediatric population and can be misdiagnosed without proper imaging and/or clinical suspicion for these injuries. The most common locations of avulsion injuries are the ischial tuberosity, anterior superior iliac spine, and anterior inferior iliac spine. Less often, avulsion fractures occur in the tibial tubercle, calcaneus, and greater and lesser trochanters. When treated properly with rest and altered weight bearing, most of these injuries heal without complication...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286279/management-of-esophageal-and-pharyngeal-perforation-as-complications-of-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#13
Moo Sung Kang, Kyung Hyun Kim, Jeong Yoon Park, Sung Uk Kuh, Dong Kyu Chin, Byung Ho Jin, Keun Su Kim, Yong Eun Cho
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience in treating esophageal and pharyngeal perforation after anterior cervical spine surgery. METHODS: Six patients with esophageal injury and one patient with pharyngeal injury after anterior cervical spinal surgery, managed at our department between 2000 and 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, seven patients (six male and one female; mean age, 45 years) presented with esophageal perforation...
March 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286241/prognostic-indicators-for-decrease-in-tinnitus-severity-after-cervical-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-somatic-tinnitus
#14
S Michiels, P Van de Heyning, S Truijen, A Hallemans, W De Hertogh
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus can be related to many different aetiologies such as hearing loss or a noise trauma, but it can also be related to the somatosensory system of the cervical spine, called cervicogenic somatic tinnitus(CST). Recently, a positive effect of multi-modal cervical physical therapy on tinnitus severity in patients with CST was demonstrated. To date however, the outcome of the intervention cannot be predicted. OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic indicators for decrease in tinnitus severity after cervical physical therapy in patients with CST...
March 6, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282792/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-exercise-on-forward-head-posture
#15
Hsu-Sheng Shih, Shu-Shi Chen, Su-Chun Cheng, Hsun-Wen Chang, Pei-Rong Wu, Jin-Shiou Yang, Yi-Shuang Lee, Jui-Yi Tsou
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of Kinesio taping and therapeutic exercise on correcting forward head posture. OBJECTIVE: To compare Kinesio taping versus therapeutic exercise for forward head posture on static posture, dynamic mobility and functional outcomes. METHODS: Sixty subjects (31 women, 29 men) with forward head postures participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either one of the three groups: (1) exercise group (n = 20), (2) taping group (n = 20), and (3) control groups (n = 20)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282479/musculoskeletal-injury-profile-of-circus-artists-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
H Eg Wolfenden, M Angioi
BACKGROUND: The circus arts involve a high degree of acrobatic, athletic, and aesthetic ability with extreme physical demands placed on performers. An understanding of the injury profile is required to guide prevention. AIM: To provide the first systematic review to enhance understanding of circus-related injuries and to provide a foundation for future preventative intervention. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched from conception to March 2016 using key search terms relating to circus artists and injury...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276638/intravenous-zoledronic-acid-5%C3%A2-mg-on-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-in-east-china-subjects-with-newly-diagnosed-osteoporosis-a-24-month-clinical-study
#17
Bo-Cheng Liang, Zhen-Yu Shi, Bo Wang, Peng Wu, Ling-Cheng Kong, Jian-Liang Yao, Chun-Wen Li, Xiao-Lin Shi
OBJECTIVE: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the necessity of early intervention, safety and efficacy of intravenous zoledronic acid 5 mg/year in East China women with newly diagnosed osteoporosis at high risk of fracture during a 24-month treatment period. METHODS: Subjects (57 [52-62] years old) were randomized 3:2 to zoledronic acid versus placebo (randomized at baseline, zoledronic acid [175 cases], placebo-zoledronic acid [110 cases])...
March 9, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276598/clinical-utility-of-using-lumbar-spine-trabecular-bone-score-to-adjust-fracture-probability-the-manitoba-bmd-cohort
#18
P Martineau, W D Leslie, H Johansson, A Oden, E V McCloskey, D Hans, J A Kanis
Decreased lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS), a DXA-derived image texture measurement, is a risk factor for major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) independent of ten-year fracture probability estimated using FRAX(R) . We determined how often applying the TBS adjustment to fracture probability altered treatment qualification. Using a population-based registry containing all clinical DXA results for Manitoba, Canada, we identified 34,316 women with baseline spine and hip DXA, FRAX-based fracture probability measurements (computed with femoral neck bone mineral density), lumbar spine TBS, and minimum 5 years of observation (mean 8...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275838/economic-evaluation-of-a-population-based-osteoporosis-intervention-for-outpatients-with-non-traumatic-non-hip-fractures-the-catch-a-break-1i-type-c-fls
#19
S R Majumdar, D A Lier, D A Hanley, A G Juby, L A Beaupre
Fracture liaison services (FLS) are advocated to improve osteoporosis treatment after fragility fracture, but there are few economic analyses of different models. A population-based 1i [=type C] FLS for non-hip fractures was implemented and it costs $44 per patient and it was very cost-effective ($9200 per QALY gained). Small operational changes would convert it from cost-effective to cost-saving. INTRODUCTION: After fragility fracture, <20% of patients receive osteoporosis treatment...
March 9, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273743/periradicular-infiltration-of-the-lumbar-spine-testing-the-robustness-of-an-interventional-ultra-low-dose-protocol-at-different-body-mass-index-levels
#20
Fabian Henry Jürgen Elsholtz, Lars-Arne Schaafs, Thorsten Köhlitz, Bernd Hamm, Stefan Markus Niehues
Background Computed tomography (CT)-guided periradicular infiltration remains a frequent interventional procedure for treatment of low back pain. Purpose To present an interventional ultra-low-dose protocol for CT-guided periradicular infiltration therapy and assess its application at different body mass index (BMI) levels. Material and Methods Over a period of 14 months, 79 patients underwent 183 CT-guided interventions for single-site lumbar periradicular therapy using an ultra-low-dose protocol with a basic setup of 100 kV and 5 mAs...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
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