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Congenital cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761681/milestones-in-the-development-of-fetal-cardiac-interventions
#1
REVIEW
Edward G Abinader
Cardiac patients of all ages were managed in the past by internists who specialized in cardiology. During the past 50 years, the medical field has witnessed great strides in the management of congenital heart disease, and thus pediatric cardiology has become a subspecialty in many countries. This review article focuses on the advances in fetal cardiac interventions (FCI) since its inception by our group in 1975. Three major modes of FCI have evolved during the past 42 years: pharmacologic, closed FCI, and open FCI...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754203/prospective-analysis-of-decision-making-during-joint-cardiology-cardiothoracic-conference-in-treatment-of-107-consecutive-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Sophie Duignan, Aedin Ryan, Dara O'Keeffe, Damien Kenny, Colin J McMahon
The complexity and potential biases involved in decision making have long been recognised and examined in both the aviation and business industries. More recently, the medical community have started to explore this concept and its particular importance in our field. Paediatric cardiology is a rapidly expanding field and for many of the conditions we treat, there is limited evidence available to support our decision-making. Variability exists within decision-making in paediatric cardiology and this may influence outcomes...
May 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717418/transition-from-tube-feeding-to-oral-feeding-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-paediatric-cardiology-unit
#3
Anne Marie Shine, Daragh Gerard Finn, Noeleen Allen, Colin J McMahon
BACKGROUND: Home enteral tube feeding (HETF) is imperative for many infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Tube weaning (TW) facilitates the progression from tube feeding to oral diet. There is limited literature on TW practices, protocols and success for children with CHD that have been tube fed. AIMS: The objective of this study is to assess the process of weaning HETF in a tertiary referral centre for paediatric CHD. Specifically, we aimed to assess the duration of HETF, duration of TW and the interventions involved...
May 2, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716732/different-nuss-procedures-and-risk-management-for-pectus-excavatum-after-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Chenghao Chen, Xiaofeng Li, Na Zhang, Jie Yu, Dong Yan, Changqi Xu, Qi Zeng, Zhongzhi Li
PURPOSE: In Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum (PE) after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), retrosternal adhesion may increase the risk of cardiac injury. This study aimed to explore different Nuss procedures and their implications for reducing the incidence of serious complications and improving surgical safety. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 49 cases (29 male and 20 female) of Nuss procedures for PE after surgery for CHD that were performed between April 2003 and December 2016...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706438/-current-situation-of-the-organisation-resources-and-activity-in-paediatric-cardiology-in-spain
#5
Francisco Sánchez Ferrer, Francisco José Castro García, Javier Pérez-Lescure Picarzo, Ferrán Roses Noguer, Fernándo Centeno Malfaz, María Dolores Grima Murcia, Dimpna Albert Brotons
INTRODUCTION: The results are presented on the «current situation of the organisation, resources and activity in paediatric cardiology in Spain». It was promoted by the Spanish Society of Paediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis was carried out on the results obtained from a specifically designed questionnaire, prepared by the Spanish Society of Paediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart disease, that was sent to all hospitals around the country that offer the speciality of paediatric cardiology...
April 26, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694994/predicting-the-future-delivery-room-planning-of-congenital-heart-disease-diagnosed-by-fetal-echocardiography
#6
Mary T Donofrio
Advances in prenatal imaging have improved the examination of the fetal cardiovascular system. Fetal echocardiography facilitates the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and through sequential examination, allows assessment of fetal cardiac hemodynamics, predicting the evolution of anatomical and functional cardiovascular abnormalities in utero and during the transition to a postnatal circulation at delivery. This approach allows detailed diagnosis with prenatal counseling and enables planning to define perinatal management, selecting the fetuses at a risk of postnatal hemodynamic instability who are likely to require a specialized delivery plan...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691131/-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-treated-for-congentital-heart-disease
#7
Francesca Perin, Carmen Carreras Blesa, Maria Del Mar Rodríguez Vázquez Del Rey, Inmaculada Cobo, José Maldonado
INTRODUCTION: The negative impact of overweight and obesity is potentially greater in children affected by a congenital heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study is to calculate the proportion of overweight and obesity in children who underwent an intervention for CHD, and to investigate systolic arterial hypertension as a possible early cardiovascular complication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients aged 6 to 17 years treated for CHD, and healthy control subjects, followed-up in a Paediatric Cardiology Clinic...
April 21, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685887/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-infants-and-children-with-cardiac-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#8
REVIEW
Bradley S Marino, Sarah Tabbutt, Graeme MacLaren, Mary Fran Hazinski, Ian Adatia, Dianne L Atkins, Paul A Checchia, Allan DeCaen, Ericka L Fink, George M Hoffman, John L Jefferies, Monica Kleinman, Catherine D Krawczeski, Daniel J Licht, Duncan Macrae, Chitra Ravishankar, Ricardo A Samson, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Rune Toms, James Tweddell, Peter C Laussen
Cardiac arrest occurs at a higher rate in children with heart disease than in healthy children. Pediatric basic life support and advanced life support guidelines focus on delivering high-quality resuscitation in children with normal hearts. The complexity and variability in pediatric heart disease pose unique challenges during resuscitation. A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association reviewed the literature addressing resuscitation in children with heart disease. MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases were searched from 1966 to 2015, cross-referencing pediatric heart disease with pertinent resuscitation search terms...
April 23, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673467/transition-intervention-for-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Andrew S Mackie, Gwen R Rempel, Adrienne H Kovacs, Miriam Kaufman, Kathryn N Rankin, Ahlexxi Jelen, Maryna Yaskina, Renee Sananes, Erwin Oechslin, Dimi Dragieva, Sonila Mustafa, Elina Williams, Michelle Schuh, Cedric Manlhiot, Samantha J Anthony, Joyce Magill-Evans, David Nicholas, Brian W McCrindle
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence regarding the efficacy of interventions to prepare adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) to enter adult care. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nurse-led transition intervention on lapses between pediatric and adult care. METHODS: A cluster randomized clinical trial was conducted of a nurse-led transition intervention for 16- to 17-year-olds with moderate or complex CHD versus usual care...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671282/interventional-cardiology-for-congenital-heart-disease
#10
REVIEW
Damien Kenny
Congenital heart interventions are now replacing surgical palliation and correction in an evolving number of congenital heart defects. Right ventricular outflow tract and ductus arteriosus stenting have demonstrated favorable outcomes compared to surgical systemic to pulmonary artery shunting, and it is likely surgical pulmonary valve replacement will become an uncommon procedure within the next decade, mirroring current practices in the treatment of atrial septal defects. Challenges remain, including the lack of device design focused on smaller infants and the inevitable consequences of somatic growth...
March 29, 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660751/-exposure-therapy-with-the-help-of-a-wearable-defibrillator-device-used-in-the-treatment-of-severe-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-congenital-lqts-an-example-for-interdisciplinary-treatment
#11
Fabian Sinowatz, Clemens Jilek, Ulrich Voderholzer, Ulrich Cuntz, Martin Greetfeld, Petra Hopfner, Jürgen Pache
We report on a case of a young female suffering from both obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a severe underlying cardiac disease. Due to the somatic comorbidity, treatment according to guidelines with exposure and reaction prevention was not initially conducted, due to potentially fatal risks to the patient. However, through collaboration with a cardiology clinic, we were able to find an innovative solution which allowed for the continuation of the exposure therapy. This case report demonstrates a successful interdisciplinary collaboration and is intended to sensitize the reader to the need for checking for somatic contraindications before conducting exposure therapy...
April 16, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650544/evaluation-and-management-of-right-sided-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#12
REVIEW
Marvin A Konstam, Michael S Kiernan, Daniel Bernstein, Biykem Bozkurt, Miriam Jacob, Navin K Kapur, Robb D Kociol, Eldrin F Lewis, Mandeep R Mehra, Francis D Pagani, Amish N Raval, Carey Ward
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diverse causes of right-sided heart failure (RHF) include, among others, primary cardiomyopathies with right ventricular (RV) involvement, RV ischemia and infarction, volume loading caused by cardiac lesions associated with congenital heart disease and valvular pathologies, and pressure loading resulting from pulmonic stenosis or pulmonary hypertension from a variety of causes, including left-sided heart disease. Progressive RV dysfunction in these disease states is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579186/arrhythmias-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-position-paper-of-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-association-for-european-paediatric-and-congenital-cardiology-aepc-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-working-group-on-grown-up-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Antonio Hernández-Madrid, Thomas Paul, Dominic Abrams, Peter F Aziz, Nico A Blom, Jian Chen, Massimo Chessa, Nicolas Combes, Nikolaos Dagres, Gerhard Diller, Sabine Ernst, Alessandro Giamberti, Joachim Hebe, Jan Janousek, Thomas Kriebel, Jose Moltedo, Javier Moreno, Rafael Peinado, Laurent Pison, Eric Rosenthal, Jonathan R Skinner, Katja Zeppenfeld
The population of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is continuously increasing with more and more patients reaching adulthood. A significant portion of these young adults will suffer from arrhythmias due to the underlying congenital heart defect itself or as a sequela of interventional or surgical treatment. The medical community will encounter an increasing challenge as even most of the individuals with complex congenital heart defects nowadays become young adults. Within the past 20 years, management of patients with arrhythmias has gained remarkable progress including pharmacological treatment, catheter ablation, and device therapy...
March 20, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579059/cardiac-findings-in-infants-with-in-utero-exposure-to-zika-virus-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Dulce H G Orofino, Sonia R L Passos, Raquel V C de Oliveira, Carla Verona B Farias, Maria de Fatima M P Leite, Sheila M Pone, Marcos V da S Pone, Helena A R Teixeira Mendes, Maria Elizabeth L Moreira, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Antenatal exposure to Zika virus (ZIKV) is related to severe neurological manifestations. A previous study in Brazil reported an increased incidence of non-severe congenital heart defects in infants with diagnosis of congenital Zika syndrome but without laboratory confirmation of ZIKV infection in the mother or infant. The objective of this study is to report echocardiographic (ECHO) findings in infants with laboratory confirmed antenatal exposure to ZIKV. METHODOLOGY: Cross sectional study of cardiologic assessments of infants born between November 2015 and January 2017 with confirmed vertical exposure to ZIKV in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574895/-not-such-a-kid-thing-anymore-young-adults-perspectives-on-transfer-from-paediatric-to-adult-cardiology-care
#15
G Catena, G R Rempel, A H Kovacs, K N Rankin, I V Muhll, A S Mackie
BACKGROUND: Transfer of adolescents with congenital heart disease from paediatric cardiology providers to specialized adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) care providers is becoming a standard practice. However, some paediatric cardiologists continue to provide care for their patients into adult life. Little is known about the perspectives of young adult patients who have been transferred to ACHD clinics versus those who continue to receive their cardiology care in paediatric settings...
March 25, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566798/what-is-the-impact-of-practice-variation-in-congenital-interventional-cardiology
#16
EDITORIAL
Thomas K Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544420/select-abstracts-from-cardiology-2018-21st-update-on-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiovascular-disease-scottsdale-arizona-usa-february-21-25-2018-organized-by-children-s-hospital-of-philadelphia
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510997/endocarditis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-a-norwegian-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#18
Jarle Jortveit, Jakob Klcovansky, Leif Eskedal, Sigurd Birkeland, Gaute Døhlen, Henrik Holmstrøm
OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defects worldwide and are an important cause of morbidity and early death. A significant number of deaths occur among patients with infections. CHDs predispose to the development of infective endocarditis (IE) and represent a risk factor for increased mortality due to IE. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and outcomes of IE in children and adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Data on all children with CHD and IE born in Norway between 1994 and 2016 were retrieved from the Oslo University Hospital's Clinical Registry for Congenital Heart Defects...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489741/clinical-recommendations-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-part-ii-inflammatory-and-congenital-heart-disease-cardiomyopathies-and-cardiac-tumors-a-position-paper-of-the-working-group-applicazioni-della-risonanza-magnetica-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiology-erratum
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484044/interarterial-course-of-anomalous-right-coronary-artery-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
George Renchao Wu, Aman Saini, Imtiaz Ahmed, Charles Finch
Anomalous coronary artery from the opposite sinus is a rare congenital anomaly that can present with symptoms similar to coronary artery disease, and sudden cardiac death. Management of anomalous coronary artery from the opposite sinus varies; however, current guidelines suggest surgery in symptomatic patients. Our patient is a middle-aged male with a history of coronary artery disease and status post coronary artery bypass graft. He presented with complaints of vague chest pain. After a positive stress test, he was sent to the catheterization suite...
December 2017: Radiology case reports
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