keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Structural intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427000/psychological-maltreatment-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-problems-a-brief-and-effective-measure-of-psychological-maltreatment-in-adolescents
#1
Gökmen Arslan
Psychological maltreatment is an important social and public health problem and associated with a wide range of short and long-term outcomes in childhood to adulthood. Given the importance of investigating mitigating factors on its effect, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the mediating effect of active and avoidant coping strategies on the association between psychological maltreatment and mental health- internalizing and externalizing- problems in adolescents. Participants of the study consisted of 783 adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M=15...
April 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426357/a-qualitative-assessment-of-alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-peru
#2
Panagiotis Vagenas, Shan-Estelle Brown, Jesse L Clark, Kelika A Konda, Javier R Lama, Jorge Sánchez, Ann C Duerr, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Peruvian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) experience the double burden of a highly concentrated HIV epidemic with a high prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Recent research has associated both with risky sexual behaviors, including unprotected sex, having multiple sexual partners, engaging in sex work, having recent sexually transmitted infections, and having HIV-infected partners. AUDs have also been associated in MSM/TGW with being unaware of HIV+ status...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426316/mechanisms-linking-hiv-related-stigma-adherence-to-treatment-and-health-outcomes-a-conceptual-framework
#3
Bulent Turan, Abigail M Hatcher, Sheri D Weiser, Mallory O Johnson, Whitney S Rice, Janet M Turan
We present a conceptual framework that highlights how unique dimensions of individual-level HIV-related stigma (perceived community stigma, experienced stigma, internalized stigma, and anticipated stigma) might differently affect the health of those living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to both HIV prevention and engagement in HIV care, but little is known about the mechanisms through which stigma leads to worse health behaviors or outcomes. Our conceptual framework posits that, in the context of intersectional and structural stigmas, individual-level dimensions of HIV-related stigma operate through interpersonal factors, mental health, psychological resources, and biological stress pathways...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426301/small-group-randomized-controlled-trial-to-increase-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-hispanic-latino-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Scott D Rhodes, Jorge Alonzo, Lilli Mann, Eunyoung Y Song, Amanda E Tanner, Jorge Elias Arellano, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Celedon, Manuel Garcia, Arin Freeman, Beth A Reboussin, Thomas M Painter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the HOLA en Grupos intervention, a Spanish-language small-group behavioral HIV prevention intervention designed to increase condom use and HIV testing among Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. METHODS: In 2012 to 2015, we recruited and randomized 304 Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men, aged 18 to 55 years in North Carolina, to the 4-session HOLA en Grupos intervention or an attention-equivalent general health education comparison intervention...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426185/integrated-hiv-care-and-service-engagement-among-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-drugs-in-a-setting-with-a-community-wide-treatment-as-prevention-initiative-a-qualitative-study-in-vancouver-canada
#5
Alexandra B Collins, Surita Parashar, Robert S Hogg, Saranee Fernando, Catherine Worthington, Patrick McDougall, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Ryan McNeil
INTRODUCTION: Social-structural inequities impede access to, and retention in, HIV care among structurally vulnerable people living with HIV (PLHIV) who use drugs. The resulting disparities in HIV-related outcomes among PLHIV who use drugs pose barriers to the optimization of HIV treatment as prevention (TasP) initiatives. We undertook this study to examine engagement with, and impacts of, an integrated HIV care services model tailored to the needs of PLHIV who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada - a setting with a community-wide TasP initiative...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425449/the-impact-of-treatments-for-depression-on-the-dynamic-network-structure-of-mental-states-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Evelien Snippe, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Nicole Geschwind, Annelie Klippel, Peter de Jonge, Marieke Wichers
Evidence is growing that vulnerability to depression may be characterized by strong negative feedback loops between mental states. It is unknown whether such dynamics between mental states can be altered by treatment. This study examined whether treatment with imipramine or treatment with Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) reduces the connectivity within dynamic networks of mental states in individuals with depressive symptoms. In the Imipramine trial, individuals diagnosed with major depression were randomized to imipramine treatment or placebo-pill treatment (n = 50)...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#8
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425003/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-daily-spiritual-experiences-scale-dses-in-pregnant-women-a-proper-tool-to-assess-spirituality-related-to-mental-health
#9
Mohsen Saffari, Hossein Amini, Zarindokht Sheykh-Oliya, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Assessing spirituality in healthy pregnant women may lead to supportive interventions that will improve their care. A psychometrically valid measure such as the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) may be helpful in this regard. The current study sought to adapt a Persian version of DSES for use in pregnancy. A total of 377 pregnant women were recruited from three general hospitals located in Tehran, Iran. Administered scales were the DSES, Duke University Religion Index, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, as well as demographic measures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424898/patient-experiences-of-swallowing-exercises-after-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study-examining-barriers-and-facilitators-using-behaviour-change-theory
#10
Roganie Govender, Caroline E Wood, Stuart A Taylor, Christina H Smith, Helen Barratt, Benjamin Gardner
Poor patient adherence to swallowing exercises is commonly reported in the dysphagia literature on patients treated for head and neck cancer. Establishing the effectiveness of exercise interventions for this population may be undermined by patient non-adherence. The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to exercise adherence from a patient perspective, and to determine the best strategies to reduce the barriers and enhance the facilitators. In-depth interviews were conducted on thirteen patients...
April 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424652/quantitative-electroencephalographic-biomarkers-in-preclinical-and-human-studies-of-huntington-s-disease-are-they-fit-for-purpose-for-treatment-development
#11
REVIEW
Michael K Leuchter, Elissa J Donzis, Carlos Cepeda, Aimee M Hunter, Ana María Estrada-Sánchez, Ian A Cook, Michael S Levine, Andrew F Leuchter
A major focus in development of novel therapies for Huntington's disease (HD) is identification of treatments that reduce the burden of mutant huntingtin (mHTT) protein in the brain. In order to identify and test the efficacy of such therapies, it is essential to have biomarkers that are sensitive to the effects of mHTT on brain function to determine whether the intervention has been effective at preventing toxicity in target brain systems before onset of clinical symptoms. Ideally, such biomarkers should have a plausible physiologic basis for detecting the effects of mHTT, be measureable both in preclinical models and human studies, be practical to measure serially in clinical trials, and be reliably measurable in HD gene expansion carriers (HDGECs), among other features...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424107/early-maturation-and-substance-use-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-finnish-twins
#12
Jeanne E Savage, Richard J Rose, Lea Pulkkinen, Karri Silventoinen, Tellervo Korhonen, Jaakko Kaprio, Nathan Gillespie, Danielle M Dick
Early maturation, indexed by pubertal development (PD), has been associated with earlier initiation and greater frequency of adolescent substance use, but this relationship may be biased by confounding factors and effects that change across development. Using a population-based Finnish twin sample (N = 3,632 individuals), we conducted twin modeling and multilevel structural equation modeling of the relationship between PD and substance use at ages 12-22. Shared environmental factors contributed to early PD and heavier substance use for females...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424076/caregiver-s-quality-of-life-and-its-positive-impact-on-symptomatology-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Marine Alessandrini, Alfonso Urzúa, Xavier Zendjidjian, Laurent Boyer, David R Williams
BACKGROUND: Although the quality of life (QoL) experienced by patients with schizophrenia has been recognized, few studies have assessed the relationship between the caregivers' QoL and patients' QoL. METHODS: The study included 253 stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia and their caregivers from 3 Mental Health Services in Bolivia (N = 83), Chile (N = 85) and Peru (N = 85). Caregivers' and patients' QoL were respectively assessed using two specific QoL questionnaires (S-CGQoL and S-QoL 18)...
April 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423759/developing-the-safety-case-for-medipi-an-open-source-platform-for-self-management
#14
Andrew Carr, Damian Murphy, Ian Dugdale, Anne Dyson, Ibrahim Habli, Richard Robinson
mHealth and Telehealth technologies are increasingly used to provide personalised, interactive and timely access to health data, thereby helping patients take a more active role in their care process. However, similar to any intervention, the use of these technologies has to be assured to justify that they do not compromise patient safety. In this paper, we discuss the development of a safety case for MediPi; a research prototype for a low-cost open-source digital platform that collects physiological data from patients, at home, and makes it available to decision-support systems used by clinicians...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422878/microsurgical-treatment-of-carotid-ophthalmic-aneurysm-associated-with-multiple-anterior-and-posterior-circulation-aneurysms-a-case-report
#15
Jiantao Wang, Zhisheng Kan, Shuo Wang
BACKGROUND: The clipping of multiple intracranial aneurysms in 1 stage is uncommon. In this case, we report clipping of an ophthalmic aneurysm associated with multiple anterior and posterior circulation aneurysms via the Dolenc approach. METHODS: The main symptoms of the patient are headache, along with nausea and vomiting. The patient's arteriogram revealed a wide-necked aneurysm of the right ophthalmic artery, an irregular aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery, and a basilar artery aneurysm...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#16
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422654/novel-mri-technique-enables-non-invasive-measurement-of-atrial-wall-thickness
#17
Marta Varela, Ross Morgan, Adeline Theron, Desmond Dillon-Murphy, Henry Chubb, John Whitaker, Markus Henningsson, Paul Aljabar, Tobias Schaeffter, Christoph Kolbitsch, Oleg V Aslanidi
Knowledge of atrial wall thickness (AWT) has the potential to provide important information for patient stratification and the planning of interventions in atrial arrhythmias. To date, information about AWT has only been acquired in post-mortem or poor-contrast CT studies, providing limited coverage and highly variable estimates of AWT. We present a novel contrast agent-free MRI sequence for imaging AWT and use it to create personalized AWT maps and a biatrial atlas. A novel black-blood phase-sensitive inversion recovery protocol was used to image 10 volunteers and 2 atrial fibrillation patients, as proof of concept...
April 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422326/alveolar-ridge-dimensional-changes-following-ridge-preservation-procedure-with-novel-devices-part-3-histological-analysis-in-non-human-primate-model
#18
Yingying Su, Jianxia Tang, Seiko Min, Lijia Guo, Yitong Liu, Yilin Xie, Jimin Xiong, Songlin Wang, Mauricio G Araújo, Homayoun H Zadeh, Yi Liu
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the histological changes following tooth extraction, ridge preservation and augmentation, using novel devices designed to obturate the oral orifice of extraction sockets (SocketKAP™) and provide structural support for sockets with defective bony walls (SocketKAGE™) in a non-human primate model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six Macaca fascicularis were imaged by cone beam computed tomography to register their preoperative alveolar bone...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422301/meeting-the-reproductive-health-needs-of-female-key-populations-affected-by-hiv-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Rose Wilcher
Female sex workers and other women at high risk of acquiring HIV have the right to sexual and reproductive health, including the right to determine the number and timing of pregnancies. We conducted a literature review to examine the data that exist regarding the family planning and reproductive health needs of female key populations, the underlying determinants of these populations' vulnerability to poor reproductive health outcomes, and the obstacles they face in accessing high-quality reproductive health services...
April 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421695/evaluation-of-an-interview-skills-training-package-for-adolescents-with-speech-language-and-communication-needs
#20
Rachel Mathrick, Tina Meagher, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We evaluated a structured intervention programme aimed at preparing adolescents with developmental language disorders for job interviews. Our primary outcome measures included change in ratings of verbal and non-verbal social communication behaviours evident during mock interviews. METHODS & PROCEDURES: In study 1, 12 participants, aged 17-19 years, from a specialist sixth-form college completed the intervention and two mock interviews, one pre- and one post-intervention...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
keyword
keyword
27156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"