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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689593/transcatheter-technologies-for-valvular-replacement-an-update
#1
Antonio Nenna, Sanjeet Singh Avtaar Singh, Simone Morganti, Laura Mazzocchi, Ferdinando Auricchio, Massimo Chello, Francesco Nappi
This report provides a brief overview of the basic principles, recent advances, and recommendations for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in adults. Approaches that avoid neurological, cardiac and peripheral vascular complications have been developed. In addition, TAVR can be performed in intermediate- and low-risk patients. However, these procedures require specialized training and may not allow for complete resolution of the underlying issue. Even if cardiologists learn to perform the procedure and despite advancements in device technology, TAVR is still susceptible to structural valve degeneration, thrombosis and late cerebral embolization...
April 23, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689392/endoscopic-visualization-of-an-iatrogenic-valve-mechanism-elucidating-the-pathogenesis-of-postoperative-tumor-bed-cysts
#2
Thomas Beez, Daniel Remmel, Hans-Jakob Steiger
Space-occupying tumor bed cysts have been reported after resection of intracranial tumors, although the exact mechanism of their pathogenesis is unclear. Opening of the ventricular system during the tumor resection appears to be a risk factor. Occlusion of the surgical opening of the ventricle using fibrinogen-coated collagen fleece has been suggested to restore the integrity of the ventricular system. Here we present a clinical image depicting an iatrogenic valve mechanism caused by a fleece intended to seal a surgical opening of the lateral ventricle, leading to development of a space-occupying tumor bed cyst and cerebrospinal fluid fistula...
April 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688455/advanced-image-processing-with-fusion-and-calcification-enhancement-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-impact-on-radiation-exposure
#3
Pavel Overtchouk, Arnaud Sudre, Cédric Delhaye, Francis Juthier, Eric Van Belle, Augustin Coisne, Mohamad Koussa, Darren Mylotte, Thomas Modine
OBJECTIVES: Radiation exposure is a concern for both patients and operators during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Efforts to reduce radiation dose are warranted. We aimed at investigating if per-operative advanced image processing can reduce patient and operator irradiation use during TAVI. METHODS: We performed a prospective single-centre observational study comparing patient and operator radiation exposure using standard fluoroscopy (control group) or a novel technology of live advanced fluoroscopic image processing (test group) among consecutive patients undergoing TAVI between August 2015 and April 2016...
April 23, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688180/patient-selection-echocardiographic-screening-and-treatment-strategies-for-interventional-tricuspid-repair-using-the-edge-to-edge-repair-technique
#4
Jörg Hausleiter, Daniel Braun, Mathias Orban, Azeem Latib, Philipp Lurz, Peter Boekstegers, Ralph Stephan von Bardeleben, Marek Kowalski, Rebecca T Hahn, Francesco Maisano, Christian Hagl, Steffen Massberg, Michael Nabauer
Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has long been neglected despite its well known association with mortality. While surgical mortality rates remain high in isolated tricuspid valve surgery, interventional TR repair is rapidly evolving as an alternative to cardiac surgery in selected patients at high surgical risk. Currently, interventional edge-to-edge repair is the most frequently applied technique for TR repair even though the device has not been developed for this particular indication. Due to the inherent differences in tricuspid and mitral valve anatomy and pathology, percutaneous repair of the tricuspid valve is challenging due to a variety of factors including the complexity and variability of tricuspid valve anatomy, echocardiographic visibility of the valve leaflets, and device steering to the tricuspid valve...
April 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688174/matched-comparison-of-next-and-early-generation-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-heart-valve-implantations-in-failed-surgical-aortic-bioprostheses
#5
Moritz Seiffert, Hendrik Treede, Joachim Schofer, Axel Linke, Jochen Woehrle, Hardy Baumbach, Julinda Mehilli, Vinayak Bapat, Matheus Simonato, Thomas Walther, Mathias Kullmer, Peter Boekstegers, Stephan Ensminger, Thomas Kurz, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Ardawan Rastan, Nicolas Werner, Arend de Weger, Christian Frerker, Bernward Lauer, Olivier Muller, Brian Whisenant, Arun Thukkani, Giora Weisz, Danny Dvir
AIMS: Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation (VinV) is established for the treatment of degenerated surgical bioprostheses in patients at high operative risk. Our aim was to report on the first large assessment of VinV with next generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves. METHODS AND RESULTS: 514 patients after SAPIEN XT or SAPIEN 3 VinV were analyzed using an inverse probability of treatment weighting. Standardized clinical and hemodynamic outcomes were compared and core laboratory evaluation of implantation depth was performed...
April 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687702/new-generation-devices-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Laura Gatto, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Enrico Romagnoli, Giacomo Frati, Francesco Prati, Arturo Giordano
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has overcome the pioneering phase and thanks to accrued clinical evidence has become a mainstay alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients at high risk for post-operative complications. Despite these successes, TAVI remains a junior technology facing momentous developments in techniques and devices. Indeed, several new-generation devices for TAVI have become available in the last few years, including Acurate, Allegra, Evolut, Lotus, JenaValve, Portico, and SAPIEN3...
April 20, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687700/impella-pumps-overview-and-access-site-management
#7
Francesco Burzotta, Giulo Russo, Leonardo Previ, Piergiorgio Bruno, Cristina Aurigemma, Carlo Trani
The Impella left ventricular support system consists of two main components: a family of different ventricular support catheters with a microaxial pump to be placed across the aortic valve and a single external controller (AIC) which is connected to activate and control the pump function. Four Impella left ventricular support catheters are available: Impella 2.5, Impella CP, Impella 5.0 and Impella LD. Impella 2.5 and Impella CP are designed for percutaneous peripheral insertion, have respectively a 12F and 14F maximal diameter at the pump level and are capable of providing up to 2...
April 20, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685924/the-clot-thickens-an-incompletely-ligated-left-atrial-appendage
#8
Merrill Thomas, Anna Grodzinsky, Martin Zink
Our patient presented with known mechanical mitral valve endocarditis documented by 2D transesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) from a recent hospitalization at an outside facility. On admission to our center, there was no prior knowledge of an incompletely ligated left atrial appendage including by patient- or family-reported history, review of outside records, or the outside 2D TOE report. A 3D TOE performed at our center to assess her pathology, since a month had passed from her prior hospitalization, revealed a left atrial appendage (LAA) ligation with evidence of communication to the left atrium and with clot present in the appendage...
April 23, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684164/acute-kidney-injury-after-aortic-valve-replacement-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-in-the-usa
#9
Nilay Kumar, Neetika Garg
Background: Randomized trials have consistently shown lower rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Comparative rates of AKI for TAVR versus SAVR, and predictors and prognostic implications of AKI after aortic valve replacement (AVR) have not been well studied in nationally representative real-world data. Objectives: First, to compare rates of AKI and dialysis requiring AKI in TAVR versus SAVR...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683812/current-trends-in-aortic-root-surgery-the-mini-bentall-approach
#10
Djamila Abjigitova, Georgia Panagopoulos, Oleg Orlov, Vishal Shah, Konstadinos A Plestis
OBJECTIVE: The mini-sternotomy approach is becoming a widespread technique for aortic valve surgery. However, its safety for aortic root replacement has yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to compare the operative outcomes of patients who underwent aortic root replacement via upper mini-sternotomy (mini-Bentall) to patients who underwent Bentall procedure via median sternotomy (full-sternotomy Bentall). METHODS: Between November 1998 and November 2016, 91 consecutive patients underwent full-sternotomy Bentall procedure and 26 patients underwent mini-Bentall procedure...
April 20, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682464/gastric-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-tumor-with-acute-intestinal-obstruction-vanek-s-tumor-can-mimick-a-giant-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-or-a-gastric-lymphoma
#11
Francesco Fleres, Carmelo Mazzeo, Antonio Ieni, Maurizio Rossitto, Eugenio Cucinotta
An inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a solitary rare benign neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract, frequently located in the gastric antrum. IFPs account for about 0.1% of all gastric polyps. We report a case of a giant gastric inflammatory polyp of 2.5 cm × 7 cm that determines a gastric outlet obstruction called "ball valve syndrome" mimicking a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and a gastric lymphoma, with an intestinal obstruction of high origin. Therefore, due to acute presentation we have decided to submit the patient to a subtotal gastrectomy...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682435/assessment-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-function-using-ultrasound-characterization-of-valve-interface-oscillation-as-a-proxy
#12
April Aralar, Matthew Bird, Robert Graham, Beomseo Koo, Parag Chitnis, Siddhartha Sikdar, Mahesh Shenai
Objective Ventricular shunts are a mainstay of hydrocephalus treatment, but the detection of its clinical failure often relies on circumstantial evidence. A direct, non-interventional method for reliably evaluating cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) function does not exist due to the difficulty of measuring in vivo flow characteristics. The objective of this study is to apply a novel method of ultrasound monitoring to characterize the oscillation observed during pulsatile CSF flow and failure states in an in vitro and cadaveric model...
February 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681570/single-femoral-venous-drainage-versus-both-vena-cava-drainage-in-isolated-repeat-tricuspid-valve-surgery
#13
Runsheng Peng, Hui Shi, Jun Ba, Chunsheng Wang
To assess the potential advantages of minimally invasive surgery using a single femoral venous drainage method versus femoral venous and superior vena cava or jugular venous drainage method during repeat tricuspid valve surgery.From January 2010 to December 2016, 50 repeat tricuspid valve procedures were performed using a minimally invasive approach without aortic cross-clamping at our institution. The arterial cannula was inserted into the femoral artery, and at the same time, the venous cannula was placed in the femoral vein in 28 patients (FV group) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
April 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678618/concomitant-surgical-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-is-safe-and-efficacious-in-patients-undergoing-double-valve-replacement-a-cohort-study
#14
Guang Tong, Hao Yu, Xuan Zhou, Ben Zhang, Shenghui Bi, Lin Luo, Tao Yan, Xianyue Wang, Hua Lu, Tao Ma, Xiaowu Wang, Zhongchan Sun, Weida Zhang
BACKGROUND: Current European Society of Cardiology Guidelines recommend concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation for all symptomatic patients undergoing other cardiac surgeries, but the safety and potential benefits of concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation at the time of double valve replacement (DVR: aortic and mitral valve replacement) remains unexamined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 238 patients with AF who underwent DVR with or without concomitant surgical ablation (Ablation group, n=113; Non-ablation group, n=125) at a single institute from April 2006 to September 2011...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678512/galectin-3-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-and-outcome-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair
#15
Christine S Zuern, Niklas Floss, Iris I Mueller, Christian Eick, Martin Duckheim, Johannes Patzelt, Meinrad Gawaz, Andreas E May, Karin A L Mueller
BACKGROUND: Plasma Galectin-3 is a marker of myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, was associated with left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after conventional surgical mitral valve repair (MVR) and predicted clinical events in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to evaluate the association between pre-interventional Galectin-3 levels and (1) reverse LV remodeling and (2) major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients undergoing percutaneous MVR...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678435/prediction-of-patient-length-of-stay-on-the-intensive-care-unit-following-cardiac-surgery-a-logistic-regression-analysis-based-on-the-cardiac-operative-mortality-risk-calculator-euroscore
#16
Katherine Meadows, Richard Gibbens, Caroline Gerrard, Alain Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model based on patient parameters to predict the length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) following cardiac surgery in a single center. DESIGN: Data were collected from patients admitted to the ICU following cardiac surgery over a 10-year period (2006-2016). Both the additive and logistic EuroSCORE were calculated, and logistic regression analysis was carried out to formulate a model relating the predicted LOS to the EuroSCORE...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676482/severe-heart-failure-nyha-class-iv-is-associated-with-increased-left-ventricular-mass-index-and-short-mitral-deceleration-time-in-severe-aortic-valve-stenosis
#17
Sayuki Kobayashi, Hiroto Utsunomiya, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: In aortic valve stenosis (AS), congestive heart failure (CHF) is a well-established symptom that indicates the need for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). However, it is difficult to judge whether CHF symptoms such as dyspnea are caused by severe AS or other conditions, especially in elderly persons with restricted mobility or other organ complications. It is important to identify objective and noninvasive parameters associated with severe CHF symptoms in severe AS...
April 20, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676223/opiate-free-tricuspid-valve-replacement-case-report
#18
Jeffrey P Cardinale, George Gilly
The utility of opioid pain medications for perioperative analgesia is well described. However, opioids have many dangerous side effects including respiratory depression, acute tolerance, hyperalgesia, and chronic opioid dependence. Multimodal approaches continue to be used in more invasive and complex surgical procedures for enhanced recovery and decreased postoperative complications from opioid administration. The current case report centers on a 30-year-old male recovering from opioid addiction presenting with severe tricuspid regurgitation scheduled to undergo a tricuspid valve replacement...
April 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676043/mitral-valve-interventions-in-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Daniel Lavall, Andreas Hagendorff, Stephan H Schirmer, Michael Böhm, Michael A Borger, Ulrich Laufs
Secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) results from left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction. Quantification of secondary MR is challenging because of the underlying myocardial disease. Clinical and echocardiographic evaluation requires a multi-parametric approach. Severe secondary MR occurs in up to one-fourth of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, which is associated with a mortality rate of 40% to 50% in 3 years. Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (MitraClip) has emerged as an alternative to surgical valve repair to improve symptoms, functional capacity, heart failure hospitalizations, and cardiac haemodynamics...
April 19, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675905/transient-left-anterior-and-septal-fascicular-blocks-after-self-expandable-percutaneous-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#20
Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Mariana F Cabral de Oliveira, Rodrigo Daminello-Raimundo, Luiz C de Abreu, Kjell Nikus
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is indicated in severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, when there is intermediate-high surgical risk, or a condition considered inoperable, as in the case of "porcelain aorta" that could turn clamping or cannulation of the ascending aorta hazardous in open-heart surgery. Among the complications of this less invasive procedure, intraventricular conduction disorders subsequent to the procedure stand out. TAVI causes worsening of intraventricular dromotropic disorders in more than 75% of the cases, with the presence of preexisting right bundle branch block and first-degree atrioventricular block, deep prosthesis implant, male gender, size of the aortic annulus smaller than the prosthesis, and porcelain aorta being predictive of requirement for permanent pacemaker implant...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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