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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346847/does-acute-normobaric-hypoxia-induce-anapyrexia-in-adult-humans
#1
Yongsuk Seo, Hayden D Gerhart, Jeremiah Vaughan, Jung-Hyun Kim, Ellen L Glickman
Seo, Yongsuk, Hayden D. Gerhart, Jeremiah Vaughan, Jung-Hyun Kim, and Ellen L. Glickman. Does acute normobaric hypoxia induce anapyrexia in adult humans? High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-Exposure to hypoxia is known to induce a reduction in core body temperature as a protective mechanism, which has been shown in both animals and humans. The purpose of this study was to test if acute exposure to normobaric hypoxia (NH) induces anapyrexia in adult humans in association with decreased peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
March 27, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345686/-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-intervention-at-workplace
#2
REVIEW
Marzena Malińska
A physical activity is a key factor contributing to the improvement and maintenance of one's general health. Although this issue is by no means limited to the workplace, it is precisely the work environment that can provide the basis for keeping and reinforcing more health-conscious attitudes and lifestyles, including programs promoting a physical activity. The paper presents an analysis of the literature on the effectiveness of physical activity intervention at the workplace. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the physical activity programs on musculoskeletal disorders, absenteeism, work ability, physical capacity and body weight of the participants...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345685/-carbon-nanotubes-characteristic-of-the-substance-biological-effects-and-occupational-exposure-levels
#3
REVIEW
Anna Maria Świdwińska-Gajewska, Sławomir Czerczak
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a diverse group of nano-objects in terms of structure, size (length, diameter), shape and characteristics. The growing interest in these structures is due to the increasing number of people working in exposure to CNTs. Occupational exposure to carbon nanotubes may occur in research laboratories, as well as in plants producing CNTs and their nanocomposites. Carbon nanotubes concentration at the emission source may reach 107 particles/cm<sup>3</sup>. These values, however, are considerably reduced after the application of adequate ventilation...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#4
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345683/-workplace-health-promotion-in-poland-in-2015-diagnosis-based-on-a-representative-survey-of-companies-employing-more-than-50-employees
#5
Krzysztof Puchalski, Elżbieta Korzeniowska
BACKGROUND: The workplace health promotion (WHP) activity of enterprises in Poland was examined. The findings referred to how many companies implemented non-obligatory actions for health and what actions were taken, what were the reasons and obstacles in the implementation, whether companies evaluated their activity, how they motivated staff to WHP, and whether the size and economic standing differentiated their activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Representative survey, consisted of computer assisted telephone interviews with delegates of the boards of 1000 companies employing > 50 employees, held in November-December 2015...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345682/-occupational-exposure-in-orthopedic-procedures-under-fluoroscopic-control
#6
Edyta Owsiak, Renata Kopeć, Maciej Budzanowski, Maria A Staniszewska
BACKGROUND: In interventional radiology the highest radiation doses are usually recorded for both the medical staff and the patients. Interventional procedures with X-rays are implemented in a number of medical specializations. This paper concerns the exposure of interventional teams performing orthopedic procedures under X-rays control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Doses for interventional teams were measured in the 3 Łódź hospitals. Thermoluminescent dosemeters were applied to measure the following dose equivalents: Hp(3) for eye lens, Hp(0...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345681/-studies-on-lyme-disease-incidence-rates-in-selected-groups-of-forestry-workers-in-west-pomerania-2005-2014
#7
Tomasz Stawicki
BACKGROUND: The data collected by sanitary-epidemiological stations in 2005-2014 were analyzed to determine the incidence rates of borreliosis Lyme disease in the West Pomerania group of workers exposed to tick bites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was assumed that an adequate comparison of official epidemiological data with the data concerning the number of exposed people, is an indispensable condition for assessing properly the trend in Lyme disease incidence rates, concerning at the same time a real scale of occupational exposure...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345680/personal-and-occupational-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-meat-processing-industry-workers-in-northern-italy
#8
Matteo Riccò, Carlo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a musculoskeletal condition that often impairs the fitness to work. Our aim is to retrospectively evaluate the association between physical exposures in meat processing industry in Northern Italy and the CTS, taking into account non-occupational factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to include 434 workers (236 males, 198 females, 37.0±10.6 years old, working age: 12.6±10.8 years) from meat processing industries...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345679/impact-of-climate-conditions-on-hospital-admissions-for-subcategories-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#9
Sanja Bijelović, Nataša Dragić, Milorad Bijelović, Mila Kovačević, Marija Jevtić, Olivera Ninkovic Mrđenovački
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study has been to examine the association between climate conditions (CC) and hospital admissions for the subcategories of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), according to patients' age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2010 through December 2011, the daily number of hospital admissions for angina pectoris (AP), essential hypertension (EH), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic heart diseases (IHD) for adults (19-64 years old) and the elderly (≥ 65 years old), as well as for the CC (N = 728 days) was collected for multivariate Poisson regression analysis, confounding with season and weekends...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345678/laryngeal-manual-therapy-palpatory-evaluation-scale-a-preliminary-study-to-examine-its-usefulness-in-diagnosis-of-occupational-dysphonia
#10
Ewelina Woźnicka, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Joanna Morawska, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study has been to assess the larynx and soft tissue around the vocal tract in a group of people with healthy voice, and in a group of patients with occupational dysphonia using the new laryngeal manual therapy palpatory evaluation scale (LMTPE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The examinations were performed in a study (dysphonic) group of professional voice users who had developed voice disorders (N = 51) and in the control group of normophonic subjects (N = 50)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345677/relationships-of-work-related-psychosocial-risks-stress-individual-factors-and-burnout-questionnaire-survey-among-emergency-physicians-and-nurses
#11
Ivana M Ilić, Mirjana Ž Arandjelović, Jovica M Jovanović, Milkica M Nešić
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks represent a great challenge for safety and health protection at work in Europe. The purpose of this study has been to determine the relationships of psychosocial risks arising from work, stress, personal characteristics and burnout among physicians and nurses in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey which contained the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#12
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345496/toward-a-better-nutritional-aiding-in-disasters-relying-on-lessons-learned-during-the-bam-earthquake
#13
Mahmoud Nekouie Moghadam, Mohammadreza Amiresmaieli, Mohammad Hassibi, Farideh Doostan, Sajad Khosravi
Introduction Examining various problems in the aftermath of disasters is very important to the disaster victims. Managing and coordinating food supply and its distribution among the victims is one of the most important problems after an earthquake. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to recognize problems and experiences in the field of nutritional aiding during an earthquake. METHODS: This qualitative study was of phenomenological type. Using the purposive sampling method, 10 people who had experienced nutritional aiding during the Bam Earthquake (Iran; 2003) were interviewed...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345387/multimodal-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#14
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Alisa Duric Golos, Irene B Elgen
BACKGROUND: Different treatment approaches aimed at reducing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms are available. However, factors such as intolerance, side-effects, lack of efficacy, high new technology costs, and placebo effect have spurred on an increasing interest in alternative or complementary treatment. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore efficacy of multimodal treatment consisting of standard stimulant medication (methylphenidate) and neurofeedback (NF) in combination, and to compare it with the single treatment in 6-month follow-up in ADHD children and adolescents...
March 27, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345196/flupyradifurone-effectively-manages-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-med-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-and-tomato-yellow-leaf-curl-virus-tylcv-in-tomato
#15
Emmanouil Roditakis, Marianna Stavrakaki, Maria Grispou, Aikaterini Achimastou, Χavier Van Waetermeulen, Ralf Nauen, Anastasia Tsagkarakou
BACKGROUND: The cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) is among the most important pests of numerous crops and a vector of >100 plant viruses, causing significant crop losses worldwide. Managing the pest as well as inhibiting the transmission of major viruses such as Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is of utmost importance for sustainable yields. The efficacy on both whiteflies and virus transmission of the novel systemic butenolide insecticide flupyradifurone, was investigated in this study...
March 27, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345070/are-scoring-systems-sufficient-for-predicting-mortality-due-to-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Merve Gunes Ozaydin, Ozlem Guneysel, Fatma Saridogan, Vehbi Ozaydin
OBJECTIVES: Scoring systems have been used to risk stratify in intensive care units (ICU), but not routinely used in emergency departments. The aim of this study was to determine accuracy for predicting mortality in emergency medicine with Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Mortality in ED Sepsis (MEDS) score and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPSII). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Patients presenting with evidence of sepsis were all included...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344998/low-dose-liver-targeted-gene-therapy-for-pompe-disease-enhances-therapeutic-efficacy-of-ert-via-immune-tolerance-induction
#17
Sang-Oh Han, Giuseppe Ronzitti, Benjamin Arnson, Christian Leborgne, Songtao Li, Federico Mingozzi, Dwight Koeberl
Pompe disease results from acid α-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency, and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human (rh) GAA has clinical benefits, although its limitations include the short half-life of GAA and the formation of antibody responses. The present study compared the efficacy of ERT against gene transfer with an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector containing a liver-specific promoter. GAA knockout (KO) mice were administered either a weekly injection of rhGAA (20 mg/kg) or a single injection of AAV2/8-LSPhGAA (8 × 10(11) vector genomes [vg]/kg)...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343254/dynamic-measurements-of-cervical-neural-foramina-during-neck-movements-in-asymptomatic-young-volunteers
#18
Victor Chang, Azam Basheer, Timothy Baumer, Daniel Oravec, Colin P McDonald, Michael J Bey, Stephen Bartol, Yener N Yeni
PURPOSE: Neural foraminal dimensions are considered important in nerve root compression and development of cervical radiculopathy, but baseline data regarding their range during normal motion are not available. An in vivo study of cervical foraminal motion was conducted to characterize normal 3D dynamic foraminal dimensions during physiological neck motion and compare between different tasks and intervertebral segments. METHODS: Biplane X-ray imaging and computed tomography-based markerless tracking were used to measure foraminal height (FH) and width (FW) from five asymptomatic subjects during neck axial rotation and extension...
March 25, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342212/high-speed-whole-brain-oximetry-by-golden-angle-radial-mri
#19
Wen Cao, Yulin V Chang, Erin K Englund, Hee Kwon Song, Suliman Barhoum, Zachary B Rodgers, Michael C Langham, Felix W Wehrli
PURPOSE: To determine whole-brain cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ), an improved imaging approach, based on radial encoding, termed radial OxFlow (rOxFlow), was developed to simultaneously quantify draining vein venous oxygen saturation (SvO2 ) and total cerebral blood flow (tCBF). METHODS: To evaluate the efficiency and precision of the rOxFlow sequence, 10 subjects were studied during a paradigm of repeated breath-holds with both rOxFlow and Cartesian OxFlow (cOxFlow) sequences...
March 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342191/exploiting-multicompartment-effects-in-triple-echo-steady-state-t2-mapping-for-fat-fraction-quantification
#20
Dian Liu, Andreas Steingoetter, Jelena Curcic, Sebastian Kozerke
PURPOSE: To investigate and exploit the effect of intravoxel off-resonance compartments in the triple-echo steady-state (TESS) sequence without fat suppression for T2 mapping and to leverage the results for fat fraction quantification. METHODS: In multicompartment tissue, where at least one compartment is excited off-resonance, the total signal exhibits periodic modulations as a function of echo time (TE). Simulated multicompartment TESS signals were synthesized at various TEs...
March 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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