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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333484/behavioral-and-neural-responses-to-infant-and-adult-tears-the-impact-of-maternal-love-withdrawal
#2
Madelon M E Riem, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Pietro De Carli, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
The current study examined behavioral and neural responses to infant and adult tears, taking into account childhood experiences with parental love-withdrawal. With functional MRI (fMRI), we measured neural reactivity to pictures of infants and adults with and without tears on their faces in nulliparous women with varying childhood experiences of maternal use of love withdrawal. Behavioral responses to infant and adult tears were measured with an approach-avoidance task. We found that individuals with experiences of love withdrawal showed less amygdala and insula reactivity to adult tears, but love withdrawal did not affect amygdala and insula reactivity to infant tears...
March 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328065/randomised-controlled-trial-demonstrates-that-fermented-infant-formula-with-short-chain-galacto-oligosaccharides-and-long-chain-fructo-oligosaccharides-reduces-the-incidence-of-infantile-colic
#3
Yvan Vandenplas, Thomas Ludwig, Hetty Bouritius, Philippe Alliet, Derek Forde, Stefaan Peeters, Frederic Huet, Jonathan Hourihane
AIM: We examined the effects on gastrointestinal tolerance of a novel infant formula that combined specific fermented formula (FERM) with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS), with a 9:1 ratio and concentration of 0.8g/100ml. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial comprised 432 healthy, term infants aged 0-28 days whose parents decided to not start, or discontinued,, breastfeeding...
March 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314228/untreated-perinatal-paternal-depression-effects-on-offspring
#4
REVIEW
Salvatore Gentile, Maria Luigia Fusco
Transition to parenthood represents an important life event which increases vulnerability to psychological disorders. Aim of this article is to analyze all studies which investigated the effects of untreated perinatal paternal depression in offspring. We searched pertinent, peer-reviewed articles published in English (January 1980 to April 2016) on MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Science.gov. Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. Most of the reviewed studies suffer from methodological limitations, including the small sample, the lack of a structured psychiatric diagnosis, and inclusion bias...
March 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293197/serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-and-early-parent-infant-interactions-are-related-to-adult-male-heart-rate-response-to-female-crying
#5
Anna Truzzi, Marc H Bornstein, Vincenzo P Senese, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Peipei Setoh, Gianluca Esposito
Adults' adaptive interactions with intimate partners enhance well-being. Here we hypothesized that adult males' physiological responses to opposite-sex conspecifics' distress result from an interaction between an environmental factor (early social interaction with caregivers) and a genetic factor (a polymorphism within the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene, 5-HTTLPR). We assessed heart rate changes in 42 non-married male adults to distress vocalizations (female, infant, and bonobo cries). Males' early interaction with parents was assessed using the Parental Bonding Instrument...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285033/listening-to-a-baby-crying-induces-higher-electroencephalographic-synchronization-among-prefrontal-temporal-and-parietal-cortices-in-adoptive-mothers
#6
M Pérez-Hernández, M Hernández-González, R M Hidalgo-Aguirre, C Amezcua-Gutiérrez, M A Guevara
Women who adopt babies show caring behaviors and respond to stimuli from their infants just as biological mothers do, but several studies have shown that the cerebral functionality of biological mothers (BM) and adoptive mothers (AM) changes in relation to the type and emotional mean of the stimuli they receive from their babies. The complex perception and processing of different stimuli with emotional content (such as those emitted by babies) require functional synchronization among different cortical and subcortical brain areas...
March 9, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276151/effectiveness-of-progesterone-cerclage-and-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#7
Alexander Jarde, Olha Lutsiv, Christina K Park, Joseph Beyene, Jodie M Dodd, Jon Barrett, Prakesh S Shah, Jocelynn L Cook, Shigeru Saito, Anne B Biringer, Lisa Sabatino, Lucy Giglia, Zhen Han, Katharina Staub, William Mundle, Jean Chamberlain, Sarah D McDonald
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of infant death, but it is unclear which intervention is best to prevent it. OBJECTIVES: To compare progesterone, cerclage and pessary, determine their relative effects and rank them. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Web of Science (to April 2016), without restrictions, and screened references of previous reviews. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised trials of progesterone, cerclage or pessary for preventing PTB in women with singletons at risk as defined by each study...
March 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271578/fathers-make-a-difference-positive-relationships-with-mother-and-baby-in-relation-to-infant-colic
#8
C P Alexander, J Zhu, I M Paul, K H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Maternal psychological factors like depression, anxiety and stress have been associated with infant fussiness or colic. However, little research exists on whether positive factors such as social support and the happiness of the mother-partner relationship are associated with lower rates of infant fussiness or colic. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between infant colic and three types of maternal support: general maternal social support (during pregnancy and post partum), the happiness of the mother-partner relationship (during pregnancy and post partum) and partner involvement in caring for the newborn...
March 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261843/tools-assessment-and-diagnosis-to-infant-colic-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
S García Marqués, R Chillón Martínez, S González Zapata, M Rebollo Salas, J J Jiménez Rejano
BACKGROUND: Infant colic occurs between 10% and 40% of healthy born children in their first year of life. Its assessment is complex, and there are only a few instruments of appraisement and diagnosis. METHODS: Scientific articles located through a systematic review using the Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, PEDro, Dialnet, IME and Dialnet databases. Two researchers obtained data independently from relevant studies previously identified. Risk of bias was assessed according to the methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration, with reporting following the preferred reported items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines and evaluating their methodological quality based on the EMPRO scale...
March 5, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249058/help-desk-answers-does-giving-a-sweet-tasting-solution-before-vaccine-injection-reduce-infant-crying
#10
Helaine Levine
Oral administration of a sucrose or glucose solution before intramuscular vaccine injection reduces expected crying duration by 12 to 77 seconds following the shot.
March 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246489/comparative-survey-of-holding-positions-for-reducing-vaccination-pain-in-young-infants
#11
Hui-Chu Yin, Shao-Wen Cheng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hao Weng
Background. Infant holding position may reduce vaccination pain. However, the optimal position for young infants remains controversial. Objectives. To compare the effectiveness of holding infants in the supine position and the effectiveness of holding infants in upright position for relieving acute pain from vaccine injection. Methods. This prospective cohort study enrolled 6-12-week-old healthy infants. We examined infant pain responses by evaluating the following three categories: (1) crying, (2) irritability, and (3) facial expression...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245259/estimated-impact-on-birth-weight-of-scaling-up-intermittent-preventive-treatment-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-given-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine-resistance-in-africa-a-mathematical-model
#12
Patrick G T Walker, Jessica Floyd, Feiko Ter Kuile, Matt Cairns
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission has declined substantially in the 21st century, but pregnant women in areas of sustained transmission still require protection to prevent the adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes associated with malaria in pregnancy (MiP). A recent call to action has been issued to address the continuing low coverage of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp). This call has, however, been questioned by some, in part due to concerns about resistance to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), the only drug currently recommended for IPTp...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222331/the-moro-reaction-more-than-a-reflex-a-ritualized-behavior-of-nonverbal-communication
#13
Pierre V Rousseau, Florence Matton, Renaud Lecuyer, Willy Lahaye
OBJECTIVE: To propose a phylogenetic significance to the Moro reflex which remains unexplained since its publication in 1918 because both hands are free at the end of the gesture. METHOD: Among the 75 videos of healthy term newborns we have filmed in a research project on antenatal education to parenthood, we describe a sequence that clearly showed the successive movements of the Moro reflex and we report the occurrence of this reflex in the videos that were recorded from Time 0 of birth defined as the moment that lies between the birth of the thorax and the pelvis of the infant...
February 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218995/effects-of-rapid-vaccine-injection-without-aspiration-and-applying-manual-pressure-before-vaccination-on-pain-and-crying-time-in-infants
#14
İlknur Göl, Süheyla Altuğ Özsoy
AIM: To compare effects of rapid injection without aspiration and 10-second manual pressure before injection on pain severity and crying time in 4- to 6-month-old infants given the vaccine DTaP/IPV/Hib. METHODS: This is a randomized double-blind controlled study. The study population included all the infants presenting for DTaP/IPV/Hib to two family health centers between April and August in 2015. The study sample included 128 infants based on confidence interval of 95% and statistical power of 80%...
February 20, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#15
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#16
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169158/maternal-singing-of-lullabies-during-pregnancy-and-after-birth-effects-on-mother-infant-bonding-and-on-newborns-behaviour-concurrent-cohort-study
#17
Giuseppina Persico, Laura Antolini, Patrizia Vergani, Walter Costantini, Maria Teresa Nardi, Lidia Bellotti
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is of great importance for the development and the well-being of the baby. The aim of this Concurrent Cohort Study was to investigate the effects of mothers singing lullabies on bonding, newborns' behaviour and maternal stress. METHODS: Eighty-three (singing cohort) and 85 (concurrent cohort) women were recruited at antenatal classes at 24 weeks g.a. and followed up to 3 months after birth. The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) were used to assess maternal-foetal attachment and postnatal bonding...
February 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161387/intranasal-oxytocin-but-not-vasopressin-augments-neural-responses-to-toddlers-in-human-fathers
#18
Ting Li, Xu Chen, Jennifer Mascaro, Ebrahim Haroon, James K Rilling
This study investigates paternal brain function with the hope of better understanding the neural basis for variation in caregiving involvement among men. The neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are implicated in paternal caregiving in humans and other species. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject pharmaco-functional MRI experiment, we randomized 30 fathers of 1-2year old children to receive either 24IU intranasal OT before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15) or 20IU intranasal AVP before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15)...
February 1, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160271/topical-anaesthesia-for-needle-related-pain-in-newborn-infants
#19
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Christine Taylor, Kaye Spence
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised newborn neonates frequently undergo painful invasive procedures that involve penetration of the skin and other tissues by a needle. One intervention that can be used prior to a needle insertion procedure is application of a topical local anaesthetic. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical anaesthetics such as amethocaine and EMLA in newborn term or preterm infants requiring an invasive procedure involving puncture of skin and other tissues with a needle...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140403/medical-history-of-discordant-twins-and-environmental-etiologies-of-autism
#20
C Willfors, T Carlsson, B-M Anderlid, A Nordgren, E Kostrzewa, S Berggren, A Ronald, R Kuja-Halkola, K Tammimies, S Bölte
The environmental contributions to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their informative content for diagnosing the condition are still largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between early medical events and ASD, as well as autistic traits, in twins, to test the hypothesis of a cumulative environmental effect on ASD risk. A total of 80 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs (including a rare sample of 13 twin pairs discordant for clinical ASD) and 46 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs with varying autistic traits, were examined for intra-pair differences in early medical events (for example, obstetric and neonatal factors, first year infections)...
January 31, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
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