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Infant crying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769176/using-feeding-to-reduce-pain-during-vaccination-of-formula-fed-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Netty G P Bos-Veneman, Marrit Otter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and potential side effects of formula feeding to reduce pain during vaccination among infants. STUDY DESIGN: In the setting of well-baby clinics we recruited a community-based sample of full-term born infants who were already formula fed by the choice of the parents (n=48, aged 4-10 weeks) and received their first DTaP-IPV-HepB-Hib and pneumococcal vaccinations and randomised them into two groups. To evaluate pain experienced during vaccination we compared infants who drank formula feeding before, during and after vaccination with infants who did not...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765596/an-evolutionary-perspective-on-night-terrors
#2
Sean D Boyden, Martha Pott, Philip T Starks
Night terrors, also known as sleep terrors, are an early childhood parasomnia characterized by screams or cries, behavioral manifestations of extreme fear, difficulty waking and inconsolability upon awakening. The mechanism causing night terrors is unknown, and a consistently successful treatment has yet to be documented. Here, we argue that cultural practices have moved us away from an ultimate solution: cosleeping. Cosleeping is the norm for closely related primates and for humans in non-Western cultures...
2018: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763976/effects-of-swaddled-and-sponge-bathing-methods-on-signs-of-stress-and-pain-in-premature-newborns-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#3
Sibel Serap Ceylan, Bahire Bolւşւk
AIMS: To determine the effects of sponge baths and swaddled bathing on premature infants' vital signs, oxygen saturation levels, crying times, pain, and stress levels. METHODS: This study was a clinical trial with a crossover design. Data were conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of a public hospital in Denizli, Turkey. A total of 35 premature infants, who were born at 33-37 weeks gestation with a birth weight <1,500 g, were enrolled in the study. Two bathing methods were applied at 3-day intervals...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760502/infant-colic-mechanisms-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Judith Zeevenhooven, Pamela D Browne, Monique P L'Hoir, Carolina de Weerth, Marc A Benninga
Infant colic is a commonly reported phenomenon of excessive crying in infancy with an enigmatic and distressing character. Despite its frequent occurrence, little agreement has been reached on the definition, pathogenesis or the optimal management strategy for infant colic. This Review aims to delineate the definitional entanglement with the Rome IV criteria, which were published in 2016, as the leading, most recent diagnostic criteria. Moreover, neurogenic, gastrointestinal, microbial and psychosocial factors that might contribute to the pathophysiology of infant colic are explored...
May 14, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753539/real-world-implementation-of-infant-behavioral-sleep-interventions-results-of-a-parental-survey
#5
Sarah M Honaker, Amy J Schwichtenberg, Tamar A Kreps, Jodi A Mindell
OBJECTIVE: To describe parental practices implementing behavioral sleep intervention (BSI) outside a clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Parents (n = 652), recruited through a Facebook group designed as a peer support group for parents using BSI, completed an online survey about their experience using BSI with their infant or toddler. RESULTS: On average, parents implemented BSI when their infant was 5.6 (±2.77) months. Parents most often used modified (49...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731834/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postoperative-intestinal-perforation-in-infants-and-young-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-three-cases
#6
Yong-Hong Zhang, Zhen-Liang Chen, Lei Shi, Zhong-Jian Chen, Xiang-Yang Dong, Bo Zhai
The aim of the present study was to analyze risk factors of intestinal perforation following surgery for the treatment of congenital heart disease in infants and young children, and to summarize experiences of diagnosis and treatment. A total of 3,270 children, who underwent congenital heart disease surgery under extracorporeal circulation from January 2010 to July 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. Among these children, three (0.09%) developed postoperative intestinal perforation. Primary diseases were Tetralogy of Fallot (two cases) and ventricular septal defect combined with atrial septal defect (one case)...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730041/explaining-individual-variation-in-paternal-brain-responses-to-infant-cries
#7
Ting Li, Marilyn Horta, Jennifer S Mascaro, Kelly Bijanki, Luc H Arnal, Melissa Adams, Ronald G Barr, James K Rilling
Crying is the principal means by which newborn infants shape parental behavior to meet their needs. While this mechanism can be highly effective, infant crying can also be an aversive stimulus that leads to parental frustration and even abuse. Fathers have recently become more involved in direct caregiving activities in modern, developed nations, and fathers are more likely than mothers to physically abuse infants. In this study, we attempt to explain variation in the neural response to infant crying among human fathers, with the hope of identifying factors that are associated with a more or less sensitive response...
May 2, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728255/young-adult-couples-behavioral-and-physiological-responses-to-the-infant-simulator-a-preliminary-illustration-of-coparenting
#8
Hannah F Rasmussen, Geoffrey W Corner, Gayla Margolin
This exploratory application of the infant simulator with two couples is designed to illustrate individual reactivity and coparenting behaviors in young couples in serious relationships who do not yet have children. A 35-min protocol with standardized onsets and offsets of inconsolable baby cries was used to capture partner's individual behavioral and physiological responses as well as the couple's joint efforts to soothe the crying baby. Task feasibility was demonstrated by couples' persistent and wide-ranging efforts to calm the baby including rocking, feeding, changing, talking to the baby, and singing...
May 1, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705723/why-do-babies-cry
#9
REVIEW
Robert Scott-Jupp
Persistent, inconsolable crying in young infants is common, distressing but usually benign. This selective review examines perceptions and perceived origins of this phenomenon in babies where serious pathology has been excluded. Adult brains have evolved to become hypersensitive to infant cries. Babies respond to parental stress by crying more, thus setting up a vicious cycle. Most treatments appear to work largely through a placebo effect. The imperative for healthcare professionals is to reduce parental anxiety by offering reassurance and support...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684832/effect-of-non-nutritive-sucking-and-sucrose-alone-and-in-combination-for-repeated-procedural-pain-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Haixia Gao, Mei Li, Honglian Gao, Guihua Xu, Fang Li, Jing Zhou, Yunsu Zou, Honghua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Sucrose combined with non-nutritive sucking provided better pain relief than sucrose or non-nutritive sucking alone in a single painful procedure. However, whether the combination of non-nutritive sucking with sucrose could obtain a significant difference in analgesic effect of the repeated procedural pain than any single intervention has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of non-nutritive sucking and sucrose alone and in combination of repeated procedural pain in preterm infants...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681431/factors-associated-with-infant-pain-severity-undergoing-immunization-injections
#11
Manal Kassab, Shereen Hamadneh, Khawla Nuseir, Basima ALmomani, Jehan Hamadneh
PURPOSE: Factors influencing infants' behavioral and vocal (cry) response to painful stimuli are explored to improve pain management plans for infants undergoing immunizations. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study design was used. Pain responses of 60 to 75 days-old infants (44% male vs 56% female) undergoing two-month immunization injections were videotaped and coded using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS), and duration of total crying time during injection was recorded...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#12
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605229/when-soothing-succeeds-simulating-a-risk-for-repeated-shaking-in-abusive-head-trauma-in-infants
#13
Mandy Chen, Ronald G Barr, Erica Miller, Nichole Fairbrother, Alissa Antle, Rollin Brant
PURPOSE: To investigate the observation that perpetrators of abusive head trauma engage in repeated shakings because shaking "works" to quiet the infant. METHODS: Sixty first-time parent couples individually cared for a programmable model infant in two consecutive 7-min trials. After six minutes of consolable followed by inconsolable crying, parents selected one of three soothing techniques. For trial one, parents were randomized to a "Successful" or "Failed" Soothing Condition...
March 28, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601304/episodic-syndromes-of-childhood-associated-with-migraine
#14
Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review covers recent advances in our understanding of episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine in children and adolescents, as well as what is known about the treatment of these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The episodic syndromes include benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo, abdominal migraine, and cyclic vomiting syndrome. Infant colic, or excessive crying in an otherwise healthy and well fed infant, may also fit into this category and is included in the appendix section of the most recent edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597245/the-relevancy-of-paracetamol-and-breastfeeding-post-infant-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nurain Suleiman, Siti Hadijah Shamsuddin, Razman Mohd Rus, Shamsul Drahman, Mai Nurul Ashikin Mohd Taib
Background: Paracetamol may be used as an antipyretic agent for the treatment of fever, as well as an analgesic in the treatment of mild to moderate pain post-vaccination in infants. The use of paracetamol during fever may be or may not be recommended since it may alter the natural human body immune response, although it may reduce pain. Objectives: The aims of this study are to describe the effectiveness of breastfeeding in reducing pain and paracetamol in reducing fever and pain post infant vaccination. Methods: Data sources and study selection was conducted by electronic searching of six databases...
March 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596956/individual-differences-in-infants-neural-responses-to-their-peers-cry-and-laughter
#16
Maria Magdalena Crespo-Llado, Ross E Vanderwert, Elena Geangu
Infants' ability to process others' emotional expressions is fundamental for their social development. While infants' processing of emotions expressed by faces and speech has been more extensively investigated, less is known about how infants process non-verbal vocalizations of emotions. Here, we recorded frontal N100, P200, and LPC event-related potentials (ERPs) from 8-month-old infants listening to sounds of other infants crying, laughing, and coughing. Infants' temperament was measured via parental report...
March 26, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590719/effect-of-smelling-amniotic-fluid-on-comfort-and-crying-in-preterm-infants-during-peripheral-cannulation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Fatma Güdücü Tüfekci
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of smelling amniotic fluid on comfort and duration of crying caused by peripheral cannulation in preterm infants. This was a randomized controlled trial. The study sample consisted of 80 preterm infants meeting the case selection criteria. The infants were randomly assigned to experimental and control group. Upon exclusion of some infants from the study, total number of infants in both groups was 61. The infants in the amniotic fluid group smelled amniotic fluid for 15 minutes before, during, and for 15 minutes after the ap-plication of peripheral cannulation, whereas the infants in the control group did not undergo any in-tervention other than routine care...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584842/association-of-placebo-indomethacin-ibuprofen-and-acetaminophen-with-closure-of-hemodynamically-significant-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Souvik Mitra, Ivan D Florez, Maria E Tamayo, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Thuva Vanniyasingam, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Adriana M Zea, Yuan Zhang, Behnam Sadeghirad, Lehana Thabane
Importance: Despite increasing emphasis on conservative management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants, different pharmacotherapeutic interventions are used to treat those developing a hemodynamically significant PDA. Objectives: To estimate the relative likelihood of hemodynamically significant PDA closure with common pharmacotherapeutic interventions and to compare adverse event rates. Data Sources and Study Selection: The databases of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception until August 15, 2015, and updated on December 31, 2017, along with conference proceedings up to December 2017...
March 27, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573066/is-it-infant-colic-or-early-symptom-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#19
Özlem Bağ, Sevay Alşen Güney, Nagihan Cevher Binici, Tuba Tuncel, Aslıhan Şahin, Emel Berksoy, Çiğdem Ecevit
OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal disorders (GI) are common in autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Infant colic (IC), the functional GI disorder of infancy, has not been evaluated in this patient group. The aim of this study is to determine the rate of IC in ASD and investigate a possible association between ASD and IC. METHODS: The study group included patient group (ASD) and healthy controls. The parents were questioned with Diagnostic Criteria for Infant Colic for clinical research purposes defined in Rome IV to diagnose IC, retrospectively...
March 23, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556968/why-only-humans-shed-emotional-tears-evolutionary-and-cultural-perspectives
#20
Asmir Gračanin, Lauren M Bylsma, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
Producing emotional tears is a universal and uniquely human behavior. Until recently, tears have received little serious attention from scientists. Here, we summarize recent theoretical developments and research findings. The evolutionary approach offers a solid ground for the analysis of the functions of tears. This is especially the case for infant crying, which we address in the first part of this contribution. We further elaborate on the antecedents and (intra- and interpersonal) functions of emotional tears in adults...
March 20, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
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