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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779961/the-effect-of-swaddling-on-pain-vital-signs-and-crying-duration-during-heel-lance-in-newborns
#1
Zeynep Erkut, Suzan Yildiz
To determine the effect of swaddling on pain, vital signs, and crying duration during heel lance in the newborn. This was a randomized controlled study of 74 (control: 37, experiment: 37) newborns born between December 2013 and February 2014 at the Ministry of Health Bagcılar Training and Research Hospital. An information form, observation form, and Neonatal Infant Pain Scale were used as data collection tools. Data from the pain scores, peak heart rates, oxygen saturation, total crying time, and duration of the procedure were collected using a video camera...
August 2, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748210/dataset-on-genetic-and-physiological-adults-responses-to-social-distress
#2
Andrea Bonassi, Tommaso Ghilardi, Anna Truzzi, Ilaria Cataldo, Atiqah Azhari, Peipei Setoh, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Gianluca Esposito
Both expectations towards interactions with conspecifics, and genetic predispositions, affect adults׳ social behaviors. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we report data to investigate the interaction between genetic factors, (oxytocin receptor (OXTR) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms), and adult interactional patterns in shaping physiological responses to social distress. During the presentation of distress vocalizations (cries of human female, infants and bonobos) we assessed participants׳ (N = 42 males) heart rate (HR) and peripheral nose temperature, which index state of arousal and readiness to action...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731660/-excessive-crying-in-infants-in-the-first-months-of-life-review
#3
REVIEW
Patricio Kenny
Cry-fuss problems are among the most common clinical presentations in the first few months of life. Cry-fuss behaviour emerges out of a complex interplay of cultural, psychosocial, environmental and biologic factors, with organic disturbance implicated in only 5% of cases. A holistic biopsychosocial approach can be most effective. This article reviews recent evidence to update clinical management, and will attempt to reconceptualize infant colic definition.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730134/innovative-dietary-intervention-answers-to-baby-colic
#4
Ioannis Xinias, A Analitis, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Roilides, Maria Lykogeorgou, Varvara Delivoria, Vasilis Milingos, Mayra Mylonopoulou, Yvan Vandenplas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of a lactose- reduced synbiotic partial whey hydrolysate in formula fed infants presenting with colic and the impact of this dietary intervention in mean crying time and quality of life. METHODS: Forty infants with infantile colic were treated during one month with parental reassurance and the intervention formula (partial whey hydrolysate, reduced lactose, Bifidobacterium lactis BB12 and galacto-oligosaccharides) and were compared to a control group of 20 infants with infantile colic treated with parental reassurance and a standard infant formula...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729328/comparative-safety-of-antiepileptic-drugs-for-neurological-development-in-children-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Patricia Rios, Elise Cogo, Sharon E Straus, Yaron Finkelstein, Ryan Kealey, Emily Reynen, Charlene Soobiah, Kednapa Thavorn, Brian Hutton, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Fatemeh Yazdi, Jennifer D'Souza, Heather MacDonald, Andrea C Tricco
OBJECTIVES: Compare the safety of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on neurodevelopment of infants/children exposed in utero or during breast feeding. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and Bayesian random-effects network meta-analysis (NMA). MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until 27 April 2017. Screening, data abstraction and quality appraisal were completed in duplicate by independent reviewers. PARTICIPANTS: 29 cohort studies including 5100 infants/children...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722763/isolated-drainage-of-right-superior-vena-cava-into-left-atrium-a%C3%A2-rare-etiology-of-childhood-central-cyanosis
#6
Shaimaa Rakha, Mohamed-Magdy Abuelkheir, Mohamed-Adel F Elgamal
Isolated right superior vena cava drainage into the left atrium (RSVC-LA) is an extremely rare anomaly in the absence of other cardiac or extracardiac abnormalities. The clinical and echocardiographic diagnosis is considered challenging. We report a female infant with cyanosis on crying who was diagnosed as isolated RSVC-LA using conventional and contrast echocardiography, but further confirmation was possible via multidetector CT. The surgical correction was performed with smooth postoperative recovery. In conclusion, isolated RSVC-LA must be in the differential diagnosis of cyanosis in the absence of intracardiac anomalies...
July 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721046/brain-metabolite-values-in-children-with-breath-holding-spells
#7
Mustafa Calik, Dilek Sen Dokumaci, Suna Sarikaya, Mahmut Demir, Ilhan Isik, Halil Kazanasmaz, Cemil Kaya, Hasan Kandemir
Breath-holding spells are benign, paroxysmal events with apnea and postural tone changes after a crying episode in infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the pathologies in brain metabolite values in the absence of seizure in children with breath-holding spells by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Brain MRS examination was performed on 18 children with breath-holding spells and 13 neurologically normal children who were included as the control group. There was no significant difference in terms of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr), and myoinositol (mI) levels and also in terms of NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, and mI/Cr ratios between the patients and the control group (all P>0...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711768/distressed-yet-empathically-sensitive-preschoolers-responses-to-infant-crying
#8
Hung-Chu Lin, Michelle Grisham
Using a simulated long bout of progressively intense infant crying, this study demonstrated that preschoolers responded with infant-oriented empathic concern and helping actions despite evidence of self-focused distress. Preschoolers' helping actions were predicted by the interaction between empathic concern and cognitive inquiry.
July 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685899/prevention-and-recognition-of-abusive-head-trauma-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-vietnam
#9
Jennifer A Fraser, Tara Flemington, Thi Ngoc Diep Doan, Minh Tu Van Hoang, Thi Le Binh Doan, Manh Tuan Ha
AIM: This paper presents results from an intervention designed to improve identification and response to abusive head trauma in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Vietnam. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen healthcare professionals (paediatric medical and nursing staff) completed a clinical training programme and participated in its evaluation. A pre-post-test and follow-up design was used to evaluate the outcomes. Questionnaires were used to collect data prior to training, at six-weeks and at six-months...
July 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685155/parenting-the-crying-infant
#10
Debra M Zeifman, Ian St James-Roberts
Crying conveys evidence about an infant's state and neurological health which, when carefully assessed, can provide diagnostic information for parents and clinicians. When crying is inconsolable or judged to be excessive, it can stress parents, disrupt parenting and, in rare cases, place an infant at risk for abuse. Research has revealed physiological and neural responses to crying that may predispose some adults to maltreat infants. Although this work suggests that parental vulnerabilities contribute to insensitive or aggressive reactions, there is a growing recognition that exposure to large doses of crying may be a challenge for all adults...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678920/pain-and-distress-outcomes-in-infants-and-children-a-systematic-review
#12
N C A C Oliveira, C M Gaspardo, M B M Linhares
The aim of the present study was to systematically review the recent literature about pain and distress outcomes in children and critically analyze the methodological quality of the reports. The systematic review was based on the PRISMA statement and performed by selecting articles that are indexed in scientific databases. The methodological quality of reports was examined using STROBE statement, for observational studies, and CONSORT statement, for randomized controlled trials. The PedIMMPACT consensus was used to evaluate the psychometric quality of pain instruments...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665038/efficacy-of-a-standardized-extract-of-matricariae-chamomilla-l-melissa-officinalis-l-and-tyndallized-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ha122-in-infantile-colic-an-open-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
M Martinelli, D Ummarino, F P Giugliano, E Sciorio, C Tortora, D Bruzzese, D De Giovanni, I Rutigliano, S Valenti, C Romano, A Campanozzi, E Miele, A Staiano
BACKGROUND: Infant colic (IC) is a prevalent physiological event of infants, which can disrupt the child's home environment. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a mixture of Matricariae chamomilla L., Melissa officinalis L. and tyndallized Lactobacillus acidophilus (HA122) compared with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and with simethicone for the treatment of IC. METHODS: A multicenter randomized comparative study was conducted in infants with colic, according to Rome III criteria, who were randomly assigned to receive M...
June 30, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649320/food-allergy-in-a-child-with-de-novo-kat6a-mutation
#14
Varpu Elenius, Tuire Lähdesmäki, Marja Hietala, Tuomas Jartti
Crying combined with miscellaneous gastrointestinal symptoms are typical symptoms of infant with food allergy, but are also common among children with abnormal neurological development. Mutations in KAT6A gene is known to cause a syndrome characterized by developmental delay, hypotonia, cardiac defects, microcephaly, specific facial features and early feeding problems. However, these feeding problems have not earlier been specified. We present the first reported case of a DBPCFC confirmed food allergy in a child with KAT6A mutation whose feeding problems resolved with elimination diet...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648104/a-speculated-cause-of-respiratory-inhibition-in-infants
#15
Hideki Minowa, Ikuyo Arai, Hajime Yasuhara, Reiko Ebisu, Ayako Ohgitani
OBJECTIVE: In our previous studies, we documented that threatened premature labor and asymmetrical intrauterine growth restriction were risk factors for respiratory inhibition. The goal of this study was to determine the cause of respiratory inhibition by considering perinatal risk factors. METHODS: We examined 1497 infants with a gestational age of 36 weeks or greater. All infants were monitored using pulse oximetry and examined via cranial sonography. Respiratory inhibition was defined as severe hypoxemia caused by respiratory inhibition immediately after crying or gastroesophageal reflux or as a respiratory pause during feeding...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#16
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600392/physical-stimulation-of-newborn-infants-in-the-delivery-room
#17
Vincent D Gaertner, Sophie A Flemmer, Laila Lorenz, Peter G Davis, C Omar Farouk Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend that newborn infants are stimulated to assist with the establishment of regular respirations. The mode, site of application and frequency of stimulations are not stipulated in these guidelines. The effectiveness of stimulation in improving neonatal transition outcomes is poorly described. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of video recordings of neonatal resuscitation at a tertiary perinatal centre...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#18
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585020/experimental-manipulation-of-infant-temperament-affects-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#19
Madelon M E Riem, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Christine E Parsons, Katherine S Young, Pietro De Carli, Morten L Kringelbach, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we examined neural processing of infant faces associated with a happy or a sad temperament in nulliparous women. We experimentally manipulated adult perception of infant temperament in a probabilistic learning task. In this task, participants learned about an infant's temperament through repeated pairing of the infant face with positive or negative facial expressions and vocalizations. At the end of the task, participants were able to differentiate between "mostly sad" infants who cried often and "mostly happy" infants who laughed often...
June 5, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573945/resuscitation-practices-of-low-and-normal-birth-weight-infants-in-nepal-an-observational-study-using-video-camera-recordings
#20
Johan Wrammert, Camilla Zetterlund, Ashish Kc, Uwe Ewald, Mats Målqvist
BACKGROUND: The global burden of stillbirth and neonatal deaths remains a challenge in low-income countries. Training in neonatal resuscitation can reduce intrapartum stillbirth and early neonatal mortality. Previous results demonstrate that infants who previously would have been registered as stillbirths are successfully resuscitated after such training, suggesting that there is a process of selection for resuscitation that needs to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal resuscitation of low birth weight and normal birth weight infants born at a facility in a low-income setting...
2017: Global Health Action
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