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Infant crying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910234/luminal-contents-from-the-gut-of-colicky-infants-induce-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-mice
#1
H Eutamène, C L Garcia-Rodenas, S Yvon, E d'Aldebert, F Foata, B Berger, J Sauser, V Theodorou, G Bergonzelli, E Mas
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of infantile colic is poorly understood, though various studies report gut microbiota dysbiosis in colicky infants. We aimed to test the hypothesis that colic-related dysbiosis is associated with visceral hypersensitivity triggered by an altered luminal milieu. METHODS: Fecal samples from seven colicky and seven non-colicky infants were studied. Fecal supernatants (FS) were infused into the colons of C57/Bl6 mice (n=10/specimen). Visceral sensitivity was subsequently assessed in the animals by recording their abdominal muscle response to colorectal distension (CRD) by electromyography (EMG)...
December 1, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884462/dual-neural-network-model-for-the-evolution-of-speech-and-language
#2
REVIEW
Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Explaining the evolution of speech and language poses one of the biggest challenges in biology. We propose a dual network model that posits a volitional articulatory motor network (VAMN) originating in the prefrontal cortex (PFC; including Broca's area) that cognitively controls vocal output of a phylogenetically conserved primary vocal motor network (PVMN) situated in subcortical structures. By comparing the connections between these two systems in human and nonhuman primate brains, we identify crucial biological preadaptations in monkeys for the emergence of a language system in humans...
December 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834473/transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-neonates-and-young-infants-retrospective-analysis-of-a-case-series-tap-blocks-in-neonates-and-young-infants
#3
Pinar Kendigelen, Cigdem Tütüncü, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Rahsan Ozcan, Senol Emre, Fatis Altindas, Guner Kaya
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the TAP block in children has been well characterized in literature. However, there are only few reports about TAP block in the neonates and low birth weight groups. This is a retrospective observational analysis of ultrasound - assisted TAP blocks in neonates and young infants. The aim of this study to analyze retrospectively the analgesic effectiveness of TAP block in neonates and infants undergoing abdominal and inguinal surgeries. METHODS: Thirty-four cases of neonates and infants with (whom) applied TAP block were retrospectively analyzed...
November 11, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821497/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-prevention-initiatives-a-literature-review
#4
Nahara Rodrigues Laterza Lopes, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Williams
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that needs to be prevented. The aim of this study was to summarize the main AHT prevention strategies described in literature, aiming to identify evidence of their efficiency, as well as strengths and limitations. International databases were reviewed from 2005 to 2015 using the key words Shaken Baby Syndrome or abusive head trauma or nonaccidental head trauma or abusive head injury or nonaccidental head injury and prevention A total of 1,215 articles were found and 34 complete articles were selected for this study...
November 6, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803205/the-impact-of-an-infant-oral-health-program-on-dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes
#5
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792244/breastfeeding-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#6
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Jessica Reszel, Mariana Bueno, Margaret Sampson, Vibhuti S Shah, Anna Taddio, Catherine Larocque, Lucy Turner
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) show that breastfeeding newborn infants during painful procedures reduces pain. Mechanisms are considered to be multifactorial and include sucking, skin-to-skin contact, warmth, rocking, sound and smell of the mother, and possibly endogenous opiates present in the breast milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of breastfeeding on procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) up to one year of age compared to no intervention, placebo, parental holding, skin-to-skin contact, expressed breast milk, formula milk, bottle feeding, sweet-tasting solutions (e...
October 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779313/do-distracting-activities-increase-tolerance-for-an-infant-cry
#7
Kathryn Glodowski, Rachel Thompson
Professionals recommend parents engage in distracting activities to mitigate negative effects of inconsolable infant crying (e.g., Deyo, Skybo, & Carroll, 2008; Goulet et al., 2009). We evaluated the availability of alternative activities on six undergraduates' tolerance for a recorded infant cry; three students tolerated the cry longer when distracting activities were available. Our results show that distracting activities could decrease the aversiveness of inconsolable infant crying for some individuals; additional research in natural caregiving situations will help determine the generality and social validity of this finding...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777609/perceptions-related-to-breastfeeding-and-the-early-introduction-of-complementary-foods-amongst-migrants-in-cape-town-south-africa
#8
Jo Hunter-Adams, Landon Myer, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding recommendations are of health importance, yet the extent to which migrant communities in low- and middle-income countries know or implement these recommendations is poorly understood. This study explores the perspectives of infant feeding amongst cross-border migrants in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Between February and October 2013, semi-structured in-depth interviews (n = 23) were conducted face-to-face with Congolese, Somali and Zimbabwean mothers living in Cape Town...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741166/the-association-of-bifidobacterium-breve-br03-and-b632-is-effective-to-prevent-colics-in-bottle-fed-infants-a-pilot-controlled-randomized-and-double-blind-study
#9
Enza Giglione, Flavia Prodam, Simonetta Bellone, Sonia Monticone, Sheila Beux, Agostina Marolda, Alessia Pagani, Diana Di Gioia, Mario Del Piano, Giovanni Mogna, Gianni Bona
GOALS: To assess the effectiveness of Bifidobacterium breve B632 and BR03 association in the reduction of infants crying over time. The second endpoint was to observe the effect of the same strains on daily evacuations and on the number of regurgitations and vomits. BACKGROUND: Infant colics represent a clinical condition in childhood, characterized by an uncontrollable crying that occurs without any apparent organic cause. An altered intestinal microbiota composition in the very first months may induce intestinal colics in infants...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717814/differential-associations-between-behavioral-and-cortisol-responses-to-a-stressor-in-securely-versus-insecurely-attached-infants
#10
Roseriet Beijers, Marianne Riksen-Walraven, Katharina Sebesta, Carolina de Weerth
In this study we examined whether securely versus insecurely attached infants use different regulatory behaviors in absence of their mother and whether these regulatory behaviors are differentially associated with physiological stress responses in secure versus insecure infants. Participants were 193 one-year-olds and their mothers. During three 3-min episodes of separation from the mother in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) [1], the following infant regulatory behaviors were observed: crying, fussing, self-soothing, manipulation of toys, and manipulation of the door...
October 4, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716943/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-prevention-or-treatment-of-pain-in-newborns
#11
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658339/data-collection-of-infant-cries-for-research-and-analysis
#12
Anshu Chittora, Hemant A Patil
Analysis of infants cries may help in identifying the needs of infants such as hunger, pain, sickness, etc and thereby develop a tool or possible mobile application that can help the parents in monitoring the needs of their infant. Analysis of cries of infants who are suffering from neurologic disorders and severe diseases, which can later on result in motor and mental handicap, may prove helpful in early diagnosis of pathologies and protect infants from such disorders. The development of an infant cry corpus is necessary for the analysis of infant cries and for the development of infant cry tools...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649302/the-relationship-between-behavioral-states-and-oral-feeding-efficiency-in-preterm-infants
#13
Thao Griffith, Kristin Rankin, Rosemary White-Traut
BACKGROUND: The relationship between behavioral states (alert, sleep, drowsy, and crying) and oral feeding efficiency in preterm infants is not well understood. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between behavioral states and feeding efficiency in preterm infants. METHODS: This correlational study was conducted as a secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial. Medically stable preterm infants born between 29 and 34 weeks' gestational age participated...
September 19, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642103/depression-and-anger-in-fathers-of-unsettled-infants-a-community-cohort-study
#14
Fallon Cook, Rebecca Giallo, Zvezdana Petrovic, Amy Coe, Monique Seymour, Warren Cann, Harriet Hiscock
AIM: To examine the relationship between unsettled infant behaviour and fathers' depressive symptoms, cognitions surrounding infant sleep (anger, doubt), and personal sleep, in a community cohort. METHODS: Data were collected from 102 fathers of healthy infants at 4 weeks, 4 months and 6 months of age. Measures included father report of infant sleep and crying problems, depressive symptoms, cognitions about infant sleep and own sleep quality and quantity. Data were analysed using adjusted regression models...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631535/pain-relieving-agents-for-infantile-colic
#15
Elena Biagioli, Valentina Tarasco, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder in the first months of life, affecting somewhere between 4% and 28% of infants worldwide, depending on geography and definitions used. Although it is self limiting and resolves by four months of age, colic is perceived by parents as a problem that requires action. Pain-relieving agents, such as drugs, sugars and herbal remedies, have been suggested as interventions to reduce crying episodes and severity of symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of pain-relieving agents for reducing colic in infants younger than four months of age...
September 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618525/retrospective-typology-of-paediatric-emergency-visits-in-one-year-sakarya-turkey
#16
T M Alvur, N Cinar, D Kose, O Tiryaki
Characterization of newborn (aged ≤ 28 days) visits to paediatric emergency department (PED). Retrospective study concerning newborns who presented to PED of Sakarya University Maternity and Paediatric Hospital during 2014. We studied the electronic data consisted of admission date, date-of-birth, emergency department diagnosis at discharge (ICD-10 code) and the outcome. A total of 5708 neonates visited PED with an average age of 7.9 ± 5.9 days of age and prevalence of males (56.1%). The major diagnoses were jaundice, respiratory system problems, excessive crying of infant, feeding problems of newborn and prematurity...
February 12, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609027/descriptive-figures-for-differences-in-parenting-and-infant-night-time-distress-in-the-first-three-months-of-age
#17
Ian St James-Roberts, Marion Roberts, Kimberly Hovish, Charlie Owen
: Aim To provide descriptive figures for infant distress and associated parenting at night in normal London home environments during the first three months of age. BACKGROUND: Most western infants develop long night-time sleep periods by four months of age. However, 30% of infants in many countries sleep for short periods and cry out on waking in the night: the most common type of infant sleep behaviour problem. Preventive interventions may help families and improve services...
November 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582724/the-effect-of-secure-attachment-state-and-infant-facial-expressions-on-childless-adults-parental-motivation
#18
Fangyuan Ding, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng
This study examined the association between infant facial expressions and parental motivation as well as the interaction between attachment state and expressions. Two-hundred eighteen childless adults (M age = 19.22, 118 males, 100 females) were recruited. Participants completed the Chinese version of the State Adult Attachment Measure and the E-prime test, which comprised three components (a) liking, the specific hedonic experience in reaction to laughing, neutral, and crying infant faces; (b) representational responding, actively seeking infant faces with specific expressions; and (c) evoked responding, actively retaining images of three different infant facial expressions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581946/variation-in-mothers-arginine-vasopressin-receptor-1a-and-dopamine-receptor-d4-genes-predicts-maternal-sensitivity-via-social-cognition
#19
E M Leerkes, J Su, S Calkins, V C Henrich, A Smolen
We examined the extent to which the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) and dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) were related to sensitive maternal behavior directly or indirectly via maternal social cognition. Participants were 207 (105 European-American and 102 African-American) mothers and their children (52% females). Sensitive maternal behavior was rated and aggregated across a series of tasks when infants were 6 months, 1 year and 2 years old. At 6 months, mothers were interviewed about their empathy, attributions about infant behavior and beliefs about crying to assess their parenting-related social cognition...
September 1, 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579428/posterior-urethral-polyp-first-holmium-yag-laser-ablation-on-a-3-month-old-infant
#20
Fatih Ozkaya, Ercument Keskin, Turgut Yapanoglu, Senol Adanur, Tevfik Ziypak, Mehmet Sefa Altay, Yılmaz Aksoy
BACKGROUND: Urethral polyps are rare benign pathologies seen in the male posterior urethra, more frequently originating from verumontanum. In this article, we aimed to discuss diagnosis and treatment of a urethral polyp causing hematuria and urinary infection in a 3-month-old male infant. This is the first case in the literature in which a urethral polyp is treated with Holmium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 3-month-old male infant, and complains were hematuria and crying during micturition...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
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