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Infant crying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711768/distressed-yet-empathically-sensitive-preschoolers-responses-to-infant-crying
#1
Hung-Chu Lin, Michelle Grisham
Using a simulated long bout of progressively intense infant crying, this study demonstrated that preschoolers responded with infant-oriented empathic concern and helping actions despite evidence of self-focused distress. Preschoolers' helping actions were predicted by the interaction between empathic concern and cognitive inquiry.
July 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685899/prevention-and-recognition-of-abusive-head-trauma-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-vietnam
#2
Jennifer A Fraser, Tara Flemington, Thi Ngoc Diep Doan, Minh Tu Van Hoang, Thi Le Binh Doan, Manh Tuan Ha
AIM: This paper presents results from an intervention designed to improve identification and response to abusive head trauma in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Vietnam. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen healthcare professionals (paediatric medical and nursing staff) completed a clinical training programme and participated in its evaluation. A pre-post-test and follow-up design was used to evaluate the outcomes. Questionnaires were used to collect data prior to training, at six-weeks and at six-months...
July 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685155/parenting-the-crying-infant
#3
Debra M Zeifman, Ian St James-Roberts
Crying conveys evidence about an infant's state and neurological health which, when carefully assessed, can provide diagnostic information for parents and clinicians. When crying is inconsolable or judged to be excessive, it can stress parents, disrupt parenting and, in rare cases, place an infant at risk for abuse. Research has revealed physiological and neural responses to crying that may predispose some adults to maltreat infants. Although this work suggests that parental vulnerabilities contribute to insensitive or aggressive reactions, there is a growing recognition that exposure to large doses of crying may be a challenge for all adults...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678920/pain-and-distress-outcomes-in-infants-and-children-a-systematic-review
#5
N C A C Oliveira, C M Gaspardo, M B M Linhares
The aim of the present study was to systematically review the recent literature about pain and distress outcomes in children and critically analyze the methodological quality of the reports. The systematic review was based on the PRISMA statement and performed by selecting articles that are indexed in scientific databases. The methodological quality of reports was examined using STROBE statement, for observational studies, and CONSORT statement, for randomized controlled trials. The PedIMMPACT consensus was used to evaluate the psychometric quality of pain instruments...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665038/efficacy-of-a-standardized-extract-of-matricariae-chamomilla-l-melissa-officinalis-l-and-tyndallized-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ha122-in-infantile-colic-an-open-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
M Martinelli, D Ummarino, F P Giugliano, E Sciorio, C Tortora, D Bruzzese, D De Giovanni, I Rutigliano, S Valenti, C Romano, A Campanozzi, E Miele, A Staiano
BACKGROUND: Infant colic (IC) is a prevalent physiological event of infants, which can disrupt the child's home environment. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a mixture of Matricariae chamomilla L., Melissa officinalis L. and tyndallized Lactobacillus acidophilus (HA122) compared with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and with simethicone for the treatment of IC. METHODS: A multicenter randomized comparative study was conducted in infants with colic, according to Rome III criteria, who were randomly assigned to receive M...
June 30, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649320/food-allergy-in-a-child-with-de-novo-kat6a-mutation
#7
Varpu Elenius, Tuire Lähdesmäki, Marja Hietala, Tuomas Jartti
Crying combined with miscellaneous gastrointestinal symptoms are typical symptoms of infant with food allergy, but are also common among children with abnormal neurological development. Mutations in KAT6A gene is known to cause a syndrome characterized by developmental delay, hypotonia, cardiac defects, microcephaly, specific facial features and early feeding problems. However, these feeding problems have not earlier been specified. We present the first reported case of a DBPCFC confirmed food allergy in a child with KAT6A mutation whose feeding problems resolved with elimination diet...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648104/a-speculated-cause-of-respiratory-inhibition-in-infants
#8
Hideki Minowa, Ikuyo Arai, Hajime Yasuhara, Reiko Ebisu, Ayako Ohgitani
OBJECTIVE: In our previous studies, we documented that threatened premature labor and asymmetrical intrauterine growth restriction were risk factors for respiratory inhibition. The goal of this study was to determine the cause of respiratory inhibition by considering perinatal risk factors. METHODS: We examined 1497 infants with a gestational age of 36 weeks or greater. All infants were monitored using pulse oximetry and examined via cranial sonography. Respiratory inhibition was defined as severe hypoxemia caused by respiratory inhibition immediately after crying or gastroesophageal reflux or as a respiratory pause during feeding...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#9
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600392/physical-stimulation-of-newborn-infants-in-the-delivery-room
#10
Vincent D Gaertner, Sophie A Flemmer, Laila Lorenz, Peter G Davis, C Omar Farouk Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend that newborn infants are stimulated to assist with the establishment of regular respirations. The mode, site of application and frequency of stimulations are not stipulated in these guidelines. The effectiveness of stimulation in improving neonatal transition outcomes is poorly described. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of video recordings of neonatal resuscitation at a tertiary perinatal centre...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#11
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585020/experimental-manipulation-of-infant-temperament-affects-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#12
Madelon M E Riem, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Christine E Parsons, Katherine S Young, Pietro De Carli, Morten L Kringelbach, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study we examined neural processing of infant faces associated with a happy or a sad temperament in nulliparous women. We experimentally manipulated adult perception of infant temperament in a probabilistic learning task. In this task, participants learned about an infant's temperament through repeated pairing of the infant face with positive or negative facial expressions and vocalizations. At the end of the task, participants were able to differentiate between "mostly sad" infants who cried often and "mostly happy" infants who laughed often...
June 5, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573945/resuscitation-practices-of-low-and-normal-birth-weight-infants-in-nepal-an-observational-study-using-video-camera-recordings
#13
Johan Wrammert, Camilla Zetterlund, Ashish Kc, Uwe Ewald, Mats Målqvist
BACKGROUND: The global burden of stillbirth and neonatal deaths remains a challenge in low-income countries. Training in neonatal resuscitation can reduce intrapartum stillbirth and early neonatal mortality. Previous results demonstrate that infants who previously would have been registered as stillbirths are successfully resuscitated after such training, suggesting that there is a process of selection for resuscitation that needs to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal resuscitation of low birth weight and normal birth weight infants born at a facility in a low-income setting...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570412/perceived-maternal-behavioral-control-infant-behavior-and-milk-supply-a-qualitative-study
#14
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Kaitlin Dicks, Leela Sarathy, Allison A Brown, Renée Boynton-Jarrett
OBJECTIVE: Disparities persist in breastfeeding exclusivity and duration despite increases in breastfeeding initiation. The objective of this study was to examine factors that influence maternal decision making surrounding infant feeding practices over time in a diverse inner-city population. METHODS: We conducted a prospective qualitative study with 20 mothers recruited from 2 urban primary care clinics. Participants completed open-ended interviews and demographic questionnaires in English or Spanish administered at approximately 2 weeks and 6 months postpartum...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554931/developing-a-core-outcome-set-for-infant-colic-for-primary-secondary-and-tertiary-care-settings-a-prospective-study
#15
Nina F Steutel, Marc A Benninga, Miranda W Langendam, Judith J Korterink, Flavia Indrio, Hania Szajewska, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVE: Infant colic (IC) is defined as recurrent and prolonged crying without an obvious cause or evidence of failure to thrive or illness. It is a common problem with a prevalence of 5%-25%. The unknown aetiology results in a wide variety in interventions and use of heterogeneous outcome measures across therapeutic trials. Our aim was to develop a core outcome set (COS) for IC to facilitate and improve evidence synthesis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study design; primary, secondary and tertiary care...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552590/would-situational-stress-be-harmful-for-anyone-the-influence-of-situational-factors-and-trait-empathy-on-women-s-response-to-infant-crying
#16
Daiki Hiraoka, Michio Nomura
Individual differences in responsiveness toward infant crying are well understood. Little research, however, has examined the effects of situational risk factors (e.g., social stress, cognitive load) and possible interactions between situational and dispositional factors on response toward infant crying. This study examined if trait empathy (conceptualized as empathic concern; EC, and personal distress; PD) moderate situational factors' relationship with people's intentions in response to infant crying. Social stress was manipulated using the Trier Social Stress Test...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529088/pilot-test-of-a-home-based-program-to-prevent-perceived-insufficient-milk
#17
Natsuko K Wood, Elizabeth A Sanders, Frances M Lewis, Nancy F Woods, Susan T Blackburn
PROBLEM: Although the World Health Organization and American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, only 22% of U.S. mothers do so. Mothers' perceived insufficient milk (PIM) is the primary reason for breastfeeding discontinuation globally. There are two changeable causes of PIM: (1) mothers' misinterpretation of their infant's behavior, and (2) mothers' lack of confidence in their ability to breastfeed. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term effect of a home-based intervention designed to prevent and/or reduce PIM...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528787/inspiratory-phonation-in-baby-voice
#18
Kathleen Wermke, Asin Ahmad Haschemi, Volker Hesse, Michael P Robb
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the developmental occurrence of inspiratory phonations (IPs) in the spontaneous cries of healthy infants across the first 10 weeks of life. STUDY DESIGN: This is a populational retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: The spontaneous crying of 17 healthy infants (10 were male) was retrospectively investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sound files of spontaneously uttered cries that were repeatedly recorded once per week for across the first 10 weeks of life were retrospectively analyzed...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509364/how-do-caregivers-understand-and-respond-to-unsettled-infant-behaviour-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#19
L Murray, T Tran, V V Thang, L Cass, J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Unsettled infant behaviours are a common source of concern for new parents and have been associated with perinatal common mental disorders amongst women in high-income settings. There is little evidence about how unsettled infant behaviours are understood and managed in low and lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe caregivers' understandings of, and responses to, unsettled infant behaviours in Vietnam and their family caregiving contexts. METHODS: Women who were mothers of infants aged 0-6 months were purposively recruited from two sites in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam (one urban and one rural)...
May 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500064/cry-presence-and-amplitude-do-not-reflect-cortical-processing-of-painful-stimuli-in-newborns-with-distinct-responses-to-touch-or-cold
#20
Nathalie L Maitre, Ann R Stark, Carrie C McCoy Menser, Olena D Chorna, Daniel J France, Alexandra F Key, Ken Wilkens, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Don M Wilkes, Stephen Bruehl
OBJECTIVE: Newborns requiring hospitalisation frequently undergo painful procedures. Prevention of pain in infants is of prime concern because of adverse associations with physiological and neurological development. However, pain mitigation is currently guided by behavioural observation assessments that have not been validated against direct evidence of pain processing in the brain. The aim of this study was to determine whether cry presence or amplitude is a valid indicator of pain processing in newborns...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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