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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509364/how-do-caregivers-understand-and-respond-to-unsettled-infant-behaviour-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#1
L Murray, T Tran, V V Thang, L Cass, J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Unsettled infant behaviours are a common source of concern for new parents and have been associated with perinatal common mental disorders amongst women in high-income settings. There is little evidence about how unsettled infant behaviours are understood and managed in low and lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe caregivers' understandings of, and responses to, unsettled infant behaviours in Vietnam and their family caregiving contexts. METHODS: Women who were mothers of infants aged 0-6 months were purposively recruited from two sites in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam (one urban and one rural)...
May 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500064/cry-presence-and-amplitude-do-not-reflect-cortical-processing-of-painful-stimuli-in-newborns-with-distinct-responses-to-touch-or-cold
#2
Nathalie L Maitre, Ann R Stark, Carrie C McCoy Menser, Olena D Chorna, Daniel J France, Alexandra F Key, Ken Wilkens, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Don M Wilkes, Stephen Bruehl
OBJECTIVE: Newborns requiring hospitalisation frequently undergo painful procedures. Prevention of pain in infants is of prime concern because of adverse associations with physiological and neurological development. However, pain mitigation is currently guided by behavioural observation assessments that have not been validated against direct evidence of pain processing in the brain. The aim of this study was to determine whether cry presence or amplitude is a valid indicator of pain processing in newborns...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496095/duration-of-motherhood-has-incremental-effects-on-mothers-neural-processing-of-infant-vocal-cues-a-neuroimaging-study-of-women
#3
Christine E Parsons, Katherine S Young, Mikkel V Petersen, Else-Marie Jegindoe Elmholdt, Peter Vuust, Alan Stein, Morten L Kringelbach
The transition to motherhood, and the resultant experience of caregiving, may change the way women respond to affective, infant signals in their environments. Nonhuman animal studies have robustly demonstrated that mothers process both infant and other salient signals differently from nonmothers. Here, we investigated how women with and without young infants respond to vocalisations from infants and adults (both crying and neutral). We examined mothers with infants ranging in age (1-14 months) to examine the effects of duration of maternal experience...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484415/adult-attachment-styles-associated-with-brain-activity-in-response-to-infant-faces-in-nulliparous-women-an-event-related-potentials-study
#4
Yuanxiao Ma, Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Haijing Ma, Na Hu
Adult attachment style is a key for understanding emotion regulation and feelings of security in human interactions as well as for the construction of the caregiving system. The caregiving system is a group of representations about affiliative behaviors, which is guided by the caregiver's sensitivity and empathy, and is mature in young adulthood. Appropriate perception and interpretation of infant emotions is a crucial component of the formation of a secure attachment relationship between infant and caregiver...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481819/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#5
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472982/comparative-safety-of-anti-epileptic-drugs-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-congenital-malformations-and-prenatal-outcomes
#6
Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Elise Cogo, Patricia Rios, Sharon E Straus, Yaron Finkelstein, Ryan Kealey, Emily Reynen, Charlene Soobiah, Kednapa Thavorn, Brian Hutton, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Fatemeh Yazdi, Jennifer D'Souza, Heather MacDonald, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with epilepsy frequently experience seizures related to pregnancy complications and are often prescribed anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to manage their symptoms. However, less is known about the comparative safety of AED exposure in utero. We aimed to compare the risk of congenital malformations (CMs) and prenatal outcomes of AEDs in infants/children who were exposed to AEDs in utero through a systematic review and Bayesian random-effects network meta-analysis...
May 5, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456088/neural-correlates-of-infants-sensitivity-to-vocal-expressions-of-peers
#7
Manuela Missana, Nicole Altvater-Mackensen, Tobias Grossmann
Responding to others' emotional expressions is an essential and early developing social skill among humans. Much research has focused on how infants process facial expressions, while much less is known about infants' processing of vocal expressions. We examined 8-month-old infants' processing of other infants' vocalizations by measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to positive (infant laughter), negative (infant cries), and neutral (adult hummed speech) vocalizations. Our ERP results revealed that hearing another infant cry elicited an enhanced negativity (N200) at temporal electrodes around 200ms, whereas listening to another infant laugh resulted in an enhanced positivity (P300) at central electrodes around 300ms...
April 15, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445267/different-clinical-presentations-of-choledochal-cyst-among-infants-and-older-children-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#8
Davoud Badebarin, Saeid Aslanabadi, Amir Teimouri-Dereshki, Masoud Jamshidi, Tuba Tarverdizadeh, Kaveh Shad, Kamyar Ghabili, Ghazal Khajir
Choledochal cyst is a rare and often benign congenital cystic dilation throughout the biliary tree. Due to the benign nature of choledochal cyst among early-diagnosed patients, the clinical assumption and diagnosis seem to be of utmost significance. Therefore, we sought to assess different clinical manifestations of choledochal cyst and relevant laboratory findings in infants and older children.Retrospectively, medical records of all patients with the diagnosis of choledochal cyst between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433797/development-of-comorbid-crying-sleeping-feeding-problems-across-infancy-neurodevelopmental-vulnerability-and-parenting
#9
Ayten Bilgin, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Regulatory problems (excessive crying, feeding, and sleeping difficulties), specifically their comorbidity, are early warning signs of future problems. Insensitive parenting and neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities have been suggested as factors explaining development or maintenance of regulatory problems. Nevertheless, none of the previous studies investigated these factors within the same sample across infancy, taking into account the reciprocal influences between maternal sensitivity and regulatory problems...
April 19, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425020/acoustic-properties-of-cries-in-12-month-old-infants-at-high-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Lisa M Unwin, Ildiko Bruz, Murray T Maybery, Victoria Reynolds, Natalie Ciccone, Cheryl Dissanayake, Martha Hickey, Andrew J O Whitehouse
There is preliminary evidence that infant siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have an atypical pattern of cry, characterized by higher fundamental frequency and increased dysphonation. This prospective study collected multiple cry samples of 12-month old siblings of children with ASD (n = 22, 'high-risk' group) and 12-month olds with no family history of ASD (n = 27, 'low risk' group). While there was no difference between groups in the fundamental frequency or degree of phonation of the cry samples, the duration of each cry unit was significantly shorter in the high-risk siblings (p < ...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414516/effects-of-having-preterm-infants-smell-amniotic-fluid-mother-s-milk-and-mother-s-odor-during-heel-stick-procedure-on-pain-physiological-parameters-and-crying-duration
#11
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Funda Kardaş Özdemir
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess effects of having preterm infants smell amniotic fluid, mother's milk, and mother's odor during heel stick procedure on pain, physiological parameters, and crying duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled experimental research. The population of the study was made up of preterm infants receiving treatment and care at a neonatal intensive care unit, where the study was conducted between January 2015 and March 2016...
April 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392772/the-tromso-infant-faces-database-tif-development-validation-and-application-to-assess-parenting-experience-on-clarity-and-intensity-ratings
#12
Jana K Maack, Agnes Bohne, Dag Nordahl, Lina Livsdatter, Åsne A W Lindahl, Morten Øvervoll, Catharina E A Wang, Gerit Pfuhl
Newborns and infants are highly depending on successfully communicating their needs; e.g., through crying and facial expressions. Although there is a growing interest in the mechanisms of and possible influences on the recognition of facial expressions in infants, heretofore there exists no validated database of emotional infant faces. In the present article we introduce a standardized and freely available face database containing Caucasian infant face images from 18 infants 4 to 12 months old. The development and validation of the Tromsø Infant Faces (TIF) database is presented in Study 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392770/emergence-of-functional-flexibility-in-infant-vocalizations-of-the-first-3-months
#13
Yuna Jhang, D Kimbrough Oller
Functional flexibility, as manifest in the use of any word or sentence to express different affective valences on different occasions, is required in linguistic communication and can be said to be an infrastructural property of language. Early infant vocalizations (protophones), believed to be precursors to speech, occur in the first month and are functionally different from non-speech-like signals (e.g., cries and laughs). Oller et al. (2013) showed that infants by 3 months used three different protophone types with a full range of affect as manifest in facial expression, from positive to neutral to negative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385295/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-fussing-and-crying-durations-and-prevalence-of-colic-in-infants
#14
Dieter Wolke, Ayten Bilgin, Muthanna Samara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean duration of fussing and crying and prevalence of colic using modified Wessel criteria in infants in the first 3 months of life. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using the databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase. The major outcome measure was mean total fuss/cry duration during 24 hours at ages 1-2 weeks (11 samples), 3-4 weeks (6 samples), 5-6 weeks (28 samples), 8-9 weeks (9 samples), and 10-12 weeks (12 samples)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382062/the-comparison-of-the-effects-of-massaging-and-rocking-on-infantile-colic
#15
Fatemah Nahidi, Nafiseh Gazerani, Parsa Yousefi, Ali Reza Abadi
INTRODUCTION: Infantile colic is a painful condition in the first months of infancy. This study was carried out with the aim of testing the hypothesis that massage treatment has a clinically relevant effect on this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted among 100 infants of < 12 weeks of age with infantile colic. They were randomly assigned to either infant massage (n = 50) or rocking groups (n = 50). In the massage group, trained individuals taught the parents of the infants the massage technique and gave them a brochure...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350717/missed-fractures-in-infants-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-fussiness
#16
Jamie S Kondis, Jared Muenzer, Janet D Luhmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence of prior fussy emergency visits in infants with subsequently diagnosed fractures suggestive of abuse. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of infants younger than 6 months who presented to the pediatric emergency department (ED) between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2011. Inclusion criteria included age 0 to 6 months, discharge diagnosis including "fracture," "broken" (or break), or "trauma" or any child abuse diagnosis or chief complaint of "fussy" or "crying" as documented in the electronic medical record by the triage nurse...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350192/a-real-world-evaluation-of-a-treatment-for-infant-colic-based-on-the-experience-and-perceptions-of-4004-parents
#17
Martin Goldman, Tricia Beaumont
Infant colic (IC) is a common condition in young babies seen by primary care health professionals, especially health visitors. Nevertheless, the diagnostic criteria for IC are vague, which has resulted in a lack of clarity in published guidance on its causes and treatment. Credence has been given to alternative therapies, while health professionals are sceptical about the efficacy of over-the-counter treatments. Some 4004 parents of babies considered to have IC participated in this retrospective real world evidence study on the efficacy of a simeticone suspension in the treatment of IC...
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346843/analgesic-effect-of-maternal-human-milk-odor-on-premature-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Audrey Baudesson de Chanville, Véronique Brevaut-Malaty, Aurélie Garbi, Barthelemy Tosello, Karine Baumstarck, Catherine Gire
BACKGROUND: Two studies have demonstrated an analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates, without specifying the method of olfactory stimulation. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates by using a standardized method of olfactory stimulation. METHODS: This trial was prospective, randomized, controlled, double blinded, and centrally administered. The inclusion criteria for breastfed infants included being born between 30 and 36 weeks + 6 days gestational age and being less than 10 days postnatal age...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333484/behavioral-and-neural-responses-to-infant-and-adult-tears-the-impact-of-maternal-love-withdrawal
#20
Madelon M E Riem, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Pietro De Carli, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
The current study examined behavioral and neural responses to infant and adult tears, taking into account childhood experiences with parental love-withdrawal. With functional MRI (fMRI), we measured neural reactivity to pictures of infants and adults with and without tears on their faces in nulliparous women with varying childhood experiences of maternal use of love withdrawal. Behavioral responses to infant and adult tears were measured with an approach-avoidance task. We found that individuals with experiences of love withdrawal showed less amygdala and insula reactivity to adult tears, but love withdrawal did not affect amygdala and insula reactivity to infant tears...
March 23, 2017: Emotion
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