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Infant crying

Enza Giglione, Flavia Prodam, Simonetta Bellone, Sonia Monticone, Sheila Beux, Agostina Marolda, Alessia Pagani, Diana Di Gioia, Mario Del Piano, Giovanni Mogna, Gianni Bona
GOALS: To assess the effectiveness of Bifidobacterium breve B632 and BR03 association in the reduction of infants crying over time. The second endpoint was to observe the effect of the same strains on daily evacuations and on the number of regurgitations and vomits. BACKGROUND: Infant colics represent a clinical condition in childhood, characterized by an uncontrollable crying that occurs without any apparent organic cause. An altered intestinal microbiota composition in the very first months may induce intestinal colics in infants...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Roseriet Beijers, Marianne Riksen-Walraven, Katharina Sebesta, Carolina de Weerth
In this study we examined whether securely versus insecurely attached infants use different regulatory behaviors in absence of their mother and whether these regulatory behaviors are differentially associated with physiological stress responses in secure versus insecure infants. Participants were 193 one-year-olds and their mothers. During three 3-min episodes of separation from the mother in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) [1], the following infant regulatory behaviors were observed: crying, fussing, self-soothing, manipulation of toys, and manipulation of the door...
October 4, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Anshu Chittora, Hemant A Patil
Analysis of infants cries may help in identifying the needs of infants such as hunger, pain, sickness, etc and thereby develop a tool or possible mobile application that can help the parents in monitoring the needs of their infant. Analysis of cries of infants who are suffering from neurologic disorders and severe diseases, which can later on result in motor and mental handicap, may prove helpful in early diagnosis of pathologies and protect infants from such disorders. The development of an infant cry corpus is necessary for the analysis of infant cries and for the development of infant cry tools...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Thao Griffith, Kristin Rankin, Rosemary White-Traut
BACKGROUND: The relationship between behavioral states (alert, sleep, drowsy, and crying) and oral feeding efficiency in preterm infants is not well understood. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between behavioral states and feeding efficiency in preterm infants. METHODS: This correlational study was conducted as a secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial. Medically stable preterm infants born between 29 and 34 weeks' gestational age participated...
September 19, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Fallon Cook, Rebecca Giallo, Zvezdana Petrovic, Amy Coe, Monique Seymour, Warren Cann, Harriet Hiscock
AIM: To examine the relationship between unsettled infant behaviour and fathers' depressive symptoms, cognitions surrounding infant sleep (anger, doubt), and personal sleep, in a community cohort. METHODS: Data were collected from 102 fathers of healthy infants at 4 weeks, 4 months and 6 months of age. Measures included father report of infant sleep and crying problems, depressive symptoms, cognitions about infant sleep and own sleep quality and quantity. Data were analysed using adjusted regression models...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Elena Biagioli, Valentina Tarasco, Carla Lingua, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder in the first months of life, affecting somewhere between 4% and 28% of infants worldwide, depending on geography and definitions used. Although it is self limiting and resolves by four months of age, colic is perceived by parents as a problem that requires action. Pain-relieving agents, such as drugs, sugars and herbal remedies, have been suggested as interventions to reduce crying episodes and severity of symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of pain-relieving agents for reducing colic in infants younger than four months of age...
September 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
T M Alvur, N Cinar, D Kose, O Tiryaki
Characterization of newborn (aged ≤ 28 days) visits to paediatric emergency department (PED). Retrospective study concerning newborns who presented to PED of Sakarya University Maternity and Paediatric Hospital during 2014. We studied the electronic data consisted of admission date, date-of-birth, emergency department diagnosis at discharge (ICD-10 code) and the outcome. A total of 5708 neonates visited PED with an average age of 7.9 ± 5.9 days of age and prevalence of males (56.1%). The major diagnoses were jaundice, respiratory system problems, excessive crying of infant, feeding problems of newborn and prematurity...
February 12, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Ian St James-Roberts, Marion Roberts, Kimberly Hovish, Charlie Owen
: Aim To provide descriptive figures for infant distress and associated parenting at night in normal London home environments during the first three months of age. BACKGROUND: Most western infants develop long night-time sleep periods by four months of age. However, 30% of infants in many countries sleep for short periods and cry out on waking in the night: the most common type of infant sleep behaviour problem. Preventive interventions may help families and improve services...
November 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Fangyuan Ding, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng
This study examined the association between infant facial expressions and parental motivation as well as the interaction between attachment state and expressions. Two-hundred eighteen childless adults (M age = 19.22, 118 males, 100 females) were recruited. Participants completed the Chinese version of the State Adult Attachment Measure and the E-prime test, which comprised three components (a) liking, the specific hedonic experience in reaction to laughing, neutral, and crying infant faces; (b) representational responding, actively seeking infant faces with specific expressions; and (c) evoked responding, actively retaining images of three different infant facial expressions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
E M Leerkes, J Su, S Calkins, V C Henrich, A Smolen
We examined the extent to which the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) and dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) were related to sensitive maternal behavior directly or indirectly via maternal social cognition. Participants were 207 (105 European-American and 102 African-American) mothers and their children (52% females). Sensitive maternal behavior was rated and aggregated across a series of tasks when infants were 6 months, 1 year and 2 years old. At 6 months, mothers were interviewed about their empathy, attributions about infant behavior and beliefs about crying to assess their parenting-related social cognition...
September 1, 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Fatih Ozkaya, Ercument Keskin, Turgut Yapanoglu, Senol Adanur, Tevfik Ziypak, Mehmet Sefa Altay, Yılmaz Aksoy
BACKGROUND: Urethral polyps are rare benign pathologies seen in the male posterior urethra, more frequently originating from verumontanum. In this article, we aimed to discuss diagnosis and treatment of a urethral polyp causing hematuria and urinary infection in a 3-month-old male infant. This is the first case in the literature in which a urethral polyp is treated with Holmium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 3-month-old male infant, and complains were hematuria and crying during micturition...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Faruk Uguz, Nazile Arpaci
OBJECTIVE: Primary pharmacological agents for depression and anxiety disorders are antidepressants, especially selective serotonine reuptake inhibitors. The aim of this study was to examine the features and prevalence of adverse effects of paroxetine and sertraline in breastfed infants. METHODS: The study had a retrospective cohort design. Five-year clinical data of 72 patients were included in the study. Psychiatric diagnoses were ascertained by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...
August 30, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Lina Abou-Abbas, Chakib Tadj, Christian Gargour, Leila Montazeri
This paper addresses the problem of automatic cry signal segmentation for the purposes of infant cry analysis. The main goal is to automatically detect expiratory and inspiratory phases from recorded cry signals. The approach used in this paper is made up of three stages: signal decomposition, features extraction, and classification. In the first stage, short-time Fourier transform, empirical mode decomposition (EMD), and wavelet packet transform have been considered. In the second stage, various set of features have been extracted, and in the third stage, two supervised learning methods, Gaussian mixture models and hidden Markov models, with four and five states, have been discussed as well...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Isabella Mutschler, Tonio Ball, Ursula Kirmse, Birgit Wieckhorst, Michael Pluess, Markus Klarhöfer, Andrea H Meyer, Frank H Wilhelm, Erich Seifritz
Newborns and infants communicate their needs and physiological states through crying and emotional facial expressions. Little is known about individual differences in responding to infant crying. Several theories suggest that people vary in their environmental sensitivity with some responding generally more and some generally less to environmental stimuli. Such differences in environmental sensitivity have been associated with personality traits, including neuroticism. This study investigated whether neuroticism impacts neuronal, physiological, and emotional responses to infant crying by investigating blood-oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) responses using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in a large sample of healthy women (N = 102) with simultaneous skin conductance recordings...
2016: PloS One
G Gokulu, H Bilgen, H Ozdemir, A Sarioz, A Memisoglu, K Gucuyener, E Ozek
AIM: We evaluated the short-term effect of repeated pain exposure on the pain responses of newborn infants using different pain assessment methods, as this area had been under-researched. METHODS: We compared 20 term, large for gestational age infants and 40 term, appropriate for gestational age controls. All had undergone a heel stick for a newborn screening test just before discharge, but the larger babies had also undergone at least other five painful stimuli prior to that...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Marija Boban, Irena Zakarija-Grković
INTRODUCTION: In-hospital formula supplementation is a common practice and has been shown to be a strong determinant of shorter exclusive and any breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reasons for and circumstances in which in-hospital formula supplementation occurs and whether the stated reasons are medically acceptable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted among 342 mother-infant pairs from April to July 2011 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Split, Croatia...
August 22, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Tetsuya Isayama, Hiroko Iwami, Sarah McDonald, Joseph Beyene
IMPORTANCE: Various noninvasive ventilation strategies are used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of preterm infants; however, the best mode is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare 7 ventilation strategies for preterm infants including nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) alone, intubation and surfactant administration followed by immediate extubation (INSURE), less invasive surfactant administration (LISA), noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation, nebulized surfactant administration, surfactant administration via laryngeal mask airway, and mechanical ventilation...
August 9, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Chinonyerem Ashley Pace
Infantile colic is a self-limiting condition characterized by recurrent, prolonged periods of intense crying in an inconsolable infant. The etiology is unknown although many hypotheses have been proposed. Colic can be very frustrating for parents to deal with, thus it is important to provide reassurance and resources. Also, there are therapeutic interventions available that have shown some efficacy in reducing the symptoms of colic, but more evidence is needed to support their use.
August 15, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Hesam Farsaie Alaie, Lina Abou-Abbas, Chakib Tadj
Traditional studies of infant cry signals focus more on non-pathology-based classification of infants. In this paper, we introduce a noninvasive health care system that performs acoustic analysis of unclean noisy infant cry signals to extract and measure certain cry characteristics quantitatively and classify healthy and sick newborn infants according to only their cries. In the conduct of this newborn cry-based diagnostic system, the dynamic MFCC features along with static Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) are selected and extracted for both expiratory and inspiratory cry vocalizations to produce a discriminative and informative feature vector...
March 2016: Speech Communication
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