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Infant crying

Asmir Gračanin, Lauren M Bylsma, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
Producing emotional tears is a universal and uniquely human behavior. Until recently, tears have received little serious attention from scientists. Here, we summarize recent theoretical developments and research findings. The evolutionary approach offers a solid ground for the analysis of the functions of tears. This is especially the case for infant crying, which we address in the first part of this contribution. We further elaborate on the antecedents and (intra- and interpersonal) functions of emotional tears in adults...
March 20, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Deedee R Kommers, Sophie E M Truijens, S Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Victor J M Pop
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between antenatal mother-infant bonding scores and maternal reports of infant crying behaviour. BACKGROUND: Crying is normal behaviour and it is important for parent-infant bonding. Even though bonding starts antenatally, the relation between antenatal bonding scores and infant crying behaviour has never been studied. METHOD: A secondary analysis was performed on data that were gathered in a large prospective study within our region...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
M Hariharan, R Sindhu, Vikneswaran Vijean, Haniza Yazid, Thiyagar Nadarajaw, Sazali Yaacob, Kemal Polat
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Infant cry signal carries several levels of information about the reason for crying (hunger, pain, sleepiness and discomfort) or the pathological status (asphyxia, deaf, jaundice, premature condition and autism, etc.) of an infant and therefore suited for early diagnosis. In this work, combination of wavelet packet based features and Improved Binary Dragonfly Optimization based feature selection method was proposed to classify the different types of infant cry signals...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Monique Maute, Sonja Perren
Ignoring children's bedtime crying (ICBC) is an issue that polarizes parents as well as pediatricians. While most studies have focused on the effectiveness of sleep interventions, no study has yet questioned which parents use ICBC. Parents often find children's sleep difficulties to be very challenging, but factors such as the influence of Western approaches to infant care, stress, and sensitivity have not been analyzed in terms of ICBC. A sample of 586 parents completed a questionnaire to investigate the relationships between parental factors and the method of ICBC...
February 28, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
Various interventions were observed to reduce pain following vaccination in children. This study is a network meta-analysis comparing pharmacological interventions. Electronic databases were searched for appropriate randomized controlled clinical trials comparing active pharmacological agents to reduce pain following vaccination or intramuscular injection in neonates, infants, or children. Pain score was the primary outcome measure. Random effects model was used for generating pooled estimates. A total of 23 studies were included in the network meta-analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Jerome Kagan
This paper describes the contribution of two infant temperamental biases to variation in behaviour and biology over the first 18 years in a sample of middle-class Caucasian children. One bias, called high reactive, is defined by frequent display of limb activity and crying in four-month-old infants to unexpected or unfamiliar events. The other, called low reactive, is defined by the opposite pair of behaviours to the same incentives. High reactive infants are likely to display cautious, avoidant responses and signs of an excitable amygdala to unexpected experiences...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Linan Zeng, Jinhui Tian, Fujian Song, Wenrui Li, Lucan Jiang, Ge Gui, Yang Zhang, Long Ge, Jing Shi, Xin Sun, Dezhi Mu, Lingli Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Two reviewers independently selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of postnatal corticosteroids in preterm infants. A Bayesian network meta-analysis and subgroup analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 47 RCTs with 6747 participants...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
James McGann, Jaqueline Manohar, Harriet Hiscock, Denise O'Connor, Jan Hodgson, Franz Babl, Valerie Sung
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and enablers influencing the uptake of two recommendations from a tertiary paediatric hospital's clinical practice guidelines by maternal and child health nurses (MCHNs) and emergency department (ED) doctors: (i) explaining normal crying; and (ii) avoiding attributing crying to gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and limiting anti-reflux medication use. METHODS: The study was designed as 1-h focus group discussions, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework, and a short questionnaire, with a purposive sample of MCHNs and ED doctors in Victoria, Australia in (March to September) 2015...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sarah V Duzinski, Luis M Guevara, Amanda N Barczyk, Nilda M Garcia, Jane L Cassel, Karla A Lawson
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate participants' knowledge of and intent to share key messages of the Period of PURPLE Crying abusive head trauma prevention program among a majority Spanish-speaking population. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of a postintervention survey administered in the perinatal unit of a community birthing hospital. Surveys were administered to mothers of newborns by perinatal nurses as part of routine process evaluation prior to hospital discharge between May 30, 2014, and May 15, 2015...
January 1, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Eiki Kimura, Chiharu Tohyama
Mammalian attachment behaviors, such as crying, are essential for infant survival by receiving food, protection, and warmth from caregivers. Ultrasonic vocalization (USV) of infant rodents functions to promote maternal proximity. Impaired USV emission has been reported in mouse models of autism spectrum disorder, suggesting that USV is associated with higher brain function. In utero and lactational dioxin exposure is known to induce higher brain function abnormalities in adulthood; however, whether perinatal dioxin exposure affects behavior during infancy is unclear...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Silvio Tafuri, Valentina Rizzo, Maria Serena Gallone, Paola Mastromarino, Daniela Capobianco, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Manuela Capozza, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the effectiveness and the safety of a probiotic-mixture (Vivomixx ® , Visbiome ® , DeSimone Formulation ® ; Danisco-DuPont, Madison, WI, USA) for the treatment of infantile colic in breastfed infants, compared with a placebo. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in exclusively breastfed infants with colic, randomly assigned to receive a probiotic-mixture or a placebo for 21 days. A structured diary of gastrointestinal events of the infants was given to the parents to complete...
February 10, 2018: Nutrients
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasingly diagnosed and causes great distress in the first year of infancy. In New South Wales (NSW), residential parenting services support families with early parenting difficulties. These services report a large number of babies admitted with a label of GOR/GORD. The aim of this study was to explore the maternal and infant characteristics, obstetric interventions, and reasons for clinical reporting of GOR/GORD in NSW in the first 12 months following birth (2000-2011)...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Pamela Douglas, Donna Geddes
BACKGROUND: breastfeeding optimises health outcomes for both mothers and infants. Although most women want to breastfeed, they report commencing infant formula because of nipple pain, unsettled infant behaviour, and infant growth concerns. To date, existing approaches to fit and hold ('latch and positioning') have been demonstrated not to help breastfeeding outcomes, and women report widespread dissatisfaction with the quality of support and conflicting advice they receive. Breast and nipple pain, difficulty with latching and sucking, fussing at the breast, back-arching, marathon feeds, excessively frequent feeds, poor weight gain, breast refusal, and crying due to poor satiety often signal suboptimal positional instability and impaired milk transfer, but may be misdiagnosed as medical conditions...
March 2018: Midwifery
Sandra Cristina de Alvarenga, Denise Silveira de Castro, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Telma Ribeiro Garcia, Marcos Antônio Gomes Brandão, Cândida Caniçali Primo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Nursing diagnostic accuracy measures and to propose a model to use defining characteristics in order to judge the nursing diagnosis of ineffective breastfeeding. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 73 binomials mom-child hospitalized in a maternity ward of an University Hospital, from July to August of 2014. RESULTS: The diagnostic predominance rate was 58.9%. The characteristics that best meet the needs of logistic regression model were: discontinuance of breast sucking; infant's inability of seizing the areola-nipple region correctly; infant's crying one hour after breastfeeding and inappropriate milk supply perceived...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Gordan Grahovac, Tatiana Pundy, Tadanori Tomita
OBJECTIVES: Chiari I malformation has been a well-recognized clinical entity; however, its occurrence among infants and toddlers is unusual. Their clinical presentations may be different from other age groups due to their lack of effective verbal communication. The authors analyze their personal series of patients focusing on symptomatology and MRI characteristics. Treatment methods, results, and outcome are analyzed in order to identify appropriate surgical management among infants and toddlers with Chiari I malformation...
February 2, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Sarah Cristina Fontes Vieira, Flavia Matos Gurgel, Maria Zuleide Leão, Tiê Emídio Costa-Silva, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho, Mário C Vieira, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management of gastroesophageal reflux in children among Brazilian pediatricians and adherence to the 2009 North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN), and European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline in Brazil. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted, applying a standard questionnaire with 12 questions about gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) management in infants, children, and adolescents to the pediatricians during the 37th Brazilian Pediatrics Congress in October, 2015...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Michael Obladen
Infant baptism originated when St. Augustine proclaimed the doctrine of original sin in 412 CE. Neonates stillborn or deceased before baptism were declared to go down to Hell and were buried outside of sacred ground. From the 15th century, parents carried these infants to "respite sanctuaries" in remote mountain chapels, where miraculous images were believed to revive the infant in order to allow baptism and a Christian burial. Monasteries made fortunes out of the parents' anguish. In 1528, the abuse of the Oberbüren image ignited iconoclasm and heralded the beginning of the Reformation...
January 26, 2018: Neonatology
Pedro Gutiérrez-Castrellón, Flavia Indrio, Alexis Bolio-Galvis, Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez, Irma Jimenez-Escobar, Gabriel López-Velázquez
BACKGROUND: 5% to 40% of infants cry excessively, usually accompanied by fussiness and excessive of gas. There are no uniform criteria for treatment of infantile colic. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 has been used with promising results. The objective of this network-meta-analysis (NMA) is to compare the efficacy of L reuteri DSM 17938 with other interventions for infantile colic. METHODS: RCTs, published between 1960 and 2015 for the treatment of infantile colic were included...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dawn Carnes, Austin Plunkett, Julie Ellwood, Clare Miles
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to assess the effect of manual therapy interventions for healthy but unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants and to provide information to help clinicians and parents inform decisions about care. METHODS: We reviewed published peer-reviewed primary research articles in the last 26 years from nine databases (Medline Ovid, Embase, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Osteopathic Medicine Digital Repository , Cochrane (all databases), Index of Chiropractic Literature, Open Access Theses and Dissertations and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
M E M Vester, R A C Bilo, H G T Nijs, R R van Rijn
We present two cases of infants who died under suspicious circumstances. After clinical and legal investigations, non-accidental constrictive asphyxia inflicted by one of the parents was established. The first case presents a to date not yet reported, unique mechanism of trauma. In order to stop his daughter from crying, the father admitted that he sometimes sat on his baby while she was lying on the bed. Occasionally increasing his force by pulling with his hands on the bottom of the bed. In the second case tight swaddling and encircling chest compression was the causative mechanism...
January 10, 2018: Forensic Science International
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