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Infant crying

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917387/affective-reactivity-to-cry-sounds-predicts-young-women-s-reactivity-and-behavior-in-a-simulated-caregiving-task
#1
Gwen E Gustafson, Jennifer B Bisson, Jillian M MacDonald, James A Green
Different populations of adults (experienced vs. inexperienced caregivers, men vs. women, abusive vs. nonabusive parents, etc.) have been reported to differ in their affective reactions to the sounds of infant crying. These differences are thought to impact caregiving behavior and, in some instances, to affect long-term outcomes for infants. There can be great intra-group variation, however, even when group differences are significant; modeling developmental process will require a finer grained approach. We have undertaken a pair of studies intended to validate the Negative Affect Scale (NA) from the PANAS as a measure of individuals' affective reactivity to cry sounds...
September 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900745/systematic-review-on-maternal-depression-versus-anxiety-in-relation-to-excessive-infant-crying-it-is-all-about-the-timing
#2
REVIEW
Johanna Petzoldt
Different types of studies suggest a link between maternal depression/anxiety and excessive infant crying (EC). However, comparability is hampered due to different designs, definitions and measurements. This systematic review investigates the specific role of maternal depression and anxiety considering them as preceding, concurrent and subsequent conditions of EC. A computerised literature search was conducted in January 2017 using Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science. After screening n = 399 records for inclusion/exclusion criteria, n = 33 records based on n = 30 projects were eligible for systematic qualitative data synthesis...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894218/lactate-utilizing-community-is-associated-with-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-colicky-infants
#3
Van T Pham, Christophe Lacroix, Christian P Braegger, Christophe Chassard
The aetiology of colic, a functional gastrointestinal disorder in infants, is not yet resolved. Different mechanisms have been suggested involving the gut microbiota and intermediate metabolites such as lactate. Lactate can be metabolized by lactate-utilizing bacteria (LUB) to form different end-products. Using a functional approach, we hypothesized that H2 production and accumulation by LUB is associated with the development of colic. The LUB communities in the feces of forty infants, including eight colicky infants, were characterized using a combination of culture- and molecular-based methods, and metabolite concentrations were measured by HPLC...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879564/the-effect-of-breathing-on-ductus-arteriosus-blood-flow-directly-after-birth
#4
Jeroen J van Vonderen, Arno A W Roest, Frans J C Klumper, Stuart B Hooper, Arjan B Te Pas
Spontaneous breathing at birth influences ductus arteriosus (DA) flow. This study quantifies the effect of breathing on DA shunting directly after birth. In healthy term infants born by elective cesarean section, simultaneous measurements of DA shunting and tidal volumes during spontaneous breathing were performed at 2-5, 5-8, and 10-13 min after birth. Eight infants with a mean (SD) gestational age of 40 (1) weeks and 3216 (616) grams were studied. Inspiratory tidal volume was 5.8 (3.3-7.7), 5.7 (4.0-7.1), and 5...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869923/infant-maternal-and-familial-predictors-and-correlates-of-regulatory-problems-in-early-infancy-the-differential-role-of-infant-temperament-and-maternal-anxiety-and-depression
#5
Julia Martini, Johanna Petzoldt, Susanne Knappe, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, feeding and sleeping problems are likely to emerge from the complex interplay of various factors. AIMS: To investigate the role of infant (e.g., temperament), maternal (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders), and familial (e.g., social support) factors as potential precursors of infant regulatory problems. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective-longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: 286 mother-infant dyads were investigated from early pregnancy until 16 months postpartum via questionnaires and interviews...
September 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856907/to-add-or-not-to-add-probiotics-to-infant-formulae-an-updated-systematic-review
#6
A Skórka, M Pieścik-Lech, M Kołodziej, H Szajewska
We updated evidence on the effects of the administration of probiotic-supplemented infant formulae (IF) compared with unsupplemented IF. Five databases were searched up to September 2016 for randomised controlled trials. Twenty publications were identified, including five new RCTs. Supplementation of IF with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12, either alone or with Streptococcus thermophilus, had no effect on growth, respiratory illness, antibiotic use, stool frequency or consistency. However, there was a significant reduction in the number of episodes of gastrointestinal infections (Bb12) and a lower frequency of colic or irritability (when both strains were used)...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842813/crying-infant
#7
REVIEW
Javed Ismail, Karthi Nallasamy
Excessive crying is a common complaint in young infants, especially in those less than 3 mo of age. Altered circadian rhythm, immaturity of central nervous system and alteration of intestinal microbiota are some of the proposed mechanisms for this problem. Although it is commonly benign, crying can be the only clinical manifestation of many serious underlying illnesses, thus warranting careful clinical examination for ruling out organic causes. Urgent care clinics are best suited for evaluation and treatment of benign etiologies and promptly referring children with red flags to an emergency department...
August 26, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830625/testosterone-reactivity-to-infant-crying-and-caregiving-in-women-the-role-of-oral-contraceptives-and-basal-cortisol
#8
A Voorthuis, M J Bakermans-Kranenburg, M H van IJzendoorn
Several studies have shown that mothers and fathers have significant lower levels of testosterone (T) than non-mothers and non-fathers, and that in men caregiving is related to a decrease in T. To date, only a few studies have examined T in women. We examined T reactivity to a crying infant simulator in 160 women. Use of oral contraceptives (OC), basal cortisol (CORT) levels and childhood experiences of maternal love withdrawal were taken into account. T levels were consistently significantly higher in women not using OC...
August 19, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821313/the-influence-of-the-position-of-palmitate-in-infant-formula-triacylglycerols-on-health-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
The purpose of this review is to discuss recent studies reporting on the influence of the position of palmitic acid in triacylglycerols in infant formula and relevant animal studies. Earlier experiments in rodents show that a diet with a higher proportion of palmitate at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols improves dietary fat and calcium absorption compared with a diet with a lower sn-2 palmitate content. A high-sn-2 palmitate diet increased fecal short-chain fatty acids, reduced gut inflammation in a colitis model, and altered tissue endocannabinoid concentrations in laboratory rodents...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779961/the-effect-of-swaddling-on-pain-vital-signs-and-crying-duration-during-heel-lance-in-newborns
#10
Zeynep Erkut, Suzan Yildiz
To determine the effect of swaddling on pain, vital signs, and crying duration during heel lance in the newborn. This was a randomized controlled study of 74 (control: 37, experiment: 37) newborns born between December 2013 and February 2014 at the Ministry of Health Bagcılar Training and Research Hospital. An information form, observation form, and Neonatal Infant Pain Scale were used as data collection tools. Data from the pain scores, peak heart rates, oxygen saturation, total crying time, and duration of the procedure were collected using a video camera...
August 2, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748210/dataset-on-genetic-and-physiological-adults-responses-to-social-distress
#11
Andrea Bonassi, Tommaso Ghilardi, Anna Truzzi, Ilaria Cataldo, Atiqah Azhari, Peipei Setoh, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Gianluca Esposito
Both expectations towards interactions with conspecifics, and genetic predispositions, affect adults׳ social behaviors. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we report data to investigate the interaction between genetic factors, (oxytocin receptor (OXTR) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms), and adult interactional patterns in shaping physiological responses to social distress. During the presentation of distress vocalizations (cries of human female, infants and bonobos) we assessed participants׳ (N = 42 males) heart rate (HR) and peripheral nose temperature, which index state of arousal and readiness to action...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731660/-excessive-crying-in-infants-in-the-first-months-of-life-review
#12
REVIEW
Patricio Kenny
Cry-fuss problems are among the most common clinical presentations in the first few months of life. Cry-fuss behaviour emerges out of a complex interplay of cultural, psychosocial, environmental and biologic factors, with organic disturbance implicated in only 5% of cases. A holistic biopsychosocial approach can be most effective. This article reviews recent evidence to update clinical management, and will attempt to reconceptualize infant colic definition.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730134/innovative-dietary-intervention-answers-to-baby-colic
#13
Ioannis Xinias, A Analitis, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Roilides, Maria Lykogeorgou, Varvara Delivoria, Vasilis Milingos, Mayra Mylonopoulou, Yvan Vandenplas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of a lactose- reduced synbiotic partial whey hydrolysate in formula fed infants presenting with colic and the impact of this dietary intervention in mean crying time and quality of life. METHODS: Forty infants with infantile colic were treated during one month with parental reassurance and the intervention formula (partial whey hydrolysate, reduced lactose, Bifidobacterium lactis BB12 and galacto-oligosaccharides) and were compared to a control group of 20 infants with infantile colic treated with parental reassurance and a standard infant formula...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729328/comparative-safety-of-antiepileptic-drugs-for-neurological-development-in-children-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#14
Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Patricia Rios, Elise Cogo, Sharon E Straus, Yaron Finkelstein, Ryan Kealey, Emily Reynen, Charlene Soobiah, Kednapa Thavorn, Brian Hutton, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Fatemeh Yazdi, Jennifer D'Souza, Heather MacDonald, Andrea C Tricco
OBJECTIVES: Compare the safety of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on neurodevelopment of infants/children exposed in utero or during breast feeding. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and Bayesian random-effects network meta-analysis (NMA). MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until 27 April 2017. Screening, data abstraction and quality appraisal were completed in duplicate by independent reviewers. PARTICIPANTS: 29 cohort studies including 5100 infants/children...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722763/isolated-drainage-of-right-superior-vena-cava-into-left-atrium-a%C3%A2-rare-etiology-of-childhood-central-cyanosis
#15
Shaimaa Rakha, Mohamed-Magdy Abuelkheir, Mohamed-Adel F Elgamal
Isolated right superior vena cava drainage into the left atrium (RSVC-LA) is an extremely rare anomaly in the absence of other cardiac or extracardiac abnormalities. The clinical and echocardiographic diagnosis is considered challenging. We report a female infant with cyanosis on crying who was diagnosed as isolated RSVC-LA using conventional and contrast echocardiography, but further confirmation was possible via multidetector CT. The surgical correction was performed with smooth postoperative recovery. In conclusion, isolated RSVC-LA must be in the differential diagnosis of cyanosis in the absence of intracardiac anomalies...
July 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721046/brain-metabolite-values-in-children-with-breath-holding-spells
#16
Mustafa Calik, Dilek Sen Dokumaci, Suna Sarikaya, Mahmut Demir, Ilhan Isik, Halil Kazanasmaz, Cemil Kaya, Hasan Kandemir
Breath-holding spells are benign, paroxysmal events with apnea and postural tone changes after a crying episode in infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the pathologies in brain metabolite values in the absence of seizure in children with breath-holding spells by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Brain MRS examination was performed on 18 children with breath-holding spells and 13 neurologically normal children who were included as the control group. There was no significant difference in terms of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr), and myoinositol (mI) levels and also in terms of NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, and mI/Cr ratios between the patients and the control group (all P>0...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711768/distressed-yet-empathically-sensitive-preschoolers-responses-to-infant-crying
#17
Hung-Chu Lin, Michelle Grisham
Using a simulated long bout of progressively intense infant crying, this study demonstrated that preschoolers responded with infant-oriented empathic concern and helping actions despite evidence of self-focused distress. Preschoolers' helping actions were predicted by the interaction between empathic concern and cognitive inquiry.
July 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685899/prevention-and-recognition-of-abusive-head-trauma-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-vietnam
#18
Jennifer A Fraser, Tara Flemington, Thi Ngoc Diep Doan, Minh Tu Van Hoang, Thi Le Binh Doan, Manh Tuan Ha
AIM: This study presents results from an intervention designed to improve identification and response to abusive head trauma in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Vietnam. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen healthcare professionals (paediatric medical and nursing staff) completed a clinical training programme and participated in its evaluation. A pre-post-test and follow-up design was used to evaluate the outcomes. Questionnaires were used to collect data prior to training, at six weeks and at six months...
July 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685155/parenting-the-crying-infant
#19
Debra M Zeifman, Ian St James-Roberts
Crying conveys evidence about an infant's state and neurological health which, when carefully assessed, can provide diagnostic information for parents and clinicians. When crying is inconsolable or judged to be excessive, it can stress parents, disrupt parenting and, in rare cases, place an infant at risk for abuse. Research has revealed physiological and neural responses to crying that may predispose some adults to maltreat infants. Although this work suggests that parental vulnerabilities contribute to insensitive or aggressive reactions, there is a growing recognition that exposure to large doses of crying may be a challenge for all adults...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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