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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#1
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169158/maternal-singing-of-lullabies-during-pregnancy-and-after-birth-effects-on-mother-infant-bonding-and-on-newborns-behaviour-concurrent-cohort-study
#3
Giuseppina Persico, Laura Antolini, Patrizia Vergani, Walter Costantini, Maria Teresa Nardi, Lidia Bellotti
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is of great importance for the development and the well-being of the baby. The aim of this Concurrent Cohort Study was to investigate the effects of mothers singing lullabies on bonding, newborns' behaviour and maternal stress. METHODS: Eighty-three (singing cohort) and 85 (concurrent cohort) women were recruited at antenatal classes at 24 weeks g.a. and followed up to 3 months after birth. The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) were used to assess maternal-foetal attachment and postnatal bonding...
February 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161387/intranasal-oxytocin-but-not-vasopressin-augments-neural-responses-to-toddlers-in-human-fathers
#4
Ting Li, Xu Chen, Jennifer Mascaro, Ebrahim Haroon, James K Rilling
This study investigates paternal brain function with the hope of better understanding the neural basis for variation in caregiving involvement among men. The neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are implicated in paternal caregiving in humans and other species. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject pharmaco-functional MRI experiment, we randomized 30 fathers of 1-2year old children to receive either 24IU intranasal OT before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15) or 20IU intranasal AVP before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15)...
February 1, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160271/topical-anaesthesia-for-needle-related-pain-in-newborn-infants
#5
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Christine Taylor, Kaye Spence
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised newborn neonates frequently undergo painful invasive procedures that involve penetration of the skin and other tissues by a needle. One intervention that can be used prior to a needle insertion procedure is application of a topical local anaesthetic. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical anaesthetics such as amethocaine and EMLA in newborn term or preterm infants requiring an invasive procedure involving puncture of skin and other tissues with a needle...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140403/medical-history-of-discordant-twins-and-environmental-etiologies-of-autism
#6
C Willfors, T Carlsson, B-M Anderlid, A Nordgren, E Kostrzewa, S Berggren, A Ronald, R Kuja-Halkola, K Tammimies, S Bölte
The environmental contributions to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their informative content for diagnosing the condition are still largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between early medical events and ASD, as well as autistic traits, in twins, to test the hypothesis of a cumulative environmental effect on ASD risk. A total of 80 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs (including a rare sample of 13 twin pairs discordant for clinical ASD) and 46 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs with varying autistic traits, were examined for intra-pair differences in early medical events (for example, obstetric and neonatal factors, first year infections)...
January 31, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138338/categorizing-the-cries-of-infants-with-asd-versus-typically-developing-infants-a-study-of-adult-accuracy-and-reaction-time
#7
M H Bornstein, K Costlow, A Truzzi, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: The cries of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contain atypical acoustic features. The cries of typically developing infants elicit automatic adult responses, but little is known about how the atypical cries of children with ASD affect the speed with which adults process them. METHOD: We used a reaction time (RT) categorical task to analyze adults' categorization of typically developing cries, atypical (ASD) cries, mammalian animal cries, and environmental noise control sounds...
November 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135348/association-of-a-postnatal-parent-education-program-for-abusive-head-trauma-with-subsequent-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-hospitalization-rates
#8
Mark S Dias, Carroll M Rottmund, Kelly M Cappos, Marie E Reed, Ming Wang, Christina Stetter, Michele L Shaffer, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Ian M Paul, Cindy W Christian, Rachel P Berger, Joanne Klevens
Importance: Studies suggest that a postnatal parental intervention may reduce the incidence of abusive head trauma (AHT) of infants and young children. Objective: To assess the effect of statewide universal AHT education for parents on AHT hospitalization rates in Pennsylvania and on parents' self-reported knowledge gains and parenting behaviors. Design, Setting, and Participants: Changes in AHT hospitalization rates in Pennsylvania before and during the intervention were compared with those in 5 other states lacking universal parental AHT education during the same period...
January 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114795/efficacy-and-safety-of-apt198k-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-colic-a-pilot-study
#9
Yvan Vandenplas, Anca Bacarea, Marius Marusteri, Vlad Bacarea, Mariana Constantin, Mihai Manolache
AIM: Comparing efficacy and safety of APT198K (xyloglucan plus heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri SGL01 and Bifidobacterium brevis SGB01) versus a lactase dietary supplement as first-line treatment of infantile colic. METHODS: Randomized, multicenter, open-label, parallel group, active-controlled study, in 46 infants aged 3-16 weeks with infantile colic, receiving APT198K or a lactase dietary supplement for 10 days. RESULTS: Number and duration of crying episodes decreased significantly versus baseline in both groups...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110270/assessment-of-neonatal-pain-during-heel-prick-lancet-vs-needle-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Carl Britto, Suman P N Rao
BACKGROUND: Heel prick is a frequent painful procedure in newborns. A lancet or a 26-gauge needle is used for a heel prick in India. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain caused by heel prick with a lancet or a 26-gauge needle in newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using the preterm infant pain profile (PIPP). METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted over 2 months in a Level III NICU with a sample size of 40 subjects (20 in each group), which was required for the study to have a power of 80% with an alpha error of 0...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093383/effect-of-minimal-acupuncture-for-infantile-colic-a-multicentre-three-armed-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-acu-col
#11
Kajsa Landgren, Inger Hallström
BACKGROUND: Evidence for treating infantile colic with acupuncture is contradictory. AIM: To evaluate and compare the effect of two types of acupuncture versus no acupuncture in infants with colic in public child health centres (CHCs). METHODS: A multicentre, randomised controlled, single-blind, three-armed trial (ACU-COL) comparing two styles of acupuncture with no acupuncture, as an adjunct to standard care, was conducted. Among 426 infants whose parents sought help for colic and registered their child's fussing/crying in a diary, 157 fulfilled the criteria for colic and 147 started the intervention...
January 16, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059619/comparison-of-iatrogenic-pain-between-rotavirus-vaccination-before-and-after-vaccine-injection-in-2-month-old-infants
#12
Hui-Chu Yin, Whei-Mei Shih, Hsiu-Lan Lee, Huei-Jing Yang, Yu-Li Chen, Shao-Wen Cheng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hao Weng
Oral rotavirus vaccine (RV) administration in conjunction with other injectable vaccines has been used worldwide. However, whether the sequence of RV administration is associated with the reduction of injection-induced pain remains unclear. In this randomized controlled trial, we enrolled 6-12-wk-old healthy infants. The pain response of the infants was scored on the basis of their crying, irritability, facial expression, gagging and distress. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to compare the pain response after adjustment for possible confounders...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051876/efficacy-of-breastfeeding-on-babies-pain-during-vaccinations
#13
Münevver Erkul, Emine Efe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled experimental study was to evaluate the effect of breastfeeding on the pain of babies during vaccination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of the study consisted of 100 babies who complied with the sampling criteria between July and November 2012. The babies breastfed from their mothers 5 minutes before, during, and after the vaccine injections. The Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), duration of crying, heart rate, and oxygen saturation were evaluated before, during, and after the vaccine injections...
January 4, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046020/response-to-infant-cry-in-clinically-depressed-and-non-depressed-mothers
#14
Gianluca Esposito, Nanmathi Manian, Anna Truzzi, Marc H Bornstein
BACKGROUND: Bowlby and Ainsworth hypothesized that maternal responsiveness is displayed in the context of infant distress. Depressed mothers are less responsive to infant distress vocalizations (cry) than non-depressed mothers. The present study focuses on acoustical components of infant cry that give rise to responsive caregiving in clinically depressed (n = 30) compared with non-depressed mothers (n = 30) in the natural setting of the home. METHODS: Analyses of infant and mother behaviors followed three paths: (1) tests of group differences in acoustic characteristics of infant cry, (2) tests of group differences of mothers' behaviors during their infant's crying, and (3) tree-based modeling to ascertain which variable(s) best predict maternal behaviors during infant cry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045886/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#15
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990422/premature-destruction-of-microbubbles-during-voiding-urosonography-in-children-and-possible-underlying-mechanisms-post-hoc-analysis-from-the-prospective-study
#16
Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Swieton, Dorota Rybczynska, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Edyta Szurowska, Menno Pruijm
The aim of this study is to describe premature microbubbles destruction with contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ce-VUS) in children using 2nd-generation ultrasound contrast agents (UCA) and to hypothesize about the reason. 141 children (61 females and 80 males) were included in the study, with mean age of 3.3 years (range 4 weeks-16.0 years), who underwent ce-VUS examination between 2011 and 2014. Premature destruction of the microbubbles in the urinary bladder during ce-VUS was observed in 11 children (7...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986905/sweet-solutions-to-reduce-procedural-pain-in-neonates-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Catherine Larocque, Mariana Bueno, Yehudis Stokes, Lucy Turner, Brian Hutton, Bonnie Stevens
CONTEXT: Abundant evidence of sweet taste analgesia in neonates exists, yet placebo-controlled trials continue to be conducted. OBJECTIVE: To review all trials evaluating sweet solutions for analgesia in neonates and to conduct cumulative meta-analyses (CMAs) on behavioral pain outcomes. DATA SOURCES: (1) Data from 2 systematic reviews of sweet solutions for newborns; (2) searches ending 2015 of CINAHL, Medline, Embase, and psychINFO. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors screened studies for inclusion, conducted risk-of-bias ratings, and extracted behavioral outcome data for CMAs...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974522/automatic-facial-mimicry-in-response-to-dynamic-emotional-stimuli-in-five-month-old-infants
#18
Tomoko Isomura, Tamami Nakano
Human adults automatically mimic others' emotional expressions, which is believed to contribute to sharing emotions with others. Although this behaviour appears fundamental to social reciprocity, little is known about its developmental process. Therefore, we examined whether infants show automatic facial mimicry in response to others' emotional expressions. Facial electromyographic activity over the corrugator supercilii (brow) and zygomaticus major (cheek) of four- to five-month-old infants was measured while they viewed dynamic clips presenting audiovisual, visual and auditory emotions...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910234/luminal-contents-from-the-gut-of-colicky-infants-induce-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-mice
#19
H Eutamène, C L Garcia-Rodenas, S Yvon, E d'Aldebert, F Foata, B Berger, J Sauser, V Theodorou, G Bergonzelli, E Mas
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of infantile colic is poorly understood, though various studies report gut microbiota dysbiosis in colicky infants. We aimed to test the hypothesis that colic-related dysbiosis is associated with visceral hypersensitivity triggered by an altered luminal milieu. METHODS: Fecal samples from seven colicky and seven non-colicky infants were studied. Fecal supernatants (FS) were infused into the colons of C57/Bl6 mice (n=10/specimen). Visceral sensitivity was subsequently assessed in the animals by recording their abdominal muscle response to colorectal distension (CRD) by electromyography (EMG)...
December 1, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884462/dual-neural-network-model-for-the-evolution-of-speech-and-language
#20
REVIEW
Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Explaining the evolution of speech and language poses one of the biggest challenges in biology. We propose a dual network model that posits a volitional articulatory motor network (VAMN) originating in the prefrontal cortex (PFC; including Broca's area) that cognitively controls vocal output of a phylogenetically conserved primary vocal motor network (PVMN) situated in subcortical structures. By comparing the connections between these two systems in human and nonhuman primate brains, we identify crucial biological preadaptations in monkeys for the emergence of a language system in humans...
December 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
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