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Obstetric fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695344/genital-tract-fistula-a-case-series-from-a-tertiary-centre-in-south-africa
#1
Thinagrin Dhasarathun Naidoo, Jagidesa Moodley, Saloshni Naidoo
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We describe the demographic profile, aetiology, management and surgical outcomes in women with genital tract fistula presenting to a tertiary urogynaecology unit. METHODS: This retrospective audit included 87 patients managed in our unit between 2008 and 2015. Frequencies and means with standard deviations are presented for categorical and continuous data. Continuous dependent variables are categorized as above or below the median for bivariate analyses performed using the chi-squared test (α = 0...
July 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688109/root-causes-and-social-consequences-of-birth-injuries-in-western-uganda
#2
Jennifer N Angell, Priscilla Busingye, Gabriel Y-K Ganyaglo, Cheryl A Moyer
Incontinence-inducing delivery injuries, such as obstetric fistula and anal-sphincter tears, are devastating sequelae of prolonged and obstructed labor, and can only be repaired through surgery. Such injuries are most prevalent in settings where delays and limitations in accessing emergency obstetric services are common [1, 2]. The 2011 Demographic and Health Survey of Uganda [3] estimated that 2% of Ugandan women have experienced obstetric fistula and resulting trans-vaginal urine or fecal incontinence. This article is protected by copyright...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673871/rectal-shaving-using-plasma-energy-in-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-four-years-of-experience
#3
Noémie Marty, Salma Touleimat, Salwa Moatassim-Drissa, Jenny Claude Millochau, Aurélie Vallee, Emanuela Stochino Loi, Eulalie Desnyder, Horace Roman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative complications, digestive function and fertility outcomes in patients managed by rectal shaving using plasma energy in deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum. DESIGN: A single center retrospective cohort study using data prospectively recorded, including patients managed from December 2012 to December 2016. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTINGS: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Rouen University Hospital (France)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658528/continent-versus-incontinent-diversion-for-obstetric-fistula
#4
M A Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650528/urinary-diversions-in-low-resource-settings
#5
Jeffrey P Wilkinson
Obstetric fistula is a devastating consequence of poorly attended childbirth which occurs almost exclusively in low resource settings. Most women with fistula can be cured or significantly improved by one or more vaginal surgeries. The last resort for women with otherwise incurable obstetric fistula is urinary diversion. The ileal conduit urinary diversion was the procedure considered by the authors of the accompanying article (Walker et al BJOG). Under optimal conditions, any urinary diversion is fraught with numerous potential risks...
June 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#6
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600757/obstetric-fistula-in-niger-6-month-postoperative-follow-up-of-384-patients-from-the-danja-fistula-center
#7
Itengre Ouedraogo, Christopher Payne, Rahel Nardos, Avril J Adelman, L Lewis Wall
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The impoverished West African country of Niger has high rates of obstetric fistula. We report a 6-month postoperative follow-up of 384 patients from the Danja Fistula Center and assess factors associated with operative success or failure. METHODS: The medical records of 384 women who had completed a 6-month follow-up after fistula surgery were reviewed. Cases were categorized as "easy," "of intermediate complexity," or "difficult" based on a preoperative points system...
June 9, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581683/the-effect-of-early-pregnancy-on-the-formation-of-obstetric-fistula
#8
Andrew Browning, Frederick Mbise, Phil Foden
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of early pregnancy on obstetric fistula. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted among patients with obstetric fistula caused by a long obstructed labor who presented at Selian Lutheran Hospital, Tanzania, or Kitovu Hospital, Uganda, between January 1, 2015, and January 31, 2016. Demographic and clinical variables were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 270 patients, 162 (60.0%) experienced their first pregnancy up to 2 years after menarche (early group) and 108 (40...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574159/bladder-spasm-following-urogenital-fistula-repair
#9
Kenneth C Ekwedigwe, Maradona E Isikhuemen, Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Emmanuel N Yakubu, Monday O Eliboh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of bladder spasms following surgical repair of urogenital fistula. METHODS: The present retrospective study included data from patients who underwent surgical repair of urogenital fistula at the National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria, between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Patients who underwent rectovaginal fistula repair and those who experienced persistent postoperative pain requiring high doses of analgesia were excluded...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573407/presentation-and-management-of-vesicovaginal-fistulae-after-delivery-at-a-german-women-s-hospital
#10
Christl Reisenauer
Vesicovaginal fistulae are rarely seen after childbirth in developed countries. This article deals with the causes, presentation, and management of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulae in patients treated at a German women's hospital.
June 1, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550462/a-case-control-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-obstetric-fistula-in-tigray-ethiopia
#11
L Lewis Wall, Shewaye Belay, Tesfahun Haregot, Jonathan Dukes, Eyoel Berhan, Melaku Abreha
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We tested the null hypothesis that there were no differences between patients with obstetric fistula and parous controls without fistula. METHODS: A unmatched case-control study was carried out comparing 75 women with a history of obstetric fistula with 150 parous controls with no history of fistula. Height and weight were measured for each participant, along with basic socio-demographic and obstetric information. Descriptive statistics were calculated and differences between the groups were analyzed using Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate, and Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test, along with backward stepwise logistic regression analyses to detect predictors of obstetric fistula...
May 26, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510988/barriers-to-obstetric-fistula-treatment-in-low-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Rachel Bach, Charlotte Warren, Zoe Baker, Ben Bellows
OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers that women living with fistula in low-income countries face, preventing them from seeking care, reaching medical centers, and receiving appropriate care. METHODS: Bibliographic databases, grey literature, journals, and network and organization websites were searched in English and French from June to July 2014 using key search terms and specific inclusion and exclusion criteria for discussion of barriers to fistula treatment...
May 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506945/urinary-fistula-a-continuing-problem-with-changing-trends
#13
Sunesh Kumar, Richa Vatsa, Juhi Bharti, Kallol Kumar Roy, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Neeta Singh, Jyoti Meena, Seema Singhal
OBJECTIVE: Urinary fistula is a distressing complication after difficult vaginal deliveries, obstetric, and gynecologic surgeries. The present study describes a single center's experience in the management of urinary fistula at a tertiary care hospital. It was performed to analyze the etiology of genitourinary fistula, to assess the outcome after surgical repair, and to determine the changing trends in the etiology and management of urinary fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted over 5 years in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467691/quality-of-life-among-women-in-bangladesh-following-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-operations-for-irreparable-vesicovaginal-fistula-and-bladder-exstrophy-observational-study
#14
S H Walker, B Ambauen-Berger, S L Saha, S Akhter
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QOL) of fistula patients in Bangladesh who have undergone ileal conduit (IC) urinary diversion operations, and to assess whether the risks and ethical challenges involved, outweigh the reality of leaving a woman with urinary incontinence for the rest of her life. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: LAMB Hospital, Bangladesh. POPULATION: Seventeen women who had undergone IC between February 2012 and March 2016: 14 women previously had irreparable obstetric fistulas and three had bladder exstrophy...
May 3, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464510/perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-seeking-treatment-for-obstetric-fistula
#15
Shalini Singh, Tushita Thakur, Nomita Chandhiok, Manish Kumar Singh, Balwan Singh Dhillon
OBJECTIVE: To understand patients' perspectives on the causative factors and preventive measures of obstetric fistula; and the effect of fistula on the victims' psycho-social, sexual, and economic well being. METHODS: A questionnaire-based interview of 215 women with obstetric fistula admitted for treatment in 17 hospitals in India was carried out during 2010-2011. Responses of participants from poor, medium, and better performing states were categorized into pre-coded themes and compared...
May 2, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390255/exploring-the-needs-and-challenges-of-women-reintegrating-after-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-northern-ghana
#16
Kimberly Jarvis, Solina Richter, Helen Vallianatos
OBJECTIVE: to explore the cultural, social and economic needs and challenges of women in northern Ghana as they resume their day-to-day lives post obstetric fistula repair. DESIGN: a critical ethnographic approach. SETTING: a state run fistula treatment center in Tamale, northern Ghana, and 24 rural communities in northern Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: ninety-nine (N=99) participants were recruited using purposive, convenience and snowball sampling...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384429/vesicovaginal-fistula-an-unexpected-consequence-of-changing-sexual-practices
#17
M Alexandra Friedman, Jonathan S Shaw, Kelly McGary, Kyle Wohlrab
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is commonly associated with obstetric trauma, but in developed nations it is typically iatrogenic. To date, there have been no published reports of VVF resulting from consensual sexual activity with sex toys. A 19-year-old gravida 0 presented with leakage of clear urine from the vagina following repetitive use of a sex toy with her female partner. The fistula was repaired in the operating room using a vaginal approach and a layered closure. This is the first case report of a VVF caused by consensual sex toy use between same-sex partners...
April 7, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363328/cerebrospinal-fluid-cutaneous-fistula-following-obstetric-epidural-analgaesia-case-report
#18
J J Fedriani de Matos, A V Quintero Salvago, M D Gómez Cortés
Cutaneous fistula of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare complication of neuroaxial blockade. We report the case of a parturient in whom an epidural catheter was placed for labour analgesia and 12h after the catheter was removed, presented an abundant asymptomatic fluid leak from the puncture site, compatible in the cyto-chemical analysis with cerebrospinal fluid. She was treated with acetazolamide, compression of skin orifice of the fluid leakage, antibiotic prophylaxis, hydration and rest, and progressed satisfactorily without requiring blood patch...
March 28, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#19
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283307/obstetric-fistula-and-sociocultural-practices-in-hausa-community-of-northern-nigeria
#20
Oluwakemi C Amodu, Bukola Salami, Solina Richter
BACKGROUND: Obstetric Fistula is a childbirth injury that disproportionately affects women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although poverty plays an important role in perpetuating obstetric fistula, sociocultural practices has a significant influence on susceptibility to the condition. AIM: This paper aims to explore narratives in the literature on obstetric fistula in the context of Hausa ethno-lingual community of Northern Nigeria and the potential role of nurses and midwives in addressing obstetric fistula...
March 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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