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Obstetric fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857904/successful-pregnancy-after-excision-of-cesarean-scar-endometriosis-with-uterovesicocutaneous-fistula-a-rare-case-report
#1
Sunil Kumar Juneja, Pooja Tandon, Isha Chopra
Scar endometriosis is an infrequent type of extrapelvic endometriosis. The most common extrapelvic form of endometriosis is cutaneous endometriosis, involving scar tissues occurring after obstetric or gynecologic procedures such as episiotomy, hysterotomy, cesarean section, and even laparoscopic surgery. The clinical presentation of scar endometriosis, i.e., tender swellings, mimics other dermatological and/or surgical conditions and delays the diagnosis. Scar endometriosis very rarely can get complicated with uterocutaneous fistula with a reported incidence of very few cases in world literature...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846665/menstrual-sexual-and-obstetrical-outcomes-after-vaginal-replacement-for-vaginal-atresia-associated-with-anorectal-malformation
#2
Clare Skerritt, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Victoria Alison Lane, Richard J Wood, Geri D Hewitt, Lesley L Breech, Marc Levitt
The authors of this article became aware of significant differences in the management of two females with a rectovestibular fistula and associated vaginal agenesis. In one patient, a sigmoid colovaginoplasty was performed at the time of the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP), and the other underwent repair of the rectovestibular fistula with a primary PSARP, but the surgeons elected to delay the timing of vaginal reconstruction. We decided to review the literature, to establish if recommendations could be made to optimize the management of these children based on current evidence...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826639/parity-as-a-predictor-of-obstetric-fistula-classification
#3
Erin Lorencz, Shelley L Galvin, Andrew Browning, Hannah Krause, Judith Goh
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric fistulas are injuries to the genital tract in women without emergency obstetric services. Parity may predict the characteristics of fistulas that affect closure success and residual incontinence. Circumferential fistulas may predispose patients to postoperative incontinence. We hypothesized that primiparous women have more distal fistulas than multiparous women, leading to more scarring and circumferential fistulas. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted on 1,856 women with obstetric fistula evaluated at three sites by three providers...
November 8, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822888/does-the-goh-classification-predict-the-outcome-of-vesico-vaginal-fistula-repair-in-the-developed-world
#4
Alice Beardmore-Gray, Mahreen Pakzad, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy Ockrim, Tamsin Greenwell
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Goh Vesico-Vaginal Fistula (VVF) classification has prognostic value in VVF in the developing world (predominantly obstetric), with chances of successful closure decreasing from type 1 to type 4. We evaluated the prognostic value of the Goh classification for VVF of the developed world (predominantly iatrogenic). METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 63 consecutive patients with a mean age of 53 years (range 21-88) undergoing VVF repair under a single surgeon between 2006 and 2014...
November 7, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822885/mental-health-screening-in-women-with-severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse-chronic-fourth-degree-obstetric-tear-and-genital-tract-fistula-in-western-uganda
#5
Hannah G Krause, Barbara A Hall, Shu-Kay Ng, Harriet Natukunda, Isaac Singasi, Judith T W Goh
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: High levels of mental health dysfunction have been identified in women with genital tract fistula. The aim of this study was to use the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) to screen women in western Uganda with severe pelvic organ prolapse, chronic fourth-degree obstetric tear and genital tract fistula for risk of mental health dysfunction. METHODS: Women undergoing surgery for severe pelvic organ prolapse, chronic fourth-degree obstetric tear, and genital tract fistula were interviewed using the GHQ-28 to screen for the risk of mental health dysfunction...
November 7, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821123/factors-associated-with-the-failure-of-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-guinea-implications-for-practice
#6
Alexandre Delamou, Therese Delvaux, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Toure, Delphin Kolié, Sidikiba Sidibé, Mandian Camara, Kindy Diallo, Thierno Hamidou Barry, Moustapha Diallo, Alain Leveque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The prevention and treatment of obstetric fistula still remains a concern and a challenge in low income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the overall proportions of failure of fistula closure and incontinence among women undergoing repair for obstetric fistula in Guinea and identify its associated factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using data extracted from medical records of fistula repairs between 1 January 2012 and 30 September 2013...
November 8, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790520/large-dumbbell-shaped-vesicovaginal-calculus-managed-with-holmium-laser-cystolithotripsy-followed-by-staged-repair-of-vesicovaginal-fistula
#7
Ajit Sawant, Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Prakash Pawar, Gaurav Vinod Kasat, Lomesh Kapadnis
Complicated Vesicovaginal Fistulae (VVF) is prevalent in developing countries following obstetric injury. We report a rare case of a large dumbbell shaped vesicovaginal calculus measuring 7x 4.6cm in a patient with recurrent, complicated VVF managed successfully in two stages 6 weeks apart. Holmium laser (30 Watt) cystolithotripsy was used to break the vesical portion of the stone at the waist of the dumbbell, followed by delivery of vaginal part of the stone. Trans-abdominal VVF repair (O'Connor method) with omental interposition flap with right side ureteric reimplant was done after six weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769010/secrecy-inhibits-support-a-grounded-theory-of-community-perspectives-of-women-suffering-from-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#8
T Lavender, S Wakasiaka, L McGowan, M Moraa, J Omari, W Khisa
AIM: this study aimed to gain understanding of the views of community members in relation to obstetric fistula. DESIGN AND METHOD: a qualitative, grounded theory approach was adopted. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 45 community members. The constant comparison method enabled generation of codes and subsequent conceptualisations, from the data. SETTING: participants were from communities served by two hospitals in Kenya; Kisii and Kenyatta...
October 4, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749456/efficacy-and-safety-of-bevacizumab-containing-therapy-in-newly-diagnosed-ovarian-cancer-rosia-single-arm-phase-3b-study
#9
Amit M Oza, Frédéric Selle, Irina Davidenko, Jacob Korach, Cesar Mendiola, Patricia Pautier, Ewa Chmielowska, Aristotelis Bamias, Andrea DeCensi, Zanete Zvirbule, Antonio González-Martín, Roberto Hegg, Florence Joly, Claudio Zamagni, Angiolo Gadducci, Nicolas Martin, Stephen Robb, Nicoletta Colombo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of extending bevacizumab therapy beyond 15 months in nonprogressive ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multinational prospective single-arm study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01239732), eligible patients had International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIB to IV or grade 3 stage I to IIA ovarian cancer without clinical signs or symptoms of gastrointestinal obstruction or history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the preceding 6 months...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741185/residual-incontinence-after-obstetric-fistula-repair
#10
L Lewis Wall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738382/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-after-lamotrigine-use-in-pregnancy-a-retrospective-analysis-from-an-urban-maternal-mental-health-centre-in-new-zealand
#11
Chandni Prakash, Susan Hatters-Friedman, Charmian Moller-Olsen, Abigail North
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period for recurrence of bipolar disorder. Discontinuation of mood stabilisers during pregnancy and the postpartum period can significantly increase the risk of recurrence of bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic drug that has been approved for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Epilepsy literature has indicated that lamotrigine has a reassuring safety profile in pregnancy but there is little information on its effectiveness and safety in pregnant women with mental disorders...
August 15, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724918/a-descriptive-longitudinal-study-protocol-recurrence-and-pregnancy-post-repair-of-obstetric-fistula-in-guinea
#12
Alexandre Delamou, Therese Delvaux, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Alain Levêque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a serious medical condition which affects women in low income countries. Despite the progress of research on fistula, there is little data on long term follow-up after surgical repair. The objective of this study is to analyse the factors associated with the recurrence of fistula and the outcomes of pregnancy following fistula repair in Guinea. METHODS: A descriptive longitudinal study design will be used. The study will include women who underwent fistula repair between 2012 and 2015 at 3 fistula repair sites supported by the Fistula Care Project in Guinea (Kissidougou Prefectoral Hospital, Labé Regional Hospital and Jean Paul II Hospital of Conakry)...
October 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680693/an-integrative-review-on-women-living-with-obstetric-fistula-and-after-treatment-experiences
#13
Hannah Mafo Degge, Mark Hayter, Mary Laurenson
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review literature on the experiences of women with obstetric fistula, their lived experiences after treatment; and to provide evidence for future research. BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is an injury most commonly resulting from a prolonged labour. Long eradicated in developed countries, obstetric fistula remains a public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. This is a highly stigmatised health condition, and an understanding of the women's experience is required to inform holistic approaches for care and prevention...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670708/the-long-term-pelvic-floor-health-outcomes-of-women-after-childbirth-the-influence-of-labour-in-the-first-pregnancy
#14
Baharak Amir, Victoria M Allen, Susan Kirkland, Kathleen MacPherson, Scott Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the influence of labour and pregnancy factors on long-term pelvic floor health outcomes. METHODS: This population-based cohort study was conducted using linkage between the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database, the Medical Services Insurance Database, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information's Discharge Abstract Database from 1988 to 2006; this allowed for the evaluation of patient utilization of care providers for pelvic floor disorders and captured conservative and surgical interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660492/experiences-of-social-support-among-women-presenting-for-obstetric-fistula-repair-surgery-in-tanzania
#15
Alexis C Dennis, Sarah M Wilson, Mary V Mosha, Gileard G Masenga, Kathleen J Sikkema, Korrine E Terroso, Melissa H Watt
OBJECTIVE: An obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury resulting in uncontrollable leakage of urine and/or feces and can lead to physical and psychological challenges, including social isolation. Prior to and after fistula repair surgery, social support can help a woman to reintegrate into her community. The aim of this study was to preliminarily examine the experiences of social support among Tanzanian women presenting with obstetric fistula in the periods immediately preceding obstetric fistula repair surgery and following reintegration...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648256/burden-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-association-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The AMANHI morbidity study aims to quantify and describe severe maternal morbidities and assess their associations with adverse maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes in predominantly rural areas of nine sites in eight South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: AMANHI takes advantage of on-going population-based cohort studies covering approximately 2 million women of reproductive age with 1- to 3-monthly pregnancy surveillance to enrol pregnant women...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636218/identifying-gaps-and-inconsistencies-in-urogynecologic-surgical-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#17
Emily E Weber LeBrun, Hazel Asumu, Anne M Richardson, LouAnn A Cooper, John D Davis
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the expectations of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ObGyn) residency and Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) fellowship program directors (FPDs) for the independent performance of urogynecologic procedures during residency and to compare these expectations with the Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology (CREOG) educational objectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two parallel, anonymous surveys were distributed simultaneously to all directors of accredited ObGyn residency and FPMRS fellowship programs in the United States...
November 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622109/internal-pudendal-artery-perforator-island-flap-for-management-of-recurrent-benign-rectovaginal-fistula
#18
Haitham H Khalil, Marco N Malahias, Sharad Karandikar, Charles Hendrickse
The management of recurrent rectovaginal fistula after obstetric injury and cryptoglandular sepsis is considered a major surgical challenge. The fistula poses a significant negative psychosocial and sexual morbidity. In addition, the poor quality of local tissues due to previous attempts at surgical repair adds to this challenge. There are few data regarding the management of persistent or recurrent fistula in the literature; however, several studies reported high failure rates after 2 or more procedures. We present 4 cases managed successfully in a multidisciplinary approach involving fistulectomy and immediate reconstruction with an internal pudendal artery perforator island flap...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596732/pregnancy-and-childbirth-after-repair-of-obstetric-fistula-in-sub-saharan-africa-scoping-review
#19
Alexandre Delamou, Bettina Utz, Therese Delvaux, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Asm Shahabuddin, Akoi Koivogui, Alain Levêque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise the evidence on pregnancy and childbirth after repair of obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa and to identify the existing knowledge gaps. METHODS: A scoping review of studies reporting on pregnancy and childbirth in women who underwent repair for obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa was conducted. We searched relevant articles published between 1 January 1970 and 31 March 2016, without methodological or language restrictions, in electronic databases, general Internet sources and grey literature...
September 6, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580408/cerebrospinal-fluid-cutaneous-fistula-after-continuous-spinal-catheter-in-an-obstetric-patient
#20
Mark J Lenart, Jeffrey M Carness
A 23-year-old woman at 41 weeks and 6 days estimated gestational age underwent continuous spinal analgesia for labor after a recognized, unintended dural puncture. Excellent analgesia was maintained throughout labor and vaginal delivery, the intrathecal catheter was left in situ for 24 hours postpartum, and the catheter was subsequently removed without apparent complication. On physical examination during her anesthesia postoperative visit, clear fluid was noted to be slowly draining from the catheter insertion site...
September 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
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