keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstetric fistula

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769482/aetiological-factors-of-female-genitourinary-fistula
#1
F Z Aalpona, M Kamrul-Hasan, F Islam, S Hossain, S Akter, K F Ananya
The purpose of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate the histories of women with urinary incontinence caused by genitourinary fistulae in Bangladesh. This is an exploratory analysis to investigate possible contributing factors to the development of urogenital fistulae. Sixty four (64) women who were treated for urogenital fistulae at the National Fistula Center, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were interviewed from July 2013 to December 2013. Their average age was 35.91 years; majorities were illiterate; had early marriage and came from poor family...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747604/barriers-and-facilitators-to-preventive-interventions-for-the-development-of-obstetric-fistulas-among-women-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Eniya Lufumpa, Lucy Doos, Antje Lindenmeyer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbearing injury that results from poorly managed obstructed labour, leading to the development of holes between the vagina and bladder and/or rectum. Effects of this injury are long-lasting, as women become incontinent and are often marginalised from their communities. Despite continuous occurrence of this injury in lower-income countries, it is preventable, as evidenced in high-income countries. This systematic review aims to identify and understand barriers and facilitators to interventions aimed at the prevention of obstetric fistulas in sub-Saharan African women...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729217/improving-care-for-women-with-obstetric-fistula-new-who-recommendation-on-duration-of-bladder-catheterization-after-the-surgical-repair-of-a-simple-obstetric-urinary-fistula
#3
Mariana Widmer, Özge Tunçalp, Maria Regina Torloni, Olufemi T Oladapo, Maurice Bucagu, A Metin Gülmezoglu
Under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and universal health coverage, the "survive, thrive, transform" agenda moves beyond reducing mortality and focuses on the importance of maternal morbidity.(1 ) An obstetric fistula, one of the most devastating types of maternal morbidity, is usually caused by injury during childbirth from prolonged or obstructed labour. The prolonged compression of the fetal head against the pelvic bones can cause ischaemic necrosis of parts of the bladder, urethra or vagina, resulting in an abnormal opening between a woman's genital tract and her urinary tract that leads to the continuous flow of urine through the vagina...
May 5, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720579/congenital-esophageal-atresia-and-microtia-in-a-newborn-secondary-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-exposure-during-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Musaed Mohammed Alsebayel, Faisal Abdulrahman Abaalkhail, Faisal Mohammed Alsebayel, Dema A Alissa, Ahmed Hamdan Al-Jedai, Hussien Elsiesy
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs to prevent organ transplant rejection in combination with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids. It has a different toxicity profile than tacrolimus and cyclosporine.  Gastrointestinal tract disturbances are the most common adverse effects. The use of MMF in pregnant women, however, holds great risk of miscarriage and fetal development defects such as external ear malformation, ocular anomalies, cleft lip and palate, and abnormality of distal limbs, heart, esophagus, and kidneys...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703195/measurement-of-patient-reported-disability-using-whodas-2-0-before-and-after-surgical-intervention-in-madagascar
#5
Michelle C White, Kirsten Randall, Dennis Alcorn, Rachel Greenland, Christine Glasgo, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcomes (PRO) measure the quality of care from the patient's perspective. PROs are an important measure of surgical outcome and can be used to calculate health gains after surgical treatment. The World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0 is a PRO used to evaluate pre and post-operative disability across a range of surgical specialities. In this study, Mercy Ships, a non-governmental organisation (NGO), used WHODAS 2.0 to evaluate patient reported disability in 401 consecutive patients in Madagascar...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684957/-iatrogenic-injuries-of-urinary-tract-outcomes-of-surgical-repairs
#6
Yoshiaki Matsumura, Yusuke Iemura, Shinji Fukui, Yoriaki Kagebayashi, Shoji Samma
Iatrogenic urinary tract injuries are known complications of digestive and pelvic surgeries. We retrospectively reviewed 13 patients with bladder injuries and 16 patients with ureteral injuries requiring surgical repair or stent placement in our hospital between 2013 and 2016. Obstetric-gynecologic surgery accounted for 10 bladder injuries and 11 ureteral injuries on hysterectomy and Cesarean section. Digestive surgery led to 1 bladder injury and 5 ureteral injuries on colon resection, and urologic surgery resulted in 1 injury on biopsy of a retroperitoneal tumor...
March 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630017/research-in-obstetric-fistula-addressing-gaps-and-unmet-needs
#7
Rachel Pope
Although obstetric fistula has likely plagued women since the beginning of time, very little research proportionally exists. This article summarizes the most substantial research on the topic and delineates research gaps and future needs. Existing research demonstrates that access to care is the underlying cause of obstetric fistula and that the first attempt at closure holds the highest chance at success, ranging between 84% and 94%. For simple cases, 10 days of a catheter is sufficient, although what constitutes as simple is unclear...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619489/causes-and-management-of-urogenital-fistulas-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Somia A Osman, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Ola T Malabarey, Ashraf M Dawood, Badr N AlMosaieed, Diaa E E Rizk
OBJECTIVES: To reviewe the etiology and management of urogenital fistulas at a tertiary care referral center. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients with urogenital fistula referred to the King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2005 and July 2016 from electronic records. We collected data on age, parity, etiology and type of fistula, radiologic findings, management, and outcome. Results: Of the 32 patients with urogenital fistula identified, 17 (53...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618340/3d-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-in-patients-with-perianal-fistulas-comparison-with-3d-anal-ultrasound
#9
Richelle J F Felt-Bersma, Maarten S Vlietstra, Paul F Vollebregt, Ingrid J M Han-Geurts, Vera Rempe-Sorm, Grietje J H Vander Mijnsbrugge, Charlotte B H Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula surgery can damage the anal sphincters which may cause faecal incontinence. By measuring regional pressures, 3D-HRAM potentially provides better guidance for surgical strategy in patients with perianal fistulas. The aim was to measure regional anal pressures with 3D-HRAM and to compare these with 3D-EUS findings in patients with perianal fistulas. METHODS: Consecutive patients with active perianal fistulas who underwent both 3D-EUS and 3D-HRAM at a clinic specialised in proctology were included...
April 4, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587739/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-among-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-abakaliki-south-east-nigeria
#10
K C Ekwedigwe, I Sunday-Adeoye, M O Eliboh, M E Isikhuemen, H Uro-Chukwu, P Ezeonu, A B C Daniyan, E N Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commonly associated with, urinary tract infection (UTI), both symptomatic and asymptomatic due to anatomical and physiological changes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among women with pelvic organ prolapse, to know the organisms commonly implicated and the sensitivity pattern...
March 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#11
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545826/pelvic-ultrasound-findings-in-women-with-obstetric-fistula-a-cross-sectional-study-of-cases-and-controls
#12
Jeffrey P Wilkinson, Angela M Bengtson, Ennet Chipungu, Rachel J Pope, Bonus Makanani, Margaret Moyo, Mwawi Mwale, Jennifer H Tang
Objective: Obstetric fistula (OF) is a morbid condition caused by prolonged obstructed labor. Women with OF experience profound injury and have high rates of infertility and poor obstetric outcomes. We examined endovaginal ultrasound parameters in women with and without OF. Design/Setting/Sample/Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled women evaluated at the Fistula Care Centre in Lilongwe, Malawi. Eligibility criteria included age 18-45, prior pregnancy, and a uterus on ultrasound...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523027/vesicovaginal-fistula-in-uganda
#13
Fiona Katherine McCurdie, Joanne Moffatt, Kevin Jones
Kitovu Hospital in Masaka, Uganda, is a leading obstetric fistula repair centre in the country with the highest rates of fistula in the world. In this retrospective case review, the regional incidence and causative factors were studied in patients with vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) who were admitted at Kitovu Hospital. Fistula history included severity (ICIQ score), causes and outcomes of VVF were measured. Women suffered with symptoms of VVF for an average of 4.97 years with an average ICIQ severity score of 7...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474277/j-marion-sims-and-the-vesicovaginal-fistula-historical-understanding-medical-ethics-and-modern-political-sensibilities
#14
L Lewis Wall
OBJECTIVES: To review the historical background surrounding the early work of Dr. J. Marion Sims, who developed the first consistently successful surgical technique for the repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulas by operating on a group of young, enslaved, African American women who had this condition between 1846 and 1849. METHODS: Review of primary source documents on Sims and his operations, early 19th century clinical literature on the treatment of vesicovaginal fistula, the introduction of ether and chloroform anesthesia into surgical practice, and the literature on the early 19th century medical ethics pertaining to surgical innovation...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468331/pubovesical-sling-for-residual-incontinence-after-successful-vesicovaginal-fistula-closure-a-new-approach-to-an-old-procedure
#15
Sunday Lengmang, Steven Shephard, Avisek Datta, Svjetlana Lozo, Carolyn V Kirschner
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: For decades, the pubovesical (PV) sling has been in the armamentarium of the fistula surgeon for treating persistent urinary incontinence after successful fistula closure. We report our early experience with slings, and then also introduce a new "tight" PV sling technique for management of post-fistula urethral leak. Our hypothesis is that performance of tight slings might result in improved continence for women with persistent urinary incontinence after obstetric fistula closure...
February 21, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441572/systematic-review-of-shorter-versus-longer-duration-of-bladder-catheterization-after-surgical-repair-of-urinary-obstetric-fistula
#16
REVIEW
M Regina Torloni, Rachel Riera, Ewelina Rogozińska, Özge Tunçalp, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Mariana Widmer
BACKGROUND: Bladder catheterization duration after urinary obstetric fistula surgery varies widely. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bladder catheterization duration after urinary obstetric fistula surgery. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, GIM, and POPLINE databases were searched, without language restrictions, using "obstetric urinary fistula" and "catheterization" from inception to September 30, 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials comparing shorter versus longer (>10 days) bladder catheterization after urinary obstetric fistula repair were included...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415634/too-long-to-wait-obstetric-fistula-and-the-sociopolitical-dynamics-of-the-fourth-delay-in-soroti-uganda
#17
Bonnie Ruder, Melissa Cheyney, Alice Aturo Emasu
Uganda has one of the highest obstetric fistula rates in the world with approximately 200,000 women currently suffering. Surgical closure successfully treats fistula in the majority of cases, yet there is a severe shortage of facilities and trained surgeons in low-resource countries. The purpose of this study was to examine Ugandan women's experiences of obstetric fistula with the aim of adding narrative depth to the clinical literature on this devastating birth injury. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant observation...
April 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285682/efficacy-of-autologous-fat-graft-injection-in-the-treatment-of-anovaginal-fistulas
#18
S Norderval, L Lundby, H Hougaard, S Buntzen, S Weum, L de Weerd
BACKGROUND: Injection of autologous fat is an established method within plastic surgery for soft tissue augmentation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether transperineal fat graft injection could promote healing of anovaginal fistulas. METHODS: The procedures were performed at the University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway, and at Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, between May 2009 and September 2016. After abdominal liposuction, fat was injected around the fistula tract that was finally transected percutaneously with a sharp cannula and fat injected between the cut parts...
January 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281180/obstetric-fistula-a-paradigm-shift-is-needed-in-research-and-prevention
#19
P Letchworth, E MacLaren, S Duffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221527/social-experiences-of-women-with-obstetric-fistula-seeking-treatment-in-kampala-uganda
#20
Marielle Meurice, Rene Genadry, Carol Heimer, Galya Ruffer, Barageine Justus Kafunjo
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a preventable and treatable condition predominately affecting women in low-income countries. Understanding the social context of obstetric fistula may lead to improved prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated social experiences of women with obstetric fistula seeking treatment at Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among women seeking treatment for obstetric fistula during a surgical camp in July 2011 using a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
keyword
keyword
2714
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"