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"Caesarean section"

C E M Aiken, L Hone, H R Murphy, C L Meek
AIM: Excessive gestational weight gain increases risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) but it remains unclear whether weight control after GDM diagnosis improves outcomes. We assessed whether: (1) total gestational weight gain during pregnancy (0-36 weeks); (2) early gestational weight gain (0-28 weeks, before GDM diagnosis); or (3) late gestational weight gain (28-36 weeks, after diagnosis) are associated with maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: Some 546 women with GDM who delivered viable singleton infants at a single UK obstetric centre (October 2014 to March 2017) were included in this retrospective observational study...
June 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Christiane Marie Bourgin Folke Gam, Ole Hartvig Mortensen, Lea Hüche Larsen, Steen Seier Poulsen, Klaus Qvortrup, Elisabeth Reinhart Mathiesen, Peter Damm, Bjørn Quistorff
AIMS: Poor myometrial contractility has been demonstrated in women at term with diabetes and decreased muscular mitochondrial content and/or function has been extensively implicated in the progression of type 2 diabetes. Alterations of the uterine mitochondrial phenotype in pregnant women with diabetes have yet to be investigated as a causal link to decreased myometrial contractility. METHODS: Observational study of 18 women with diabetes (type 2 and gestational) scheduled for an elective Caesarean section at term with matching controls...
June 21, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Erica J Weinstein, Jacob L Levene, Marc S Cohen, Doerthe A Andreae, Jerry Y Chao, Matthew Johnson, Charles B Hall, Michael H Andreae
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia may reduce the rate of persistent postoperative pain (PPP), a frequent and debilitating condition. This review was originally published in 2012 and updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To compare local anaesthetics and regional anaesthesia versus conventional analgesia for the prevention of PPP beyond three months in adults and children undergoing elective surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase to December 2016 without any language restriction...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sven Schiermeier, Sandra Frisenda, Joscha Reinhard, Timoleon Dagres, Karl-Günter Noé, Silvia Lobmaier, Karl T M Schneider, Martin Daumer
INTRODUCTION: The rate of Caesarean section has dramatically increased in recent decades. Foetal scalp blood sampling and computer software analysing foetal heart rate detection should help in the decision-making for or against Caesarean section. The main aim of this study was to examine how these 2 factors influence the Caesarean section rate. METHODS: A national survey of all maternity units in Germany was undertaken using a self-reported questionnaire via crowd sourcing...
June 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Başak Altıparmak, Nalan Çelebi, Özgür Canbay, Melike K Toker, Banu Kılıçarslan, Ülkü Aypar
To assess the effects of magnesium on the depth of anesthesia and to determine the effects of magnesium on incidence of awareness and postoperative pain after caesarean section.  Methods: The study was designed as a double-blind, controlled, randomized study and conducted in Hacettepe University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  between January 2015 and March 2016. A total of 100 pregnant healthy women who were between 17 and 41 years old, ASA II, and scheduled for an elective cesarean section with general anesthesia were included in the study...
June 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Noman Lateef, Mustafa Dawood, Karn Sharma, Abubakar Tauseef, Muhammad Asadullah Munir, Erin Godbout
Spontaneous pneumothorax in pregnancy is a rare and life-threatening condition. In this report, a case of spontaneous pneumothorax occurring at 34 weeks' gestation in a healthy 34-year-old primigravida is described. She had typical complaints of chest pain and dyspnoea and diagnosis was made by chest X-ray which showed an extensive pneumothorax in the right side. Pneumothorax recurred twice over approximately three weeks. A caesarean section secondary to small pelvic parameters was scheduled with the chest tube in situ and a healthy 2...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Samantha J Prosser, Adrian G Barnett, Yvette D Miller
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episiotomy, forceps/vacuum, or caesarean section). However, there is limited evidence for how best to achieve increased rates of normal birth. In this study we examined the role of modifiable and non-modifiable factors in experiencing a normal birth using retrospective, self-reported data...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Aslı Yarcı Gursoy, Burcin Ozgu, Yasemin Tasci, Tuba Candar, Salim Erkaya, Gamze Sinem Caglar
This study was designed to evaluate umbilical cord ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels and the cord blood gas parameters of foetuses with or without nuchal cords, at the time of elective C-section. The cross-sectional study population consisted of the patients who were admitted to the Tertiary Care Center between February and June 2015. Women with uncomplicated single term gestations between 37 and 40 completed weeks and scheduled for elective C-sections were included in the study. Fifty cases with a nuchal cord and 50 cases without a nuchal cord were recruited...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Boel Niklasson, Catarina Arnelo, Susanne Georgsson Öhman, Märta Segerdahl, Agneta Blanck
Background and aims The present randomized open label parallel group study was conducted to evaluate if an oral oxycodone (OXY) regimen can be at least equally effective and as safe for postoperative analgesia after caesarean section (CS) as a standard of care program using nurse-administered intravenous morphine (IVM), followed by oral codeine. Methods Eighty women (40 + 40) were scheduled for elective CS under spinal anaesthesia. All patients received postoperative multimodal analgesic therapy, including ibuprofen and paracetamol...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Maya Reddy, Annie Kroushev, Kirsten Palmer
BACKGROUND: Maternal diaphragmatic hernias identified during pregnancy are rare and pose significant management challenges with regards to timing and mode of both delivery and hernia repair. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a maternal diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed at 31 weeks gestation in the setting of acute upper abdominal pain. Due to no evidence of visceral compromise and a stable maternal condition, the patient was conservatively managed, allowing for further foetal maturation...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Tetyda P Dobak, George Voorhout, Johannes C M Vernooij, Susanne A E B Boroffka
English bulldogs have been reported to have a high incidence of dystocia and caesarean section is often performed electively in this breed. A narrow pelvic canal is the major maternal factor contributing to obstructive dystocia. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the pelvic dimensions of 40 clinically healthy English bulldogs using computed tomography pelvimetry. A control group consisting of 30 non-brachycephalic dogs that underwent pelvic computed tomography was retrospectively collected from the patient archive system...
May 31, 2018: Theriogenology
Rachael Troughton, Gabriel Birgand, Alan P Johnson, Nichola Naylor, Myriam Gharbi, Paul Aylin, Susan Hopkins, Usman Jaffer, Alison Holmes
BACKGROUND: The rise in antimicrobial resistance has highlighted the importance of surgical site infection (SSI) prevention with effective surveillance strategies playing a key role in improving patient safety. This study maps national needs and priorities for SSI surveillance against current national surveillance activity. METHODS: This study analysed SSI surveillance in NHS hospitals in England covering 23 surgical procedures. Data collected were: (i) annual number of procedures, (ii) SSI rates from national reports, (iii) national reporting requirement (mandatory, voluntary, not offered), (iv) priority ranking from a survey of 84 English NHS hospitals, (v) excess length of stay and costs from the literature...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
V Pez, P Deruelle, M Kyheng, C Boyon, E Clouqueur, C Garabedian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of single balloon catheter with double balloon catheter and dinoprostone insert for cervical ripening and labor induction on unfavourable cervix. METHODS: this is a comparative, retrospective, one-center trial. Were included singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation. Were excluded cicatricial uterus. The outcomes were vaginal delivery rate, caesarean section rate, modification in Bishop score, time from induction to delivery, second time prostaglandin E2 resort, oxytocin administration resort, maternal or neonatal adverse events...
June 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Svetlana V Glinianaia, Judith Rankin, Asma Khalil, Julia Binder, Gareth Waring, Stephen N Sturgiss, Basky Thilaganathan, Therese Hannon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twin pregnancies and to describe perinatal outcomes and clinical management of these pregnancies. METHODS: This multicentre cohort study used population-based data on MCMA twin pregnancies from 11 Northern Survey of Twin and Multiple Pregnancy (NorSTAMP) maternity units for the prevalence estimation of MCMA twinning. Pregnancy outcomes at <24 weeks' gestation, antenatal parameters and perinatal outcomes (from ≥24 weeks to the first 28 days of life) were analysed using combined data on pregnancies with confirmed MCMA chorionicity from the NorSTAMP and the Southwest Thames Region of London Obstetric Research Collaborative (STORK) multiple pregnancy cohort for 2000-2013...
June 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Priya Rajan, Srinivas Murki, Suseela Vavilala, Nirupama Surubhotla
Objectives: To study the recent trends in maternal and perinatal outcomes of triplet pregnancy from a perinatal centre in South India. Methods: All triplet pregnancies booked at Fernandez hospital, Hyderabad (a tertiary care perinatal centre in South India), or those referred between 2000 and 2014 were included in the study. The maternal, fetal and neonatal outcome and any interventions like cerclage, steroid administration were studied. Results: There were 82 triplet deliveries over the study period of 15 years (82 per 69,584 live births)...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Muniswaran Ganeshan, Mohamad Adam Bujang, Shahrul Aiman Soelar, Shamala Devi Karalasingam, Harris Suharjono, Ravichandran Jeganathan
Aims: The aim of this study is to compare obstetric outcomes between overweight and class 1 obesity among pregnant women in their first pregnancy based on WHO's BMI cut-offs and the potential public health action points identified by WHO expert consultations specific for high-risk population such as Asians. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort review of data obtained from the Malaysian National Obstetrics and Gynaecology Registry between the year 2010 and year 2012...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Hiroyuki Tsuda, Tomomi Kotani, Tomoko Nakano, Kenji Imai, Takafumi Ushida, Akihiro Hirakawa, Fumie Kinoshita, Yuichiro Takahashi, Shigenori Iwagaki, Fumitaka Kikkawa
BACKGROUND: Whether or not the period of fetal lung maturity differs between twin and singleton pregnancies has not been clarified. We examined whether or not fetal lung maturity and fetal lung absorption are achieved earlier in twin fetuses than in singleton fetuses. METHODS: We registered 454 singleton pregnancies and 398 twin pregnancies with no congenital abnormalities affecting the respiratory function or neonatal deaths. All patients were delivered by Caesarean section without labor between 24 and 38 gestational weeks...
June 9, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Sanzida Akhter, Susanne Schech
In this paper we examine the perceptions and experiences of childbirth among a group of wealthier women in Dhaka through in-depth interviews. We find that a number of factors including preference for Caesarean Section (CS), socio-economic position, family structure, and perceptions of modern childbirth contributed to the women's overuse of medical childbirth services. Furthermore, women's capacity to purchase modern maternal health care in the private sector did not necessarily ensure high quality care in a health system which approaches maternal healthcare as a profit-making enterprise rather than as an essential human right...
June 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
J Boujenah, C Fleury, I Pharisien, A Benbara, M Benchimol, L Carbillon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of successful external cephalic version (ECV) on the risk of caesarean section (CS) during attempted vaginal delivery after induction of labour. METHODS: A unicentric matched retrospective observational case-control cohort study with exposed and unexposed groups. All pregnant women who had an induction of labour after a successful external cephalic version (sECV) between 1998 and 2016 were included. A total of 88 cases were compared with 176 controls (spontaneous cephalic presentation), matching for the year of delivery, parity, gestational age, indication and mode of induction of labour...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Liesel Elisabeth Hardy, Yee Leung
We report a case of high-grade gynaecological carcinoma presenting as a uterocutaneous fistula. A 59-year-old woman presented with a discharging abdominal wall wound. Imaging confirmed a large solid pelvic mass forming a sinus tract with the anterior abdominal wall. The tract tunnelled through a previous caesarean section scar. Biopsy indicated a high-grade gynaecological carcinoma, with features suggestive of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent two cycles of chemotherapy. Despite this, the mass increased in size and was complicated by abdominal wall wound breakdown...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
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