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Gustavo A Constaín, María de Los Ángeles Rodríguez-Gázquez, Guillermo Andrés Ramírez Jiménez, Gloria María Gómez Vásquez, Laura Mejía Cardona, Jonathan Cardona Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To establish the diagnostic validity and usefulness of Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) for the risk assessment of eating disorders in a male population. DESCRIPTION: Observational validation study questionnaire. SETTING: Performed in Medellin city at a community care level of mixed (public and private) psychiatric clinics. SUBJECTS: The study included 21 male subjects aged ≥14 with DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), and 93 controls without ED...
October 10, 2016: Atencion Primaria
Ricardo V García-Mayor, Francisco J García-Soidán
BACKGROUND: Relationship between type 1 diabetes and Eating disorders is well-known, less information exists on the relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2DM) people and eating disorders. AIM: Review information on the prevalence and impact of type 2 diabetes and eating disorders comorbidity. METHODS: Search in Medline and PubMed relevant articles on the aforementioned co-morbidity. Review includes articles on epidemiological, clinical and therapeutics aspects...
August 22, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Malvina Gualandi, Marzia Simoni, Emilia Manzato, Giovanni Scanelli
PURPOSE: To compare the relative prevalence of eating disorders moving from DSM-IV to DSM-5, and to reassess the overall medical impairment in the revised diagnostic classes. METHODS: We applied DSM-5 to 206 patients (age 15-56 years) previously studied and classified according to DSM-IV. Medical impairment was classified as low, medium, or high, based on a cumulative score of clinical severity (SCS), computed as the sum of specific weights assigned to different pathological conditions and their ascertained prognostic impact...
August 29, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Daphne van Hoeken, Jonathan K Burns, Hans W Hoek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is the first review of studies on the epidemiology of eating disorders on the African continent. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of articles found through our search did not assess formal diagnoses, but only screened for eating attitudes and behaviors. Only four studies - including only one recent study - provided specific epidemiological data on anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and/or eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). No cases of anorexia nervosa according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria were found among a total of 1476 (young) females...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Linda Mustelin, Vilma-Lotta Lehtokari, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence, course, and clinical picture of the DSM-5 residual categories 'Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder' (OSFED) and 'Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder' (UFED), to describe potential subtypes, and to evaluate whether the subdivision of the residual category appears meaningful. METHOD: We screened women from the 1975-79 birth cohorts of Finnish twins (N = 2825) for lifetime eating disorders using questionnaires and the SCID interview...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Úna Mulkerrin, Bryony Bamford, Lucy Serpell
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing clinical interest in the use of personal values as a motivational tool in psychological therapies for Anorexia Nervosa (AN), research is limited. This study explored personal values among individuals with AN, with a particular focus on the 'fit' between participants' values and their AN. METHODS: A qualitative research design was employed in this study. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out among eight female outpatients and inpatients with a diagnosis of AN or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified - AN type (EDNOS-AN type)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Stefano Erzegovesi, Laura Bellodi
Twenty years have passed from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and, in the meanwhile, a lot of research data about eating disorders has been published. This article reviews the main modifications to the classification of eating disorders reported in the "Feeding and Eating Disorders" chapter of the DSM-5, and compares them with the ICD-10 diagnostic guidelines. Particularly, we will show that DSM-5 criteria widened the diagnoses of anorexia and bulimia nervosa to less severe forms (so decreasing the frequency of Eating Disorders, Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) diagnoses), introduced the new category of Binge Eating Disorder, and incorporated several feeding disorders that were first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence...
August 2016: CNS Spectrums
Catherine Ruscitti, Katrina Rufino, Natalie Goodwin, Rebecca Wagner
BACKGROUND: A defining characteristic of eating disorders (EDs) is difficulty with emotion regulation (ER). Previous research indicates that ED subtypes demonstrate differing ER difficulties. Specifically, individuals with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN) show greater impairment in their ability to regulate emotions in areas such as achieving goals while upset, reacting impulsively to distress, and effectively using coping strategies, as compared to those with Binge Eating Disorder (BED)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Chelsea MacCaughelty, Rebecca Wagner, Katrina Rufino
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sex, age, body mass index (BMI), and eating disorder diagnosis were associated with referral rates for eating disorder consults in a general inpatient psychiatric facility. METHOD: An inpatient sample of 136 individuals with a current eating disorder diagnosis were utilized for this study. Chi square and logistic regression were used to identify variables affecting the likelihood of having an eating disorder consult. RESULTS: More women than men were identified as having a current eating disorder diagnosis...
May 20, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Marco Aurélio Soares Amorim, Catia Sousa Govêia, Edno Magalhães, Luís Cláudio Araújo Ladeira, Larissa Govêia Moreira, Denismar Borges de Miranda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sevoflurane is often used in pediatric anesthesia and is associated with high incidence of psychomotor agitation. In such cases, dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been used, but its benefit and implications remain uncertain. We assessed the effects of DEX on agitation in children undergoing general anesthesia with sevoflurane. METHOD: Meta-analysis of randomized clinical and double-blind studies, with children undergoing elective procedures under general anesthesia with sevoflurane, using DEX or placebo...
May 3, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Rinat Carter, Dana Yanykulovitch-Levy, Hadas Wertheim, Shirley Gordon-Erez, Meital Shahimov, Abraham Weizman, Daniel Stein
Cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) is the recommended intervention in bulimia nervosa (BN) and eating disorders not otherwise specified with binge/purge (EDNOS-B/P) symptoms. There are fewer data on its application in a group format. We sought to investigate the effect of group CBT in female soldiers with B/P symptomatology in an open trial design. For this purpose we assessed 64 female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Force diagnosed with BN and EDNOS-B/P who participated in a group CBT format of 16 weekly sessions and one follow-up session...
July 2016: Eating Disorders
Ingemar Swenne
BACKGROUND: Considering the prevalence of obesity in society it can be expected that some adolescents with an eating disorder (ED) start weight loss from an overweight and present at a near-normal weight. Presently, the influence of premorbid BMI on clinical characteristics of adolescent girls presenting with an ED has ben studied. METHOD: Premorbid growth charts were available for 275 postmenarcheal adolescent girls presenting with an ED (anorexia nervosa = 27, (subthreshold) bulimia nervosa = 9, restrictive EDNOS = 239)...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Kinga Sałapa, Barbara Józefik
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between sociocultural factors and clinical eating disorders during the intensive process of Westernisation in Poland that occurred after 1989. The study population included girls diagnosed with an eating disorder according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 47 anorexia nervosa restrictive type [ANR], n = 16 anorexia binge/purge type [ANBP], n = 34 bulimia nervosa [BN], n = 19 eating disorder not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) who received consultation for the first time between 2002 and 2004 in the Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital, Kraków, Poland...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Brandon K Bellows, Scott L DuVall, Aaron W C Kamauu, Dylan Supina, Manjiri Pawaskar, Thomas Babcock, Joanne LaFleur
OBJECTIVE: In 2013 binge-eating disorder (BED) was recognized as a formal diagnosis, but was historically included under the diagnosis code for eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). This study compared the characteristics and use of treatment modalities in BED patients to those with EDNOS without BED (EDNOS-only) and to matched-patients with no eating disorders (NED). METHODS: Patients were identified for this study from electronic health records in the Department of Veterans Affairs from 2000 to 2011...
April 2016: Eating Behaviors
Mariano Paiva Souza, Edno Magalhães, Elialba de Farias Cascudo, Marco Antonio Dias Jogaib, Marcelo Carneiro da Silva
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inadvertent venous catheterizations occur in approximately 9% of lumbar epidural anesthetic procedures with catheter placement and, if not promptly recognized, can result in fatal consequences. The objective of this report is to describe a case of accidental catheterization of epidural venous plexus and its recording by computed tomography with contrast injection through the catheter. CASE REPORT: A female patient in her sixties, physical status II (ASA), underwent conventional cholecystectomy under balanced general anesthesia and an epidural with catheter for postoperative analgesia...
March 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
P Wanby, J Berglund, L Brudin, D Hedberg, M Carlsson
PURPOSE: A few recent studies have found elevated ferritin levels in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), indicating ferritin as a potential biomarker of disease severity. The purpose of this study was to study how body mass index (BMI) and changes in BMI affect plasma ferritin concentrations in Swedish patients with eating disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective computer search from 2009 to 2014, 662 patients with an eating disorder were identified from more than 200,000 individuals with electronic medical records...
September 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
M Solmi, N Veronese, C U Correll, A Favaro, P Santonastaso, L Caregaro, D Vancampfort, C Luchini, M De Hert, B Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: To provide meta-analytical evidence of bone mineral density (BMD), fractures, and osteoporosis rates in eating disorders (ED) vs. healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: Three independent authors searched major electronic databases from inception till August 2015 for cross-sectional studies reporting BMD in people with ED (anorexia nervosa, (AN); bulimia nervosa, (BN); eating disorders not otherwise specified, (EDNOS)) vs. HCs. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) ±95% and confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for BMD, and odds ratios (ORs) for osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures...
May 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Iryna V Ivanova, Giorgio A Tasca, Geneviève Proulx, Hany Bissada
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal model has been validated with binge-eating disorder (BED), but it is not yet known if the model applies across a range of eating disorders (ED). PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to investigate the validity of the interpersonal model in anorexia nervosa (restricting type; ANR and binge-eating/purge type; ANBP), bulimia nervosa (BN), BED, and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). PROCEDURE: Data from a cross-sectional sample of 1459 treatment-seeking women diagnosed with ANR, ANBP, BN, BED and EDNOS were examined for indirect effects of interpersonal problems on ED psychopathology mediated through negative affect...
November 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Henry Caudle, Christine Pang, Sam Mancuso, David Castle, Richard Newton
BACKGROUND: This study compares the DSM-IV and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for eating disorders. DSM-IV resulted in a large number of patients being diagnosed with Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS). In DSM-5 the residual category is renamed Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorders (OSFED) and Unspecified Eating Disorders (UFED) however the diagnostic criteria for the residual category in each of the diagnostic systems remains the same. This study aims to evaluate the changes in percentages of patients in a residual DSM-IV category compared to a residual DSM-5 category by retrospectively applying DSM-5 criteria to the clinical records of a patient population in a clinical setting...
2015: Journal of Eating Disorders
Shannon Zaitsoff, Angelina Yiu, Rachelle Pullmer, Josie Geller, Rosanne Menna
This study aimed to identify factors that adolescents with eating disorders (ED) consider important for therapeutic engagement, and to examine similarities and differences in the number of identified factors considered important for therapeutic engagement based on diagnostic status and readiness and motivation to change dietary restriction behaviors. Treatment seeking adolescent females (n=34, Mage=16.33, SD=1.34) with an ED were prompted to generate responses to 4 constructs related to therapeutic engagement: (1) Trust, (2) Agreement on therapeutic goals, (3) Confidence in Ability to Change and (4) Feelings of Inclusion in therapeutic decisions...
December 15, 2015: Psychiatry Research
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