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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630826/predicting-the-effects-of-interventions-a-tutorial-on-the-disequilibrium-model
#1
Kenneth W Jacobs, Zachary H Morford, James E King, Linda J Hayes
The disequilibrium approach to reinforcement and punishment, derived from the probability-differential hypothesis and response deprivation hypothesis, provides a number of potentially useful mathematical models for practitioners. The disequilibrium approach and its accompanying models have proven effective in the prediction and control of behavior, yet they have not been fully espoused and integrated into clinical practice. The purpose of this tutorial is to detail the disequilibrium approach and adapt its mathematical models for use as a tool in applied settings...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629337/validity-and-reliability-of-electroacoustic-probe-for-diagnosis-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#2
Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, Georgina Olvera-Villanueva, Silvia Del Carmen Delgado-Sandoval, Teodoro Cordova-Fraga, Modesto Antonio Sosa-Aquino, Vicente Beltran-Campos
BACKGROUND: Sound transmission is used in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia since the end of the 80's. Aim of this study is to quantify the validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia in neonates. METHODS: Diagnostic study included neonates aged 4-28 days, whose parents signed an informed consent. The probe was used three times for comparative sound transmission and with extension/flexion; hip ultrasound was performed with Graf technique as gold standard...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592334/impact-of-oocyte-secreted-factors-on-its-developmental-competence-in-buffalo
#3
Swati Gupta, Sriti Pandey, Mehtab S Parmar, Anjali Somal, Avishek Paul, Bibhudatta S K Panda, Irfan A Bhat, Indu Baiju, Mukesh K Bharti, G Saikumar, Mihir Sarkar, Vikash Chandra, G Taru Sharma
Oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) play an important role in the acquisition of oocyte developmental competence through bidirectional cross-talk between oocyte and cumulus cells via gap junctions. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of two OSFs, growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15), on the developmental competence of buffalo oocytes derived from two different follicle sizes. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from large follicles (LF, >6 mm) or small follicles (SF, 0...
June 8, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#4
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550687/tanshinone-suppresses-arecoline-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-by-epigenetically-reactivating-the-p53-pathway
#5
Lian Zheng, Zhen-Jie Guan, Wen-Ting Pan, Tian-Fang Du, Yu-Jia Zhai, Jia Guo
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) induced by the chewing of areca nut has been considered as a precancerous lesion with a higher probability of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma. Tanshinone (TSN) is the main component extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, a traditional Chinese medicine, which was found to have diverse pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. In current study, we aim to identify inhibitory effects and the underlying mechanism of Tanshinone on OSF progress. We found that treatment of TSN inhibited arecoline-mediated proliferation of primary human oral mucosal fibroblasts, and reversed the promotive effects of arecoline on EMT process...
May 21, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523601/the-provo-corpus-a-large-eye-tracking-corpus-with-predictability-norms
#6
Steven G Luke, Kiel Christianson
This article presents the Provo Corpus, a corpus of eye-tracking data with accompanying predictability norms. The predictability norms for the Provo Corpus differ from those of other corpora. In addition to traditional cloze scores that estimate the predictability of the full orthographic form of each word, the Provo Corpus also includes measures of the predictability of the morpho-syntactic and semantic information for each word. This makes the Provo Corpus ideal for studying predictive processes in reading...
May 18, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520793/how-does-motion-affect-gaba-measurements-order-statistic-filtering-compared-to-conventional-analysis-of-mega-press-mrs
#7
Sofie Tapper, Anders Tisell, Peter Lundberg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate two post-processing techniques applied to MRS MEGA-PRESS data influenced by motion-induced artifacts. In contrast to the conventional averaging technique, order statistic filtering (OSF) is a known method for artifact reduction. Therefore, this method may be suitable to incorporate in the GABA quantification. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers were scanned three times using a 3 T MR system. One measurement protocol consisted of two MEGA-PRESS measurements, one reference measurement and one measurement including head motions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493527/characterization-of-a-sandwich-elisa-for-the-quantification-of%C3%A2-all-human-periostin-isoforms
#8
Elisabeth Gadermaier, Manfred Tesarz, Andreea Ana-Maria Suciu, Jacqueline Wallwitz, Gabriela Berg, Gottfried Himmler
BACKGROUND: Periostin (osteoblast-specific factor OSF-2) is a secreted protein occurring in seven known isoforms, and it is involved in a variety of biological processes in osteology, tissue repair, oncology, cardiovascular and respiratory systems or allergic manifestations. To analyze functional aspects of periostin, or the ability of periostin as potential biomarker in physiological and pathological conditions, there is the need for a precise, well-characterized assay that detects periostin in peripheral blood...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486664/microrna-21-plays-a-pivotal-role-in-the-oocyte-secreted-factor-induced-suppression-of-cumulus-cell-apoptosis%C3%A2
#9
Xiao Han, Rui Xue, Hong-Jie Yuan, Tian-Yang Wang, Juan Lin, Jie Zhang, Bo Liang, Jing-He Tan
It is known that oocytes and cumulus cells (CCs) are more resistant to apoptosis than other compartments of the antral follicle. However, although oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) have been found to be involved in suppressing bovine CC apoptosis, little is known about the intra-cellular mechanisms by which OSFs render CCs resistant to apoptosis. Here we show that coculture with mouse or pig cumulus-denuded oocytes, culture with recombinant mouse growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) or culture in pig oocyte-conditioned medium (POCM) significantly inhibited CC apoptosis of mouse oocytectomized cumulus oophorus complexes (OOXs)...
May 8, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466233/age-related-expression-of-tgf-beta-family-receptors-in-human-cumulus-oophorus-cells
#10
A Ribeiro, C Freitas, L Matos, A Gouveia, F Gomes, J L Silva Carvalho, H Almeida
PURPOSE: During ovarian follicle growth, local cellular interactions are essential for oocyte quality acquisition and successful fertilization. While cumulus cells (CCs) nurture oocytes, they also deliver oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) that activate receptors on CCs. We hypothesized that disturbance of those interactions contributes to age-related lower reproductive success in women submitted to assisted reproductive technology treatments. METHODS: Women aged 27-48, without recognized personal reproductive disorder, were enrolled in the study and divided in <35- and ≥35-year-old groups...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465827/does-level-of-motivation-for-change-impact-post-treatment-outcomes-in-the-eating-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-quantitative-analysis
#11
Jeanne Sansfaçon, Howard Steiger, Lise Gauvin, Émilie Fletcher, Mimi Israël
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders are highly prevalent and widespread mental health problems, with marked risk of chronicity and refractoriness to treatment. Affected individuals are hesitant to change their behaviours and therefore struggle to maintain motivation for therapy. This review aims to produce the first high-quality meta-analysis of the literature on the impact of level of motivation for change on post-treatment outcomes in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464379/activation-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-by-thrombin-via-integrins-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-1-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-and-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-5-in-buccal-fibroblasts-suppression-by-epigallocatechin-3-gallate
#12
Jenny Zwei-Chieng Chang, Yu-Ping Hsieh, Wen-Hsin Lin, Hsin-Ming Chen, Mark Yen-Ping Kuo
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Thrombin is a key player in tissue repair, inflammation, and fibrosis after injury. METHODS: Effects of thrombin on activated-TGF-β1 levels, Smad3 phosphorylation, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) synthesis in primary human buccal mucosal fibroblasts (BMFs) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or Western blot analysis...
May 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409486/dutch-taboo-norms
#13
Sander A Roest, Tessa A Visser, René Zeelenberg
This article provides norms for general taboo, personal taboo, insult, valence, and arousal for 672 Dutch words, including 202 taboo words. Norms were collected using a 7-point Likert scale and based on ratings by psychology students from the Erasmus University Rotterdam in The Netherlands. The sample consisted of 87 psychology students (58 females, 29 males). We obtained high reliability based on split-half analyses. Our norms show high correlations with arousal and valence ratings collected by another Dutch word-norms study (Moors et al...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400178/polymorphisms-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-a-systematic-review
#14
Vanessa Ramos Pires Dinarte, Anemari Ramos Dinarte Dos Santos, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Mariah Guieiro Alves Dos Reis, Edwin Tamashiro, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira Valera, Wilson Araújo da Silva Júnior, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is a multifactorial disease with a complex pathophysiology involving multiple genetic and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work review is to focus on the importance of genetic studies in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps besides the several barriers that exists for its understanding. METHODS: A systematic review on studies of association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps based on a PubMed/Medline and Periódicos CAPES search of all articles published between January 2005 and January 2015 was made...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390753/changes-in-prevalence-of-precancerous-oral-submucous-fibrosis-from-1996-to-2013-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#15
Shun-Fa Yang, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ni-Yu Su, Hui-Chieh Yu, Chia-Yi Wei, Chuan-Hang Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) has been regarded as a precancerous condition. Research examining the prevalence of OSF could be the first step in preventing or reducing malignant transformation. In this study, we probed a nationwide registered database to assess the prevalence, gender distribution, age, income, and urbanization status of OSF patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the registered database compiled by the National Health Insurance provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389853/toward-the-development-of-a-feature-space-representation-for-a-complex-natural-category-domain
#16
Robert M Nosofsky, Craig A Sanders, Brian J Meagher, Bruce J Douglas
This article reports data sets aimed at the development of a detailed feature-space representation for a complex natural category domain, namely 30 common subtypes of the categories of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. We conducted web searches to develop a library of 12 tokens each of the 30 subtypes, for a total of 360 rock pictures. In one study, subjects provided ratings along a set of 18 hypothesized primary dimensions involving visual characteristics of the rocks. In other studies, subjects provided similarity judgments among pairs of the rock tokens...
April 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389222/cesarean-delivery-in-the-second-stage-of-labor-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-premature-birth
#17
Stephen L Wood, Selphee Tang, Susan Crawford
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is being increasingly used by obstetricians for indicated deliveries in the second stage of labor. Unplanned extension of the uterine incision involving the cervix often occurs with these surgeries. Therefore, we hypothesized that cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor may increase the rate of subsequent spontaneous premature birth. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if cesarean delivery in the late first stage of labor or in the second stage of labor increases the risk of a subsequent spontaneous preterm birth...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378250/introduction-to-bayesian-inference-for-psychology
#18
Alexander Etz, Joachim Vandekerckhove
We introduce the fundamental tenets of Bayesian inference, which derive from two basic laws of probability theory. We cover the interpretation of probabilities, discrete and continuous versions of Bayes' rule, parameter estimation, and model comparison. Using seven worked examples, we illustrate these principles and set up some of the technical background for the rest of this special issue of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. Supplemental material is available via https://osf.io/wskex/ .
April 4, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365254/regulation-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-human-buccal-mucosal-fibroblasts-stimulated-with-arecoline
#19
Yung-Chuan Ho, Shun-Fa Yang, Shiuan-Shinn Lee, Yu-Chao Chang
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is consistently and dramatically upregulated in a variety of fibrotic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare HIF-1α expression from fibroblasts derived from human normal buccal mucosa and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) specimens and further to explore the potential mechanisms that may lead to induce HIF-1α expression. OSF buccal mucosal fibroblasts (BMFs) demonstrated significantly higher HIF-1α mRNA expression than normal BMFs (p<0.005). Arecoline, the major areca nut alkaloid, was also found to elevate HIF-1α mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner (p<0...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364283/lisbon-emoji-and-emoticon-database-leed-norms-for-emoji-and-emoticons-in-seven-evaluative-dimensions
#20
David Rodrigues, Marília Prada, Rui Gaspar, Margarida V Garrido, Diniz Lopes
The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users' interpretations always correspond to the developers'/researchers' intended meanings might be misleading. This article presents subjective norms of emoji and emoticons provided by everyday users. The Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED) comprises 238 stimuli: 85 emoticons and 153 emoji (collected from iOS, Android, Facebook, and Emojipedia)...
March 31, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
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