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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409486/dutch-taboo-norms
#1
Sander A Roest, Tessa A Visser, René Zeelenberg
This article provides norms for general taboo, personal taboo, insult, valence, and arousal for 672 Dutch words, including 202 taboo words. Norms were collected using a 7-point Likert scale and based on ratings by psychology students from the Erasmus University Rotterdam in The Netherlands. The sample consisted of 87 psychology students (58 females, 29 males). We obtained high reliability based on split-half analyses. Our norms show high correlations with arousal and valence ratings collected by another Dutch word-norms study (Moors et al...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400178/polymorphisms-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-a-systematic-review
#2
Vanessa Ramos Pires Dinarte, Anemari Ramos Dinarte Dos Santos, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Mariah Guieiro Alves Dos Reis, Edwin Tamashiro, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira Valera, Wilson Araújo da Silva Júnior, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is a multifactorial disease with a complex pathophysiology involving multiple genetic and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work review is to focus on the importance of genetic studies in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps besides the several barriers that exists for its understanding. METHODS: A systematic review on studies of association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps based on a PubMed/Medline and Periódicos CAPES search of all articles published between January 2005 and January 2015 was made...
March 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390753/changes-in-prevalence-of-precancerous-oral-submucous-fibrosis-from-1996-to-2013-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#3
Shun-Fa Yang, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ni-Yu Su, Hui-Chieh Yu, Chia-Yi Wei, Chuan-Hang Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) has been regarded as a precancerous condition. Research examining the prevalence of OSF could be the first step in preventing or reducing malignant transformation. In this study, we probed a nationwide registered database to assess the prevalence, gender distribution, age, income, and urbanization status of OSF patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the registered database compiled by the National Health Insurance provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389853/toward-the-development-of-a-feature-space-representation-for-a-complex-natural-category-domain
#4
Robert M Nosofsky, Craig A Sanders, Brian J Meagher, Bruce J Douglas
This article reports data sets aimed at the development of a detailed feature-space representation for a complex natural category domain, namely 30 common subtypes of the categories of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. We conducted web searches to develop a library of 12 tokens each of the 30 subtypes, for a total of 360 rock pictures. In one study, subjects provided ratings along a set of 18 hypothesized primary dimensions involving visual characteristics of the rocks. In other studies, subjects provided similarity judgments among pairs of the rock tokens...
April 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389222/cesarean-delivery-in-the-second-stage-of-labor-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-premature-birth
#5
Stephen L Wood, Selphee Tang, Susan Crawford
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is being increasingly used by obstetricians for indicated deliveries in the second stage of labor. Unplanned extension of the uterine incision involving the cervix often occurs with these surgeries. Therefore, we hypothesized that cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor may increase the rate of subsequent spontaneous premature birth. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if cesarean delivery in the late first stage of labor or in the second stage of labor increases the risk of a subsequent spontaneous preterm birth...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378250/introduction-to-bayesian-inference-for-psychology
#6
Alexander Etz, Joachim Vandekerckhove
We introduce the fundamental tenets of Bayesian inference, which derive from two basic laws of probability theory. We cover the interpretation of probabilities, discrete and continuous versions of Bayes' rule, parameter estimation, and model comparison. Using seven worked examples, we illustrate these principles and set up some of the technical background for the rest of this special issue of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. Supplemental material is available via https://osf.io/wskex/ .
April 4, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365254/regulation-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-human-buccal-mucosal-fibroblasts-stimulated-with-arecoline
#7
Yung-Chuan Ho, Shun-Fa Yang, Shiuan-Shinn Lee, Yu-Chao Chang
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is consistently and dramatically upregulated in a variety of fibrotic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare HIF-1α expression from fibroblasts derived from human normal buccal mucosa and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) specimens and further to explore the potential mechanisms that may lead to induce HIF-1α expression. OSF buccal mucosal fibroblasts (BMFs) demonstrated significantly higher HIF-1α mRNA expression than normal BMFs (p<0.005). Arecoline, the major areca nut alkaloid, was also found to elevate HIF-1α mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner (p<0...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364283/lisbon-emoji-and-emoticon-database-leed-norms-for-emoji-and-emoticons-in-seven-evaluative-dimensions
#8
David Rodrigues, Marília Prada, Rui Gaspar, Margarida V Garrido, Diniz Lopes
The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users' interpretations always correspond to the developers'/researchers' intended meanings might be misleading. This article presents subjective norms of emoji and emoticons provided by everyday users. The Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED) comprises 238 stimuli: 85 emoticons and 153 emoji (collected from iOS, Android, Facebook, and Emojipedia)...
March 31, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319839/escherichia-coli-removal-from-model-substrates-underlying-mechanism-based-on-nanofluid-structural-forces
#9
Jiyoung Shim, Alex Nikolov, Darsh Wasan
Understanding the interactions between bacteria and solid surfaces that result in bacterial adhesion and removal is of immense importance for reducing foodborne illness outbreaks. A nanofluid formulation comprised of a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micellar aqueous solution in the presence of an organic acid (as a pH controller) was used to test the E. coli K12 removal from two substrates, polyvinylchloride (PVC) and partially hydrophobic glass. We investigated the bacterial removal efficacy based on the combined effect of the nanofluid's structural forces and bacterial isoelectric point...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317358/-epidemiological-investigation-of-chewing-fresh-or-dried-betel-nut-and-oral-mucosal-disease
#10
Du Yongxiu, Sun Dongye, Jian Xinchun, Mao Qiuhua, Cheng Yanan, Xu Pu
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of chewing fresh or dried betel nut on the inci-dence and canceration of oral mucosa disease in Haikou City in Hainan Province. METHODS: Through a survey questionnaire, clinical examination, and regular follow-up, we collected clinical data from 1 722 cases and divided them into two groups, among which 704 of the afflicted people chew dried betel nut, whereas the other 1 018 chew fresh betel nut. The data were 
statistically analyzed using different variables which included age, number, time of onset of the disease, and the cancerous condition associated with common oral mucosa disease, including oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), oral leukoplakia (OLK), and oral Lichen planus (OLP)...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295637/malignant-transformation-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Po-Yu Yang, Yi-Tzu Chen, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ni-Yu Su, Hui-Chieh Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a one of the well-recognized oral potentially malignant disorders. In this study, we investigated the malignant transformation of OSF in a Taiwanese population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was analyzed from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. A comparison cohort that was randomly frequency-matched with the OSF cohort according to age, sex, and index year. Oral leukoplakia (OL) was further stratified to evaluate for the possible synergistic effects for OSF-associated malignant transformation...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259083/environmental-heavy-metal-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-the-progression-of-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-central-taiwan
#12
Kuo-Yang Tsai, Che-Chun Su, Chi-Ting Chiang, Yao-Ting Tseng, Ie-Bin Lian
OBJECTIVE: Oral cancer (OC) is a leading cause of death from cancer in men between the ages of 25 and 44 years in Taiwan. The overall 5-year survival rates for the four OC stages (I-IV) in Taiwan are approximately 70%, 30%, 20%, and 10%, respectively, indicating the importance of the early diagnosis of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). Previous studies indicated an association between the OC incidence and certain environmental heavy metal concentrations. If these associations do exist for OC, they may also be observed for OPMD...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252993/cjep-will-offer-open-science-badges
#13
Penny M Pexman
This editorial announces the decision of the Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology (CJEP) to offer Open Science Framework (OSF) Badges. The Centre for Open Science provides tools to facilitate open science practices. These include the OSF badges. The badges acknowledge papers that meet standards for openness of data, methods, or research process. They are now described in the CJEP Submission Guidelines, and are provided in the editorial. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209945/effects-of-static-cold-storage-and-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-on-oxidative-stress-factors-adhesion-molecules-and-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-proteins-before-and-after-liver-transplantation
#14
De-Fang Zhao, Qin Dong, Tong Zhang
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the effects of static cold storage (SCS) and hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) on the oxidative stress factors (OSF), adhesion molecules (AM), and zinc finger transcription factor (Snail) before and after liver transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Experimental dogs were randomly divided into donor (group A), SCS (group B), and HMP (group C) (n=30) groups. Livers retrieved from group A were transplanted into group B after SCS, and the livers sampled from group B were transplanted into group C after HMP...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123989/formulation-development-and-evaluation-of-zolmitriptan-oral-soluble-films-using-2-2-factorial-designs
#15
Poluri Koteswari, G Puja Sravanthi, M Mounika, S K Mohammed Rafi, K Nirosha
OBJECTIVE: The present investigation involves the development of zolmitriptan oral soluble film (OSF) formulations and optimization with quality by design (QBD) using natural polymers and evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, various natural polymers such as sodium alginate, pectin, and gelatin were screened by casting films using solvent casting technique and the prepared films were evaluated. Based on the physical and mechanical properties, sodium alginate was selected as best film former and zolmitriptan-loaded films were casted...
October 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104709/utility-of-social-media-and-crowd-sourced-data-for-pharmacovigilance-a-scoping-review-protocol
#16
Andrea C Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Erin Lillie, Ba Pham, Sharon E Straus
INTRODUCTION: Adverse events associated with medications are under-reported in postmarketing surveillance systems. A systematic review of published data from 37 studies worldwide (including Canada) found the median under-reporting rate of adverse events to be 94% in spontaneous reporting systems. This scoping review aims to assess the utility of social media and crowd-sourced data to detect and monitor adverse events related to health products including pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biologics and natural health products...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072989/-clinical-effectiveness-of-salvianolic-acid-b-and-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-treatment-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#17
X C Jian, L Zheng, R Zhu, B P Wang, T Zhou, Y X Du
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of salvianolic acid B (SA-B) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) by means of combined intralesional injection in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Methods: According to clinical findings and symptoms, TA combined with SA-B were consecutively applied intralesionally 1 time weekly for 30 times. Mouth opening degree, color change of the buccal mucosae and numeral increase of the capillary vessels were determined by degree Ⅰ-Ⅳ visual analog scale were evaluated at 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027413/omega-3-a-novel-treatment-agent-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#18
Milanjeet Kaur Raizada, Digamber M Sable, Asha Chowdhery, Mahesh Shivaji Chavan, Ladu Singh Rajpurohit
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a premalignant condition of the oral cavity. It is well known for its impervious nature to medical therapy. Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been reported to have anti inflammatory properties. However, its role in OSF is still not known. This preliminary study assessed the efficacy of systemic omega 3 in this disease. METHODS: A randomized single blinded controlled trial was designed and a total of 10 clinically confirmed adult patients of OSF were included in the study...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987392/urinary-metabolic-profiling-of-cisplatin-nephrotoxicity-and-nephroprotective-effects-of-orthosiphon-stamineus-leaves-elucidated-by-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy
#19
Raghunath Pariyani, Intan Safinar Ismail, Amalina Azam, Alfi Khatib, Faridah Abas, Khozirah Shaari, Hazilawati Hamza
Orthosiphon stamineus (OS) is a popular medicinal herb used in traditional Chinese medicine as a diuretic agent and for renal system disorders. This study employed (1)H NMR based metabolomics approach to investigate the possible protective activity of OS in cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity owing to its diuretic and antioxidant activities. Aqueous (OSAE) and 50% aqueous ethanolic (OSFE) extracts of OS leaves were orally administered at 400mg/kg BW doses to rats which were then intraperitoneally injected with cisplatin at 5mg/kg BW dose...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982081/a-cloud-based-workflow-to-quantify-transcript-expression-levels-in-public-cancer-compendia
#20
P J Tatlow, Stephen R Piccolo
Public compendia of sequencing data are now measured in petabytes. Accordingly, it is infeasible for researchers to transfer these data to local computers. Recently, the National Cancer Institute began exploring opportunities to work with molecular data in cloud-computing environments. With this approach, it becomes possible for scientists to take their tools to the data and thereby avoid large data transfers. It also becomes feasible to scale computing resources to the needs of a given analysis. We quantified transcript-expression levels for 12,307 RNA-Sequencing samples from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia and The Cancer Genome Atlas...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
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